Week #150; Wed, Nov 11: 1 Thessalonians 3:1–1 & 2 Timothy 2:26

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

1 Thessalonians 3:1, I. Timothy Sent Ahead; II. Timothy’s Encouraging Report

I. KEY TEXT (Timothy Sent Ahead): “Therefore when we could bear it no longer, we were willing to be left behind at Athens alone, and we sent Timothy, our brother and God’s coworker in the gospel of Christ, to establish and exhort you in your faith, that no one me moved by these afflictions. For you yourselves know that we are destined for this.” (3:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “For when we were with you, we kept telling you beforehand that we were to suffer affliction, just as it has come to pass, and just as you know.” (3:4)
1. FINDINGS: “For this reason, when I could bear it no longer, I sent to learn about your faith, for fear that somehow the tempter had tempted you and our labor would be in vain.” (3:5)
2. CRITERIA: “At the outset observe that marginal reading by which Timothy is described as a fellow-worker with God. What a wonderful phrase, and yet it is applicable to all true workers for God! No thought of his own comfort interfered with Paul’s efforts for the young churches he had planted; he was only eager that they should be established and comforted amid the storm of persecution that swept over them.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The more we find pleasure in the ways of God, the more we shall desire to persevere therein. The apostle’s design was to establish and comfort the Thessalonians as to the object of their faith, that Jesus Christ was the Savior of the world; and as to the recompense of faith, which was more than enough to make up all their losses, and to reward all their labors.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christians were in danger, and they should be forewarned; they will thus be kept from being improved by any devices of the tempter.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “He only longed that Christ would make a straight thoroughfare to them, and would keep them blameless and strong.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Paul spoke to please God, not people;” we should do likewise by strengthening and encouraging other in the faith. (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Timothy’s Encouraging Report): “But now that Timothy has come to us from you, and has brought us the good news of your faith and love and reported that you always remember us kindly and long to see us, as we long to see you–for this reason, brothers, in all our distress and affliction we have been comforted about you through your faith.” (3:6-7)
A. INFERENCE: “For now we live, if you are standing fast in the Lord. For what thanksgiving can we return to God for you, for all the joy that we feel for your sake before our God, as we pray most earnestly night and day that we may see you face to face and supply what is lacking in your faith?” (3:8-10)
1. FINDINGS: “Now may our God and Father himself, and our Lord Jesus, direct our way to you, and may the Lord make you increase and abound in love for one another and for all, as we do for you, so that he may establish your hearts blameless in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints.” (3:11-13)
2. CRITERIA: “Prayer is religious worship, and all religious worship is due unto God only. Prayer is to be offered to God as our Father. Prayer is not only to be offered in the name of Christ, but offered up to Christ himself, as our Lord and our Savior. Let us acknowledge God in all our ways, and he will direct our paths.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “We are not to probe God’s secret eternal councils. Instead, we are called to love and share the gospel with people. Only when they truly turn to Christ do we learn of their prior election.” (Systematic Theology Study Bible: Salvation, Theology for Life)
4. CAUSE: “Christ died for us, that, living and dying, we might be his; that we might live to him wile we are here, and live with him when we go from here.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Several duties: 1. Comfort themselves, or exhort one another, and edify one another; 2. Labor among the people, labor with diligence; Live in peace with each other.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We must seek to do what is pleasing to God.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

1 Thessalonians 4:1, I. A Life Pleasing to God; II. The Coming of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT (A Life Pleasing to God): “Finally, then, brothers, we ask and urge you in the Lord Jesus, that as you received from us how you ought to walk and to please God, just as you are doing, that you do so more and more.” (4:1)
A. INFERENCE: “For you know what instructions we gave you through the Lord Jesus. For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality; that each one of you know how to control his own body in holiness and honor, not in the passion of lust like the Gentiles who do not know God; that no one transgress and wrong his brother in this matter, because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as we told you beforehand and solemnly warned you.” (4:2-6)
1. FINDINGS: “For God has not called us for impurity, but in holiness. Therefore whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you. ” (4:7-8)
2. CRITERIA: “Now concerning brotherly love you have no need for anyone to write to you, for you yourselves have been taught by God to love one another, for that indeed is what you are doing to all the brothers throughout Macedonia. But we urge you, brothers, to do this more and more, and aspire to live quietly and to mind your own affairs, and to work with your hands, as we instructed you, so that you may walk properly before outsiders and be dependent on no one.” (4:9-12)
3. CONDITION: “We should notice in others what is good, to their praise, that we may engage them to abound therein more and more. All who are savingly taught of God, are taught to love one another.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The teaching of the Spirit exceeds the teachings of men; and men’s teaching is vain and useless, unless God teach. Those remarkable for this or any other grace, need to increase therein, as well as to persevere to the end.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christianity does not take us from the work and duty of our particular callings, but teaches us to be diligent therein. People often by slothfulness reduce themselves to great straits, and are liable to many wants; while such as are diligent in their own business, earn their own bread, and have great pleasure in so doing.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is well to bring up every child to know one means of livelihood, and children are much more likely to grow up into noble and useful people, if they are encouraged to work for their living. Do something in the world!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Coming of the Lord): “But we do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about those who are asleep, that you may not grieve as others do who have no hope. For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep.” (4:13-4)
A. INFERENCE: “For this we declare to you by a word from the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. ” (4:15)
1. FINDINGS: “For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.” (4:16-17)
2. CRITERIA: “Therefore encourage one another with these words.” (4:18)
3. CONDITION: “Here is comfort for the relations and friends of those who die in the Lord. Grief for the death of friends is lawful; we may weep for our own loss, though it may be their gain. Christianity does not forbid, and grace does not do away, our natural affections. Yet we must not be excessive in our sorrows; this is too much like those who have no hope of a better life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Death is an unknown thing, and we know little about the state after death; yet the doctrines of the resurrection and the second coming of Christ, are a remedy against the fear of death, and undue sorrow for the death of our Christian friends; and of these doctrines we have full assurance.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It will be some happiness that all the saints shall meet, and remain together for ever; but the principal happiness of heaven is to be with the Lord, to see him, live with him, and enjoy him for ever.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should support one another in times sorrow; not deaden one another’s spirits, or weaken one another’s hands. And this may be done by the many lessons to be learned from the resurrection of the dead, and the second coming of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Thessalonians 5:1, I. The Day of the Lord; II. Final Instructions and Benediction

I. KEY TEXT (The Day of the Lord): “Now concerning the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need to have anything written to you. For you yourselves are fully aware that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.” (5:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “While people are saying, ‘There is peace and security,’ then sudden destruction will come upon them as labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.” (5:3)
1. FINDINGS: “But you are not in darkness, brothers, for that day to surprise you like a thief. For you are all children of light, children of the day. We are not of the night or of the darkness.” (5:4-5)
2. CRITERIA: “So then let us not sleep, as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober. For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, are drunk at night.” (5:6-7)
3. CONDITION: “But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and for the helmet of hope of salvation.” (5:8)
4. CAUSE: “For God has not destined us for wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us so that whether we are awake or asleep we might live with him.” (5:9-10)
5. EFFECT: “Therefore encourage one another and build one another up, just as you are doing.” (5:11)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should join in prayer and praise one with another. We should set a good example one before another, and this is the best means to answer the end of society. Thus we shall learn how to live to Him, with whom we hope to live for ever.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Final Instructions and Benediction): “We ask you, brothers, to respect those who labor among you and are over you in the Lord and admonish you, and to esteem them very highly in love because of their work. Be at peace among yourselves.” (5:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “And we urge you, brothers, admonish the idle, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with them all.” (5:14)
1. FINDINGS: “See that no one repays anyone evil for evil, but always seek to do good to one another and to everyone.” (5:15)
2. CRITERIA: “Rejoice always, pray without ceasing, give thanks in all circumstances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you. Do not quench the Spirit. Do not despise prophesies, but test everything; hold fast what is good. Abstain from every form of evil.” (5:16-22)
3. CONDITION: “No may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. He who calls you is faithful; he will surely do it.” (5:23)
4. CAUSE: “Brothers, pray for us. Greet all the brothers with a holy kiss. I put you under oath before the Lord to have this letter read to all the brothers.” (5:24-27)
5. EFFECT: “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.” (5:28)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The apostle prays that they might be sanctified more perfectly, for the best are sanctified but in part while in this world; therefore we should pray for, and press toward, complete holiness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

2 Thessalonians: 1:1, I. Greeting and Thanksgiving, II. The Judgment at Christ’s Coming

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and Thanksgiving): “Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “We ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers, as is right, because your faith is growing abundantly, and the love of everyone of you for one another is increasing. ” (1:3)
1. FINDINGS: “Therefore we ourselves boast about you in the churches of God for your steadfastness and faith in all your persecutions and in the afflictions that you are enduring.” (1:4)
2. CRITERIA: “Notice the remarkable couplets of this chapter. Grace and peace, 2 Thessalonians 1:2; faith and love, 2 Thessalonians 1:3; faith and patience, 2 Thessalonians 1:4” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Where there is the truth of grace, there will be an increase of it. The path of the just is as the shining light, which shines more and more unto the perfect day. And where there is the increase of grace, God must have all the glory. Where faith grows, love will abound, for faith works by love.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It shows faith and patience, such as may be proposed as a pattern for others, when trials from God, and persecutions from men, quicken the exercise of those graces; for the patience and faith of which the apostle gloried, bore them up, and enabled them to endure all their tribulations.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Thessalonians went through much criticism and hostility because they had believed Paul’s message about Christ. The message of great blessing in Christ seemed a bit contradictory to their experience of persecution. Not only did they have questions and worries about what God was doing, they also needed confirmation that Paul, the one who first brought the gospel to them, was trustworthy. (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “This letter should help believers to become honestly and deeply convinced that what God is allowing to happen is part of his process of justice. The temptation is to quietly think that God is not being fair. But the proper balance will come when believers learn to be content with present suffering without blaming God.” (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Judgment at Christ’s Coming): “This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering–” (1:5)
A. INFERENCE: “–since indeed God considers it just to repay with affliction those who afflict you, and to grant relief to you who are afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.” (1:6-8)
1. FINDINGS: “They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, when he comes on the day to be glorified in his saints, and to be marveled at among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed.” (1:9-10)
2. CRITERIA: “To this end we always pray for you, that our God may make you worthy of his calling and may fulfill every resolve for good and every work of faith by his power, so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (1:11-12)
3. CONDITION: “Knowledge of Christ’s future return was to encourage powerful works of faith. The believers were to glorify Christ in the present (1:12), and he would be glorified in the believers at his return (1:10). (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “ The Jews were the instigators of the populace and of the magistrates against Christians (Acts 17:6, 8). (Jamieson, Fausset, & Brown Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible)
5. EFFECT: “Believing thoughts and expectations of the second coming of Christ should lead us to pray to God more, for ourselves and others. If there is any good in us, it is owing to the good pleasure of his goodness, and therefore it is called grace. There are many purposes of grace and goodwill in God toward his people, and the apostle prays that God would complete in them the work of faith with power.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe, abide, and obey Jesus Christ through God’s grace and the power of the Holy Spirit.

2 Thessalonians 2:1, I. The Man of Lawlessness; II. Stand Firm

I. KEY TEXT (The Man of Lawlessness): “Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we ask you, brothers, not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by a spirit or a spoken word, or a letter seeming to be from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come.” (2:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God. Do you not remember that when I was still with you I told you these things? And you know what is restraining him now so that he may be revealed in this time.” (2:3-6)
1. FINDINGS: “For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work. Only he who now restrains it will do so until he is out of the way. And then the lawlessness one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth and bring to nothing by the appearance of his coming.” (2:7-8)
2. CRITERIA: “The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved.” (2:9-10)
3. CONDITION: “Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false, in order that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.” (2:11-12)
4. CAUSE: “They did not love the truth, and therefore did not believe it; and they were pleased with false notions. God leaves them to themselves, then sin will follow of course, and spiritual judgments here, and eternal punishments hereafter.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The pure word of God, with the Spirit of God, will discover this mystery of iniquity, and in due time it shall be destroyed by the brightness of Christ’s coming.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Study hard and know God’s word.

II. KEY TEXT (Stand Firm): “But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.” (2:13)
A. INFERENCE: “To this he called you through our gospel, so that you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (2:14)
1. FINDINGS: “So then, brothers, stand firm and hold to the traditions that you were taught by us, either by our spoken word or by our letter.” (2:15)
2. CRITERIA: “Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father, who loved us and gave us eternal comfort and good hope through grace, comfort your hearts and establish them in every good work and word.” (2:16-17)
3. CONDITION: “When we hear of the apostasy of many, it is a great comfort and joy, that there is a remnant according to the election of grace, which does and shall persevere; especially we should rejoice, if we have reason to hope that we are of that number. The preservation of the saints, is because God loved them with an everlasting love, from the beginning of the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Faith and holiness must be joined together as well as holiness and happiness. The outward call of God is by the gospel; and this is rendered effectual by the inward working of the Spirit. The belief of the truth brings the sinner to rely on Christ, and so to love and obey him; it is sealed by the Holy Spirit upon his heart.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We have no certain proof of any thing having been delivered by the apostles, more than what we find contained in the Holy Scriptures.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us then stand fast in the doctrines taught by the apostles, and reject all additions, and vain traditions.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

2 Thessalonians 3:1, I. Pray for Us; II. Warning Against Idleness; III. Benediction

I. KEY TEXT (Pray for Us): “Finally, brothers, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may speed ahead and be honored, as happened among you, and that we may be delivered from wicked and evil men. For not all have faith.” (3:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “But the Lord is faithful. He will establish you and guard you against the evil one.” (3:3)
1. FINDINGS: “And we have confidence in the Lord about you, that you are doing and will do the things that we command.” (3:4)
2. CRITERIA: “May the Lord direct your hearts to the love of God and to the steadfastness of Christ.” (3:5)
3. CONDITION: “If, by the special grace of God, we have that faith which multitudes have not, we should earnestly pray that we may be enabled, without reserve, to obey his commands, and that we may be enabled, without reserve, to the love of God, and the patience of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is our sin and our misery, that we place our affections upon wrong objects. There is not true love of God, without faith in Jesus Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The best attitude for those that look for their Lord is not in pressing their faces against the oriel window, to behold the chariot of their returning Master, but in plying their toil with deft hands and consecrated hearts.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Seek out, close with, and claim faith in Jesus Christ.

II. KEY TEXT (Warning Against Idleness): “Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep away from any brother who is walking in idleness and not in accord with the tradition that you received from us.” (3:6)
A. INFERENCE: “For you yourselves know how you ought to imitate us, because we were not idle when we were with you, nor did we eat anyone’s bread without paying for it, but with toil and labor we worked night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you. It was not because we do not have that right, but to give you in ourselves ‘an example to imitate.” (3:7-9)
1. FINDINGS: “For even when we were with you, we would give you this command: If anyone is not willing to work, let him not eat.” (3:10)
2. CRITERIA: “For we hear that some among you walk in idleness, not busy at work, but busybodies.” (3:11)
3. CONDITION: “Now such persons we command end encourage in the Lord Jesus Christ to do their work quietly and to earn their own living.” (3:12)
4. CAUSE: “As for you, brothers, do not grow weary in doing good. If anyone does not obey what we say in this letter, take note of that person, and have nothing to do with him, that he may be ashamed.” (3:13-14)
5. EFFECT: “Do not regard him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother.” (3:15)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Do not be idle and warn others not to be idle.

III. KEY TEXT (Benediction): “Now may the Lord of peace himself give you peace at all times in every way. The Lord be with you all.” (3:16)
A. INFERENCE: “I Paul, write this greeting with my own hand.” (3:17)
1. FINDINGS: “This is the sign of genuineness in every letter of mine; it is the way I write.” (3:18)
2. CRITERIA: “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.” (3:18)
3. CONDITION: “It is through the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that we hope to have peace with God, and to enjoy the presence of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “We need nothing more to make us safe and happy, nor can we desire any thing better for ourselves and our friends, than to have God’s gracious presence with us and them. No matter where we are, if God be with us; nor who is absent, if God be present.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Peace by all means; in every way; that, as they enjoyed the means of grace, they might use all methods to secure peace.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Pray for grace and faith.

1 Timothy:1, I. Greeting and Warning Against False Teachers; II. Jesus Came to Save Sinners

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and Warning Against False Teachers): “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope. To Timothy, my true child in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “As I urged you when I was going to Macedonia, remain at Ephesus so that you may charge certain persons not to teach any different doctrine, nor to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies, which promote speculations rather than the stewardship from God that is by faith.” (1:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “The aim of our charge is love that issues from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith.” (1:5)
2. CRITERIA: “Certain persons, by swerving from these, have wandered away into vain discussion, desiring to be teachers of the law, without understanding either what they are saying or the things about which they make confident assertions.” (1:7)
3. CONDITION: “Now we know that the law is good, if one uses it lawfully, understanding this, that the law is not laid down for the just but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for those who strike their fathers and mothers, for murderers, the sexually immoral, men who practice homosexuality, enslavers, liars, perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound doctrine, in accordance with the gospel of the glory of the blessed God with which I have been entrusted.” (1:8-11)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus Christ is a Christian’s hope; all our hopes of eternal life are built upon him; and Christ is in us the hope of glory.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “That which raises questions, is not for edifying; that which gives occasion for doubtful disputes, pulls down the church rather than builds it up. Godliness of heart and life can only be kept up and increased, by the exercise of faith in the truths and promises of God, through Jesus Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Test by asking: ‘Do these words of theirs promote the health of the soul, and above all, love out of a pure heart and a good conscience?’” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Came to Save Sinners): “I thank him who has given me strength, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he judged me faithful, appointing me to his service, though formerly I was a blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent.” (1:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “But I received mercy because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, and the grace of our Lord overflowed for me with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus.” (1:14)
1. FINDINGS: “The saying is trustworthy and deserving of full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am the foremost.” (1:15)
2. CRITERIA: “But I received mercy for this reason, that in me, as the foremost, Jesus Christ might display his perfect patience as an example to those who were to believe in him for eternal life.” (1:16)
3. CONDITION: “To the King of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.” (1:17)
4. CAUSE: “This charge I entrust to you, Timothy my child, in accordance with the prophecies previously made about you, that by them you may wage the good warfare, holding faith and a good conscience.” (1:18)
5. EFFECT: “By rejecting this, some have made shipwreck of their faith, among whom are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan that they may learn not to blaspheme.” (1:19-20)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Keep the faith; believe in him for eternal life.

1 Timothy 2:1, I. Pray for All People

I. KEY TEXT (Pray for All People): “First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way.” (2:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.” (2:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all which is the testimony given at the proper time.” (2:5-6)
2. CRITERIA: “For this I was appointed a preacher and an apostle (I am telling the truth, I am not lying), a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.” (1:7)
3. CONDITION: “I desire then that in every place the men should pray, lifting holy hands without anger or quarreling; likewise also that women should adorn themselves in respectable apparel, with modesty and self-control, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly attire, but with what is proper for women who profess godliness–with good works. Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness. I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.” (1:8-13)
4. CAUSE: “For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor.” (1:14)
5. EFFECT: “Yet she will be saved through childbearing–if they continue in faith and love and holiness, with self-control.” (1:15)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The best ornaments for professors of godliness, are good works.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Timothy 3:1, I. Qualifications for Overseers; II. Qualifications for Deacons; III. The Mystery of Godliness

I. KEY TEXT (Qualifications for Overseers): “The saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a noble task.” (3:1)
A. INFERENCE: “Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. He must manage his own household well, with all dignity keeping his children submissive, for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for God’s church?” (3:2)
1. FINDINGS: “He just not be a recent convert, or he may become puffed up with conceit and fall into the condemnation of the devil. Moreover, he must be thought of by outsiders, so that he may not fall into disgrace, into a snare of the devil.” (3:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “To encourage all faithful ministers, we have Christ’s gracious word of promise, ‘Lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world,’ Matthew 28:20.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And he will fit his ministers for their work, and carry them through difficulties with comfort, and reward their faithfulness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “One of Timothy’s most urgent duties was to take care that those who held office in the churches were beyond reproach. The tone of a Christian community is largely that of its leaders.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “God’s minister must not only be irreproachable as far as the outside world is concerned, but exemplary in his domestic relations.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Notice how often those words grave, sober-minded, temperate occur in this chapter. The effect of a good sermon will be spoiled if a man yields to foolish levity or intemperate habits. Moderation, serenity of temper, freedom from love of money, a well-ordered household, an obedient and reverent family-these are signs that a man may aspire to the sacred work of the ministry; and these are the qualities which people should look for in candidates for pulpits, more than those of rhetoric, brilliance, or outward attractiveness.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

I. KEY TEXT (Qualifications for Deacons): “Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain.” (3:8)
A. INFERENCE: “They must hold the mystery of the faith with a clear conscience.” (3:9)
1. FINDINGS: “And let them also be tested first; then let them serve as deacons if they prove themselves blameless. Their wives likewise must be dignified, not slanderers, but sober-minded, faithful in all things. Let deacons each be the husband of one wife, managing their children and their own households well.” (3:10-12)
2. CRITERIA: “For those who serve well as deacons gain a good standing for themselves and also great confidence in the faith that is in Christ Jesus.” (3:13)
3. CONDITION: “The strength of a church is as much in the godliness of those who fill subordinate offices, as in its acknowledged leaders.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The deacons were at first appointed to distribute the charity of the church, and to manage its concerns, yet pastors and evangelists were among them. The deacons had a great trust reposed in them. They must be grave, serious, prudent men. It is not fit that public trusts should be lodged in the hands of any, till they are found fit for the business with which they are to be trusted.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “All who are related to ministers, must take great care to walk as becomes the gospel of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “In determining who shall become a church leader ascertain that: Nothing is common or unclean, nothing trivial and unimportant, where Christ’s honor and glory are concerned.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

I. KEY TEXT (The Mystery of Godliness): “I hope to come to you soon, but I am writing these things to you so that, if I delay, you may know how one ought to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, a pillar and buttress of the truth.” (3:14-15)
A. INFERENCE: “Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness:” (3:16)
1. FINDINGS: “He was manifested in the flesh, vindicated by the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations, believed on in the world, taken up in glory.” (3:16)
2. CRITERIA: “The church is the house of God; he dwells there. The church holds forth the Scripture and the doctrine of Christ, as a pillar holds forth a proclamation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “When a church ceases to be the pillar and ground of truth, we may and ought to forsake her; for our regard to truth should be first and greatest.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Let us remember that God was manifest in the flesh, to take away our sins, to redeem us from all iniquity, and to purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “These doctrines must be shown forth by the fruits of the Spirit in our lives.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe the mystery.

1 Timothy 4:1, I. Some Will Depart from the Faith; II. A Good Servant of Christ Jesus

I. KEY TEXT (Some Will Depart from the Faith): “Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared, who forbid marriage and require abstinence for foods that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.” (4:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “For everything created by God is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, for it is made holy by the word of God and prayer.” (4:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “False teachers forbid as evil what God has allowed, and command as a duty what he has left indifferent. We find exercise for watchfulness and self-denial, in attending to the requirements of God’s law, without being tasked to imaginary duties, which reject what he has allowed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “But nothing justifies an intemperate or improper use of things; and nothing will be good to us, unless we seek by prayer for the Lord’s blessing upon it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “We have here the Apostle’s forecast of the last times, i.e., the condition in which men will find themselves as the age draws to a close. Notwithstanding all that Christ has done, the prevalence of evil will be enormous, not because of any failure in God but because the Church has failed to be the organ through which His saving help could reach mankind.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The symptoms are set forth with great clearness, such as demon spirits dwelling and working in men, error taught under the specious guise of excessive religious devotion, consciences seared, natural instincts thwarted and outraged.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “On the contrary, let us believe that the whole body, and all gifts that are natural and innocent, are to be cherished and used under three sanctions: 1. They must be accepted and enjoyed with thanksgiving to the Creator and Father. 2. They must be sanctioned by the Word of God. 3. Their use and enjoyment must, not interfere with our prayer-life.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The minister of Christ must be daily nourished by the words of Christian truth. If he is not fed on Christ’s body and blood, his teaching will soon deteriorate, John 6:1-71. He must also exercise himself in godliness with as much care as the gymnast, who is continually exercising his joints and muscles so as to keep supple and alert. This is also God’s purpose in the spiritual trials and discipline which He sends.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (A Good Servant of Christ Jesus): “If you put these things before the brothers, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, being trained in the words of the faith and of the good doctrine that you have followed.” (4:6)
A. INFERENCE: “Have nothing to do with irreverent, silly myths. Rather train yourself for godliness; for while bodily training is of some value, godliness is of value in every way, as it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come.” (4:7-8)
1. FINDINGS: “The saying is trustworthy and deserving of full acceptance. For to this end we toil and strive, because we have our hope set on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of those who believe.” (4:9-10)
2. CRITERIA: “Command and teach these things. Let no one despise you for your youth, but set the believers an example in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith, in purity.” (4:11-12)
3. CONDITION: “Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation, to teaching. Do not neglect the gift you have, which was given you by prophecy when the council of elders laid their hands on you. Practice these things, immerse yourself in them, so that all my see your progress. Keep close watch on yourself and on the teaching.” (4:13-16)
4. CAUSE: “Persist in this, for by so doing you will save both yourself and your hearers.” (4:16)
5. EFFECT: “Those who teach by their doctrine, must teach by their life. Their discourse must be edifying; their conversation must be holy; they must be examples of love to God and all good men, examples of spiritual-mindedness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The doctrine of a minister of Christ must be scriptural, clear, evangelical, and practical; well stated, explained, defended, and applied.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Timothy 5:1, I. Instructions for the Church

I. KEY TEXT (Instructions for the Church): “Do not rebuke an older man but encourage him as you would a father, younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity.” (5:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Honor widows who are truly widows. But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God. She who is truly a widow, left all alone, has set her hope on God and continues in supplications and prayers night and day, but she who is self-indulgent is dead even while she lives.” (5:3-6)
1. FINDINGS: “Command these things as well, so that they may be without reproach.” (5:7)
2. CRITERIA: “But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.” (5:8)
3. CONDITION: “Let a widow be enrolled if she is not less than sixty years of age, having been the wife of one husband, and having a reputation for good works: if she has brought up children, has shown hospitality, has washed the feet of the saints, has cared for the afflicted, and has devoted herself to every good work. But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when their passions draw them away from Christ, they desire to marry and so incur condemnation for having abandoned their former faith. Besides that, they learn to be idlers, going about from house to house, and not only idlers, but also gossips and busybodies, saying what they should not. So I would have younger widows marry, bear children, manage their households, and give the adversary no occasion for slander. For some have already strayed after Satan. If any believing woman has relatives who are widows, let her care for them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it may care for those who are truly widows. Let the elders who rule well be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in preaching and teaching. For the Scripture says, ‘You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain,’ and, ‘The laborer deserves his wages.’ Do not admit a charge against an elder except on the evidence of two or three witnesses.” (5:9-19)
4. CAUSE: “As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear. In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of the elect angels I charge you to keep these rules without prejudging, doing nothing from partiality. Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands, nor take part in the sins of others; keep yourself pure. (No longer drink only water, but a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.)” (5:20-23)
5. EFFECT: “The sins of some men are conspicuous, going before them to judgment, but the sins of others appear later. So also good works are conspicuous, and even those that are not cannot remain hidden.” (5:24-25)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “As we are not to make our bodies masters, so neither slaves; but to use them so that they may be most helpful to us in the service of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Timothy 6:1, I. False Teachers and True Contentment; II. Fight the Good Fight of Faith

I. KEY TEXT (False Teachers and True Contentment): “Let all who are under a yoke as slaves regard their own masters as worthy of all honor, so that the name of God and the teaching may not be reviled. Those who have believing masters must not be disrespectful on the ground that they are brothers; rather they must serve all the better since those who benefit by their good service are believers and beloved. Teach and urge these things. If anyone teaches a different doctrine and does not agree with the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ and the teaching that accords with godliness, he is puffed up with conceit and understands nothing. He has an unhealth craving for controversy and for quarrels about words, which produce envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, and constant friction among people who are depraved in mind and deprive of the truth, imagining that godliness is a means of gain.” (6:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “Now there is great gain in godliness with contentment, for we brought nothing into the world, and we cannot take anything out of the world.” (6:6-7)
1. FINDINGS: “But if we have food and clothing, with these we will be content.” (6:8)
2. CRITERIA: “But those who desire to be rich fall into temptation, into a snare, into many senseless and harmful desires that plunge people into ruin and destruction.” (6:9)
3. CONDITION: “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evils.” (6:10)
4. CAUSE: “It is through this craving that some have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many pangs.” (6:10)
5. EFFECT: “Those that make a trade of Christianity to serve their turn for this world, will be disappointed; but those who mind it as their calling, will find it has the promise of the life that now is, as well as of that which is to come.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He that is godly, is sure to be happy in another world; and if contented with his condition in this world, he has enough; and all truly godly people are content.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Fight the Good Fight of Faith): “But as for you, O man of God, flee these things. Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness.” (6:11)
A. INFERENCE: “Fight the good fight of faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called and about which you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.” (6:12)
1. FINDINGS: “I charge you in the presence of God, who gives life to all things, and of Christ Jesus, who in his testimony before Pontius Pilate made the good confession, to keep the commandment unstained and free from reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, which he will display at the proper tine–he who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, who dwells in unapproachable light, whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen.” (6:13-16)
2. CRITERIA: “As for the rich in this present age, charge them not to be haughty, nor to set their hopes on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who richly provides us with everything to enjoy.” (6:17)
3. CONDITION: “They are to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share, thus storing up treasure for themselves as a good foundation for the future, so that they may take hold of that which is truly life.” (6:18-19)
4. CAUSE: “O Timothy, guard the deposit entrusted to you. Avoid the irreverent babble and contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge, . . .” (6:20)
5. EFFECT: “. . . for by professing it some have swerved from the faith. Grace be with you.” (6:20)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those who advance reason above faith, are in danger of leaving faith. Grace includes all that is good, and grace is an earnest, a beginning of glory; wherever God gives grace, he will give glory.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

2 Timothy 1:1, I. Greeting and Guard the Deposit Entrusted to You

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and Guard the Deposit Entrusted to You): “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God according to the promise of the life that is in Christ Jesus, To Timothy, my beloved child: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “I thank God whom I serve, as did my ancestors, with a clear conscience, as I remember you constantly in my prayers night and day. As I remember your tears, I long to see you, that I may be filled with joy. I am reminded of your sincere faith, a faith that dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice and now, I am sure, dwells in you as well.” (1:3-5)
1. FINDINGS: “For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands, for God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and love and self-control.” (6:7)
2. CRITERIA: “Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony about our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but share in suffering for the gospel by the power of God, who saved us and called us to a holy calling, not because of our works but because of his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus before the ages began, and which now has been manifested through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel, for which I was appointed a preacher and apostle and teacher, which is why I suffer as I do. But I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed, and I am convinced that he is able to guard until that Day what has been entrusted to me.” (6:8-12)
3. CONDITION: “Follow the pattern of the sound words that you have heard from me, in the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. By the Holy Spirit who dwells within us, guard the good deposit entrusted to you.” (6:13-14)
4. CAUSE: “You are aware that all who are in Asia turned away from me, among whom are Phygelus and Hermogenes.” (6:15)
5. EFFECT: “May the Lord grant mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, for he often refreshed me and was not ashamed of my chains, but when he arrived in Rome he searched for me earnestly and found me–may the Lord grant him to find mercy from the Lord on that Day!–and you well know all the service he rendered at Ephesus.” (6:16-18)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “God’s soldiers must be brave and unflinching in meeting the opposition of the world. When once we realize that the stores which reside in God are at the disposal of our faith, we, too, shall be invulnerable and irresistible.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

2 Timothy 2:1, I. A Good Soldier of Christ Jesus; II. A Worker Approved by God

I. KEY TEXT (A Good Soldier of Christ Jesus): “You then my child, be strengthened by the grace that is in Christ Jesus, and what you have heard from me in the presence of many witnesses entrust to faithful men who will be able to teach others also.” (2:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Share in suffering as a good soldier of Christ Jesus. No soldier gets entangled in civilian pursuits, since his aim is to please the one who enlisted him.” (2:3-5)
1. FINDINGS: “An athlete is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules.” (2:6)
2. CRITERIA: “It is the hard-working farmer who ought to have the first share of the crops.” (2:7)
3. CONDITION: “Think over what I say, for the Lord will give you understanding in everything.” (2:7)
4. CAUSE: “Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, the offspring of David, as preached in my gospel, for which I am suffering, bound with chains as a criminal. But the word of God is not bound!” (2:8-9)
5. EFFECT: “Therefore I endure everything for the sake of the elect, that they also may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory. The saying is trustworthy, for: If we have died with him, we will also live with him; if we endure, we will also reign with him; if we deny him, he also will deny us; if we are faithless, he remains faithful–for he cannot deny himself.” (2:10-13)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be a good soldier of Christ Jesus.

II. KEY TEXT (A Worker Approved by God): “Remind them of these things, and charge them before God not to quarrel about words, which does no good, but only ruins the hearers.” (2:14)
A. INFERENCE: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth. But avoid irreverent babble, for it will lead people into more and more ungodliness, and their talk will spread like gangrene.” (2:15-17)
1. FINDINGS: “Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, who have swerved from the truth, saying that the resurrection has already happened. They are upsetting the faith of some.” (2:18)
2. CRITERIA: “But God’s firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: ‘The Lord knows those who are his,” and, ‘Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity.’” (2:19)
3. CONDITION: “Now in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver but also of wood and clay, some for honorable use, some for dishonorable, he will be a vessel for honorable use, set apart as holy, useful to the master of the house, ready for every good work.” (2:20-21)
4. CAUSE: “So flee youthful passions and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace, along with those who call on the Lord for a pure heart. Have nothing to do with foolish, ignorant controversies; you know that they breed quarrels.” (2:22-23)
5. EFFECT: “And the Lord’s servant must not be quarrelsome but kind to everyone, able to teach, patiently enduring evil, correcting his opponents with gentleness. God may perhaps grant them repentance leading to a knowledge of the truth, and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, after being captured by him to do his will.” (2:24-26)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The more we follow that which is good, the faster and the further we shall flee from that which is evil.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

2 thoughts on “Week #150; Wed, Nov 11: 1 Thessalonians 3–2 Timothy 2

  1. Bill,
    Thanks for this post.
    Among the many truths of these passages what most struck me were two things:
    1. The concordance of teaching regarding the plan that God has extending throughout time until the end and the kindness of His mercy to teach His children what to be prepared for so that we can be prepared and watchful and make wise use of the time left before the Lord’s return
    2. The several warnings regarding those things which could entangle us and distract us as we pursue Him, including things that might on the surface even appear to be “spiritual” but that are reflective of the deceptions of Satan.

    Thanks again for this resource.

    1. Steve,
      Check out paragraph 5 on the home page. The two links express your two points graphically. They are both in my book as well at figures 1 and 4; search in the electronic version if you desire. 🙂

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