Week #127; Wed, Jun 03: Mark 10-14

Week #127; Wed, Jun 03: Mark 10:1–14:72

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Mark 10:1, I. Teaching About Divorce; II. Let the Children Come to Me; III. The Rich Young Man; IV. Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time; V. The Request of James and John; VI. Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus

I. KEY TEXT (Teaching About Divorce): “And he left there and went to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan, and crowds gathered to him again. And again, as was his custom, he taught them.” (10:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And Pharisees came up and in order to test him asked, ‘Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?’ He answered them, ‘What did Moses command you?’ They said, ‘Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce and to send her away.’ And Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.” (10:2-5)
1. FINDINGS: “But from the beginning of creation, ‘God made them male and female.’ Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.’ So they are no longer two but one flesh. That therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.'” (10:6-9)
2. CRITERIA: “And in the house the disciples asked him again about this matter. And he said to them, ‘Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her, and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.'” (10:11-12)
3. CONDITION: “Wherever Jesus was, the people flocked after him in crowds, and he taught them. Preaching was Christ’s constant practice. He here shows that the reason why Moses’ law allowed divorce, was such that they ought not to use the permission; it was only for the hardness of their hearts. God himself joined man and wife together; he has fitted them to be comforts and helps for each other. The bond which God has tied, is not to be lightly untied.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Let those who are for putting away their wives consider what would become of themselves, if God should deal with them in like manner.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “God made one man for one woman; therefore divorce is not permissible, unless the one act be committed which severs the nuptial tie. Then only is the bond broken by which husband and wife are one. There should be no compulsory celibacy. Some can live the single life; others cannot. Each must work out his own possibilities, and none may judge another.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Don’t test the teacher.

II. KEY TEXT (Let the Children Come to Me): “And they were bringing children to him that he might touch them, and the disciples rebuked them.” (10:13)
A. INFERENCE: “But when Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, ‘Let the children come to me; do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.” (10:14)
1. FINDINGS: “Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it.'” (10:15)
2. CRITERIA: “Some parents or nurses brought little children to Christ, that he should touch them, in token of his blessing them. It does not appear that they needed bodily cures, nor were they capable of being taught: but those who had the care of them believed that Christ’s blessing would do their souls good; therefore they brought them to him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And he took them in his arms and blessed them, laying his hands on them.” (10:16)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus ordered that they should be brought to him, and that nothing should be said or done to hinder it. Children should be directed to the Savior as soon as they are able to understand his words.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We must receive the kingdom of God as little children; we must stand affected to Christ and his grace, as little children to their parents, nurses, and teachers.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Lead little ones to Jesus.

III. KEY TEXT (The Rich Young Man): “And as he was setting out on his journey, a man ran up and knelt before him and asked him, ‘Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?'” (10:17)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone.'” (10:18)
1. FINDINGS: “You know the commandments: ‘Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.’ And he said to him, ‘Teacher, all these I have kept from my youth.’ And Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, ‘You lack one thing: go, sell all that you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” (10:19-21)
2. CRITERIA: “Disheartened by the saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions.” (10:22)
3. CONDITION: “And Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, ‘How difficult it will be for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God!’ And the disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus said to them again, ‘Children, how difficult it is to enter the kingdom of God! It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.’ And they were exceedingly astonished, and said to him, ‘Then who can be saved?’ Jesus looked at them and said, ‘With man it is impossible, but not with God. For all things are possible with God.’ Peter began to say to him, ‘See, we have left everything and followed you.’ Jesus said, ‘Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my sake and for the gospel, who will not receive a hundredfold now in this time, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions, and in the age to come eternal life. But many who are first will be last, and the last first.” (10:23-31)
4. CAUSE: “This young ruler showed great earnestness. He asked what he should do now, that he might be happy for ever. Most ask for good to be had in this world; any good, Psalms 4:6; he asks for good to be done in this world, in order to enjoy the greatest good in the other world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Here is a sorrowful parting between Jesus and this young man. He asks Christ what he shall do more than he has done, to obtain eternal life; and Christ puts it to him, whether he has indeed that firm belief of, and that high value for eternal life which he seems to have. Is he willing to bear a present cross, in expectation of future crown? The young man was sorry he could not be a follower of Christ upon easier terms; that he could not lay hold on eternal life, and keep hold of his worldly possessions too. He went away grieved.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “See Matthew 6:24, Ye cannot serve God and mammon.”

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time): “And they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them. And they were amazed, and those who followed were afraid.” (10:32)
A. INFERENCE: “And taking the twelve again, he began to tell them what was to happen to him, saying, ‘See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death and deliver him over to the Gentiles.” (10:32-33)
1. FINDINGS: “And they will mock him and spit on him, and flog him and kill him. And after three days he will rise.'” (10:34)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ’s going on with his undertaking for the salvation of mankind, was, is, and will be, the wonder of all his disciples. Worldly honor is a glittering thing, with which the eyes of Christ’s own disciples have many times been dazzled.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Our care must be, that we may have wisdom and grace to know how to suffer with him; and we may trust him to provide what the degrees of our glory shall be. Christ shows them that dominion was generally abused in the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Wealth brings many temptations. It is not said that rich men cannot get through the gate, but they will have to stoop very low and be stripped of the love of wealth, though not necessarily of wealth itself. In Christ’s kingdom to give all is to get all. The surrendered life needs no pity, for what it loses on the material side is more than compensated by its enormous spiritual gains, (10:30-31).” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We must know the fellowship of His sufferings, if we are to share His glory, 2Tim.2:11, etc.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “If you are not called to suffer with Him, then serve. Service like Christ’s will bring you near His throne, as will also a share in His suffering.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (The Request of James and John): “And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came up to him and said to him, ‘Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of you.’ And he said to them, ‘What do you want me to do for you?” (10:35-37)
A. INFERENCE: “And they said to him, ‘Grant us to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your glory.” (10:37)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized?'” (10:38-39)
2. CRITERIA: “And they said to him, ‘We are able.’ And Jesus said to them, ‘The cup that I drink you will drink, and with the baptism with which I am baptized, you will be baptized, but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.'” (10:39-40)
3. CONDITION: “And when the ten heard it, they began to be indignant at James and John. And Jesus called them to him and said to them, ‘You know that those who are considered rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. But it shall not be so among you. But whoever would be great among you must be your servant, and whoever would be first among you must be slave of all.” (10:41-44)
4. CAUSE: “For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (10:45)
5. EFFECT: “If Jesus would gratify all our desires, it would soon appear that we desire fame or authority, and are unwilling to taste of his cup, or to have his baptism; and should often be ruined by having our prayers answered.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “But he loves us, and will only give his people what is good for them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus): “And they came to Jericho. And as he was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside. And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” (10:46-47)
A. INFERENCE: “And many rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, ‘Son of David, have mercy on me!” (10:48)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus stopped and said, ‘Call him.’ And they called the blind man, saying to him, ‘Take heart. Get up; he is calling you.’ And throwing off his cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus. And Jesus said to him, ‘What do you want me to do for you? And the blind man said to him, Rabbi, let me recover my sight.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Go your way your faith has made you well.'” (10:49-52)
2. CRITERIA: “And immediately he recovered his sight and followed him on the way.” (10:52)
3. CONDITION: “Bartimaeus had heard of Jesus and his miracles, and learning that he was passing by, hoped to recover his eyesight. In coming to Christ for help and healing, we should look to him as the promised Messiah. The gracious calls Christ gives us to come to him, encourage our hope, that if we come to him we shall have what we come for. Those who would come to Jesus, must cast away the garment of their own sufficiency, must free themselves from every weight, and the sin that, like long garments, most easily besets them, Hebrews 12:1.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
4. CAUSE: “He begged that his eyes might be opened. It is very desirable to be able to earn our bread; and where God has given men limbs and senses, it is a shame, by foolishness and slothfulness, to make themselves, in effect, blind and lame. His eyes were opened.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
5. EFFECT: “Thy faith has made thee whole: faith in Christ as the Son of David, and in his pity and power; not thy repeated words, but thy faith; Christ setting thy faith to work.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let sinners be exhorted to imitate blind Bartimaeus. Where the gospel is preached, or the written words of truth circulated, Jesus is passing by, and this is the opportunity. It is not enough to come to Christ for spiritual healing, but, when we are healed, we must continue to follow him; that we may honor him, and receive instruction from him. Those who have spiritual eyesight, see that beauty in Christ which will draw them to run after him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)

Mark 11:1, I. The Triumphal Entry; II. Jesus Curses the Fig Tree; III. Jesus Cleanses the Temple; IV. The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree; V. Authority of Jesus Challenged

I. KEY TEXT: (The Triumphal Entry): “Now when they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples and said to them, ‘Go into the village in front of you, and immediately as you enter it you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Untie it and bring it. If anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord has need of it and will send it back here immediately.'” (11:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “And they went away and found a colt tied at a door outside in the street, and they untied it. And some of those standing there said to them, ‘What are you doing, untying the colt?’ And they told them what Jesus had said, and they let them go. And they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks on it, and he sat on it.” (11:4-7)
1. FINDINGS: “And many spread their cloaks on the road, and others spread leafy branches that they had cut from the fields. And those who went before and those who followed were shouting, ‘Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the highest!” (11:8-10)
2. CRITERIA: “And he entered Jerusalem and went into the temple. And when he had looked around at everything, as it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.” (11:11)
3. CONDITION: “Christ’s coming into Jerusalem thus remarkably, shows that he was not afraid of the power and malice of his enemies. This would encourage his disciples who were full of fear. Also, that he was not disquieted at the thoughts of his approaching sufferings. But all marked his humiliation; and these matters teach us not to mind high things, but to condescend to those of low estate.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Let him have our best affection; he is a blessed Savior, and brings blessings to us, and blessed be He that sent him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Praises be to our God, who is in the highest heavens, over all, God blessed for ever.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. (Ps. 24:7)” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Curses the Fig Tree): “On the following day, when they came from Bethany, he was hungry. And seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to see if he could find anything on it.” (11:12-13)
A. INFERENCE: “When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.” (11:13)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said to it, ‘May no one ever eat fruit from you again.'” (11:14)
2. CRITERIA: “And his disciples heard it.” (11:14)
3. CONDITION: “Christ looked to find some fruit, for the time of gathering figs, though it was near, was not yet come; but he found none. He made this fig-tree an example, not to the trees, but to the men of that generation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It was a figure of the doom upon the Jewish church, to which he came seeking fruit, but found none.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ passed against this tree, and took notice of it. Woes from Christ’s mouth are to be observed and kept in mind, as well as blessings.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Let us hear what the Spirit says . . .

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Cleanses the Temple): “And they came to Jerusalem. And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold and those who bought in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money-changers and the seats of those who sold pigeons. And he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the temple.” (11:15-16)
A. INFERENCE: “And he was teaching them and saying to them, ‘Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’?” (11:17)
1. FINDINGS: “But you have made it a den of robbers.” (11:17)
2. CRITERIA: “With irresistible might the Lord drove forth the buyers and sellers from the Temple. According to the ancient prediction, He sat as a refiner and purifier of silver, to purify the sons of Levi. And whenever He enters the heart, He performs a similar work. He drives out bestial forms of sin, and mere traffic, so that the whole nature-spirit, soul, and body-may be surrendered to God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And the chief priests and the scribes heard it and were seeking a way to destroy him, for they feared him, because all the crowd was astonished at his teaching. And when evening came they went out of the city.” (11:18)
4. CAUSE: “What our Lord said of the Temple should be true of each church of the living God. It should be His residence, where men of all nationalities should come to a unity, as they worship, confess sin, and intercede. Certainly God’s house must not be a place of merchandise and traffic.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The scribes and the chief priests sought, not how they might make their peace with him, but how they might destroy him. A desperate attempt, which they could not but fear was fighting against God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Clean out the temple.

IV. KEY TEXT (The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree): “As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away to its roots. And Peter remembered and said to him, ‘Rabbi, look! The fig tree that you cursed has withered.'” (11:20-22)
A. INFERENCE: “The disciples could not think why that fig-tree should so soon wither away; but all wither who reject Christ; it represented the state of the Jewish church. We should rest in no religion that does not make us fruitful in good works.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answered them, ‘Have faith in God. Truly, I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and thrown into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says will come to pass, it will be done for him. Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask in prayer, ‘believe that you have received it, and it will be yours. And when ever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone, so that your Father also who is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.'” (11:23-26)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ taught them from hence to pray in faith. It may be applied to that mighty faith with which all true Christians are endued, and which does wonders in spiritual things.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It justifies us, and so removes mountains of guilt, never to rise up in judgment against us. It purifies the heart, and so removes mountains of corruption, and makes them plain before the grace of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “One great errand to the throne of grace is to pray for the pardon of our sins; and care about this ought to be our daily concern.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Forgiveness and love are the conditions of all successful prayers.” (11:24-26)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Pray for pardon of sins.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Authority of Jesus Challenged): “And they came again to Jerusalem. And as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the scribes and the elders came to him, and said, ‘By what authority are you doing these things, or who gave you this authority to do them?'” (11:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “Jesus said to them, ‘I will ask you one question; answer me, and I will tell you my what authority I do these things.” (11:29)
1. FINDINGS: “Was the baptism of John from heaven or from man? Answer me.'” (11:30)
2. CRITERIA: “And they discussed it with one another, saying, ‘If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ But shall we say, ‘From man’ they were afraid of the people?” (11:31-32)
3. CONDITION: “We do not show sufficient appreciation for our Lord’s marvelous intellectual power. He was more than equal to these clever intellects trained to argument. They were beaten at their own game.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “These elders did not deserve to be taught; for it was plain that they contended not for truth, but victory: nor did he need to tell them; for the works he did, told them plainly he had authority from God; since no man could do the miracles which he did, unless God were with him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Our Savior intimates how near akin his doctrine and baptism were to John’s; they had the same purpose and tendency–to introduce the gospel kingdom.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “What Christ did by his wisdom we must labour to do by our well doing–put to silence the ignorant talk of foolish men.” (1 Peter 2:15)

Mark 12:1, I. The Parable of the Tenants; II. Paying Taxes to Caesar; III. The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection; IV. The Great Commandment; V. Whose Son Is the Christ?; VI. Beware of the Scribes; VII. The Widow’s Offering

I. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Tenants): “And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard and put a fence around it and dug a pit for the winepress and built a tower, and leased it to tenants and went into another country. When the season came, he sent a servant to the tenants to get from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. Again he sent to them another servant, and they struck him on the head and treated him shamefully. And he sent another, and him they killed. And so with many others: some they beat, and some they killed. He had still one other, a beloved son. Finally he sent him to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But those tenants said to one another, This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ And they took him and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants and give the vineyard to others. Have you not read this Scripture: “‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?” (12:1-11)
A. INFERENCE: “And they were seeking to arrest him but feared the people, for they perceived that he had told the parable against them. So they left him and went away.” (12:12)
1. FINDINGS: “‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?” (12:10-11)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ showed in parables, that he would lay aside the Jewish church. It is sad to think what base usage God’s faithful ministers have met with in all ages, from those who have enjoyed the privileges of the church, but have not brought forth fruit answerable. God at length sent his Son, his Well-beloved; and it might be expected that he whom their Master loved, they also should respect and love; but instead of honoring him because he was the Son and Heir, they therefore hated him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But the exaltation of Christ was the Lord’s doing; and it is his doing to exalt him in our hearts, and to set up his throne there; and if this be done, it cannot but be marvelous in our eyes.”(Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Scriptures, and faithful preachers, and the coming of Christ in the flesh, call on us to render due praise to God in our lives.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Let sinners beware of a proud, carnal spirit; if they revile or despise the preachers of Christ, they would have done so their Master, had they lived when he was upon earth.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Humility, obey, and serve; hold fast to the Cornerstone.

II. KEY TEXT (Paying Taxes to Caesar): “And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and some of the Herodians, to trap him in his talk. And they came and said to him, ‘Teacher, we know that you are true and do not care about anyone’s opinion. For you are not swayed by appearances, but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? Should we pay them, or should we not?'” (12:13-14)
A. INFERENCE: “But, knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, ‘Why put me to the test? Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.’ And they brought one. And he said to them, ‘Whose likeness and inscription is this?’ They said to him, ‘Caesar’s.'” (13:15-16)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.’ And they marveled at him.” (13:17)
2. CRITERIA: “The enemies of Christ would be thought desirous to know their duty, when really they hoped that which soever side he took of the question, they might find occasion to accuse him. Nothing is more likely to ensnare the followers of Christ, than bringing them to meddle with disputes about worldly politics.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Jesus avoided the snare, by referring to the submission they had already made as a nation; and all that heard him, marveled at the great wisdom of his answer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Many will praise the words of a sermon, who will not be commanded by the doctrines of it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “How admirably our Lord defined the relations of His Kingdom to the civil power! If we accept Caesar’s protection and ordered government we are bound to maintain it by money payment and such other service as conscience permits.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “This indeed is part of our duty to God; and with equal care we must give Him the dues of the spiritual world.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection): “And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, ‘Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, the man must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. There were seven brothers; the first took a wife, and when he died left no offspring. And the second took her, and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise. And the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died. In the resurrection, when they rise again, whose wife will she be? For the seven had her as wife.'” (12:18-28)
A. INFERENCE: “A right knowledge of the Scripture, as the fountain whence all revealed religion now flows, and the foundation on which it is built, is the best preservative against error. Christ put aside the objection of the Sadducees, who were the scoffing infidels of that day, by setting the doctrine of the future state in a true light. The relation between husband and wife, though appointed in the earthly paradise, will not be known in the heavenly one.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to them, ‘Is this not the reason you are wrong, because you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God? For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. And as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not God of the dead, but of the living. You are quite wrong.'” (12:24-27)
2. CRITERIA: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are of the living then and today as well.
3. CONDITION: “It is no wonder if we confuse ourselves with foolish errors, when we form our ideas of the world of spirits by the affairs of this world of sense. It is absurd to think that the living God should be the portion and happiness of a man if he is for ever dead; and therefore it is certain that Abraham’s soul exists and acts, though now for a time separate from the body.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Those that deny the resurrection greatly err, and ought to be told so. Let us seek to pass through this dying world, with a joyful hope of eternal happiness, and of a glorious resurrection.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Jesus silenced the Sadducees by a quotation from the Pentateuch, whose authority they admitted. God could not be the God of persons not in existence. Therefore since He used the present tense of His relationship with the patriarchs in speaking to Moses three hundred years after their death, they must have been still in existence.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe in the resurrection.

IV. KEY TEXT (The Great Commandment): “And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well asked him, ‘Which commandment is the most important of all?’ Jesus answered, ‘The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.’ And the scribe said to him, ‘You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that he is one, and there is no other besides him. And to love him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself, is much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.'” (12:28-33)
A. INFERENCE: “Those who sincerely desire to be taught their duty, Christ will guide in judgment, and teach his way. He tells the scribe that the great commandment, which indeed includes all, is, that of loving God with all our hearts. Wherever this is the ruling principle in the soul, there is a disposition to every other duty.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, ‘You are not far from the kingdom of God.’ And after that no one dared to ask him any more questions.” (12:34)
2. CRITERIA: “Loving God with all our heart, will engage us to every thing by which he will be pleased. The sacrifices only represented the atonements for men’s transgressions of the moral law; they were of no power except as they expressed repentance and faith in the promised Savior, and as they led to moral obedience.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And because we have not thus loved God and man, but the very reverse, therefore we are condemned sinners; we need repentance, and we need mercy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ approved what the scribe said, and encouraged him. He stood fair for further advance; for this knowledge of the law leads to conviction of sin, to repentance, to discovery of our need of mercy, and understanding the way of justification by Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Now, in answer to this scribe, he turned with unerring choice, first to Deu. 6:4-5, and then to Lev. 19:18, for the two pillars on which the collective and individual life of man must rest. The reverent answer of the scribe proves that he was no ordinary questioner; and our Lord acknowledged this when He told him that a few steps more would bring him into the kingdom of God.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Matthew 22:37-40 pertains.

V. KEY TEXT (Whose Son Is the Christ?): “And as Jesus taught in the temple, he said, ‘How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David?” David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son? (12:35)
A. INFERENCE: “When we attend to what the Scriptures declare, as to the person and offices of Christ, we shall be led to confess him as our Lord and God; to obey him as our exalted Redeemer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.'” (12:36)
2. CRITERIA: “If the common people hear these things gladly, while the learned and distinguished oppose, the former are happy, and the latter to be pitied. And as sin, disguised with a show of piety, is double iniquity, so its doom will be doubly heavy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son?” (12:37)
4. CAUSE: “Our Lord was David’s son by human descent, but as Son of God, proceeding from the Father, He is exalted far above David and all mankind.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “And the great throng heard him gladly.” (12:37)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe in His omnipotence, omnipresence, omniscience, omni-direction, and omni-righteousness.

VI. KEY TEXT (Beware of the Scribes): “And in his teaching he said ‘Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes and like greetings in the marketplaces and have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts, who devour widows’ houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.'” (12:38-40)
A. INFERENCE: “When we attend to what the Scriptures declare, as to the person and offices of Christ, we shall be led to confess him as our Lord and God; to obey him as our exalted Redeemer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “If the common people hear these things gladly, while the learned and distinguished oppose, the former are happy, and the latter to be pitied.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “And as sin, disguised with a show of piety, is double iniquity, so its doom will be doubly heavy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ denounced the moral and religious leaders of the time. They made a pretense and a gain of their religion.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How great the contrast between them and this poor widow, who cast into God’s treasury all that she had to provide for her day’s living! Our Lord is quick to notice acts like these, which give evidence of the true heart.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: Moral and religious leaders of the time beware.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Assume a posture of humility.

VII. KEY TEXT (The Widow’s Offering): “And he sat down opposite the treasury and watched the people putting money into the offering box.” (12:41)
A. INFERENCE: “Many rich people put in large sums. And a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which make a penny.” (12:42)
1. FINDINGS: “And he called his disciples to him and said to them, ‘Truly, I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the offering box. For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had to live on.” (12:43-44)
2. CRITERIA: “Let us not forget that Jesus still sees the treasury. He knows how much, and from what motives, men give to his cause. He looks at the heart, and what our views are, in giving alms; and whether we do it as unto the Lord, or only to be seen of men.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It is so rare to find any who would not blame this widow, that we cannot expect to find many who will do like to her; and yet our Savior commends her, therefore we are sure that she did well and wisely.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ denounced the moral and religious leaders of the time. They made a pretense and a gain of their religion. How great the contrast between them and this poor widow, who cast into God’s treasury all that she had to provide for her day’s living! Our Lord is quick to notice acts like these, which give evidence of the true heart.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The feeble efforts of the poor to honor their Savior, will be commended in that day, when the splendid actions of unbelievers will be exposed to contempt.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Give from the heart.

Mark 13:1, I. Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple; II. Signs of the Close of the Age; III. The Abomination of Desolation; IV. The Coming of the Son of Man; V. The Lesson of the Fig Tree; VI. No One Knows That Day or Hour

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple): “And as he came out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, ‘Look, Teacher, what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!” (13:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Do you see these great buildings? There will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” (13:2)
1. FINDINGS: “See how little Christ values outward pomp, where there is not real purity of heart.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord departed from the Temple, never again to enter its sacred precincts or to open His mouth in public teaching. When He withdrew, the whole system of Judaism was given over to desolation, and the predictions spoken at this time were minutely fulfilled in the fall of Jerusalem under Titus.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He looks with pity upon the ruin of precious souls, and weeps over them, but we do not find him look with pity upon the ruin of a fine house.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Temple was blotted out-indeed, a ploughshare passed over its site; the people were sold into slavery or butchered in the gladiatorial shows; their nationality was obliterated; and their land given to strangers. For more than eighteen centuries the holy places have been defiled.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Let us then be reminded how needful it is for us to have a more lasting abode in heaven, and to be prepared for it by the influences of the Holy Spirit, sought in the earnest use of all the means of grace.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Temporal values matter not. (2 Peter 3)

II. KEY TEXT (Signs of the Close of the Age): “And as he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, ‘Tell us, when will these thing be, and what will be the sign when all these things are about to be accomplished?'” (13:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus began to say to them, ‘See that no one leads you astray. Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he!’ and they will lead many astray. And when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. This must take place, but the end is not yet. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places; there will be famines. These are but the beginning of the birth pains.” (13:5-8)
1. FINDINGS: “But be on your guard. For they will deliver you over to councils, and you will be beaten in synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to bear witness before them. And the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations. And when they bring you to trial and deliver you over, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. And brother will deliver brother over to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death. And you will be hated by all for my name’s sake. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.” (13:9-13)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord Jesus, in reply to the disciples’ question, does not so much satisfy their curiosity as direct their consciences.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Temple was blotted out-indeed, a ploughshare passed over its site; the people were sold into slavery or butchered in the gladiatorial shows; their nationality was obliterated; and their land given to strangers. For more than eighteen centuries the holy places have been defiled.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “They shall be hated of all men: trouble enough! Yet the work they were called to should be carried on and prosper.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But they must take heed that they are not drawn away from Christ and their duty to him, by the sufferings they will meet with for his sake.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The salvation promised is more than deliverance from evil, it is everlasting blessedness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Abomination of Desolation: “But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where he ought not to be (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let the one who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter his house, to take anything out, and let the one who is in the field not turn back to take his cloak. And alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! Pray that it may not happen in winter. For in those days there will be such tribulation as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, and never will be. And if the Lord had not cut short the days, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect, whom he chose, he shortened the days. And then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘Look, there he is!’ do not believe it. For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform signs and wonders, to lead astray, if possible, the elect. But be on guard; I have told you all things beforehand.” (13:14-23)
A. INFERENCE: “The Jews in rebelling against the Romans, and in persecuting the Christians, hastened their own ruin apace. Here we have a prediction of that ruin which came upon them within less than forty years after this. Such destruction and desolation, that the like cannot be found in any history.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The fall of Jerusalem.” (13:14-23) “This abomination had been predicted by Daniel, Dan. 9:27, Josephus says that the Romans brought their standards into the Temple, and offered sacrifices to them, and proclaimed Titus emperor. Probably there is to be a yet further fulfillment of these significant words.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The ungodly owe more than they realize to the elect who dwell among them, (13:20). Let us not be deceived by the appearance of false doctrines or teachers; there are also false Christs.” (13:22). (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Promises of power to persevere, and cautions against falling away, well agree with each other. But the more we consider these things, the more we shall see abundant cause to flee without delay for refuge to Christ, and to renounce every earthly object, for the salvation of our souls.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “These signs may refer to the disorganization of political rule, or to literal convulsions of the elements. The ministry of angels was very real to Jesus, and their function in the future ages is clearly defined.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Jews, in rebelling against the Romans, and persecuting the Christians, were setting both God and man against them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us watch.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Coming of the Son of Man): “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. And then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. And then he will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of Heaven.” (13:24-27)
A. INFERENCE: “The disciples had confounded the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world. This mistake Christ set right, and showed that the day of Christ’s coming, and the day of judgment, shall be after that tribulation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Here he foretells the final dissolution of the present frame and fabric of the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Hear of the visible appearance of the Lord Jesus coming in the clouds, and the gathering together of all the elect to him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “This generation may refer to the fact that the Jewish people would remain as a distinct people.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “These verses seem to point at Christ’s second coming, to judge the world; the disciples, in their question, had confounded the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the age (Matt. 2:3) which was built on a mistake, as if the temple must stand as long as the world stands; this mistake Christ rectifies.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “a. The final dissolution of the present frame and fabric of the world; b. The visible appearance of the Lord Jesus, to whom the judgment of that day shall be entrusted; and c. The gathering together of all the elect to him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Keep Henry on the side of postmillennialism and Meyer on the side of premillennialism. I lean toward premillennialism. Be sure to know the difference so you can tell when you see it. Look for the “Bema Seat” of Christ, crowns, and white robes.

V. KEY TEXT: (The Lesson of the Fig Tree): “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.” (13:28-31)
A. INFERENCE: “We have the application of this prophetic sermon. As to the destruction of Jerusalem, expect it to come very shortly. As to the end of the world, do not inquire when it will come, for of that day and that hour knoweth no man.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ, as God, could not be ignorant of anything; but the Divine wisdom which dwelt in our Savior, communicated itself to his human soul according to the Divine pleasure.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “As to both, our duty is to watch and pray. Our Lord Jesus, when he ascended on high, left something for all his servants to do. We ought to be always upon our watch, in expectation of his return. This applies to Christ’s coming to us at our death, as well as to the general judgment.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He has now resumed the glory of the knowledge which He had before all worlds. Have we each one found our work? Let us watch!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: Destruction is shortly, at the end of the world, or both. The parable of the fig tree demonstrates the signs and how it will come.
5. EFFECT: Destruction will come.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Watch for it; preach it.

VI. KEY TEXT: (No One Knows That Day or Hour): “But concerning that day or that hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. Be on guard, keep awake. For you do not know when the time will come. It is like a man going on a journey, when he leaves home and puts his servants in charge, each with his work, and commands the doorkeeper to stay awake. Therefore stay awake–for you do not know when the master of the house will come, in the evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or in the morning–lest he come suddenly and find you asleep. And what I say to you I say to all: ‘Stay awake.'” (13:32-37)
A. INFERENCE: “We ought to be always watching, in expectation of his return.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “The Master has gone away.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “We know not whether our Master will come in the days of youth, or middle age, or old age; but, as soon as we are born, we begin to die, and therefore we must expect death. Our great care must be, that, whenever our Lord comes, he may not find us secure, indulging in ease and sloth, mindless of our work and duty. He says to all, Watch, that you may be found in peace, without spot, and blameless.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Thus our Lord Jesus, when he ascended on high, left something for all his servants to do. All are appointed to work, and some authorized to rule.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The servants will have to give account of themselves.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The Master will be back.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Stay awake.” (13:37)

Mark 14:1, I. The Plot to Kill Jesus; II. Jesus Anointed at Bethany; III. Judas to Betray Jesus; IV. The Passover with the Disciples; V. Institution of the Lord’s Supper; VI. Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial; VII. Jesus Prays in Gethsemane; VIII. Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus; IX. A Young Man Flees; X. Jesus Before the Council; XI. Peter Denies Jesus

I. KEY TEXT: (The Plot to Kill Jesus): “It was now two days before the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to arrest him by stealth and kill him, for they said, ‘Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar from the people.” (14:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Those who honor Christ he will honor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Covetousness was Judas’ master lust, and that betrayed him to the sin of betraying his Master; the devil suited his temptation to that, and so conquered him. And see what wicked contrivances many have in their sinful pursuits; but what appears to forward their plans, will prove curses in the end.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The feast of the Passover was now at hand, and at that feast he must be crucified: a. That his death and sufferings might be the more public.; b. That the symbol and the reality might be seen together. Christ our Passover, was sacrificed for us,, at the same time that the paschal lamb was sacrificed, and Israel’s deliverance out of Egypt was commemorated. ” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Now see, How spiteful Christ’s enemies were, for they aimed not only to silence him, but to have vengeance against him for all the good he had done.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: See paragraph 5.III in home page for a strategic overview of God’s eternal plan.
5. EFFECT: See paragraph 5.III in home page for a sample of our preferred response.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn or burn.” (Sermon by Spurgeon)

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Anointed at Bethany): “And while he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he was reclining at table, a woman came with an alabaster flask of ointment of pure nard, very costly, and she broke the flask and poured it over his head.” (14:3)
A. INFERENCE: “There were some who said to themselves indignantly, ‘Why was the ointment wasted like that? For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii and given to the poor.’ And they scolded her.” (14:4-5)
1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus said, ‘Leave her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a beautiful thing to me. For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you want, you can do good for them. But you will not always have me. She has done what she could; she has anointed my body beforehand for burial. And truly, I say to you, whenever this gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will be told in memory of her.” (14:6-9)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord’s words about invitations to our houses strike at the root of much of the so-called hospitality of modern society. Did not our Lord intend His words to be interpreted literally? They are imperative in their tone. He probably meant what He said. Some of us get so much thanks down here that there will be very little left to come to us at the resurrection of the just, when we shall stand before the judgment seat of Christ to receive our rewards.” (2Cor5:10) (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “This was an extraordinary act of respect paid him by a good woman who thought nothing too good to bestow on Christ; she took care to pour it all out on Christ’s head.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Christ must be honored with all we have.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Do we give him the perfume of our best affections?” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let him have them all; love him with all the heart.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT: (Judas to Betray Jesus): “Then Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went to the chief priests in order to betray him to them. And when they heard it, they were glad and promised to give him money. And he sought an opportunity to betray him.” (14:10-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Covetousness was Judas’ master lust, and that betrayed him to the sin of betraying his Master; the devil suited his temptation to that, and so conquered him. And see what wicked contrivances many have in their sinful pursuits; but what appears to forward their plans, will prove curses in the end.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Judas betrayed Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Money.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Betray Christ without a riot.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Follow the money.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Betrayed with a kiss.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Repent from lust.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT: (The Passover with the Disciples): “And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, ‘Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?'” (14:12)
A. INFERENCE: “And he sent two of his disciples and said to them, ‘Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him, and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, Where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples? And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; there prepare for us.’ And the disciples set out and went to the city and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.” (14:13-16)
1. FINDINGS: “And when it was evening, he came with the twelve. And as they were reclining at table and eating, Jesus said, ‘Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me.’ They began to be sorrowful and to say to him one after another, ‘Is it I?’ He said to them, ‘It is one of the twelve, one who is dipping bread into the dish with me. For the Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.'” (14:17-21)
2. CRITERIA: “Judas contrived to betray his master even while he was eating with him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ and the twelve were eating the Passover.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The Son of Man will be betrayed, crucified, and slain just as was written about him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Judas was least concerned at Jesus’ comments.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Trust his words.

V. KEY TEXT: (Institution of the Lord’s Supper): “And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, ‘Take; this is my body.’ And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it.” (14:22-23)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said to them, ‘This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it in the kingdom of God.” (14:24-25)
1. FINDINGS: “The Lord’s supper is food for the soul, therefore a very little of that which is for the body, as much as will serve for a sign, is enough. It was instituted by the example and the practice of our Master, to remain in force till his second coming.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “It was instituted with blessing and giving of thanks, to be a memorial of Christ’s death. Frequent mention is made of his precious blood, as the price of our redemption. How comfortable is this to poor repenting sinners, that the blood of Christ is shed for many! If for many, why not for me? It was a sign of the conveyance of the benefits purchased for us by his death.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Apply the doctrine of Christ crucified to yourselves; let it be meat and drink to your souls, strengthening and refreshing your spiritual life. It was to be an earnest and foretaste of the happiness of heaven, and thereby to put us out of taste for the pleasures and delights of sense.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Every one that has tasted spiritual delights, straightway desires eternal ones. Though the great Shepherd passed through his sufferings without one false step, yet his followers often have been scattered by the small measure of sufferings allotted to them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “How very apt we are to think well of ourselves, and to trust our own hearts! It was ill done of Peter thus to answer his Master, and not with fear and trembling.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Lord, give me grace to keep me from denying thee.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial): “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. And Jesus said to them, ‘You will all fall away, for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’ But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.”” (14:26-28)
A. INFERENCE: “Peter said to him, ‘Even though they all fall away, I will not.'” (14:29)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Truly, I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.’ But he said emphatically, ‘If I must die with you, I will not deny you.” And they all said the same.” (14:30-31)
2. CRITERIA: “Though the great Shepherd passed through his sufferings without one false step, yet his followers often have been scattered by the small measure of sufferings allotted to them. How very apt we are to think well of ourselves, and to trust our own hearts!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Our love must be greater than the ties of family affection, (14:26); must be greater than our love for our own way, which must be nailed to the Cross, (14:27); must be greater than our love of possessions and property, (14:33). Christ has done more than any other teacher to cement the relationships of human love, but He always asks that they should be subordinated to the claims of God. Oh, for the love that Paul had! (Php. 3:8).” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Peter supposes himself to be able to receive the shock of a temptation, and bear up against it, all alone; to stand, though nobody stood by him. It is bred in the bone with us, to think well of ourselves, and trust our own hearts.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ tells him that he will do worse than any of them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Take heed lest he (we) fall.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VII. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Prays in Gethsemane): “And they went to a place called Gethsemane. And he said to his disciples, ‘Sit here while I pray.’ And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be greatly distressed and troubled. And he said to them, ‘My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and watch. And going a little farther, he fell on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. And he said, ‘Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.'” (14:32-36)
A. INFERENCE: “And he came and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, ‘Simon, are you asleep? Could you not watch one hour? Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.’ And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words. And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they did not know what to answer him. And he came the third time and said to them, ‘Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough; the hour has come.” (14:37-41)
1. FINDINGS: “The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.” (14:41-42)
2. CRITERIA: “What heavy clogs these bodies of ours are to our souls! But when we see trouble at the door, we should get ready for it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Alas, even believers often look at the Redeemer’s sufferings in a drowsy manner, and instead of being ready to die with Christ, they are not even prepared to watch with him one hour.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ takes them to stand by, and see what a struggle he had, to convince them that they did not know what they said. ” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “It is fit that they who are most confident should be first, tested, that they may be made aware of their folly and weakness.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Enough! Feel his rebuke.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VIII. KEY TEXT: (Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus): “And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.” (14:43)
A. INFERENCE: “Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, ‘The one I will kiss is the man. Seize him and lead him away under guard.’ And when he came, he went up to him at once and said, ‘Rabbi!’ And he kissed him. But one of those who stood by drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear. And Jesus said to them, ‘Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me.'” (14:44-49)
1. FINDINGS: “‘But let the Scriptures be fulfilled.'” (14:49)
2. CRITERIA: “And they all left him and fled.” (14:50)
3. CONDITION: “He reconciled himself to all this injurious, ignominious treatment, by referring himself to the Old Testament predictions of the Messiah.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “I am badly treated, but I must submit, for the Scriptures must be fulfilled.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “See here what respect Christ had for Scriptures; he would bear anything rather than that the least jot or tittle of the word of God should fall to the ground” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “See what use we are to make of the Old Testament; we must search for Christ, the true treasure hid in that field.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IX. KEY TEXT: (A Young Man Flees): “And a young man followed him, with nothing but a linen cloth about his body. And they seized him, but he left the linen cloth and ran away naked.” (14:51-52)
A. INFERENCE: “There is no hold on those who are led by curiosity only, and not by faith and conscience, to follow Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “The youth may have been from the neighborhood and came to see the commotion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “None noted.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Being lightly dressed, the youth may have fled back to his bed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Response to noise in the neighborhood? Or, a follower?” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “None noted.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “None.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

X. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Before the Council): “And they led Jesus to the high priest. And all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came together. And Peter had followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. And he was sitting with the guards and warming himself at the fire. Now the chief priests and the whole Council were seeking testimony against Jesus to put him to death, but they found none. For many bore false witness against him, but their testimony did not agree. And some stood up and bore false witness against him, saying, ‘We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands. Yet even about this their testimony did not agree.” (14:53-59)
A. INFERENCE: “And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, ‘Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?’ But he remained silent and made no answer. Again the high priest asked him, ‘Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?'” (14:60-61)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said, ‘I am, and you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.” (14:62)
2. CRITERIA: “Great diligence was used to procure false witnesses against Jesus, yet their testimony was not equal to the charge of a capital crime, by the utmost stretch of their law. He was asked, Art thou the Son of the Blessed? that is, the Son of God. For the proof of his being the Son of God, he refers to his second coming. In these outrages we have proofs of man’s enmity to God, and of God’s free and unspeakable love to man.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And the high priest tore his garments and said, ‘What further witnesses do we need? You have heard his blasphemy. What is your decision? And they all condemned him as deserving death. And some began to spit on him and to cover his face and to strike him, saying to him, ‘Prophesy!’ And the guards received him with blows.” (14:63-65)
4. CAUSE: “He was charged to be his own accuser.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “He links the issue irrevocably with his second coming. The high priest convicted him of blasphemy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Know this condition was driven by Scripture.

XI. KEY TEXT: (Peter Denies Jesus): “And as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant girls of the high priest came, and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and said, ‘You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus.’ But he denied it, saying, ‘I neither know nor understand what you mean.’ And he went out into the gateway and the rooster crowed. And the servant girl saw him and began again to say to the bystanders, ‘This man is one of them.’ But again he denied it. And after a little while the bystanders again said to Peter, ‘Certainly you are one of them for your are a Galilean.’ But he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear. ‘I do not know this man of whom you speak.’ And immediately the rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered how Jesus had said to him, ‘Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.’ And he broke down and wept.” (14:66-72)
A. INFERENCE: “Those who think it dangerous to be in company with Christ’s disciples, because thence they may be drawn in to suffer for him, will find it much more dangerous to be in company with his enemies, because there they may be drawn in to sin against him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The sin was very great; he denied Christ before men, at a time when he ought to have confessed and acknowledged him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “The cock crowed twice.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Peter wept.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Denial of Christ,” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Peter remembered.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Receive grace and evangelize.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Week #128; Wed, Jun 10: Mark 15–Luke 3

Week #128; Wed, Jun 10: Mark 15:1–Luke 3:38

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Mark 15:1, I. Jesus Delivered to Pilate; II. Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified; III. Jesus is Mocked; IV. The Crucifixion; V. The Death of Jesus; VI. Jesus is Buried

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Delivered to Pilate): “And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole Council. And they bound Jesus and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate.” (15:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And Pilate asked him, ‘Are you the King of the Jews?'” (15:2)
1. FINDINGS: “And he answered him, ‘You have said so.'” (15:2)
2. CRITERIA: “And the chief priests accused him of many things.” (15:3)
3. CONDITION: “And Pilate again asked him, ‘Have you no answer to make? See how many charges they bring against you.'” (15:4)
4. CAUSE: “But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate was amazed.” (15:5)
5. EFFECT: “The thought that no one ever was so shamefully treated, as the only perfectly wise, holy, and excellent Person that ever appeared on earth, leads the serious mind to strong views of man’s wickedness and enmity to God. Let us more and more abhor the evil dispositions which marked the conduct of these persecutors.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Happy is the man who shares Christ’s cross!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified): “Now at the feast he used to release for them one prisoner for whom they asked. And among the rebels in prison, who had committed murder in the insurrection, there was a man called Barabbas.” (15:6-7)
A. INFERENCE: “And the crowd came up and began to ask Pilate to do as he usually did for them. And he answered them, saying, ‘Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews?’ For he perceived that it was out of envy that the chief priests had delivered him up.” (15:8-10)
1. FINDINGS: “But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to have him release for them Barabbas instead. And Pilate again said to them, ‘Then what shall I do with the man you call the King of the Jews?'” (15:11-12)
2. CRITERIA: “And they cried out again, ‘Crucify him.’ And Pilate said to them, ‘Why, what evil has he done?’ But they shouted all the more, ‘Crucify him.'” (15:13-14)
3. CONDITION: “So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.” (15:15)
4. CAUSE: “Christ met death in its greatest terror. It was the death of the vilest malefactors. Thus the cross and the shame are put together. God having been dishonored by the sin of man, Christ made satisfaction by submitting to the greatest disgrace human nature could be loaded with. It was a cursed death; thus it was branded by the Jewish law, Deuteronomy 21:23.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Shall I indulge anger, or utter reproaches and threats because of troubles and injuries?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “But let us judge persons and things by their merits, and not prejudge by common fame and the cry of the country.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus is Mocked): “And the soldiers led him away inside the palace (that is, the governor’s headquarters), and they called together the whole battalion. And they clothed him in a purple cloak, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on him. And they began to salute him, ‘Hail, King of the Jews!’ And they were striking his head with a reed and spitting on him and kneeling down in homage to him.” (15:16-19)
A. INFERENCE: “And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple cloak and put his own clothes on him.” (15:20)
1. FINDINGS: “And they led him out to crucify him.” (15:20)
2. CRITERIA: “The place where our Lord Jesus was crucified, was called the place of a skull; it was the common place of execution; for he was in all respects numbered with the transgressors. Whenever we look unto Christ crucified, we must remember what was written over his head; he is a King, and we must give up ourselves to be his subjects, as Israelites indeed. They crucified two thieves with him, and him in the midst; they thereby intended him great dishonor. But it was foretold that he should be numbered with the transgressors, because he was made sin for us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “With what earnestness will the man who firmly believes the truth, as made known by the sufferings of Christ, seek for salvation! With what gratitude will he receive the dawning hope of forgiveness and eternal life, as purchased for him by the sufferings and death of the Son of God! and with what godly sorrow will he mourn over the sins which crucified the Lord of glory!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ was not really forsaken, but as our Redeemer he passed under the dark shadow of human sin. The access to the Holy of Holies is now forever free through the entry of our great High Priest.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Our Lord Jesus dying as a sacrifice for the sins of many, he fell a sacrifice to the rage of many.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Know that Christ was not really forsaken. (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Crucifixion): “And they compelled a passerby, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross.” (15:21)
A. INFERENCE: “And they brought him to the place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull). And they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it.” (15:22-23)
1. FINDINGS: “And they crucified him and divided his garments among them, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. And it was the third hour when they crucified him. And the inscription of the charge against him read, ‘The King of the Jews.'” (15:24-26)
2. CRITERIA: “And with him they crucified two robbers, one on his right and one on his left. And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads and saying, ‘Aha! You who would destroy the temple and rebuilt it in three days, save yourself, and come down from the cross!” (15:27-30)
3. CONDITION: “So also the chief priests with the scribes mocked him to one another, saying, ‘He saved others; he cannot save himself. Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may see and believe.’ Those who were crucified with him also reviled him.” (15:31-32)
4. CAUSE: “In that famous prediction of Christ’s sufferings (Isa. 53:12), it was foretold that he should be numbered with the transgressors.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They challenged him to come down from the cross, if he could.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Give thanks to God that we know that Christ was not really forsaken; He would rise again and be seen by many before he ascended.

V. KEY TEXT (The Death of Jesus): “And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.” (15:33)
A. INFERENCE: “And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, ‘Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani? which means, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ And some of the bystanders hearing it said, ‘Behold, he is calling Elijah.” And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, ‘Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.” (15:34-36)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.” (15:37)
2. CRITERIA: “And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was the Son of God!'” (15:38-39)
3. CONDITION: “There were also women looking on from a distance, among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome. When he was in Galilee, they followed him and ministered to him, and there were also many other women who came up with him to Jerusalem.” (15:40-41)
4. CAUSE: Mission accomplished; Jesus faithfully followed His Father’s plan. He did not lose any of the sheep entrusted to Him.
5. EFFECT: “The confidence with which Christ had openly addressed God as his Father, and committed his soul into his hands, seems greatly to have affected the centurion. Right views of Christ crucified will reconcile the believer to the thought of death; he longs to behold, love, and praise, as he ought, that Savior who was wounded and pierced to save him from the wrath to come.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be counted among His sheep by believing Jesus is Lord.

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus is Buried): “And when evening had come, since it was the day of Preparation, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the Council, who was also himself looking for the kingdom of God, took courage and went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.” (15:42-43)
A. INFERENCE: “Pilate was surprised to hear that he should have already died. And summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he was already dead. And when he learned from the centurion that he was dead, he granted the corpse to Joseph.” (15:44-45)
1. FINDINGS: “And Joseph brought a linen shroud, and taking him down, wrapped him in the linen shroud and laid him in a tomb that had been cut out of the rock. And he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb. Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where he was laid.” (15:46-47)
2. CRITERIA: “Pilate gave Joseph leave to take down the body, and do what he pleased with it. Some of the women beheld where Jesus was laid, that they might come after the Sabbath to anoint the dead body, because they had not time to do it before.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Special notice was taken of Christ’s sepulcher, because he was to rise again. And he will not forsake those who trust in him, and call upon him. Death, deprived of its sting, will soon end the believer’s sorrows, as it ended those of the Savior.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “This man God raised up for his service. There was a special providence, that Pilate should be so strict in his inquiry, that there might be no pretense to say Jesus was alive. Pilate gave Joseph leave to take down the body, and do what he pleased with it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “And how good to see that God cares for the body as well as for the spirit of His beloved!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our meditations on Christ’s burial should lead us to think of our own, and should help to make the grave familiar to us.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Mark 16:1, I. The Resurrection; II. Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene; III. Jesus Appears to Two Disciples; IV. The Great Commission

I. KEY TEXT: (The Resurrection): “When the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Salome brought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. And very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb. And they were saying to one another, ‘Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb? And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled back–it was very large. And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed. And he said to them, ‘So not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here. See the place where they laid him. But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going before you to Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.'” (16:1-7)
A. INFERENCE: “And they went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had seized them, and they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.” (16:8-9)
1. FINDINGS: “. . . the stone had been rolled back.” (16:4)
2. CRITERIA: “Nicodemus brought a large quantity of spices, but these good women did not think that enough. The respect others show to Christ, should not hinder us from showing our respect. And those who are carried by holy zeal, to seek Christ diligently, will find the difficulties in their way speedily vanish. When we put ourselves to trouble and expense, from love to Christ, we shall be accepted, though our endeavors are not successful. The sight of the angel might justly have encouraged them, but they were affrighted. Thus many times that which should be matter of comfort to us, through our own mistake, proves a terror to us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He was crucified, but he is glorified. He is risen, he is not here, not dead, but alive again; hereafter you will see him, but you may here see the place where he was laid. Thus seasonable comforts will be sent to those that lament after the Lord Jesus.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “In the dim light the women brave the dangers of an Eastern city and hasten to the grave. How often we seek Christ in the grave of old experiences or of dead and empty rites; and how often we cherish fears for which there is no occasion!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going before you to Galilee.” (16:7)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Search web for: “Ain’t No Grave, Belleview Baptist Church” or click this link, Ain’t No Grave

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene): “Now when he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. She went and told those who had been with him, as they mourned and wept. But when they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, they would not believe it.” (16:9-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Better news cannot be brought to disciples in tears, than to tell them of Christ’s resurrection. And we should study to comfort disciples that are mourners, by telling them whatever we have seen of Christ. It was a wise providence that the proofs of Christ’s resurrection were given gradually, and admitted cautiously, that the assurance with which the apostles preached this doctrine afterwards might the more satisfy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The ministry of Galilee and Jerusalem is at an end, but the spirit of the Master goes forth to new victories in the Acts of the Apostles.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Let us keep our eyes fixed on the risen Christ sitting at the right hand of God, and believe that he is ever working by our side and confirming our words, Heb. 2:4.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Yet how slowly do we admit the consolations which the word of God holds forth! Therefore while Christ comforts his people, he often sees it needful to rebuke and correct them for hardness of heart in distrusting his promise, as well as in not obeying his holy precepts.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Had they believed the frequent predictions of it from his own mouth, they would not have been now so incredulous of the report of it (by Mary Magdalene)” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The closer we are joined to Christ, the sooner we may expect to see him, and the more to see of him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Better news cannot be brought to disciples in tears, than to tell them of Christ’s resurrection.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Appears to Two Disciples): “After these things he appeared in another form to two of them, as they were walking into the country. And they went back and told the rest, but they did not believe them.” (16:12-13)”
A. INFERENCE: “He is here said to have appeared to them in another form, in another dress than what he usually wore.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “These two witnesses gave their testimony to this proof of Christ’s resurrection; they returned and reported it to the rest. ” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Being satisfied themselves, they were desirous to give their brothers the satisfaction they had, that they might be comforted as they were.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “This did not gain credit with all; they did not believe them either.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Now there was a wise providence in it, that the proofs of Christ’s resurrection were given in gradually, and admitted cautiously.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “We have the more reason to believe those who did themselves believe so slowly: had the swallowed it quickly, they might have been thought credulous, and their testimony the less to be taken seriously; but their disbelieving at first, shows that they did not believe it afterward but with full conviction.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Believe.

IV. KEY TEXT (The Great Commission): “Afterward he appeared to the eleven themselves as they were reclining at table, and he rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen. And he said to them, ‘Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.” (16:14-15)
A. INFERENCE: “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned. And these signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will cast out demons; they will speak in new tongues; they will pick up serpents with their hands; and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not hurt them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will recover.” (16:16-18)
1. FINDINGS: “So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the message by accompanying signs.” (16:19-20)
2. CRITERIA: “After the Lord had spoken he went up into heaven. Sitting is a posture of rest, he had finished his work; and a posture of rule, he took possession of his kingdom. He sat at the right hand of God, which denotes his sovereign dignity and universal power.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Thus far they had been sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, and were forbidden to go into the way of the Gentiles, or into any city of the Samaritans; but now they are authorized to go into all the world, and to preach the good news of Christ to all creation, to the Gentiles as well as to the Jews; to every human creature that is capable of receiving it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “These eleven men could not themselves preach it to all the world, much less to all creation; but they and the other disciples, with those who should afterward be added to them, must disperse themselves several ways, and, wherever they went, carry the gospel along with them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They must make it the business of their lives to send this good news up and down the world with all possible faithfulness and care, not as an amusement or entertainment, but as a solemn message from God to men, and an appointed means of making men happy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Set before the world life and death, good and evil. Now go and tell them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Luke 1:1, I. Dedication to Theophilus; II. Birth of John the Baptist Foretold; III. Birth of Jesus Foretold; IV. Mary Visits Elizabeth; V. Mary’s Song of Praise: The Magnificat; VI. Zechariah’s Prophecy

I. KEY TEXT (Dedication to Theophilus): “Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile a narrative of the things that have been accomplished among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word have delivered them to us, it seems good to me also , having followed all things closely for some time past, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, that you may have certainty concerning the things you have been taught.” (1:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “Luke will not write of things about which Christians may safely differ from one another, and hesitate within themselves; but the things which are, and ought to be surely believed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The doctrine of Christ is what the wisest and best of men have ventured their souls upon with confidence and satisfaction. And the great events whereon our hopes depend, have been recorded by those who were from the beginning eye-witnesses and ministers of the word, and who were perfected in their understanding of them through Divine inspiration.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “That our Lord should come into our race under special and supernatural conditions was as it should have been; but the historicity of this story largely rests on the careful investigations of “the beloved physician,” who was authenticated by Paul.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Luke was moved by the Holy Spirit to write this gospel.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “To give honour to them to whom honour is due.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “That the things he wrote of were things that were most surely believed among us, and therefore things which they ought to be instructed in. He will not write about things of dubious authenticity, but the things which are, and ought to be, most surely believed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “When things are written in order, we know better where to find them for our own use, and how to keep them for the benefit of others.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (Birth of John the Baptist Foretold): “In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, of the division of Abijah. And he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. And they were both righteous before God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and statutes of the Lord. But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and both were advanced in years.” (1:5-7)
A. INFERENCE: “Now while he was serving as priest before God when his division was on duty, according to the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. And Zechariah was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him. But the angel said to him, ‘Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth, for he will be great before the Lord. And he must not drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.” (1:8-15)
1. FINDINGS: “And he will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God, and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready for the Lord a people prepared.” (1:16-17)
2. CRITERIA: “And Zechariah said to the angel, ‘How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in years.'” (1:18)
3. CONDITION: “And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news.” (1:19)
4. CAUSE: “And behold, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.'” (1:20)
5. EFFECT: “And the people were waiting for Zechariah, and they were wondering at his delay in the temple. And when he came out, he was unable to speak to them, and they realized that he had seen a vision in the temple. And he kept making signs to them and remained mute. And when his time of service was ended, he went to his home. After these days his wife Elizabeth conceived, and for five months she kept herself hidden, saying, ‘Thus the Lord has done for me in the days when he looked on me, to take away my reproach among people.'” (1:21-25)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Expect the unexpected by faith.

III. KEY TEXT (Birth of Jesus Foretold): “In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. And he came to her and said, ‘Greetings, O favored one, the Lord is with you! But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and tried to discern what sort of greeting this might be. And the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in you womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.'” (1:26-33)
A. INFERENCE: “And Mary said to the angel, ‘How will this be, since I am a virgin?'” (1:34)
1. FINDINGS: “And the angel answered her, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy–the Son of God. And behold, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son, and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. For nothing will be impossible with God.'” (1:35-37)
2. CRITERIA: “And Mary said, ‘Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word.’ And the angel departed from her.” (1:38)
3. CONDITION: “Christ must be born miraculously. The angel’s address means only, Hail, thou that art the especially chosen and favored of the Most High, to attain the honor Jewish mothers have so long desired.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The angel then assured her that she had found favor with God, and would become the mother of a son whose name she should call Jesus, the Son of the Highest, one in a nature and perfection with the Lord God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Were we convinced of the huge mass of guilt that lies upon us, and the wrath that hangs over us for it, ready to fall upon us, it would be our continual thought, Is the Savior mine?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Expect the unexpected by faith.

IV. KEY TEXT (Mary Visits Elizabeth): “In those days Mary arose and went with haste into the hill country, to a town in Judah, and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit, and she exclaimed with a loud cry, ‘Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!” (1:39-42)
A. INFERENCE: “And why is this granted to me that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For behold, when the sound of your greeting came to my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment of what was spoken to her from the Lord.'” (1:43-45)
1. FINDINGS: “It is very good for those who have the work of grace begun in their souls, to communicate one to another. On Mary’s arrival, Elisabeth was conscious of the approach of her who was to be the mother of the great Redeemer. At the same time she was filled with the Holy Ghost, and under his influence declared that Mary and her expected child were most blessed and happy, as peculiarly honored of and dear to the Most High God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Mary, animated by Elisabeth’s address, and being also under the influence of the Holy Ghost, broke out into joy, admiration, and gratitude. She knew herself to be a sinner who needed a Savior, and that she could no otherwise rejoice in God than as interested in his salvation through the promised Messiah. Those who see their need of Christ, and are desirous of righteousness and life in him, he fills with good things, with the best things; and they are abundantly satisfied with the blessings he gives.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Zacharias lived in a Levitical city in the hill country of Judah. The narrative evidently implies that there had been no previous communication between the two women of what had happened. In their greeting both were led and taught of the Spirit.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Evidently Mary was living in close familiarity with the Scriptures. Often she had been deeply moved by their radiant promises, and had pleaded that God would at last help His people and send the Savior. Now that this blessing had come to her, she voiced her thanks, not only under the express inspiration of the Holy Spirit, but in the familiar expressions of Scripture.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Mary breaks out in a song of praise.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Praise the Lord.

IV. KEY TEXT (Mary’s Song of Praise: The Magnificat): “And Mary said, “My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, for he has looked on the humble estate of his servant. For behold, from now on all generations will call me blessed; for he who is mighty has done great things for me, and holy is his name. And his mercy is for those who fear him from generation to generation. He has shown strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of the their hearts; he has brought down the mighty from their thrones and exalted those of humble estate; he has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent away empty. He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy, as he spoke to the fathers, to Abraham and to his offspring forever.'” (1:46-55)
A. INFERENCE: “And Mary remained with her about three months and returned to her home.” (1:56)
1. FINDINGS: “This song is called the Magnificat, that being the first word in the Latin version. Wonder and praise, humility and exultation, adoration and congratulation-these colors chase one another in the heart of this jewel.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “We may suppose the blessed virgin to come in, very much fatigued with her journey; yet she forgets that, and is inspired with new life, and vigor, and joy, on the confirmation she here meets with of her faith” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Here are the expressions of joy and praise, and God alone the object of the praise and center of the joy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Her spirit rejoiced in the Lord, because of the kind things he had done for her.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “In him mercy is settled upon all who fear God, pardoning mercy, healing mercy, accepting mercy, crowning mercy, from generation to generation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those in whose hearts Christ is formed take more delight than they used to do in sitting alone and keeping silent.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (The Birth of John the Baptist): “Now the time came for Elizabeth to give birth, and she bore a son. And her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her. And on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child. And they would have called him Zechariah after his father, but his mother answered, ‘No; he shall be called John.’ And they said to her, ‘None of your relatives is called by this name.’ And they made signs to his father, inquiring what he wanted him to be called. And he asked for a writing tablet and wore, ‘His name is John.'” (1:57-63)
A. INFERENCE: “And they all wondered.” (1:63)
1. FINDINGS: “And immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he spoke, blessing God. ” (1:64)
2. CRITERIA: “And fear came on all the neighbors. And all these things were talked about through all the hill country of Judea, and all who heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, ‘What then will this child be? For the hand of the Lord was with him.” (1:65-66)
3. CONDITION: “He shall be called Johanan, or “Gracious,” because he shall bring in the gospel of Christ, wherein God’s grace shines most bright. Zacharias recovered his speech. Unbelief closed his mouth, and believing opened it again: he believes, therefore he speaks. When God opens our lips, our mouths must show forth his praise; and better be without speech, than not use it in praising God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: Zechariah lost his speech due to unbelief.
5. EFFECT: Zechariah regained his speech by following God’s will.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should observe the dealings of God, and wait the event.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Zechariah’s Prophecy): “And his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesized, saying, ‘Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he has visited and redeemed his people and has raided up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David, as he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets from of old, that we should be saved from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us; to show the mercy promised to our fathers and to remember his holy covenant, the oath that he swore to our father Abraham, to grant us that we, being delivered from the hand of our enemies, might serve him without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him all our days. And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways, to give knowledge of salvation to his people in the forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender mercy of our God, whereby the sunrise shall visit us from on high to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.” (1:67-79)
A. INFERENCE: “And the child grew and became strong in spirit, and he was in the wilderness until the day of his public appearance to Israel.” (1:80)
1. FINDINGS: “And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways, to give knowledge of salvation to his people in the forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender mercy of our God, whereby the sunrise shall visit us from on high to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.” (1:76-79)
2. CRITERIA: “Zacharias uttered a prophecy concerning the kingdom and salvation of the Messiah. The gospel brings light with it; in it the day dawns. In John the Baptist it began to break, and increased apace to the perfect day. The gospel is discovering; it shows that about which we were utterly in the dark; it is to give light to those that sit in darkness, the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. It is reviving; it brings light to those that sit in the shadow of death, as condemned prisoners in the dungeon. It is directing; it is to guide our feet in the way of peace, into that way which will bring us to peace at last, Romans 3:17.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “John gave proofs of strong faith, vigorous and holy affection, and of being above the fear and love of the world. Thus he ripened for usefulness; but he lived a retired life, till he came forward openly as the forerunner of the Messiah.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Let us follow peace with all men, as well as seek peace with God and our own consciences. And if it be the will of God that we live unknown to the world, still let us diligently seek to grow strong in the grace of Jesus Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Has the “dayspring from on high” visited our hearts and are our feet walking in the way of peace?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Know that the promised salvation is for our rescue from malice; it is our restoration to the favor of God; and it is a qualification for, and an encouragement to, the service of God” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Luke 2:1, I. The Birth of Jesus Christ; II. The Shepherds and the Angels; III. Jesus Presented at the Temple; IV. The Return to Nazareth; V. The Boy Jesus in the Temple

I. KEY TEXT (The Birth of Jesus Christ): “In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria. And all went to be registered, each to his own town. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and linage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child.” (2:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “And while they were there, the time came for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.” (2:6-7)
1. FINDINGS: “The fullness of time was now come, when God would send forth his Son, made of a woman, and made under the law. The circumstances of his birth were very mean. Christ was born at an inn; he came into the world to sojourn here for awhile, as at an inn, and to teach us to do likewise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “We are become by sin like an outcast infant, helpless and forlorn; and such a one was Christ. He well knew how unwilling we are to be meanly lodged, clothed, or fed; how we desire to have our children decorated and indulged; how apt the poor are to envy the rich, and how prone the rich to disdain the poor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But when we by faith view the Son of God being made man and lying in a manger, our vanity, ambition, and envy are checked. We cannot, with this object rightly before us, seek great things for ourselves or our children.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The manger bed and its precious occupant are among the most cherished memories of our childhood; but as we come there in later life, the wonder ever grows. “Great is the mystery of godliness; God was manifest in the flesh,” 1 Timothy 3:16.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “What company we meet there! Shepherds with their naïve wonder; angels from the realms of glory; wise men with their gifts; aged saints like Simeon and Anna, Surely the desire of all nations is here! Let us ask that the Lord of glory will condescend to be born in the mean stable of our heart, transforming it into a palace!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “What can He not do for us and His Church!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (The Shepherds and the Angels): “And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were filled with fear.” (2:8-9)
A. INFERENCE: “And the angel said to them, ‘Fear not, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger.'” (2:10-12)
1. FINDINGS: “And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, ‘Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!'” (2:13-14)
2. CRITERIA: “When the angels went away from them into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, ‘Let us go over to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us.’ And they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby lying in a manger.” (2:15-16)
3. CONDITION: “And when they saw it, they made known the saying that had been told them concerning this child. And all who heard it wondered at what the shepherds told them.” (2:17-18)
4. CAUSE: “But Mary treasured up all these things, pondering them in her heart. And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all they had heard and seen, as it had been told them.” (2:19-21)
5. EFFECT: “And at the end of eight days, when he was circumcised, he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.” (2:21)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Note that just as Jesus was named before he was conceived, our names are in the Lamb’s Book of Life since before the foundation of the world.

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Presented at the Temple): “And when the time came for their purification according to the Law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, ‘Every male who first opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord’) and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the Law of the Lord, a pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.'” (2:22-24)
A. INFERENCE: “Now there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. And he came in the Spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the Law, he took him up in his arms and blessed God and said,” (2:25-28)
1. FINDINGS: “‘Lord, now you are letting your servant depart in peace, according to your word; for my eyes have seen your salvation that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to your people Israel.'” (2:29-32)
2. CRITERIA: “And his father and his mother marveled at what was said about him. And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, ‘Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed (and a sword will pierce through your own soul also), so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.'” (2:33-35)
3. CONDITION: “And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from when she was a virgin, and then as a widow until she was eighty-four. She did not depart from the temple, worshiping with fasting and prayer night and day. And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God and to speak of him to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.” (2:36-38)
4. CAUSE: The Law of the Lord. (2:24)
5. EFFECT: “And when they had performed everything according to the Law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth. And the child grew and became strong, filled with wisdom. And the favor of God was upon him.” (2:39-40)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those to whom Christ is made known, have great reason to thank the Lord.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: (The Boy Jesus in the Temple) “Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to custom. And when the feast was ended as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents did not know it, but supposing him to be in the group they went a day’s journey, but then they began to search for him among their relatives and acquaintances, and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, searching for him.” (2:41-45)
A. INFERENCE: “After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.” (2:46-47)
1. FINDINGS: “And when his parents saw him, they were astonished. And his mother said to him, ‘Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been searching for you in great distress.’ And he said to them, ‘Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” (2:48-49)
2. CRITERIA: “And they did not understand the saying that he spoke to them. And he went down with them and came to Nazareth and was submissive to them. And his mother treasured up all these things in her heart.” (2:50-51)
3. CONDITION: “And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man.” (2:52)
4. CAUSE: “Those that would recover their lost acquaintance with Christ, must go to the place in which he has put his name; there they may hope to meet him. They found him in some part of the temple, where the doctors of the law kept their schools; he was sitting there, hearkening to their instructions, proposing questions, and answering inquiries, with such wisdom, that those who heard were delighted with him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The greatest and wisest, those most eminent, may learn of this admirable and Divine Child, that it is the truest greatness of soul to know our own place and office; to deny ourselves amusements and pleasures not consistent with our state and calling.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Other children show the corruption of their nature; nothing but the grace of God was upon him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Luke 3:1, I. John the Baptist Prepares the Way; II. The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

I. KEY TEXT: (John the Baptist Prepares the Way) “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.” (3:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.” (3:3)
1. FINDINGS: “As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, ‘The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough places shall become level ways, and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.'” (3:4-6)
2. CRITERIA: “He said therefore to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bear fruits in keeping with repentance. And do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham. Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.” (3:7-9)
3. CONDITION: “And the crowds asked him, ‘What then shall we do?’ And he answered them, ‘Whoever has two tunics is to share with him who has none, and whoever has food is to do likewise. Tax collectors also came to be baptized and said to him, ‘Teacher, what shall we do?’ And he said to them, ‘Collect no more than you are authorized to do.’ Soldiers also asked him, ‘And we, what shall we do? And he said to them, ‘Do not extort money from anyone by threats or by false accusation, and be content with your wages.'” (3:10-14)
4. CAUSE: “As the people were in expectation, and all were questioning in their hearts concerning John, whether he might be the Christ, John answered them all, saying, ‘I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.'” (3:15-17)
5. EFFECT: “So with many other exhortations he preached good news to the people. But Herod the tetrarch, who had been reproved by him for Herodias, his brother’s wife, and for all the evil things that Herod had done, added this to them all, that he locked up John in prison. Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heavens were opened, and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, ‘You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.'” (3:21-22)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Listen for the voice of God.

II. KEY TEXT: (The Genealogy of Jesus Christ) “Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.” (3:23-38)
A. INFERENCE: “Matthew’s list of the forefathers of Jesus showed that Christ was the son of Abraham, in whom all the families of the earth are blessed, and heir to the throne of David; but Luke shows that Jesus was the Seed of the woman that should break the serpent’s head, and traces the line up to Adam, beginning with Eli, or Heli, the father, not of Joseph, but of Mary.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The seeming differences between the two evangelists in these lists of names have been removed by learned men. But our salvation does not depend upon our being able to solve these difficulties, nor is the Divine authority of the Gospels at all weakened by them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The list of names ends thus, “Who was the son of Adam, the son of God;” that is, the offspring of God by creation. Christ was both the son of Adam and the Son of God, that he might be a proper Mediator between God and the sons of Adam, and might bring the sons of Adam to be, through him, the sons of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “All flesh, as descended from the first Adam, is as grass, and withers as the flower of the field; but he who partakes of the Holy Spirit of life from the Second Adam, has that eternal happiness, which by the gospel is preached unto us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: ““The word of God came unto John the Baptist… and he came.” That is the true order. Get your message and then come. It is often in the wilderness of life that God’s words find us. The man who is going to master men must first master the appetites of his own body. If you seek popularity, you will lose it; if you seek to do God’s will, men will almost certainly come to find you.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Souls require a clear pane of glass, when they look out on the infinite expanse of the sky! Be real!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Live at first-hand with eternal truth! Fear not the face of man!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Week #129; Wed. Jun 17; Luke 4-7

Week #129; Wed, Jun 17: Luke 4:1-7:50

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Luke 4:1, I. The Temptation of Jesus; II. Jesus Begins His Ministry; III. Jesus Rejected at Nazareth; IV. Jesus Heals a Man with an Unclean Demon; V. Jesus Heals Many; VI. Jesus Preaches in Synagogues

I. KEY TEXT (The Temptation of Jesus): “And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry.” (4:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “The devil said to him, ‘If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.” And the devil took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, and said to him, ‘To you I will give all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will. If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’ And he took him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, ‘If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, for it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’ and ‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.”” (4:3-12)
1. FINDINGS: “And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from him until and opportune time.” (4:13)
2. CRITERIA: “‘It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone.’ ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’ ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'” (4:4, 8, 12)
3. CONDITION: “After Satan’s failure to cause the Lord Jesus to depart from Scripture, he seeks to tempt Him by Scripture. However, Satan misquotes it in omitting the phrase ‘in all your ways’ (Ps. 91:11). The Lord’s ways were those marked out for Him in perfect dependence upon His Father’s will (Heb. 10:7, 9).” (C. I. Scofield Study System)
4. CAUSE: “As the waters of the Jordan bisect the Holy Land, so does our Lord’s baptism bisect His holy life. In that act He had identified Himself with the world’s sin; and now, as the High Priest who was to deal with sin and sinners, He must be ‘in all points’ tempted and tested ‘like as we are.'” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “He took into the wilderness a perfect humanity of flesh and blood, made in all points like His brethren, though without sin. He elected to fight His great fight, not by the use of the divine attributes, but as Son of man. Where the first Adam fell, the second must stand. First, He could not use His native power for His own gratification. Second, He would abide strictly within the limitations of the world He had entered, (Heb. 2:16-17). Third, He would win His kingdom by the Cross.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The word of God is our sword, and faith in that word is our shield. We should reject at once and with abhorrence, every opportunity of sinful gain or advancement, as a price offered for our souls; we should seek riches, honors, and happiness in the worship and service of God only. Let not any abuse of Scripture by Satan or by men abate our esteem, or cause us to abandon its use; but let us study it still, seek to know it, and seek our defense from it in all kinds of assaults. Though Satan depart for a season, we shall never be out of his reach till removed from this present evil world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Begins His Ministry): “And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country. And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.” (4:14-15)
A. INFERENCE: “Having defended himself against the devil’s assaults, he now begins to take the offensive, and to make those attacks against him, by his preaching and miracles, which he could not resist or repel.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ taught in their synagogues, their places of public worship, where they met to read, expound, and apply the word, to pray and praise. All the gifts and graces of the Spirit were upon him and on him, without measure. By Christ, sinners may be loosed from the bonds of guilt, and by his Spirit and grace from the bondage of corruption. He came by the word of his gospel, to bring light to those that sat in the dark, and by the power of his grace, to give sight to those that were blind.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “He was not to wait for a call from men, for he had light and life in himself.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Now, at first he met with no contempt or contradiction; all praised him, and there were none as yet who vilified him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “News about him spread through the whole countryside (and it was good news).” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “. . . for everyone praised him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: It’s not how we read the Bible; it’s how the Bible reads us–what would we do?

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Rejected at Nazareth): “And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written, ‘The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.'” (4:14-19)
A. INFERENCE: “And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him.” (4:20)
1. FINDINGS: “And he began to say to them, ‘Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.'” (4:21)
2. CRITERIA: “The Year of the Lord’s favor.” (Isaiah 61:1, 2)
3. CONDITION: “And all spoke well of him and marveled at the gracious words that were coming from his mouth. And they said, ‘Is not this Joseph’s son?’ And he said to them, ‘Doubtless you will quote to me this proverb, ‘Physician, heal yourself.’ ‘What we have heard you did at Capernaum, do here in your hometown as well.’ And he said, ‘Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown. But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land, and Elijah was sent to none of them but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.’ When they heard these things, all in the synagogue were filled with wrath. And they rose up and drove him out of the town and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff. But passing through their midst, he went away.” (4:22-30)
4. CAUSE: “There was a providence in it, that the portion of scripture should be read that day which speaks so very plainly of the Messiah.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “This text gives a full account of what Christ undertook, and the work he came into the world to do.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It now began to be fulfilled in Christ’s commencing his public ministry.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume) We are to set our course based on his lead.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Man with an Unclean Demon): “And he went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath, and they were astonished at his teaching for his word possessed authority.” (4:31-32)
A. INFERENCE: “And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, ‘Ha! What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are–the Holy One of God.'” (4:33-34)
1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus rebuked him, saying, ‘Be silent and come out of him!’ And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he came out of him, having done him no harm.” (4:35)
2. CRITERIA: “Evidently our Lord was not only “seen of angels,” but closely watched by the fallen spirits, who beheld His every act and listened to every word. What a remarkable verdict was that given in Luke 4:34! Those who know most of evil are most certain of the ultimate woe which awaits its votaries; and they know genuine goodness when they meet it.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And they were all amazed and said to one another, ‘What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!” (4:36)
4. CAUSE: “Our Lord had overcome the prince of demons, and could therefore command His household.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “And reports about him went out into every place in the surrounding region.” (4:37)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need to be delivered from the fever of passion, caught in the low-lying marshes of our lives; to have Christ’s hands laid upon our sicknesses and wounds; to be delivered from evil things that haunt our hearts. Then we must help Him in similar services to others.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals Many): “And he arose and left the synagogue and entered Simon’s house. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was ill with a high fever, and they appealed to him on her behalf.” (4:38)
A. INFERENCE: “And he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and immediately she rose and began to serve them. (4:39)
1. FINDINGS: “Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. And demons also came out of many crying, ‘You are the Son of God!’ But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.” (4:40-41)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ’s preaching much affected the people; and a working power went with it to the consciences of men. These miracles showed Christ to be a controller and conqueror of Satan, a healer of diseases. Where Christ gives a new life, in recovery from sickness, it should be a new life, spent more than ever in his service, to his glory.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He cast the devils out of many who were possessed. We were not sent into this world to live to ourselves only, but to glorify God, and to do good in our generation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “He will continue with us, by his word and Spirit, and extend the same blessings to other nations, till, throughout the earth, the servants and worshippers of Satan are brought to acknowledge him as the Christ, the Son of God, and to find redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In after years the evil spirit cried out, “Jesus I know,” (Acts 19:15). Evidently our Lord was not only “seen of angels,” but closely watched by the fallen spirits, who beheld His every act and listened to every word. What a remarkable verdict was that given in Luke 4:34!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our business should be to spread abroad Christ’s fame in every place, to beseech him in behalf of those diseased in body or mind, and to use our influence in bringing sinners to him, that his hands may be laid upon them for their healing.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Preaches in Synagogues): “And when it was day, he departed and went into a desolate place.” (4:42)
A. INFERENCE: “And the people sought him and came to him, and would have kept him from leaving them, but he said to them, . . .” (4:42)
1. FINDINGS: “. . . I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns as well; for I was sent for this purpose.’ And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea.” (4:43)
2. CRITERIA: “The people sought him, and came unto him. A desert is no desert, if we are with Christ there.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And he was preaching in in the synagogues of Judea.” (4:44)
4. CAUSE: “He will continue with us, by his word and Spirit, and extend the same blessings to other nations, till, throughout the earth, the servants and worshippers of Satan are brought to acknowledge him as the Christ, the Son of God, and to find redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Those who know most of evil are most certain of the ultimate woe which awaits its votaries; and they know genuine goodness when they meet it. Our Lord had overcome the prince of demons, and could therefore command His household.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need to be delivered from the fever of passion, caught in the low-lying marshes of our lives; to have Christ’s hands laid upon our sicknesses and wounds; to be delivered from evil things that haunt our hearts. Then we must help Him in similar services to others. But if He must have His quiet prayer times, so must we, Luke 4:42.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Luke 5:1, I. Jesus Calls the First Disciples; II. Jesus Cleanses a Leper; III. Jesus Heals a Paralytic; IV. Jesus Calls Levi; V. A Question About Fasting

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Calls the First Disciples): “On one occasion, while the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret, and he saw two boats by the lake, but the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing their nets.” (5:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Getting into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, he asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down and taught the people from the boat.” (5:3)
1. FINDINGS: “And when he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.’ And Simon answered, ‘Master, we toiled all night and took nothing! But at your word I will let down the nets.’ And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish, and their nets were breaking.” (5:4-6)
2. CRITERIA: “They signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink.” (5:7)
3. CONDITION: “But when Simon Peter saw it he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, ‘Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.’ For he and all who were with him were astonished at the catch of fish that they had taken, and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, ‘Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men.'” (5:8-10)
4. CAUSE: “And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him.” (5:11)
5. EFFECT: Gone fishing!
6. RECOMMENDATION: Go fish!

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Cleanses a Leper): “While he was in one of the cities, there came a man full of leprosy. And when he saw Jesus, he fell on his face and begged him, ‘Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.'” (5:12)
A. INFERENCE: “This man is said to be full of leprosy; he had that distemper in a high degree, which represents our natural pollution by sin; we are full of that leprosy; from the crown of the head to the sole of the foot there is no soundness in us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, ‘I will; be clean.’ And he charged him to tell no one, but ‘go and show yourself to the priest, and make an offering for your cleansing, as Moses commanded, for a proof to them.'” (5:13-14)
2. CRITERIA: “Speak not as doubting, but as humbly referring the matter to Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But now even more the report about him went abroad, and great crowds gathered to hear him and to be healed of their infirmities.” (5:15)
4. CAUSE: “And being saved from the guilt and power of our sins, let us spread abroad Christ’s fame, and bring others to hear him and to be healed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But he would withdraw to desolate places and pray.” (5:16)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Jesus did not hesitate to touch the leper, because He could no more be polluted by uncleanness than could a ray of light by passing through a fetid atmosphere. The question is never in can or will, as applied to Christ, but whether WE will trust Him and can believe.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Paralytic): “On one of those days, as he was teaching, Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was with him to heal.” (5:17)
A. INFERENCE: “And behold, some men were bringing on a bed a man who was paralyzed, and they were seeking to bring him in and lay him before Jesus, but finding no way to bring him in, because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down with his bed through the tiles into the midst before Jesus.” (5:18-19)
1. FINDINGS: “And when he saw their faith, he said, ‘Man, your sins are forgiven you.” (5:20)
2. CRITERIA: “How many are there in our assemblies, where the gospel is preached, who do not sit under the word, but sit by! It is to them as a tale that is told them, not as a message that is sent to them. Observe the duties taught and recommended to us by the history of the paralytic. In applying to Christ, we must be very pressing and urgent; that is an evidence of faith, and is very pleasing to Christ, and prevailing with him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And the scribes and the Pharisees began to question, saying, ‘Who is this who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God alone?’ When Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answered them, ‘Why do you question in your hearts? Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you, ‘ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’?” (5:21-23)
4. CAUSE: “‘But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins’–he said to the man who was paralyzed–‘I say to you, rise, pick up your bed and go home.'” (5:24)
5. EFFECT: “And immediately he rose up before them and picked up what he had been lying on and went home, glorifying God. And amazement seized them all, and they glorified God and were filled with awe, saying, ‘We have seen extraordinary things today.'” (5:25-26)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Give us, Lord, the same kind of faith with respect to thy ability and willingness to heal our souls. Give us to desire the pardon of sin more than any earthly blessing, or life itself. Enable us to believe thy power to forgive sins; then will our souls cheerfully arise and go where thou pleasest.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Calls Levi): “After this he went out and saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the tax booth. And he said to him, ‘Follow me.’ And leaving everything, he rose and followed him.” (5:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “And Levi made him a great feast in his house, and there was a large company of tax collectors and others reclining at table with them. And the Pharisees and the scribes grumbled at his disciples, saying, ‘Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?'” (5:29-30)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answered them, ‘Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.” (5:31)
2. CRITERIA: “I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.” (5:32)
3. CONDITION: “It was a wonder of Christ’s grace, that he would call a publican to be his disciple and follower. It was a wonder of his grace, that the call was made so effectual. It was a wonder of his grace, that he came to call sinners to repentance, and to assure them of pardon. It was a wonder of his grace, that he so patiently bore the contradiction of sinners against himself and his disciples. It was a wonder of his grace, that he fixed the services of his disciples according to their strength and standing.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Lord trains up his people gradually for the trials allotted them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “At first the bed bore the paralytic, but after the power of Jesus had entered into him, he bore the bed. So Jesus pours His energy into our anemic natures, and we master what had mastered us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We should copy his example in dealing with the weak in faith, or the tempted believer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (A Question About Fasting): “And they said to him, ‘The disciples of John fast often and offer prayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink.'” (5:33)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to them, ‘Can you make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.'” (5:34-35)
1. FINDINGS: “He also told them a parable: ‘No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment. If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old. And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed. But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins.” (5:36-38)
2. CRITERIA: “And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.'” (5:39)
3. CONDITION: “Let us not cling to the broken bottle-skins of the past, whether they be out-worn ceremonies, creeds or formulations of truth. Let the ferment of each great religious movement and new era express itself in its own way.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “But if the bottle-skins have evidently served their purpose and lie discarded on the ground, that will not affect the vintage, which is reddening on the hills.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Go and pick the fruit God is giving you, place it carefully in baskets and let it have new skins.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We must not encourage the ill-judged speed of those who want to force the pace, and fling away the bottle-skins before they are done with.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Luke 6:1, I. Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath; II. A Man With a Withered Hand; III. The Twelve Apostles; IV. Jesus Ministers to a Great Multitude; V. The Beatitudes; VI. Jesus Pronounces Woes; VII. Love Your Enemies; VIII. Judging Others; IX. A Tree and Its Fruit; X. Build Your House on the Rock

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath): “On a Sabbath, while he was going through the grainfields, his disciples plucked and ate some heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands.” (6-1:)
A. INFERENCE: “But some of the Pharisees said, ‘Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?” (6:2)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answered them, ‘Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: how he entered the house of God and took and ate the bread of the Presence, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat, and also gave it to those with him?’ And he said to them, ‘The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.'” (6:3-5)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ justifies his disciples in a work of necessity for themselves on the Sabbath day, and that was plucking the ears of corn when they were hungry. But we must take heed that we mistake not this liberty for leave to commit sin.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ will have us to know and remember that it is his day, therefore to be spent in his service, and to his honor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Here is a proof of the lawfulness of works of necessity and mercy on the Sabbath day, the former in vindication of his disciples’ plucking the heads of grain, the latter in vindication of himself healing the withered hand on that day.”” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “In the kingdom of the Redeemer, the Sabbath day is to be turned into a Lord’s day. As a sign of this, it shall not only have a new name, the Lord’s day, but shall be transferred to a new day, the first day of the week.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Works of necessity are particularly allowable on the Sabbath day.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (A Man With a Withered Hand): “On another Sabbath, he entered the synagogue and was teaching, and a man was there whose right hand was withered. And the scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might find a reason to accuse him.” (6:6-7)
A. INFERENCE: “But he knew their thoughts, and he said to the man with the withered hand, ‘Come and stand here.’ And he rose and stood there.” (6:8)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to them, ‘I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?’ And after looking around at them all he said to him, ‘Stretch out your hand.’ And he did so, and his hand was restored.” (6:9-10)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ was neither ashamed nor afraid to own the purposes of his grace. He healed the poor man, though he knew that his enemies would take advantage against him for it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But they were filled with fury and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.” (6:11)
4. CAUSE: “Let us not be drawn either from our duty or from our usefulness by any opposition. We may well be amazed, that the sons of men should be so wicked.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Christ was not destroying religion, but freeing it from the formalist.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The grave question today is, whether, in our revolt from Puritan strictness in observing Sunday, we have not gone to the other extreme. The Church of God will have to stand for God’s day, not only for God’s sake, but for the sake of the masses, who are menaced by a seven-days’ working week. The Sabbath was made for man; he needs it. If God made it for him, let God’s children preserve it.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Twelve Apostles): “In these days he went out to the mountain to pray, and all night he continued in prayer to God. And when day came, he called his disciples and chose from them twelve, whom he named apostles: Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.” (6:12-15)
A. INFERENCE: “The twelve apostles are here named; never were men so privileged, yet one of them had a devil, and proved a traitor. Those who have not faithful preaching near them, had better travel far than be without it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “There are three circles here: First, Christ and His Apostles-the men who were to be sent into all the world to preach the gospel and to lay the foundations of the Church. How little did these single men imagine that one day their names would become inscribed on the foundation stones of the New Jerusalem!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The next circle is that of the disciples, Luke 6:17. You must be a disciple before you can be an apostle. You must learn, if you are to teach. You must sit at the feet of Jesus, till some day He calls you out from the class and commissions you to the world. The sheep becomes a shepherd.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The third great outer rim is the poor, needy world. What a gathering of sick folk! But if only people knew the distempers of their soul-life they would gather with equal eagerness to Jesus. How wonderful that secret touch! Luke 6:19. But many still touch Him in the press!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “All the people, one way or other, the better for him: he healed them all; and who is there who does not need, for some reason or other, to be healed?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “There is a fullness of grace in Christ, that is enough for all, enough for each.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Get his full grace.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Ministers to a Great Multitude): “And he came down with them and stood on a level place, with a great crowd of his disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases. And those who were troubled with unclean spirits were cured. And all the crowd sought to touch him, for power came out from him and healed them all.” (6:17-19)
A. INFERENCE: “It is indeed worth while to go a great way to hear the word of Christ, and to go out of the way of other business for it. They came to be cured by him, and he healed them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “There is a fullness of grace in Christ, and healing virtue in him, ready to go out from him, that is enough for all, enough for each.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “No, it should seem, those who had no particular diseases to complain of yet found it a great confirmation and renovation to their bodily health and vigor to partake of the power that was coming from him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: All were healed.
4. CAUSE: “Power came out from him . . .” (6:19)
5. EFFECT: “. . . and he healed them all.” (6:19)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be disposed toward Christ.

V. KEY TEXT (The Beatitudes): “And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said: ‘Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.’ ‘Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you shall be satisfied.’ ‘Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.’ ‘Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil, on account of the Son of Man!’ ‘Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven; for so their fathers did to the prophets.'” (6:20-23)
A. INFERENCE: “Here begins a discourse of Christ, most of which is also found in Matthew 5-7 (The Sermon on the Mount). But some think that this was preached at another time and place. All believers that take the precepts of the gospel to themselves, and live by them, may take the promises of the gospel to themselves, and live upon them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “There he sat, as one having authority; there they came to him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “You are treated as the prophets were before you, and therefore not only need not be ashamed of it, but may justly rejoice in it. You will for this be abundantly recompenses. Your reward is great in heaven.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Though you may be losers for Christ, you shall not be losers by him in the end.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: The earth is not the place to invest.
5. EFFECT: Focus your investments on heavenly places.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is the folly of carnal worldings that they make the things of this world their consolation, which were intended only for their convenience.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Pronounces Woes): “‘But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation.’ ‘Woe to you who are full now, for you shall be hungry.’ ‘Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.’ ‘Woe to you, when all people speak well of you, for so their fathers did to the false prophets.” (6:24-26)
A. INFERENCE: “Woes are denounced against prosperous sinners as miserable people, though the world envies them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Those are blessed indeed whom Christ blesses, but those must be dreadfully miserable who fall under his woe and curse!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “What a vast advantage will the saint have over the sinner in the other world! and what a wide difference will there be in their rewards, how much soever the sinner may prosper, and the saint be afflicted here!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It should seem, the best exposition of these woes, compared with the previous blessings, is the parable of the rich man and Lazarus. Here is a woe to them who are rich, that is, who trust in riches; woe to them, for they have already received their comfort, that which they placed their happiness in.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The folly of carnal worldings.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They please themselves with them and to them the consolations, of God are small, and of no account.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Take praise from all lightly.

VII. KEY TEXT (Love Your Enemies): “But I say to you who hear, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. To one who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also, and from one who takes away you cloak do not withhold your tunic either. Give to everyone who begs from you, and from one who takes away your goods do not demand them back. And as you wish that others would do to you, do so to them.” (6:27-31)
A. INFERENCE: “If you love those who love you, what benefit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. And if you do good to those who do good to you, what benefit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to get back the same amount. But love you enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return, and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, for he is kind to the ungrateful and the evil. Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful.” (6:32-36)
1. FINDINGS: “These are hard lessons to flesh and blood. But if we are thoroughly grounded in the faith of Christ’s love, this will make his commands easy to us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Every one that comes to him for washing in his blood, and knows the greatness of the mercy and the love there is in him, can say, in truth and sincerity, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Luke’s version of the Sermon on the Mount differs from that of Matthew, only as each views the great discourse from his own standpoint. By one it is viewed as the manifesto of the King; by the other, as the proclamation of “the Man Christ Jesus” to man.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Notice the secret of blessedness! Here is the draught-sketch of a life of abounding blessing, overflowing with mercy and lovingkindness. With what measure we mete out our love to men, they will measure back their love to us, using our own measures for the purpose.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Each of these Beatitudes is a gateway into blessedness. It is not that blessedness is the reward of virtue, but it is the necessary and invariable result. Only we must be good, because it is right and God-pleasing to be so, and the blessedness will be as natural as the bloom on the peach.
” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us then aim to be merciful, even according to the mercy of our heavenly Father to us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VIII. KEY TEXT (Judging Others): “Judge not, and you will not be judged; condemn not, and you will not be condemned; forgive, and you will be forgiven; give, and it will be given to you. Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be put into you lap. For with the measure you use it will be measured back to you.” (6:37-38)
A. INFERENCE: “He also told them a parable: ‘Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher. Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye, when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.” (6:39-42)
1. FINDINGS: “All these sayings Christ often used; it was easy to apply them. We ought to be very careful when we blame others; for we need allowance ourselves. If we are of a giving and a forgiving spirit, we shall ourselves reap the benefit.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Though full and exact returns are made in another world, not in this world, yet Providence does what should encourage us in doing good. Those who follow the multitude to do evil, follow in the broad way that leads to destruction. The tree is known by its fruits; may the word of Christ be so grafted in our hearts, that we may be fruitful in every good word and work.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And what the mouth commonly speaks, generally agrees with what is most in the heart. Those only make sure work for their souls and eternity, and take the course that will profit in a trying time, who think, speak, and act according to the words of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Those who take pains in religion, found their hope upon Christ, who is the Rock of Ages, and other foundation can no man lay.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In death and judgment they are safe, being kept by the power of Christ through faith unto salvation, and they shall never perish.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We need to look at home first, before we essay to judge or condemn others. It is blundering waste to deal with other people’s eyes if you have a defect in yours. Colorblind men ought not to run trains. Speech betrayeth men; what they say, that they are. The man who is quickest to judge and discuss the faults of another does so because of his own experience of the same sin. How else could he know so much about it?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IX. KEY TEXT (A Tree and Its Fruit): “For no good tree bears bad fruit, nor again does a bad tree bear good fruit, for each tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from thornbushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush. The good person out of the good treasure of his heart produces good, and the evil person out of his evil treasure produces evil, for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.” (6:43-45)
A. INFERENCE: “All these sayings Christ often used; it was easy to apply them. We ought to be very careful when we blame others; for we need allowance ourselves. If we are of a giving and a forgiving spirit, we shall ourselves reap the benefit. Though full and exact returns are made in another world, not in this world, yet Providence does what should encourage us in doing good. Those who follow the multitude to do evil, follow in the broad way that leads to destruction.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The tree is known by its fruits; may the word of Christ be so grafted in our hearts, that we may be fruitful in every good word and work. And what the mouth commonly speaks, generally agrees with what is most in the heart.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Those only make sure work for their souls and eternity, and take the course that will profit in a trying time, who think, speak, and act according to the words of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Those who take pains in religion, found their hope upon Christ, who is the Rock of Ages, and other foundation can no man lay.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “In death and judgment they are safe, being kept by the power of Christ through faith unto salvation, and they shall never perish.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The rock is not the Church, nor doctrine, nor even the Bible, but Christ (Isa. 28:16).” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “If the fruit is good, you may conclude that the tree is so; for each tree is recognized by its own fruit.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

X. KEY TEXT (Build Your House on the Rock): “Why do you call me “Lord, Lord, ‘ and not do what I tell you? Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and does them, I will show you what he is like: he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, the stream broke against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built. But the one who hears and does not do them is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. When the stream broke against it, immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.” (6:46-49)
A. INFERENCE: “It is insulting him to call him ‘Lord, Lord,’ if we do not set our hearts on conforming to his will.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “It is deceiving ourselves if we think that hearing the sayings of Christ will bring us to heaven, without doing them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “That those only do lasting work for their souls and eternity who do not only come to Christ as his students, and hear his sayings, but do them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “They are like a house built on a rock.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “They dig deep, who base their hope on Christ, who is the rock of ages.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They who do thus, do well for themselves.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Build your faith on THE ROCK.

Luke 7:1, I. Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant; II. Jesus Raises a Widow’s Son; III. Messengers from John the Baptist; IV. A Sinful Woman Forgiven

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant): “After he had finished all his sayings in the hearing of the people, he entered Capernaum. Now a centurion had a servant who was sick and at the point of death, who was highly valued by him. When the centurion heard about Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews, asking him to come and heal his servant. And when they came to Jesus, they pleaded with him earnestly, saying, ‘He is worthy to have you do this for him, for he loves our nation, and he is the one who built us our synagogue.'” (7:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus went with them. When he was not far from the house, the centurion sent friends, saying to him, ‘Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. Therefore I did not presume to come to you.” (7:6-7)
1. FINDINGS: “But say the word, and let my servant be healed. For I too am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me: and I say to one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.” (7:8)
2. CRITERIA: “When Jesus heard these things, he marveled at him, and turning to the crowd that followed him, said, ‘I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such faith.'” (7:9)
3. CONDITION: “And when those who had been sent returned to the house, they found the servant well.” (7:10)
4. CAUSE: “Faith.” (7:9)
5. EFFECT: “. . . they found the servant well.” (7:10)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Have faith in Jesus Christ.

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Raises a Widow’s Son): “Soon afterward he went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a great crowd went with him. As he drew near to the gate of the town, behold, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow, and a considerable crowd from the town was with her.” (7:11-12)
A. INFERENCE: “And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her and said to her, ‘Do not weep.’ Then he came up and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still.” (7:13-14)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said, ‘Young man, I say to you, arise.’ And the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother.” (7:14-15)
2. CRITERIA: “Fear seized them all, and they glorified God, saying, ‘A great prophet has arisen among us!’ and ‘God has visited his people!'” (7:16)
3. CONDITION: “And this report about him spread through the whole of Judea and all the surrounding country.” (7:17)
4. CAUSE: “When the Lord saw the poor widow following her son to the grave, he had compassion on her. See Christ’s power over death itself. The gospel call to all people, to young people particularly, is, Arise from the dead, and Christ shall give you light and life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When Christ put life into him, it appeared by the youth’s sitting up. Have we grace from Christ? Let us show it. He began to speak: whenever Christ gives us spiritual life, he opens the lips in prayer and praise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “When dead souls are raised to spiritual life, by Divine power going with the gospel, we must glorify God, and look upon it as a gracious visit to his people. Let us seek for such an interest in our compassionate Savior, that we may look forward with joy to the time when the Redeemer’s voice shall call forth all that are in their graves. May we be called to the resurrection of life, not to that of damnation.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Messengers from John the Baptist): “The disciples of John reported all these things to him. And John, calling two of his disciples to him, sent them to the Lord, saying, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?’ And when the men had come to him, they said, ‘John the Baptist has sent us to you, saying, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?'” (7:18-20)
A. INFERENCE: “In that hour he healed many people of diseases and plagues and evil spirits, and on many who were blind he bestowed sight.” (7:21)
1. FINDINGS: “And he answered them, ‘Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have good news preached to them. And blessed is the one who is not offended by me.'” (7:22-23)
2. CRITERIA: “When John’s messengers had gone, Jesus began to speak to the crowds concerning John: ‘What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who are dressed in splendid clothing and live in luxury are in kings’ courts. What then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.’ I tell you, among those born of women none is greater than John, Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.’ (When all the people heard this, and the tax collectors too, they declared God just, having been baptized with the baptism of John, but the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the purpose of God for themselves, not having been baptized by him.)” (7:24-30)
3. CONDITION: “To what then shall I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like? They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to one another, ‘We played the flute for you, and you did not dance; we sang a dirge, and you did not weep.’ For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners! Yet wisdom is justified by all her children.'” (7:31-35)
4. CAUSE: “To his miracles in the kingdom of nature, Christ adds this in the kingdom of grace, To the poor the gospel is preached. It clearly pointed out the spiritual nature of Christ’s kingdom, that the messenger he sent before him to prepare his way, did it by preaching repentance and reformation of heart and life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We have here the just blame of those who were not wrought upon by the ministry of John Baptist or of Jesus Christ himself. They made a jest of the methods God took to do them good. This is the ruin of multitudes; they are not serious in the concerns of their souls.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us study to prove ourselves children of Wisdom, by attending the instructions of God’s word, and adoring those mysteries and glad tidings which infidels and Pharisees deride and blaspheme.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (A Sinful Woman Forgiven): “One of the Pharisees asked him to eat with him, and he went into the Pharisees’ house and took his place at the table. And behold a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of ointment, and standing behind him at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears and wiped them with the hair of her head and kissed his feet and anointed them with the ointment.” (7:36-38)
A. INFERENCE: “Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, ‘If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner.'” (7:39)
1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus answering said to him, ‘Simon, I have something to say to you.’ And he answered, ‘Say it, Teacher.'” (7:40)
2. CRITERIA: “A certain moneylender had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. When they could not pay, he cancelled the debt of both. Now which of them will love him more? Simon answered, ‘The one, I suppose, for whom he cancelled the larger debt.’ And he said to him, ‘You have judged rightly.'” (7:41-43)
3. CONDITION: “Then turning toward the woman he said to Simon, ‘Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment.” (7:44-46)
4. CAUSE: “Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven–for she loved much. But he who is forgiven little, loves little.” (7:47)
5. EFFECT: “And he said to her, ‘Your sins are forgiven.’ Then those who were at table with him began to say among themselves, ‘Who is this, who even forgives sins? And he said to the woman, ‘Your faith has saved you; go in peace.'” (7:48-50)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The more we express our sorrow for sin, and our love to Christ, the clearer evidence we have of the forgiveness of our sins. What a wonderful change does grace make upon a sinner’s heart and life, as well as upon his state before God, by the full remission of all his sins through faith in the Lord Jesus!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Week #130; Wed. Jun 24; Luke 8–11

Week #130; Wed, Jun 24: Luke 8:1-11:54

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Luke 8:1, I. Women Accompanying Jesus; II. The Parable of the Sower; III. The Purpose of the Parables; IV. A Lamp Under a Jar; V. Jesus’ Mother and Brothers; VI. Jesus Calms a Storm; VII. Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon; VIII. Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter

I. KEY TEXT (Women Accompanying Jesus): “Soon afterward he went on through cities and villages, proclaiming and bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with him, and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod’s household manager, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their means.” (8:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “We are here told what Christ made the constant business of his life, it was teaching the gospel. Tidings of the kingdom of God are glad tidings, and what Christ came to bring.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Certain women attended upon him who ministered to him of their substance. It showed the mean condition to which the Savior humbled himself, that he needed their kindness, and his great humility, that he accepted it. Though rich, yet for our sakes he became poor.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “What Christ made the constant business of his life–it was the proclaiming the good news; in that work he was indefatigable, and went about doing good. (1) Where he preached: He travelled about. He was an itinerant preach, did not confine himself to one place, but diffused the beams of his light. He went about from one town and village to another, that none might plead ignorance. In this he set an example to his disciples; they must traverse the nations of the earth, as he did the cities of Israel. Nor did he confine himself to the cities, but went into the villages, among the plain country-people. (2) What he preached: He proclaimed the good news of the kingdom of God. News of the kingdom of God is glad news, and this Jesus Christ came to bring. It was good news to the world that there was hope of its being reformed and reconciled. (3) Who were his attendants: The twelve were with him to learn from him what and how to preach hereafter.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “From where he had the necessary supports of life: He lived off the kindness of his friends. There were women helping to support them out of their own means. Some of them are named; but there were many others.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume) Hitherto our Lord had made Capernaum His center; now He started on a circuit through the province of Galilee, going through its cities and villages in a systematic and leisurely manner. It must have been a great opportunity for the instruction of the Twelve in His doctrine and methods. (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “There were many of them who were helping to support them out of their own means.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Though he was rich, yet for our sakes he became poor, and lived on alms. Christ would rather be indebted to his known friends for a maintenance for himself and his disciples than be burdensome to strangers.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is the duty of those who are taught in the word to share all good things with their instructors.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Sower): “And when a great crowd was gathering and people from town after town came to him, he said in a parable: ‘A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell along the path and was trampled underfoot, and the birds of the air devoured it. And some fell on the rock, and as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up with it and choked it. And some fell into good soil and grew and yielded a hundredfold.’ As he said these things, he called out, ‘He who has ears to hear, let him hear.'” (8:4-8)
A. INFERENCE: “There are many very needful and excellent rules and cautions for hearing the word, in the parable of the sower, and the application of it. Happy are we, and for ever indebted to free grace, if the same thing that is a parable to others, with which they are only amused, is a plain truth to us, by which we are taught and governed. We ought to take heed of the things that will hinder our profiting by the word we hear; to take heed lest we hear carelessly and slightly, lest we entertain prejudices against the word we hear; and to take heed to our spirits after we have heard the word, lest we lose what we have gained.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The gifts we have, will be continued to us or not, as we use them for the glory of God, and the good of our brethren. Nor is it enough not to hold the truth in unrighteousness; we should desire to hold forth the word of life, and to shine, giving light to all around.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Great encouragement is given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work. Christ owns them as his relations.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “There is an advance in the stages of reception and growth, indicating the several phases of experience. The success or failure of gospel preaching is determined by the character of the soil. In every crowd there are the hardened, like the trodden path; the impulsive, like the thin layer of earth upon the rock; those with a heart divided by riches or cares, like the thorn encumbered soil; and those who receive with joy and bear fruit with patience.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Lord veiled His meaning in parables. Increased light would only add to the condemnation of disobedient hearers.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The heart of man is as soil to the seed of God’s word; it is capable of receiving it, and bringing forth the fruits of it; but, unless that seed is sown in it it will bring forth nothing valuable.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Our care therefore must be to bring the seed and the soil together.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (The Purpose of the Parables): “And when his disciples asked him what this parable meant, he said, ‘To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of God, but for others they are in parables, so that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’ Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. The ones along the path are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. And the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy. But these have no root; they believe for a while, and in time of testing fall away. And as for what fell among the thorns, they are those who hear, but as they go on their way they are choked by the cares and riches and pleasures of life, and their fruit does not mature. As for that in the good soil, they are those who, hearing the word, hold it fast in an honest and good heart, and bear fruit with patience.” (8:9-15)
A. INFERENCE: “The good ground, which brings forth good fruit, is a noble and good heart; a heart firmly set on God and duty, an upright heart, a tender heart, is an honest and good heart, which having heard the word, understands it, receives it, and retains it, as the soil not only receives, but keeps, the seed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “Where the word is well kept there is fruit brought forth by persevering. This also is added here; perseverance to continue to the end in well-doing.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “It is not enough that the fruit be brought forth, but it must be mature, it must be full ripened. If it is not, it is as if there was no fruit at all brought forth.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “The devil is a subtle and spiteful enemy. He takes the word out of the hearts of careless hearers, so they cannot believe and be saved.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The success of the sowing is very much according to the nature and temper of the soil.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “That therefore the devil does all he can to keep us from believing, to make us not believe the word when we read and hear it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: The seed is the Word of God; hold fast to His Word.

IV. KEY TEXT (A Lamp Under a Jar): “No one after lighting a lamp covers it with a jar or puts it under a bed, but puts it on a stand, so that those who enter may see the light. For nothing is hidden that will not be made manifest, nor is anything secret that will not be known and come to light. Take care then how you hear, for to the one who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he thinks that he has will be taken away.” (8:16-18)
A. INFERENCE: “Great encouragement is given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work. Christ owns them as his relations.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Inconsistency, unkindly words and acts, disobedience to our known duty will prevent our light from shining.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “If Christ has illumined your wick, see that you trust Him to find for you your stand, from which you may emit the clearest rays. You are lighted to shine!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The closest relationship to Jesus is not that of nature but of grace. To listen in your heart to God’s voice, to hear it in His Word and in Providence and then to do as it decrees, will bring you into the closest relationship with your Lord.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Ministers and Christians are to be lighted lamps.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Make use of your light for the glory of God” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “What is now hidden will shortly be disclosed and known.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus’ Mother and Brothers): “Then his mother and his brothers came to him, but they could not reach him because of the crowd. And he was told, ‘Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see you.’ But he answered them, “My mother and my brothers are those who hear the word of God and do it.” (8:19-20)
A. INFERENCE: “Great encouragement given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work, in a particular example of Christ’s respect to his disciples, in preferring them even above his nearest relations.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “Observe what crowding there was to follow Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “There was no coming near for the throng of people who attended him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Some of his nearest family were least anxious to hear him preach. Instead of getting inside, desiring to hear him, they stood outside, desiring to see him.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Jesus Christ would rather be busy at his work than conversing with his friends.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Christ is pleased to acknowledge those as his nearest and dearest relations who hear God’s word and put it into practice.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The closest relationship to Jesus is not that of nature but of grace. To listen in your heart to God’s voice, to hear it in His Word and in Providence and then to do as it decrees, will bring you into the closest relationship with your Lord.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Calms a Storm): “One day he got into a boat with his disciples, and he said to them, ‘Let us go across to the other side of the lake.’ So they set out, and as they sailed he fell asleep. And a windstorm came down on the lake, and they were filling with water and were in danger. And they went and woke him, saying, ‘Master, Master, we are perishing! And he awoke and rebuked the wind and the raging waves, and they ceased, and there was a calm. He said to them, ‘Where is you faith?’ And they were afraid, and they marveled, saying to one another, Who then is this, that he commands even winds and water, and they obey him?'” (8:22-25)
A. INFERENCE: “Those that put to sea in a calm, even at Christ’s word, must yet prepare for a storm, and for great peril in that storm.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)”
1. FINDINGS: “There is no relief for souls under a sense of guilt, and fear of wrath, but to go to Christ, and call him Master, and say, I am undone, if thou dost not help me.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “When our dangers are over, it becomes us to take to ourselves the shame of our own fears, and to give Christ the glory of our deliverance.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Oh what a comfort it is to the believer, that all the powers of darkness are under the control of the Lord Jesus!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It is a miracle of mercy, if those whom Satan possesses, are not brought to destruction and eternal ruin.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Be prepared for storms if you link your lives with Christ. But they cannot hurt you. Men and demons will rage against you; but there is a limit to their power. Jesus rules the waves. ‘The sea is His and He made it.’ If only you can include yourself and Christ in that pronoun we of Luke 8:24 you can never perish although there be as many demons against you as tiles on the house roofs.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Where is your faith?” (8:25) Know the answer–Jesus Christ!

VII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon): “Then they sailed to the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite Galilee. When Jesus had stepped out on land, there met him a man from the city who had demons. For a long time he had worn no clothes, and he had not lived in a house but among the tombs.” (8:26-27)
A. INFERENCE: “When he saw Jesus, he cried out and fell down before him and said with a loud voice, ‘What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg you, do not torment me.’ For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. (For many a time it had seized him. He was kept under guard and bound with chains and shackles, but he would break the bonds and be driven by the demon into the desert.)” (8:28-29)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus then asked him, ‘What is your name?’ And he said, ‘Legion,’ for many demons had entered him. And they begged him not to command them to depart into the abyss. Now a large herd of pigs was feeding there on the hillside, and they begged him to let them enter these. So he gave them permission. Then the demons came out of the man and entered the pigs, and the herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake and were drowned.” (8:30-33)
2. CRITERIA: “When the herdsmen saw what had happened, they fled and told it in the city and in the country. Then people went out to see what had happened, and they came to Jesus and found the man from whom the demons had gone, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid.” (8:34–35)
3. CONDITION: “And those who had seen it told them how the demon-possessed man had been healed. Then all the people of the surrounding country of the Gerasenes asked him to depart from them, for they were seized with great fear. So he got into the boat and returned.” (8:36-37)
4. CAUSE: “The man from whom the demons had gone begged that he might be with him, but Jesus sent him away, saying, . . .'” (8:38-39)
5. EFFECT: “. . .’Return to your home, and declare how much God has done for you.’ And he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city how much Jesus had done for him.” (8:38-39)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Proclaim, just proclaim. Don’t hold back. Different position here compared to others that were healed where he said not to tell anyone. [NOTE: Demons don’t die, so where did they go?]

VIII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter): “Now when Jesus returned, the crowd welcomed him, for they were all waiting for him. And there came a man named Jairus, who was a ruler of the synagogue. And falling at Jesus’ feet, he implored him to come to his house, and he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying.” (8:40-42)
A. INFERENCE: “As Jesus went, the people pressed around him. And there was a woman who had had a discharge of blood for twelve years, and though she had spent all her living on physicians, she could not be healed by anyone. She came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment, and immediately her discharge of blood ceased. And Jesus said, ‘Who was it that touched me?’ When all denied it, Peter said, ‘Master, the crowds surround you and are pressing in on you!’ But Jesus said, ‘Someone touched me, for I perceive that power has gone out from me.’ And when the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling, and falling down before him declared in the presence of all the people why she had touched him, and how she had been immediately healed. And he said to her, ‘Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace.'” (8:42-48)
1. FINDINGS: “While he was still speaking, someone from the ruler’s house came and said, ‘Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the Teacher any more.’ But Jesus on hearing this answered him, ‘Do not fear; only believe, and she will be well.'” (8:49-50)
2. CRITERIA: “And when he came to the house, he allowed no one to enter with him, except Peter and John and James, and the father and mother of the child.” (8:51)
3. CONDITION: “And all were weeping and mourning for her, but he said, ‘Do not weep, for she is not dead but sleeping.’ And they laughed at him, knowing that she was dead. But taking her by the hand he called, saying, ‘Child, arise.’ And her spirit returned, and she got up at once. And he directed that something should be given her to eat. And her parents were amazed, but he charged them to tell no one what had happened.” (8:52-56)
4. CAUSE: “Power has gone out from me (to the needy).” (8:46)
5. EFFECT: “The hand of Christ’s grace goes with the calls of his word, to make them effectual.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . ‘Do not fear, only believe . . . ‘” (8:50)

Luke 9:1, I. Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles; II. Herod is Perplexed by Jesus; III. Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand; IV. Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ; V. Jesus Foretells His Death; VI. Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus; VII. The Transfiguration; VIII. Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit; IX. Jesus Again Foretells His Death; X. Who Is the Greatest?; XI. Anyone Not Against Us Is For Us; XII. A Samaritan Village Rejects Jesus; XIII. The Cost of Following Jesus

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles): “As he called the twelve together and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal. And he said to them, ‘Take nothing for your journey, no staff, nor bag, nor bread, nor money; and do not have two tunics.’ And whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. And wherever they do not receive you, when you leave that town shake off the dust from your feet as a testimony against them.’ And they departed and went through the villages, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.” (9:1-6)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ sent his twelve disciples abroad, who by this time were able to teach others what they had received from the Lord. They must not be anxious to commend themselves to people’s esteem by outward appearance. They must go as they were.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The Lord Jesus is the fountain of power and authority, to whom all creatures must, in one way or another, be subject; and if he goes with the word of his ministers in power, to deliver sinners from Satan’s bondage, they may be sure that he will care for their wants.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “When truth and love thus go together, and yet the message of God is rejected and despised, it leaves men without excuse, and turns to a testimony against them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Galilean ministry was coming to a close. The light that had shone there was to move southward and set behind the Cross. Before finally leaving the district our Lord made one last effort on its behalf. Calling together the Apostles He laid His plans before them, divided the district into sections and sent them out in pairs. He gave them no outward investiture, but the inward power of casting out evil spirits. Nothing was to distract them from the great object of heralding the kingdom of God.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The method Christ took to spread his gospel. He had himself travelled about; but he could be only in one place at a time, and therefore now he sent his twelve disciples abroad. Let them disperse themselves, some one way and some another, to preach the kingdom of God. For the confirming of their doctrine he empowered them to work miracles. He gave them the authority to drive out demons. He authorized and appointed them likewise to cure diseases, and to heal the sick.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “They must not be anxious; depend on Providence and kindness; change their lodgings; and assume authority.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Travel light; don’t get bogged down with the world.

II. KEY TEXT (Herod is Perplexed by Jesus): “Now Herod the tetrarch heard about all that was happening, and he was perplexed, because it was said by some that John had been raised from the dead, by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the prophets of old had risen. Herod said, ‘John I beheaded, but who is this about whom I hear such things?’ And he sought to see him.” (9:7-9)
A. INFERENCE: “Herod’s guilty conscience was ready to conclude that John was risen from the dead. He desired to see Jesus; and why did he not go and see him? Probably, because he thought it below him, or because he wished not to have any more reprovers of sin. Delaying it now, his heart was hardened, and when he did see Jesus, he was as much prejudiced against him as others, Luke 23:11. Luke 9:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Notice how Herod’s conscience tormented him! He had begun to feel that scourge, which has never failed to find and follow out the murderer, from Cain onward.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “We have here Herod’s perplexity and anger at this. The communicating of Christ’s power to those who were sent forth in his name was an amazing and convincing proof of his being the Messiah. That he could not only work miracles himself, but empower others to work miracles too, spread his fame more than anything.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “When the country sees such as these healing the sick in the name of Jesus, it gives it a warning. He came from the other world and great perplexity was created in the mind of Herod when he had heard all that was done by Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Those (like Herod) who oppose God will find themselves more and more embarrassed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: Herod did not measure up.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Measure up.

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand): “On their return the apostles told him all that they had done. And he took them and withdrew apart to a town called Bethsaida. When the crowds learned it, they followed him, and he welcomed them and spoke to them of the kingdom of God and cured those who had need of healing.” (9:10-11)
A. INFERENCE: “Now the day began to wear away, and the twelve came and said to him, ‘Send the crowd away to go into the surrounding villages and countryside to find lodging and get provisions, for we are here in a desolate place.'” (9:12)
1. FINDINGS: “But he said to them, ‘You give them something to eat.’ They said, ‘We have no more than five loaves and two fish–unless we are to go and buy food for all these people.’ For there were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, ‘Have them sit down in groups of about fifty each. And they did so, and had them all sit down. And taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven and said a blessing over them. Then he broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples to set before the crowd. And they all ate and were satisfied. And what was left over was picked up, twelve baskets of broken pieces.” (9:13-17)
2. CRITERIA: “The people followed Jesus, and though they came unseasonably, yet he gave them what they came for. He spake unto them of the kingdom of God. He healed those who had need of healing. And with five loaves of bread and two fishes, Christ fed five thousand men.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He will not see those that fear him, and serve him faithfully, want any good thing. When we receive creature-comforts, we must acknowledge that we receive them from God, and that we are unworthy to receive them; that we owe them all, and all the comfort we have in them, to the mediation of Christ, by whom the curse is taken away.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The blessing of Christ will make a little go a great way. He fills every hungry soul, abundantly satisfies it with the goodness of his house.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Here were fragments taken up: in our Father’s house there is bread enough, and to spare. We are not straitened, nor stinted in Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “More was left over than had been possessed at first. To impart to others is to gain for oneself. Fling the seed broadcast. With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ): “Now it happened that as he was praying alone, the disciples were with him. And he asked them, ‘Who do the crowds say that I am?’ And they answered, ‘John the Baptist. But others say, Elijah, and others, that one of the prophets of old has risen.’ Then he said to them, ‘But who do you say that I am?’ And Peter answered, ‘The Christ of God.'” (9:18-20)
A. INFERENCE: “Our Lord asked these questions that He might lead the Apostles to crystallize their own conceptions in Peter’s magnificent affirmation. But they who will follow His footsteps must expect His lot! First, the Cross is set up in our heart, and day by day our old self-nature is crucified there; then we have to endure for others the Cross of rejection, shame and death. But it is thus that we gain ourselves and come into possession of our own souls. If we dare take this path, neither here nor hereafter will Christ be ashamed of us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And Peter answered, ‘The Christ of God.'” (9:20)
2. CRITERIA: “. . . but as yet the evidence was not ready to be summed up, and therefore it must be concealed until after his resurrection, which completed the proof of it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “The disciples must not yet preach that he was the Christ, because the wonders that would attend his death and resurrection would be the most convincing proof of his being the Christ of God.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “We frequently meet with crosses in the way of duty; and though we must not pull them on our own heads, yet, when they are laid ready for us, we must take them up, carry them after Christ, and make the best of them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “We must prefer the salvation and happiness of our souls above any secular concern whatsoever.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “He who wants to save his life on these terms will lose it, will lose that which is of infinitely more value, his precious soul.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells His Death): “And he strictly charged and commanded them to tell this to no one, saying, ‘The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” (9:21-22)
A. INFERENCE: “Our Lord asked these questions that He might lead the Apostles to crystallize their own conceptions in Peter’s magnificent affirmation. But they who will follow His footsteps must expect His lot! First, the Cross is set up in our heart, and day by day our old self-nature is crucified there; then we have to endure for others the Cross of rejection, shame and death. But it is thus that we gain ourselves and come into possession of our own souls. If we dare take this path, neither here nor hereafter will Christ be ashamed of us.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “. . . on the third day be raised.” (9:22)
2. CRITERIA: “We must firmly believe also that, if we lose our life for clinging to Christ, we shall save it to our unspeakable advantage. We shall have it again, a new and an eternal life.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “That the gain of all the world, if we should forsake Christ, would be so far from compensating for the eternal loss and ruin of the soul that it would bear no kind of proportion to it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “If we could be supposed to gain all the wealth, honor, and pleasure in the world, by denying Christ, yet when, by so doing, we lose ourselves to all eternity, and are cast away at last, what good will our worldly gain do us?” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “The body cannot be happy if the soul is miserable in the other world; but the soul may be happy though the body be greatly afflicted and oppressed in this world.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We must never be ashamed of Christ and his gospel.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus): “And he said to all, ‘If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.'” (9:23-27)
A. INFERENCE: “If anyone is ashamed of Christ and his gospel, he can expect no other than that in the great day, when his case calls for Christ’s appearance on his behalf, Christ will be ashamed to acknowledge such a cowardly, worldly, sneaking spirit, and will say, ‘He is none of mine; he does not belong to me.'” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “As Christ had a state of humiliation and of exaltation, so likewise has his cause in the world. They, and they only, who are willing to suffer with it when it suffers, shall reign with it when it reigns.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Observe here, how Christ, to support himself and his followers under present disgraces, speaks magnificently of the lustre of his second coming. He shall come in his own glory. What a figure will the blessed Jesus make in that day! If we believed it, we would never be ashamed of him or his words now.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “To encourage them in suffering for him, he assures them that the kingdom of God would now shortly be established.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The kingdom of God shall come in its power in the present age, while some here present are alive.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They saw the kingdom of God when the Spirit was poured out, when the gospel was preached to all the world and nations were brought to Christ by it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: It appears that the transfiguration on the mount is at center point.

VII. KEY TEXT (The Transfiguration): “Now about eight days after these sayings he took with him Peter and John and James and went up on the mountain to pray. And as he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became dazzling white. And behold, two men were talking with him, Moses and Elijah, who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they became fully awake they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him. And as the men were parting from him, Peter said to Jesus, ‘Master, it is good that we are here. Let us make three tents, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah’–not knowing what he said.” (9:28-33)
A. INFERENCE: “As he was saying these thing, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud.” (9:34)
1. FINDINGS: “And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him! And when the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent and told no one in those days anything of what they had seen.” (9:35-36)
2. CRITERIA: “The kingdom of God shall come in its power in the present age, while some here present are alive.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ’s transfiguration was a specimen of that glory in which he will come to judge the world; and was an encouragement to his disciples to suffer for him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “In our greatest glories on earth, let us remember that in this world we have no continuing city.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But those know not what they say, that talk of making tabernacles (tents) on earth for glorified saints in heaven.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Hold off on the tents on earth; make eternal dwellings assured–trust Jesus.

VIII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit): “On the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, a great crowd met him. And behold, a man from the crowd cried out, ‘Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child. And behold, a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries out. It convulses him so that he foams at the mouth, and shatters him, and will hardly leave him. And I begged your disciples to cast it out, but they could not.'” (9:37-40)
A. INFERENCE: “How deplorable the case of this child! He was under the power of an evil spirit. Diseases of that nature are more frightful than such as arise merely from natural causes. What mischief Satan does where he gets possession! But happy those that have access to Christ! He can do that for us which his disciples cannot. A word from Christ healed the child; and when our children recover from sickness, it is comfortable to receive them as healed by the hand of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus answered, ‘O faithless and twisted generation, how long am I to be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here.’ While he was coming, the demon threw him to the ground and convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit and healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. And all were astonished at the majesty of God.” (9:41-43)
2. CRITERIA: “How grievous the state of the child was. He was under the power of an evil spirit, that seized him; when the fit seized him, he suddenly cried out, and many a time his shrieks had pierced the heart of his tender father.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “But happy they who have access to Christ!” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “How defective the disciples were in their faith.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Either they distrusted the power they were to acquire strength from, or they did not exert themselves in prayer as they ought; for this Christ reproved them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Pray continuously.

IX. KEY TEXT (Jesus Again Foretells His Death): “But while they were all marveling at everything he was doing, Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Let these words sink into your ears: ‘The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.’ But they did not understand this saying, and it was concealed from them, so that they might not perceive it. And they were afraid to ask him about this saying.” (9:43-45)
A. INFERENCE: “This prediction of Christ’s sufferings was plain enough, but the disciples would not understand it, because it agreed not with their notions.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.” (9:44)
2. CRITERIA: “They had a foolish concept of his temporal kingdom, and that he should reign, in secular pomp and power; and now they thought that this mighty power of his would easily bring it about.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ takes this opportunity to tell them again that he was so far from having men betrayed into his hands that he must be betrayed into the hands of men.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The causes of it were universal: they marveled at all that Jesus did; all his actions had something uncommon and surprising in them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “But being delivered into the hands of men was hidden from them, so that they did not grasp it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: We should not make his second coming a paradox either. Believe it; seek it as in “Thy Kingdom Come.”

X. KEY TEXT (Who Is the Greatest?): “An argument arose among them as to which of them was the greatest. But Jesus, knowing the reasoning of their hearts, took a child and put him by his side and said to them, ‘Whoever receives this child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For he who is least among you all is the one who is great.” (9:46-48)
A. INFERENCE: “Ambition of honor, and strife for superiority and precedence, are sins that most easily beset the disciples of our Lord Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “They who expect to be great in this world commonly aim high, and nothing will serve them short of being greatest; this exposes them to a great deal of temptation and trouble, which they are safe from that are content to be little, to be least, to be less than the least.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus Christ is perfectly acquainted with the thoughts and intents of our hearts: He knew their thoughts. Thoughts are words to him, and whispers are loud cries.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “Christ wants his disciples to aim at that honor which is to be obtained by a quiet humility, and not at that which is to be obtained by a restless and aspiring ambition.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Let them be of the temperament of this child, humble and quiet, and relaxed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Let them assure themselves that this was the way to promotion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Observe quiet humility.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

XI. KEY TEXT (Anyone Not Against Us Is For Us): “John answered, ‘Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.’ But Jesus said to him, ‘Do not stop him, for the one who is not against you is for you.” (9:49-50)
A. INFERENCE: “What greater honor can any man attain to in this world, than to be received by men as a messenger of God and Christ; and to have God and Christ own themselves received and welcomed in him! If ever any society of Christians in this world, had reason to silence those not of their own communion, the twelve disciples at this time had; yet Christ warned them not to do the like again.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Those may be found faithful followers of Christ, and may be accepted of him, who do not follow with us.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus Christ chided them for what they did: ‘Do not stop him, but rather encourage him, for he is carrying on the same intention that you are.'” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “He will meet you at the same end, though he does not accompany you in the same way.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “We need not lose any of our friends, while we have so few, and so many enemies.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Whoever is not against you is for you, . . .” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . and therefore ought to be tolerated by us.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

XII. KEY TEXT (A Samaritan Village Rejects Jesus): “When the days drew near for him to be taken up, he set his face to go to Jerusalem. And he sent messengers ahead of him, who went and entered a village of the Samaritans, to make preparations for him. But the people did not receive him, because his face was set toward Jerusalem. And when his disciples James and John saw it, the said, ‘Lord, do you want us to tell fire to come down from heaven and consume them?’ But he turned and rebuked them. And they went on to another village.” (9:51-56)
A. INFERENCE: “The disciples did not consider that the conduct of the Samaritans was rather the effect of national prejudices and bigotry, than of enmity to the word and worship of God; and though they refused to receive Christ and his disciples, they did not ill use or injure them, so that the case was widely different from that of Ahaziah and Elijah. Nor were they aware that the gospel dispensation was to be marked by miracles of mercy.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But above all, they were ignorant of the prevailing motives of their own hearts, which were pride and carnal ambition. Of this our Lord warned them. It is easy for us to say, Come, see our zeal for the Lord! and to think we are very faithful in his cause, when we are seeking our own objects, and even doing harm instead of good to others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Here they were for putting infidels to death.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ reprimanded them, for a spirit of bigotry and persecution is directly contrary to the spirit of Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “There was a time appointed for the sufferings and death of our Lord Jesus, and he knew well enough when it was. He was resolute to go to Jerusalem.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “He knew his time was short.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “All good Christians may make their own the same notion of death, and may call it their being received up, to be with Christ where he is.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

XIII. KEY TEXT (The Cost of Following Jesus): “As they were going along the road, someone said to him, ‘I will follow you where ever you go.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head. To another he said, ‘Follow me.’ But he said, ‘Lord let me first go and bury my father.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Leave the dead to bury their own dead. But as for you, go and proclaim the kingdom of God.’ Yet another said, ‘I will follow you, Lord, but let me first say farewell to those at my home.’ Jesus said to him, ‘No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.” (9:57-62)
A. INFERENCE: “We have here an account of three different persons who offered themselves as followers of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “If we mean to follow Christ, we must not reckon on making anything more than heaven of our religion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: “It is necessary that we have a zeal that will make us forget father and mother.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “No excuses must be allowed against a present obedience to the call of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “No one who puts his hand to the plow, will look back, or look behind him, for then he makes ruts with his plough, and the ground he ploughs is not fit to be sown.” (9:62)
5. EFFECT: “. . . if you look back to a worldly again and hanker after that, you are not fit for service in the kingdom of God.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “You are not a sower fit to scatter the good seed of the kingdom if you can hold the plow no better.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

Luke 10:1, I. Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two; II. Woe to Unrepentant Cities; III. The Return of the Seventy-Two; IV. Jesus Rejoices in the Father’s Will; V. The Parable of the Good Samaritan; VI. Martha and Mary

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two): “After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go. And he said to them, ‘The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few, Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. Go your way; behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road. Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’ And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house. Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you. Heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say, ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near,’ I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.” (10:1-12)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ sent the seventy disciples, two and two, that they might strengthen and encourage one another. The ministry of the gospel calls men to receive Christ as a Prince and a Savior; and he will surely come in the power of his Spirit to all places whither he sends his faithful servants. Luke 10:1” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But the doom of those who receive the grace of God in vain, will be very fearful. Those who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, who think meanly of them, and look scornfully upon them, will be reckoned as despisers of God and Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “We can only prepare the way for our Lord. No one of us can suffice for the soul of man. We must always say with the Baptist: “There cometh one mightier than I.” Would that Christ always came where we had been! See Luke 10:1.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Let us not forget to pray for laborers; but if we pray truly we shall endeavor to answer our own prayers, by going and by inciting others to go.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “But the inner thought of His words is that we are to be absorbed in giving the message, leaving all things else as a very secondary question and allowing God to care for us and ours.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few.” (10:2)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Labor in the harvest.

II. KEY TEXT (Woe to Unrepentant Cities): “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more bearable in the judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you. And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You shall be brought down to Hades. ‘The one who hears you hears me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me.” (10:13-16)
A. INFERENCE: They are to heal the sick and announce the approach of the kingdom of God. (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
1. FINDINGS: “They must set out with prayer and duly impressed with the necessities of the soul of men; expect trouble and persecution; must not encumber themselves; show God’s goodwill to all to whom they came; receive the kindnesses of those who should receive them and bid them welcome; and denounce the judgments of God against those who should reject them and their message.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
2. CRITERIA: Because these cities enjoyed Christ’s mighty works, God intended to bring them to repentance and reformation, but they did not repent. The doom of those who thus receive the grace of God in vain will be very fearful. They who were lifted up, not making use of their elevation, will go down to the depths in the day of judgment. (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “The general rule which Christ would follow, as to those to whom he sent his ministers: He will reckon himself treated according as they treated his ministers.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “He who listens to you listens to me. He who rejects you does in effect reject me, and he rejects him who sent me.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “And they who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, and turn their backs on their ministry, will be dealt with as despisers of God and Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Listen.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

III. KEY TEXT (The Return of the Seventy-Two): “The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, ‘Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name! And he said to them, ‘I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you. Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.” (10:17-20)
A. INFERENCE: “All our victories over Satan, are obtained by power derived from Jesus Christ, and he must have all the praise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But let us beware of spiritual pride, which has been the destruction of many.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord rejoiced at the prospect of the salvation of many souls. It was fit that particular notice should be taken of that hour of joy; there were few such, for He was a man of sorrows: in that hour in which he saw Satan fall, and heard of the good success of his ministers, in that hour he rejoiced.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “He has ever resisted the proud, and given grace to the humble. The more simply dependent we are on the teaching, help, and blessing of the Son of God, the more we shall know both of the Father and of the Son; the more blessed we shall be in seeing the glory, and hearing the words of the Divine Savior; and the more useful we shall be made in promoting his cause.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How triumphant the return of the evangelist! With faces flushed with pride and hearts high with elation, they returned to the Master with their reports. What wisdom it is to talk our work over with Jesus! Even the demons were subject to His Name. He was not surprised. While He had been watching, bearing them up by His intercessions, He had seen an alteration take place in the unseen world. Satan had fallen, as though the work done by these humble men had turned the scale against him. Is it not so still? What we do is of eternal importance.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “. . . your names are written in heaven (the Lamb’s Book of Life pertains).” (10:20)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Keep your name written there too; don’t reject the Holy Spirit.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Rejoices in the Father’s Will): “In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, ‘I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will. All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. Then turning to the disciples he said privately, ‘Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.” (10:21-24)
A. INFERENCE: “Then, ‘in that same hour’ it seemed as though the flood-gates of the Savior’s soul were flung open for very joy. He rejoiced that babe-like hearts might know the deep things of God; that all things were opened to Him in His humanity as in the ages before He became man; and that He was permitted to reveal the Father to those who loved and obeyed Him. It was for these, and for us, to know things hidden from prophets and kings.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The more simply dependent we are on the teaching, help, and blessing of the Son of God, the more we shall know both of the Father and of the Son; the more blessed we shall be in seeing the glory, and hearing the words of the Divine Savior; and the more useful we shall be made in promoting his cause.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “He offered up a solemn thanksgiving to his Father. He saw Satan fall, Jesus was full of joy through the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “He gave thanks for what was revealed by the Father through the Son and for what was secret between the Father and the Son.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “He told his disciples how good it was for them that they had these things revealed to them so they could use to lead others into the knowledge of them.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “They show us the way to salvation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The honor and happiness of the New Testament saints far exceed those even of the prophets and kings of the Old Testament.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Good Samaritan): “And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test, saying, ‘Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?’ He said to him, ‘What is written in the Law? How do you read it?’ And he answered, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.’ And he said to him, ‘You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live. But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, ‘And who is my neighbor?’ Jesus replied, ‘A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead. Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion. He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him. Ant the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.’ Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?’ He said, ‘The one who showed him mercy.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘You go, and do likewise.” (10:25-37)
A. INFERENCE: “If we speak of eternal life, and the way to it, in a careless manner, we take the name of God in vain. No one will ever love God and his neighbor with any measure of pure, spiritual love, who is not made a partaker of converting grace. But the proud heart of man strives hard against these convictions.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “It is lamentable to observe how selfishness governs all ranks; how many excuses men will make to avoid trouble or expense in relieving others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “But the true Christian has the law of love written in his heart. The Spirit of Christ dwells in him; Christ’s image is renewed in his soul.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The parable is a beautiful explanation of the law of loving our neighbor as ourselves, without regard to nation, party, or any other distinction. It also sets forth the kindness and love of God our Savior toward sinful, miserable men. We were like this poor, distressed traveler. Satan, our enemy, has robbed us, and wounded us: such is the mischief sin has done us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The blessed Jesus had compassion on us. The believer considers that Jesus loved him, and gave his life for him, when an enemy and a rebel; and having shown him mercy, he bids him go and do likewise.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It is the duty of us all, in our places, and according to our ability, to succor, help, and relieve all that are in distress and necessity.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be a good neighbor.

VI. KEY TEXT (Martha and Mary): “Now as they went on their way, Jesus entered a village. And a woman named Martha welcomed him into her house. And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching. But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, ‘Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.’ But the Lord answered her, ‘Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.” (10:38-42)
A. INFERENCE: “Sitting at Christ’s feet, signifies readiness to receive his word, and submission to the guidance of it. Martha was providing for the entertainment of Christ, and those that came with him. Here were respect to our Lord Jesus and right care of her household affairs.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “But there was something to be blamed. She was for much serving; plenty, variety, and exactness. Worldly business is a snare to us, when it hinders us from serving God, and getting good to our souls. What needless time is wasted, and expense often laid out, even in entertaining professors of the gospel!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Though Martha was on this occasion faulty, yet she was a true believer, and in her general conduct did not neglect the one thing needful. The favor of God is needful to our happiness; the salvation of Christ is needful to our safety. Where this is attended to, all other things will be rightly pursued.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ declared, Mary hath chosen the good part. For one thing is needful, this one thing that she has done, to give up herself to the guidance of Christ. The things of this life will be taken away from us, at the furthest, when we shall be taken away from them; but nothing shall separate from the love of Christ, and a part in that love.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Men and devils cannot take it away from us, and God and Christ will not. Let us mind the one thing needful more diligently.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Martha and Mary each gave of her best. Each had her own sphere; one ministered to His physical need, the other to His heart. The mystical and practical are both required in Christ’s service, and blend at His feet.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Don’t live for many things; but for Him.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Luke 11:1, I. The Lord’s Prayer; II. Jesus and Beelzebul; III. Return of an Unclean Spirit; IV. True Blessedness; V. The Sign of Jonah; VI. The Light in You; VII. Woes to the Pharisees and Lawyers

I. KEY TEXT (The Lord’s Prayer): “Now Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when he finished, one of his disciples said to him, ‘Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.’ And he said to them, ‘When you pray, say: ‘Father, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread, and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation.’ And he said to them, ‘Which of your who has a friend will go to him at midnight and say to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves, for a friend of mine has arrived on a journey, and I have nothing to set before him’; and he will answer from within, ‘Do not bother me; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I cannot get up and give you anything’? I tell you, though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his imprudence he will rise and give him whatever he needs. And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened. What father among you, if his son asks for a fish, will instead of a fish give him a serpent; or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” (11:1-13)
A. INFERENCE: “”Lord, teach us to pray,” is a good prayer, and a very needful one, for Jesus Christ only can teach us, by his word and Spirit, how to pray. Lord, teach me what it is to pray; Lord, stir up and quicken me to the duty; Lord, direct me what to pray for; teach me what I should say. Christ taught them a prayer, much the same that he had given before in his sermon upon the mount.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Let us in our requests, both for others and for ourselves, come to our heavenly Father, confiding in his power and goodness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The way to teach people to pray is to pray yourself. It was the habitual prayerfulness of Jesus that made the Apostles long to be taught to pray.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What an example is here of the power of unconscious influence! ” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “If you desire that your children or scholars should pray, pray yourself.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The model prayer is full of suggestion as to the order and topics of prayer.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Fill in these outlines!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus and Beelzebul): “Now he was casting out a demon that was mute. When the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke, and the people marveled. But some of them said, ‘He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of demons,’ while others, to test him, kept seeking from him a sign from heaven. But he, knowing their thoughts, said to them, ‘Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and a divided household falls. And if Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? For you say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul. And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. But if it is by the finger of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own palace, his goods are safe; but when one stronger than he attacks him and overcomes him, he takes away his armor in which he trusted and divides his spoil. Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters.” (11:14-23)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ’s thus casting out the devils, was really the destroying of their power. The heart of every unconverted sinner is the devil’s palace, where he dwells, and where he rules. There is a kind of peace in the heart of an unconverted soul, while the devil, as a strong man armed, keeps it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “The sinner is secure, has no doubt concerning the goodness of his state, nor any dread of the judgment to come. But observe the wonderful change made in conversion. The conversion of a soul to God, is Christ’s victory over the devil and his power in that soul, restoring the soul to its liberty, and recovering his own interest in it and power over it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “All the endowments of mind of body are now employed for Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Here is the condition of a hypocrite. The house is swept from common sins, by a forced confession, as Pharaoh’s; by a feigned contrition, as Ahab’s; or by a partial reformation, as Herod’s. The house is swept, but it is not washed; the heart is not made holy. Sweeping takes off only the loose dirt, while the sin that besets the sinner, the beloved sin, is untouched.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The house is garnished with common gifts and graces. It is not furnished with any true grace; it is all paint and varnish, not real nor lasting.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It was never given up to Christ, nor dwelt in by the Spirit. Let us take heed of resting in that which a man may have, and yet come short of heaven. The wicked spirits enter in without any difficulty; they are welcomed, and they dwell there; there they work, there they rule.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “From such an awful state let all earnestly pray to be delivered.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Return of an Unclean Spirit): “When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and finding none it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when it comes, it finds the house swept and put in order. Then it goes and brings seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there. And the last state of that person is worse than the first.” (11:24-26)
A. INFERENCE: “When Christ takes up His residence in the heart Satan may rage outside and fling in horrid suggestions, but the door is kept closed against his return.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “They are to be pitied who make a reform in their own strength-Satan will return.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Only Christ can work permanent deliverance.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “That there was a vast difference between the devil’s going out by consent and his being cast out by compulsion.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Those out of whom Christ cast him he never entered into again, for such was Christ’s command; whereas, if he had gone out, whenever he saw fit he would have made a re-entry.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Christ, as he gives a total, so he gives a final, defeat to the enemy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Keep your heart out of the devils house.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

IV. KEY TEXT (True Blessedness): “As he said these things, a woman in the crowd raised her voice and said to him, ‘Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts at which you nursed! But he said, ‘Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and keep it!” (11:27-28)
A. INFERENCE: “While the scribes and Pharisees despised and blasphemed the discourses of our Lord Jesus, this good woman admired them, and the wisdom and power with which he spake.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ led the woman to a higher consideration.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Though it is a great privilege to hear the word of God, yet those only are truly blessed, that is, blessed of the Lord, that hear it, keep it in memory, and keep to it as their way and rule.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What a tribute this woman paid our Lord! He was full of grace as well as truth; and those who, with unbiased and unprejudiced minds, saw Him moving among men, were constrained to confess His inimitable beauty. Notice that the simplest soul that hears and obeys God’s Word is equally beatified with His mother, Luke 11:28.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “This is intended partly as a restraint to her, for doting so much on his bodily presence, partly as an encouragement to her to hope that she might be as happy as his own mother, if she would hear the word of God and obey it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “Those only are truly blessed who hear it and obey it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Obey God’s word.

V. KEY TEXT (The Sign of Jonah): “When the crowds were increasing, he began to say, ‘This generation is an evil generation. It seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah. For as Jonah became a sign to the people of Nineveh, so will the Son of Man be to this generation. The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here. The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.” (11:29-32)
A. INFERENCE: “Christ promised that there should be one sign more given, even the sign of Jonah the prophet; which in Matthew is explained, as meaning the resurrection of Christ; and he warned them to improve this sign. But though Christ himself were the constant preacher in any congregation, and worked miracles daily among them, yet unless his grace humbled their hearts, they would not profit by his word. Let us not desire more evidence and fuller teaching than the Lord is pleased to afford us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “We should pray without ceasing that our hearts and understandings may be opened, that we may profit by the light we enjoy. And especially take heed that the light which is in us be not darkness; for if our leading principles be wrong, our judgment and practice must become more so.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Men will be judged by the opportunities they have had. Every age and every race and every individual on which the sun has ever shone has had a chance. Not our chance, but a chance suited to the spiritual vision of each, John 1:9; Romans 1:20; Romans 2:5, etc. So God will be able to judge all men. But in how many cases will they who have not had our advantages be found in a higher class in the great University of Heaven than some of us who have lived amid the light of Christ!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The great and most convincing proof of Christ’s being sent from God was the resurrection of Christ from the dead.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “The Son of Man shall be a sign to this generation.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: No sign is greater than he.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “So the light of the soul is its power to discriminate between good and evil, truth and falsehood. The light of divine revelation operates in the same way towards us, and we benefit from it in the same way.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

VI. KEY TEXT (The Light in You): “No one after lighting a lamp puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, so that those who enter may see the light. Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eye is healthy, your whole body is full of light, but when it is bad, you body is full of darkness. Therefore be careful lest the light in you be darkness. If then your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly bright, as when a lamp with its rays gives you light.” (11:33-36)
A. INFERENCE: “‘The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord,’ Proverbs 20:27. How many unlit candles there are! Will you not ask whether Christ has ever kindled you with His divine light and life?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “You have the capacity for God, but this is not enough: Christ must give you light, Ephesians 5:14.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Seek the clear shining of the inner light, and remember that it will grow clearer and brighter just in proportion as it is obeyed and followed.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “What a glorious conception this is, that the Lord Jesus shall so fill us with the radiance and warmth of His love that there shall be no part dark!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “If this eye of the soul is good, if it sees clearly, if it aims at truth only, and seeks it for its own sake, the whole body, that is, the whole soul, is full of light.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “If our understanding admits the gospel in its full light, it fills the soul, and it has enough to fill it.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Fill up your soul with light.

VII. KEY TEXT (Woes to the Pharisees and Lawyers): “While Jesus was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to dine with him, so he went in and reclined at table. The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner. And the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. You fools! Did not he who made the outside make the inside also? But give as alms those things that are within, and behold, everything is clean for you. But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seat in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces. Woe to you! For you are like unmarked graves, and people walk over them without knowing it.’ One of the lawyers answered him, ‘Teacher, in saying these things you insult us also.’ And he said, ‘Woe to you lawyers also! For you load people with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers. Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers killed. So you are witnesses and you consent to the deeds of your fathers, for they killed them, and you build their tombs. Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,’ so that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, may be charged against this generation, from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation. Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering. As he went away from there, the scribes and the Pharisees began to press him hard and to provoke him to speak about many things, lying in wait for him, to catch him in something he might say.” (11:37-54)
A. INFERENCE: “We should all look to our hearts, that they may be cleansed and new-created; and while we attend to the great things of the law and of the gospel, we must not neglect the smallest matter God has appointed.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “When any wait to catch something out of our mouths, that they may ensnare us, O Lord, give us thy prudence and thy patience, and disappoint their evil purposes.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Furnish us with such meekness and patience that we may glory in reproaches, for Christ’s sake, and that thy Holy Spirit may rest upon us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ did fear the Pharisees and the scribes.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “Christ sharply rebuked the Pharisees and the scribes regarding washing before the meal.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “He reproves them for emphasizing trifles, and neglecting the weighty matters of the law; their pride and vanity; and their hypocrisy.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Take to task any misrepresentation or opposition of the gospel of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)