Week #149; Wed, Nov 04: Philippians 1–Colossians–1 Thessalonians 2

Week #149; Wed, Nov 04: Philippians 1:1–Colossians–1 Thessalonians 2:20

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Philippians 1:1, I. Greeting, Thanksgiving, and Prayer; II. The Advance of the Gospel; III. To Live Is Christ

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting, Thanksgiving, and Prayer): “Paul and Timothy, servants of Christ Jesus. To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “I thank my God in all my remembrance of you, always in every prayer of mine for you all making my prayer with joy, because of your partnership in the gospel form the first day until now.” (1:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “And I am sure of this, that he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ.” (1:6)
2. CRITERIA: “It is right for me to feel this way about you all, because I hold you in my heart, for you are all partakers with me of grace, both in my imprisonment and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel.” (1:7)
3. CONDITION: “For God is my witness, how I yearn for you all with the affection of Christ Jesus. And it is my prayer that your love may abound more and more, with knowledge and all discernment, so that you may approve what is excellent, and so be pure and blameless for the day of Christ, filled with the fruit of righteousness that comes through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.” (1:8-11)
4. CAUSE: “Paul’s desire was that the Philippian believers would be blameless in the day of Christ (1:6, 10; 2:16). That day was the broad time period of resurrection, evaluation, and reward for God’s people (cf. also 1 Cor. 1:8; 5:5; 2 Cor. 1:14; 5:10; 1 Thess. 5:2; 2 Thess. 2:2). Jesus linked this day to his coming as the Son of Man.” (Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In this Epistle the thanksgiving is especially warm and earnest; no cloud of doubt darkened the apostle’s confidence in the Philippians; he pours forth his gratitude to God for their spiritual gifts fervently and without reserve.” (The Pulpit Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “There is no peace without grace. Inward peace springs from a sense of Divine favor. And there is no grace and peace but from God our Father, the fountain and origin of all blessings. Philippians 1:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Advance of the Gospel): “I want you to know, brothers, that what has happened to me has really served to advance the gospel, so that it has become known throughout the whole imperial guard and to all the rest that my imprisonment is for Christ.” (1:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “And most of the brothers, having become confident in the Lord by my imprisonment, are much more bold to speak the word without fear.” (1:14)
1. FINDINGS: “Some indeed preach Christ from envy and rivalry, but others from good will.” (1-15)
2. CRITERIA: “The latter do it out of love, knowing that I am put here for the defense of the gospel.” (1-16)
3. CONDITION: “The former proclaim Christ out of rivalry, not sincerely but thinking to afflict me in my imprisonment.” (1-17)
4. CAUSE: “What then? Only that in every way, whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is proclaimed, and in that I rejoice.” (1-18)
5. EFFECT: “Even though as a prisoner in Rome, Paul looked upon the church in Philippi as his children, and, having become their father in the gospel, he was desirous by the same gospel to nourish and nurse them up.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Nourish and nurse the church or send someone who can.

III. KEY TEXT (To Live Is Christ): “Yes, and I will rejoice, for I know that through your prayers and the help of the Spirit of Jesus Christ this will turn out for my deliverance, as it is my eager expectation and hope that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with full courage now as always Christ will be honored in my body, whether by life or by death.” (1:19-20)
A. INFERENCE: “For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.” (1:21)
1. FINDINGS: “If I am to live in the flesh, that means fruitful labor for me. Yet which I shall choose I cannot tell. I am hard pressed between the two. My desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better. But to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account.” (1:22-24)
2. CRITERIA: “Convinced of this, I know that I will remain and continue with you all, for your progress and joy in the faith, so that in me you may have ample cause to glory in Christ Jesus, because of my coming to you again.” (1:25-26)
3. CONDITION: “Only let your manner of life be worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit, with one mind striving side by side for the faith of the gospel, and not frightened in anything by your opponents. This is a clear sign to them of their destruction, but of your salvation, and that from God” (1:27-28)
4. CAUSE: “For it has been granted to you that for the sake of Christ you should not only believe in him but also suffer for his sake, engaged in the same conflict that you saw I had and now hear that I still have.” (1:29-30)
5. EFFECT: “He exhorts them to courage and constancy in suffering. Whatever oppositions we meet with, we must not be frightened at them. Those who oppose the gospel of Christ are marked out for ruin.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “If we suffer reproach and loss for Christ, we are to reckon it a great gift, always provided we behave under our sufferings with the genuine temperament of martyrs.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Philippians: 2:1, I. Christ’s Example of Humility; II. Lights in the World; III. Timothy and Epaphroditus

I. KEY TEXT (Christ’s Example of Humility): “So if there is any encouragement in Christ, any comfort from love, any participation in the Spirit, any affection and sympathy, complete my joy by being of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind.” (2:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Do nothing from rivalry or conceit, but in humility count others more significant than yourselves. Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others.” (2:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.” (2:5-7)
2. CRITERIA: “And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.” (2:8)
3. CONDITION: “Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (2:9-11)
4. CAUSE: “The Apostle’s confidence that whatever God begins will have its perfect end, Philippians 1:6, is very reassuring. This is what we need, though we must not take it for granted apart from faith and prayer.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Abounding love will lead to increased knowledge; and this to quicker discrimination between things that differ, however similar they may appear; and this, in turn, to freedom from blame and offense. And all will result in the fruit of a holy life, pleasing to Jesus and bringing glory and praise to God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Lights in the World): “Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.” (2:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “Do all things without grumbling or questioning, that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and twisted generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world, holding fast to the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I may be proud that I did not run in vain or labor in vain.” (2:14-16)
1. FINDINGS: “Even if I am to be poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrificial offering of your faith, I am glad and rejoice with you all. Likewise you also should be glad and rejoice with me.” (2:17-18)
2. CRITERIA: “He exhorts them to diligence and seriousness in the Christian course: It concerns us above all things to secure the welfare of our souls: whatever becomes of other things, let us take care of our best interests. It is our own salvation. He urges this from the consideration of their readiness always to obey the gospel: And because it is God who works in you, you work out your salvation. It is the grace of God which inclines the will to that which is good: and then enables us to perform it. As we cannot act without God’s grace, so we cannot pretend to deserve it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “We must be diligent in the use of all the means which lead to our salvation, persevering therein to the end. With great care, lest, with all our advantages, we should come short. Work out your salvation, for it is God who worketh in you. This encourages us to do our utmost, because our labor shall not be in vain: we must still depend on the grace of God. Philippians 2:12” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is clear from this paragraph that death is not an unconscious sleep. It is gain. It is a loosing from anchorage so that the soul may go forth on the broad ocean of God’s love.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It does not interrupt our conscious fellowship with the Lord. The moment of absence here is the moment of presence there. To die is therefore gain.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be a light in the world.

III. KEY TEXT (Timothy and Epaphroditus): “I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you soon, so that I too may be cheered by news of you.” (2:19)
A. INFERENCE: “For I have no one like him, who will be genuinely concerned for your welfare. ” (2:20)
1. FINDINGS: “For they all seek their own interests, not those of Jesus Christ.” (2:21)
2. CRITERIA: “But you know Timothy’s proven worth, how as a son with a father he has served with me in the gospel.” (2:22)
3. CONDITION: “I hope therefore to send him just as soon as I see how it will go with me, and I trust in the Lord that shortly I myself will come also. I have thought it necessary to send to your Epaphroditus my brother and fellow worker and fellow soldier, and your messenger and minister to my need, for he has been longing for you all and has been distressed because you heard that he was ill. Indeed he was ill, near to death. But God had mercy on him, and not only on him but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow. ” (2:23-27)
4. CAUSE: “I am the more eager to send him, therefore, that you may rejoice at seeing him again, and that I may be less anxious.” (2:28)
5. EFFECT: “So receive him in the Lord with all joy, and honor such men, for he nearly died for the work of Christ, risking his life to complete what was lacking in your service to me.” (2:29-30)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Be like Timothy, a man of an excellent spirit and tender heart.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Philippians: 3:1, I. Righteousness Through Faith in Christ; II. Straining Toward the Goal

I. KEY TEXT (Righteousness Through Faith in Christ): “Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you is no trouble to me and is safe for you.” (3:1)
A. INFERENCE: “Look out for the dogs, look out for the evildoers, look out for those who mutilate the flesh.” (3:2)
1. FINDINGS: “For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh–though I myself have reason for confidence in the flesh also. If anyone else thinks he has reason for confidence in the flesh, I have more: circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the law, a Pharisee; as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to righteousness under the law, blameless.” (3:3-6)
2. CRITERIA: “But whatever gain I had, I counted as loss for the sake of Christ. Indeed, I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord.” (3:7-8)
3. CONDITION: “For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith–” (3:9)
4. CAUSE: “–that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, that by any means possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead.” (3:10-11)
5. EFFECT: “The apostle had his heart set on Christ. The apostle had his heart set on heaven as his happiness.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Make Christ all in all, and set our hearts on another world.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Straining Toward the Goal): “Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect, but I press on to make my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own.” (3:12)
A. INFERENCE: “Brothers, I do not consider that I have made it my own. But one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.” (3:13-14)
1. FINDINGS: “Let those of us who are mature think this way, and if in anything you think otherwise, God will reveal that also to you. Only let us hold true to what we have attained.” (3:15-16)
2. CRITERIA: “Brothers, join in imitating me, and keep your eyes on those who walk according to the example you have in us.” (3:17)
3. CONDITION: “For many, of whom I have often told you and now tell you even with tears, walk as enemies of the cross of Christ.” (3:18)
4. CAUSE: “Their end is destruction, their god is their belly, and they glory in their shame with minds set on earthly things.” (3:19)
5. EFFECT: “But our citizenship is in heaven, and from it we await a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our lowly body to be like his glorious body, by the power that enables him even to subject all things to himself.” (3:20-21)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We look for the Savior from heaven; we expect his second coming (Rapture) from there and we expect to be happy and glorified there.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Philippians 4:1, I. Exhortation, Encouragement, and Prayer; II. God’s Provision and Final Greetings

I. KEY TEXT (Exhortation, Encouragement, and Prayer): “Therefore, my brothers, whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, stand firm thus in the Lord, my beloved.” (4:1)
A. INFERENCE: “I entreat Euodia and I entreat Syntyche to agree in the Lord. Yes, I ask you also, true companion, help these women, who have labored side by side with me in the gospel together with Clement and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.” (4:2-3)
1. FINDINGS: “Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, Rejoice. Let your reasonableness be know to everyone. The Lord is at hand; do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.” (4:4-7)
2. CRITERIA: “Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is commendable, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things.” (4:8)
3. CONDITION: “What you have learned and received and heard and seen in me–practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.” (4:9)
4. CAUSE: “This peace will guard our hearts and our minds in Christ Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Paul’s doctrine and life consistent; he could propose himself as well as his doctrine for their imitation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.” (4:6)

II. KEY TEXT (God’s Provision and Final Greetings): “I rejoiced in the Lord greatly that now at length you have revived your concern for me. You were indeed concerned for me, but you had no opportunity.” (4:10)
A. INFERENCE: “Not that I am speaking of being in need, for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content.” (4:11)
1. FINDINGS: “I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound. In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need.” (4:12)
2. CRITERIA: “I can do all things through him who strengthens me.” (4:13)
3. CONDITION: “Yet it was kind of you to share my trouble. And you Philippians yourselves know that in the beginning of the gospel, when I left Macedonia, no church entered into partnership with me in giving and receiving, except you only.” (4:14-15)
4. CAUSE: “Even in Thessalonica you sent me help for my needs once and again. Not that I seek the gift, but I seek the fruit that increases to your credit.” (4:16-17)
5. EFFECT: “I have received full payment, and more. I am well supplied, having received from Epaphroditus the gifts you sent, a fragrant offering, a sacrifice acceptable and pleasing to God. And my God will supply every need of yours according to the riches in glory in Christ Jesus. To our God and Father be glory forever and ever. Amen. Greet every saint in Christ Jesus. The brothers who are with me greet you. All the saints greet you, especially those of Caesar’s household. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.” (4:18-23)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Greet every saint in Christ Jesus.” (4:21)

Colossians 1:1, I. Greeting, Thanksgiving, and Prayer; II. The Preeminence of Christ; III. Paul’s Ministry to the Church

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting, Thanksgiving, and Prayer): “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the saints and faithful brothers in Christ at Colossae: Grace to you and peace from God our Father.” (1:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you, since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and of the love that you have for all the saints, because of the hope laid up for you in heaven. Of this you have heard before in the word of the truth, the gospel, which has come to you, as indeed in the whole world it is bearing fruit and growing–as it also does among you, since the day you heard it and understood the grace of God in truth, just as you learned it from Epaphras our beloved fellow servant. He is a faithful minister of Christ on your behalf and has made known to us you love in the Spirit.” (1:3-8)
1. FINDINGS: “And so, from the day we heard, we have not ceased to pray for you, asking that you may be filled with the knowledge of his will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding, so as to walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, fully pleasing to him, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God.” (1:9-10)
2. CRITERIA: “May you be strengthened with all endurance and patience with joy, giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you to share in the inheritance of the saints in light. He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.” (1:11-14)
3. CONDITION: “A prisoner in Rome, Paul constantly prayed for them. He asked God to fill them with the knowledge of his will through all spiritual wisdom and understanding. He asked they may live a life worthy of the Lord and may please him in every way. And that they be strengthened with all power according to his glorious might.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “So they may have endurance, patience and rejoicing that they are counted worthy to suffer for his name.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “It comes in here as the matter of thanksgiving: Giving thanks to the Father for the Spirit of grace; for Christ the God and as Mediator; and the work of redemption for the remission of sin.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be filled with the knowledge of his will and preach of this redemption.

II. KEY TEXT (The Preeminence of Christ): “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities–all things were created through him and for him.” (1:15-16)
A. INFERENCE: “And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent.” (1:17-18)
1. FINDINGS: “For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.” (1:19-20)
2. CRITERIA: “And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him, if indeed you continue in the faith, stable and steadfast, not shifting from the hope of the gospel that you heard, which has been proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, became a minister.” (1:21-23)
3. CONDITION: “Christ was, is, and will be in all things, always.” (1:19-20)
4. CAUSE: “We can expect the happy end of our faith only when we continue in the faith, and are so far established and firm in it as not to be moved from it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The evidence of our hope is Christ in the heart.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We are Christ’s ministers for the good of his people, to present the word of God in all its fullness.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (Paul’s Ministry to the Church): “Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions for the sake of his body, that is, the church, of which I became a minister according to the stewardship from God that was given to me for you, to make the word of God fully known, the mystery hidden for ages and generations, but now revealed to his saints.” (1:24-26)
A. INFERENCE: “To them God chose to make known how great among the Gentiles are the riches of the glory of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.” (1:27)
1. FINDINGS: “Him we proclaim, warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom that we may present everyone mature in Christ.” (1:28)
2. CRITERIA: “For this I toil, struggling with all his energy that he powerfully works within me.” (1:29)
3. CONDITION: “The mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “This mystery of the gospel was long hidden. This mystery now is disclosed to the saints.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The mystery is the riches of God’s glory among the Gentiles. This mystery is Christ in you, the hope of glory.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Make the ground of our hope Christ in the world.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Colossians 2:1, I. Alive in Christ; II. Let No One Disqualify You

I. KEY TEXT (Alive in Christ): “For I want you to know how great a struggle I have for you and for those at Laodicea and for all who have not seen me face to face, that their hearts may be encouraged, being knit to together in love, to reach all the riches of full assurance of understanding and the knowledge of God’s mystery, which is Christ, in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.” (2:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “I say this in order that no one may delude you with plausible arguments. For though I am absent in body, yet I am with you in spirit, rejoicing to see your good order and the firmness of your faith in Christ.” (2:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “Therefore, as you received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in him, rooted and built up in him and established in the faith, just as you were taught, abounding in thanksgiving. See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ. For in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily, and you have been filled in him, who is the head of all rule and authority.” (2:6-10)
2. CRITERIA: “In him also you were circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ, having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in powerful working of God, who raised him from the dead.” (2:11-12)
3. CONDITION: “And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.” (2:13-14)
4. CAUSE: “He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.” (2:15)
5. EFFECT: “The apostle desired them to be encouraged in heart and united in love.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Know the mystery, not barely to speak of it by rote, but to enter into the meaning and purpose of it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Let No One Disqualify You): “Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath.” (2:16)
A. INFERENCE: “These are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ.” (2:17)
1. FINDINGS: “Let no one disqualify you, insisting on asceticism and worship of angels, going on in detail about visions, puffed up without reason by his sensuous mind, and not holding fast to the Head, from whom the whole body, nourished and knit together through its joints and ligaments, grows with a growth that is from God.” (2:18-19)
2. CRITERIA: “If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations–‘Do not handle, Do not taste, Do not touch’ (referring to things that all perish as they are used)–according to human precepts and teachings?” (2:20-22)
3. CONDITION: “These have indeed an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgence of the flesh.” (2:23)
4. CAUSE: “Let no man impose those things that are inventions of men on you, for God has not imposed them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Avoid proud conceits of human reason based on pride; pride is at the bottom of a great many errors and corruptions, and even of many evil practices, which have a great show and appearance of humility.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “When men let go their hold of Christ, they catch at that which is next to them and will stand them in no stead.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Colossians 3:1, I. Put On the New Self; II. Rules for Christian Households

I. KEY TEXT (Put On the New Self): “If then you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God. Set you minds on the things that are above, not on things that are on earth.” (3:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When Christ who is your life appears, then you also will appear with him in glory.” (3:4)
1. FINDINGS: “Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry.” (3:5)
2. CRITERIA: “On account of these the wrath of God is coming.” (3:6)
3. CONDITION: “In these you too once walked, when you were living in them. But now you must put them all away: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and obscene talk from you mouth. Do not lie to one another, seeing that you have put off the old self with its practices and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator.” (3:7-10)
4. CAUSE: “Here there is not Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave, free; but Christ is all and in all.” (3:11)
5. EFFECT: “Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassionate hearts, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience, bearing with one another and, if one has a complaint against another, forgiving each other; as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also must forgive. And above all these put on love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony. And let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body. And be thankful. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God. And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.” (3:12-17)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Put away all that is earthly, put on the new self.” (3:5, 9)

II. KEY TEXT (Rules for Christian Households): “Wives, submit to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord. Husbands, love your wives, and do not be harsh with them. Children, obey your parents in everything, for this pleases the Lord. Fathers, do not provoke your children, lest they become discouraged. Slaves, obey in everything those who are your earthly masters, not by way of eye-service, as people-pleasers, but with sincerity of heart, fearing the Lord.” (3:18-22)
A. INFERENCE: “Whatever you do, work heartily, as for the Lord and not for men, knowing that from the Lord you will receive the inheritance as your reward. You are serving the Lord Christ.” (3:23-24)
1. FINDINGS: “For the wrong-doer, and there is no partiality.” (3:25)
2. CRITERIA: “We must mind the concerns of another world more than the concerns of this.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “We are to conquer passions.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Christ is a Christian’s all, all his hope and happiness.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Clothe yourselves with compassion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Serve the Lord Jesus Christ.

Colossians 4:1, I. Further Instructions; II. Final Greetings

I. KEY TEXT (Further Instructions): “Masters, treat your slaves justly and fairly, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven. Continue steadfastly in prayer, being watchful in it with thanksgiving.” (4:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “At the same time, pray also for us, that God may open to us a door for the word, to declare the mystery of Christ, on account of which I am in prison–that I may make it clear, which is how I ought to speak.” (4:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “Walk in wisdom toward outsiders, making the best use of the time. ” (4:5)
2. CRITERIA: “Let your speech always be gracious, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how you ought to answer each person.” (4:6)
3. CONDITION: “The apostle exhorts them further to a prudent conduct towards the pagan world, or those out of the Christian church among whom they lived.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Do them all the good you can, and by all the fittest means recommend religion to them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Let all your discourse be as becomes Christians–savory, discreet, seasonable.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Though it may not always be of grace, it must be always with grace.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Final Greetings): “Tychicus will tell you all about my activities. He is a beloved brother and faithful minister and fellow servant in the Lord. I have sent him to you for this very purpose, that you may know how we are and that he may encourage your hearts, and with him Onesimus, our faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you. They will tell you of everything that has taken place here.” (4:7-9)
A. INFERENCE: “Aristarchus my fellow prisoner greets you, and Mark the cousin of Barnabas concerning whom you have received instructions–if he comes to you, welcome him), and Jesus who is called Justus. These are the only men of the circumcision among my fellow workers for the kingdom of God, and they have been a comfort to me. Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ Jesus, greets you, always struggling on your behalf in his prayers, that you may stand mature and fully assured in all the will of God. For I bear him witness that he has worked hard for you and for those in Laodicea and in Hierapolis. Luke the beloved physician greets you, as does Demas. Give my greetings to the brothers at Laodicea, and to Nympha and the church in her house.” (4:10-15)
1. FINDINGS: “And when this letter has been read among you, have it also read in the church of the Laodiceans; and see that you also read the letter from Laodicea. And say to Archippus, ‘See that you fulfill the ministry that you have received in the Lord.’” (4:16-17)
2. CRITERIA: “I, Paul, write this greeting with my own hand. Remember my chains. Grace be with you.” (4:18)
3. CONDITION: “It adds much to the beauty and strength of the gospel ministry when ministers are thus loving to one another.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “It must be in a Christian manner.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “It is a great comfort to have the mutual concern of fellow Christians.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those who join in services and sufferings should thus be committed to one another in holy love.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

1 Thessalonians 1:1, I. Greeting and The Thessalonian’s Faith and Example

I. KEY TEXT (Greeting and The Thessalonian’s Faith and Example): “Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: ‘Grace to you and peace.’ We give thanks to God always for all of you, constantly mentioning you in our prayers, remembering before our God and Father your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “For we know, brothers loved by God, that he has chosen you, because our gospel came to you not only in word, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction. You know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake. And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, for you received the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit, so that you became an example to all the believers and Macedonia and in Achaia.” (1:4-7)
1. FINDINGS: “For not only has the word of the Lord sounded forth from you in Macedonia and Achaia, but your faith in God has gone forth everywhere, so that we need not say anything. For they themselves report concerning us the kind of reception we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.” (1:8-10)
2. CRITERIA: “The Gentiles among them were turned to God from idols, and the Jews among them believed Jesus to be the promised Messiah. All of them were devoted and dedicated to God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “We should have a grateful sense of God’s goodness in our mind.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “As there is much that we ought to be thankful for, so there is much occasion of constant prayer for further supplies of good.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Wherever there is a well-grounded hope of eternal life, it will appear by the exercise of endurance.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Be careful to imitate the good examples of the apostles and ministers of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

1 Thessalonians 2:1, I. Paul’s Ministry to the Thessalonians; II. Paul’s Longing to See Them Again

I. KEY TEXT (Paul’s Ministry to the Thessalonians): “For you yourselves know, brothers, that our coming to you was not in vain. But though we had already suffered and been shamefully treated at Philippi, as you know, we had boldness in our God to declare to you the gospel of God in the midst of much conflict.” (2:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “For our appeal does not spring from error or impurity or any attempt to deceive, but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not to please man, but to please God who tests our hearts.” (2:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “For we never came with words of flattery, as you know, nor with a pretext for greed–God is witness. Nor did we seek glory from people, whether from you or from others, though we could have made demands as apostles of Christ.” (2:5-6)
2. CRITERIA: “But we were gentle among you, like a nursing mother taking care of her own children.” (2:7)
3. CONDITION: “So, being affectionately desirous of you, we were ready to share with you not only the gospel of God but also our own selves, because you had become very dear to us.” (2:8)
4. CAUSE: “For you remember, brothers, our labor and toil: we worked night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you, while we proclaimed to you the gospel of God. You are witnesses, and God also, how holy and righteous and blameless was our conduct toward you believers. For you know how, like a father with his children, we exhorted each one of you and encouraged you and charged you to walk in a manner worthy of God, who calls you into his own kingdom and glory.” (2:9-12)
5. EFFECT: “And we also thank God constantly for this, that when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God, which is at work in you believers. For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea. For you suffered the same things from your own countrymen as they did from the Jews, who killed both the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and drove us out, and displease God and oppose all mankind by hindering us from speaking to the Gentiles that they might be saved–so as always to fill up the measure of their sins. But God’s wrath has come upon them at last!” (2:13-16)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should receive the word of God as the word of God. The words of men are frail and perishing, like themselves, and sometimes false.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Paul’s Longing to See Them Again): “But since we were torn away from you, brothers, for a short time, in person not in heart, we endeavored the more eagerly and with great desire to see you face to face, because we wanted to come to you–I, Paul, again and again–but Satan hindered us.” (2:17-18)
A. INFERENCE: “For what is our hope or joy or crown of boasting before our Lord Jesus at his coming?” (2:19)
1. FINDINGS: “Is it not you?” (2:19)
2. CRITERIA: “For you are our glory and joy.” (2:20)
3. CONDITION: “Though he was absent in body, yet he was present in heart.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “It is in heaven that holy souls shall meet, and never part more.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Satan is a constant enemy to the work of God, and does all he can to obstruct it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those who sow and those who reap shall rejoice together in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ when he comes.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)