Week #151; Wed, Nov 18: 2 Timothy 3:1–Titus–Philemon–Hebrews 8:13

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

2 Timothy 3:1, I. Godlessness in the Last Days; II. All Scripture is Breathed Out by God

I. KEY TEXT (Godlessness in the Last Days): “But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty.” (3:1)
A. INFERENCE: “For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, heartless, unappeasable, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not loving good, treacherous, reckless, swollen with conceit, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, having the appearance of godliness, but denying its power. ” (3:2)
1. FINDINGS: “Avoid such people. For among them are those who creep into households and capture weak women, burdened with sins and led astray by various passions, always learning and never able to arrive at a knowledge of the truth.” (3:3-7)
2. CRITERIA: “Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so these men also oppose the truth, men corrupted in mind and disqualified regarding the faith. ” (3:8)
3. CONDITION: “But they will not get very far, for their folly will be plain to all, as was that of those two men.” (3:9)
4. CAUSE: “Even in gospel times there would be perilous times; on account of persecution from without, still more on account of corruptions within. Men love to gratify their own lusts, more than to please God and do their duty. When every man is eager for what he can get, and anxious to keep what he has, this makes men dangerous to one another. When men do not fear God, they will not regard man. 2 Timothy 3:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Men are unholy and without the fear of God, because unthankful for the mercies of God. 2 Timothy 3:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The last days of the present age are to be black and sorrowful. Sinful rejection of Christ will come to a head. We must not be misled by the wide-spread profession of the forms of religion; this may co-exist with the rankest apostasy.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (All Scripture is Breathed Out by God): “You, however, have followed my teaching, my conduct, my aim in life, my faith, my patience, my love, my steadfastness, my persecutions and sufferings that happened to me at Antioch, at Iconium, and at Lystra–which persecutions I endured; yet from them all the Lord rescued me.” (3:10-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Indeed, all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, while evil people and impostors will go on from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.” (3:12-13)
1. FINDINGS: “But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have firmly believed, knowing from whom you learned it and how from childhood you have been acquainted with the sacred writings, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.” (3:14-15)
2. CRITERIA: “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be competent, equipped for every good work.” (3:16-17)
3. CONDITION: “Those who would learn the things of God, and be assured of them, must know the Holy Scriptures, for they are the Divine revelation. The age of children is the age to learn; and those who would get true learning, must get it out of the Scriptures. 2 Timothy 3:14” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “There is something in the Scriptures suitable for every case. Oh that we may love our Bibles more, and keep closer to them! then shall we find benefit, and at last gain the happiness therein promised by faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the main subject of both Testaments. 2 Timothy 3:14” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We best oppose error by promoting a solid knowledge of the word of truth; and the greatest kindness we can do to children, is to make them early to know the Bible. 2 Timothy 3:14” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “In the stern experiences of human life there is no stay that is comparable to the Holy Scriptures. The infinite variety of Scripture adapts itself to different states of the soul. Whatever our need, we can find its solace and remedy here. Thus we may live a complete life, finding in the Bible an equipment for all our emergencies. In this armory is every weapon for offense and defense; in this pharmacopoeia is a medicine and antidote for every wound.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

2 Timothy 4:1, I. Preach the Word; II. Personal Instructions and Final Greetings

I. KEY TEXT (Preach the Word): “I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom: preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching.” (4:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths.” (4:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “As for you, always be sober-minded, endure suffering, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.” (4:5)
2. CRITERIA: “For I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my departure has come. I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.” (4:6-7)
3. CONDITION: “Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that Day, and not only to me but also to all who have loved his appearing.” (4:8)
4. CAUSE: “People will turn away from the truth, they will grow weary of the plain gospel of Christ, they will be greedy of fables, and take pleasure in them. People do so when they will not endure that preaching which is searching, plain, and to the purpose. 2 Timothy 4:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Those who love souls must be ever watchful, must venture and bear all the painful effects of their faithfulness, and take all opportunities of making known the pure gospel. 2 Timothy 4:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “To the end Paul held to the appearing of Jesus, though he might not live to see it; and it was to precede and usher in the coming of the Kingdom. The world of that time was sad and sick, and Paul’s sole panacea was the preaching of the gospel.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Personal Instructions and Final Greetings): “Do your best to come to me soon. For Demas, in love with this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica. Crescens has gone to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia. Luke alone is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is very useful to me for ministry. Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus. When you come, bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas, also the books and above all the parchments.” (4:9-13)
A. INFERENCE: “Alexander the coppersmith did me great harm; the Lord will repay him according to his deeds. Beware of him yourself, for he strongly opposed our message.” (4:14-15)
1. FINDINGS: “At my first defense no one came to stand by me, but all deserted me. May it not be charged against them!” (4:16)
2. CRITERIA: “But the Lord stood by me and strengthened me, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. So I was rescued from the lion’s mouth.” (4:17)
3. CONDITION: “The Lord will rescue me from every evil deed and bring me safely into his heavenly kingdom. To him be the glory forever and ever. Amen. Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. Erastus remained at Corinth, and I left Trophimus, who was ill, at Miletus. Do your best to come before winter. Eubulus sends greetings to you, as do Pudens and Linus and Claudia and all the brothers. The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with you.” (4:18-22)
4. CAUSE: “The time had come for him to go on board the good ship which was waiting in the offing to sail at sunset for its port of glory. He was a veteran who had fought valiantly and successfully-keeping the faith as in the old Roman story the heroes kept the bridge. But he was soon to be relieved.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The crown at the end of the course was already in sight. He was lonely-only Luke is with me. He needed to be ministered unto-take Mark. But his courage was unabated. Demas might forsake, but Christ failed not.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “A man is justified gratuitously by the merits of Christ through faith; and when he is so justified God accepts his works and honors them with a reward which is not their due, but is given of grace.” (Jamieson, Fausset, & Brown Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible)

Titus 1:1, I. Greeting; II. Qualifications for Elders

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting): “Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the sake of the faith of God’s elect and their knowledge of the truth, which accords with godliness, in hope of eternal life, which God, who never lies, promised before the ages began and at the proper time manifested in his word through the preaching with which I have been entrusted by the command of God our Savior. To Titus, my true child in a common faith: Grace and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.” (1:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “Paul’s introduction shows the scope, function, and nature of his apostleship and message. (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Paul used the term “slave of God” (1:1; ‘bond-servant of God,’ NASB) only in this letter. This term emphasized Paul’s function of doing God’s bidding.” (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Paul presented the major concern of this letter here: he desired to teach the “truth that shows them how to live godly lives.” Paul insisted that the truth of the gospel should result in personal godliness in the lives of believers.” (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “God’s elect are known by their faith, and wherever they hear the voice of truth, which makes for godliness, they recognize and acknowledge it. They are also inspired by a great hope, and that hope cannot be disappointed, because it is founded on the promise and oath of the God who cannot lie, Hebrews 6:19.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “God’s promise for us has been in His heart from all eternity, but it was hidden until the gospel was proclaimed in the power of the Holy Spirit. The germ-thought of eternity has been realized in Jesus and is unfolded in the gospel.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The gospel is truth; the great, sure, and saving truth. Divine faith rests not on fallible reasonings and profitable opinions, but on the truth itself, which leads to godliness.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “To bring to this knowledge and faith, and to the acknowledging of the truth which leads to godliness, is the great purpose of the gospel ministry.The ministry is a trust; none takes this honor , but he who is appointed to it; and whoever is appointed and called must preach the word.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Qualifications for Elders): “This is why I left you in Crete, so that you might put what remained into order, and appoint elders in every town as I directed you–if anyone is above reproach, the husband of one wife, and his children are believers and not open to the charge of debauchery or insubordination.” (1:5-6)
A. INFERENCE: “For an overseer, as God’s steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain, but hospitable, a lover of good, self-controlled, upright, holy, and disciplined.” (1:7-8)
1. FINDINGS: “He must hold firm to the trustworthy word as taught, so that he may be able to give instruction in sound doctrine and also to rebuke those who contradict it.” (1:9)
2. CRITERIA: “For there are many who are insubordinate, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision party. They must be silenced, since they are upsetting whole families by teaching for shameful gain what they ought not to teach.” (1:10-11)
3. CONDITION: “One of the Cretans, a prophet of their own, said, ‘Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.’” (1:12)
4. CAUSE: “This testimony is true. Therefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith, not devoting themselves to Jewish myths and the commands of people who turn away from the truth.” (1:13-14)
5. EFFECT: “To the pure, all things are pure, but to the defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; but both their minds and their consciences are defiled. They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable,disobedient, unfit for any good work.” (1:15)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “But the sharpest reproofs must aim at the good of the reproved; and soundness in the faith is most desirable and necessary.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Titus 2:1, I. Teach Sound Doctrine

I. KEY TEXT (Teach Sound Doctrine): “But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine.” (2:1)
A. INFERENCE: “Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness. Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good, and so train the young women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled. Likewise, urge the younger men to be self-controlled.” (2:2-6)
1. FINDINGS: “Show yourself in all respects to be a model of good works, and in your teaching show integrity, dignity, and sound speech that cannot be condemned, so that an opponent may be put to shame, having nothing evil to say about us.” (2:7-8)
2. CRITERIA: “Slaves are to be submissive to their own masters in everything; they are to be well-pleasing, not argumentative, not pilfering, but showing all good faith, so that in everything they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior.” (2:9-10)
3. CONDITION: “For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people, training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age, waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works.” (2:11-14)
4. CAUSE: “Declare these things; exhort and rebuke with all authority. Let no one disregard you.” (2:15)
5. EFFECT: “The doctrine of grace and salvation by the gospel, is for all ranks and conditions of men. It teaches to forsake sin; to have no more to do with it. An earthly, sensual conversation suits not a heavenly calling. It teaches to make conscience of that which is good. We must look to God in Christ, as the object of our hope and worship. A gospel conversation must be a godly conversation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “See our duty in a very few words; denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, living soberly, righteously, and godly, notwithstanding all snares, temptations, corrupt examples, ill usage, and what remains of sin in the believer’s heart, with all their hindrances.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Titus 3:1, I. Be Ready for Every Good Work; II. Final Instructions and Greetings

I. KEY TEXT (Be Ready for Every Good Work): “Remind them to be submissive to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready for every good work, to speak evil of no one, to avoid quarreling, to be gentle, and to show perfect courtesy toward all people.” (3:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “For we ourselves were once foolish, disobedient, led astray, slaves to various passions and pleasures, passing our days in malice and envy, hated by others and hating one another.” (3:3)
1. FINDINGS: “But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.” (3:4-7)
2. CRITERIA: “The saying is trustworthy, and I want you to insist on these things, so that those who have believed in God may be careful to devote themselves to good works. These things are excellent and profitable for people.” (3:8)
3. CONDITION: “But avoid foolish controversies, genealogies, dissensions, and quarrels about the law, for they are unprofitable and worthless.” (3:9)
4. CAUSE: “As for a person who stirs up division, after warning him once and then twice, have nothing more to do with him, knowing that such a person is warped and sinful; he is self-condemned.” (3:10-11)
5. EFFECT: “It is wise advice that we should try to shun controversy and disputations. Small benefit accrues from such methods of advancing the truth. After all, the Lord’s test is the true one for all teachings which are in question-What is their fruit? ‘By their fruits ye shall know them.’” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us, therefore, cultivate the grace and beauty, the righteousness and purity, of a holy life. Let us yield ourselves to Jesus to be wholly possessed and used by Him; and let our one aim be to get glory for Him and success for His Kingdom.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Final Instructions and Greetings): “When I send Artemas or Tychicus to you, do your best to come to me at Nicopolis, for I have decided to spend the winter there.” (3:12)
A. INFERENCE: “Do your best to speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way; see that they lack nothing.” (3:13)
1. FINDINGS: “And let our people learn to devote themselves to good works, so as to help cases of urgent need, and not be unfruitful.” (3:14)
2. CRITERIA: “All who are with me send greetings to you. Greet those who love us in the faith.” (3:15)
3. CONDITION: “Paul, having been liberated from his first imprisonment, was itinerating in Asia Minor and Macedonia, accompanied by several friends.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “He was intending to winter at Nicopolis in Epirus, and was about to send Artemas or Tychicus to relieve Titus in Crete, so that Titus might join him in the winter sojourn.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “These plans were probably canceled by his own sudden arrest at Nero’s instigation.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Grace is the chief thing to be wished and prayed for, with respect to ourselves or others; it is “all good.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Philemon 1:1, I. Greeting and Philemon’s Love and Faith; II. Paul’s Plea for Onesimus and Final Greetings

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and Philemon’s Love and Faith): “Paul, a prisoner for Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our beloved fellow worker and Apphia our sister and Archippus our fellow soldier, and the church from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (1:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “I thank my God always when I remember you in my prayers, because I hear of your love and of the faith that you have toward the Lord Jesus and for all the saints, and I pray that the sharing of your faith may become effective for the full knowledge of every good thing that is in us for the sake of Christ.” (1:4-6)
1. FINDINGS: “For I have derived much joy and comfort from your love, my brother, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you.” (1:7)
2. CRITERIA: “We must remember Christian friends much and often, as their cases may need, bearing them in our thoughts, and upon our hearts, before our God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Onesimus had known the Apostle well in the old days when Paul visited at the house of his master Philemon, who seems to have been a man of importance. His house was large enough to admit of a church assembling in it, and to accommodate the Apostle and his traveling companions when they came to the city.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Onesimus had been a runaway slave, and fleeing to Rome, had been converted by the ministry of Paul-whom I have begotten in my bonds. The converted slave had become very dear and useful to his benefactor, Philemon 1:12-13. The Apostle now sends him back to his former owner with this letter, pleading that he be once more received into the household of Philemon.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The good which Philemon did, was matter of joy and comfort to him and others, who therefore desired that he would continue and abound in good fruits, more and more, to God’s honor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Rather than trying to overthrow the cultural institution of slavery, Paul sought to work within the system, requiring that slaves obey their masters (Eph. 6:5–8; Col. 3:22–24) and that masters not mistreat their slaves (Col. 4:1; 1 Pet. 2:18–20). Although Paul seems to have been supportive of emancipation (cf. 1 Cor. 7:21), he was definitely more concerned with spiritual freedom than with the release of slaves.” (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary) We should seek similar piety and justice.

II. KEY TEXT (Paul’s Plea for Onesimus and Final Greetings): “Accordingly, though I am bold enough in Christ to command you to do what is required, yet for love’s sake I prefer to appeal to you–I, Paul, an old man and now a prisoner also for Christ Jesus–I appeal to you for my child, Onesimus, whose father I became in my imprisonment.” (1:8-10)
A. INFERENCE: “(Formerly he was useless to you, but now he is indeed useful to you and to me.) I am sending him back to you, sending my very heart.” (1:11-12)
1. FINDINGS: “I would have been glad to keep him with me, in order that he might serve me on your behalf during my imprisonment for the gospel, but I preferred to do nothing without your consent in order that your goodness might not be by compulsion but of your own accord. For this perhaps is why he was parted from you for a while that you might have him back forever, no longer as a slave but more than a slave, as a beloved brother–especially to me, but how much more to you, both in the flesh and in the Lord.” (1:13-16)
2. CRITERIA: “So if you consider me your partner, receive him as you would receive me. If he has wronged you at all, or owes you anything charge that to my account. I, Paul, write this with my own hand: I will repay it–to say nothing of your owing me even your own self.” (1:17-19)
3. CONDITION: “Yes, brother; I want some benefit from you in the Lord. Refresh my heart in Christ. Confident of your obedience, I write to you, knowing that you will do even more than I say.” (1:20-21)
4. CAUSE: “At the same time, prepare a guest room for me, for I am hoping that through your prayers I will be graciously given to you.” (1:22)
5. EFFECT: “Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus, sends greetings to you, and so do Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, and Luke, my fellow workers. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.” (1:23-25)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Paul delicately reminds his friend, in Philemon 1:19, that Philemon owed him a great deal more than a trifle of money, namely, his spiritual life. Does not our Lord address us in similar terms? We surely owe ourselves to Him!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Hebrews 1:1, I. The Supremacy of God’s Son

I. KEY TEXT (The Supremacy of God’s Son): “Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.” (1:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “For to which of the angels did God ever say, ‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you’? Or again, ‘I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son’? And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, ‘Let all God’s angels worship him.’ Of the angels he says, ‘He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.’ But of the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions.’ And, ‘You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands; they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment, like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. But you are same, and your years will have no end.’ And to which of the angels has he ever said, ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet’?” (1:5-13)
1. FINDINGS: “Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?” (1:14)
2. CRITERIA: “Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ’s being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “To prove this, several passages are brought from the Old Testament. On comparing what God there says of the angels, with what he says to Christ, the inferiority of the angels to Christ plainly appears.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is declared how Christ was qualified for the office of Mediator, and how he was confirmed in it: he has the name Messiah from his being anointed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . he is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary) We need to remember this.

Hebrews 2:1, I. Warning Against Neglecting Salvation; II. The Founder of Salvation

I. KEY TEXT (Warning Against Neglecting Salvation): “Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it.” (2:1)
A. INFERENCE: “For since the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and every transgression or disobedience received a just retribution, how shall we escape if we neglect such a great salvation?” (2:2-3)
1. FINDINGS: “It was declared at first by the Lord, and it was attested to us by those who heard, while God also bore witness by signs and wonders and various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to his will.” (2:3-4)
2. CRITERIA: “Unless we watch, the strong currents of the world will drift us away from God’s great harbor of Salvation; and sins against His offered love are even more to be dreaded than those under the ancient Law.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “To neglect is the equivalent of to reject.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Our minds and memories are like a leaky vessel, they do not, without much care, retain what is poured into them. This proceeds from the corruption of our nature, temptations, worldly cares, and pleasures. Sinning against the gospel is neglect of this great salvation; it is a contempt of the saving grace of God in Christ, making light of it, not caring for it, not regarding either the worth of gospel grace, or the want of it, and our undone state without it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Lord’s judgments under the gospel dispensation are chiefly spiritual, but are on that account the more to be dreaded. Here is an appeal to the consciences of sinners.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Even partial neglects will not escape rebukes; they often bring darkness on the souls they do not finally ruin.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary) Do not be a leaky vessel; constantly plug up the leaks.

II. KEY TEXT (The Founder of Salvation): “Now it was not to angels that God subjected the world to come, of which we are speaking. It has been testified somewhere, ‘What is man, that you are mindful of him, or the son of man, that you care for him? You made him for a little while lower than the angels; you have crowned him with glory and honor, putting everything in subjection under his feet.’ Now in putting everything in subjection to him, he left nothing outside his control. At present, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him. But we see him who for a little while was made lower than the angels, namely Jesus, crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.” (2:5-9)
A. INFERENCE: “For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering. For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one source. That is why he is not ashamed to call them brothers, saying, ‘I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise.’ And again, ‘I will put my trust in him.’ And again, ‘Behold, I and the children God has given me.’” (2:10-13)
1. FINDINGS: “Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is the devil, and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery.” (2:14-15)
2. CRITERIA: “For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham.” (2:16)
3. CONDITION: “Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.” (2:17)
4. CAUSE: “For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.” (2:18)
5. EFFECT: “Our Elder Brother has encountered our foes, and won deliverance for all who believe. Death remains, but its teeth are drawn and its power is annulled. We need not fear what men call death; to us it is only as falling asleep.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He has made reconciliation for our sins, and as our merciful and faithful High Priest, pleads the cause of our souls.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary) Claim it.

Hebrews 3:1, I. Jesus Greater Than Moses; II. A Rest for the People of God

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Greater Than Moses): “Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession, who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God’s house.” (3:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses–as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself. (For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God.)” (3:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “Now Moses was faithful in all God’s house as a servant, to testify to the things that were to be spoken later, but Christ is faithful over God’s house as a son.” (3:5-6)
2. CRITERIA: “And we are his house if indeed we hold fast our confidence and our boasting in our hope.” (3:6)
3. CONDITION: “He was and is as much greater than Moses as the architect than the foreman and the son than the servant.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Every meditation on his person and his salvation, will suggest more wisdom, new motives to love, confidence, and obedience.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is not enough to begin the Christian race; we must hold fast our confidence and hope to the end.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “There must not only be setting out well in the ways of Christ, but steadfastness and perseverance therein to the end.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (A Rest for the People of God): “Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden you hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness, where your fathers put me to the test and saw my works for forty years. Therefore I was provoked with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart; they have not known my ways.’ As I swore in my wrath, ‘They shall not enter my rest.’” (3:7-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God.” (3:12)
1. FINDINGS: “But exhort one another every day, as long as it is called ‘today,’ that none of you may be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. For we have com to share in Christ, if indeed we hold our original confidence firm to the end.” (3:13-14)
2. CRITERIA: “As it is said, ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.’” (3:15)
3. CONDITION: “For who were those who heard and yet rebelled? Was it not all those who left Egypt led by Moses? And with whom was he provoked for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness? ” (3:16-17)
4. CAUSE: “And to whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, but to those who were disobedient?” (3:18)
5. EFFECT: “So we see that they were unable to enter because of unbelief.” (3:19)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe.

Hebrews 4:1, I. Let us Fear; II. Jesus the Great High Priest

I. KEY TEXT (Let us Fear): “Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it.” (4:1)
A. INFERENCE: “For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united by faith with those who listened.” (4:2)
1. FINDINGS: “For we who have believed enter that rest, as he has said, ‘As I swore in my wrath, They shall not enter my rest,’ although his works were finished from the foundation of the world.” (4:3)
2. CRITERIA: “For he has somewhere spoken of the seventh day in this way: ‘And God rested on the seventh day from all his works. And again in this passage he said, ‘They shall not enter my rest.’” (4:4-5)
3. CONDITION: “Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of disobedience, again he appoints a certain day, ‘Today,’ saying through David so long afterward, in the words already quoted, ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.’” (4:6-7)
4. CAUSE: “For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of another day later on. So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God, for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his.” (4:8-10)
5. EFFECT: “Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience. For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart. And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.” (4:11-13)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Still men disbelieve and disobey; still they doubt that God is able; still they err in their hearts and therefore fail to understand with their heads; still they wander to and fro, with weary souls and restless feet. But if they who failed to believe in words given by Moses were wrapped around by the winding sheets of sand, what will not be the fate of those who refuse the words of Christ!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary) Believe the words of Christ.

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus the Great High Priest): “Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” (4:14-15)
A. INFERENCE: “Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.” (4:16)
1. FINDINGS: “For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is beset with weakness. Because of this he is obligated to offer sacrifice for his own sins just as he does for those of the people.” (5:1-3)
2. CRITERIA: “And no one takes this honor for himself, but only when called by God, just as Aaron was.” (5:4)
3. CONDITION: “So also Christ did not exalt himself to be made a high priest, but was appointed by him who said to him, ‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you’; as he says also in another place, ‘You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek.’” (5:5-6)
4. CAUSE: “In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence.” (5:7)
5. EFFECT: “Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by God a high priest after the order of Melchizedek.” (5:8-10)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Having to act for men, our High Priest must be man, acquainted with human conditions; having to do with God, he must be appointed by God. Is there one of us that is not conscious of liability to ignorance and wandering? We all evermore need the high priesthood of Jesus.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Hebrews 5:11, I. Warning Against Apostasy

I. KEY TEXT (Warning Against Apostasy): “About this we have much to say, and it is hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.” (5:11)
A. INFERENCE: “For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the basic principles of the oracles of God. You need milk, not solid food, for everyone who lives on milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, since he is a child.” (5:12-13)
1. FINDINGS: “But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their power of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.” (5:14)
2. CRITERIA: “Many cannot get their spiritual nutrition direct from God’s Word, but have to live on what others have obtained and have passed on in speech or book. Seek a first-hand acquaintance with the things of God. We grow by feeding and exercise.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “So long as men continue to tread the love of God under foot, they cannot repent and be restored. The failure, as with unproductive soil, is not on account of a failure of heaven, but because the soil is hard and obdurate. If we are unproductive, it is due to our own hard-heartedness.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Being made perfect for this great work, he is become the Author of eternal salvation to all that obey him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ has left us an example that we should learn humble obedience to the will of God, by all our afflictions. We need affliction, to teach us submission. His obedience in our nature encourages our attempts to obey, and for us to expect support and comfort under all the temptations and sufferings to which we are exposed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Feed on God’s word and exercise it.

Hebrews 6:1, I. Let Us Go On to Maturity; II. The Certainty of God’s Promise

I. KEY TEXT (Let Us Go On to Maturity): “Therefore let us leave the elementary doctrine of Christ and go on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, and of instruction about washings, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. And this we will do if God permits” (6:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, to restore them again to repentance, since they are crucifying once again the Son of God to their own harm and holding him up to contempt.” (6:4-6)
1. FINDINGS: “For land that has drunk the rain that often falls on it, and produces a crop useful to those for whose sake it is cultivated, receives a blessing from God.” (6:7)
2. CRITERIA: “But if it bears thorns and thistles, it is worthless and near to being cursed, and its end is to be burned.” (6:8)
3. CONDITION: “Though we speak in this way, yet in your case, beloved, we feel sure of better things–things that belong to salvation.” (6:9)
4. CAUSE: “For God is not unjust so as to overlook your work and the love that you have shown for his name in serving the saints, as you still do.” (6:10)
5. EFFECT: “And we desire each one of you to show the same earnestness to have the full assurance of hope until the end, so that you may not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.” (6:11-12)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The keynote of this passage is patient continuance. We should seek not only faith but its accompaniments. It is not enough to manifest faith, hope and love, but to continue to do so unto the end. Notice that the two conditions on which the promises are inherited are faith and patience.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Certainty of God’s Promise): “For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater by whom to swear, he swore by himself, saying, ‘Surely I will bless you and multiply you.’” (6:13-14)
A. INFERENCE: “And thus Abraham, having patiently waited, obtained the promise. For people swear by something greater than themselves, and in all their disputes an oath is final for confirmation.” (6:15)
1. FINDINGS: “So when God desired to show more convincingly to the heirs of the promise the unchangeable character of his purpose, he guaranteed it with an oath, so that by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled for refuge might have strong encouragement to hold fast to the hope set before us.” (6:16-18)
2. CRITERIA: “We have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters into the inner place behind the curtain, where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having become a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.” (6:19-20)
3. CONDITION: “God’s promise and oath are a double door, behind which they who have fled for refuge are safe–a double window beyond which all noise dies down. The allusion is either to the cities of refuge, or to a ship safely riding out the storm. Hope is sure, because the anchor has fastened in a sure ground; steadfast, because its cable will not snap in the strain; and entering, etc., because it unites us to the unseen. Jesus has taken our anchor into the inner harbor, and has dropped it down into the clear, still water there.” (F. B Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “We are in this world as a ship at sea, tossed up and down, and in danger of being cast away. We need an anchor to keep us sure and steady. Gospel hope is our anchor in the storms of this world. It is sure and steadfast, or it could not keep us so. The free grace of God, the merits and mediation of Christ, and the powerful influences of his Spirit, are the grounds of this hope, and so it is a steadfast hope.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ is the object and ground of the believer’s hope.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us therefore set our affections on things above, and wait patiently for his appearance, when we shall certainly appear with him in glory.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Hebrews 7:1, I. The Priestly Order of Melchizedek; II. Jesus Compared to Melchizedek

I. KEY TEXT (The Priestly Order of Melchizedek: “For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything. He is first, by translation of his name, king of righteousness, and then he is also king of Salem, that is, king of peace. He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever.” (7:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “See how great this man was to whom Abraham the patriarch gave a tenth of the spoils!” (7:4)
1. FINDINGS: “And those descendants of Levi who receive the priestly office have a commandment in the law to take tithes from the people, that is, from their brothers, though these also are descended from Abraham.” (7:5)
2. CRITERIA: “But this man who does not have his descent from them received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises.” (7:6)
3. CONDITION: “It is beyond dispute that the inferior is blessed by the superior. In the one case tithes are received by mortal men, but in the other case, by one of whom it is testified that he lives.” (7:7-8)
4. CAUSE: “One might even say that Levi himself, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, for he was still in the loins of his ancestor when Melchizedek met him.” (7:9-10)
5. EFFECT: “The one thing for us to notice is that Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, thus confessing him to be the greater. Levi was, so to speak, included in his grandfather’s act, so that the Hebrew priesthood, which sprang from Levi, was confessedly inferior to Melchizedek’s. If, then, Melchizedek is a type of Christ, we are taught that Christ’s priesthood is evidently and eternally superior to all other priesthoods whatsoever.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us go forth in our spiritual conflicts, trusting in his word and strength, ascribing our victories to his grace, and desiring to be met and blessed by him in all our ways.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Compared to Melchizedek): “Now if perfection had been attainable through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need would there have been for another priest to arise after the order of Melchizedek, rather than one named after the order of Aaron?” (7:11)
A. INFERENCE: “For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well. For the one of whom these things are spoken belonged to another tribe, from which no one has ever served at the altar.” (7:12-13)
1. FINDINGS: “For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.” (7:14)
2. CRITERIA: “This becomes even more evident when another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek, who has become a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement concerning bodily descent, but by the power of an indestructible life. For it is witnessed of him, ‘You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek.’” (7:15-17)
3. CONDITION: “For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.” (7:18-19)
4. CAUSE: “And it was not without an oath. For those who formerly became priests were made such without an oath, but this one was made priest with an oath by the one who said to him: ‘The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever.’ This makes Jesus the guarantor of a better covenant.” (7:20-22)
5. EFFECT: “The former priests were many in number, because they were prevented by death from continuing in office, but he holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever. Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them. For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. He has no need like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself. For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.” (7:23-28)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is hard to keep ourselves pure, so as not to partake the guilt of other men’s sins. But none need be dismayed who come to God in the name of his beloved Son. Let them be assured that he will deliver them in the time of trial and suffering, in the time of prosperity, in the hour of death, and in the day of judgment.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Hebrews 8:1, I. Jesus, High Priest of a Better Covenant

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus, High Priest of a Better Covenant): “Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man. For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices; thus it is necessary for this priest also to have something to offer.” (8:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, since there are priests who offer gifts according to the law. They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, ‘See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.’” (8:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises.” (8:6)
2. CRITERIA: “For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.” (8:7)
3. CONDITION: “For he finds fault with them when he says” ‘Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.’” (8:8-12)
4. CAUSE: “In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.” (8:13)
5. EFFECT: “A covenant is a promise, made on conditions to be fulfilled, and attested by an outward sign, like the rainbow, or circumcision, or the Lord’s Supper. The covenant under which we live is between God and Christ on behalf of those who belong to Him.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need not ask that God should do as he has said, but with lowly reverence expect that He will-especially when we drink of the cup of the New Covenant at the Lord’s table.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

2 thoughts on “Week #151; Wed, Nov 18: 2 Timothy 3–Titus–Philemon–Hebrews 8

  1. Only made it through Titus so far in this weeks post. The truth of the first few verses about the nature of man is strikingly applicable to our day and age! Really love the quote from Meyer at the end of 2Tim 3!

    Also love the practical teaching from Titus. So much there to guide our daily walk.

    Look forward to Philemon and starting Hebrews!!

    1. Great comment Steve. I started to take the time when I assembled this post to enter all five crowns; I’ll cite them now:
      1. 2 Timothy 4:8–The crown of righteousness
      2. 1 Peter 5:4–The crown of glory
      3. Revelation 2:10–The crown of life
      4. 1 Corinthians 9:24–The crown of imperishably
      5. 1 Thessalonians 2:19–The crown of joy, rejoicing
      Great observation. A

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