Week #145; Wed, Oct 07: 1 Corinthians 4:1–12:31

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

1 Corinthians 4:1, I. The Ministry of Apostles

I. KEY TEXT (The Ministry of Apostles): “This is how one should regard us, as servants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God. Moreover, it is required of stewards that they be found trustworthy. But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you or by any human court. In fact, I do not even judge myself. For I am not aware of anything against myself, but I am not thereby acquitted. It is the Lord who judges me.” (4:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “Therefore do not pronounce judgment before the time, before the Lord comes, who will bring to light the things now hidden in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. Then each one will receive his commendation from God.” (4:5)
1. FINDINGS: “I have applied all these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, that you may learn by us not to go beyond what is written, that none of you may be puffed up in favor of one against another. For who sees anything different in you? What do you have that you did not receive? If then you received it, why do you boast as if you did not receive it?.” (4:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “Already you have all you want! Already you have become rich! Without us you have become kings! And would that you did reign, so that we might share the rule with you! For I think that God has exhibited us apostles as last of all like men sentenced to death, because we have become a spectacle to the world, to angels, and to men. We are fools for Christ’s sake , but you are wise in Christ. We are weak, but you are strong. You are held in honor, but we in disrepute. To the present hour we hunger and thirst, we are poorly dressed and buffeted and homeless, and we labor, working with our own hands. When reviled, we bless; when persecuted, we endure; when slandered, we entreat. We have become, and are still, like the scum of the world, the refuse of all things.” (4:8-13)
3. CONDITION: “I do not write these things to make you ashamed, but to admonish you as my beloved children. For though you have countless guides in Christ, you do not have many fathers. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel. I urge you, then, be imitators of me. That is why I sent you Timothy, my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, to remind you of my ways in Christ, as I teach them everywhere in every church.” (4:14-17)
4. CAUSE: “Some are arrogant, as though I were not coming to you. But I will come to you soon, if the Lord wills, and I will find out not the talk of these arrogant people but their power.” (4:18-19)
5. EFFECT: “For the kingdom of God does not consist in talk but in power. What do you wish? Shall I come to you with a rod, or with love in a spirit of gentleness?” (4:20-21)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Apostles were no more than servants of Christ, but they were not to be undervalued. They had a great trust, and for that reason, had an honorable office. 1 Corinthians 4:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians 5:1, I. Sexual Immorality Defiles the Church

I. KEY TEXT (Sexual Immorality Defiles the Church): “It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not tolerated even among pagans, for a man has his father’s wife. And you are arrogant!” (5:1)
A. INFERENCE: “Ought you not rather to mourn? Let him who has done this be removed from among you.” (5:2)
1. FINDINGS: “For though absent in body, I am present in spirit; and as if present, I have already pronounced judgment on the one who did such a thing. When you are assembled in the name of the Lord Jesus and my spirit is present, with the power of our Lord Jesus, you are to deliver this man to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord.” (5:3-5)
2. CRITERIA: “Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.” (5:6-7)
3. CONDITION: “Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” (5:8)
4. CAUSE: “I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people–not at all meaning the sexually immoral of this world, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world.” (5:9-10)
5. EFFECT: “But now I am writing to your not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother if he is guilty of sexual immorality or greed, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or swindler–not even to eat with such a one. For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Is it not those inside the church whom you are to judge? God judges those outside. Purge the evil person from among you.” (5:11-12)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Christians are to avoid familiar converse with all who disgrace the Christian name. Such are only fit companions for their brethren in sin, and to such company they should be left, whenever it is possible to do so. 1 Corinthians 5:9” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians 6:1, I. Lawsuits Against Believers; II. Flee Sexual Immorality

I. KEY TEXT (Lawsuits Against Believers): “When one of you has a grievance against another, does he dare go to law before the unrighteous instead of the saints?” (6:1)
A. INFERENCE: “Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases?” (6:2)
1. FINDINGS: “Do you not know that we are to judge angels? How much more, then, matters pertaining to this life?” (6:3)
2. CRITERIA: “So if you have such cases, why do you lay them before those who have no standing in the church?” (4)
3. CONDITION: “I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no one among you wise enough to settle a dispute between the brothers, but brother goes to law against brother, and that before unbelievers? To have lawsuits at all with one another is already a defeat for you.” (6:5-7)
4. CAUSE: “Refer the matters in dispute, rather than go to law about them. They are trifles, and may easily be settled, if you first conquer your own spirits. Bear and forbear, and the men of least skill among you may end your quarrels. It is a shame that little quarrels should grow to such a head among Christians, that they cannot be determined by the brethren. 1 Corinthians 6:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Why not rather suffer wrong? Why not rather be defrauded? But you yourselves wrong and defraud–even your own brothers. Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you,. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of God.” (6:8-11)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Christians should not contend with one another, for they are brethren. This, if duly attended to, would prevent many law-suits, and end many quarrels and disputes. In matters of great damage to ourselves or families, we may use lawful means to right ourselves, but Christians should be of a forgiving temper. 1 Corinthians 6:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Flee Sexual Immorality): “’All things are lawful for me,’ but not all things are helpful. ‘All things are lawful for me, ‘ but I will not be enslaved by anything.” (6:12)
A. INFERENCE: “Food is meant for the stomach and the stomach for food;–and God will destroy both one and the other. ‘The body is not meant for sexual immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. And God raised the Lord and will also raise us up by his power. Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? Never!” (6:13-15)
1. FINDINGS: “Or do you not know that he who is joined to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For, as it is written, ‘The two will become one flesh.’ But he who is joined to the Lord becomes one spirit with him.” (6:16-17)
2. CRITERIA: “Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body.” (6:18)
3. CONDITION: “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.” (6:19-20)
4. CAUSE: “There is a liberty wherewith Christ has made us free, in which we must stand fast. But surely a Christian would never put himself into the power of any bodily appetite. The body is for the Lord; is to be an instrument of righteousness to holiness, therefore is never to be made an instrument of sin. 1 Corinthians 6:12” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is an honor to the body, that Jesus Christ was raised from the dead; and it will be an honor to our bodies, that they will be raised. The hope of a resurrection to glory, should keep Christians from dishonoring their bodies by fleshly lusts. And if the soul be united to Christ by faith, the whole man is become a member of his spiritual body. 1 Corinthians 6:12” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Its effects fall not only directly upon the body, but often upon the mind. Our bodies have been redeemed from deserved condemnation and hopeless slavery by the atoning sacrifice of Christ. We are to be clean, as vessels fitted for our Master’s use. Being united to Christ as one spirit, and bought with a price of unspeakable value, the believer should consider himself as wholly the Lord’s, by the strongest ties. 1 Corinthians 6:12” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians 7:1, Principles for Marriage; II. Live as You Are Called; III. The Unmarried and the Widowed

I. KEY TEXT (Principles for Marriage): “Now concerning the matters about which you wrote: ‘It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.’ But because of the temptation to sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband.” (7:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “The husband should give to his wife here conjugal rights, and likewise the wife to her husband. For the wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does. Likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does.” (7:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “Do not deprive one another, except perhaps by agreement for a limited time, that you may devote yourselves to prayer; but then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.” (7:5)
2. CRITERIA: “Now as a concession, not a command, I say this. I wish that all were as I myself am. But each has his own gift from God, one of one kind and one of another. To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is good for them to remain single as I am. But if they cannot exercise self-control, they should marry. For it is better to marry than to burn with passion. To the married I give this charge (not I, but the Lord): the wife should not separate from her husband (but if she does, she should remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband), and the husband should not divorce his wife. To the rest I say (I, not the Lord) that if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she consents to live with him, he should not divorce her. If any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he consents to live with her, she should not divorce him. For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy.” (7:6-14)
3. CONDITION: “But if the unbelieving partner separates, let it be so. In such cases the brother or sister is not enslaved. God has called you to peace.” (7:15)
4. CAUSE: “For how do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband? Or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife?” (7:16)
5. EFFECT: “Man and wife must not separate for any other cause than what Christ allows. Divorce, at that time, was very common among both Jews and Gentiles, on very slight pretexts. Marriage is a Divine institution; and is an engagement for life, by God’s appointment. 1 Corinthians 7:10” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It should be the labor and study of those who are married, to make each other as easy and happy as possible. 1 Corinthians 7:10” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Live as You Are Called): “Only let each person lead the life that the Lord has assigned to him, and to which God has called him. This is my rule in all the churches.” (7:17)
A. INFERENCE: “Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised? Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision. Was anyone at the time of his call uncircumcised? Let him not seek circumcision.” (7:18)
1. FINDINGS: “For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God. Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called.” (7:19-20)
2. CRITERIA: “Were you a slave when called? Do not be concerned about it (But if you can gain your freedom, avail yourself of the opportunity.)” (7:21)
3. CONDITION: “For he who was called in the Lord as a slave is a freedman of the Lord. Likewise he who was free when called is a slave of Christ.” (7:22)
4. CAUSE: “You were bought with a price; do not become slaves of men.” (7:23)
5. EFFECT: “So, brothers, in whatever condition each was called, there let him remain with God” (7:24)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “In every state and relation the Lord has called us to peace; and every thing should be done to promote harmony, as far as truth and holiness will permit. 1 Corinthians 7:10” (Matthew Henrys Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Unmarried and the Widowed): “Now concerning the betrothed, I have no command from the Lord, but I give my judgment as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy.” (7:25)
A. INFERENCE: “I think that in view of the present distress it is good for a person to remain as he is. Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be free. Are you free from a wife? Do not seek a wife.” (7:26)
1. FINDINGS: “But if you do marry, you have not sinned, and if a betrothed woman marries, she has not sinned.” (7:27)
2. CRITERIA: “Yet those who marry will have world troubles, and I would spare you that. This is what I mean, brothers: the appointed time has grown very short. From now on, let those who have wives live as though they had none, and those who mourn as though they were not mourning, and those who rejoice as though they were not rejoicing, and those who buy as though they had no goods, and those who deal with the world as though they had no dealings with it. For the present form of this world is passing away.” (7:28-31)
3. CONDITION: “I want you to be free from anxieties. The unmarried man is anxious about the things of the Lord, how to please the Lord. But the married man is anxious about worldly things, how to please his wife, and his interests are divided. And the unmarried or betrothed woman is anxious about the things of the Lord, how to be holy in body and spirit. But the married woman is anxious about worldly things, how to please her husband. I say this for your own benefit, not to lay any restraint upon you, but to promote good order and to secure your undivided devotion to the Lord.” (7:32-35)
4. CAUSE: “If anyone thinks that he is not behaving properly toward his betrothed, if his passions are strong, and it has to be, let him do as he wishes; let them marry–it is no sin. But whoever is firmly established in his heart, being under no necessity but having his desire under control, and has determined this in his heart, to keep her as his betrothed, he will do well. So then he who marries his betrothed does well, and he who refrains from marriage will do even better.” (7:36-38)
5. EFFECT: “A wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives. But if her husband dies, she is free to be married to whom she wishes, only in the Lord. Yet in my judgment she is happier if she remains as she is. And I think that I too have the Spirit of God.” (7:39-40)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Change of condition ought only to be made after careful consideration, and on probable grounds, that it will be to advantage in our spiritual concerns. 1 Corinthians 7:36” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians 8:1, I. Food Offered to Idols

I. KEY TEXT (Food Offered to Idols): “Now concerning food offered to idols: we know that ‘all of us possess knowledge.’ This ‘knowledge’ puffs up, but love builds up. If anyone imagines that he knows something, he does not yet know as he ought to know. But if anyone loves God, he is known by God.” (8:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “Therefore, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that ‘an idol has no real existence,’ and that ‘there is no God but one.’ For although there may be so-called gods in heaven or on earth–as indeed there are many gods’ and many ‘lords’–yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.” (8:4-6)
1. FINDINGS: “However, not all possess this knowledge. But some, through former association with idols, eat food as really offered to an idol, and their conscience, being weak, is defiled.” (8:7)
2. CRITERIA: “Food will not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do.” (8:8)
3. CONDITION: “But take care that this right of yours does not somehow become a stumbling block to the weak. For if anyone sees you who have knowledge eating in an idol’s temple, will he not be encouraged, if his conscience is weak, to eat food offered to idols? And so by your knowledge this weak person is destroyed, the brother for whom Christ died.” (8:9-11)
4. CAUSE: “Thus, sinning against your brothers and wounding their conscience when it is weak, you sin against Christ. ” (8:12)
5. EFFECT: “Therefore, if food makes my brother stumble, I will never eat meat, lest I make my brother stumble.” (8:13)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Men cannot thus sin against their brethren, without offending Christ, and endangering their own souls. 1 Corinthians 8:7” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians 9:1, I. Paul Surrenders His Rights

I. KEY TEXT (Paul Surrenders His Rights): “Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? Are not you my workmanship in the Lord? If to others I am not an apostle, at least I am to you, for you are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord.” (9:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “This is my defense to those who would examine me. Do we not have the right to eat and drink? Do we not have the right to take along a believing wife, as do the other apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas? Or is it only Barnabas and I who have no right to refrain from working for a living? Who serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard without eating any of its fruit? Or who tends a flock without getting some of the milk?” (9:3-7)
1. FINDINGS: “Do I say these things on human authority? Does not the Law say the same? For it is written in the Law of Moses, ‘You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain.’ Is it for oxen that God is concerned? Does he not speak entirely for our sake? It was written for our sake, because the plowman should plow in hope and the thresher thresh in hope of sharing in the crop. If we have sown spiritual things among you, is it too much if we reap material things from you? If others share this rightful claim on you, do not we even more?” (9:8-12)
2. CRITERIA: “Nevertheless, we have not made use of this right, but we endure anything rather than put an obstacle in the way of the gospel of Christ. Do you not know that those who are employed in the temple service get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in the sacrificial offerings? In the same way, the Lord commanded that those who proclaim the gospel should get their living by the gospel,” (9:12-14)
3. CONDITION: “But I have made no use of any of these rights, nor am I writing these things to secure any such provision. For I would rather die than have anyone deprive me of my ground for boasting. For if I preach the gospel, that gives me no ground for boasting. For necessity is laid upon me. Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel!” (9:15-16)
4. CAUSE: “For if I do this of my own will, I have a reward, but if not of my own will, I am still entrusted with a stewardship. What then is my reward? That in my preaching I may present the gospel free of charge, so as not to make full use of my right in the gospel.” (9:17-18)
5. EFFECT: “For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them. To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though not being myself under the law) that I might win those under the law. To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (not being outside the law of God but under the law of Christ) that I might win those outside the law. To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings. Do you know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable (one of five crowns). So I do not run aimlessly; I do not box as one beating the air. But I discipline my body and keep it under control, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified.” (9:19-27)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He sets before himself and them the danger of yielding to fleshly desires, pampering the body, and its lusts and appetites. 1 Corinthians 9:24” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians 10, I. Warning Against Idolatry; II. Do All to the Glory of God

I. KEY TEXT (Warning Against Idolatry): “For I want you to know, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, and all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.” (10:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “Nevertheless, with most of them God was not pleased, for they were overthrown in the wilderness.” (10:5)
1. FINDINGS: “Now these things took place as examples for us, that we might not desire evil as they did. Do not be idolaters as some of them were; as it is written, ‘The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.’ We must not indulge in sexual immorality as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in a single day.” (10:6-8)
2. CRITERIA: “We must not put Christ to the test, as some of them did and were destroyed by serpents, nor grumble, as some of them did and were destroyed by the Destroyer. Now these things happened to them as an example, but they were written down for our instruction, on whom the end of the ages has come. Therefore let anyone who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall. No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it.” (10:9-13)
3. CONDITION: “Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry. I speak as to sensible people; judge for yourselves what I say. The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ. Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread. Consider the people of Israel: are not those who eat the sacrifices participants in the altar? What do I imply then? That food offered to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? No, I imply that what pagans sacrifice they offer to demons and not to God. I do not want you to be participants with demons.” (10:14-20)
4. CAUSE: “You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons.” (10:21)
5. EFFECT: “Shall we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he?” (10:22)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Christians should take care not to use their liberty to the hurt of others, or to their own reproach. In eating and drinking, and in all we do, we should aim at the glory of God, at pleasing and honoring him. 1 Corinthians 10:23” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Do All to the Glory of God): “’All things are lawful,’ but not all things are helpful. ‘All things are lawful,’ but not all things build up. Let no one seek his own good, but the good of his neighbor. Eat whatever is sold in the meat market without raising any question on the ground of conscience. For the earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof.” (10:23-26)
A. INFERENCE: “If one of the unbelievers invites you to dinner and you are disposed to go, eat whatever is set before you without raising any question on the ground of conscience.” (10:27)
1. FINDINGS: “But if someone says to you, ‘This has been offered in sacrifice,’ then do not eat it, for the sake of the one who informed you, and for the sake of conscience–I do mean you conscience, but his. For why should my liberty be determined by someone else’s conscience? If I partake with thankfulness, why am I denounced because of that for which I give thanks?” (10:28-30)
2. CRITERIA: “So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. ” (10:31)
3. CONDITION: “Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, just as I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved.” (10:32-33)
4. CAUSE: “In every meal and act we must so conduct ourselves that praise and honor may redound to God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christians should take care not to use their liberty to the hurt of others, or to their own reproach. In eating and drinking, and in all we do, we should aim at the glory of God, at pleasing and honoring him. 1 Corinthians 10:23” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “A holy, peaceable, and benevolent spirit, will disarm the greatest enemies. 1 Corinthians 10:23” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians:11, I. Head Coverings; II. The Lord’s Supper

I. KEY TEXT (Head Coverings): “Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ. Now I commend you because you remember me in everything and maintain the traditions even as I delivered them to you. But I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ, the head of a wife is her husband, and the head of Christ is God.” (11:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “Every man who prays or prophesizes with his head covered dishonors his head, but every wife who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, since it is the same as if her head were shaven.” (11:4)
1. FINDINGS: “For if a wife will not cover her head, then she should cut her hair short. But since it is disgraceful for a wife to cut off her hair or shave her head, let her cover her head. For a man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God, but woman is the glory of man.” (11:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “For man was not made from woman, but woman from man. Neither was man created for woman, but woman for man. That is why a wife ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the angels.” (11:8-10)
3. CONDITION: “Nevertheless, in the Lord woman is not independent of man nor man of woman; for as woman was made from man, so man is now born of woman. And all things are from God.” (11:11-12)
4. CAUSE: “Judge for yourselves; is it proper for a wife to pray to God with her head uncovered? Does not nature itself teach you that if a man wears long hair it is a disgrace for him, but if a woman has long hair, it is her glory? For her hair is given to her for a covering.” (11:13-15)
5. EFFECT: “If anyone is inclined to be contentious, we have no such practice, nor do the churches of God.” (11:16)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Though our intelligence may give us a wide liberty in regard to personal conduct, we must allow a check to be placed on it by the thoughtfulness of Christian love.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Lord’s Supper): “But in the following instructions I do not commend you, because when you come together it is not for the better but for the worse. For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe it in part, for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized.” (11:17-19)
A. INFERENCE: “When you come together, it is not the Lord’s supper that you eat. For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry, another gets drunk.” (11:20-21)
1. FINDINGS: “What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and humiliate those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I commend you in this? No, I will not.” (11:22)
2. CRITERIA: “For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, ‘This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.’ In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.’ For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.” (11:23-26)
3. CONDITION: “Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord. Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks judgment on himself.” (11:27-29)
4. CAUSE: “That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died.” (11:30)
5. EFFECT: “But if we judged ourselves truly, we would not be judged. But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world. So then, by brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for one another–if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home–so that when you come together it will not be for judgment. About the other things I will give directions when I come.” (11:31-34)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let all look to it, that they do not come together to God’s worship, so as to provoke him, and bring down vengeance on themselves. 1 Corinthians 11:23” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

1 Corinthians:12, I. Spiritual Gifts; II. One Body with Many Members

I. KEY TEXT (Spiritual Gifts): “Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be uninformed. You know that when you were pagans you were led astray to mute idols, however you were led.” (12:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Therefore I want you to understand that no one speaking in the Spirit of God ever says ‘Jesus is accursed!’ and no one can say ‘Jesus is Lord’ except in the Holy Spirit.” (12:3)
1. FINDINGS: “Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.” (12:4-10)
2. CRITERIA: “All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills.” (12:11)
3. CONDITION: “If we have any knowledge of the truth, or any power to make it known, we must give all the glory of God. 1 Corinthians 12:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “We have little cause to glory in any gifts bestowed on us, or to despise those who have them not. 1 Corinthians 12:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Notice that the allotment is made by the Holy Spirit acting sovereignly as He will, 1Co_12:11. We are not informed when it is made-perhaps it is at the moment of our regeneration or adoption-but it is important to bear in mind that our gifts will probably correspond with our natural endowment. Hence our Lord tells us that to every man was given according to his several ability, Matthew 25:15.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Know the sum is, “None have the Holy Spirit but Christians: all Christians have this Spirit.” (John Wesley)

II. KEY TEXT (One Body with Many Members): “For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ.” (12:12)
A. INFERENCE: “For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body–Jews or Greeks, slaves or free–and all were made to drink of one Spirit.” (12:13)
1. FINDINGS: “For the body does not consist of one member but of many. If the foot should say, ‘Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body,’ that would not make it any less a part of the body. And if the ear should say, ‘Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,’ that would not make it any less a part of the body. If the whole body were an eye, where would be the sense of hearing? If the whole body were an ear, where would be the sense of smell? But as it is, God arranged the members in the body, each one of them, as he chose. If all were a single member, where would the body be? As it is, there are many parts, yet one body. The eye cannot say to the hand, ‘I have no need of you,’ nor again the head to the feet, ‘I have no need of you.’ On the contrary, the parts of the body that seem to be weaker are indispensable, and on those parts of the body that we think less honorable we bestow the greater honor, and our unpresentable parts are treated with greater modesty, which our more presentable parts do not require.” (12:14-24)
2. CRITERIA: “But God has so composed the body, giving greater honor to the part that lacked it, that there may be no division in the body, but that the members may have the same care for one another. If one member suffers, all suffer together; if one member is honored, all rejoice together.” (12:25-26)
3. CONDITION: “Now you are the body of Christ and individually members of it. And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helping, administrating, and various kinds of tongues.” (12:27-28)
4. CAUSE: “Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work miracles? Do all possess gifts of healing? Do all speak with tongues? Do all interpret?” (12:29-31)
5. EFFECT: “But earnestly desire the higher gifts. And I will show you a still more excellent way.” (12:31)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “How blessed the Christian church, if all the members did their duty! Instead of coveting the highest stations, or the most splendid gifts, let us leave the appointment of his instruments to God, and those in whom he works by his providence. 1 Corinthians 12:27” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

One thought on “Week #145; Wed, Oct 07: 1 Corinthians 4–12

  1. In Windows 10 you can right click and select “Read Aloud” and listen while you brew your coffee and flip your pancakes.

    Note that one of the five crowns of life is identified in 1 Corinthians 9:25.

    Also note attention is paid to Deut. 32:21, Eccles. 6:10, and Ezek. 22:14 pertaining to 23,000 fallen in a single day as stated in 1 Corinthians 10:8.

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