Week #129; Wed, Jun 17: Luke 4:1-7:50

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Luke 4:1, I. The Temptation of Jesus; II. Jesus Begins His Ministry; III. Jesus Rejected at Nazareth; IV. Jesus Heals a Man with an Unclean Demon; V. Jesus Heals Many; VI. Jesus Preaches in Synagogues

I. KEY TEXT (The Temptation of Jesus): “And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry.” (4:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “The devil said to him, ‘If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.” And the devil took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, and said to him, ‘To you I will give all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will. If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’ And he took him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, ‘If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, for it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’ and ‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.”” (4:3-12)
1. FINDINGS: “And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from him until and opportune time.” (4:13)
2. CRITERIA: “‘It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone.’ ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’ ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'” (4:4, 8, 12)
3. CONDITION: “After Satan’s failure to cause the Lord Jesus to depart from Scripture, he seeks to tempt Him by Scripture. However, Satan misquotes it in omitting the phrase ‘in all your ways’ (Ps. 91:11). The Lord’s ways were those marked out for Him in perfect dependence upon His Father’s will (Heb. 10:7, 9).” (C. I. Scofield Study System)
4. CAUSE: “As the waters of the Jordan bisect the Holy Land, so does our Lord’s baptism bisect His holy life. In that act He had identified Himself with the world’s sin; and now, as the High Priest who was to deal with sin and sinners, He must be ‘in all points’ tempted and tested ‘like as we are.'” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “He took into the wilderness a perfect humanity of flesh and blood, made in all points like His brethren, though without sin. He elected to fight His great fight, not by the use of the divine attributes, but as Son of man. Where the first Adam fell, the second must stand. First, He could not use His native power for His own gratification. Second, He would abide strictly within the limitations of the world He had entered, (Heb. 2:16-17). Third, He would win His kingdom by the Cross.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The word of God is our sword, and faith in that word is our shield. We should reject at once and with abhorrence, every opportunity of sinful gain or advancement, as a price offered for our souls; we should seek riches, honors, and happiness in the worship and service of God only. Let not any abuse of Scripture by Satan or by men abate our esteem, or cause us to abandon its use; but let us study it still, seek to know it, and seek our defense from it in all kinds of assaults. Though Satan depart for a season, we shall never be out of his reach till removed from this present evil world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Begins His Ministry): “And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country. And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.” (4:14-15)
A. INFERENCE: “Having defended himself against the devil’s assaults, he now begins to take the offensive, and to make those attacks against him, by his preaching and miracles, which he could not resist or repel.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ taught in their synagogues, their places of public worship, where they met to read, expound, and apply the word, to pray and praise. All the gifts and graces of the Spirit were upon him and on him, without measure. By Christ, sinners may be loosed from the bonds of guilt, and by his Spirit and grace from the bondage of corruption. He came by the word of his gospel, to bring light to those that sat in the dark, and by the power of his grace, to give sight to those that were blind.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “He was not to wait for a call from men, for he had light and life in himself.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Now, at first he met with no contempt or contradiction; all praised him, and there were none as yet who vilified him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “News about him spread through the whole countryside (and it was good news).” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “. . . for everyone praised him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: It’s not how we read the Bible; it’s how the Bible reads us–what would we do?

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Rejected at Nazareth): “And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written, ‘The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.'” (4:14-19)
A. INFERENCE: “And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him.” (4:20)
1. FINDINGS: “And he began to say to them, ‘Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.'” (4:21)
2. CRITERIA: “The Year of the Lord’s favor.” (Isaiah 61:1, 2)
3. CONDITION: “And all spoke well of him and marveled at the gracious words that were coming from his mouth. And they said, ‘Is not this Joseph’s son?’ And he said to them, ‘Doubtless you will quote to me this proverb, ‘Physician, heal yourself.’ ‘What we have heard you did at Capernaum, do here in your hometown as well.’ And he said, ‘Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown. But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land, and Elijah was sent to none of them but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.’ When they heard these things, all in the synagogue were filled with wrath. And they rose up and drove him out of the town and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff. But passing through their midst, he went away.” (4:22-30)
4. CAUSE: “There was a providence in it, that the portion of scripture should be read that day which speaks so very plainly of the Messiah.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “This text gives a full account of what Christ undertook, and the work he came into the world to do.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It now began to be fulfilled in Christ’s commencing his public ministry.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume) We are to set our course based on his lead.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Man with an Unclean Demon): “And he went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath, and they were astonished at his teaching for his word possessed authority.” (4:31-32)
A. INFERENCE: “And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, ‘Ha! What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are–the Holy One of God.'” (4:33-34)
1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus rebuked him, saying, ‘Be silent and come out of him!’ And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he came out of him, having done him no harm.” (4:35)
2. CRITERIA: “Evidently our Lord was not only “seen of angels,” but closely watched by the fallen spirits, who beheld His every act and listened to every word. What a remarkable verdict was that given in Luke 4:34! Those who know most of evil are most certain of the ultimate woe which awaits its votaries; and they know genuine goodness when they meet it.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And they were all amazed and said to one another, ‘What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!” (4:36)
4. CAUSE: “Our Lord had overcome the prince of demons, and could therefore command His household.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “And reports about him went out into every place in the surrounding region.” (4:37)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need to be delivered from the fever of passion, caught in the low-lying marshes of our lives; to have Christ’s hands laid upon our sicknesses and wounds; to be delivered from evil things that haunt our hearts. Then we must help Him in similar services to others.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals Many): “And he arose and left the synagogue and entered Simon’s house. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was ill with a high fever, and they appealed to him on her behalf.” (4:38)
A. INFERENCE: “And he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and immediately she rose and began to serve them. (4:39)
1. FINDINGS: “Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. And demons also came out of many crying, ‘You are the Son of God!’ But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.” (4:40-41)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ’s preaching much affected the people; and a working power went with it to the consciences of men. These miracles showed Christ to be a controller and conqueror of Satan, a healer of diseases. Where Christ gives a new life, in recovery from sickness, it should be a new life, spent more than ever in his service, to his glory.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He cast the devils out of many who were possessed. We were not sent into this world to live to ourselves only, but to glorify God, and to do good in our generation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “He will continue with us, by his word and Spirit, and extend the same blessings to other nations, till, throughout the earth, the servants and worshippers of Satan are brought to acknowledge him as the Christ, the Son of God, and to find redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In after years the evil spirit cried out, “Jesus I know,” (Acts 19:15). Evidently our Lord was not only “seen of angels,” but closely watched by the fallen spirits, who beheld His every act and listened to every word. What a remarkable verdict was that given in Luke 4:34!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our business should be to spread abroad Christ’s fame in every place, to beseech him in behalf of those diseased in body or mind, and to use our influence in bringing sinners to him, that his hands may be laid upon them for their healing.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Preaches in Synagogues): “And when it was day, he departed and went into a desolate place.” (4:42)
A. INFERENCE: “And the people sought him and came to him, and would have kept him from leaving them, but he said to them, . . .” (4:42)
1. FINDINGS: “. . . I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns as well; for I was sent for this purpose.’ And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea.” (4:43)
2. CRITERIA: “The people sought him, and came unto him. A desert is no desert, if we are with Christ there.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And he was preaching in in the synagogues of Judea.” (4:44)
4. CAUSE: “He will continue with us, by his word and Spirit, and extend the same blessings to other nations, till, throughout the earth, the servants and worshippers of Satan are brought to acknowledge him as the Christ, the Son of God, and to find redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Those who know most of evil are most certain of the ultimate woe which awaits its votaries; and they know genuine goodness when they meet it. Our Lord had overcome the prince of demons, and could therefore command His household.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need to be delivered from the fever of passion, caught in the low-lying marshes of our lives; to have Christ’s hands laid upon our sicknesses and wounds; to be delivered from evil things that haunt our hearts. Then we must help Him in similar services to others. But if He must have His quiet prayer times, so must we, Luke 4:42.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Luke 5:1, I. Jesus Calls the First Disciples; II. Jesus Cleanses a Leper; III. Jesus Heals a Paralytic; IV. Jesus Calls Levi; V. A Question About Fasting

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Calls the First Disciples): “On one occasion, while the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret, and he saw two boats by the lake, but the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing their nets.” (5:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Getting into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, he asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down and taught the people from the boat.” (5:3)
1. FINDINGS: “And when he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.’ And Simon answered, ‘Master, we toiled all night and took nothing! But at your word I will let down the nets.’ And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish, and their nets were breaking.” (5:4-6)
2. CRITERIA: “They signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink.” (5:7)
3. CONDITION: “But when Simon Peter saw it he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, ‘Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.’ For he and all who were with him were astonished at the catch of fish that they had taken, and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, ‘Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men.'” (5:8-10)
4. CAUSE: “And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him.” (5:11)
5. EFFECT: Gone fishing!
6. RECOMMENDATION: Go fish!

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Cleanses a Leper): “While he was in one of the cities, there came a man full of leprosy. And when he saw Jesus, he fell on his face and begged him, ‘Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.'” (5:12)
A. INFERENCE: “This man is said to be full of leprosy; he had that distemper in a high degree, which represents our natural pollution by sin; we are full of that leprosy; from the crown of the head to the sole of the foot there is no soundness in us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, ‘I will; be clean.’ And he charged him to tell no one, but ‘go and show yourself to the priest, and make an offering for your cleansing, as Moses commanded, for a proof to them.'” (5:13-14)
2. CRITERIA: “Speak not as doubting, but as humbly referring the matter to Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But now even more the report about him went abroad, and great crowds gathered to hear him and to be healed of their infirmities.” (5:15)
4. CAUSE: “And being saved from the guilt and power of our sins, let us spread abroad Christ’s fame, and bring others to hear him and to be healed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But he would withdraw to desolate places and pray.” (5:16)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Jesus did not hesitate to touch the leper, because He could no more be polluted by uncleanness than could a ray of light by passing through a fetid atmosphere. The question is never in can or will, as applied to Christ, but whether WE will trust Him and can believe.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Paralytic): “On one of those days, as he was teaching, Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was with him to heal.” (5:17)
A. INFERENCE: “And behold, some men were bringing on a bed a man who was paralyzed, and they were seeking to bring him in and lay him before Jesus, but finding no way to bring him in, because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down with his bed through the tiles into the midst before Jesus.” (5:18-19)
1. FINDINGS: “And when he saw their faith, he said, ‘Man, your sins are forgiven you.” (5:20)
2. CRITERIA: “How many are there in our assemblies, where the gospel is preached, who do not sit under the word, but sit by! It is to them as a tale that is told them, not as a message that is sent to them. Observe the duties taught and recommended to us by the history of the paralytic. In applying to Christ, we must be very pressing and urgent; that is an evidence of faith, and is very pleasing to Christ, and prevailing with him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And the scribes and the Pharisees began to question, saying, ‘Who is this who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God alone?’ When Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answered them, ‘Why do you question in your hearts? Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you, ‘ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’?” (5:21-23)
4. CAUSE: “‘But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins’–he said to the man who was paralyzed–‘I say to you, rise, pick up your bed and go home.'” (5:24)
5. EFFECT: “And immediately he rose up before them and picked up what he had been lying on and went home, glorifying God. And amazement seized them all, and they glorified God and were filled with awe, saying, ‘We have seen extraordinary things today.'” (5:25-26)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Give us, Lord, the same kind of faith with respect to thy ability and willingness to heal our souls. Give us to desire the pardon of sin more than any earthly blessing, or life itself. Enable us to believe thy power to forgive sins; then will our souls cheerfully arise and go where thou pleasest.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Calls Levi): “After this he went out and saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the tax booth. And he said to him, ‘Follow me.’ And leaving everything, he rose and followed him.” (5:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “And Levi made him a great feast in his house, and there was a large company of tax collectors and others reclining at table with them. And the Pharisees and the scribes grumbled at his disciples, saying, ‘Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?'” (5:29-30)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answered them, ‘Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.” (5:31)
2. CRITERIA: “I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.” (5:32)
3. CONDITION: “It was a wonder of Christ’s grace, that he would call a publican to be his disciple and follower. It was a wonder of his grace, that the call was made so effectual. It was a wonder of his grace, that he came to call sinners to repentance, and to assure them of pardon. It was a wonder of his grace, that he so patiently bore the contradiction of sinners against himself and his disciples. It was a wonder of his grace, that he fixed the services of his disciples according to their strength and standing.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Lord trains up his people gradually for the trials allotted them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “At first the bed bore the paralytic, but after the power of Jesus had entered into him, he bore the bed. So Jesus pours His energy into our anemic natures, and we master what had mastered us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should copy his example in dealing with the weak in faith, or the tempted believer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (A Question About Fasting): “And they said to him, ‘The disciples of John fast often and offer prayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink.'” (5:33)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to them, ‘Can you make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.'” (5:34-35)
1. FINDINGS: “He also told them a parable: ‘No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment. If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old. And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed. But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins.” (5:36-38)
2. CRITERIA: “And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.'” (5:39)
3. CONDITION: “Let us not cling to the broken bottle-skins of the past, whether they be out-worn ceremonies, creeds or formulations of truth. Let the ferment of each great religious movement and new era express itself in its own way.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “But if the bottle-skins have evidently served their purpose and lie discarded on the ground, that will not affect the vintage, which is reddening on the hills.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Go and pick the fruit God is giving you, place it carefully in baskets and let it have new skins.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We must not encourage the ill-judged speed of those who want to force the pace, and fling away the bottle-skins before they are done with.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Luke 6:1, I. Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath; II. A Man With a Withered Hand; III. The Twelve Apostles; IV. Jesus Ministers to a Great Multitude; V. The Beatitudes; VI. Jesus Pronounces Woes; VII. Love Your Enemies; VIII. Judging Others; IX. A Tree and Its Fruit; X. Build Your House on the Rock

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath): “On a Sabbath, while he was going through the grainfields, his disciples plucked and ate some heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands.” (6-1:)
A. INFERENCE: “But some of the Pharisees said, ‘Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?” (6:2)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answered them, ‘Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: how he entered the house of God and took and ate the bread of the Presence, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat, and also gave it to those with him?’ And he said to them, ‘The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.'” (6:3-5)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ justifies his disciples in a work of necessity for themselves on the Sabbath day, and that was plucking the ears of corn when they were hungry. But we must take heed that we mistake not this liberty for leave to commit sin.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ will have us to know and remember that it is his day, therefore to be spent in his service, and to his honor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Here is a proof of the lawfulness of works of necessity and mercy on the Sabbath day, the former in vindication of his disciples’ plucking the heads of grain, the latter in vindication of himself healing the withered hand on that day.”” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “In the kingdom of the Redeemer, the Sabbath day is to be turned into a Lord’s day. As a sign of this, it shall not only have a new name, the Lord’s day, but shall be transferred to a new day, the first day of the week.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Works of necessity are particularly allowable on the Sabbath day.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (A Man With a Withered Hand): “On another Sabbath, he entered the synagogue and was teaching, and a man was there whose right hand was withered. And the scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might find a reason to accuse him.” (6:6-7)
A. INFERENCE: “But he knew their thoughts, and he said to the man with the withered hand, ‘Come and stand here.’ And he rose and stood there.” (6:8)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to them, ‘I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?’ And after looking around at them all he said to him, ‘Stretch out your hand.’ And he did so, and his hand was restored.” (6:9-10)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ was neither ashamed nor afraid to own the purposes of his grace. He healed the poor man, though he knew that his enemies would take advantage against him for it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But they were filled with fury and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.” (6:11)
4. CAUSE: “Let us not be drawn either from our duty or from our usefulness by any opposition. We may well be amazed, that the sons of men should be so wicked.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ was not destroying religion, but freeing it from the formalist.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The grave question today is, whether, in our revolt from Puritan strictness in observing Sunday, we have not gone to the other extreme. The Church of God will have to stand for God’s day, not only for God’s sake, but for the sake of the masses, who are menaced by a seven-days’ working week. The Sabbath was made for man; he needs it. If God made it for him, let God’s children preserve it.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Twelve Apostles): “In these days he went out to the mountain to pray, and all night he continued in prayer to God. And when day came, he called his disciples and chose from them twelve, whom he named apostles: Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.” (6:12-15)
A. INFERENCE: “The twelve apostles are here named; never were men so privileged, yet one of them had a devil, and proved a traitor. Those who have not faithful preaching near them, had better travel far than be without it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “There are three circles here: First, Christ and His Apostles-the men who were to be sent into all the world to preach the gospel and to lay the foundations of the Church. How little did these single men imagine that one day their names would become inscribed on the foundation stones of the New Jerusalem!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The next circle is that of the disciples, Luke 6:17. You must be a disciple before you can be an apostle. You must learn, if you are to teach. You must sit at the feet of Jesus, till some day He calls you out from the class and commissions you to the world. The sheep becomes a shepherd.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The third great outer rim is the poor, needy world. What a gathering of sick folk! But if only people knew the distempers of their soul-life they would gather with equal eagerness to Jesus. How wonderful that secret touch! Luke 6:19. But many still touch Him in the press!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “All the people, one way or other, the better for him: he healed them all; and who is there who does not need, for some reason or other, to be healed?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “There is a fullness of grace in Christ, that is enough for all, enough for each.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Get his full grace.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Ministers to a Great Multitude): “And he came down with them and stood on a level place, with a great crowd of his disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases. And those who were troubled with unclean spirits were cured. And all the crowd sought to touch him, for power came out from him and healed them all.” (6:17-19)
A. INFERENCE: “It is indeed worth while to go a great way to hear the word of Christ, and to go out of the way of other business for it. They came to be cured by him, and he healed them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “There is a fullness of grace in Christ, and healing virtue in him, ready to go out from him, that is enough for all, enough for each.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “No, it should seem, those who had no particular diseases to complain of yet found it a great confirmation and renovation to their bodily health and vigor to partake of the power that was coming from him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: All were healed.
4. CAUSE: “Power came out from him . . .” (6:19)
5. EFFECT: “. . . and he healed them all.” (6:19)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be disposed toward Christ.

V. KEY TEXT (The Beatitudes): “And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said: ‘Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.’ ‘Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you shall be satisfied.’ ‘Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.’ ‘Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil, on account of the Son of Man!’ ‘Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven; for so their fathers did to the prophets.'” (6:20-23)
A. INFERENCE: “Here begins a discourse of Christ, most of which is also found in Matthew 5-7 (The Sermon on the Mount). But some think that this was preached at another time and place. All believers that take the precepts of the gospel to themselves, and live by them, may take the promises of the gospel to themselves, and live upon them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “There he sat, as one having authority; there they came to him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “You are treated as the prophets were before you, and therefore not only need not be ashamed of it, but may justly rejoice in it. You will for this be abundantly recompenses. Your reward is great in heaven.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Though you may be losers for Christ, you shall not be losers by him in the end.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: The earth is not the place to invest.
5. EFFECT: Focus your investments on heavenly places.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is the folly of carnal worldings that they make the things of this world their consolation, which were intended only for their convenience.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Pronounces Woes): “‘But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation.’ ‘Woe to you who are full now, for you shall be hungry.’ ‘Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.’ ‘Woe to you, when all people speak well of you, for so their fathers did to the false prophets.” (6:24-26)
A. INFERENCE: “Woes are denounced against prosperous sinners as miserable people, though the world envies them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Those are blessed indeed whom Christ blesses, but those must be dreadfully miserable who fall under his woe and curse!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “What a vast advantage will the saint have over the sinner in the other world! and what a wide difference will there be in their rewards, how much soever the sinner may prosper, and the saint be afflicted here!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It should seem, the best exposition of these woes, compared with the previous blessings, is the parable of the rich man and Lazarus. Here is a woe to them who are rich, that is, who trust in riches; woe to them, for they have already received their comfort, that which they placed their happiness in.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The folly of carnal worldings.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They please themselves with them and to them the consolations, of God are small, and of no account.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Take praise from all lightly.

VII. KEY TEXT (Love Your Enemies): “But I say to you who hear, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. To one who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also, and from one who takes away you cloak do not withhold your tunic either. Give to everyone who begs from you, and from one who takes away your goods do not demand them back. And as you wish that others would do to you, do so to them.” (6:27-31)
A. INFERENCE: “If you love those who love you, what benefit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. And if you do good to those who do good to you, what benefit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to get back the same amount. But love you enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return, and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, for he is kind to the ungrateful and the evil. Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful.” (6:32-36)
1. FINDINGS: “These are hard lessons to flesh and blood. But if we are thoroughly grounded in the faith of Christ’s love, this will make his commands easy to us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Every one that comes to him for washing in his blood, and knows the greatness of the mercy and the love there is in him, can say, in truth and sincerity, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Luke’s version of the Sermon on the Mount differs from that of Matthew, only as each views the great discourse from his own standpoint. By one it is viewed as the manifesto of the King; by the other, as the proclamation of “the Man Christ Jesus” to man.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Notice the secret of blessedness! Here is the draught-sketch of a life of abounding blessing, overflowing with mercy and lovingkindness. With what measure we mete out our love to men, they will measure back their love to us, using our own measures for the purpose.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Each of these Beatitudes is a gateway into blessedness. It is not that blessedness is the reward of virtue, but it is the necessary and invariable result. Only we must be good, because it is right and God-pleasing to be so, and the blessedness will be as natural as the bloom on the peach.
” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us then aim to be merciful, even according to the mercy of our heavenly Father to us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VIII. KEY TEXT (Judging Others): “Judge not, and you will not be judged; condemn not, and you will not be condemned; forgive, and you will be forgiven; give, and it will be given to you. Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be put into you lap. For with the measure you use it will be measured back to you.” (6:37-38)
A. INFERENCE: “He also told them a parable: ‘Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher. Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye, when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.” (6:39-42)
1. FINDINGS: “All these sayings Christ often used; it was easy to apply them. We ought to be very careful when we blame others; for we need allowance ourselves. If we are of a giving and a forgiving spirit, we shall ourselves reap the benefit.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Though full and exact returns are made in another world, not in this world, yet Providence does what should encourage us in doing good. Those who follow the multitude to do evil, follow in the broad way that leads to destruction. The tree is known by its fruits; may the word of Christ be so grafted in our hearts, that we may be fruitful in every good word and work.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And what the mouth commonly speaks, generally agrees with what is most in the heart. Those only make sure work for their souls and eternity, and take the course that will profit in a trying time, who think, speak, and act according to the words of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Those who take pains in religion, found their hope upon Christ, who is the Rock of Ages, and other foundation can no man lay.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In death and judgment they are safe, being kept by the power of Christ through faith unto salvation, and they shall never perish.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need to look at home first, before we essay to judge or condemn others. It is blundering waste to deal with other people’s eyes if you have a defect in yours. Colorblind men ought not to run trains. Speech betrayeth men; what they say, that they are. The man who is quickest to judge and discuss the faults of another does so because of his own experience of the same sin. How else could he know so much about it?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IX. KEY TEXT (A Tree and Its Fruit): “For no good tree bears bad fruit, nor again does a bad tree bear good fruit, for each tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from thornbushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush. The good person out of the good treasure of his heart produces good, and the evil person out of his evil treasure produces evil, for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.” (6:43-45)
A. INFERENCE: “All these sayings Christ often used; it was easy to apply them. We ought to be very careful when we blame others; for we need allowance ourselves. If we are of a giving and a forgiving spirit, we shall ourselves reap the benefit. Though full and exact returns are made in another world, not in this world, yet Providence does what should encourage us in doing good. Those who follow the multitude to do evil, follow in the broad way that leads to destruction.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The tree is known by its fruits; may the word of Christ be so grafted in our hearts, that we may be fruitful in every good word and work. And what the mouth commonly speaks, generally agrees with what is most in the heart.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Those only make sure work for their souls and eternity, and take the course that will profit in a trying time, who think, speak, and act according to the words of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Those who take pains in religion, found their hope upon Christ, who is the Rock of Ages, and other foundation can no man lay.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “In death and judgment they are safe, being kept by the power of Christ through faith unto salvation, and they shall never perish.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The rock is not the Church, nor doctrine, nor even the Bible, but Christ (Isa. 28:16).” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “If the fruit is good, you may conclude that the tree is so; for each tree is recognized by its own fruit.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

X. KEY TEXT (Build Your House on the Rock): “Why do you call me “Lord, Lord, ‘ and not do what I tell you? Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and does them, I will show you what he is like: he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, the stream broke against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built. But the one who hears and does not do them is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. When the stream broke against it, immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.” (6:46-49)
A. INFERENCE: “It is insulting him to call him ‘Lord, Lord,’ if we do not set our hearts on conforming to his will.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “It is deceiving ourselves if we think that hearing the sayings of Christ will bring us to heaven, without doing them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “That those only do lasting work for their souls and eternity who do not only come to Christ as his students, and hear his sayings, but do them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “They are like a house built on a rock.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “They dig deep, who base their hope on Christ, who is the rock of ages.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They who do thus, do well for themselves.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Build your faith on THE ROCK.

Luke 7:1, I. Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant; II. Jesus Raises a Widow’s Son; III. Messengers from John the Baptist; IV. A Sinful Woman Forgiven

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant): “After he had finished all his sayings in the hearing of the people, he entered Capernaum. Now a centurion had a servant who was sick and at the point of death, who was highly valued by him. When the centurion heard about Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews, asking him to come and heal his servant. And when they came to Jesus, they pleaded with him earnestly, saying, ‘He is worthy to have you do this for him, for he loves our nation, and he is the one who built us our synagogue.'” (7:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus went with them. When he was not far from the house, the centurion sent friends, saying to him, ‘Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. Therefore I did not presume to come to you.” (7:6-7)
1. FINDINGS: “But say the word, and let my servant be healed. For I too am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me: and I say to one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.” (7:8)
2. CRITERIA: “When Jesus heard these things, he marveled at him, and turning to the crowd that followed him, said, ‘I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such faith.'” (7:9)
3. CONDITION: “And when those who had been sent returned to the house, they found the servant well.” (7:10)
4. CAUSE: “Faith.” (7:9)
5. EFFECT: “. . . they found the servant well.” (7:10)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Have faith in Jesus Christ.

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Raises a Widow’s Son): “Soon afterward he went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a great crowd went with him. As he drew near to the gate of the town, behold, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow, and a considerable crowd from the town was with her.” (7:11-12)
A. INFERENCE: “And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her and said to her, ‘Do not weep.’ Then he came up and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still.” (7:13-14)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said, ‘Young man, I say to you, arise.’ And the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother.” (7:14-15)
2. CRITERIA: “Fear seized them all, and they glorified God, saying, ‘A great prophet has arisen among us!’ and ‘God has visited his people!'” (7:16)
3. CONDITION: “And this report about him spread through the whole of Judea and all the surrounding country.” (7:17)
4. CAUSE: “When the Lord saw the poor widow following her son to the grave, he had compassion on her. See Christ’s power over death itself. The gospel call to all people, to young people particularly, is, Arise from the dead, and Christ shall give you light and life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When Christ put life into him, it appeared by the youth’s sitting up. Have we grace from Christ? Let us show it. He began to speak: whenever Christ gives us spiritual life, he opens the lips in prayer and praise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “When dead souls are raised to spiritual life, by Divine power going with the gospel, we must glorify God, and look upon it as a gracious visit to his people. Let us seek for such an interest in our compassionate Savior, that we may look forward with joy to the time when the Redeemer’s voice shall call forth all that are in their graves. May we be called to the resurrection of life, not to that of damnation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Messengers from John the Baptist): “The disciples of John reported all these things to him. And John, calling two of his disciples to him, sent them to the Lord, saying, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?’ And when the men had come to him, they said, ‘John the Baptist has sent us to you, saying, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?'” (7:18-20)
A. INFERENCE: “In that hour he healed many people of diseases and plagues and evil spirits, and on many who were blind he bestowed sight.” (7:21)
1. FINDINGS: “And he answered them, ‘Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have good news preached to them. And blessed is the one who is not offended by me.'” (7:22-23)
2. CRITERIA: “When John’s messengers had gone, Jesus began to speak to the crowds concerning John: ‘What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who are dressed in splendid clothing and live in luxury are in kings’ courts. What then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.’ I tell you, among those born of women none is greater than John, Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.’ (When all the people heard this, and the tax collectors too, they declared God just, having been baptized with the baptism of John, but the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the purpose of God for themselves, not having been baptized by him.)” (7:24-30)
3. CONDITION: “To what then shall I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like? They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to one another, ‘We played the flute for you, and you did not dance; we sang a dirge, and you did not weep.’ For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners! Yet wisdom is justified by all her children.'” (7:31-35)
4. CAUSE: “To his miracles in the kingdom of nature, Christ adds this in the kingdom of grace, To the poor the gospel is preached. It clearly pointed out the spiritual nature of Christ’s kingdom, that the messenger he sent before him to prepare his way, did it by preaching repentance and reformation of heart and life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We have here the just blame of those who were not wrought upon by the ministry of John Baptist or of Jesus Christ himself. They made a jest of the methods God took to do them good. This is the ruin of multitudes; they are not serious in the concerns of their souls.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us study to prove ourselves children of Wisdom, by attending the instructions of God’s word, and adoring those mysteries and glad tidings which infidels and Pharisees deride and blaspheme.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (A Sinful Woman Forgiven): “One of the Pharisees asked him to eat with him, and he went into the Pharisees’ house and took his place at the table. And behold a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of ointment, and standing behind him at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears and wiped them with the hair of her head and kissed his feet and anointed them with the ointment.” (7:36-38)
A. INFERENCE: “Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, ‘If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner.'” (7:39)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answering said to him, ‘Simon, I have something to say to you.’ And he answered, ‘Say it, Teacher.'” (7:40)
2. CRITERIA: “A certain moneylender had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. When they could not pay, he cancelled the debt of both. Now which of them will love him more? Simon answered, ‘The one, I suppose, for whom he cancelled the larger debt.’ And he said to him, ‘You have judged rightly.'” (7:41-43)
3. CONDITION: “Then turning toward the woman he said to Simon, ‘Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment.” (7:44-46)
4. CAUSE: “Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven–for she loved much. But he who is forgiven little, loves little.” (7:47)
5. EFFECT: “And he said to her, ‘Your sins are forgiven.’ Then those who were at table with him began to say among themselves, ‘Who is this, who even forgives sins? And he said to the woman, ‘Your faith has saved you; go in peace.'” (7:48-50)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The more we express our sorrow for sin, and our love to Christ, the clearer evidence we have of the forgiveness of our sins. What a wonderful change does grace make upon a sinner’s heart and life, as well as upon his state before God, by the full remission of all his sins through faith in the Lord Jesus!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

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