Week #136; Wed, Aug 05: John 12:1–17:26

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

John 12:1, I. Mary Anoints Jesus at Bethany; II. The Plot to Kill Lazarus; III. The Triumphal Entry; IV. Some Greeks Seek Jesus; V. The Son of Man Must Be Lifted Up; VI. The Unbelief of the People; VII. Jesus Came to Save the World

I. KEY TEXT (Mary Anoints Jesus at Bethany): “Six days before the Passover, Jesus therefore came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. So they gave a dinner for him there. Martha served, and Lazarus was one of those reclining with him at table.” (12:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Mary therefore took a pound of expensive ointment made from pure nard, and anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped his feet with her hair. The house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume. But Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples (he who was about to betray him), said, ‘Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?’ He said this, not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief, and having charge of the moneybag he used to help himself to what was put into it.” (12:3-6)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said, ‘Leave her alone, so that she may keep it for the day of my burial. For the poor you always have with you, but you do not always have me.'” (12:7-8)
2. CRITERIA: “Mary gave a token of love to Christ, who had given real tokens of his love to her and her family. God’s Anointed should be our Anointed. Has God poured on him the oil of gladness above his fellows, let us pour on him the ointment of our best affections.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The grace of Christ puts kind comments on pious words and actions, makes the best of what is amiss, and the most of what is good.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The success of the gospel often makes wicked men so angry, that they speak and act as if they hoped to obtain a victory over the Almighty himself.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “. . . not that she thought of His burial, much less reserved any of her nard to anoint her dead Lord. But as the time was so near at hand when that office would have to be performed, and she was not to have that privilege even after the spices were brought for the purpose (Mark 16:1), He lovingly regards it as done now.” (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Focus on the real Treasure; Jesus.

II. KEY TEXT (The Plot to Kill Lazarus): “When the large crowd of the Jews learned that Jesus was there, they came, not only on account of him but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.” (12:9-10)
A. INFERENCE: “So the chief priests made plans to put Lazarus to death as well, because on account of him many of the Jews were going away and believing in Jesus.” (12:11)
1. FINDINGS: “To consult to hinder the further effect of the miracle, by putting Lazarus to death, is such wickedness, malice, and folly, as cannot be explained, except by the desperate enmity of the human heart against God. John 12:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “They resolved that the man should die whom the Lord had raised to life. John 12:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The success of the gospel often makes wicked men so angry, that they speak and act as if they hoped to obtain a victory over the Almighty himself. John 12:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Crowds of the Jerusalem Jews hastened to Bethany, not so much to see Jesus, whom they knew to be there, as to see dead Lazarus alive; and this, issuing in their accession to Christ, led to a plot against the life of Lazarus also, as the only means of arresting the triumphs of Jesus (John 12:19)” (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “. . . these chief priests come of diabolical determination to shut out the light from themselves, and quench it from the earth!” (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Trust the Light and His miracles.

III. KEY TEXT (The Triumphal Entry): “The next day the large crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem. So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him, crying out, ‘Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, even the King of Israel!” (12:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, just as it is written, ‘Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold, you king is coming, sitting on a donkey’s colt!” (12:14-15)
1. FINDINGS: “His disciples did not understand these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things had been written about him and had been done to him.” (12:16)
2. CRITERIA: “The crowd that had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to bear witness.” (12:17)
3. CONDITION: “The reason why the crowd went to meet him was that they heard he had done this sign.” (12:18)
4. CAUSE: “So the Pharisees said to one another, ‘You see that you are gaining nothing. Look, the world has gone after him.'” (12:19)
5. EFFECT: “This miracle confirmed them in the belief of his other miracles, which they had heard he wrought in Galilee: what was impossible to him that could raise the dead?” (Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The Messianic predictions were trustworthy then (and now).” (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Some Greeks Seek Jesus): “Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some Greeks. So these came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and asked him, ‘Sir, we wish to see Jesus.’ Philip went and told Andrew; Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus.” (12:20-21)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus answered them, ‘The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.” (12:22-24)
1. FINDINGS: “Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. If anyone serves me, he must follow me; and where I am, there will my servant be also. If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him.'” (12:25-26)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ’s acceptance of this honor, he foretells both the honor which he himself should have in being followed and the honor which those should have who followed him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “He foresees that plentiful harvest, in the conversion of the Gentiles, of which this was as it were the first-fruits.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “See here the fatal consequences of an inordinate love of life; many a man hugs himself to death, and loses his life by over-loving it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “He who is so much in love with the life of the body, as to deny Christ, he shall lose it, that is, lose a real happiness in the other world, while he thinks to secure an imaginary one in this.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Follow Him.

V. KEY TEXT (The Son of Man Must Be Lifted Up): “‘Now is my soul troubled. And what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour? Father, glorify your name.’ Then a voice came from heaven: ‘I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again.'” (12:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “The crowd that stood there and heard it said that it had thundered. Others said, ‘An angel has spoken to him.'” (12:29)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘This voice has come for your sake, not mine. Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out. And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.'” (12:30-32)
2. CRITERIA: “He said this to show by what kind of death he was going to die. So the crowd answered him, ‘We have heard from the Law that the Christ remains forever. How can you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? Who is the Son of Man?'” (12:33-34)
3. CONDITION: “So Jesus said to them, ‘The light is among you for a little while longer.” (12:35)
4. CAUSE: “Troubled of heart sometimes follows after great enlargements of spirit (dread, distress, feelings, short time, and acquiescence in his Father’s will and honor) ” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Walk while you have the light, lest darkness overtake you. The one who walks in the darkness does not know where he is going. While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may become sons of light.'” (12:36)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Jesus could have thought, ‘Plan the work, work the plan.’

VI. KEY TEXT (The Unbelief of the People): “When Jesus had said these things, he departed and hid himself from them. Though he had done so many signs before them, they still did not believe in him, so that the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: ‘Lord, who has believed what he heard from us, and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?’ Therefore they could not believe. For again Isaiah said, ‘He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them.'” (12:36-40)
A. INFERENCE: “Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory and spoke of him.” (12:41)
1. FINDINGS: “Nevertheless, many even of the authorities believed in him, but for fear of the Pharisees they did not confess it, so that they would not be put out of the synagogue; for they loved the glory that comes from man more than the glory that comes from God.” (12:41-43)
2. CRITERIA: “The sin of our souls was the troubled of Christ’s soul, when he undertook to redeem and save us, and to make his soul an offering for our sin. Christ was willing to suffer, yet prayed to be saved from suffering. ” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Prayer against trouble may well agree with patience under it, and submission to the will of God in it. Our Lord Jesus undertook to satisfy God’s injured honor, and he did it by humbling himself.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ, reconciling the world to God by the merit of his death, broke the power of death, and cast out Satan as a destroyer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ, bringing the world to God by the doctrine of his cross, broke the power of sin, and cast out Satan as a deceiver. The soul that was at a distance from Christ, is brought to love him and trust him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “There is power in the death of Christ to draw souls to him. We have heard from the gospel that which exalts free grace, and we have heard also that which enjoins duty; we must from the heart embrace both, and not separate them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Came to Save the World): “And Jesus cried out and said, ‘Whoever believes in me, believes not in me but in him who sent me. And whoever sees me sees him who sent me. I have come into the world as light, so that whoever believes in me may not remain in darkness.'” (12:44-46)
A. INFERENCE: “‘If anyone hears my words and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world but to save it.'” (12:47)
1. FINDINGS: “‘The one who rejects me and does not receive my words has a judge; the word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day.'” (12:48)
2. CRITERIA: “‘For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment–what to say and what to speak.'” (12:49)
3. CONDITION: “‘And I know that his commandment is eternal life. What I say, therefore, I say as the Father has told me.'” (12:50)
4. CAUSE: “. . . save the world.” (12:47)
5. EFFECT: “. . . will judge him on the last day.” (12:48)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Know His Word and do it.

John 13:1, I. Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet; II. One of You Will Betray Me; III. A New Commandment; IV. Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet): “Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. During supper, when the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him, Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, rose from supper. He laid aside his outer garments, and taking a towel, tied it around his waist. Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him.” (13:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, do you wash my feet?’ Jesus answered him, ‘What I am doing you do not understand now, but afterward you will understand.’ Peter said to him, ‘You shall never wash my feet.'” (13:6-8)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered him, ‘If I do not wash you, you have no share with me.’ Simon Peter said to him, ‘Lord, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!'” (13:7-9)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus said to him, ‘The one who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but is completely clean. And you are clean but not everyone of you.’ For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, ‘Not all of you are clean.'” (13:10-11)
3. CONDITION: “When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments and resumed his place, he said to them, ‘Do you understand what I have done to you? You call me Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet.” (13:12-14)
4. CAUSE: “For I have given you an example that you also should do just as I have done to you. Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.” (13:15-16)
5. EFFECT: “If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them. I am not speaking of all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But the Scripture will be fulfilled, ‘He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.’ I am telling you this now, before it takes place, that when it does take place you may believe that I am he. Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.” (13:17-20)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Scripture will be fulfilled.” (13:18)

II. KEY TEXT (One of You Will Betray Me): “After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.’ The disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he spoke. One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclining at table close to Jesus, so Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking.” (13:21-24)
A. INFERENCE: “So that disciple, leaning back against Jesus, said to him, ‘Lord, who is it?'” (13:25)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread when I have dipped it.’ So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. Then after he had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, ‘What you are going to do do quickly.'” (13:26-27)
2. CRITERIA: “Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, ‘Buy what we need for the feast,’ or that he should give something to the poor. ” (13:28-29)
3. CONDITION: “So, after receiving the morsel of bread, he immediately went out. And it was night.” (13:30)
4. CAUSE: “Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly — that is, Why linger here? Thy presence is a restraint, and thy work stands still; thou hast the wages of iniquity, go work for it!” (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When he had gone out, Jesus said, ‘Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in him.'” (13:31)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Glory be to God.

III. KEY TEXT (A New Commandment): “When he had gone out, Jesus said, ‘Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once.” (13:31-32)
A. INFERENCE: “Little children, yet a little while I am with you. You will seek me, and just as I said to the Jews, so now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going you cannot come.'” (13:33)
1. FINDINGS: “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” (13:34-35)
2. CRITERIA: “That, if the followers of Christ do not love one another, they not only cast an unjust reproach upon their profession, but give just cause to suspect their own sincerity.” (Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible)
3. CONDITION: “It was a relief when the traitor was gone. The Lord could now speak freely of His love and of His approaching glory, expatiating on the shining tablelands, but not as yet revealing even to Peter the dark ravine which separated Him from them, and the shadows which He was already entering. Peter was most anxious to be with Jesus wherever He was. Life without Jesus seemed impossible.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ had been glorified in many miracles he wrought, yet he speaks of his being glorified now in his sufferings, as if that were more than all his other glories in his humbled state. John 13:31” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Satisfaction was thereby made for the wrong done to God by the sin of man. We cannot now follow our Lord to his heavenly happiness, but if we truly believe in him, we shall follow him hereafter; meanwhile we must wait his time, and do his work. John 13:31” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Love one another.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial): “Simon Peter said to him, ‘Lord, where are you going?’ Jesus answered him, ‘Where I am going you cannot follow me now, but you will follow afterward.'” (13:36)
A. INFERENCE: “Peter said to him, ‘Lord, why can I not follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.” (13:37)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘will you lay down your life for me? Truly, truly, I say to you, the rooster will not crow till you have denied me three times.” (13:38)
2. CRITERIA: “Peter relied upon his strong resolution to keep him faithful to his Master, but found it unavailing, as we have ourselves experienced many a time. Do not vaunt in self-confidence what you will or will not do, but seek strength from the living Lord.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What Christ had said concerning brotherly love, Peter overlooked, but spoke of that about which Christ kept them ignorant. John 13:36” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is common to be more eager to know about secret things, which belong to God only, than about things revealed, which belong to us and our children; to be more desirous to have our curiosity gratified, than our consciences directed; to know what is done in heaven, than what we may do to get thither. John 13:36” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ knows us better than we know ourselves, and has many ways of discovering those to themselves, whom he loves, and he will hide pride from them. May we endeavor to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, to love one another with a pure heart fervently, and to walk humbly with our God. John 13:36” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Follow Jesus.

John 14:1, I. I Am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life; II. Jesus Promises the Holy Spirit

I. KEY TEXT (I Am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life): “Let not your hearts be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in me. In my Father’s house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also. And you know the way to where I am going.'” (14:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “Thomas said to him, ‘Lord, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?” (14:5)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. If you had known me, you would have known my Father also. From now on you do know him and have seen him.'” (14:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “Philip said to him, ‘Lord show us the Father, and it is enough for us.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Gather and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father is in me, or else believe on account of the works themselves.” (14:8-11)
3. CONDITION: “Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes in me will also do the works that I do; and greater works than these will he do, because I am going to the Father. ” (14:12-13)
4. CAUSE: “Whatever you ask in my name, this I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you ask me anything in my name, I will do it.” (14:14)
5. EFFECT: “To ask in Christ’s name, is to plead his merit and intercession, and to depend upon that plea. John 14:12” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Ask in Christ’s name.

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Promises the Holy Spirit): “If you love me, you will keep my commandment. And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.” (14:15-17)
A. INFERENCE: “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.” (14:18-20)
1. FINDINGS: “Whoever has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me. And he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him.'” (14:21)
2. CRITERIA: “Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world? Jesus answered him, ‘If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.” (14:22-24)
3. CONDITION: “These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid.” (14:25-27)
4. CAUSE: “You heard me say to you, I am going away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. And now I have told you before it takes place, so that when it does take place you may believe.” (14:28-29)
5. EFFECT: “I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming. He has no claim on me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Rise let us go from here.” (14:30-31)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Listen for the Holy Spirit and obey.

John 15:1, I. I Am the True Vine; II. The Hatred of the World

I. KEY TEXT (I Am the True Vine): “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit. Already you are clean because of the word that I have spoken to you. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me.” (15:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned. If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples. As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Abide in my love. If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love. These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full.” (15:5-11)
1. FINDINGS: “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you. You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit and that your fruit should abide so that whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you. These things I command you, so that you will love one another.” (15:12-17)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus Christ is the Vine, the true Vine. The union of the human and Divine natures, and the fullness of the Spirit that is in him, resemble the root of the vine made fruitful by the moisture from a rich soil. Believers are branches of this Vine. The root is unseen, and our life is hid with Christ; the root bears the tree, diffuses sap to it, and in Christ are all supports and supplies. The branches of the vine are many, yet, meeting in the root, are all but one vine; thus all true Christians, though in place and opinion distant from each other, meet in Christ. John 15:1” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Those whom God loves as a Father, may despise the hatred of all the world. As the Father loved Christ, who was most worthy, so he loved his disciples, who were unworthy. All that love the Savior should continue in their love to him, and take all occasions to show it. The joy of the hypocrite is but for a moment, but the joy of those who abide in Christ’s love is a continual feast. John 15:9” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “They are to show their love to him by keeping his commandments. If the same power that first shed abroad the love of Christ in our hearts, did not keep us in that love, we should not long abide in it. Christ’s love to us should direct us to love each other. John 15:9” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In each Christian century there has been this double witness of the Spirit in the Church. The voice of the Church has testified to the living Christ, not arguing but attesting; and to each word of testimony the Holy Spirit has borne assenting witness. Christian apologetics are of less importance than the witness of obscure but Spirit-led lives.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Bring forth fruit.

II. KEY TEXT (The Hatred of the World): “If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. Remember the word that I said to you: ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they kept my word, they will also keep yours.” (15:18-20)
A. INFERENCE: “But all these things they will do to you on account of my name, because they do not know him who sent me. If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have been guilty of sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.” (15:21)
1. FINDINGS: “Whoever hates me hates my Father also.” (15:23)
2. CRITERIA: “If I had not done among them the works that no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin, but now they have seen and hated both me and my Father. But the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: ‘They hated me without cause.'” (15:24-25)
3. CONDITION: “But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness about me. And you also will bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning.” (15:26-27)
4. CAUSE: “The blessed Spirit will maintain the cause of Christ in the world, notwithstanding the opposition it meets with. Believers taught and encouraged by his influences, would bear testimony to Christ and his salvation. John 15:26” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “. . . that the Word might be fulfilled.” (Jamieson, Fausett, Brown Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Witness while we can (Search on: Evangelist Frank Jenner George Street Sydney Australia).

John 16:1, I. The Work of the Holy Spirit; II. Your Sorrow Will Turn into Joy; III. I Have Overcome the World

I. KEY TEXT (The Work of the Holy Spirit): “I have said all these things to you to keep you from falling away. They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, the hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God. And they will do these things because they have not known the Father, nor me. But I have said these things to you, that when their hour comes you may remember that I told them to you.” (16:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “I did not say these things to you from the beginning, because I was with you. But now I am going to him who sent me, and none of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’ But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you.” (16:5-7)
1. FINDINGS: “And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.” (16:8-11)
2. CRITERIA: “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.” (16:12-13)
3. CONDITION: “He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you. All that the Father has is mine; therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you.” (16:14-15)
4. CAUSE: “Christ’s departure was necessary to the Comforter’s coming. Sending the Spirit was to be the fruit of Christ’s death, which was his going away. His bodily presence could be only in one place at one time, but his Spirit is every where, in all places, at all times, wherever two or three are gathered together in his name. John 16:7” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “See here the office of the Spirit, first to reprove, or to convince. Convincing work is the Spirit’s work; he can do it effectually, and none but he. It is the method the Holy Spirit takes, first to convince, and then to comfort. The Spirit shall convince the world, of sin; not merely tell them of it. John 16:7” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It behooves every one to ask, whether the Holy Spirit has begun a good work in his heart? Without clear discovery of our guilt and danger, we never shall understand the value of Christ’s salvation; but when brought to know ourselves aright, we begin to see the value of the Redeemer. We should have fuller views of the Redeemer, and more lively affection to him, if we more prayed for, and depended on the Holy Spirit. John 16:7” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Your Sorrow Will Turn into Joy): “‘A little while, and you will see me no longer; and again a little while, and you will see me.’ So some of his disciples said to one another, ‘What is this that he says to us, ‘A little while, and you will not see me, and again a little while, and you will see me’ and, ‘because I am going to the Father”” (16:16-17)
A. INFERENCE: “So they were saying, ‘What does he mean by a little while’? We do not know what he is talking about.’ Jesus knew that they wanted to ask him , so he said to them, ‘Is this what you are asking yourselves, what I meant by saying, ‘A little while and you will not see me, and again a little while and you will see me’?” (16:18-19)
1. FINDINGS: “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn into joy.” (16:20)
2. CRITERIA: “When a woman is giving birth, she has sorrow because her hour has come, but when she has delivered the baby, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world. So also you have sorrow now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from you.” (16:21-22)
3. CONDITION: “In that day you will ask nothing of me. Truly, truly, I say to you, whatever you ask of the Father in my name, he will give it to you.” (16:23)
4. CAUSE: “Until now you have asked nothing in my name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full.” (16:24)
5. EFFECT: “Our Lord had hitherto spoken in short and weighty sentences, or in parables, the import of which the disciples did not fully understand, but after his resurrection he intended plainly to teach them such things as related to the Father and the way to him, through his intercession. John 16:23” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Pray for the Helper.

III. KEY TEXT (I Have Overcome the World): “I have said these things to you in figures of speech. The hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figures of speech but will tell you plainly about the Father.” (16:25)
A. INFERENCE: “In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I will ask the Father on your behalf; for the Father himself loves you, because you have love me and have believed that I came from God.” (16:26-27)
1. FINDINGS: “I came from the Father and have come into the world, and now I am leaving the world and going to the Father.” (16:28)
2. CRITERIA: “His disciples said, ‘Ah, now you are speaking plainly and not using figurative speech! Now we know that you know all things and do not need anyone to question you; this is why we believe that you came from God.'” (16:29-30)
3. CONDITION: “Jesus answered them, ‘Do you now believe? Behold, the hour is coming, indeed it has come, when you will be scattered, each to his own home, and will leave me alone. Yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me.” (16:31-32)
4. CAUSE: “I have said these things to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation. But take heart; I have overcome the world.” (16:33)
5. EFFECT: “But in a little while, when the entire mystery of His will has been fulfilled, we shall see Him face to face, and He will speak to us plainly about the things that we do not now understand.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We ought to be encouraged, because Christ has overcome the world before us. But while we think we stand, let us take heed lest we fall. We know not how we should act if brought into temptation; let us watch and pray without ceasing, that we may not be left to ourselves. John 16:28” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

John 17:1, I. The High Priestly Prayer

I. KEY TEXT (The High Priestly Prayer): “When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven and said, ‘Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.” (17:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus whom you have sent. I glorify you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do. And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with glory that I had with you before the world existed.” (17:3-5)
1. FINDINGS: “I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. Now they know that everything that you have given me is from you.” (17:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me. I am praying for them. I am not praying for the world but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours.” (17:8-9)
3. CONDITION: “All mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them. And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you have given me, that they may be one, even as we are one.” (17:10-11)
4. CAUSE: “While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have guarded them, and not one of them has been lost except the son of destruction, that Scriptures might be fulfilled.” (17:12)
5. EFFECT: “But now I am coming to you, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have my joy fulfilled in themselves. I have given them your word, and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. I do not ask that you take them out of the world but that you keep them from the evil one. They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth. As you sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth. I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me. The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, ,so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me. Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory that you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world. O righteous Father, even though the world does not know you, I know you, and these know that you have sent me. I made known to them your name, and I will continue to make it known, that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I in them.” (17:13-26)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Amen.

2 thoughts on “Week #136; Wed, Aug 05; John 12–17

  1. Abide is used 10 times in John 15:1-11.

    He wants an intimate, practiced, and united relationship with us more so than us doing.

    Not by doing but by being constantly surrendered.

    Abiding compels us to do.

    Pray continuously.

    Joy comes from abiding. John 15:11

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