Week #135; Wed, Jul 29: John 7:1–11:57

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

John 7:1, I. Jesus at the Feast of Booths; II. Can This Be the Christ?; III. Officers Sent to Arrest Jesus; IV. Rivers of Living Water; V. Division Among the People

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus at the Feast of Booths): “After this Jesus went about in Galilee. He would not go about in Judea, because the Jews were seeking to kill him.” (7:1)
A. INFERENCE: “Now the Jews’ Feast of Booths was at hand. So his brothers said to him, ‘Leave here and go to Judea, that your disciples also may see the works you are doing. For no one works in secret if he seeks to be known openly. If you do these things, show yourself to the world.’ For not even his brothers believed in him.” (7:2-5)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘My time has not yet come, but your time is always here. The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify about it that its works are evil. You go up to the feast. I am not going up to this feast for my time has not yet fully come.’ After saying this, he remained in Galilee.” (7:6-9)
2. CRITERIA: “But after his brothers had gone up to the feast, then he also went up, not publicly but in private. The Jews were looking for him at the feast, and saying, ‘Where is he?” (7:10-11)
3. CONDITION: “And there was much muttering about him among the people. While some said, ‘He is a good man,’ others said, ‘No he is leading the people astray.’ Yet for fear of the Jews no one spoke openly of him.” (7:12-13)
4. CAUSE: “About the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and began teaching. The Jews therefore marveled, saying, ‘How is it that this man has learning, when he has never studied?'” (7:14-15)
5. EFFECT: “So Jesus answered them, ‘I did one work, and you all marvel at it. Moses gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. If on the Sabbath a man receives circumcision, so that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me because on the Sabbath I made a man’s whole body well? Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment.” (7:16-24)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Judge not, etc.–that is, Rise above the letter into the spirit of the law. John 7:24” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Can This Be the Christ?): “Some of the people of Jerusalem therefore said, ‘Is not this the man whom they seek to kill? And here he is, speaking openly, and they say nothing to him! Can it be that the authorities really know that this is the Christ?” (7:25-26)
A. INFERENCE: “But we know where this man comes from, and when the Christ appears, no one will know where he comes from.” (7:27)
1. FINDINGS: “So Jesus proclaimed, as he taught in the temple, ‘You know me, and you know where I come from? But I have not come of my own accord. He who sent me is true, and him you do not know. I know him, for I come from him, and he sent me.'” (7:28-29)
2. CRITERIA: “So they were seeking to arrest him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come.” (7:30)
3. CONDITION: “Yet many of the people believed in him. They said, ‘When the Christ appears, will he do more signs than this man has done?” (7:31)
4. CAUSE: “The discourses of Jesus convinced many that he was the Messiah; but they had not courage to own it. It is comfort to those who are in the world, but not of it, and therefore are hated by it and weary of it, that they shall not be in it always, that they shall not be in it long. Our days being evil, it is well they are few. The days of life and of grace do not last long; and sinners, when in misery, will be glad of the help they now despise. Men dispute about such sayings, but the event will explain them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “His hearers immediately recognized the greatness of these claims, which appeared to them blasphemous, though to us they are the literal truth. While the adversaries of Jesus were strengthened in their purpose, His friends were confirmed in their faith. John 7:31 is a decided advance upon John 7:12. See 2 Cor. 2:16.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “This was evidently the language of friendly persons, overborne by their spiteful superiors, but unable to keep quite silent.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Officers Sent to Arrest Jesus): “The Pharisees heard the crowd muttering these things about him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent officers to arrest him.” (7:32)
A. INFERENCE: “Jesus then said, ‘I will be with you a little longer, and then I am going to him who sent me.” (7:33-34)
1. FINDINGS: “The Jews said to one another, ‘Where does this man intend to go that we will not find him? Does he intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks?” (7:35)
2. CRITERIA: “What does he mean by saying, ‘You will seek me and you will not find me,’ and ‘Where I am you cannot come’?” (7:36)
3. CONDITION: ““The natural man received not the things of the Spirit of God.” The truth of that saying clearly appears in the earlier part of this section. When the Lord spoke of returning to the Father His hearers supposed that He was proposing to visit the Jews of the Dispersion. But how profound are these words of promise to those who come to Him!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Whither will he go—They cannot comprehend Him, but seem awed by the solemn grandeur of His warning. He takes no notice, however, of their questions.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We must be awhile with those who are pricking briars and grieving thorns; but thanks be to God, it is but a little while, and we shall be out of their reach.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those who now seek Christ shall find him, but the day is coming when those who now refuse him will look for him, and will not find him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT (Rivers of Living Water): “On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, ‘If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’.'” (7:37-38)
A. INFERENCE: “Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.” (7:39)
1. FINDINGS: “This thirst means strong desires after spiritual blessings, which nothing else can satisfy; so the sanctifying and comforting influences of the Holy Spirit, were intended by the waters which Jesus called on them to come to Him and drink. The comfort flows plentifully and constantly as a river; strong as a stream to bear down the opposition of doubts and fears. There is a fullness in Christ, of grace for grace.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The Spirit dwelling and working in believers, is as a fountain of living, running water, out of which plentiful streams flow, cooling and cleansing as water.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He is not content with speaking of a river. He uses the plural-rivers shall flow from Him. Add stream to stream, torrent to torrent, river to river, and these will barely suffice to set forth the freshness and abundance of life that shall proceed from the soul that previously had been thirsty for its own personal supply.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “When our Lord ascended he received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, and then a new era broke on the world. The life of the believer was no longer only an imitation of obedience. It was the uprising and outpouring of the Holy Spirit from within. We become strengthened with might in the inner man and Christ dwells in our hearts by faith. Thereupon we not only are infilled of the Spirit, but it is His gracious ministry to mankind through us that makes the desert rejoice and blossom.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “On the last day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the greatest day much people were gathered together, and, if the invitation were given to many, it might be hoped that some would accept it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Behold now is the acceptable time (to accept Jesus’ invitation).” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Division Among the People): “When they heard these words, some of the people said, ‘This really is the Prophet.’ Others said, ‘This is the Christ.’ But some said, ‘Is the Christ to come from Galilee? Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the offspring of David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?’ So there was a division among the people over him. Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him.” (7:40-44)
A. INFERENCE: “The officers then came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, ‘Why did you not bring him?’ The officers answered, ‘No one ever spoke like this man! The Pharisees answered them, ‘Have you also been deceived? Have any of the authorities or the Pharisees believed in him? But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed.'” (7:45-49)
1. FINDINGS: “Nicodemus, who had gone to him before, and who was one of them, said to them, ‘Does our law judge a man without first giving him a hearing and learning what he does?'” (7:50-51)
2. CRITERIA: “They replied, ‘Are you from Galilee too? Search and see that no prophet arises from Galilee.'” (7:52)
3. CONDITION: “The malice of Christ’s enemies is always against reason, and sometimes the staying of it cannot be accounted for. Never any man spoke with that wisdom, and power, and grace, that convincing clearness, and that sweetness, wherewith Christ spoke.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Alas, that many, who are for a time restrained, and who speak highly of the word of Jesus, speedily lose their convictions, and go on in their sins!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “People are foolishly swayed by outward motives in matters of eternal moment, are willing even to be damned for fashion’s sake.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Come to Jesus without any division.

John 8:1, I. The Woman Caught in Adultery; II. I Am the Light of the World; III. The Truth Will Set You Free; IV. You Are of Your Father the Devil; V. Before Abraham Was, I Am

I. KEY TEXT (The Woman Caught in Adultery–Note: 7:53-8:11 is not included in the earliest manuscripts): “They went each to his own house, but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. Early in the morning he came again to the temple. All the people came to him, and he sat down and taught them.” (8:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst they said to him, ‘Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery. Now in the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. So what do you say?’ This they said to test him, that they might have some charge to bring against him.” (8:3-6)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, ‘Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.’ And once more he bent down and wrote on the ground.” (8:6-8)
2. CRITERIA: “But when they heard it, they went away one by one, beginning with the older ones, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him.” (8:9)
3. CONDITION: “Jesus stood up and said to her, ‘Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?’ She said, ‘No one, Lord.’ And Jesus said, ‘Neither do I condemn you; go, and from now on sin no more.'” (8:10-11)
4. CAUSE: “This they said to test him, that they might have some charge to bring against him.” (8:6)
5. EFFECT: “Christ neither found fault with the law, nor excused the prisoner’s guilt; nor did he countenance the pretended zeal of the Pharisees. Those are self-condemned who judge others, and yet do the same thing. All who are any way called to blame the faults of others, are especially concerned to look to themselves, and keep themselves pure. In this matter Christ attended to the great work about which he came into the world, that was, to bring sinners to repentance; not to destroy, but to save. He aimed to bring, not only the accused to repentance, by showing her his mercy, but the prosecutors also, by showing them their sins; they thought to ensnare him, he sought to convince and convert them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . go and from now on sin no more.” (8:11)

II. KEY TEXT (I Am the Light of the World): “Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.'” (8:12)
A. INFERENCE: “So the Pharisees said to him, ‘You are bearing witness about yourself; your testimony is not true.'” (8:13)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘Even if I do bear witness about myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going, but you do not know where I come from or where I am going. You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one. Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father who sent me.” (8:14-16)
2. CRITERIA: “In your Law it is written that the testimony of two people is true. I am the one who bears witness about myself, and the Father who sent me bears witness about me.” (8:17-18)
3. CONDITION: “They said to him therefore, ‘Where is your Father?’ Jesus answered, ‘You know neither me nor my Father. If you knew me, you would know my Father also.'” (8:19)
4. CAUSE: “These words he spoke in the treasury, as he taught in the temple; but no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.” (8:20)
5. EFFECT: “If we knew Christ better, we should know the Father better. Those become vain in their imaginations concerning God, who will not learn of Christ. Those who know not his glory and grace, know not the Father that sent him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Every true believer can look up and say with pleasure, My times are in thy hand, and better there than in my own. To all God’s purposes there is a time.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
B. INFERENCE: “So he said to them again, ‘I am going away, and you will seek me, and you will die in your sin. Where I am going, you cannot come.'” (8:21)
1. FINDINGS: “So the Jews said, ‘Will he kill himself, since he says, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?'” (8:22)
2. CRITERIA: “He said to them, ‘You are of this world; I am not of this world.” (8:23)
3. CONDITION: “I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins.” (8:24)
4. CAUSE: “So they said to him, ‘Who are you?’ Jesus said to them, ‘Just what I have been telling you from the beginning. I have much to say about you and much to judge, but he who sent me is true, and I declare to the world what I have heard from him.’ They did not understand that he had been speaking to them about the Father. So Jesus said to them, ‘When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me. And he who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to him.'” (8:25-29)
5. EFFECT: “As he was saying these things, many believed in him.” (8:30)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The time of our departure out of the world, depends upon God. Our enemies cannot hasten it any sooner, nor can our friends delay it any longer, than the time appointed of the Father.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Truth Will Set You Free): “So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed in him, ‘If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set your free.'” (8:31-32)
A. INFERENCE: “They answered him, ‘We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?'” (8:33)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is a slave to sin.'” (8:34)
2. CRITERIA: “The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.” (8:35-36)
3. CONDITION: “I know that you are offspring of Abraham; yet you seek to kill me because my word finds no place in you. I speak of what I have seen with my Father, and you do what you have heard from your father.” (8:37-38)
4. CAUSE: “Such power attended our Lord’s words, that many were convinced, and professed to believe in him. He encouraged them to attend his teaching, rely on his promises, and obey his commands, notwithstanding all temptations to evil. Thus doing, they would be his disciples truly; and by the teaching of his word and Spirit, they would learn where their hope and strength lay.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ spoke of spiritual liberty; but carnal hearts feel no other grievances than those that molest the body, and distress their worldly affairs.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Speak of the bondage of sin, captivity to Satan, and liberty by Christ” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (You Are of Your Father the Devil): “They answered him, ‘Abraham is our father.’ Jesus said to them, ‘If you were Abraham’s children, you would be doing the works of Abraham did, but now you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did. You are doing the works your father did.'” (8:39-41)
A. INFERENCE: “They said to him, ‘We are not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father–even God.'” (8:41)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘If God were your Father, you would love me, for I came from God and I am here. I came not of my own accord, but he sent me.'” (8:42)
2. CRITERIA: “‘Why do you not understand what I say? It is because you cannot bear to hear my word. You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him. when he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies.” (8:43-44)
3. CONDITION: “But because I tell the truth, you do not believe me. Which one of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me?” (8:45-46)
4. CAUSE: “Whoever is of God hears the words of God.” (8:47)
5. EFFECT: “The reason why you do not hear them is that you are not of God.” (8:47)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “By the truth, here understand the revealed will of God as to the salvation of men by Jesus Christ, the truth Christ was now preaching, and which the Jews opposed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Before Abraham Was, I Am): “The Jews answered him, ‘Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?” (8:48)
A. INFERENCE: “Jesus answered, ‘I do not have a demon, but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me. Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is One who seeks it, and he is the judge. Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death.’ The Jews said to him, ‘Now we know that you have a demon! Abraham died, as did the prophets, yet you say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never taste death.’ Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? And the prophets died! Who do you make yourself out to be?'” (8:49-53)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God.’ But you have not known him. I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and I keep his word.'” (8:54-55)
2. CRITERIA: “‘Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day. He saw it and was glad.'” (8:56)
3. CONDITION: “So the Jews said to him, ‘You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?'” (8:57)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.'” (8:58)
5. EFFECT: “So they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.” (8:59)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us steadfast profess what we know and believe concerning God; and if heirs of Abraham’s faith, we shall rejoice in looking forward to that day when the Savior shall appear in glory, to the confusion of his enemies, and to complete the salvation of all who believe in him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

John 9:1, I. Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind): “As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. And his disciples asked him, ‘Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?’ Jesus answered, ‘It was not that this man sinned, or his parents, but that the works of God might be displayed in him. We must work the works of him who sent me while it is day; night is coming, when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.'” (9:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “Having said these things, he spat on the ground and made mud with the saliva. Then he anointed the man’s eyes with the mud and said to him, ‘Go, wash in the pool of Siloam’ (which means sent).” (9:1-7)
1. FINDINGS: “So he went and washed and came back seeing. The neighbors and those who had seen him before as a beggar were saying, ‘Is this not the man who used to sit and beg?’ Some said, ‘It is he.” Others said, ‘No, but he is like him.’ He kept saying, ‘I am the man.’ ” (9:7-9)
2. CRITERIA: “So they said to him, ‘Then how were your eyes opened?’ He answered, ‘The man called Jesus made mud and anointed my eyes and said to me, ‘Go to Siloam and wash.’ So I went and washed and received my sight.’ They said to him, ‘Where is he?’ He said, ‘I do not know.'” (9:10-12)
3. CONDITION: “They brought to the Pharisees the man who had formerly been blind. Now it was a Sabbath day when Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes. So the Pharisees again asked him how he had received his sight. And he said to them, ‘He put mud on my eyes, and I washed, and I see.’ Some of the Pharisees said, ‘This man is not from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath.’ But others said, ‘How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?’ And there was a division among them. So they said again to the blind man, ‘What do you say about him, since he has opened your eyes?’ He said, ‘He is a prophet.'” (9:13-17)
4. CAUSE: “The jealous Pharisees now set themselves to discredit the miracle and to throw suspicion upon the witness. But their hostility, prompted by jealousy and vindictiveness, forced the healed man to realize the moral majesty of Jesus. His eyes became opened to the true values of things, as well as to the world of nature.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In a day he had grown far away from the parents, who were simple people, unaccustomed to the glare of publicity, and very much afraid of these religious magnates.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Get a witness.
B. INFERENCE: “The Jews did not believe that he had been blind and had received his sight, until they called the parents of the man who had received his sight and asked them, ‘Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?’ His parents answered, ‘We know that this is our son and that he was born blind. But how he now sees we do not know, nor do we know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he is of age. He will speak for himself.’ (His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had already agreed that if any one should confess Jesus to be Christ, he was to be put out of the synagogue.) Therefore his parents said, ‘He is of age; ask him.'” (9:18-23)
1. FINDINGS: “So for the second time they called the man who had been blind and said to him, ‘Give glory to God. We know that this man is a sinner.’ He answered, ‘Whether he is a sinner I do not know. One thing I do know, that though I was blind, now I see.'” (9:24-25)
2. CRITERIA: “They said to him, ‘What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?’ He answered them, ‘I have told you already, and you would not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become his disciples?’ And they reviled him, saying, ‘You are his disciple, but we are disciples of Moses. We know that God has spoken to Moses, but as for this man, we do not know where he comes from.'” (9:26-29)
3. CONDITION: “The man answered, ‘Why, this is an amazing thing! You do not know where he comes from, and yet he opened my eyes. We know that God does not listen to sinners, but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does his will, God listens to him. Never since the world began has it been heard that anyone opened the eyes of a man born blind. If this man were not from God, he could do nothing.'” (9:30-33)
4. CAUSE: “They answered him, ‘You were born in utter sin, and would you teach us?’ And they cast him out.” (9:34)
5. EFFECT: “Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having found him he said, ‘Do you believe in the Son of Man? He answered, ‘And who is he, sir, that I may believe in him?’ Jesus said to him, ‘You have seen him, and it is he who is speaking to you.’ He said, ‘Lord, I believe, ‘ and he worshiped him. Jesus said, ‘For judgment I came into this world, that those who do not see may see, and those who see may become blind.’ Some of the Pharisees near him heard these things, and said to him, ‘Are we also blind?’ Jesus said to them, ‘If you were blind, you would have no guilt; but now that you say, ‘We see,’ you guilt remains.” (9:35-41)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “None come in contact with Christ without being blinded or enlightened. Our guilt is proportioned to our refusal of the light.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

John 10:1, I. I Am the Good Shepherd; II. I and the Father Are One

I. KEY TEXT (I Am the Good Shepherd): “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber. But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the gatekeeper opens. The sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. A stranger they will not follow, but they will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.’ This figure of speech Jesus used with them, but they did not understand what he was saying to them.” (10:1-6)
A. INFERENCE: “So Jesus again said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you I am the door of the sheep. All who came before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. I am the door. If anyone enters by me, he will be saved and will go in and out and find pasture.'” (10:7-9)
1. FINDINGS: “The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have life and have it abundantly. I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. He who is a hired hand and not a shepherd, who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf snatches them and scatters them. He flees because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep. I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me , just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep. And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life that I may take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father.” (10:10-18)
2. CRITERIA: “There was again a division among the Jews because of these words. Many of them said, ‘He has a demon, and is insane; why listen to him?’ Others said, ‘These are not the words of one who is oppressed by a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?'” (10:19-21)
3. CONDITION: “If our zeal and earnestness in the cause of Christ, especially in the blessed work of bringing his sheep into his fold, bring upon us evil names, let us not heed it, but remember our Master was thus reproached before us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “He wished men to exercise their own faculties of discernment and to accept Him, not because He told them what He was, but because they were inwardly convinced.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is better that men should be divided about the doctrine of Christ than united in the service of sin.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Listen to his still small voice (Word).

II. KEY TEXT (I and the Father Are One): “At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem. It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple, in the colonnade of Solomon.” (10:22-23)
A. INFERENCE: “So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, ‘How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.'” (10:22-24)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered them, ‘I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father’s name bear witness about me, but you do not believe because you are not part of my flock. My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.’ ” (10:25-30)
2. CRITERIA: “The Jews picked up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered them, ‘I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?'” (10:31-32)
3. CONDITION: “The Jews answered him, ‘It is not for good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God.'” (10:33)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus answered them, ‘Is it not written in your Law, I said, you are gods? If he called them gods to whom the word of God came–and Scripture cannot be broken–do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? If I am not doing the works of my Father, then do not believe me; but if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father.’ Again they sought to arrest him, but he escaped from their hands.” (10:34-39)
5. EFFECT: “He went away again across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing at first, and there he remained. And many came to him. And they said, ‘John did no sign, but everything that John said about this man was true.’ And many believed in him there.” (10:40-42)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The Father was in the Son, so that by Divine power he wrought his miracles; the Son was so in the Father, that he knew the whole of His mind. This we cannot by searching find out to perfection, but we may know and believe these declarations of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

John 11:1, I. The Death of Lazarus; II. I Am the Resurrection and the Life; III. Jesus Weeps; IV. Jesus Raises Lazarus; V. The Plot to Kill Jesus

I. KEY TEXT (The Death of Lazarus): “Now a certain man was ill, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. It was Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was ill. So the sisters sent to him, saying, ‘Lord, he whom you love is ill.’ But when Jesus heard it he said, ‘This illness does not lead to death. It is for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified through it.'” (11:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. So, when he heard that Lazarus was ill, he stayed two days longer in the place where he was. Then after this he said to the disciples, ‘Let us go to Judea again.’ The disciples said to him, ‘Rabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone you, and are you going there again?’ Jesus answered, ‘Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.'” (11:5-10)
1. FINDINGS: “After saying these things, he said to them, ‘Or friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I go to awaken him.’ The disciples said to him, ‘Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.’ Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that he meant taking rest in sleep. Then Jesus told them plainly, ‘Lazarus has died, and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.'” (11:11-15)
2. CRITERIA: “So Thomas, called the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, ‘Let us also go, that we may die with him.'” (11:16)
3. CONDITION: “He (Thomas) perceives clearly how this journey to Judea will end, as respects his Master, and not only sees in it peril to themselves, as they all did, but feels as if he could not and cared not to survive his Master’s sacrifice to the fury of His enemies. It was that kind of affection which, living only in the light of its Object, cannot contemplate, or has no heart for life, without it.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Since we are sure to rise again at the last, why should not the believing hope of that resurrection to eternal life, make it as easy for us to put off the body and die, as it is to put off our clothes and go to sleep? A true Christian, when he dies, does but sleep; he rests from the labors of the past day. Nay, herein death is better than sleep, that sleep is only a short rest, but death is the end of earthly cares and toils.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Like Thomas, in difficult times Christians should encourage one another. The dying of the Lord Jesus should make us willing to die whenever God calls us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Go.

II. KEY TEXT (I Am the Resurrection and the Life): “Now when Jesus came, he found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb four days. Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off, and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them concerning their brother. So when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary remained seated in the house.” (11:17-20)
A. INFERENCE: “Martha said to Jesus, ‘Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.'” (11:21-22)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to her, ‘Your brother will rise again.’ Martha said to him, ‘I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.’ Jesus said to her, ‘I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?'” (11:23-26)
2. CRITERIA: “She said to him, ‘Yes, Lord; I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.'” (11:27)
3. CONDITION: “While she had a glimmering perception that Resurrection, in every sense of the word, belonged to the Messianic office and Sonship of Jesus, she means, by this way of expressing herself, to cover much that she felt her ignorance of—as no doubt belonging to Him.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “To enlarge Martha’s expectations, our Lord declared himself to be the Resurrection and the Life. In every sense he is the Resurrection; the source, the substance, the first-fruits, the cause of it. The redeemed soul lives after death in happiness; and after the resurrection, both body and soul are kept from all evil for ever.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “His step may linger, but Jesus comes at length. While He seems to tarry, He knows each sigh, pang, and tear that escapes from the sufferer and His friends; and when He arrives He does more than we asked or thought. He raises not the sick, but the dead. He makes the darkness of the tomb the background to set forth the resurrection glory.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “When we have read or heard the word of Christ, about the great things of the other world, we should put it to ourselves, Do we believe this truth?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Weeps): “When she had said this, she went and called her sister Mary, saying in private, ‘The Teacher is here and is calling for you.’ And when she heard it, she rose quickly and went to him.” (11:28-30)
A. INFERENCE: “When the Jews who were with her in the house, consoling her, saw Mary rise quickly and go out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there.” (11:31)
1. FINDINGS: “Now when Mary came to where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet, saying to him, ‘Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.’ When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in his spirit and greatly troubled. And he said, ‘Where have you laid him?’ They said to him, ‘Lord, come and see.’ Jesus wept.” (11:32-35)
2. CRITERIA: “So the Jews said, ‘See how he loved him!’ But some of them said, ‘Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man also have kept this man from dying?'” (11:36-37)
3. CONDITION: “What a seal of His perfect oneness with us in the most redeeming feature of our stricken humanity! But was there nothing in those tears beyond sorrow for human suffering and death?” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “As to the restoration of the dead man to life, they never so much as thought of it. But this disposition to dictate to divine power, and almost to peril our confidence in it upon its doing our bidding, is not confined to men of no faith.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ made this prayer that those who stood around, as they saw the effect of prayer, should understand that prayer alone can work great miracles, which become the credentials of Christ, and of all who love and obey Him.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “His people similarity can do great miracles, as missionaries, Christian workers, and philanthropists.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Raises Lazarus): “Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it. Jesus said, ‘Take away the stone.’ Martha, the sister of the dead man, said to him, ‘Lord, by this time there will be an odor, for he has been dead four days.” (11:38-39)
A. INFERENCE: “Jesus said to her, ‘Did I not tell you that if you believed you would see the glory of God?'” (11:40)
1. FINDINGS: “So they took away the stone. And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said, ‘Father, I thank you that you have heard me. I knew that you always hear me, but I said this on account of the people standing around, that they may believe that you sent me.’ When he had said these things, he cried out with a loud voice, ‘Lazarus, come out.’ The man who had died came out, his hands and feet bound with linen strips, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, ‘Unbind him, and let him go.'” (11:41-44)
2. CRITERIA: “In regard to this miracle, we observe a greater degree of preparation, both in the provident arrangement of events, and in our Lord’s actions and words than in any other.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He comes in his word and ordinances, and calls us to them, calls us by them, calls us to himself. Those who, in a day of peace, set themselves at Christ’s feet to be taught by him, may with comfort, in a day of trouble, cast themselves at his feet, to find favor with him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “They took away the stone, and this was all they could do: Christ only could give life.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “He could have raised Lazarus by a silent exertion of his power and will, but he did it by a call, a loud call. ‘Lazarus, come out!'” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Come to Jesus when he calls.

V. KEY TEXT (The Plot to Kill Jesus): “Many of the Jews therefore, who had come with Mary and had seen what he did, believed in him, but some of them went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done.” (11:45)
A. INFERENCE: “So the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered the Council and said, ‘What are we to do? For this man performs many signs. If we let him go on like this, everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation.” (11:47-48)
1. FINDINGS: “But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, ‘You know nothing at all. Nor do you understand that it is better for you that one man should die for the people, not that the whole nation should perish.’ He did not say this of his own accord, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but also to gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad. So from that day on they made plans to put him to death.” (11:49-53)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus therefore no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there to the region near the wilderness, to a town called Ephraim, and there he stayed with the disciples.” (11:54)
3. CONDITION: “Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and many went up from the country to Jerusalem before the Passover to purify themselves. They were looking for Jesus and saying to one another as they stood in the temple, ‘What do you think? That he will not come to the feast at all?'” (11:55-56)
4. CAUSE: “Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone knew where he was, he should let them know so that they might arrest him.” (11:57)
5. EFFECT: “There can hardly be a more clear discovery of the madness that is in man’s heart, and of its desperate enmity against God, than what is here recorded. Words of prophecy in the mouth, are not clear evidence of a principle of grace in the heart. The calamity we seek to escape by sin, we take the most effectual course to bring upon our own heads; as those do who think by opposing Christ’s kingdom, to advance their own worldly interest.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The conversion of souls is the gathering of them to Christ as their ruler and refuge; and he died to effect this.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

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