Week #126; Wed, May 27: Mark 5:1–9:50

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Mark 5:1, I. Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon; II. Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon): “They came to the other side of the sea, to the country of the Gerasenes. And when Jesus had stepped out of the boat, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit. He lived among the tombs. And no one could bind him anymore, not even with a chain, for he had often been bound with shackles and chains, but he wrenched the chains apart, and he broke the shackles in pieces. No one had the strength to subdue him. Night and day among the tombs and on the mountains he was always crying out and cutting himself with stones.” (5:1-5)
A. INFERENCE: “And when he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and fell down before him. And crying out with a loud voice, he said ‘What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I adjure you by God, do not torment me.’ For he was saying to him, ‘Come out of the man, you unclean spirit! And Jesus asked him, ‘What is your name?’ He replied, ‘My name is Legion, for we are many.’ And he begged him earnestly not to send them out of the country.” (5:6-10)
1. FINDINGS: “Now a great herd of pigs was feeding there on the hillside, and they begged him, saying, ‘Send us to the pigs; let us enter them.’ So he gave them permission. And the unclean spirits came out, and entered the pigs, and the herd, numbering about two thousand, rushed down the steep bank into the sea and were drowned in the sea.” (5:11-13)
2. CRITERIA: “The herdsmen fled and told it in the city and in the country. And people came to see what it was that had happened.” (5:14)
3. CONDITION: “And they came to Jesus and saw the demon-possessed man, the one who had had the legion, sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid. And those who had seen it described to them what had happened to the demon-possessed man and to the pigs. And they began to beg Jesus to depart from their region. As he was getting into the boat, the man who had been possessed with demons begged him that he might be with him. And he did not permit him but said to him, ‘Go home to your friends and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he has had mercy on you.'” (5:15-19)
4. CAUSE: “And he went away and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done for him, and everyone marveled.” (5:20)
5. EFFECT: “All men marveled, but few followed him. Many who cannot but wonder at the works of Christ, yet do not, as they ought, wonder after him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Know that demons do not die . . . they are fallen angels and are destined to go to the ‘Lake of Fire.’ Follow Jesus.

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter): “And when Jesus had crossed again in the boat to the other side, a great crowd gathered about him, and he was beside the sea. Then came one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name, and seeing him, he fell at his feet and implored him earnestly, saying, ‘My little daughter is at the point of death. Come and lay your hands on her, so that she may be made well and live.'” (5:21-24)
A. INFERENCE: “And he went with him. And a great crowd followed him and thronged about him. And there was a woman who had a discharge of blood for twelve years, and who had suffered much under many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was no better but rather grew worse.” (5:25-27)
1. FINDINGS: “She had heard the reports about Jesus and came up behind him in the crowd and touched his garment. For she said, ‘If I touch even his garment, I will be made well.’ And immediately the flow of blood dried up, and she felt in her body that she was healed of her disease.” (5:27-29)
2. CRITERIA: “And Jesus, perceiving in himself that power had gone out from him, immediately turned about in the crowd and said, ‘Who touched my garments?’ And his disciples said to him, ‘You see the crowd pressing around you, and yet you say, ‘Who touched me?'” (5:30-31)
3. CONDITION: “And he looked around to see who had done it. But the woman, knowing what had happened to her, came in fear and trembling and fell down before him and told him the whole truth.” (5:32-33)
4. CAUSE: “And he said to her, ‘Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace, and be healed of your disease.'” (5:34)
5. EFFECT: “As secret acts of sin, so secret acts of faith, are known to the Lord Jesus. The woman told all the truth. It is the will of Christ that his people should be comforted, and he has power to command comfort to troubled spirits. The more simply we depend on Him, and expect great things from him, the more we shall find in ourselves that he is become our salvation. Those who, by faith, are healed of their spiritual diseases, have reason to go in peace.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Go in faith.
B. INFERENCE: “While he was still speaking, there came from the ruler’s house some who said, ‘Your daughter is dead. Why trouble the Teacher any further?’ But overhearing what they said, Jesus said to the ruler of the synagogue, ‘Do not fear, only believe.’ and he allowed no one to follow him except Peter and James and John the brother of James. They came to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and Jesus saw a commotion, people weeping and wailing loudly. And when he had entered, he said to them, ‘Why are you making a commotion and weeping? The child is not dead but sleeping.’ And they laughed at him. But he put them all outside and took the child’s father and mother and those who were with him and went in where the child was.” (5:35-40)
1. FINDINGS: “Taking her by the hand he said to her, ‘Talitha cumi,’ which means, ‘Little girl, I say to you, arise.’ And immediately the girl got up and began walking (for she was twelve years of age), and they were immediately overcome with amazement. And he strictly charged them that no one should know this, and told them to give her something to eat.” (5:41-43)
2. CRITERIA: “Faith is the only remedy against grief and fear at such a time. Believe the resurrection, then fear not. He raised the dead child to life by a word of power. Such is the gospel call to those who are by nature dead in trespasses and sins. It is by the word of Christ that spiritual life is given. All who saw it, and heard of it, admired the miracle, and Him that wrought it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Though we cannot now expect to have our dead children or relatives restored, we may hope to find comfort under our trials.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: Faith.
5. EFFECT: Many witnesses were present for this miracle, enabling faith to grow exponentially.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The reservoir of power is always full, but how few, how very few, have learned the secret of tapping it!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Mark 6:1, I. Jesus Rejected at Nazareth; II. Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles; III. The Death of John the Baptist; IV. Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand; V. Jesus Walks on the Water; VI. Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret

I. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Rejected at Nazareth): “He went away from there and came to his hometown, and his disciples followed him. And on the Sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were astonished, saying, ‘Where did this man get these things? What is the wisdom given to him? How are such mighty works done by his hands? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James, and Joses and Judas and Simon?'” (6:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without honor, except in his hometown and among his relatives and in his own household.” (6:4)
1. FINDINGS: “And he could do no mighty work there, except that he laid his hands on a few sick people and healed them.” (6:5)
2. CRITERIA: “And he marveled because of their unbelief.” (6:6)
3. CONDITION: “And he went about among the villages teaching.” (6:7)
4. CAUSE: “In the opening paragraph of this chapter, we learn of hatred and rejection of those who had enjoyed the rich privileges of being the neighbors and associates of our Lord from His earliest days. They could not discern the divine in the human, the heavenly under the earthly veil.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Lord is still in His Church through the Holy Spirit, but His power is limited and neutralized by our unbelief.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Faith is our capacity for God, and there are several conditions for its nurture and growth.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary) May Divine grace deliver us from that unbelief, which renders Christ a savor of death, rather than of life to the soul. (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles): “And he called the twelve and began to send them out two by two, and gave them authority over the unclean spirits. He charged them to take for their journey except a staff–no bread, no bag, no money in their belts–but to wear sandals and not put on two tunics.” (6:7-9)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said to them, ‘Whenever you enter a house, stay there until you depart from there. And if any place will not receive you and they will not listen to you, when you leave, shake off the dust that is on your feet as a testimony against them.'” (6:10-11)
1. FINDINGS: “So they went out and proclaimed that people should repent. and they cast out many demons and anointed with oil many who were sick and healed them.” (6:12-13)
2. CRITERIA: “Though the apostles were conscious to themselves of great weakness, and expected no worldly advantage, yet, in obedience to their Master, and in dependence upon his strength, they went out. They did not amuse people with curious matters, but told them they must repent of their sins, and turn to God. The servants of Christ may hope to turn many from darkness unto God, and to heal souls by the power of the Holy Ghost.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “With what simplicity the Twelve were started on their mission. (6:7) But with what authority they spoke! Simplicity and power are closely allied.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The truly strong soul is not in need of the external surroundings and circumstances on which others lean; . . .” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “. . . and in proportion to our willingness to deprive ourselves of the sources of human confidence may we lay hold on and possess divine power.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Strive for authority over unclean spirits.” (6:7)

III. KEY TEXT (The Death of John the Baptist): “King Herod heard of it, for Jesus’ name had become known. Some said, ‘John the Baptist has been raised from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.’ But others said, ‘He is Elijah.’ And others said, ‘He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.’ But when Herod heard of it, he said, ‘John, whom I beheaded, has been raised.’ For it was Herod who had sent and seized John and bound him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, because he had married her. For John had been saying to Herod, ‘It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.'” (6:14-18)
A. INFERENCE: “And Herodias had a grudge against him and wanted to put him to death. But she could not, for Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and he kept him safe. When he heard him, he was greatly perplexed, and yet he heard him gladly.” (6:19-20)
1. FINDINGS: “But an opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his nobles and military commanders and the leading men of Galilee. For when Herodias’s daughter came in and danced, she pleased Herod and his guests. And the king said to the girl, ‘Ask me for whatever you wish, and I will give it to you. And he vowed to her, ‘Whatever you ask me, I will give you, up to half of my kingdom.’ And she went out and said to her mother, ‘For what should I ask?’ And she said, ‘The head of John the Baptist.'” (6:21-24)
2. CRITERIA: “And she came in immediately with haste to the king and asked, saying, ‘I want you to give me at once the head of John the Baptist on a platter.’ And the king was exceedingly sorry, but because of his oaths and his guests he did not want to break his word to her.” (6:25-26)
3. CONDITION: “And immediately the king sent an executioner with orders to bring John’s head. He went and beheaded him in the prison and brought his head on a platter and gave it to the girl, and the girl gave it to her mother. When his disciples heard of it, they came and took his body and laid it in a tomb.” (6:27-29)
4. CAUSE: “Better the dungeon with John than the palace with Herod, for conscience filled the palace with the ghost of the murdered Baptist!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The messenger may fall, but the message is taken up and passed on by a thousand lips.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The ways of God are unsearchable; but we may be sure he never can be at a loss to repay his servants for what they endure or lose for his sake.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand): “The apostles returned to Jesus and told him all that they had done and taught. And he said to them, ‘Come away by yourselves to a desolate place and rest a while.’ For many were coming and going, and they had no leisure even to eat. And they went away in the boat to a desolate place by themselves.” (6:30-32)
A. INFERENCE: “Now many saw them going and recognized them, and they ran there on foot from all the towns and got there ahead of them. When he went ashore he saw a great crowd, and he had compassion on them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd. And he began to teach them many things.” (6:33-34)
1. FINDINGS: “And when it grew late, his disciples came to him and said, ‘This is a desolate place, and the hour is now late. Send them away to go into the surrounding countryside and villages and buy themselves something to eat. But he answered them, ‘You give them something to eat.’ And they said to him, ‘Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread and give it to them to eat?’ And he said to them, ‘How many loaves do you have? Go and see.’ And when they had found out, they said, ‘Five, and two fish.’ Then he commanded them all to sit down in groups on the green grass. So they sat down in groups, by hundreds and by fifties. And taking the five loaves and the two fish he looked up to heaven and said a blessing and broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples to set before the people. And he divided the two fish among them all.” (6:35-41)
2. CRITERIA: “And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of broken pieces and of the fish. And those who ate the loaves were five thousand men (plus many women and children).” (6:42-44)
3. CONDITION: “The people sought the spiritual food of Christ’s word, and then he took care that they should not want bodily food.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Notice how the upward look precedes the breaking and giving. There is enough for each, not of bread alone, but of fish; and the disciples are refreshed by another kind of ministry. So the Lord recreates us by turning exhausted energies into new channels. What threatens to overpower us brings Christ to our side.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But His footsteps must be arrested, if we would have His company. Where Jesus is, storms cease and the sick are made whole.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Care was taken of the fragments that remained, with which they filled twelve baskets. Though Christ had bread enough at command, he would thus teach us, not to make waste.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

V. KEY TEXT (Jesus Walks on the Water): “Immediately he made his disciples get into the boat and go before him to the other side, to Bethsaida, while he dismissed the crowd. And after he had taken leave of them, he went up on the mountain to pray.” (6:45-46)
A. INFERENCE: “And when evening came, the boat was out on the sea, and he was alone on the land. And he saw that they were making headway painfully, for the wind was against them.” (6:47-48)
1. FINDINGS: “And about the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on the sea. He meant to pass by them, but when they saw him walking on the sea they thought it was a ghost, and cried out, for they all saw him and were terrified.” (6:48-50)
2. CRITERIA: “But immediately he spoke to them and said, ‘Take heart; it is I. Do not be afraid.'” (6:50)
3. CONDITION: “And he got into the boat with them, and the wind ceased. And they were utterly astounded, for they did not understand about the loaves, but their hearts were hardened.” (6:51-52)
4. CAUSE: “He silenced their fears, by making himself known to them. Our fears are soon satisfied, if our mistakes are set right, especially our mistakes as to Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “If Christ’s ministers now could cure people’s bodily diseases, what multitudes would flock after them! It is sad to think how much more most care about their bodies than about their souls.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “And no difficulties can hinder Christ’s appearance for his people, when the set time is come.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret): “When they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret and moored to the shore. And when they got out of the boat, the people immediately recognized him and ran about the whole region and began to bring the sick people on their beds to wherever they heard he was.” (6:53-55)
A. INFERENCE: “And wherever he came, in villages, cities, or countryside, they laid the sick in the marketplaces and implored him that they might touch even the fringe of his garment.” (6:56)
1. FINDINGS: “And as many as touched it were made well.” (6:56)
2. CRITERIA: “We do not find that they were desirous to be taught by him, only to be healed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
3. CONDITION: “If ministers could now cure people’s bodily diseases what multitudes would attend them!” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
4. CAUSE: “But it is sad to think how much more concerned most of men are about their bodies than about their souls.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
5. EFFECT: “And great crowds followed him from Galilee and the Decapolis, and from Jerusalem and Judea, and from beyond the Jordan.” (Matthew 4:25)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Don’t forget the soul part; it’s eternal.

Mark 7:1, I. Traditions and Commandments; II. What Defiles a Person; III. The Syrophoenician Woman’s Faith; IV. Jesus Heals a Deaf Man

I. KEY TEXT (Traditions and Commandments): “Now when the Pharisees gathered to him, with some of the scribes who had come from Jerusalem, they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed. (For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands, holding to the tradition of the elders, and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other traditions that they observe, such as the washing of cups and pots and copper vessels and dining couches.) And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him, ‘Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with defiled hands? And he said to them, ‘Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me; in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ ‘You leave the commandment of God and hold to the tradition of men.'” (7:1-7)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said to them, ‘You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition! . . .” (7:9)
1. FINDINGS: “. . . For Moses said, Honor your father and your mother’; and ‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.’ But you say, ‘If a man tells his father or his mother, ‘Whatever you would have gained from me is Corban’ (that is given to God)–then you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother, thus making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And many such things you do.'” (7:10-13)
2. CRITERIA: “One great design of Christ’s coming was, to set aside the ceremonial law; and to make way for this, he rejects the ceremonies men added to the law of God’s making. Those clean hands and that pure heart which Christ bestows on his disciples, and requires of them, are very different from the outward and superstitious forms of Pharisees of every age.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “But if a man conformed to the traditions of the Pharisees, they found a device to free him from the claim of this duty.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Pharisees laid great stress on ritual. They followed endless rules, both intricate and troublesome, as to ablutions and outward ceremonials. So long as their devotees were careful in the minor observances, they were permitted a wide license so far as the weightier matters of the Law were concerned. This is a natural tendency of the human heart. ” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “In the life of true holiness everything depends on the control of the thoughts. “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he.” With infinite wisdom the wise man said, “Keep thy heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life,” and Jesus put “evil-thoughts” first in the black category of the contents of the evil heart.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “That the hands should be often washed, that vessels of household use should be kept cleansed, that there should be decorum and neatness in the outward life, all these customs are good. But it becomes thee to inquire whether thou art not more eager for the outward than the inward cleanliness. “Create in me a clean heart,” should be thy constant prayer.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (What Defiles a Person): “And he called the people to him again and said to them, ‘Hear me, all of you, and understand: There is nothing outside a person that by going into him can defile him, but the things that come out of a person are what defile him.'” (7:14-16) Some manuscripts add verse 16: “If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.”
A. INFERENCE: “And when he had entered the house and left the people, his disciples asked him about the parable.” (7:17)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said to them, ‘Then are you also without understanding? Do you not see that whatever goes into a person from outside cannot defile him, since it enters not his heart but his stomach, and is expelled? (Thus he declared all foods clean.)” (7:18-19)
2. CRITERIA: “What comes out of a person is what defiles him. For from within, out of the heart of man, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, coveting, wickedness, deceit, sensuality, envy, slander, pride, foolishness. All these evil things come from within, and they defile a person.” (7:20-23)
3. CONDITION: “Our wicked thoughts and affection, words and actions, defile us, and these only.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “As a corrupt fountain sends forth corrupt streams, so does a corrupt heart send forth corrupt reasonings, corrupt appetites and passions, and all the wicked words and actions that come from them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “A spiritual understanding of the law of God, and a sense of the evil of sin, will cause a man to seek for the grace of the Holy Spirit, to keep down the evil thoughts and affection that work within.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Seek grace.

III. KEY TEXT (The Syrophoenician Woman’s Faith): “And from there he arose and went away to the region of Tyre and Sidon. And he entered a house and did not want anyone to know, yet he could not be hidden.” (7:24)
A. INFERENCE: “But immediately a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit heard of him and came and fell down at his feet.” (7:25)
1. FINDINGS: “Now the woman was a Gentile, a Syrophoenician by birth. And she begged him to cast the demon out of her daughter. And he said to her, ‘Let the children be fed first, for it is not right to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.'” (7:26-27)
2. CRITERIA: “But she answered him, ‘Yes, Lord; yet even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs. And he said to her, ‘For this statement you may go your way; the demon has left your daughter.'” (7:28-29)
3. CONDITION: “And she went home and found the child lying in bed and the demon gone.” (7:30)
4. CAUSE: “Christ never put any from him that fell at his feet, which a poor trembling soul may do. As she was a good woman, so a good mother. This sent her to Christ. His saying, Let the children first be filled, shows that there was mercy for the Gentiles, and not far off. She spoke, not as making light of the mercy, but magnifying the abundance of miraculous cures among the Jews, in comparison with which a single cure was but as a crumb.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Thus, while proud Pharisees are left by the blessed Savior, he manifests his compassion to poor humbled sinners, who look to him for children’s bread. He still goes about to seek and save the lost.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Meet Him when he comes.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Deaf Man): “Then he returned from the region of Tyre and went through Sidon to the Sea of Galilee, in the region of the Decapolis.” (7:31)
A. INFERENCE: “And they brought to him a man who was deaf and had a speech impediment, and they begged him to lay his hand on him.” (7:32)
1. FINDINGS: “And taking him aside from the crowd privately, he put his fingers into his ears, and after spitting touched his tongue. And looking up to heaven, he sighed and said to him, ‘Ephphatha,’ that is, ‘Be opened.’ And his ears were opened, his tongue was released, and he spoke plainly. And Jesus charged them to tell no one.” (7:33-36)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord used more outward actions in the doing of this cure than usual. These were only signs of Christ’s power to cure the man, to encourage his faith, and theirs that brought him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, ‘He has done all things well. He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak.” (7:36-37)
4. CAUSE: “Though we find great variety in the cases and manner of relief of those who applied to Christ, yet all obtained the relief they sought. Thus it still is in the great concerns of our souls.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When we stand in the light of eternity, we also shall say, as our Lord’s contemporaries did, ‘He hath done all things well.'” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Likewise, do all things well.

Mark 8:1, I. Jesus Feeds the Four Thousand; II. The Pharisees Demand a Sign; III. The Leaven of the Pharisees and Herod; IV. Jesus Heals a Blind Man at Bethsaida; V. Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ; VI. Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Feeds the Four Thousand): “In those days, when again a great crowd had gathered, and they had nothing to eat, he called his disciples to him and said to them, ‘I have compassion on the crowd, because they have been with me now three days and have nothing to eat.'” (8:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “‘And if I send them away hungry to their homes, they will faint on the way. And some of them have come from far away.’ And his disciples answered him, ‘How can one feed these people with bread here in this desolate place?'” (8:3-4)
1. FINDINGS: “And he asked them, ‘How many loaves do you have?’ They said, ‘Seven.’ And he directed the crowd to sit down on the ground. And he took the seven loaves, and having given thanks, he broke them and gave them to his disciples to set before the people; and they set them before the crowd. And they had a few small fish. And having blessed them, he said that these also should be set before them. And they ate and were satisfied. And they took up the broken pieces left over, seven baskets full.” (8:4-8)
2. CRITERIA: “And there were about four thousand people (plus women and children). And he sent them away.” (8:9)
3. CONDITION: “And immediately he got into the boat with his disciples and went to the district of Dalmanutha.” (8:10)
4. CAUSE: “His favors are renewed, as our wants and necessities are. And those need not fear want, who have Christ to live upon by faith, and do so with thanksgiving.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Notice the Master’s tender considerateness. (8:1-9) He would not have the people faint on their way home.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is good for those who follow Christ, to keep together. Christ fed them all. Christ’s sheep must abide in the flock, and in truth they shall be fed.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)

II. KEY TEXT (The Pharisees Demand a Sign): “The Pharisees came and began to argue with him, seeking from him a sign from heaven to test him.” (8:11)
A. INFERENCE: “And he sighed deeply in his spirit and said, ‘Why does this generation seek a sign? Truly, I say to you, no sign will be given to this generation.'” (8:12)
1. FINDINGS: “And he left them, got into the boat again, and went to the other side.” (8:13)
2. CRITERIA: “Obstinate unbelief will have something to say, though ever so unreasonable. Christ refused to answer their demand. If they will not be convinced, they shall not. Alas! what cause we have to lament for those around us, who destroy themselves and others by their perverse and obstinate unbelief, and enmity to the gospel!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “When we forget the works of God, and distrust him, we should chide ourselves severely, as Christ here reproves his disciples. How is it that we so often mistake his meaning, disregard his warnings, and distrust his providence?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “They thought that He was referring to their carelessness in omitting to take bread. How little they realized that the cause lay far deeper!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Let us be quick to read the divine intention in very simple incidents, and to learn that all God’s past dealings contain lessons for the present!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be convinced by the miracles of Jesus.

III. KEY TEXT (The Leaven of the Pharisees and Herod): “Now they had forgotten to bring bread, and they had only one loaf with them in the boat.” (8:14)
A. INFERENCE: “And he cautioned them, saying, ‘Watch out; beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.'” (8:15)
1. FINDINGS: “And they began discussing with one another the fact that they had no bread. And Jesus, aware of this, said to them, ‘Why are you discussing the fact that you have no bread? Do you not yet perceive or understand? Are your hearts hardened? Having eyes do you not see, and having ears do you not hear? And do you not remember?” (8:16-18)
2. CRITERIA: “When I broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up? They said to him, ‘Twelve.’ And the seven for the four thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up? And they said to him, ‘Seven.'” (8:19-20)
3. CONDITION: “And he said to them, ‘Do you not yet understand?'” (8:21)
4. CAUSE: “How is it that we so often mistake his meaning, disregard his warnings, and distrust his providence?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When we thus forge the works of God, and distrust him, we should chide ourselves severely for it, as Christ does his disciples here.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Trust Jesus.

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals a Blind Man at Bethsaida): “And they came to Bethsaida. And some people brought to him a blind man and begged him to touch him.” (8:22)
A. INFERENCE: “And he took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the village, and when he had spit on his eyes and laid his hands on him, he asked him, ‘Do you see anything?’ And he looked up and said, ‘I see men, but they look like trees, walking.'” (8:23-24)
1. FINDINGS: “Then Jesus laid his hands on his eyes again; and he opened his eyes, his sight was restored, and he saw everything clearly.” (8:25)
2. CRITERIA: “And he sent him to his home, saying, ‘Do not even enter the village.'” (8:26)
3. CONDITION: “Here is a blind man brought to Christ by his friends. Therein appeared the faith of those that brought him. If those who are spiritually blind, do not pray for themselves, yet their friends and relations should pray for them, that Christ would be pleased to touch them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The cure was wrought gradually, which was not usual in our Lord’s miracles. Christ showed in what method those commonly are healed by his grace, who by nature are spiritually blind.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “At first, their knowledge is confused; but, like the light of the morning, it shines more and more to the perfect day, and then they see all things clearly.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “There are three conditions to be fulfilled by those who have resolved to follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. 1. We must deny self; 2. Each must take up his cross; 3. We must think more of others than of ourselves. If these are realized, the soul is following Christ and making progress, even though it deems itself stagnant or drifting back.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: (Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ) “And Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi.” (8:27)
A. INFERENCE: “And on the way he asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say that I am?” (8:28)
1. FINDINGS: “And they told him, ‘John the Baptist; and others say, Elijah; and others, one of the prophets.’ And he asked them, ‘But who do you say that I am?’ Peter answered him, ‘You are the Christ.’ And he strictly charged them to tell no one about him.” (8:29-30)
2. CRITERIA: “These things are written, that we may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God. These miracles of our Lord assure us that he was not conquered, but a Conqueror.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
3. CONDITION: “Now the disciples are convinced that Jesus is the Christ; they may bear to hear of his sufferings, of which Christ here begins to give them notice. He sees that amiss in what we say and do, of which we ourselves are not aware, and knows what manner of spirit we are of, when we ourselves do not.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
4. CAUSE: “The wisdom of man is folly, when it pretends to limit the Divine counsels.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
5. EFFECT: “Peter did not rightly understand the nature of Christ’s kingdom (but he got the right answer: Jesus is the Christ.).” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Concordance)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Get the right answer like Peter.

VI. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection) “And he began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes and be killed, and after three days rise again.” (8:31)
A. INFERENCE: “And he said this plainly. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him.” (8:32)
1. FINDINGS: “But turning and seeing his disciples, he rebuked Peter and said, ‘Get behind me, Satan! For you are not setting you mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.'” (8:33)
2. CRITERIA: “And calling the crowd to him with his disciples, he said to them, ‘If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake and the gospel’s will save it. For what does it profit a man to gain the whole world and forfeit his soul? For what can a man give in return for his soul? For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him will the Son of Man also be ashamed when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.'” (8:34-38)
3. CONDITION: “Frequent notice is taken of the great flocking there was to Christ for help in various cases. All are concerned to know this, if they expect him to heal their souls. They must not indulge the ease of the body. As the happiness of heaven with Christ, is enough to make up for the loss of life itself for him, so the gain of all the world in sin, will not make up for the ruin of the soul by sin.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “And there is a day coming, when the cause of Christ will appear as glorious, as some now think it mean and contemptible.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “May we think of that season, and view every earthly object as we shall do at that great day.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Deny self, take up his cross, and follow him.

Mark 9:1, I. The Transfiguration; II. Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit; III. Jesus Again Foretells Death, Resurrection; IV. Who Is the Greatest?; V. Anyone Not Against Us Is for Us; VI. Temptation to Sin

I. KEY TEXT: (The Transfiguration) “And he said to them, ‘Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come with power (note Peter, James, and John below).'” (9:1)
A. INFERENCE: “And after six days Jesus took with him Peter and James and John, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. And he was transfigured before them, and his clothes became radiant, intensely white, as no one on earth could bleach them.” (9:2-4)
1. FINDINGS: “And there appeared to them Elijah with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus. And Peter said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good that we are here. Let us make three tents, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah.’ For he did not know what to say, for they were terrified. And a cloud overshadowed them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is my beloved Son, listen to him.’ And suddenly, looking around, they no longer saw anyone with them but Jesus only.” (9:5-8)
2. CRITERIA: “And as they were coming down the mountain, he charged them to tell no one what they had seen, until the Son of Man had risen from the dead.” (9:9)
3. CONDITION: “So they kept the matter to themselves, questioning what this rising from the dead might mean. And they asked him, ‘Why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?’ And he said to them, ‘Elijah does come first to restore all things, And how is it written of the Son of Man that he should suffer many things and be treated with contempt? But I tell you that Elijah has come, and they did to him whatever they pleased, as it is written of him.” (9:10-13)
4. CAUSE: “Therefore we must own and accept him as our beloved Savior, and must give up ourselves to be ruled by him. Christ does not leave the soul, when joys and comforts leave it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The Apostles had been gladdened by the promise of the coming Kingdom. The transfiguring light that shone from our Lord’s face differed from the shining of Moses’ face. With Moses the light was from without, and faded; but with Christ the light shone from within.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Note that Peter, James, and John did not taste death until they saw the kingdom of God after it has come with power on the Mount of Transfiguration. The rest of us must wait for it after death or at the rapture.

II. KEY TEXT: (Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit) “And when they came to the disciples, they saw a great crowd around them, and scribes arguing with them.” (9:14)
A. INFERENCE: “And immediately all the crowd, when they saw him, were greatly amazed and ran up to him and greeted him. And he asked them, ‘What are you arguing about with them?’ And someone from the crowd answered him, ‘Teacher, I brought my son to you, for he has a spirit that makes him mute. And whenever it seizes him, it throws him down, and he foams and grinds his teeth and becomes rigid. So I asked you disciples to cast it out, and they were not able.” (9:15-18)
1. FINDINGS: “And he answered them, ‘O faithless generation, how long am I to be with you” How long am I to bear with you” Bring him to me.’ And they brought the boy to him. And when the spirit saw him, immediately it convulsed the boy, and he fell on the ground and rolled about, foaming at the mouth. And Jesus asking his father, ‘How long has this been happening to him?’ And he said, ‘From childhood. And it has often cast him into fire and into water, to destroy him. But if you can do anything, have compassion on us and help us.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘If you can’! All things are possible for one who believes.’ Immediately the father of the child cried out and said, ‘I believe; help my unbelief!’ And when Jesus saw that a crowd came running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, ‘You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him and never enter him again.’ And after crying out and convulsing him terribly, it came out, and the boy was like a corpse, so that most of them said, ‘He is dead.'” (9:19-26)
2. CRITERIA: “But Jesus took him by the hand and lifted him up, and he arose.” (9:27)
3. CONDITION: “And when he had entered the house, his disciples asked him privately, ‘Why could we not cast it out?’ And he said to them, ‘This kind cannot be driven out by anything but prayer.'” (9:28-29)
4. CAUSE: “If thou canst believe, it is possible that thy hard heart may be softened, thy spiritual diseases may be cured; and, weak as thou art, thou mayest be able to hold out to the end. Those that complain of unbelief, must look up to Christ for grace to help them against it, and his grace will be sufficient for them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Whom Christ cures, he cures effectually. But Satan is unwilling to be driven from those that have been long his slaves, and, when he cannot deceive or destroy the sinner, he will cause him all the terror that he can.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The disciples (and us) must not think to do their work always with the same ease; some services call for more than ordinary pains.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT: (Jesus again Foretells Death, Resurrection) “They went on from there and passed through Galilee.” (9:30)
A. INFERENCE: “And he did not want anyone to know, for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them, ‘The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him.'” (9:30-31)
1. FINDINGS: “And when he is killed, after three days he will rise.” (9:31)
2. CRITERIA: “But they did not understand the saying, and were afraid to ask him.” (9:32)
3. CONDITION: “Still observe that when Christ spake of his death, he always spake of his resurrection, which took the reproach of it from himself, and should have taken the grief of it from his disciples.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: His pending death and resurrection; he wanted to prepare his disciples for the events ahead.
5. EFFECT: Uncertainty.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Trust Jesus, believe, follow.

IV. KEY TEXT: (Who IS the Greatest?) “And They came to Capernaum. And when he was in the house he asked them, ‘What were you discussing on the way”‘ But they kept silent, for on the way they had argued with one another about who was the greatest.” (9:33-34)
A. INFERENCE: “And he sat down and called the twelve.” (9:35)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said to them, ‘If anyone would be first, he must be last of all and servant of all.’ And he took a child and put him in the midst of them, and taking him in his arms, he said to them, ‘Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me, receives not me but him who sent me.'” (9:36-37)
2. CRITERIA: “Those who are most humble and self-denying, most resemble Christ, and shall be most tenderly owned by him. This Jesus taught them by a sign; whoever shall receive one like this child, receives me.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “How constantly the Master speaks of the little ones! He says that we must be converted to become like them; that to cause them to stumble will involve terrible penalties; that they are not to be despised; that each has an angel of the Father’s presence-chamber appointed to his charge; that to seek and to save one He is prepared as the shepherd to traverse the mountains; that it is not the Father’s will that one of them should perish.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How infinitely tender and humble was His love for them!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: Humility.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be humble.

IV. KEY TEXT: (Anyone Not Against Us is for Us) “John said to him, ‘Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he was not following us.'” (9:38)
A. INFERENCE: “But Jesus said, ‘Do not stop him, for no one who does a mighty work in my name will be able soon afterward to speak evil of me.'” (9:39)
1. FINDINGS: “‘For the one who is not against us is for us.'” (9:40)
2. CRITERIA: “For truly, I say to you, whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you belong to Christ will by no means lose his reward.” (9:41)
3. CONDITION: “Our Lord blamed the apostles, reminding them that he who wrought miracles in his name would not be likely to hurt his cause.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “If sinners are brought to repent, to believe in the Savior, and to live sober, righteous, and godly lives, we then see that the Lord works by the preacher.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “This is a reason why we must not disapprove of and discourage those who are serving the interests of Christ’s kingdom, though they may not in everything share our opinions and methods.” (Matthew Henry Commentary In One Volume)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Embrace the work of Christ in others in the field of harvest.

V. KEY TEXT: (Temptations to Sin) “Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him if a great millstone were hung around his neck and he were thrown into the sea.” (9:42)
A. INFERENCE: “And if your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than with two hands to go to hell, to the unquenchable fire. And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life lame than with two feet to be thrown into hell. And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into hell, where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched.” (9:43-47)
1. FINDINGS: “For everyone will be salted with fire. Salt is good, but if the salt has lost its saltiness, how will you make it salty again? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another.” (9:48-50)
2. CRITERIA: “It is repeatedly said of the wicked, Their worm dieth not, as well as, The fire is never quenched. Doubtless, remorse of conscience and keen self-reflection are this never-dying worm.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Surely it is beyond compare better to undergo all possible pain, hardship, and self-denial here, and to be happy for ever hereafter, than to enjoy all kinds of worldly pleasure for a season, and to be miserable for ever.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Like the sacrifices, we must be salted with salt; our corrupt affection must be subdued and mortified by the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Those that have the salt of grace, must show they have a living principle of grace in their hearts, which works out corrupt dispositions in the soul that would offend God, or our own consciences.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another.” (9:50)

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