Week #153; Wed, Dec 02: 1 Peter 1:1–1 John 2:29

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

1 Peter 1, I. Greeting and Born Again to a Living Hope; II. Called to Be Holy

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and Born Again to a Living Hope): “Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. In this you rejoice, though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been grieved by various trials, so that the tested genuineness of your faith–more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire–may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.” (1:3-7)
1. FINDINGS: “Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory, obtaining the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls.” (1:8-9)
2. CRITERIA: “Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories.” (1:10-11)
3. CONDITION: “It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you, through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.” (1:12)
4. CAUSE: “Our inheritance is prepared and kept for us, as we for it. We who believe may count on the guarding power of God. Not till our spirit is joined to a perfected body in the presence of Christ will our salvation be complete.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The best diamonds take longer in cutting and polishing. But, after all, compared to the eternity before us, it is but short-lived, and there is a needs-be for all. Hope in 1Peter 1:3, faith in 1Peter 1:7, love in 1Peter 1:8, blend in the joy that is unspeakable and full of the glory which is as yet hidden.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Seek then to believe Christ’s excellence in himself, and his love to us; this will kindle such a fire in the heart as will make it rise up in a sacrifice of love to him. And the glory of God and our own happiness are so united, that if we sincerely seek the one now, we shall attain the other when the soul shall no more be subject to evil. The certainty of this hope is as if believers had already received it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Called to Be Holy): “Therefore, preparing your minds for action, and being sober-minded, set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance, but as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, since it is written, ‘You shall be holy, for I am holy.’ And if you call on him as Father who judges impartially according to each one’s deeds, conduct yourselves with fear throughout the time of your exile, knowing that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your forefathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot.” (1:13-19)
A. INFERENCE: “He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you who through him are believers in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.” (1:20-21)
1. FINDINGS: “Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for a sincere brotherly love, love one another earnestly from a pure heart, since you have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God; for ‘All flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, and the flower falls, but the word of the Lord remains forever.’ And this word is the good news that was preached to you.” (1:22-25)
2. CRITERIA: “Holy confidence in God as a Father, and awful fear of him as a Judge, agree together; and to regard God always as a Judge, makes him dear to us as a Father. If believers do evil, God will visit them with corrections.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Then, let Christians not doubt God’s faithfulness to his promises, nor give way to enslaving dread of his wrath, but let them reverence his holiness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is folly to resolve, I will live and die in such a way, because my forefathers did so. God had purposes of special favor toward his people, long before he made manifest such grace unto them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But the clearness of light, the supports of faith, the power of ordinances, are all much greater since Christ came upon earth, than they were before. The comfort is, that being by faith made one with Christ, his present glory is an assurance that where he is we shall be also, John 14:3.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should hear, and thus receive and love, the holy, living word, and rather hazard all than lose it; and we must banish all other things from the place due to it. We should lodge it in our hearts as our only treasures here, and the certain pledge of the treasure of glory laid up for believers in heaven.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Peter 2:1, I. A Living Stone and a Holy People; II. Submission to Authority

I. KEY TEXT (A Living Stone and a Holy People): “So put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander. Like newborn infants, long for the pure spiritual milk, that by it you may grow up into salvation–if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is good.” (2:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious, you yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.” (2:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “For it stands in Scripture: ‘Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious, and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.’ So the honor is for you who believe, but for those who do not believe, ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,’ and ‘A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense.’ They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.” (2:6-8)
2. CRITERIA: “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.” (2:9)
3. CONDITION: “Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.” (2:10)
4. CAUSE: “Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul. Keep your conduct among the Gentiles honorable, so that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day of visitation.” (2:11)
5. EFFECT: “As we touch the Living Stone we live, and we touch others who are touching Him, and so a temple begins to grow up. Then we become a holy priesthood in the temple, and finally the sacrifices which are offered within its precincts. If Christ is not that Living Stone for you, He will be your undoing. All that God said of His ancient people may be realized by us in and through Christ.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Thus songs of praise are ever ascending to Him who has called us into His light.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Submission to Authority): “Be subject for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether it be to the emperor as supreme, or to governors as sent by him to punish those who do evil and to praise those who do good.” (2:13-14)
A. INFERENCE: “For this is the will of God, that by doing good you should put to silence the ignorance of foolish people.” (2:15)
1. FINDINGS: “Live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God. Honor everyone. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the emperor.” (2:16-17)
2. CRITERIA: “Servants, be subject to your masters with all respect, not only to the good and gentle but also to the unjust. For this is a gracious thing, when, mindful of God, one endures sorrows while suffering unjustly.” (2:18-19)
3. CONDITION: “For what credit is it if, when you sin and are beaten for it, you endure? But if when you do good and suffer for it you endure, this is a gracious thing in the sight of God.” (2:20)
4. CAUSE: “For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you might follow in his steps. He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.” (2:21)
5. EFFECT: “When He was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly. He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.” (2:22-25)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The argument from this point seems to be: Since you have been redeemed, live worthily of your heavenly calling in relation to your fellow-believers, to God, and to the state, 1Peter 2:17; to your employers, 1Peter 2:18; to husbands, 1Peter 2:1; to wives, 1Peter2:7; to everyone, 1Peter 2:8.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

1 Peter 3:1, I. Wives and Husbands; II. Suffering for Righteousness Sake

I. KEY TEXT (Wives and Husbands): “Likewise, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that even if some do not obey the word, they may be won without a word by the conduct of their wives, when they see your respectful and pure conduct.” (3:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Do not let your adorning be external–the braiding of hair and the putting on of gold jewelry, or the clothing you wear–but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious.” (3:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “For this is how the holy women who hoped in God used to adorn themselves, by submitting to their own husbands, as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. And you are her children, if you do good and do not fear anything that is frightening.” (3:5-6)
2. CRITERIA: “Likewise, husbands, live with your wives in an understanding way, showing honor to the woman as the weaker vessel, since they are heirs with you of the grace of life, so that your prayers may not be hindered.” (3:7)
3. CONDITION: “Religious people should take care that all their behavior answers to their profession. But how few know the right measure and bounds of those two necessaries of life, food and raiment! Unless poverty is our carver, and cuts us short, there is scarcely any one who does not desire something beyond what is good for us. Far more are beholden to the lowliness of their state, than the lowliness of their mind; and many will not be so bounded, but lavish their time and money upon trifles.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christians ought to do their duty to one another, from a willing mind, and in obedience to the command of God. Wives should be subject to their husbands, not from dread and amazement, but from desire to do well, and please God. The husband’s duty to the wife implies giving due respect unto her, and maintaining her authority, protecting her, and placing trust in her.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “They are heirs together of all the blessings of this life and that which is to come, and should live peaceably one with another. Prayer sweetens their converse. And it is not enough that they pray with the family, but husband and wife together by themselves, and with their children.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those who are acquainted with prayer, find such unspeakable sweetness in it, that they will not be hindered therein. That you may pray much, live holily; and that you may live holily, be much in prayer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Suffering for Righteousness’ Sake): “Finally, all of you, have unity of mind, sympathy, brotherly love, a tender heart, and a humble mind. Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing.” (3:8-9)
A. INFERENCE: “For ‘Whoever desires to love life and see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil and his lips from speaking deceit; let him turn away from evil and do good; let him seek peace and pursue it. For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.’” (3:10-12)
1. FINDINGS: “Now who is there to harm you if you are zealous for what is good? But even if you should suffer for righteousness’ sake, you will be blessed. Have no fear of them, nor be troubled, but in your hearts honor Christ the Lord as holy, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you; yet do it with gentleness and respect, having a good conscience, so that, when you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ may be put to shame. For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that should be God’s will, than for doing evil.” (3:13-17)
2. CRITERIA: “For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, in which he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, because they formerly did not obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water.” (3:18-20)
3. CONDITION: “Baptism, which corresponds to this, now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.” (3:21-22)
4. CAUSE: “Though Christians cannot always be exactly of the same mind, yet they should have compassion one of another, and love as brethren. If any man desires to live comfortably on earth, or to possess eternal life in heaven, he must bridle his tongue from wicked, abusive, or deceitful words. He must forsake and keep far from evil actions, do all the good he can, and seek peace with all men. For God, all-wise and every where present, watches over the righteous, and takes care of them. None could or should harm those who copied the example of Christ, who is perfect goodness, and did good to others as his followers.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Keep a good conscience! Remember you have to live with yourself! A good conscience is the best bedfellow! Paul exercised himself always to have a conscience void of offense toward God and man, Acts 23:1; Acts 24:16. This is especially necessary when we are called on to give our witness for our Lord. We must not keep silent when we ought to speak, and when we speak we should do so reverently, simply and without heat.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He (Peter) pointed out that believers who maintain a clear conscience while suffering unjustly will put their critics to shame.” (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)

1 Peter 4:1, I. Stewards of God’s Grace; II. Suffering as a Christian

I. KEY TEXT (Stewards of God’s Grace): “Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God.” (4:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “For the time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry.” (4:3)
1. FINDINGS: “With respect to this they are surprised when you do not join them in the same flood of debauchery, and they malign you; but they will give account to him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.” (3:4-5)
2. CRITERIA: “For this is why the gospel was preached even to those who are dead, that though judged in the flesh the way people are, they might live in the spirit the way God does.” (3:6)
3. CONDITION: “The end of all things is at hand; therefore be self-controlled and sober-minded for the sake of your prayers.” (3:7)
4. CAUSE: “Above all, keep loving one another earnestly, since love covers a multitude of sins. Show hospitality to one another without grumbling.” (3:8-9)
5. EFFECT: “As each has received a gift, use it to serve one another, as good stewards of God’s varied grace: whoever speaks, as one who speaks oracles of God; whoever serves, as one who serves by the strength that God supplies–in order that in everything God may be glorified through Jesus Christ. To him belong glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.” (3:10-11)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We are summoned to a life of prayer. But in order to promote fervency in prayer we must be sober-minded and self-controlled, 1Peter 4:7; loving, 1Peter 4:8; and faithful to our stewardship of all God’s entrusted gifts, 1Peter 4:10. Let us cultivate the invariable habit of looking up from our service, of whatever kind, to claim the ability to do it for the glory of God, 1Peter 4:11.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Suffering as a Christian): “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you.” (4:12)
A. INFERENCE: “But rejoice insofar as you share Christ’s sufferings, that you may also rejoice and be glad when his glory is revealed.” (4:13)
1. FINDINGS: “If you are insulted for the name of Christ you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you.” (4:14)
2. CRITERIA: “But let none of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evildoer or as a meddler.” (4:15)
3. CONDITION: “Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name. For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins with us, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?” (4:16-17)
4. CAUSE: “And ‘If the righteous is scarcely saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?’” (4:18)
5. EFFECT: “Therefore let those who suffer according to God’s will entruest their souls to a faithful Creator while doing good.” (4:19)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We are called upon to share our Savior’s sufferings-not those of His substitution, but His daily self-denial, the hatred of men, the anguish of His soul over the obstinacy and opposition of the world. The soldier who is nearest his leader, charging through the mêlée of the fight, is likely to get the same treatment as is meted out to his prince. It is not strange! It would be strange if it were not so, and if the traits in us that characterize our Lord did not win the same hatred as they won for Him.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

1 Peter 5, I. Shepherd the Flock of God and Final Greeting

I. KEY TEXT (Shepherd the Flock of God) and Final Greeting: “So I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder and a witness of the suffering of Christ, as well as a partaker in the glory that is going to be revealed: shepherd the flock of God that is among you, exercising oversight, not under compulsion, but willingly, as God would have you; not for shameful gain but eagerly; not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.” (5:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for ‘God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.’” (5:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God so that at the proper time he may exalt you, casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.” (5:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world.” (5:8-9)
3. CONDITION: “And after you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you.” (5:10)
4. CAUSE: “To him be the dominion forever and ever. Amen.” (5:11)
5. EFFECT: “By Silvanus, a faithful brother as I regard him, I have written briefly to you, exhorting and declaring that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it. She who is at Babylon, who is likewise chosen, sends you greetings, and so does Mark, my son. Greet one another with the kiss of love. Peace to all of you who are in Christ.” (5:13-14)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The salvation of the righteous is a task of enormous difficulty. It requires the dead-lift of Omnipotence. Nothing less will suffice than the infinite grace of the Father, the blood of the Son, and the patience of the Holy Spirit. What will be the fate of those who refuse these! Will they appear at the marriage-supper of the Lamb; and if not-where! What a beautiful closing verse! The committal of the soul, not only to the Savior, but to the Creator. After all, He who made can best understand, adjust and satisfy the nature which He Himself has given!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

2 Peter:1, I. Greeting and Make Your Calling and Election Sure; II. Christ’s Glory and the Prophetic Word

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and Make Your Calling and Election Sure): “Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ: ‘May grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.’” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence, by which he has granted to us his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world because of sinful desire.” (1:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “For this very reason, make every effort to supplement your faith with virtue, and virtue with knowledge, and knowledge with self-control, and self-control with steadfastness, and steadfastness with godliness, and godliness with brotherly affection, and brotherly affection with love.” (1:5-7)
2. CRITERIA: “For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they keep you from being ineffective or unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1:8)
3. CONDITION: “For whoever lacks these qualities is so nearsighted that he is blind, having forgotten that he was cleansed from his former sins.” (1:9)
4. CAUSE: “Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to make you calling and election sure, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. For in this way there will be richly provided for you an entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.” (1:10-11)
5. EFFECT: “Therefore I intend always to remind you of these qualities, though you know them and are established in the truth that you have. I think it right, as long as I am in this body, to stir you up by way of reminder, since I know that the putting off of my body will be soon, as our Lord Jesus Christ made clear to me. And I will make every effort so that after my departure you may be able at any time to recall these things.” (1:12-15)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “According to these words Peter, though he stood at a distance, must have been an eyewitness of the Savior’s death. He is careful to speak of the glory in the same breath as the sufferings, because if we endure the one, we shall share the other. Positions of influence in the Church in those days involved grave risks, but the Apostle believed that love to Christ would induce men to take the place of under-shepherds to the flock of God, and that they would use their power with gentleness, humility and holy consistency.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Christ’s Glory and the Prophetic Word): “For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty.” (1:16)
A. INFERENCE: “For when he received honor and glory from God the Father, and the voice was borne to him by the Majestic Glory, ‘This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased,’ we ourselves heard this very voice borne from heaven, for we were with him on the holy mountain.” (1:17-18)
1. FINDINGS: “And we have something more sure, the prophetic word, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.” (1:19-21)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord Jesus Christ is very merciful to us miserable sinners; and he has a fullness of grace. But even the best of God’s servants, in this life, have only a taste of the consolations of God. Christ is called a Stone, to teach his servants that he is their protection and security, the foundation on which they are built. He is precious in the excellence of his nature, the dignity of his office, and the glory of his services. All true believers are a holy priesthood; sacred to God, serviceable to others, endowed with heavenly gifts and graces. But the most spiritual sacrifices of the best in prayer and praise are not acceptable, except through Jesus Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ is the chief Corner-stone, that unites the whole number of believers into one everlasting temple, and bears the weight of the whole fabric. Elected, or chosen, for a foundation that is everlasting. Precious beyond compare, by all that can give worth. To be built on Christ means, to believe in him; but in this many deceive themselves, they consider not what it is, nor the necessity of it, to partake of the salvation he has wrought.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Though the frame of the world were falling to pieces, that man who is built on this foundation may hear it without fear. He shall not be confounded. The believing soul makes haste to Christ, but it never finds cause to hasten from him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “All true Christians are a chosen generation; they make one family, a people distinct from the world: of another spirit, principle, and practice; which they could never be, if they were not chosen in Christ to be such, and sanctified by his Spirit. Their first state is a state of gross darkness, but they are called out of darkness into a state of joy, pleasure, and prosperity; that they should show forth the praises of the Lord by their profession of his truth, and their good conduct. How vast their obligations to Him who has made them his people, and has shown mercy to them!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us not dare to abuse and affront the free grace of God, if we mean to be saved by it; but let all who would be found among those who obtain mercy, walk as his people.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

2 Peter 2:1, I. False Prophets and Teachers

I. KEY TEXT (False Prophets and Teachers): “But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who brought them, bring upon themselves swift destruction.” (2:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth will be blasphemed. And in their greed they will exploit you with false words. Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep.” (2:2-3)
1. FINDINGS: “For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; if he did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a herald of righteousness, with seven others, when he brought a flood up on the world of the ungodly; if by turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to ashes he condemned them to extinction, making them an example of what is going to happen to the ungodly; and if he rescued righteous Lot, greatly distressed by the sensual conduct of the wicked (for as that righteous man lived among them day after day, he was tormenting his righteous soul over their lawless deeds that he saw and heard); then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment, and especially those who indulge in the lust of defiling passion and despise authority.” (2:4-10)
2. CRITERIA: “Bold and willful, they do not tremble as they blaspheme the glorious ones, whereas angels, though greater in might and power do not pronounce a blasphemous judgment against them before the Lord.” (2:10-11)
3. CONDITION: “But these, like irrational animals, creatures of instinct, born to be caught and destroyed, blaspheming about matters of which they are ignorant, will also be destroyed in their destruction, suffering wrong as the wage for their wrongdoing.” (2:12-13)
4. CAUSE: “They count it pleasure to revel in the daytime. They are blots and blemishes, reveling in their deceptions, while they feast with you. The have eyes full of adultery, insatiable for sin. They entice unsteady souls. They have hearts trained in greed. Accursed children!” (2:13-14)
5. EFFECT: “Forsaking the right way, they have gone astray. They have followed the way of Balaam, the son of Beor, who loved gain from wrongdoing, but was rebuked for his own transgression; a speechless donkey spoke with human voice and restrained the prophet’s madness. These are waterless springs and mists driven by a storm. For them the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved. For, speaking loud boasts of folly, they entice by sensual passions of the flesh those who are barely escaping from those who live in error. They promise them freedom, but they themselves are slaves of corruption. For whatever overcomes a person, to that he is enslaved. For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world through the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first. For it would have been better for them never to have known the way of righteousness than after knowing it to turn back from the holy commandment delivered to them. What the true proverb says has happened to them; ‘The dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire.” (2:15-22)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us ‘who are just escaping,’ 2Peter 2:18, R.V., from the meshes of the world, beware lest we be caught in the guiles and nets of false teaching, which would drag us back into the evils of the worldly life. It is in our heart-felt union with the Lord Jesus Christ alone that we can be permanently secure.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

2 Peter 3:1, I. The Day of the Lord Will Come; II. Final Words

I. KEY TEXT (The Day of the Lord Will Come): “This is now the second letter that I am writing to you, beloved. In both of them I am stirring up your sincere mind by way of reminder, that you should remember the predictions of the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior through your apostles, knowing this first of all, that scoffers will come in the last days with scoffing, following their own sinful desires. They will say, ‘Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things are continuing as they were from the beginning of creation.’” (3:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “For they deliberately overlook this fact, that the heavens existed long ago, and the earth was formed out of water and through water by the word of God, and that by means of these the world that then existed was deluged with water and perished.” (3:5-6)
1. FINDINGS: “But by the same word the heavens and earth that now exist are stored up for fire, being kept until the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly. But do not overlook this one fact beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance. But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a roar, and the heavenly bodies will be burned up and dissolved, and the earth and the works that are done on it will be exposed.” (3:7-10)
2. CRITERIA: “Since all these things are thus to be dissolved, what sort of people ought you to be in lives of holiness and godliness, waiting for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be set on fire and dissolved, and the heavenly bodies will melt as they burn!” (3:11-12)
3. CONDITION: “But according to his promise we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.” (3:13)
4. CAUSE: “One very principal article of our faith refers to what only has a promise to rest upon, and scoffers will attack it till our Lord is come. They will not believe that he will come. Because they see no changes, therefore they fear not God, Psalm 55:19. What he never has done, they fancy he never can do, or never will do.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Had these scoffers considered the dreadful vengeance with which God swept away a whole world of ungodly men at once, surely they would not have scoffed at his threatening an equally terrible judgment. The heavens and the earth which now are, by the same word, it is declared, will be destroyed by fire. This is as sure to come, as the truth and the power of God can make it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Settle therefore in your hearts that you shall certainly be called to give an account of all things done in the body, whether good or evil. And let a humble and diligent walking before God, and a frequent judging of yourselves, show a firm belief of the future judgment, though many live as if they were never to give any account at all.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Final Words): “Therefore, beloved, since you are waiting for these, be diligent to be found by him without spot or blemish, and at peace.” (3:14)
A. INFERENCE: “And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures.” (3:15-16)
1. FINDINGS: “You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, take care that you are not carried away with the error of lawless people and lose your own stability.” (3:17)
2. CRITERIA: “But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.” (3:18)
3. CONDITION: “In twenty-four hours God can do as much as all His servants at home and abroad could not accomplish in a thousand years. According to God’s chronology, it was on the morning of yesterday that Jesus died. Be watchful. Christ’s coming is certain, but not the hour. If we are blameless now, we shall be faultless presently. See Jude 1:24.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The condition of the world calls on each of us to be holy, as the virgins in their pure dresses, with burning and well-filled lamps. See Matthew 25:1-13. This is the manner in which we may hasten the coming of the day of God. It is not enough to say, “Thy kingdom come.” Each day we should move some pebble from its pathway!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “From the doctrine of Christ’s second coming, we are exhorted to purity and godliness. This is the effect of real knowledge. Very exact and universal holiness is enjoined, not resting in any low measure or degree. True Christians look for new heavens and a new earth; freed from the vanity to which things present are subject, and the sin they are polluted with. Those only who are clothed with the righteousness of Christ, and sanctified by the Holy Ghost, shall be admitted to dwell in this holy place.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Peter set forth the coming judgments of the day of the Lord as an incentive to godly living. The “that day” (3:12) probably refers to that time when Christ hands over the reins of millennial government to God the Father, and the eternal state begins (cf. 1 Cor. 15:24–28; Rev. 21:1). For “promised” (3:13), see 1:4; 2:19; 3:4, 9, 13. The new heavens and earth were prophesied by Isaiah (Isa. 65:17; 66:22; cf. Rev. 21:1). (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)

1 John 1:1, I. The Word of Life and Walking in the Light

I. KEY TEXT (The Word of Life and Walking in the Light): “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life–the life was made manifest, and we have seen it, and testify to it and proclaim to you the eternal life, which with the Father and was made manifest to us–that which we have seen and heard we proclaim also to you, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ And we are writing these things so that our joy may be complete.” (1:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “This is the message we have heard from him and proclaim to you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say we have fellowship with him while we walk in darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth.” (1:5-6)
1. FINDINGS: “But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.” (1:7)
2. CRITERIA: “If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.” (1:8)
3. CONDITION: “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.” (1:9-10)
4. CAUSE: “The apostles had seen Him while they witnessed his wisdom and holiness, his miracles, and love and mercy, during some years, till they saw him crucified for sinners, and afterwards risen from the dead. They touched him, so as to have full proof of his resurrection.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The apostles declared what they had seen and heard, that believers might share their comforts and everlasting advantages. They had free access to God the Father. They had a happy experience of the truth in their souls, and showed its excellence in their lives. This communion of believers with the Father and the Son, is begun and kept up by the influences of the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The benefits Christ bestows, are not like the scanty possessions of the world, causing jealousies in others; but the joy and happiness of communion with God is all-sufficient, so that any number may partake of it; and all who are warranted to say, that truly their fellowship is with the Father, will desire to lead others to partake of the same blessedness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 John 2:1, I. Christ Our Advocate; II. The New Commandment; III. Do Not Love the World; IV. Warning Concerning Antichrists

I. KEY TEXT (Christ Our Advocate): “My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. ” (2:1)
A. INFERENCE: “He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.” (2:2)
1. FINDINGS: “And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments.” (2:3)
2. CRITERIA: “Whoever says ‘I know him’ but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him, but whoever keeps his word, in him truly the love of God is perfected.” (2:4-5)
3. CONDITION: “By this we may know that we are in him: whoever says he abides in him ought to walk in the same way in which he walked.” (2:5-6)
4. CAUSE: “As the aged Apostle began to write he was living over again his first happy experiences with the Savior. He heard the voice, saw the person, touched the very body in which Deity tabernacled. It was too great a bliss to be enjoyed alone, and John tells us that we may enter into the same close partnership with the Father and the Son.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But no impurity or insincerity is permissible to those who enter that fellowship. Our one aim should be to maintain such a walk with God that the union with God may be unimpaired. If there are still sins of ignorance, the blood of Jesus will continue to remove them. Sin differs from sins, as the root from the fruit.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “God does not only forgive, He cleanses. He is faithful to His promises and just to His Son. Notice the ifs of these verses and in 1John 2:1; they are a compendium of the blessed life.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The New Commandment): “Beloved, I am writing you no new commandment, but an old commandment that you had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word that you have heard.” (2:7)
A. INFERENCE: “At the same time, it is a new commandment that I am writing to you, which is true in him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true light is already shining.” (2-8)
1. FINDINGS: “Whoever says he is in the light and hates his brother is still in darkness. Whoever loves his brother abides in the light, and in him there is no cause for stumbling.” (2:9-10)
2. CRITERIA: “But whoever hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes. ‘I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven for his name’s sake. I am writing to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have overcome the evil one. I write to you, children, because you know the Father. I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abides in you, and you have overcome the evil one.” (2:11-14)
3. CONDITION: “The different descriptions of Christians are again addressed. Children in Christ know that God is their Father; it is wisdom. Those advanced believers, who know Him that was from the beginning, before this world was made, may well be led thereby to give up this world. It will be the glory of young persons to be strong in Christ, and his grace. By the word of God they overcome the wicked one.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “But especially young men in Christ Jesus, though they are arrived at strength of spirit and sound sense, and have successfully resisted first trials and temptations, breaking off bad habits and connections, and entered in at the strait gate of true conversion.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christian love teaches us to value our brother’s soul, and to dread every thing hurtful to his purity and peace. Where spiritual darkness dwells, in mind, the judgment, and the conscience will be darkened, and will mistake the way to heavenly life. These things demand serious self-examination; and earnest prayer, that God would show us what we are, and whither we are going.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is clearly possible to be kept from known and presumptuous sin. We shall be tempted, for that is an inevitable experience of life in this world; but we may be perfectly kept by the indwelling Spirit. Yet if we should be overtaken by some sudden gust of temptation, let us not despair; our Advocate ever makes intercession for us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Do Not Love the World): “Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.” (2:15)
A. INFERENCE: “For all that is in the world–the desires of the flesh and the desires of the eyes and pride in possessions–is not from the Father but is from the world.” (2:16)
1. FINDINGS: “And the world is passing away along with its desires, but whoever does the will of God abides forever.” (2:17)
2. CRITERIA: “The things of the world may be desired and possessed for the uses and purposes which God intended, and they are to be used by his grace, and to his glory; but believers must not seek or value them for those purposes to which sin abuses them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The world draws the heart from God; and the more the love of the world prevails, the more the love of God decays. The things of the world are classed according to the three ruling inclinations of depraved nature: 1. The lust of the flesh, of the body: wrong desires of the heart, the appetite of indulging all things that excite and inflame sensual pleasures; 2. The lust of the eyes: the eyes are delighted with riches and rich possessions; this is the lust of covetousness; and 3. The pride of life: a vain man craves the grandeur and pomp of a vain-glorious life; this includes thirst after honor and applause.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The things of the world quickly fade and die away; desire itself will ere long fail and cease, but holy affection is not like the lust that passes away. The love of God shall never fail.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Unless this victory over the world is begun in the heart, a man has no root in himself, but will fall away, or at most remain an unfruitful professor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Yet these vanities are so alluring to the corruption in our hearts, that without constant watching and prayer, we cannot escape the world, or obtain victory over the God and prince of it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Warning Concerning Antichrists): “Children, it is the last hour, and as you have heard that antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have come. Therefore we know that it is the last hour.” (2:18)
A. INFERENCE: “They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us. But they went out, that it might become plain that they all are not of us. But you have been anointed by the Holy One, and you all have knowledge.” (2:19-20)
1. FINDINGS: “I write to you, not because you do not know the truth, but because you know it, and because no lie is of the truth.” (2:21)
2. CRITERIA: “Who is the liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, he who denies the Father and the Son. No one who denies the Son has the Father. Whoever confesses the Son has the Father also.” (2:22-23)
3. CONDITION: “Let what you heard from the beginning abide in you. If what you heard from the beginning abides in you, then you too will abide in the Son and in the Father.” (2:24)
4. CAUSE: “And this is the promise that he made to us–eternal life.” (2:25)
5. EFFECT: “I write these things to you about those who are trying to deceive you. But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie–just as it has taught you, abide in him.” (2:26-27)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The truth of Christ, abiding in us, is a means to sever from sin, and unites us to the Son of God, John 15:3, 4.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

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