Week #130; Wed, Jun 24: Luke 8:1-11:54

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Luke 8:1, I. Women Accompanying Jesus; II. The Parable of the Sower; III. The Purpose of the Parables; IV. A Lamp Under a Jar; V. Jesus’ Mother and Brothers; VI. Jesus Calms a Storm; VII. Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon; VIII. Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter

I. KEY TEXT (Women Accompanying Jesus): “Soon afterward he went on through cities and villages, proclaiming and bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with him, and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod’s household manager, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their means.” (8:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “We are here told what Christ made the constant business of his life, it was teaching the gospel. Tidings of the kingdom of God are glad tidings, and what Christ came to bring.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Certain women attended upon him who ministered to him of their substance. It showed the mean condition to which the Savior humbled himself, that he needed their kindness, and his great humility, that he accepted it. Though rich, yet for our sakes he became poor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “What Christ made the constant business of his life–it was the proclaiming the good news; in that work he was indefatigable, and went about doing good. (1) Where he preached: He travelled about. He was an itinerant preach, did not confine himself to one place, but diffused the beams of his light. He went about from one town and village to another, that none might plead ignorance. In this he set an example to his disciples; they must traverse the nations of the earth, as he did the cities of Israel. Nor did he confine himself to the cities, but went into the villages, among the plain country-people. (2) What he preached: He proclaimed the good news of the kingdom of God. News of the kingdom of God is glad news, and this Jesus Christ came to bring. It was good news to the world that there was hope of its being reformed and reconciled. (3) Who were his attendants: The twelve were with him to learn from him what and how to preach hereafter.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “From where he had the necessary supports of life: He lived off the kindness of his friends. There were women helping to support them out of their own means. Some of them are named; but there were many others.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume) Hitherto our Lord had made Capernaum His center; now He started on a circuit through the province of Galilee, going through its cities and villages in a systematic and leisurely manner. It must have been a great opportunity for the instruction of the Twelve in His doctrine and methods. (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “There were many of them who were helping to support them out of their own means.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Though he was rich, yet for our sakes he became poor, and lived on alms. Christ would rather be indebted to his known friends for a maintenance for himself and his disciples than be burdensome to strangers.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is the duty of those who are taught in the word to share all good things with their instructors.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Sower): “And when a great crowd was gathering and people from town after town came to him, he said in a parable: ‘A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell along the path and was trampled underfoot, and the birds of the air devoured it. And some fell on the rock, and as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up with it and choked it. And some fell into good soil and grew and yielded a hundredfold.’ As he said these things, he called out, ‘He who has ears to hear, let him hear.'” (8:4-8)
A. INFERENCE: “There are many very needful and excellent rules and cautions for hearing the word, in the parable of the sower, and the application of it. Happy are we, and for ever indebted to free grace, if the same thing that is a parable to others, with which they are only amused, is a plain truth to us, by which we are taught and governed. We ought to take heed of the things that will hinder our profiting by the word we hear; to take heed lest we hear carelessly and slightly, lest we entertain prejudices against the word we hear; and to take heed to our spirits after we have heard the word, lest we lose what we have gained.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The gifts we have, will be continued to us or not, as we use them for the glory of God, and the good of our brethren. Nor is it enough not to hold the truth in unrighteousness; we should desire to hold forth the word of life, and to shine, giving light to all around.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Great encouragement is given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work. Christ owns them as his relations.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “There is an advance in the stages of reception and growth, indicating the several phases of experience. The success or failure of gospel preaching is determined by the character of the soil. In every crowd there are the hardened, like the trodden path; the impulsive, like the thin layer of earth upon the rock; those with a heart divided by riches or cares, like the thorn encumbered soil; and those who receive with joy and bear fruit with patience.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Lord veiled His meaning in parables. Increased light would only add to the condemnation of disobedient hearers.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The heart of man is as soil to the seed of God’s word; it is capable of receiving it, and bringing forth the fruits of it; but, unless that seed is sown in it it will bring forth nothing valuable.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our care therefore must be to bring the seed and the soil together.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (The Purpose of the Parables): “And when his disciples asked him what this parable meant, he said, ‘To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of God, but for others they are in parables, so that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’ Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. The ones along the path are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. And the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy. But these have no root; they believe for a while, and in time of testing fall away. And as for what fell among the thorns, they are those who hear, but as they go on their way they are choked by the cares and riches and pleasures of life, and their fruit does not mature. As for that in the good soil, they are those who, hearing the word, hold it fast in an honest and good heart, and bear fruit with patience.” (8:9-15)
A. INFERENCE: “The good ground, which brings forth good fruit, is a noble and good heart; a heart firmly set on God and duty, an upright heart, a tender heart, is an honest and good heart, which having heard the word, understands it, receives it, and retains it, as the soil not only receives, but keeps, the seed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “Where the word is well kept there is fruit brought forth by persevering. This also is added here; perseverance to continue to the end in well-doing.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “It is not enough that the fruit be brought forth, but it must be mature, it must be full ripened. If it is not, it is as if there was no fruit at all brought forth.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “The devil is a subtle and spiteful enemy. He takes the word out of the hearts of careless hearers, so they cannot believe and be saved.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The success of the sowing is very much according to the nature and temper of the soil.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “That therefore the devil does all he can to keep us from believing, to make us not believe the word when we read and hear it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: The seed is the Word of God; hold fast to His Word.

IV. KEY TEXT (A Lamp Under a Jar): “No one after lighting a lamp covers it with a jar or puts it under a bed, but puts it on a stand, so that those who enter may see the light. For nothing is hidden that will not be made manifest, nor is anything secret that will not be known and come to light. Take care then how you hear, for to the one who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he thinks that he has will be taken away.” (8:16-18)
A. INFERENCE: “Great encouragement is given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work. Christ owns them as his relations.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Inconsistency, unkindly words and acts, disobedience to our known duty will prevent our light from shining.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “If Christ has illumined your wick, see that you trust Him to find for you your stand, from which you may emit the clearest rays. You are lighted to shine!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The closest relationship to Jesus is not that of nature but of grace. To listen in your heart to God’s voice, to hear it in His Word and in Providence and then to do as it decrees, will bring you into the closest relationship with your Lord.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Ministers and Christians are to be lighted lamps.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Make use of your light for the glory of God” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “What is now hidden will shortly be disclosed and known.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus’ Mother and Brothers): “Then his mother and his brothers came to him, but they could not reach him because of the crowd. And he was told, ‘Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see you.’ But he answered them, “My mother and my brothers are those who hear the word of God and do it.” (8:19-20)
A. INFERENCE: “Great encouragement given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work, in a particular example of Christ’s respect to his disciples, in preferring them even above his nearest relations.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “Observe what crowding there was to follow Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “There was no coming near for the throng of people who attended him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Some of his nearest family were least anxious to hear him preach. Instead of getting inside, desiring to hear him, they stood outside, desiring to see him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus Christ would rather be busy at his work than conversing with his friends.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Christ is pleased to acknowledge those as his nearest and dearest relations who hear God’s word and put it into practice.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The closest relationship to Jesus is not that of nature but of grace. To listen in your heart to God’s voice, to hear it in His Word and in Providence and then to do as it decrees, will bring you into the closest relationship with your Lord.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Calms a Storm): “One day he got into a boat with his disciples, and he said to them, ‘Let us go across to the other side of the lake.’ So they set out, and as they sailed he fell asleep. And a windstorm came down on the lake, and they were filling with water and were in danger. And they went and woke him, saying, ‘Master, Master, we are perishing! And he awoke and rebuked the wind and the raging waves, and they ceased, and there was a calm. He said to them, ‘Where is you faith?’ And they were afraid, and they marveled, saying to one another, Who then is this, that he commands even winds and water, and they obey him?'” (8:22-25)
A. INFERENCE: “Those that put to sea in a calm, even at Christ’s word, must yet prepare for a storm, and for great peril in that storm.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)”
1. FINDINGS: “There is no relief for souls under a sense of guilt, and fear of wrath, but to go to Christ, and call him Master, and say, I am undone, if thou dost not help me.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “When our dangers are over, it becomes us to take to ourselves the shame of our own fears, and to give Christ the glory of our deliverance.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Oh what a comfort it is to the believer, that all the powers of darkness are under the control of the Lord Jesus!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is a miracle of mercy, if those whom Satan possesses, are not brought to destruction and eternal ruin.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Be prepared for storms if you link your lives with Christ. But they cannot hurt you. Men and demons will rage against you; but there is a limit to their power. Jesus rules the waves. ‘The sea is His and He made it.’ If only you can include yourself and Christ in that pronoun we of Luke 8:24 you can never perish although there be as many demons against you as tiles on the house roofs.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Where is your faith?” (8:25) Know the answer–Jesus Christ!

VII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon): “Then they sailed to the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite Galilee. When Jesus had stepped out on land, there met him a man from the city who had demons. For a long time he had worn no clothes, and he had not lived in a house but among the tombs.” (8:26-27)
A. INFERENCE: “When he saw Jesus, he cried out and fell down before him and said with a loud voice, ‘What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg you, do not torment me.’ For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. (For many a time it had seized him. He was kept under guard and bound with chains and shackles, but he would break the bonds and be driven by the demon into the desert.)” (8:28-29)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus then asked him, ‘What is your name?’ And he said, ‘Legion,’ for many demons had entered him. And they begged him not to command them to depart into the abyss. Now a large herd of pigs was feeding there on the hillside, and they begged him to let them enter these. So he gave them permission. Then the demons came out of the man and entered the pigs, and the herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake and were drowned.” (8:30-33)
2. CRITERIA: “When the herdsmen saw what had happened, they fled and told it in the city and in the country. Then people went out to see what had happened, and they came to Jesus and found the man from whom the demons had gone, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid.” (8:34–35)
3. CONDITION: “And those who had seen it told them how the demon-possessed man had been healed. Then all the people of the surrounding country of the Gerasenes asked him to depart from them, for they were seized with great fear. So he got into the boat and returned.” (8:36-37)
4. CAUSE: “The man from whom the demons had gone begged that he might be with him, but Jesus sent him away, saying, . . .'” (8:38-39)
5. EFFECT: “. . .’Return to your home, and declare how much God has done for you.’ And he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city how much Jesus had done for him.” (8:38-39)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Proclaim, just proclaim. Don’t hold back. Different position here compared to others that were healed where he said not to tell anyone. [NOTE: Demons don’t die, so where did they go?]

VIII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter): “Now when Jesus returned, the crowd welcomed him, for they were all waiting for him. And there came a man named Jairus, who was a ruler of the synagogue. And falling at Jesus’ feet, he implored him to come to his house, and he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying.” (8:40-42)
A. INFERENCE: “As Jesus went, the people pressed around him. And there was a woman who had had a discharge of blood for twelve years, and though she had spent all her living on physicians, she could not be healed by anyone. She came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment, and immediately her discharge of blood ceased. And Jesus said, ‘Who was it that touched me?’ When all denied it, Peter said, ‘Master, the crowds surround you and are pressing in on you!’ But Jesus said, ‘Someone touched me, for I perceive that power has gone out from me.’ And when the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling, and falling down before him declared in the presence of all the people why she had touched him, and how she had been immediately healed. And he said to her, ‘Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace.'” (8:42-48)
1. FINDINGS: “While he was still speaking, someone from the ruler’s house came and said, ‘Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the Teacher any more.’ But Jesus on hearing this answered him, ‘Do not fear; only believe, and she will be well.'” (8:49-50)
2. CRITERIA: “And when he came to the house, he allowed no one to enter with him, except Peter and John and James, and the father and mother of the child.” (8:51)
3. CONDITION: “And all were weeping and mourning for her, but he said, ‘Do not weep, for she is not dead but sleeping.’ And they laughed at him, knowing that she was dead. But taking her by the hand he called, saying, ‘Child, arise.’ And her spirit returned, and she got up at once. And he directed that something should be given her to eat. And her parents were amazed, but he charged them to tell no one what had happened.” (8:52-56)
4. CAUSE: “Power has gone out from me (to the needy).” (8:46)
5. EFFECT: “The hand of Christ’s grace goes with the calls of his word, to make them effectual.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . ‘Do not fear, only believe . . . ‘” (8:50)

Luke 9:1, I. Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles; II. Herod is Perplexed by Jesus; III. Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand; IV. Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ; V. Jesus Foretells His Death; VI. Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus; VII. The Transfiguration; VIII. Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit; IX. Jesus Again Foretells His Death; X. Who Is the Greatest?; XI. Anyone Not Against Us Is For Us; XII. A Samaritan Village Rejects Jesus; XIII. The Cost of Following Jesus

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles): “As he called the twelve together and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal. And he said to them, ‘Take nothing for your journey, no staff, nor bag, nor bread, nor money; and do not have two tunics.’ And whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. And wherever they do not receive you, when you leave that town shake off the dust from your feet as a testimony against them.’ And they departed and went through the villages, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.” (9:1-6)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ sent his twelve disciples abroad, who by this time were able to teach others what they had received from the Lord. They must not be anxious to commend themselves to people’s esteem by outward appearance. They must go as they were.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The Lord Jesus is the fountain of power and authority, to whom all creatures must, in one way or another, be subject; and if he goes with the word of his ministers in power, to deliver sinners from Satan’s bondage, they may be sure that he will care for their wants.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “When truth and love thus go together, and yet the message of God is rejected and despised, it leaves men without excuse, and turns to a testimony against them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Galilean ministry was coming to a close. The light that had shone there was to move southward and set behind the Cross. Before finally leaving the district our Lord made one last effort on its behalf. Calling together the Apostles He laid His plans before them, divided the district into sections and sent them out in pairs. He gave them no outward investiture, but the inward power of casting out evil spirits. Nothing was to distract them from the great object of heralding the kingdom of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The method Christ took to spread his gospel. He had himself travelled about; but he could be only in one place at a time, and therefore now he sent his twelve disciples abroad. Let them disperse themselves, some one way and some another, to preach the kingdom of God. For the confirming of their doctrine he empowered them to work miracles. He gave them the authority to drive out demons. He authorized and appointed them likewise to cure diseases, and to heal the sick.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “They must not be anxious; depend on Providence and kindness; change their lodgings; and assume authority.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Travel light; don’t get bogged down with the world.

II. KEY TEXT (Herod is Perplexed by Jesus): “Now Herod the tetrarch heard about all that was happening, and he was perplexed, because it was said by some that John had been raised from the dead, by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the prophets of old had risen. Herod said, ‘John I beheaded, but who is this about whom I hear such things?’ And he sought to see him.” (9:7-9)
A. INFERENCE: “Herod’s guilty conscience was ready to conclude that John was risen from the dead. He desired to see Jesus; and why did he not go and see him? Probably, because he thought it below him, or because he wished not to have any more reprovers of sin. Delaying it now, his heart was hardened, and when he did see Jesus, he was as much prejudiced against him as others, Luke 23:11. Luke 9:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Notice how Herod’s conscience tormented him! He had begun to feel that scourge, which has never failed to find and follow out the murderer, from Cain onward.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “We have here Herod’s perplexity and anger at this. The communicating of Christ’s power to those who were sent forth in his name was an amazing and convincing proof of his being the Messiah. That he could not only work miracles himself, but empower others to work miracles too, spread his fame more than anything.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “When the country sees such as these healing the sick in the name of Jesus, it gives it a warning. He came from the other world and great perplexity was created in the mind of Herod when he had heard all that was done by Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Those (like Herod) who oppose God will find themselves more and more embarrassed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: Herod did not measure up.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Measure up.

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand): “On their return the apostles told him all that they had done. And he took them and withdrew apart to a town called Bethsaida. When the crowds learned it, they followed him, and he welcomed them and spoke to them of the kingdom of God and cured those who had need of healing.” (9:10-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Now the day began to wear away, and the twelve came and said to him, ‘Send the crowd away to go into the surrounding villages and countryside to find lodging and get provisions, for we are here in a desolate place.'” (9:12)
1. FINDINGS: “But he said to them, ‘You give them something to eat.’ They said, ‘We have no more than five loaves and two fish–unless we are to go and buy food for all these people.’ For there were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, ‘Have them sit down in groups of about fifty each. And they did so, and had them all sit down. And taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven and said a blessing over them. Then he broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples to set before the crowd. And they all ate and were satisfied. And what was left over was picked up, twelve baskets of broken pieces.” (9:13-17)
2. CRITERIA: “The people followed Jesus, and though they came unseasonably, yet he gave them what they came for. He spake unto them of the kingdom of God. He healed those who had need of healing. And with five loaves of bread and two fishes, Christ fed five thousand men.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He will not see those that fear him, and serve him faithfully, want any good thing. When we receive creature-comforts, we must acknowledge that we receive them from God, and that we are unworthy to receive them; that we owe them all, and all the comfort we have in them, to the mediation of Christ, by whom the curse is taken away.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The blessing of Christ will make a little go a great way. He fills every hungry soul, abundantly satisfies it with the goodness of his house.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Here were fragments taken up: in our Father’s house there is bread enough, and to spare. We are not straitened, nor stinted in Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “More was left over than had been possessed at first. To impart to others is to gain for oneself. Fling the seed broadcast. With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ): “Now it happened that as he was praying alone, the disciples were with him. And he asked them, ‘Who do the crowds say that I am?’ And they answered, ‘John the Baptist. But others say, Elijah, and others, that one of the prophets of old has risen.’ Then he said to them, ‘But who do you say that I am?’ And Peter answered, ‘The Christ of God.'” (9:18-20)
A. INFERENCE: “Our Lord asked these questions that He might lead the Apostles to crystallize their own conceptions in Peter’s magnificent affirmation. But they who will follow His footsteps must expect His lot! First, the Cross is set up in our heart, and day by day our old self-nature is crucified there; then we have to endure for others the Cross of rejection, shame and death. But it is thus that we gain ourselves and come into possession of our own souls. If we dare take this path, neither here nor hereafter will Christ be ashamed of us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And Peter answered, ‘The Christ of God.'” (9:20)
2. CRITERIA: “. . . but as yet the evidence was not ready to be summed up, and therefore it must be concealed until after his resurrection, which completed the proof of it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “The disciples must not yet preach that he was the Christ, because the wonders that would attend his death and resurrection would be the most convincing proof of his being the Christ of God.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “We frequently meet with crosses in the way of duty; and though we must not pull them on our own heads, yet, when they are laid ready for us, we must take them up, carry them after Christ, and make the best of them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “We must prefer the salvation and happiness of our souls above any secular concern whatsoever.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He who wants to save his life on these terms will lose it, will lose that which is of infinitely more value, his precious soul.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells His Death): “And he strictly charged and commanded them to tell this to no one, saying, ‘The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” (9:21-22)
A. INFERENCE: “Our Lord asked these questions that He might lead the Apostles to crystallize their own conceptions in Peter’s magnificent affirmation. But they who will follow His footsteps must expect His lot! First, the Cross is set up in our heart, and day by day our old self-nature is crucified there; then we have to endure for others the Cross of rejection, shame and death. But it is thus that we gain ourselves and come into possession of our own souls. If we dare take this path, neither here nor hereafter will Christ be ashamed of us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “. . . on the third day be raised.” (9:22)
2. CRITERIA: “We must firmly believe also that, if we lose our life for clinging to Christ, we shall save it to our unspeakable advantage. We shall have it again, a new and an eternal life.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “That the gain of all the world, if we should forsake Christ, would be so far from compensating for the eternal loss and ruin of the soul that it would bear no kind of proportion to it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “If we could be supposed to gain all the wealth, honor, and pleasure in the world, by denying Christ, yet when, by so doing, we lose ourselves to all eternity, and are cast away at last, what good will our worldly gain do us?” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The body cannot be happy if the soul is miserable in the other world; but the soul may be happy though the body be greatly afflicted and oppressed in this world.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We must never be ashamed of Christ and his gospel.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus): “And he said to all, ‘If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.'” (9:23-27)
A. INFERENCE: “If anyone is ashamed of Christ and his gospel, he can expect no other than that in the great day, when his case calls for Christ’s appearance on his behalf, Christ will be ashamed to acknowledge such a cowardly, worldly, sneaking spirit, and will say, ‘He is none of mine; he does not belong to me.'” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “As Christ had a state of humiliation and of exaltation, so likewise has his cause in the world. They, and they only, who are willing to suffer with it when it suffers, shall reign with it when it reigns.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Observe here, how Christ, to support himself and his followers under present disgraces, speaks magnificently of the lustre of his second coming. He shall come in his own glory. What a figure will the blessed Jesus make in that day! If we believed it, we would never be ashamed of him or his words now.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “To encourage them in suffering for him, he assures them that the kingdom of God would now shortly be established.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The kingdom of God shall come in its power in the present age, while some here present are alive.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They saw the kingdom of God when the Spirit was poured out, when the gospel was preached to all the world and nations were brought to Christ by it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: It appears that the transfiguration on the mount is at center point.

VII. KEY TEXT (The Transfiguration): “Now about eight days after these sayings he took with him Peter and John and James and went up on the mountain to pray. And as he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became dazzling white. And behold, two men were talking with him, Moses and Elijah, who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they became fully awake they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him. And as the men were parting from him, Peter said to Jesus, ‘Master, it is good that we are here. Let us make three tents, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah’–not knowing what he said.” (9:28-33)
A. INFERENCE: “As he was saying these thing, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud.” (9:34)
1. FINDINGS: “And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him! And when the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent and told no one in those days anything of what they had seen.” (9:35-36)
2. CRITERIA: “The kingdom of God shall come in its power in the present age, while some here present are alive.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ’s transfiguration was a specimen of that glory in which he will come to judge the world; and was an encouragement to his disciples to suffer for him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “In our greatest glories on earth, let us remember that in this world we have no continuing city.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But those know not what they say, that talk of making tabernacles (tents) on earth for glorified saints in heaven.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Hold off on the tents on earth; make eternal dwellings assured–trust Jesus.

VIII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit): “On the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, a great crowd met him. And behold, a man from the crowd cried out, ‘Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child. And behold, a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries out. It convulses him so that he foams at the mouth, and shatters him, and will hardly leave him. And I begged your disciples to cast it out, but they could not.'” (9:37-40)
A. INFERENCE: “How deplorable the case of this child! He was under the power of an evil spirit. Diseases of that nature are more frightful than such as arise merely from natural causes. What mischief Satan does where he gets possession! But happy those that have access to Christ! He can do that for us which his disciples cannot. A word from Christ healed the child; and when our children recover from sickness, it is comfortable to receive them as healed by the hand of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘O faithless and twisted generation, how long am I to be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here.’ While he was coming, the demon threw him to the ground and convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit and healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. And all were astonished at the majesty of God.” (9:41-43)
2. CRITERIA: “How grievous the state of the child was. He was under the power of an evil spirit, that seized him; when the fit seized him, he suddenly cried out, and many a time his shrieks had pierced the heart of his tender father.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “But happy they who have access to Christ!” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “How defective the disciples were in their faith.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Either they distrusted the power they were to acquire strength from, or they did not exert themselves in prayer as they ought; for this Christ reproved them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Pray continuously.

IX. KEY TEXT (Jesus Again Foretells His Death): “But while they were all marveling at everything he was doing, Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Let these words sink into your ears: ‘The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.’ But they did not understand this saying, and it was concealed from them, so that they might not perceive it. And they were afraid to ask him about this saying.” (9:43-45)
A. INFERENCE: “This prediction of Christ’s sufferings was plain enough, but the disciples would not understand it, because it agreed not with their notions.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.” (9:44)
2. CRITERIA: “They had a foolish concept of his temporal kingdom, and that he should reign, in secular pomp and power; and now they thought that this mighty power of his would easily bring it about.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ takes this opportunity to tell them again that he was so far from having men betrayed into his hands that he must be betrayed into the hands of men.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The causes of it were universal: they marveled at all that Jesus did; all his actions had something uncommon and surprising in them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “But being delivered into the hands of men was hidden from them, so that they did not grasp it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: We should not make his second coming a paradox either. Believe it; seek it as in “Thy Kingdom Come.”

X. KEY TEXT (Who Is the Greatest?): “An argument arose among them as to which of them was the greatest. But Jesus, knowing the reasoning of their hearts, took a child and put him by his side and said to them, ‘Whoever receives this child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For he who is least among you all is the one who is great.” (9:46-48)
A. INFERENCE: “Ambition of honor, and strife for superiority and precedence, are sins that most easily beset the disciples of our Lord Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “They who expect to be great in this world commonly aim high, and nothing will serve them short of being greatest; this exposes them to a great deal of temptation and trouble, which they are safe from that are content to be little, to be least, to be less than the least.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus Christ is perfectly acquainted with the thoughts and intents of our hearts: He knew their thoughts. Thoughts are words to him, and whispers are loud cries.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ wants his disciples to aim at that honor which is to be obtained by a quiet humility, and not at that which is to be obtained by a restless and aspiring ambition.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Let them be of the temperament of this child, humble and quiet, and relaxed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Let them assure themselves that this was the way to promotion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Observe quiet humility.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

XI. KEY TEXT (Anyone Not Against Us Is For Us): “John answered, ‘Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.’ But Jesus said to him, ‘Do not stop him, for the one who is not against you is for you.” (9:49-50)
A. INFERENCE: “What greater honor can any man attain to in this world, than to be received by men as a messenger of God and Christ; and to have God and Christ own themselves received and welcomed in him! If ever any society of Christians in this world, had reason to silence those not of their own communion, the twelve disciples at this time had; yet Christ warned them not to do the like again.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Those may be found faithful followers of Christ, and may be accepted of him, who do not follow with us.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus Christ chided them for what they did: ‘Do not stop him, but rather encourage him, for he is carrying on the same intention that you are.'” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “He will meet you at the same end, though he does not accompany you in the same way.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “We need not lose any of our friends, while we have so few, and so many enemies.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Whoever is not against you is for you, . . .” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . and therefore ought to be tolerated by us.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

XII. KEY TEXT (A Samaritan Village Rejects Jesus): “When the days drew near for him to be taken up, he set his face to go to Jerusalem. And he sent messengers ahead of him, who went and entered a village of the Samaritans, to make preparations for him. But the people did not receive him, because his face was set toward Jerusalem. And when his disciples James and John saw it, the said, ‘Lord, do you want us to tell fire to come down from heaven and consume them?’ But he turned and rebuked them. And they went on to another village.” (9:51-56)
A. INFERENCE: “The disciples did not consider that the conduct of the Samaritans was rather the effect of national prejudices and bigotry, than of enmity to the word and worship of God; and though they refused to receive Christ and his disciples, they did not ill use or injure them, so that the case was widely different from that of Ahaziah and Elijah. Nor were they aware that the gospel dispensation was to be marked by miracles of mercy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But above all, they were ignorant of the prevailing motives of their own hearts, which were pride and carnal ambition. Of this our Lord warned them. It is easy for us to say, Come, see our zeal for the Lord! and to think we are very faithful in his cause, when we are seeking our own objects, and even doing harm instead of good to others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Here they were for putting infidels to death.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ reprimanded them, for a spirit of bigotry and persecution is directly contrary to the spirit of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “There was a time appointed for the sufferings and death of our Lord Jesus, and he knew well enough when it was. He was resolute to go to Jerusalem.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “He knew his time was short.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “All good Christians may make their own the same notion of death, and may call it their being received up, to be with Christ where he is.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

XIII. KEY TEXT (The Cost of Following Jesus): “As they were going along the road, someone said to him, ‘I will follow you where ever you go.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head. To another he said, ‘Follow me.’ But he said, ‘Lord let me first go and bury my father.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Leave the dead to bury their own dead. But as for you, go and proclaim the kingdom of God.’ Yet another said, ‘I will follow you, Lord, but let me first say farewell to those at my home.’ Jesus said to him, ‘No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.” (9:57-62)
A. INFERENCE: “We have here an account of three different persons who offered themselves as followers of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “If we mean to follow Christ, we must not reckon on making anything more than heaven of our religion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “It is necessary that we have a zeal that will make us forget father and mother.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “No excuses must be allowed against a present obedience to the call of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “No one who puts his hand to the plow, will look back, or look behind him, for then he makes ruts with his plough, and the ground he ploughs is not fit to be sown.” (9:62)
5. EFFECT: “. . . if you look back to a worldly again and hanker after that, you are not fit for service in the kingdom of God.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “You are not a sower fit to scatter the good seed of the kingdom if you can hold the plow no better.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Luke 10:1, I. Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two; II. Woe to Unrepentant Cities; III. The Return of the Seventy-Two; IV. Jesus Rejoices in the Father’s Will; V. The Parable of the Good Samaritan; VI. Martha and Mary

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two): “After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go. And he said to them, ‘The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few, Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. Go your way; behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road. Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’ And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house. Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you. Heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say, ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near,’ I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.” (10:1-12)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ sent the seventy disciples, two and two, that they might strengthen and encourage one another. The ministry of the gospel calls men to receive Christ as a Prince and a Savior; and he will surely come in the power of his Spirit to all places whither he sends his faithful servants. Luke 10:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But the doom of those who receive the grace of God in vain, will be very fearful. Those who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, who think meanly of them, and look scornfully upon them, will be reckoned as despisers of God and Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “We can only prepare the way for our Lord. No one of us can suffice for the soul of man. We must always say with the Baptist: “There cometh one mightier than I.” Would that Christ always came where we had been! See Luke 10:1.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Let us not forget to pray for laborers; but if we pray truly we shall endeavor to answer our own prayers, by going and by inciting others to go.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “But the inner thought of His words is that we are to be absorbed in giving the message, leaving all things else as a very secondary question and allowing God to care for us and ours.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few.” (10:2)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Labor in the harvest.

II. KEY TEXT (Woe to Unrepentant Cities): “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more bearable in the judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you. And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You shall be brought down to Hades. ‘The one who hears you hears me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me.” (10:13-16)
A. INFERENCE: They are to heal the sick and announce the approach of the kingdom of God. (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “They must set out with prayer and duly impressed with the necessities of the soul of men; expect trouble and persecution; must not encumber themselves; show God’s goodwill to all to whom they came; receive the kindnesses of those who should receive them and bid them welcome; and denounce the judgments of God against those who should reject them and their message.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: Because these cities enjoyed Christ’s mighty works, God intended to bring them to repentance and reformation, but they did not repent. The doom of those who thus receive the grace of God in vain will be very fearful. They who were lifted up, not making use of their elevation, will go down to the depths in the day of judgment. (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “The general rule which Christ would follow, as to those to whom he sent his ministers: He will reckon himself treated according as they treated his ministers.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “He who listens to you listens to me. He who rejects you does in effect reject me, and he rejects him who sent me.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “And they who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, and turn their backs on their ministry, will be dealt with as despisers of God and Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Listen.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (The Return of the Seventy-Two): “The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, ‘Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name! And he said to them, ‘I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you. Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.” (10:17-20)
A. INFERENCE: “All our victories over Satan, are obtained by power derived from Jesus Christ, and he must have all the praise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But let us beware of spiritual pride, which has been the destruction of many.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord rejoiced at the prospect of the salvation of many souls. It was fit that particular notice should be taken of that hour of joy; there were few such, for He was a man of sorrows: in that hour in which he saw Satan fall, and heard of the good success of his ministers, in that hour he rejoiced.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He has ever resisted the proud, and given grace to the humble. The more simply dependent we are on the teaching, help, and blessing of the Son of God, the more we shall know both of the Father and of the Son; the more blessed we shall be in seeing the glory, and hearing the words of the Divine Savior; and the more useful we shall be made in promoting his cause.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How triumphant the return of the evangelist! With faces flushed with pride and hearts high with elation, they returned to the Master with their reports. What wisdom it is to talk our work over with Jesus! Even the demons were subject to His Name. He was not surprised. While He had been watching, bearing them up by His intercessions, He had seen an alteration take place in the unseen world. Satan had fallen, as though the work done by these humble men had turned the scale against him. Is it not so still? What we do is of eternal importance.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “. . . your names are written in heaven (the Lamb’s Book of Life pertains).” (10:20)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Keep your name written there too; don’t reject the Holy Spirit.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Rejoices in the Father’s Will): “In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, ‘I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will. All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. Then turning to the disciples he said privately, ‘Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.” (10:21-24)
A. INFERENCE: “Then, ‘in that same hour’ it seemed as though the flood-gates of the Savior’s soul were flung open for very joy. He rejoiced that babe-like hearts might know the deep things of God; that all things were opened to Him in His humanity as in the ages before He became man; and that He was permitted to reveal the Father to those who loved and obeyed Him. It was for these, and for us, to know things hidden from prophets and kings.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The more simply dependent we are on the teaching, help, and blessing of the Son of God, the more we shall know both of the Father and of the Son; the more blessed we shall be in seeing the glory, and hearing the words of the Divine Savior; and the more useful we shall be made in promoting his cause.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “He offered up a solemn thanksgiving to his Father. He saw Satan fall, Jesus was full of joy through the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “He gave thanks for what was revealed by the Father through the Son and for what was secret between the Father and the Son.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “He told his disciples how good it was for them that they had these things revealed to them so they could use to lead others into the knowledge of them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They show us the way to salvation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The honor and happiness of the New Testament saints far exceed those even of the prophets and kings of the Old Testament.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Good Samaritan): “And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test, saying, ‘Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?’ He said to him, ‘What is written in the Law? How do you read it?’ And he answered, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.’ And he said to him, ‘You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live. But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, ‘And who is my neighbor?’ Jesus replied, ‘A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead. Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion. He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him. Ant the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.’ Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?’ He said, ‘The one who showed him mercy.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘You go, and do likewise.” (10:25-37)
A. INFERENCE: “If we speak of eternal life, and the way to it, in a careless manner, we take the name of God in vain. No one will ever love God and his neighbor with any measure of pure, spiritual love, who is not made a partaker of converting grace. But the proud heart of man strives hard against these convictions.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “It is lamentable to observe how selfishness governs all ranks; how many excuses men will make to avoid trouble or expense in relieving others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “But the true Christian has the law of love written in his heart. The Spirit of Christ dwells in him; Christ’s image is renewed in his soul.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The parable is a beautiful explanation of the law of loving our neighbor as ourselves, without regard to nation, party, or any other distinction. It also sets forth the kindness and love of God our Savior toward sinful, miserable men. We were like this poor, distressed traveler. Satan, our enemy, has robbed us, and wounded us: such is the mischief sin has done us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The blessed Jesus had compassion on us. The believer considers that Jesus loved him, and gave his life for him, when an enemy and a rebel; and having shown him mercy, he bids him go and do likewise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is the duty of us all, in our places, and according to our ability, to succor, help, and relieve all that are in distress and necessity.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be a good neighbor.

VI. KEY TEXT (Martha and Mary): “Now as they went on their way, Jesus entered a village. And a woman named Martha welcomed him into her house. And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching. But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, ‘Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.’ But the Lord answered her, ‘Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.” (10:38-42)
A. INFERENCE: “Sitting at Christ’s feet, signifies readiness to receive his word, and submission to the guidance of it. Martha was providing for the entertainment of Christ, and those that came with him. Here were respect to our Lord Jesus and right care of her household affairs.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But there was something to be blamed. She was for much serving; plenty, variety, and exactness. Worldly business is a snare to us, when it hinders us from serving God, and getting good to our souls. What needless time is wasted, and expense often laid out, even in entertaining professors of the gospel!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Though Martha was on this occasion faulty, yet she was a true believer, and in her general conduct did not neglect the one thing needful. The favor of God is needful to our happiness; the salvation of Christ is needful to our safety. Where this is attended to, all other things will be rightly pursued.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ declared, Mary hath chosen the good part. For one thing is needful, this one thing that she has done, to give up herself to the guidance of Christ. The things of this life will be taken away from us, at the furthest, when we shall be taken away from them; but nothing shall separate from the love of Christ, and a part in that love.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Men and devils cannot take it away from us, and God and Christ will not. Let us mind the one thing needful more diligently.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Martha and Mary each gave of her best. Each had her own sphere; one ministered to His physical need, the other to His heart. The mystical and practical are both required in Christ’s service, and blend at His feet.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Don’t live for many things; but for Him.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Luke 11:1, I. The Lord’s Prayer; II. Jesus and Beelzebul; III. Return of an Unclean Spirit; IV. True Blessedness; V. The Sign of Jonah; VI. The Light in You; VII. Woes to the Pharisees and Lawyers

I. KEY TEXT (The Lord’s Prayer): “Now Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when he finished, one of his disciples said to him, ‘Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.’ And he said to them, ‘When you pray, say: ‘Father, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread, and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation.’ And he said to them, ‘Which of your who has a friend will go to him at midnight and say to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves, for a friend of mine has arrived on a journey, and I have nothing to set before him’; and he will answer from within, ‘Do not bother me; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I cannot get up and give you anything’? I tell you, though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his imprudence he will rise and give him whatever he needs. And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened. What father among you, if his son asks for a fish, will instead of a fish give him a serpent; or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” (11:1-13)
A. INFERENCE: “”Lord, teach us to pray,” is a good prayer, and a very needful one, for Jesus Christ only can teach us, by his word and Spirit, how to pray. Lord, teach me what it is to pray; Lord, stir up and quicken me to the duty; Lord, direct me what to pray for; teach me what I should say. Christ taught them a prayer, much the same that he had given before in his sermon upon the mount.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Let us in our requests, both for others and for ourselves, come to our heavenly Father, confiding in his power and goodness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The way to teach people to pray is to pray yourself. It was the habitual prayerfulness of Jesus that made the Apostles long to be taught to pray.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What an example is here of the power of unconscious influence! ” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “If you desire that your children or scholars should pray, pray yourself.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The model prayer is full of suggestion as to the order and topics of prayer.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Fill in these outlines!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus and Beelzebul): “Now he was casting out a demon that was mute. When the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke, and the people marveled. But some of them said, ‘He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of demons,’ while others, to test him, kept seeking from him a sign from heaven. But he, knowing their thoughts, said to them, ‘Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and a divided household falls. And if Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? For you say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul. And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. But if it is by the finger of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own palace, his goods are safe; but when one stronger than he attacks him and overcomes him, he takes away his armor in which he trusted and divides his spoil. Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters.” (11:14-23)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ’s thus casting out the devils, was really the destroying of their power. The heart of every unconverted sinner is the devil’s palace, where he dwells, and where he rules. There is a kind of peace in the heart of an unconverted soul, while the devil, as a strong man armed, keeps it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The sinner is secure, has no doubt concerning the goodness of his state, nor any dread of the judgment to come. But observe the wonderful change made in conversion. The conversion of a soul to God, is Christ’s victory over the devil and his power in that soul, restoring the soul to its liberty, and recovering his own interest in it and power over it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “All the endowments of mind of body are now employed for Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Here is the condition of a hypocrite. The house is swept from common sins, by a forced confession, as Pharaoh’s; by a feigned contrition, as Ahab’s; or by a partial reformation, as Herod’s. The house is swept, but it is not washed; the heart is not made holy. Sweeping takes off only the loose dirt, while the sin that besets the sinner, the beloved sin, is untouched.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The house is garnished with common gifts and graces. It is not furnished with any true grace; it is all paint and varnish, not real nor lasting.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It was never given up to Christ, nor dwelt in by the Spirit. Let us take heed of resting in that which a man may have, and yet come short of heaven. The wicked spirits enter in without any difficulty; they are welcomed, and they dwell there; there they work, there they rule.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “From such an awful state let all earnestly pray to be delivered.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Return of an Unclean Spirit): “When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and finding none it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when it comes, it finds the house swept and put in order. Then it goes and brings seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there. And the last state of that person is worse than the first.” (11:24-26)
A. INFERENCE: “When Christ takes up His residence in the heart Satan may rage outside and fling in horrid suggestions, but the door is kept closed against his return.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “They are to be pitied who make a reform in their own strength-Satan will return.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Only Christ can work permanent deliverance.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “That there was a vast difference between the devil’s going out by consent and his being cast out by compulsion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Those out of whom Christ cast him he never entered into again, for such was Christ’s command; whereas, if he had gone out, whenever he saw fit he would have made a re-entry.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Christ, as he gives a total, so he gives a final, defeat to the enemy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Keep your heart out of the devils house.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT (True Blessedness): “As he said these things, a woman in the crowd raised her voice and said to him, ‘Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts at which you nursed! But he said, ‘Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and keep it!” (11:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “While the scribes and Pharisees despised and blasphemed the discourses of our Lord Jesus, this good woman admired them, and the wisdom and power with which he spake.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ led the woman to a higher consideration.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Though it is a great privilege to hear the word of God, yet those only are truly blessed, that is, blessed of the Lord, that hear it, keep it in memory, and keep to it as their way and rule.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What a tribute this woman paid our Lord! He was full of grace as well as truth; and those who, with unbiased and unprejudiced minds, saw Him moving among men, were constrained to confess His inimitable beauty. Notice that the simplest soul that hears and obeys God’s Word is equally beatified with His mother, Luke 11:28.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “This is intended partly as a restraint to her, for doting so much on his bodily presence, partly as an encouragement to her to hope that she might be as happy as his own mother, if she would hear the word of God and obey it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Those only are truly blessed who hear it and obey it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Obey God’s word.

V. KEY TEXT (The Sign of Jonah): “When the crowds were increasing, he began to say, ‘This generation is an evil generation. It seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah. For as Jonah became a sign to the people of Nineveh, so will the Son of Man be to this generation. The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here. The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.” (11:29-32)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ promised that there should be one sign more given, even the sign of Jonah the prophet; which in Matthew is explained, as meaning the resurrection of Christ; and he warned them to improve this sign. But though Christ himself were the constant preacher in any congregation, and worked miracles daily among them, yet unless his grace humbled their hearts, they would not profit by his word. Let us not desire more evidence and fuller teaching than the Lord is pleased to afford us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “We should pray without ceasing that our hearts and understandings may be opened, that we may profit by the light we enjoy. And especially take heed that the light which is in us be not darkness; for if our leading principles be wrong, our judgment and practice must become more so.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Men will be judged by the opportunities they have had. Every age and every race and every individual on which the sun has ever shone has had a chance. Not our chance, but a chance suited to the spiritual vision of each, John 1:9; Romans 1:20; Romans 2:5, etc. So God will be able to judge all men. But in how many cases will they who have not had our advantages be found in a higher class in the great University of Heaven than some of us who have lived amid the light of Christ!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The great and most convincing proof of Christ’s being sent from God was the resurrection of Christ from the dead.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The Son of Man shall be a sign to this generation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: No sign is greater than he.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “So the light of the soul is its power to discriminate between good and evil, truth and falsehood. The light of divine revelation operates in the same way towards us, and we benefit from it in the same way.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VI. KEY TEXT (The Light in You): “No one after lighting a lamp puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, so that those who enter may see the light. Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eye is healthy, your whole body is full of light, but when it is bad, you body is full of darkness. Therefore be careful lest the light in you be darkness. If then your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly bright, as when a lamp with its rays gives you light.” (11:33-36)
A. INFERENCE: “‘The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord,’ Proverbs 20:27. How many unlit candles there are! Will you not ask whether Christ has ever kindled you with His divine light and life?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “You have the capacity for God, but this is not enough: Christ must give you light, Ephesians 5:14.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Seek the clear shining of the inner light, and remember that it will grow clearer and brighter just in proportion as it is obeyed and followed.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What a glorious conception this is, that the Lord Jesus shall so fill us with the radiance and warmth of His love that there shall be no part dark!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “If this eye of the soul is good, if it sees clearly, if it aims at truth only, and seeks it for its own sake, the whole body, that is, the whole soul, is full of light.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “If our understanding admits the gospel in its full light, it fills the soul, and it has enough to fill it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Fill up your soul with light.

VII. KEY TEXT (Woes to the Pharisees and Lawyers): “While Jesus was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to dine with him, so he went in and reclined at table. The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner. And the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. You fools! Did not he who made the outside make the inside also? But give as alms those things that are within, and behold, everything is clean for you. But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seat in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces. Woe to you! For you are like unmarked graves, and people walk over them without knowing it.’ One of the lawyers answered him, ‘Teacher, in saying these things you insult us also.’ And he said, ‘Woe to you lawyers also! For you load people with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers. Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers killed. So you are witnesses and you consent to the deeds of your fathers, for they killed them, and you build their tombs. Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,’ so that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, may be charged against this generation, from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation. Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering. As he went away from there, the scribes and the Pharisees began to press him hard and to provoke him to speak about many things, lying in wait for him, to catch him in something he might say.” (11:37-54)
A. INFERENCE: “We should all look to our hearts, that they may be cleansed and new-created; and while we attend to the great things of the law and of the gospel, we must not neglect the smallest matter God has appointed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “When any wait to catch something out of our mouths, that they may ensnare us, O Lord, give us thy prudence and thy patience, and disappoint their evil purposes.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Furnish us with such meekness and patience that we may glory in reproaches, for Christ’s sake, and that thy Holy Spirit may rest upon us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ did fear the Pharisees and the scribes.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Christ sharply rebuked the Pharisees and the scribes regarding washing before the meal.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “He reproves them for emphasizing trifles, and neglecting the weighty matters of the law; their pride and vanity; and their hypocrisy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Take to task any misrepresentation or opposition of the gospel of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

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