Week #127; Wed, Jun 03: Mark 10:1–14:72

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Mark 10:1, I. Teaching About Divorce; II. Let the Children Come to Me; III. The Rich Young Man; IV. Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time; V. The Request of James and John; VI. Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus

I. KEY TEXT (Teaching About Divorce): “And he left there and went to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan, and crowds gathered to him again. And again, as was his custom, he taught them.” (10:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And Pharisees came up and in order to test him asked, ‘Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?’ He answered them, ‘What did Moses command you?’ They said, ‘Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce and to send her away.’ And Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.” (10:2-5)
1. FINDINGS: “But from the beginning of creation, ‘God made them male and female.’ Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.’ So they are no longer two but one flesh. That therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.'” (10:6-9)
2. CRITERIA: “And in the house the disciples asked him again about this matter. And he said to them, ‘Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her, and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.'” (10:11-12)
3. CONDITION: “Wherever Jesus was, the people flocked after him in crowds, and he taught them. Preaching was Christ’s constant practice. He here shows that the reason why Moses’ law allowed divorce, was such that they ought not to use the permission; it was only for the hardness of their hearts. God himself joined man and wife together; he has fitted them to be comforts and helps for each other. The bond which God has tied, is not to be lightly untied.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Let those who are for putting away their wives consider what would become of themselves, if God should deal with them in like manner.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “God made one man for one woman; therefore divorce is not permissible, unless the one act be committed which severs the nuptial tie. Then only is the bond broken by which husband and wife are one. There should be no compulsory celibacy. Some can live the single life; others cannot. Each must work out his own possibilities, and none may judge another.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Don’t test the teacher.

II. KEY TEXT (Let the Children Come to Me): “And they were bringing children to him that he might touch them, and the disciples rebuked them.” (10:13)
A. INFERENCE: “But when Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, ‘Let the children come to me; do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.” (10:14)
1. FINDINGS: “Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it.'” (10:15)
2. CRITERIA: “Some parents or nurses brought little children to Christ, that he should touch them, in token of his blessing them. It does not appear that they needed bodily cures, nor were they capable of being taught: but those who had the care of them believed that Christ’s blessing would do their souls good; therefore they brought them to him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And he took them in his arms and blessed them, laying his hands on them.” (10:16)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus ordered that they should be brought to him, and that nothing should be said or done to hinder it. Children should be directed to the Savior as soon as they are able to understand his words.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We must receive the kingdom of God as little children; we must stand affected to Christ and his grace, as little children to their parents, nurses, and teachers.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Lead little ones to Jesus.

III. KEY TEXT (The Rich Young Man): “And as he was setting out on his journey, a man ran up and knelt before him and asked him, ‘Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?'” (10:17)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone.'” (10:18)
1. FINDINGS: “You know the commandments: ‘Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.’ And he said to him, ‘Teacher, all these I have kept from my youth.’ And Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, ‘You lack one thing: go, sell all that you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” (10:19-21)
2. CRITERIA: “Disheartened by the saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions.” (10:22)
3. CONDITION: “And Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, ‘How difficult it will be for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God!’ And the disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus said to them again, ‘Children, how difficult it is to enter the kingdom of God! It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.’ And they were exceedingly astonished, and said to him, ‘Then who can be saved?’ Jesus looked at them and said, ‘With man it is impossible, but not with God. For all things are possible with God.’ Peter began to say to him, ‘See, we have left everything and followed you.’ Jesus said, ‘Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my sake and for the gospel, who will not receive a hundredfold now in this time, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions, and in the age to come eternal life. But many who are first will be last, and the last first.” (10:23-31)
4. CAUSE: “This young ruler showed great earnestness. He asked what he should do now, that he might be happy for ever. Most ask for good to be had in this world; any good, Psalms 4:6; he asks for good to be done in this world, in order to enjoy the greatest good in the other world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Here is a sorrowful parting between Jesus and this young man. He asks Christ what he shall do more than he has done, to obtain eternal life; and Christ puts it to him, whether he has indeed that firm belief of, and that high value for eternal life which he seems to have. Is he willing to bear a present cross, in expectation of future crown? The young man was sorry he could not be a follower of Christ upon easier terms; that he could not lay hold on eternal life, and keep hold of his worldly possessions too. He went away grieved.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “See Matthew 6:24, Ye cannot serve God and mammon.”

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time): “And they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them. And they were amazed, and those who followed were afraid.” (10:32)
A. INFERENCE: “And taking the twelve again, he began to tell them what was to happen to him, saying, ‘See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death and deliver him over to the Gentiles.” (10:32-33)
1. FINDINGS: “And they will mock him and spit on him, and flog him and kill him. And after three days he will rise.'” (10:34)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ’s going on with his undertaking for the salvation of mankind, was, is, and will be, the wonder of all his disciples. Worldly honor is a glittering thing, with which the eyes of Christ’s own disciples have many times been dazzled.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Our care must be, that we may have wisdom and grace to know how to suffer with him; and we may trust him to provide what the degrees of our glory shall be. Christ shows them that dominion was generally abused in the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Wealth brings many temptations. It is not said that rich men cannot get through the gate, but they will have to stoop very low and be stripped of the love of wealth, though not necessarily of wealth itself. In Christ’s kingdom to give all is to get all. The surrendered life needs no pity, for what it loses on the material side is more than compensated by its enormous spiritual gains, (10:30-31).” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We must know the fellowship of His sufferings, if we are to share His glory, 2Tim.2:11, etc.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “If you are not called to suffer with Him, then serve. Service like Christ’s will bring you near His throne, as will also a share in His suffering.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (The Request of James and John): “And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came up to him and said to him, ‘Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of you.’ And he said to them, ‘What do you want me to do for you?” (10:35-37)
A. INFERENCE: “And they said to him, ‘Grant us to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your glory.” (10:37)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized?'” (10:38-39)
2. CRITERIA: “And they said to him, ‘We are able.’ And Jesus said to them, ‘The cup that I drink you will drink, and with the baptism with which I am baptized, you will be baptized, but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.'” (10:39-40)
3. CONDITION: “And when the ten heard it, they began to be indignant at James and John. And Jesus called them to him and said to them, ‘You know that those who are considered rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. But it shall not be so among you. But whoever would be great among you must be your servant, and whoever would be first among you must be slave of all.” (10:41-44)
4. CAUSE: “For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (10:45)
5. EFFECT: “If Jesus would gratify all our desires, it would soon appear that we desire fame or authority, and are unwilling to taste of his cup, or to have his baptism; and should often be ruined by having our prayers answered.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “But he loves us, and will only give his people what is good for them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus): “And they came to Jericho. And as he was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside. And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” (10:46-47)
A. INFERENCE: “And many rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, ‘Son of David, have mercy on me!” (10:48)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus stopped and said, ‘Call him.’ And they called the blind man, saying to him, ‘Take heart. Get up; he is calling you.’ And throwing off his cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus. And Jesus said to him, ‘What do you want me to do for you? And the blind man said to him, Rabbi, let me recover my sight.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Go your way your faith has made you well.'” (10:49-52)
2. CRITERIA: “And immediately he recovered his sight and followed him on the way.” (10:52)
3. CONDITION: “Bartimaeus had heard of Jesus and his miracles, and learning that he was passing by, hoped to recover his eyesight. In coming to Christ for help and healing, we should look to him as the promised Messiah. The gracious calls Christ gives us to come to him, encourage our hope, that if we come to him we shall have what we come for. Those who would come to Jesus, must cast away the garment of their own sufficiency, must free themselves from every weight, and the sin that, like long garments, most easily besets them, Hebrews 12:1.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
4. CAUSE: “He begged that his eyes might be opened. It is very desirable to be able to earn our bread; and where God has given men limbs and senses, it is a shame, by foolishness and slothfulness, to make themselves, in effect, blind and lame. His eyes were opened.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
5. EFFECT: “Thy faith has made thee whole: faith in Christ as the Son of David, and in his pity and power; not thy repeated words, but thy faith; Christ setting thy faith to work.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let sinners be exhorted to imitate blind Bartimaeus. Where the gospel is preached, or the written words of truth circulated, Jesus is passing by, and this is the opportunity. It is not enough to come to Christ for spiritual healing, but, when we are healed, we must continue to follow him; that we may honor him, and receive instruction from him. Those who have spiritual eyesight, see that beauty in Christ which will draw them to run after him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)

Mark 11:1, I. The Triumphal Entry; II. Jesus Curses the Fig Tree; III. Jesus Cleanses the Temple; IV. The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree; V. Authority of Jesus Challenged

I. KEY TEXT: (The Triumphal Entry): “Now when they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples and said to them, ‘Go into the village in front of you, and immediately as you enter it you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Untie it and bring it. If anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord has need of it and will send it back here immediately.'” (11:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “And they went away and found a colt tied at a door outside in the street, and they untied it. And some of those standing there said to them, ‘What are you doing, untying the colt?’ And they told them what Jesus had said, and they let them go. And they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks on it, and he sat on it.” (11:4-7)
1. FINDINGS: “And many spread their cloaks on the road, and others spread leafy branches that they had cut from the fields. And those who went before and those who followed were shouting, ‘Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the highest!” (11:8-10)
2. CRITERIA: “And he entered Jerusalem and went into the temple. And when he had looked around at everything, as it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.” (11:11)
3. CONDITION: “Christ’s coming into Jerusalem thus remarkably, shows that he was not afraid of the power and malice of his enemies. This would encourage his disciples who were full of fear. Also, that he was not disquieted at the thoughts of his approaching sufferings. But all marked his humiliation; and these matters teach us not to mind high things, but to condescend to those of low estate.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Let him have our best affection; he is a blessed Savior, and brings blessings to us, and blessed be He that sent him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Praises be to our God, who is in the highest heavens, over all, God blessed for ever.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. (Ps. 24:7)” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Curses the Fig Tree): “On the following day, when they came from Bethany, he was hungry. And seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to see if he could find anything on it.” (11:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.” (11:13)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said to it, ‘May no one ever eat fruit from you again.'” (11:14)
2. CRITERIA: “And his disciples heard it.” (11:14)
3. CONDITION: “Christ looked to find some fruit, for the time of gathering figs, though it was near, was not yet come; but he found none. He made this fig-tree an example, not to the trees, but to the men of that generation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It was a figure of the doom upon the Jewish church, to which he came seeking fruit, but found none.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ passed against this tree, and took notice of it. Woes from Christ’s mouth are to be observed and kept in mind, as well as blessings.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Let us hear what the Spirit says . . .

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Cleanses the Temple): “And they came to Jerusalem. And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold and those who bought in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money-changers and the seats of those who sold pigeons. And he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the temple.” (11:15-16)
A. INFERENCE: “And he was teaching them and saying to them, ‘Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’?” (11:17)
1. FINDINGS: “But you have made it a den of robbers.” (11:17)
2. CRITERIA: “With irresistible might the Lord drove forth the buyers and sellers from the Temple. According to the ancient prediction, He sat as a refiner and purifier of silver, to purify the sons of Levi. And whenever He enters the heart, He performs a similar work. He drives out bestial forms of sin, and mere traffic, so that the whole nature-spirit, soul, and body-may be surrendered to God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And the chief priests and the scribes heard it and were seeking a way to destroy him, for they feared him, because all the crowd was astonished at his teaching. And when evening came they went out of the city.” (11:18)
4. CAUSE: “What our Lord said of the Temple should be true of each church of the living God. It should be His residence, where men of all nationalities should come to a unity, as they worship, confess sin, and intercede. Certainly God’s house must not be a place of merchandise and traffic.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The scribes and the chief priests sought, not how they might make their peace with him, but how they might destroy him. A desperate attempt, which they could not but fear was fighting against God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Clean out the temple.

IV. KEY TEXT (The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree): “As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away to its roots. And Peter remembered and said to him, ‘Rabbi, look! The fig tree that you cursed has withered.'” (11:20-22)
A. INFERENCE: “The disciples could not think why that fig-tree should so soon wither away; but all wither who reject Christ; it represented the state of the Jewish church. We should rest in no religion that does not make us fruitful in good works.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answered them, ‘Have faith in God. Truly, I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and thrown into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says will come to pass, it will be done for him. Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask in prayer, ‘believe that you have received it, and it will be yours. And when ever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone, so that your Father also who is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.'” (11:23-26)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ taught them from hence to pray in faith. It may be applied to that mighty faith with which all true Christians are endued, and which does wonders in spiritual things.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It justifies us, and so removes mountains of guilt, never to rise up in judgment against us. It purifies the heart, and so removes mountains of corruption, and makes them plain before the grace of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “One great errand to the throne of grace is to pray for the pardon of our sins; and care about this ought to be our daily concern.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Forgiveness and love are the conditions of all successful prayers.” (11:24-26)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Pray for pardon of sins.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Authority of Jesus Challenged): “And they came again to Jerusalem. And as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the scribes and the elders came to him, and said, ‘By what authority are you doing these things, or who gave you this authority to do them?'” (11:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “Jesus said to them, ‘I will ask you one question; answer me, and I will tell you my what authority I do these things.” (11:29)
1. FINDINGS: “Was the baptism of John from heaven or from man? Answer me.'” (11:30)
2. CRITERIA: “And they discussed it with one another, saying, ‘If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ But shall we say, ‘From man’ they were afraid of the people?” (11:31-32)
3. CONDITION: “We do not show sufficient appreciation for our Lord’s marvelous intellectual power. He was more than equal to these clever intellects trained to argument. They were beaten at their own game.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “These elders did not deserve to be taught; for it was plain that they contended not for truth, but victory: nor did he need to tell them; for the works he did, told them plainly he had authority from God; since no man could do the miracles which he did, unless God were with him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Our Savior intimates how near akin his doctrine and baptism were to John’s; they had the same purpose and tendency–to introduce the gospel kingdom.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “What Christ did by his wisdom we must labour to do by our well doing–put to silence the ignorant talk of foolish men.” (1 Peter 2:15)

Mark 12:1, I. The Parable of the Tenants; II. Paying Taxes to Caesar; III. The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection; IV. The Great Commandment; V. Whose Son Is the Christ?; VI. Beware of the Scribes; VII. The Widow’s Offering

I. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Tenants): “And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard and put a fence around it and dug a pit for the winepress and built a tower, and leased it to tenants and went into another country. When the season came, he sent a servant to the tenants to get from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. Again he sent to them another servant, and they struck him on the head and treated him shamefully. And he sent another, and him they killed. And so with many others: some they beat, and some they killed. He had still one other, a beloved son. Finally he sent him to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But those tenants said to one another, This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ And they took him and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants and give the vineyard to others. Have you not read this Scripture: “‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?” (12:1-11)
A. INFERENCE: “And they were seeking to arrest him but feared the people, for they perceived that he had told the parable against them. So they left him and went away.” (12:12)
1. FINDINGS: “‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?” (12:10-11)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ showed in parables, that he would lay aside the Jewish church. It is sad to think what base usage God’s faithful ministers have met with in all ages, from those who have enjoyed the privileges of the church, but have not brought forth fruit answerable. God at length sent his Son, his Well-beloved; and it might be expected that he whom their Master loved, they also should respect and love; but instead of honoring him because he was the Son and Heir, they therefore hated him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But the exaltation of Christ was the Lord’s doing; and it is his doing to exalt him in our hearts, and to set up his throne there; and if this be done, it cannot but be marvelous in our eyes.”(Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Scriptures, and faithful preachers, and the coming of Christ in the flesh, call on us to render due praise to God in our lives.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Let sinners beware of a proud, carnal spirit; if they revile or despise the preachers of Christ, they would have done so their Master, had they lived when he was upon earth.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Humility, obey, and serve; hold fast to the Cornerstone.

II. KEY TEXT (Paying Taxes to Caesar): “And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and some of the Herodians, to trap him in his talk. And they came and said to him, ‘Teacher, we know that you are true and do not care about anyone’s opinion. For you are not swayed by appearances, but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? Should we pay them, or should we not?'” (12:13-14)
A. INFERENCE: “But, knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, ‘Why put me to the test? Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.’ And they brought one. And he said to them, ‘Whose likeness and inscription is this?’ They said to him, ‘Caesar’s.'” (13:15-16)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.’ And they marveled at him.” (13:17)
2. CRITERIA: “The enemies of Christ would be thought desirous to know their duty, when really they hoped that which soever side he took of the question, they might find occasion to accuse him. Nothing is more likely to ensnare the followers of Christ, than bringing them to meddle with disputes about worldly politics.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Jesus avoided the snare, by referring to the submission they had already made as a nation; and all that heard him, marveled at the great wisdom of his answer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Many will praise the words of a sermon, who will not be commanded by the doctrines of it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “How admirably our Lord defined the relations of His Kingdom to the civil power! If we accept Caesar’s protection and ordered government we are bound to maintain it by money payment and such other service as conscience permits.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “This indeed is part of our duty to God; and with equal care we must give Him the dues of the spiritual world.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection): “And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, ‘Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, the man must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. There were seven brothers; the first took a wife, and when he died left no offspring. And the second took her, and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise. And the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died. In the resurrection, when they rise again, whose wife will she be? For the seven had her as wife.'” (12:18-28)
A. INFERENCE: “A right knowledge of the Scripture, as the fountain whence all revealed religion now flows, and the foundation on which it is built, is the best preservative against error. Christ put aside the objection of the Sadducees, who were the scoffing infidels of that day, by setting the doctrine of the future state in a true light. The relation between husband and wife, though appointed in the earthly paradise, will not be known in the heavenly one.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘Is this not the reason you are wrong, because you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God? For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. And as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not God of the dead, but of the living. You are quite wrong.'” (12:24-27)
2. CRITERIA: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are of the living then and today as well.
3. CONDITION: “It is no wonder if we confuse ourselves with foolish errors, when we form our ideas of the world of spirits by the affairs of this world of sense. It is absurd to think that the living God should be the portion and happiness of a man if he is for ever dead; and therefore it is certain that Abraham’s soul exists and acts, though now for a time separate from the body.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Those that deny the resurrection greatly err, and ought to be told so. Let us seek to pass through this dying world, with a joyful hope of eternal happiness, and of a glorious resurrection.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Jesus silenced the Sadducees by a quotation from the Pentateuch, whose authority they admitted. God could not be the God of persons not in existence. Therefore since He used the present tense of His relationship with the patriarchs in speaking to Moses three hundred years after their death, they must have been still in existence.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe in the resurrection.

IV. KEY TEXT (The Great Commandment): “And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well asked him, ‘Which commandment is the most important of all?’ Jesus answered, ‘The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.’ And the scribe said to him, ‘You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that he is one, and there is no other besides him. And to love him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself, is much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.'” (12:28-33)
A. INFERENCE: “Those who sincerely desire to be taught their duty, Christ will guide in judgment, and teach his way. He tells the scribe that the great commandment, which indeed includes all, is, that of loving God with all our hearts. Wherever this is the ruling principle in the soul, there is a disposition to every other duty.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, ‘You are not far from the kingdom of God.’ And after that no one dared to ask him any more questions.” (12:34)
2. CRITERIA: “Loving God with all our heart, will engage us to every thing by which he will be pleased. The sacrifices only represented the atonements for men’s transgressions of the moral law; they were of no power except as they expressed repentance and faith in the promised Savior, and as they led to moral obedience.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And because we have not thus loved God and man, but the very reverse, therefore we are condemned sinners; we need repentance, and we need mercy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ approved what the scribe said, and encouraged him. He stood fair for further advance; for this knowledge of the law leads to conviction of sin, to repentance, to discovery of our need of mercy, and understanding the way of justification by Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Now, in answer to this scribe, he turned with unerring choice, first to Deu. 6:4-5, and then to Lev. 19:18, for the two pillars on which the collective and individual life of man must rest. The reverent answer of the scribe proves that he was no ordinary questioner; and our Lord acknowledged this when He told him that a few steps more would bring him into the kingdom of God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Matthew 22:37-40 pertains.

V. KEY TEXT (Whose Son Is the Christ?): “And as Jesus taught in the temple, he said, ‘How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David?” David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son? (12:35)
A. INFERENCE: “When we attend to what the Scriptures declare, as to the person and offices of Christ, we shall be led to confess him as our Lord and God; to obey him as our exalted Redeemer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.'” (12:36)
2. CRITERIA: “If the common people hear these things gladly, while the learned and distinguished oppose, the former are happy, and the latter to be pitied. And as sin, disguised with a show of piety, is double iniquity, so its doom will be doubly heavy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son?” (12:37)
4. CAUSE: “Our Lord was David’s son by human descent, but as Son of God, proceeding from the Father, He is exalted far above David and all mankind.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “And the great throng heard him gladly.” (12:37)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe in His omnipotence, omnipresence, omniscience, omni-direction, and omni-righteousness.

VI. KEY TEXT (Beware of the Scribes): “And in his teaching he said ‘Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes and like greetings in the marketplaces and have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts, who devour widows’ houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.'” (12:38-40)
A. INFERENCE: “When we attend to what the Scriptures declare, as to the person and offices of Christ, we shall be led to confess him as our Lord and God; to obey him as our exalted Redeemer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “If the common people hear these things gladly, while the learned and distinguished oppose, the former are happy, and the latter to be pitied.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “And as sin, disguised with a show of piety, is double iniquity, so its doom will be doubly heavy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ denounced the moral and religious leaders of the time. They made a pretense and a gain of their religion.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How great the contrast between them and this poor widow, who cast into God’s treasury all that she had to provide for her day’s living! Our Lord is quick to notice acts like these, which give evidence of the true heart.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: Moral and religious leaders of the time beware.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Assume a posture of humility.

VII. KEY TEXT (The Widow’s Offering): “And he sat down opposite the treasury and watched the people putting money into the offering box.” (12:41)
A. INFERENCE: “Many rich people put in large sums. And a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which make a penny.” (12:42)
1. FINDINGS: “And he called his disciples to him and said to them, ‘Truly, I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the offering box. For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had to live on.” (12:43-44)
2. CRITERIA: “Let us not forget that Jesus still sees the treasury. He knows how much, and from what motives, men give to his cause. He looks at the heart, and what our views are, in giving alms; and whether we do it as unto the Lord, or only to be seen of men.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It is so rare to find any who would not blame this widow, that we cannot expect to find many who will do like to her; and yet our Savior commends her, therefore we are sure that she did well and wisely.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ denounced the moral and religious leaders of the time. They made a pretense and a gain of their religion. How great the contrast between them and this poor widow, who cast into God’s treasury all that she had to provide for her day’s living! Our Lord is quick to notice acts like these, which give evidence of the true heart.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The feeble efforts of the poor to honor their Savior, will be commended in that day, when the splendid actions of unbelievers will be exposed to contempt.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Give from the heart.

Mark 13:1, I. Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple; II. Signs of the Close of the Age; III. The Abomination of Desolation; IV. The Coming of the Son of Man; V. The Lesson of the Fig Tree; VI. No One Knows That Day or Hour

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple): “And as he came out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, ‘Look, Teacher, what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!” (13:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Do you see these great buildings? There will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” (13:2)
1. FINDINGS: “See how little Christ values outward pomp, where there is not real purity of heart.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord departed from the Temple, never again to enter its sacred precincts or to open His mouth in public teaching. When He withdrew, the whole system of Judaism was given over to desolation, and the predictions spoken at this time were minutely fulfilled in the fall of Jerusalem under Titus.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He looks with pity upon the ruin of precious souls, and weeps over them, but we do not find him look with pity upon the ruin of a fine house.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Temple was blotted out-indeed, a ploughshare passed over its site; the people were sold into slavery or butchered in the gladiatorial shows; their nationality was obliterated; and their land given to strangers. For more than eighteen centuries the holy places have been defiled.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Let us then be reminded how needful it is for us to have a more lasting abode in heaven, and to be prepared for it by the influences of the Holy Spirit, sought in the earnest use of all the means of grace.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Temporal values matter not. (2 Peter 3)

II. KEY TEXT (Signs of the Close of the Age): “And as he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, ‘Tell us, when will these thing be, and what will be the sign when all these things are about to be accomplished?'” (13:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus began to say to them, ‘See that no one leads you astray. Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he!’ and they will lead many astray. And when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. This must take place, but the end is not yet. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places; there will be famines. These are but the beginning of the birth pains.” (13:5-8)
1. FINDINGS: “But be on your guard. For they will deliver you over to councils, and you will be beaten in synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to bear witness before them. And the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations. And when they bring you to trial and deliver you over, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. And brother will deliver brother over to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death. And you will be hated by all for my name’s sake. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.” (13:9-13)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord Jesus, in reply to the disciples’ question, does not so much satisfy their curiosity as direct their consciences.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Temple was blotted out-indeed, a ploughshare passed over its site; the people were sold into slavery or butchered in the gladiatorial shows; their nationality was obliterated; and their land given to strangers. For more than eighteen centuries the holy places have been defiled.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “They shall be hated of all men: trouble enough! Yet the work they were called to should be carried on and prosper.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But they must take heed that they are not drawn away from Christ and their duty to him, by the sufferings they will meet with for his sake.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The salvation promised is more than deliverance from evil, it is everlasting blessedness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Abomination of Desolation: “But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where he ought not to be (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let the one who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter his house, to take anything out, and let the one who is in the field not turn back to take his cloak. And alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! Pray that it may not happen in winter. For in those days there will be such tribulation as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, and never will be. And if the Lord had not cut short the days, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect, whom he chose, he shortened the days. And then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘Look, there he is!’ do not believe it. For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform signs and wonders, to lead astray, if possible, the elect. But be on guard; I have told you all things beforehand.” (13:14-23)
A. INFERENCE: “The Jews in rebelling against the Romans, and in persecuting the Christians, hastened their own ruin apace. Here we have a prediction of that ruin which came upon them within less than forty years after this. Such destruction and desolation, that the like cannot be found in any history.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The fall of Jerusalem.” (13:14-23) “This abomination had been predicted by Daniel, Dan. 9:27, Josephus says that the Romans brought their standards into the Temple, and offered sacrifices to them, and proclaimed Titus emperor. Probably there is to be a yet further fulfillment of these significant words.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The ungodly owe more than they realize to the elect who dwell among them, (13:20). Let us not be deceived by the appearance of false doctrines or teachers; there are also false Christs.” (13:22). (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Promises of power to persevere, and cautions against falling away, well agree with each other. But the more we consider these things, the more we shall see abundant cause to flee without delay for refuge to Christ, and to renounce every earthly object, for the salvation of our souls.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “These signs may refer to the disorganization of political rule, or to literal convulsions of the elements. The ministry of angels was very real to Jesus, and their function in the future ages is clearly defined.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Jews, in rebelling against the Romans, and persecuting the Christians, were setting both God and man against them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us watch.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Coming of the Son of Man): “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. And then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. And then he will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of Heaven.” (13:24-27)
A. INFERENCE: “The disciples had confounded the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world. This mistake Christ set right, and showed that the day of Christ’s coming, and the day of judgment, shall be after that tribulation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Here he foretells the final dissolution of the present frame and fabric of the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Hear of the visible appearance of the Lord Jesus coming in the clouds, and the gathering together of all the elect to him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “This generation may refer to the fact that the Jewish people would remain as a distinct people.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “These verses seem to point at Christ’s second coming, to judge the world; the disciples, in their question, had confounded the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the age (Matt. 2:3) which was built on a mistake, as if the temple must stand as long as the world stands; this mistake Christ rectifies.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “a. The final dissolution of the present frame and fabric of the world; b. The visible appearance of the Lord Jesus, to whom the judgment of that day shall be entrusted; and c. The gathering together of all the elect to him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Keep Henry on the side of postmillennialism and Meyer on the side of premillennialism. I lean toward premillennialism. Be sure to know the difference so you can tell when you see it. Look for the “Bema Seat” of Christ, crowns, and white robes.

V. KEY TEXT: (The Lesson of the Fig Tree): “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.” (13:28-31)
A. INFERENCE: “We have the application of this prophetic sermon. As to the destruction of Jerusalem, expect it to come very shortly. As to the end of the world, do not inquire when it will come, for of that day and that hour knoweth no man.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ, as God, could not be ignorant of anything; but the Divine wisdom which dwelt in our Savior, communicated itself to his human soul according to the Divine pleasure.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “As to both, our duty is to watch and pray. Our Lord Jesus, when he ascended on high, left something for all his servants to do. We ought to be always upon our watch, in expectation of his return. This applies to Christ’s coming to us at our death, as well as to the general judgment.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He has now resumed the glory of the knowledge which He had before all worlds. Have we each one found our work? Let us watch!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: Destruction is shortly, at the end of the world, or both. The parable of the fig tree demonstrates the signs and how it will come.
5. EFFECT: Destruction will come.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Watch for it; preach it.

VI. KEY TEXT: (No One Knows That Day or Hour): “But concerning that day or that hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. Be on guard, keep awake. For you do not know when the time will come. It is like a man going on a journey, when he leaves home and puts his servants in charge, each with his work, and commands the doorkeeper to stay awake. Therefore stay awake–for you do not know when the master of the house will come, in the evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or in the morning–lest he come suddenly and find you asleep. And what I say to you I say to all: ‘Stay awake.'” (13:32-37)
A. INFERENCE: “We ought to be always watching, in expectation of his return.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “The Master has gone away.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “We know not whether our Master will come in the days of youth, or middle age, or old age; but, as soon as we are born, we begin to die, and therefore we must expect death. Our great care must be, that, whenever our Lord comes, he may not find us secure, indulging in ease and sloth, mindless of our work and duty. He says to all, Watch, that you may be found in peace, without spot, and blameless.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Thus our Lord Jesus, when he ascended on high, left something for all his servants to do. All are appointed to work, and some authorized to rule.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The servants will have to give account of themselves.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The Master will be back.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Stay awake.” (13:37)

Mark 14:1, I. The Plot to Kill Jesus; II. Jesus Anointed at Bethany; III. Judas to Betray Jesus; IV. The Passover with the Disciples; V. Institution of the Lord’s Supper; VI. Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial; VII. Jesus Prays in Gethsemane; VIII. Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus; IX. A Young Man Flees; X. Jesus Before the Council; XI. Peter Denies Jesus

I. KEY TEXT: (The Plot to Kill Jesus): “It was now two days before the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to arrest him by stealth and kill him, for they said, ‘Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar from the people.” (14:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Those who honor Christ he will honor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Covetousness was Judas’ master lust, and that betrayed him to the sin of betraying his Master; the devil suited his temptation to that, and so conquered him. And see what wicked contrivances many have in their sinful pursuits; but what appears to forward their plans, will prove curses in the end.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The feast of the Passover was now at hand, and at that feast he must be crucified: a. That his death and sufferings might be the more public.; b. That the symbol and the reality might be seen together. Christ our Passover, was sacrificed for us,, at the same time that the paschal lamb was sacrificed, and Israel’s deliverance out of Egypt was commemorated. ” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Now see, How spiteful Christ’s enemies were, for they aimed not only to silence him, but to have vengeance against him for all the good he had done.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: See paragraph 5.III in home page for a strategic overview of God’s eternal plan.
5. EFFECT: See paragraph 5.III in home page for a sample of our preferred response.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn or burn.” (Sermon by Spurgeon)

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Anointed at Bethany): “And while he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he was reclining at table, a woman came with an alabaster flask of ointment of pure nard, very costly, and she broke the flask and poured it over his head.” (14:3)
A. INFERENCE: “There were some who said to themselves indignantly, ‘Why was the ointment wasted like that? For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii and given to the poor.’ And they scolded her.” (14:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus said, ‘Leave her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a beautiful thing to me. For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you want, you can do good for them. But you will not always have me. She has done what she could; she has anointed my body beforehand for burial. And truly, I say to you, whenever this gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will be told in memory of her.” (14:6-9)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord’s words about invitations to our houses strike at the root of much of the so-called hospitality of modern society. Did not our Lord intend His words to be interpreted literally? They are imperative in their tone. He probably meant what He said. Some of us get so much thanks down here that there will be very little left to come to us at the resurrection of the just, when we shall stand before the judgment seat of Christ to receive our rewards.” (2Cor5:10) (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “This was an extraordinary act of respect paid him by a good woman who thought nothing too good to bestow on Christ; she took care to pour it all out on Christ’s head.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Christ must be honored with all we have.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Do we give him the perfume of our best affections?” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let him have them all; love him with all the heart.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT: (Judas to Betray Jesus): “Then Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went to the chief priests in order to betray him to them. And when they heard it, they were glad and promised to give him money. And he sought an opportunity to betray him.” (14:10-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Covetousness was Judas’ master lust, and that betrayed him to the sin of betraying his Master; the devil suited his temptation to that, and so conquered him. And see what wicked contrivances many have in their sinful pursuits; but what appears to forward their plans, will prove curses in the end.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Judas betrayed Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Money.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Betray Christ without a riot.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Follow the money.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Betrayed with a kiss.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Repent from lust.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT: (The Passover with the Disciples): “And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, ‘Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?'” (14:12)
A. INFERENCE: “And he sent two of his disciples and said to them, ‘Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him, and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, Where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples? And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; there prepare for us.’ And the disciples set out and went to the city and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.” (14:13-16)
1. FINDINGS: “And when it was evening, he came with the twelve. And as they were reclining at table and eating, Jesus said, ‘Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me.’ They began to be sorrowful and to say to him one after another, ‘Is it I?’ He said to them, ‘It is one of the twelve, one who is dipping bread into the dish with me. For the Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.'” (14:17-21)
2. CRITERIA: “Judas contrived to betray his master even while he was eating with him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ and the twelve were eating the Passover.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The Son of Man will be betrayed, crucified, and slain just as was written about him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Judas was least concerned at Jesus’ comments.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Trust his words.

V. KEY TEXT: (Institution of the Lord’s Supper): “And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, ‘Take; this is my body.’ And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it.” (14:22-23)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said to them, ‘This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it in the kingdom of God.” (14:24-25)
1. FINDINGS: “The Lord’s supper is food for the soul, therefore a very little of that which is for the body, as much as will serve for a sign, is enough. It was instituted by the example and the practice of our Master, to remain in force till his second coming.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “It was instituted with blessing and giving of thanks, to be a memorial of Christ’s death. Frequent mention is made of his precious blood, as the price of our redemption. How comfortable is this to poor repenting sinners, that the blood of Christ is shed for many! If for many, why not for me? It was a sign of the conveyance of the benefits purchased for us by his death.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Apply the doctrine of Christ crucified to yourselves; let it be meat and drink to your souls, strengthening and refreshing your spiritual life. It was to be an earnest and foretaste of the happiness of heaven, and thereby to put us out of taste for the pleasures and delights of sense.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Every one that has tasted spiritual delights, straightway desires eternal ones. Though the great Shepherd passed through his sufferings without one false step, yet his followers often have been scattered by the small measure of sufferings allotted to them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “How very apt we are to think well of ourselves, and to trust our own hearts! It was ill done of Peter thus to answer his Master, and not with fear and trembling.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Lord, give me grace to keep me from denying thee.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial): “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. And Jesus said to them, ‘You will all fall away, for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’ But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.”” (14:26-28)
A. INFERENCE: “Peter said to him, ‘Even though they all fall away, I will not.'” (14:29)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Truly, I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.’ But he said emphatically, ‘If I must die with you, I will not deny you.” And they all said the same.” (14:30-31)
2. CRITERIA: “Though the great Shepherd passed through his sufferings without one false step, yet his followers often have been scattered by the small measure of sufferings allotted to them. How very apt we are to think well of ourselves, and to trust our own hearts!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Our love must be greater than the ties of family affection, (14:26); must be greater than our love for our own way, which must be nailed to the Cross, (14:27); must be greater than our love of possessions and property, (14:33). Christ has done more than any other teacher to cement the relationships of human love, but He always asks that they should be subordinated to the claims of God. Oh, for the love that Paul had! (Php. 3:8).” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Peter supposes himself to be able to receive the shock of a temptation, and bear up against it, all alone; to stand, though nobody stood by him. It is bred in the bone with us, to think well of ourselves, and trust our own hearts.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ tells him that he will do worse than any of them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Take heed lest he (we) fall.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VII. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Prays in Gethsemane): “And they went to a place called Gethsemane. And he said to his disciples, ‘Sit here while I pray.’ And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be greatly distressed and troubled. And he said to them, ‘My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and watch. And going a little farther, he fell on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. And he said, ‘Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.'” (14:32-36)
A. INFERENCE: “And he came and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, ‘Simon, are you asleep? Could you not watch one hour? Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.’ And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words. And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they did not know what to answer him. And he came the third time and said to them, ‘Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough; the hour has come.” (14:37-41)
1. FINDINGS: “The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.” (14:41-42)
2. CRITERIA: “What heavy clogs these bodies of ours are to our souls! But when we see trouble at the door, we should get ready for it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Alas, even believers often look at the Redeemer’s sufferings in a drowsy manner, and instead of being ready to die with Christ, they are not even prepared to watch with him one hour.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ takes them to stand by, and see what a struggle he had, to convince them that they did not know what they said. ” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “It is fit that they who are most confident should be first, tested, that they may be made aware of their folly and weakness.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Enough! Feel his rebuke.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VIII. KEY TEXT: (Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus): “And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.” (14:43)
A. INFERENCE: “Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, ‘The one I will kiss is the man. Seize him and lead him away under guard.’ And when he came, he went up to him at once and said, ‘Rabbi!’ And he kissed him. But one of those who stood by drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear. And Jesus said to them, ‘Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me.'” (14:44-49)
1. FINDINGS: “‘But let the Scriptures be fulfilled.'” (14:49)
2. CRITERIA: “And they all left him and fled.” (14:50)
3. CONDITION: “He reconciled himself to all this injurious, ignominious treatment, by referring himself to the Old Testament predictions of the Messiah.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “I am badly treated, but I must submit, for the Scriptures must be fulfilled.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “See here what respect Christ had for Scriptures; he would bear anything rather than that the least jot or tittle of the word of God should fall to the ground” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “See what use we are to make of the Old Testament; we must search for Christ, the true treasure hid in that field.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IX. KEY TEXT: (A Young Man Flees): “And a young man followed him, with nothing but a linen cloth about his body. And they seized him, but he left the linen cloth and ran away naked.” (14:51-52)
A. INFERENCE: “There is no hold on those who are led by curiosity only, and not by faith and conscience, to follow Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “The youth may have been from the neighborhood and came to see the commotion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “None noted.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Being lightly dressed, the youth may have fled back to his bed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Response to noise in the neighborhood? Or, a follower?” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “None noted.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “None.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

X. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Before the Council): “And they led Jesus to the high priest. And all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came together. And Peter had followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. And he was sitting with the guards and warming himself at the fire. Now the chief priests and the whole Council were seeking testimony against Jesus to put him to death, but they found none. For many bore false witness against him, but their testimony did not agree. And some stood up and bore false witness against him, saying, ‘We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands. Yet even about this their testimony did not agree.” (14:53-59)
A. INFERENCE: “And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, ‘Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?’ But he remained silent and made no answer. Again the high priest asked him, ‘Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?'” (14:60-61)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said, ‘I am, and you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.” (14:62)
2. CRITERIA: “Great diligence was used to procure false witnesses against Jesus, yet their testimony was not equal to the charge of a capital crime, by the utmost stretch of their law. He was asked, Art thou the Son of the Blessed? that is, the Son of God. For the proof of his being the Son of God, he refers to his second coming. In these outrages we have proofs of man’s enmity to God, and of God’s free and unspeakable love to man.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And the high priest tore his garments and said, ‘What further witnesses do we need? You have heard his blasphemy. What is your decision? And they all condemned him as deserving death. And some began to spit on him and to cover his face and to strike him, saying to him, ‘Prophesy!’ And the guards received him with blows.” (14:63-65)
4. CAUSE: “He was charged to be his own accuser.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “He links the issue irrevocably with his second coming. The high priest convicted him of blasphemy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Know this condition was driven by Scripture.

XI. KEY TEXT: (Peter Denies Jesus): “And as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant girls of the high priest came, and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and said, ‘You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus.’ But he denied it, saying, ‘I neither know nor understand what you mean.’ And he went out into the gateway and the rooster crowed. And the servant girl saw him and began again to say to the bystanders, ‘This man is one of them.’ But again he denied it. And after a little while the bystanders again said to Peter, ‘Certainly you are one of them for your are a Galilean.’ But he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear. ‘I do not know this man of whom you speak.’ And immediately the rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered how Jesus had said to him, ‘Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.’ And he broke down and wept.” (14:66-72)
A. INFERENCE: “Those who think it dangerous to be in company with Christ’s disciples, because thence they may be drawn in to suffer for him, will find it much more dangerous to be in company with his enemies, because there they may be drawn in to sin against him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The sin was very great; he denied Christ before men, at a time when he ought to have confessed and acknowledged him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “The cock crowed twice.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Peter wept.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Denial of Christ,” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Peter remembered.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Receive grace and evangelize.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

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