Week #132; Wed, Jul 08: Luke 17:1-21:38

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Luke 17:1, I. Temptations to Sin; II. Increase Our Faith; III. Unworthy Servants; IV. Jesus Cleanses Ten Lepers; V. The Coming of the Kingdom

I. KEY TEXT (Temptations to Sin): “And he said to his disciples, ‘Temptations to sin are sure to come, but woe to the one through whom they come!” (17:1)
A. INFERENCE: “It would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck and he were cast into the sea than he should cause one of these little ones to sin.” (17:2)
1. FINDINGS: “Pay attention to yourselves! If your brother sins, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him, and if he sins against you seven time in the day, and turns to you seven times, saying, ‘I repent,’ you must forgive him.” (17:3-4)
2. CRITERIA: “seven times—not a lower measure of the forgiving spirit than the “seventy times seven” enjoined on Peter, which was occasioned by his asking if he was to stop at seven times. “No,” is the virtual answer, “though it come to seventy times that number, if only he ask forgiveness in sincerity.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown, Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Sincerity” (17:3-4)
4. CAUSE: “It is no abatement of their guilt by whom an offense comes, nor will it lessen their punishment that offenses will come. Faith in God’s pardoning mercy, will enable us to get over the greatest difficulties in the way of forgiving our brethren. As with God nothing is impossible, so all things are possible to him that can believe.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The world is full of stumbling-blocks. Men are perpetually placing them in each other’s way; and especially before little children, the simple and the weak. Let us take heed to ourselves and endeavor to make life’s pathway easier for others. Let us spend lives of helpfulness and sympathy, full of love and forgiveness, of light and joy.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be sincere in asking for forgiveness.

II. KEY TEXT (Increase Our Faith): “The apostles said to the Lord, ‘Increase our faith! And the Lord said, ‘If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and planted in the sea,’ and it would obey you.” (17:5-6)
A. INFERENCE: “. . . moved by the difficulty of avoiding and forgiving “offenses.” This is the only instance in which a spiritual operation upon their souls was solicited of Christ by the Twelve.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Do these precepts seem too difficult? Does a sevenfold forgiveness seem impossible? Then learn the lesson of the mustard seed, which opens its tiny door to the inflow of Nature’s energy and is therefore enabled to produce what, to its unaided strength, would be impossible. Open your soul to God! His love through you will forgive and save to the uttermost!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “They say that our faith, if it is good, cannot be made better; for there is no faith save that which leans unshakingly, firmly, and undividedly, on the mercy of God.” (Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion)
3. CONDITION: “The apostles themselves acknowledged the weakness and deficiency of their faith, and saw their need of Christ’s grace for the improvement of it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The increasing of our faith is what we should earnestly desire.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Faith in God’s pardoning mercy will enable us to overcome the greatest difficulties that lie in the way of our forgiving our brother.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Whatever we do in the service of Christ, we must be very humble.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (Unworthy Servants): “Will any one of you who has a servant plowing or keeping sheep say to him when he has come in from the field, ‘Come at once and recline at table’?” (17:7)
A. INFERENCE: “Will he not rather say to him, ‘Prepare supper for me, and dress properly, and serve me while I eat and drink, and afterward you will eat and drink’? Does he thank the servant because he did what was commanded?” (17:8-9)
1. FINDINGS: “So you also, when you have done all that you were commanded, say, ‘We are unworthy servants; we have only done what was our duty.'” (17:10)
2. CRITERIA: “But when you have done all, you have nothing to be proud of, and neither God nor man is under any obligation to you. Love is the elementary duty of the follower of Christ.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Unprofitable . . . a word which, though usually denoting the opposite of profit, is here used simply in its negative sense. “We have not, as his servants, profited or benefited God at all.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Our whole strength and our whole time are to be used for him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “As God’s servants, it is our responsibility to fill up our time with duty, we ought to make the end of one service the beginning of another.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our principal care here must be to do the duty of our relationship, and leave it to our Master to give us the comfort for it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Cleanses Ten Lepers): “On the way to Jerusalem he was passing along between Samaria and Galilee. And as he entered a village, he was met by ten lepers, who stood at a distance and lifted up their voices, saying, ‘Jesus, Master, have mercy on us'” (17:11-13)
A. INFERENCE: “When he saw them he said to them, ‘Go and show yourselves to the priests.’ And as they went they were cleansed.” (17:14)
1. FINDINGS: “Then one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, praising God with a loud voice; and he fell on his face at Jesus’ feet, giving him thanks. Now he was a Samaritan.” (17:15)
2. CRITERIA: “Then Jesus answered, ‘Were not ten cleansed? Where are the nine? Was no one found to return and give praise to God except the foreigner?’.” (17:17-18)
3. CONDITION: “And he said to him, ‘Rise and go your way; your faith has made you well.'” (17:19)
4. CAUSE: “they lifted up—their common misery drawing these poor outcasts together (2 Kings 7:3), nay, making them forget the fierce national antipathy of Jew and Samaritan. (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “faith made thee whole—not as the others, merely in body, but in that higher spiritual sense with which His constant language has so familiarized us. (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It was this faith that saved them, because faith like this lets in the whole tide of God’s saving health.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (The Coming of the Kingdom): “Being asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, he answered them, ‘The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed, nor will they say, ‘Look, here it is! or ‘There!’ for behold, the kingdom of God is in the midst of you.'” (17:20-21)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said to the disciples, ‘The days are coming when you will desire to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you will not see it.” (17:22)
1. FINDINGS: “And they will say to you, ‘Look, there! or ‘Look, here! Do not go out or follow them. For as the lightning flashes and lights up the sky from one side to the other, so will the Son of Man be in his day.” (17:23-24)
2. CRITERIA: “But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation. Just as it was in the days of Noah, so will it be in the days of the Son of Man.” (17:25-26)
3. CONDITION: “They were eating and drinking and marrying and being given in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all–so will it be on the day when the Son of Man is revealed.” (17:27)
4. CAUSE: “It cometh not with observation—with watching or lying in wait, as for something outwardly imposing and at once revealing itself. (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “On that day, let the one who is on the housetop, with his goods in the house, not come down to take them away, and likewise let the one who is in the field not turn back. Remember Lot’s wife. Whoever seeks to preserve his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life will keep it. I tell you, in that night there will be two in one bed. One will be taken and the other left. There will be two women grinding together. One will be taken and the other left. And they said to him, ‘Where, Lord?’ He said to them, ‘Where the corpse is, there the vultures will gather.” (17:28-37)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . guard against the mistake of supposing that His visible presence would accompany the manifestation and establishment of His kingdom. (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary) “Lightening” and the “blink of an eye” gives little time for on the spot evaluation; we have to be ready now. It will be too late once He appears. Now is the judgment.

Luke 18:1, I. The Parable of the Persistent Widow; II. The Pharisee and the Tax Collector; III. Let the Children Come to Me; IV. The Rich Ruler; V. Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time; VI. Jesus Heals a Blind Beggar

I. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Persistent Widow): “And he told them a parable to the effect that they ought always to pray and not lose heart. He said, ‘In a certain city there was a judge who neither feared God nor respected man. And there was a widow in that city who kept coming to him and saying, ‘Give me justice against my adversary.'” (18:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “For a while he refused, but afterward he said to himself, ‘Though I neither fear God nor respect man, yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will give her justice, so that she will not beat me down by her continual coming.” (18:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “And the Lord said, ‘Hear what the unrighteous judge says. And will not God give justice to his elect, who cry to him day and night? Will he delay long over them?” (18:6-7)
2. CRITERIA: “‘I tell you, he will give justice to them speedily.” (18:8)
3. CONDITION: “‘Nevertheless, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?'” (18:8)
4. CAUSE: “All God’s people are praying people. Here earnest steadiness in prayer for spiritual mercies is taught. The widow’s earnestness prevailed even with the unjust judge: she might fear lest it should set him more against her; but our earnest prayer is pleasing to our God. Even to the end there will still be ground for the same complaint of weakness of faith.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is our duty to pray; it is our constant work.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Pray constantly.

II. KEY TEXT (The Pharisee and the Tax Collector): “He also told this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and treated others with contempt: ‘Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.” (18:9-10)
A. INFERENCE: “The Pharisee and the other a tax collector. The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: ‘God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I get.’ But the tax collector, standing far off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner!'” (18:9-13)
1. FINDINGS: “I tell you, this man went down to his house justified, rather than the other. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.” (18:14)
2. CRITERIA: “. . . standing afar off—as unworthy to draw near; but that was the way to get near (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “To be self-emptied, or, “poor in spirit,” is the fundamental and indispensable preparation for the reception of the “grace which bringeth salvation”: wherever this exists, the “mourning” for it which precedes “comfort” and the earnest “hungerings and thirstings after righteousness” which are rewarded by the “fulness” of it, will, as we see here, be surely found. Such, therefore, and such only, are the justified ones (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “We are taught here the spirit in which we should pray. Too many pray “with themselves.” The only time that we may thank God for not being as others is when we attribute the contrast to His grace, 1 Timothy 1:12-14.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Let it never be forgotten that those who will be justified and stand accepted before God are they who are nothing in their own estimate.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “To be self-emptied and poor in spirit is the fundamental and indispensable preparation for receiving the grace of God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Let the Children Come to Me): “Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them.” (18:15)
A. INFERENCE: “But Jesus called them to him, saying, ‘Let the children come to me, and do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.” (18:16-17)
1. FINDINGS: “It is surely not to be conceived that all our Lord meant was to inform us, that seeing grown people must become childlike in order to be capable of the Kingdom of God, therefore they should not hinder infants from coming to Him, and therefore He took up and blessed the infants themselves.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Bow yourself at the feet of Christ and He will lift you to His throne.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “We think that children must grow up to become like us before they are eligible to the Kingdom. Nay, we must grow down to become like them, in simplicity, in humility and in faith.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “None are too little, too young, to be brought to Christ, who knows how to show kindness to those not capable of doing service to him. It is the mind of Christ, that little children should be brought to him. The promise is to us, and to our seed; therefore He will bid them welcome to him with us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child, that is, receive the benefits of it with humility and thankfulness, gladly confessing himself indebted to free grace for them; unless a man is brought to this self-denying frame of mind he shall never enter into that kingdom.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those full-grown people are most welcome to him who have in them most of the attitude of children” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Rich Ruler): “And a ruler asked him, ‘Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?'” (18:18)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone. You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery, Do not murder, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honor your father and mother.'” (18:19-20)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said, ‘All these I have kept from my youth.’ When Jesus heard this, he said to him, ‘One thing you still lack. Sell all that you have and distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.'” (18:21-22)
2. CRITERIA: “But when he heard these things, he became very sad, for he was extremely rich. Jesus, seeing that he had become sad, said, ‘How difficult it is for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God! For it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.'” (18:23-25)
3. CONDITION: “Those who heard it said, ‘Then who can be saved?’ But he said, ‘What is impossible with men is possible with God.’ And Peter said, ‘See, we have left our homes and followed you.’ And he said to them, ‘Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or wife or brothers or parents or children, for the sake of the kingdom of God, who will not receive many times more in this time, and in the age to come eternal life.” (18:26-30)
4. CAUSE: “. . . lackest . . . one thing—Ah! but that a fundamental, fatal lack. (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “As riches were his idol, our Lord, who knew if from the first, lays His great authoritative grasp at once upon it, saying, “Now give Me up that, and all is right. (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “But we, like the ruler, should rather be ashamed that there has been any regret or difficulty in doing it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time): “And taking the twelve, he said to them, ‘See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written about the Son of Man by the prophets will be accomplished. For he will be delivered over to the Gentiles and will be mocked and shamefully treated and spit upon. And after flogging him, they will kill him, and on the third day he will rise.'” (18:31-33)
A. INFERENCE: “But they understood none of these things. This saying was hidden from them, and they did not grasp what he said.” (18:34)
1. FINDINGS: “Our Lord knew what was awaiting Him. He laid down His life “of Himself.” But all the significance of His life and death was concealed from the Apostles and others. Their eyes were blinded, till the glory of the Resurrection morning had dawned and the day of Pentecost had fully come.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The Spirit of Christ, in the Old Testament prophets, testified beforehand his sufferings, and the glory that should follow, 1 Peter 1:11. The disciples’ prejudices were so strong, that they would not understand these things literally. They were so intent upon the prophecies which spake of Christ’s glory, that they overlooked those which spake of his sufferings. People run into mistakes, because they read their Bibles by halves, and are only for the smooth things.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “We are as backward to learn the proper lessons from the sufferings, crucifixion, and resurrection of Christ, as the disciples were to what he told them as to those events; and for the same reason; self-love, and a desire of worldly objects, close our understandings.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Evangelist seems unable to say strongly enough how entirely hidden from them at that time was the sense of these exceeding plain statements: no doubt to add weight to their subsequent testimony, which from this very circumstance was prodigious, and with all the simple-hearted irresistible.” (Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Their eyes were blinded, till the glory of the Resurrection morning had dawned and the day of Pentecost had fully come.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “But here, as always, when Christ spoke of his sufferings and death, he foretold his resurrection as that which removed both the terror and reproach of his sufferings.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Blind Beggar): “As he drew near to Jericho, a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging. And hearing a crowd going by, he inquired what this meant. They told him, ‘Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.’ And he cried out, ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!’ And those who were in front rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, ‘Son of David, have mercy on me!'” (18:35-39)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus stopped and commanded him to be brought to him. And when he came near, he asked him, ‘What do you want me to do for you?’ He said, ‘Lord, let me recover my sight.'” (18:40-41)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Recover your sight; your faith has made you well.’ ” (18:42)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord’s mind must have been filled with the anticipation of the momentous issues to be decided; but He was sufficiently at leisure from Himself to hear the cry of distress from this blind beggar. How absolutely He placed Himself at the disposal of those who needed His help!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And immediately he recovered his sight and followed him, glorifying God. And all the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God.” (18:43)
4. CAUSE: “Human need and sorrow always commanded Him. Each comer was able to draw all the grace he required, according to the measure of the bucket of his faith when let down into that infinite well.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “There is no reason why each of us should not be made whole and follow Christ, glorifying Him. But we are blind!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The grace of Christ ought to be thankfully acknowledged, to the glory of God. It is for the glory of God if we follow Jesus, as those will do whose eyes are opened. We must praise God for his mercies to others, as well as for mercies to ourselves.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Luke 19:1, I. Jesus and Zacchaeus; II. The Parable of the Ten Minas; III. The Triumphal Entry; IV. Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem; V. Jesus Cleanses the Temple

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus and Zacchaeus): “He entered Jericho and was passing through. And there was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector and was rich. And he was seeking to see who Jesus was, but on account of the crowd he could not, because he was small of stature.” (19:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, for he was about to pass that way. And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to him, ‘Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for I must stay at your house today.’ So he hurried and came down and received him joyfully. And when they saw it, they all grumbled, ‘He has gone in to be the guest of a man who is a sinner.'” (19:4-7)
1. FINDINGS: “And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, ‘Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it fourfold.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Today salvation has come to this house, since he also is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” (19:8-10)
2. CRITERIA: “. . . Jews typically despised tax collectors as traitors, because they worked for the Roman Empire. . . . Tax collectors often used their authority to take money for themselves. Zaccheus was a dissatisfied man. His dishonest acquisitions added to his wealth but subtracted from his peace of mind. He knew that the least he could do would be to repay those whom he had robbed. But his soul required more, and longed for salvation, such as only Jesus Christ could give. (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Lord knew this, and therefore halted beneath the tree and invited Himself as a guest to the publican’s home. The one man in all Jericho who most needed the Savior was discovered by Him and saved. The grace of God is ever in search of those who have gone as far as their light will carry them.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “What a blessing it is that the Lord is willing to be our guest! See that He is welcomed to the guestroom of your heart. Stand to serve Him. He brings salvation for you and yours.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Those who sincerely desire a sight of Christ, like Zacchaeus, will break through opposition, and take pains to see him. Christ invited himself to Zacchaeus’ house. Wherever Christ comes he opens the heart, and inclines it to receive him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He that has a mind to know Christ, shall be known of him. Those whom Christ calls, must humble themselves, and come down.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Ten Minas): “As they heard these things, he proceeded to tell a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately.” (19:11)
A. INFERENCE: “He said therefore, ‘A nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and then return. Calling ten of his servants, he gave them ten minas, and said to them, ‘Engage in business until I come.’ But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’ When he returned, having received the kingdom, he ordered these servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, that he might know what they had gained by doing business.” (19:12-15)
1. FINDINGS: “The first came before him, saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made ten minas more.’ And he said to him, ‘Well done, good servant! Because you have been faithful in a very little, you shall have authority over ten cities.’ And the second came saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made five minas.’ And he said to him, ‘And you are to be over five cities.’ Then another came, saying, ‘Lord, here is your mina, which I kept laid away in a handkerchief; for I was afraid of you, because you are a severe man. You take what you did not deposit, and reap what you did not sow.’ He said to him, ‘I will condemn you with your own words, you wicked servant! You knew that I was a severe man, taking what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow? Why then did you not put my money in the bank, and at my coming I might have collected it with interest? And he said to those who stood by, ‘Take the mina from him, and give it to the one who has the ten minas.’ And they said to him, ‘Lord, he has ten minas! ‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. But as for these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slaughter them before me.” (19:16-27)
2. CRITERIA: “In many respects this parable differs from that of the ten talents. In that, the servants are entrusted with different amounts; in this, the same amount is allotted to each. Obviously, the former deals with our powers and opportunities for service, which greatly differ; whereas the latter deals with those ordinary gifts which are common to all, and especially with the gift of salvation. All have the opportunity of using and enjoying the same bestowment of life which is in Jesus Christ for those who believe.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Some make the greatest possible use of “our common salvation.” They increase its blessings by much prayer and faith and experience. They speak of it to others and spread the knowledge of the heights and depths of God’s love. The more they do this, the more it grows on them. Others pass through life without realizing or enjoying Christ’s gift of eternal life. They hope that they may be saved; but they have no deep experimental knowledge of His love. These are they who misuse their pound!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal, 1 Corinthians 12:7. And as every one has received the gift, so let him minister the same, 1 Peter 4:10.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The account required, resembles that in the parable of the talents; and the punishment of the avowed enemies of Christ, as well as of false professors, is shown.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . more will be given . . . The new king indicates that faithful obedience leads to greater responsibility in managing the kingdom’s resources. Jesus made this same point in the parable of the lamp. (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible).

III. KEY TEXT (The Triumphal Entry): “And when he had said these things, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. When he drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount that is called Olivet, he sent two of the disciples, saying, ‘Go into the village in front of you, where on entering you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever yet sat. Untie it and bring it here. If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it? you shall say this: ‘The Lord has need of it.'” (19:28-31)
A. INFERENCE: “So those who were sent went away and found it just as he had told them. And as they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, ‘Why are you untying the colt?’ And they said, ‘The Lord has need of it.'” (19:32-34)
1. FINDINGS: “And they brought it to Jesus, and throwing their cloaks on the colt, they set Jesus on it. And as he rode along, they spread their cloaks on the road. As he was drawing near–already on the way down the Mount of Olives–the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen, saying, ‘Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!'” (19:35-38)
2. CRITERIA: “It is thus that Jesus pursues His way through the ages; the princes of this world know Him not, but His character is appreciated and His claims are recognized by babes, Matthew 11:25; 1 Corinthians 2:8. Are you in the Master’s procession?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, ‘Teacher, rebuke your disciples.’ He answered, ‘I tell you, if these were silent, the very stones would cry out.'” (19:39-40)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus’ royalty is not of this world. It is based on character. It is ignored by the proud, but welcomed by the poor. It is fairest to those whose eyes are anointed to penetrate the veil and discern the eternal realities, and of their enthusiasm, praise to God is the irresistible expression.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Lord’s need is the master-motive. We can hold nothing back from His request, whether child, or money, or life. Let these words ring in our hearts: The Lord hath need.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “And what will be the feelings of men when the Lord returns in glory to judge the world!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem): “And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, saying, ‘Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you and hem you in on every side and tear you down to the ground, you and your children within you.” (19:41-43)
A. INFERENCE: “And they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know the time of your visitation.” (19:44)
1. FINDINGS: “Our Lord loved the city of His race; and when it finally rejected His appeals, He knew that nothing could avert its downfall. Hence His tears! Each nation, city and individual has one day which is the crisis of existence. We cross the equator without knowing it. There is one hour in each God-forsaken life when, as in the Temple before its fall, watchers hear the words, “Let us depart,” and there is the rustle of wings! Notice that God visits us in mercy before He comes to us in wrath.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “But let every one remember, that though Jesus wept over Jerusalem, he executed awful vengeance upon it. Though he delights not in the death of a sinner, yet he will surely bring to pass his awful threatenings on those who neglect his salvation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “May he then come and cleanse our hearts by his Spirit, from all that defiles. May sinners, on every side, become attentive to the words of truth and salvation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Son of God did not weep vain and causeless tears, nor for a light matter, nor for himself. He knows the value of souls, the weight of guilt, and how low it will press and sink mankind.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Jesus is addressing the city itself; the reference to children indicates Jerusalem’s inhabitants, the Jews. (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Recognize the time of God’s coming.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Cleanses the Temple): “And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold, saying to them, ‘It is written, ‘My house shall be a house of prayer, but you have made it a den of robbers.'” (19:45-46)
A. INFERENCE: “And he was teaching daily in the temple. The chief priests and the scribes and the principal men of the people were seeking to destroy him, but they did not find anything they could do, for all the people were hanging on his words.” (19:47-48)
1. FINDINGS: “It was a startling act when Christ cleansed the Temple for the second time, John 2:13, etc. If there had been daily papers in those days, they would have chronicled it in great headlines. Extraordinary that this meek and lowly man should break out so vehemently! But His zeal for God’s house sustained and bore Him along. Let us ask Him to cleanse the temple of our heart.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “These priests and scribes had vested interests to conserve, which blinded them to the beauty and glory of Christ. If we place a coin, however valueless, against the eye, it will blind us to the sun.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Several factors likely contributed to the religious leaders’ desire to kill Jesus: They viewed Him as a messianic pretender and a blasphemer, they lost control of the masses due to His popularity, and they feared that civil unrest during the Passover festival would lead to violent reprisals from Rome.” (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
4. CAUSE: “His zeal for God’s house sustained and bore Him along.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “With those who have long neglected the time of God’s coming, if at last their eyes are opened, and they take heed, all will be well yet. Those shall not be refused who come into the vineyard at the eleventh hour.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is the amazing folly of multitudes that enjoy the means of grace, that they do not make the most the day of their opportunities.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Luke 20:1, I. The Authority of Jesus Challenged; II. The Parable of the Wicked Tenants; III. Paying Taxes to Caesar; IV. Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection; V. Whose Son Is the Christ?; VI. Beware of the Scribes

I. KEY TEXT (The Authority of Jesus Challenged): “One day, as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders came up and said to him, ‘Tell us by what authority you do these things, or who it is that gave you the authority.'” (20:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “He answered them, “I also will ask you a question. Now tell me, was the baptism of John from heaven or from man?’ And they discussed it with one another, saying, ‘If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him? But if we say, ‘From man,’ all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.'” (20:3-6)
1. FINDINGS: “So they answered that they did not know where it came from. And Jesus said to them, ‘Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.'” (20:7-8)
2. CRITERIA: “When anyone has received a divine commission, he does not need to prove it. His credentials are written large upon his life and message. It was so with John the Baptist. There was no need for him to argue his claims. The crowds in the Jordan valley; the multitudes in the baptismal waters, were sufficient to attest him as God’s servant. ” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The masses of people that followed Him and hung on His words had no doubt that He was the heir of the vineyard.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The leaders professed to doubt it, because, to use the language of the parable that follows, they were reluctant to surrender their claims to the ownership of the vineyard. ” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Men often pretend to examine the evidences of revelation, and the truth of the gospel, when only seeking excuses for their own unbelief and disobedience. Christ answered these priests and scribes with a plain question about the baptism of John, which the common people could answer. They all knew it was from heaven, nothing in it had an earthly tendency.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Believe in His miracles.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Wicked Tenants): “And he began to tell the people this parable: ‘A man planted a vineyard and let it out to tenants and went into another country for a long while. When the time came, he sent a servant to the tenants, so that they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed. And he sent another servant. But they also beat and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. And he sent yet a third. This one also they wounded and cast out.” (20:9-12)
A. INFERENCE: “Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.’ But when the tenants saw him, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir. Let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.'” (20:13-15)
1. FINDINGS: “He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others. When they heard this they said, ‘Surely not!’ But he looked directly at them and said, ‘What then is this that is written: ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone’?” (20:16-17)
2. CRITERIA: “Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, and when it falls on anyone, it will crush him.'” (20:18)
3. CONDITION: “The vineyard represents the privileges and blessings of the Hebrew race. The servants are evidently the prophets and others sent from God. Whatever our position in life, God expects a revenue from it. We are not owners, but tenants; not proprietors, but stewards. Are you sure that you are giving God the dues which He may justly claim?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is said that in the building of Solomon’s Temple, a valuable carved stone was cast aside and neglected, till a part of the structure absolutely called for it. You may build society as you like, but there will come a time when Christ will be needed to give the finishing touch.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ spake this parable against those who resolved not to own his authority, though the evidence of it was so full. How many resemble the Jews who murdered the prophets and crucified Christ, in their enmity to God, and aversion to his service, desiring to live according to their lusts, without control! Let all who are favored with God’s word, look to it that they make proper use of their advantages. Awful will be the doom, both of those who reject the Son, and of those who profess to reverence Him, yet render not the fruits in due season.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is the folly of sinners, that they persevere in sinful ways, though they dread the destruction at the end of those ways.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Paying Taxes to Caesar): “The scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him at that very hour, for they perceived that he had told this parable against them, but they feared the people. So they watched him and sent spies, who pretended to be sincere, that they might catch him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction of the governor.” (20:19-20)
A. INFERENCE: “So they asked him, ‘Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and show no partiality, but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?” (20:21-22)
1. FINDINGS: “But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, ‘Show me a denarius. Whose likeness and inscription does it have? They said, ‘Caesar’s’ He said to them, ‘Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. And they were not able in the presence of the people to catch him in what he said, but marveling at his answer they became silent.” (20:23-26)
2. CRITERIA: “Fearing to touch Him themselves, and finding no foothold against Him according to the Mosaic law, His enemies sought to bring Christ into collision with the civil power. To do this, no hypocrisy was too mean.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “So poor was our Lord that He must needs ask them to furnish the penny or drachma. Caesar has a certain claim on us. He has earned certain rights of homage and tribute by preserving the good order of society and the safety of our persons; but there his authority ends. When he intrudes into the realm of conscience, he is a usurper. In that kingdom he has no claims whatever.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Ah, soul! Thou belongest to the great King; thou art stamped with His image and superscription! Give Him thyself!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Those who are most crafty in their designs against Christ and his gospel, cannot hide them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “All of those who reject Jesus’ place in God’s plan are acting in opposition to God’s purposes and will be judged accordingly.” (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)

IV. KEY TEXT (Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection): “Then came to him some Sadducees, those who deny that there is a resurrection, and they asked him a question, saying, ‘Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife but no children, the man must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.” (20:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died without children. And the second and the third took her, and likewise all seven left no children and died. Afterward the woman also died. In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had her as wife.” (20:29-33)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to them, ‘The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage, but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage, for they cannot die anymore, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.” (20:34-36)
2. CRITERIA: “But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the passage about the bush, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. Now he is not God of the dead, but of the living, for all live to him.’ Then some of the scribes answered, ‘Teacher, you have spoken well.’ For they no longer dared to ask him any question.” (20:37-40)
3. CONDITION: “Here our Lord answers the materialism of His time. He speaks with the note of absolute certainty concerning the unseen, Hebrews 11:27. Its inhabitants do not die or marry, nor are they subject to the conditions of our earthly life. These are the children of the resurrection.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How wonderful to find a proof of immortality in that passage about the bush, Exodus 3:6! The fact that Jehovah said, “I am the God of Abraham,” proved that the patriarch was in existence somewhere at that moment. Those whom we describe as dead are living people who have died. Death is but a passage, a step. There is no break in the chain of existence. Yonder and here all live unto God, Romans 14:8.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “There are more worlds than one; a present visible world, and a future unseen world; and let every one compare this world and that world, and give the preference in his thoughts and cares to that which deserves them. Believers shall obtain the resurrection from the dead, that is the blessed resurrection.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those that are entered into the joy of their Lord, are entirely taken up therewith; when there is perfection of holiness there will be no occasion for preservatives from sin. And when God called himself the God of these patriarchs, he meant that he was a God all-sufficient to them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Whose Son Is the Christ?): “But he said to them, ‘How can they say that the Christ is David’s son? For David himself says in the Book of Psalms, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.'” (20:41-42)
A. INFERENCE: “David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?” (20:44)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ, as God, was David’s Lord, but Christ, as man, was David’s Son.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: Christ as God and as man enables a correct answer depending which view is used.
3. CONDITION: It’s best to be willing to adopt both views to discern the omnipresence of God.
4. CAUSE: Christ moves from one posture to another to satisfy God’s will.
5. EFFECT: Christ is omnipotent.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Recognize Christ is the “Alpha” and the “Omega. His span is never ending to never ending.”

VI. KEY TEXT (Beware of the Scribes): “And in the hearing of all the people he said to his disciples, ‘Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts, who devour widows’ houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.” (20:45-47)
A. INFERENCE: “‘Take heed of being brought into trouble by them,’ in the same sense that he had said ‘Beware of men. Be on your guard against men; they will hand you over to the local councils; beware of the teachers of the law.'” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “They are covetous and oppressive, and make their religion a cloak and cover for crime.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ reads them their doom in a few words: ‘Such men will be punished most severely,’ a double damnation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Hypocritical piety is double iniquity (sin).” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: Sin.
5. EFFECT: Justice and punishment.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Humility, confess, repent.

Luke 21:1, I. The Widow’s Offering; II. Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple; III. Jesus Foretells Wars and Persecution; IV. Jesus Foretells Destruction of Jerusalem; V. The Coming of the Son of Man; VI. The Lesson of the Fig Tree; VII. Watch Yourselves

I. KEY TEXT (The Widow’s Offering): “Jesus looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the offering box, and he saw a poor widow put in two small copper coins.” (21:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said, ‘Truly, I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all of them. For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty put in all she had to live on.'” (21:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “Our gifts to God should cost us something, else they are not reckoned in the accounts of eternity. The real value of a gift is to be estimated by what is left behind.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Holy deeds are imperishable! Jesus is still sitting by the treasury, watching and estimating our gifts.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “From the offering of this poor widow, learn that what we rightly give for the relief of the poor, and the support of God’s worship, is given unto God; and our Savior sees with pleasure whatever we have in our hearts to give for the relief of his members, or for his service.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Blessed Lord! the poorest of thy servants have two mites, they have a soul and a body; persuade and enable us to offer both unto thee; how happy shall we be in thine accepting of them!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: All.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Soul and body, all.

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple): “And while some were speaking of the temple, how it was adorned with noble stones and offerings, he said, ‘As for these things that you see, the days will come when there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.'” (21:5-6)
A. INFERENCE: “And they asked him, ‘Teacher, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when these things are about to take place?'” (21:7)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said, ‘See that you are not led astray. For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he!’ and, ‘The time is at hand!’ Do not go after them. And when you hear of wars and tumults, do not be terrified, for these things must first take place, but the end will not be at once.” (21:8-9)
2. CRITERIA: “When we ask speculative questions, the Master bids us take heed to ourselves. His predictions in this passage were literally fulfilled in the events which culminated in the siege and fall of Jerusalem, forty years afterward.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Church is called to follow her Lord. No easier path than His may she choose. Where there is no outward suffering there may be the inner cross and the death to all that the soul had once prized. Jesus has always stood beside His own wherever they have been called to witness for the truth; and the testimony given by His witnesses has reached the great ones of the earth and reverberated through courts and palaces.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “In suffering our souls become searched as by fire. We learn to know ourselves and to come into possession of an experience and a self-knowledge with which only suffering could have endowed us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is natural for us to covet to know future things, when we ought rather to ask what is our duty in the prospect of these things, and how we may prepare for them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Expect to hear of false Christs and false prophets appearing.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Wars and Persecution): “Then he said to them, ‘Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and pestilences. And there will be terrors and great signs from heaven.” (21:10-11)
A. INFERENCE: “But before all this they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my name’s sake.” (21:12)
1. FINDINGS: “This will be your opportunity to bear witness. Settle it therefore in your minds not to meditate beforehand how to answer, for I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which none of your adversaries will be able to withstand or contradict. You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and relatives and friends, and some of you they will put to death. You will be hated by all for my name’s sake. But not a hair of you head will perish. By your endurance you will gain your lives.” (21:13-19)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ tells them what hard things they should suffer for his name’s sake, and encourages them to bear up under their trials, and to go on in their work, notwithstanding the opposition they would meet with. God will stand by you, and own you, and assist you. This was remarkably fulfilled after the pouring out of the Spirit, by whom Christ gave his disciples wisdom and utterance.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Though we may be losers for Christ, we shall not, we cannot be losers by him, in the end. It is our duty and interest at all times, especially in perilous, trying times, to secure the safety of our own souls. It is by Christian patience we keep possession of our own souls, and keep out all those impressions which would put us out of temper.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Having given an idea of the times for about thirty-eight years next to come, Christ shows what all those things would end in, namely, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the utter dispersion of the Jewish nation; which would be a type and figure of Christ’s second coming.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When he comes to judge the world, he will redeem all that are his from their troubles. So fully did the Divine judgments come upon the Jews, that their city is set as an example before us, to show that sins will not pass unpunished; and that the terrors of the Lord, and his threatenings against impenitent sinners, will all come to pass, even as his word was true, and his wrath great upon Jerusalem.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Do not be frightened.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Destruction of Jerusalem): “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it, for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written.” (21:20-22)
A. INFERENCE: “Alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! For there will be great distress upon the earth and wrath against this people.” (21:23)
1. FINDINGS: “They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” (21:24)
2. CRITERIA: “This paragraph clearly has its first reference to the fall of Jerusalem, which took place A.D. 70. The directions given by our Lord were of the greatest service to the Christian church, the members of which in large numbers, fled to Pella, across the Jordan, and so escaped the horrors of the siege. But beyond this each great event, such as the dissolution of the Hebrew state, the overthrow of the Roman Empire, the rise of the Reformation, the French Revolution, and so forth, is another stage in the advent of our Lord. He is always “coming in a cloud” so far as the eyes of men are concerned; but with the growing glory of clearer revelation and increased spiritual power. And all these stages are leading up to His final unveiling at His second advent.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “That generation did not pass away before these portents were fulfilled; but each great period or chapter of history closes with similar signs. It is as though nature were as sympathetic to the experiences of the race, as the body is to the motions of the soul. Again behold the travail-pangs of creation, through which the new heavens and the new earth are being born. See Romans 8:22, etc.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “. . . until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled . . . Jesus could be referring to the end of Roman oppression or to the end of the present age, before God’s reign is experienced in fullness.” (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
5. EFFECT: “He foretells the terrible havoc that would be made of the Jewish nation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Be apprehensive of what is coming on the world. As that day was all terror and destruction to the unbelieving Jews, so the great day will be to all unbelievers.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (The Coming of the Son of Man): “And there will be signs in sun and moon and stars, and on the earth distress of nations in perplexity because of the roaring of the sea and the waves, people fainting with fear and with foreboding of what is coming on the world. For the powers of the heavens will be shaken.” (21:25-26)
A. INFERENCE: “And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory (Matthew 24:31).” (21:27)
1. FINDINGS: “Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near.” (21:28)
2. CRITERIA: Jesus is talking to His disciples about the Jews after the rapture. The saints will already be raptured up with Jesus by the time the events He is teaching will occur.
3. CONDITION: “The Jews and unbelievers that are left behind at the rapture that become believers will be gathered from the four winds by his angels when He returns at the Mount of Olives for Armageddon. The 144,000 pertain.” (Matthew 24:31)
4. CAUSE: “The Jews are His people and they get an opportunity to believe due to the evangelism of the 144,000.” (Daniel 7:13; Matthew 8:20)
5. EFFECT: “Jesus’ followers can joyfully rise to welcome their deliverer. (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe!

VI. KEY TEXT (The Lesson of the Fig Tree): “And he told them a parable: ‘Look at the fig tree, and all the trees. As soon as they come out in leaf, you see for yourselves and know that the summer is already near. So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that the kingdom of God is near.” (21:29-31)
A. INFERENCE: “Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all has taken place.” (21:32)
1. FINDINGS: “Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.” (21:33)
2. CRITERIA: “In a limited significance, our Lord’s words were fulfilled within forty years of their utterance; but we are still to see how much more is contained in them than has yet been realized. In the meanwhile let us beware of His warning.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ tells his disciples to observe the signs of the times, which they might judge by. He charges them to look upon the ruin of the Jewish nation as near. Yet this race and family of Abraham shall not be rooted out; it shall survive as a nation, and be found as prophesied, when the Son of man shall be revealed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Our danger is, lest the day of death and of judgment should come upon us when we are not prepared. Lest, when we are called to meet our Lord, that be the furthest from our thoughts, which ought to be nearest our hearts. For so it will come upon the most of men, who dwell upon the earth, and mind earthly things only, and have no converse with heaven.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Here see what should be our aim, that we may be accounted worthy to escape all those things; that when the judgments of God are abroad, we may not be in the common calamity, or it may not be that to us which it is to others. Do you ask how you may be found worthy to stand before Christ at that day? Those who never yet sought Christ, let them now go unto him; those who never yet were humbled for their sins, let them now begin; those who have already begun, let them go forward and be kept humbled.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Watch!

VII. KEY TEXT (Watch Yourselves): “But watch yourselves lest your hearts be weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and cares of this life, and that day come upon you suddenly like a trap. For it will come upon all who dwell on the face of the whole earth.” (21:34-35)
A. INFERENCE: “But stay awake at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.'” (21:36)
1. FINDINGS: “Watch therefore, and pray always. Watch against sin; watch in every duty, and make the most of every opportunity to do good. Pray always: those shall be accounted worthy to live a life of praise in the other world, who live a life of prayer in this world. May we begin, employ, and conclude each day attending to Christ’s word, obeying his precepts, and following his example, that whenever he comes we may be found watching.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “And every day he was teaching in the temple, but at night he went out and lodged on the mount called Olivet. And early in the morning all the people came to him in the temple to hear him.” (21:37-38)
3. CONDITION: “Jesus tells His followers to remain alert for the events described in Luke 21:8–28.” (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
4. CAUSE: “. . . it will come upon all . . . Indicates the universality of judgment. (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
5. EFFECT: “. . . to stand before the Son of Man . . . Refers to being judged by Him.” (Logos Bible Software/Faithlife Study Bible)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Watch harder.

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