Week #124; Wed, May 13: Matthew 22:1–26:75

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Matthew 22:1, I. The Parable of the Wedding Feast; II. Paying Taxes to Caesar; III. Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection; IV. The Great Commandment; V. Whose Son is the Christ?

I. KEY TEXT (The parable of the Wedding Feast): “And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, and sent his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. Again he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, See, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding feast.’ But they paid no attention and went off, one to his farm, another to his business, while the rest seized his servants, treated them shamefully, and killed them. The king was angry, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and burned their city.” (22:1-7)
A. INFERENCE: “Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding feast is ready, but those invited were not worthy. Go therefore to the main roads and invite to the wedding feast as many as you find. And those servants went out into the roads and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good. So the wedding hall was filled with guests.” (22:8-10)
1. FINDINGS: “But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ For many are called, but few are chosen.” (22:11-14)
2. CRITERIA: “The guests first invited were the Jews. When the prophets of the Old Testament prevailed not, nor John the Baptist, nor Christ himself, who told them the kingdom of God was at hand, the apostles and ministers of the gospel were sent, after Christ’s resurrection, to tell them it was come, and to persuade them to accept the offer.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “For many are called, but few are chosen.” (22:14)
4. CAUSE: “The reason why sinners come not to Christ and salvation by him, is, not because they cannot, but because they will not. (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Making light of Christ, and of the great salvation wrought out by him, is the damning sin of the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)”
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Multitudes perish for ever through mere carelessness, who show no direct aversion, but are careless as to their souls. Also the business and profit of worldly employments hinder many in closing with the Savior. Both farmers and merchants must be diligent; but whatever we have of the world in our hands, our care must be to keep it out of our hearts, lest it come between us and Christ.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Paying Taxes to Caesar): “Then the Pharisees went and plotted how to entangle him in his words. And they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, ‘Teacher, we know that you are true and teach the way of God truthfully, and you do not care about anyone’s opinion, for you are not swayed by appearances. Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?’ But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, ‘Why put me to the test, you hypocrites? Show me the coin for the tax.’ And they brought him a denarius.” (22:15-19)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to them, ‘Whose likeness and inscription is this?'” (22:20)
1. FINDINGS: “They said, ‘Caesar’s.’ Then he said to them, ‘Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s.'” (22:21)
2. CRITERIA: “Christ saw their wickedness. Whatever mask the hypocrite puts on, our Lord Jesus sees through it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Christ did not interpose as a judge in matters of this nature, for his kingdom is not of this world, but he enjoins peaceable subjection to the powers that be.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Christ is, and will be, the wonder, not only of his friends, but of his enemies.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When they heard it, they marveled. And they left him and went away.” (22:22)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “That coin indicated that the Romans were responsible for maintaining law and order. It was surely right that Caesar’s dues should be paid. But it was equally right to give to God the souls that He had redeemed. Are we as careful in rendering to God our hearts and lives as we are in paying our taxes and serving the state?” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection): “The same day ‘Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection, and they asked him a question, saying, ‘Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies having no children, his brother must marry the widow and raise up children for his brother.’ Now there were seven brothers among us. The first married and died, and having no children left his wife to his brother. So too the second and the third, down to the seventh. After them all, the woman died. In the resurrection, therefore, of the seven, whose wife will she be? For all had her.'” (22:23-28)
A. INFERENCE: “But Jesus answered them, ‘You are wrong, because you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. And as for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was said to you by God: I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not God of the dead, but of the living.’ And when the crowd heard it, they were astonished at his teaching.” (22:29-33)
1. FINDINGS: “Having thus silenced them, our Lord proceeded to show the truth of the doctrine of the resurrection from the books of Moses. God declared to Moses that he was the God of the patriarchs, who had died long before; this shows that they were then in a state of being, capable of enjoying his favor, and proves that the doctrine of the resurrection is clearly taught in the Old Testament as well as in the New.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “All errors arise from not knowing the Scriptures and the power of God. In this world death takes away one after another, and so ends all earthly hopes, joys, sorrows, and connections.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “How wretched are those who look for nothing better beyond the grave!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The great I AM would never have spoken of Himself as the God of the patriarchs, centuries after their earthly career had closed, unless they had been living somewhere still. It was certain that they were all alive; otherwise God would have said, ‘I was their God.'” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Death is not a chamber, but a passage; not an abiding-place, but a crossing over; not a state, but an act, an experience, a crossing of the bar, a going within the veil. (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the myriads who have warred and stormed over the earth, are living as intensely as ever.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Great Commandment): “But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together. And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. ‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” (22:34-36)
A. INFERENCE: “An interpreter of the law asked our Lord a question, to try, not so much his knowledge, as his judgment.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “And he said to him, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And the second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.'” (22:37-40)
2. CRITERIA: “Our love of God must be sincere, not in word and tongue only. All our love is too little to bestow upon him, therefore all the powers of the soul must be engaged for him, and carried out toward him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “There is a self-love which is corrupt, and the root of the greatest sins, and it must be put off and mortified; but there is a self-love which is the rule of the greatest duty: we must have a due concern for the welfare of our own souls and bodies. And we must love our neighbor as truly and sincerely as we love ourselves; in many cases we must deny ourselves for the good of others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Our Lord seemed to say: ‘Here is all Scripture in a nutshell; the whole range of human duty in a portable pocket form.’ We are reminded of Ecc:12:13. But what a magnificent definition is here given of pure and undefiled religion! (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The whole Law is gathered up in that one word love! See Rom:13:8-10.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Love.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Whose Son is the Christ?): “Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying, ‘What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?’ They said to him, ‘The son of David.’ He said to them, ‘How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet’? If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?’ And no one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions.” (22:41-45)
A. INFERENCE: “When Christ baffled his enemies, he asked what thoughts they had of the promised Messiah? How he could be the Son of David and yet his Lord? He quotes Psalms 110:1.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “He took upon him human nature, and so became God manifested in the flesh; in this sense he is the Son of man and the Son of David.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The question which the Master propounded to the scribes can be solved only by the admission of His two natures-divine and human-as existing in His one person.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “As David’s Lord He is divine; as his son, He was born of the Virgin. See Mat. 1:1.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “It behooves us above all things seriously to inquire, “What think we of Christ?”” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Is he altogether glorious in our eyes, and precious to our hearts? May Christ be our joy, our confidence, our all.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “May we daily be made more like to him, and more devoted to his service.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Matthew 23:1, I. Seven Woes to the Scribes and Pharisees; II. Lament over Jerusalem

I. KEY TEXT (Seven Woes to the Scribes and Pharisees): “Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, ‘The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat, so practice and observe whatever they tell you–but not what they do. For they preach, but do not practice.” (23:1-3)
A. INFERENCE: “They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to move them with their finger. They do all their deeds to be seen by others. For they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long, and they love the place of honor at feasts and the best seats in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces and being called rabbi by others. But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called instructors, for you have one instructor, the Christ. The greatest among you shall be your servant. Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.” (23:4-12)
1. FINDINGS: “The scribes and Pharisees explained the law of Moses, and enforced obedience to it. They are charged with hypocrisy in religion. We can only judge according to outward appearance; but God searches the heart.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Pride was the darling, reigning sin of the Pharisees, the sin that most easily beset them, and which our Lord Jesus takes all occasions to speak against. For him that is taught in the word to give respect to him that teaches, is commendable; but for him that teaches, to demand it, to be puffed up with it, is sinful. How much is all this against the spirit of Christianity!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The consistent disciple of Christ is pained by being put into chief places. But who that looks around on the visible church, would think this was the spirit required? It is plain that some measure of this antichristian spirit prevails in every religious society, and in every one of our hearts.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Pride.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Seven” woes (not living by what they preach, pride, exaltations, false oaths, hypocrites, greed and self-indulgence, righteousness in appearance only, lawlessness) of which Christ spoke to the Scribes and Pharisees are condemned and these things will come upon them. “The craving for this has been the temptation and bane of Christ’s ministers in every age.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Humble thy self.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Lament over Jerusalem): “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! ” (23:37)
A. INFERENCE: “How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not!” (23:37)
1. FINDINGS: “See, your house is left to you desolate.” (23:38)
2. CRITERIA: “For I tell you, you will not see me again, until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.'” (23:39)
3. CONDITION: “Our Lord declares the miseries the inhabitants of Jerusalem were about to bring upon themselves, but he does not notice the sufferings he was to undergo. A hen gathering her chickens under her wings, is an apt emblem of the Savior’s tender love to those who trust in him, and his faithful care of them. He calls sinners to take refuge under his tender protection, keeps them safe, and nourishes them to eternal life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The present dispersion and unbelief of the Jews, and their future conversion to Christ, were here foretold. Jerusalem and her children had a large share of guilt, and their punishment has been signal.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “But ere long, deserved vengeance will fall on every church which is Christian in name only.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “In the mean time the Savior stands ready to receive all who come to him. There is nothing between sinners and eternal happiness, but their proud and unbelieving unwillingness.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Matthew 24:1, I. Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple; II. Signs of the Close of the Age; III. The Abomination of Desolation; IV. The Coming of the Son of Man; V. The Lesson of the Fig Tree; VI. No One Knows That Day and Hour

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple): “Jesus left the temple and was going away, when his disciples came to point out to him the buildings of the temple.” (24:1)
A. INFERENCE: “But he answered them, ‘You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” (24:2)
1. FINDINGS: “Christ foretells the utter ruin and destruction coming upon the temple. A believing foresight of the defacing of all worldly glory, will help to keep us from admiring it, and overvaluing it. The most beautiful body soon will be food for worms, and the most magnificent building a ruinous heap. See ye not all these things? It will do us good so to see them as to see through them, and see to the end of them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Our Lord having gone with his disciples to the Mount of Olives, he set before them the order of the times concerning the Jews, till the destruction of Jerusalem; and as to men in general till the end of the world.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “It is best to consider these paragraphs as containing a double reference. In the first place, up to Mat:24:28, they evidently deal with the approaching fall of Jerusalem.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Our Lord describes the events which were to mark the consummation of the age, Mat:24:3” (F. B. Meyer)
5. EFFECT: “Antichrists, disturbances of physical and national conditions, the persecutions which the infant Church must encounter, the progress of the gospel, and finally the swoop of the Roman eagles on their prey-all these were to mark the close of the Hebrew dispensation and the birth of the Christian Church.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Be prepared to return with Him to the Mount of Olives.

II. KEY TEXT (Signs of the Close of the Age): “As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, ‘Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the close of the age?'” (24:3)
A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus answered them, ‘See that no one leads you astray. For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and they will lead many astray. And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not alarmed, for this must take place, but the end is not yet.” (24:4-6)
1. FINDINGS: “For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places. All these are but the beginning of the birth pains.” (24:7-8)
2. CRITERIA: “Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and put you to death, and you will be hated by all nations for my name’s sake. And then many will fall away and betray one another and hate one another. And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray. And because lawlessness will be increased, the love of many will grow cold.” (24:9-13)
3. CONDITION: “But the one who endures to the end will be saved.” (24:14)
4. CAUSE: “And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.” (24:14)
5. EFFECT: “When a people, by their sin, make themselves as loathsome carcasses, nothing can be expected but that God should send enemies to destroy them. It is very applicable to the day of judgment, the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in that day, 2 Thessalonians 2:1.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us give diligence to make our calling and election sure; then may we know that no enemy or deceiver shall ever prevail against us.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Abomination of Desolation): “So when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let the one who is on the housetop not go down to take what is in his house, and let the one who is in the field not turn back to take his cloak. And alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! Pray that your flight may not be in winter or on a Sabbath. For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and never will be.” (24:15-21)
A. INFERENCE: “And if those days had not been cut short, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.” (24:22)
1. FINDINGS: “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There he is!’ do not believe it. For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect.” (24:23-24)
2. CRITERIA: “See, I have told you beforehand. So, if they say to you, Look, he is in the wilderness, do not go out. If they say, ‘Look, he is in the inner rooms, do not believe it. For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will gather.” (24:25-28)
3. CONDITION: “Concerning Christ’s second coming, it is foretold that there shall be a great change, in order to the making all things new. Then they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds. At his first coming, he was set for a sign that should be spoken against, but at his second coming, a sign that should be admired.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Sooner or later, all sinners will be mourners; but repenting sinners look to Christ, and mourn after a godly sort; and those who sow in those tears shall shortly reap in joy. Impenitent sinners shall see Him whom they have pierced, and, though they laugh now, shall mourn and weep in endless horror and despair.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The elect of God are scattered abroad; there are some in all places, and all nations; but when that great gathering day comes, there shall not one of them be missing. Distance of place shall keep none out of heaven. Our Lord declares that the Jews should never cease to be a distinct people, until all things he had been predicting were fulfilled. His prophecy reaches to the day of final judgment; therefore he here, ver. 34, foretells that Judah shall never cease to exist as a distinct people, so long as this world shall endure. Men of the world scheme and plan for generation upon generation here, but they plan not with reference to the overwhelming, approaching, and most certain event of Christ’s second coming, which shall do away every human scheme, and set aside for ever all that God forbids. That will be as surprising a day, as the deluge to the old world. Apply this, first, to temporal judgments, particularly that which was then hastening upon the nation and people of the Jews. Secondly, to the eternal judgment. Christ here shows the state of the old world when the deluge came. They were secure and careless; they knew not, until the flood came; and they believed not. Did we know aright that all earthly things must shortly pass away, we should not set our eyes and hearts so much upon them as we do.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Am I prepared to meet him? Can I stand before him? And what, in fact, is the day of judgment to the whole world, but the day of death to every one?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Coming of the Son of Man): “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” (24:29-31)
A. INFERENCE: “Just as one who looks across a mountainous country may count the successive ranks of sierras or ranges, but does not record the valleys that lie between, so our Lord, who speaks as the last of the Hebrew prophets, does not stop to notice the story of the Church, but confines Himself to the events which are specially Hebrew.” (F. B. Meyers Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Impenitent sinners shall see Him whom they have pierced, and, though they laugh now, shall mourn and weep in endless horror and despair.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “The elect of God are scattered abroad; there are some in all places, and all nations; but when that great gathering day comes, there shall not one of them be missing. Distance of place shall keep none out of heaven. Our Lord declares that the Jews should never cease to be a distinct people, until all things he had been predicting were fulfilled.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “His prophecy reaches to the day of final judgment; therefore he here, ver. 34, foretells that Judah shall never cease to exist as a distinct people, so long as this world shall endure. Men of the world scheme and plan for generation upon generation here, but they plan not with reference to the overwhelming, approaching, and most certain event of Christ’s second coming, which shall do away every human scheme, and set aside for ever all that God forbids.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “That will be as surprising a day, as the deluge to the old world. Apply this, first, to temporal judgments, particularly that which was then hastening upon the nation and people of the Jews. Secondly, to the eternal judgment. Christ here shows the state of the old world when the deluge came. They were secure and careless; they knew not, until the flood came; and they believed not. Did we know aright that all earthly things must shortly pass away, we should not set our eyes and hearts so much upon them as we do.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “What words can more strongly describe the suddenness of our Savior’s coming! Men will be at their respective businesses, and suddenly the Lord of glory will appear. Women will be in their house employments, but in that moment every other work will be laid aside, and every heart will turn inward and say, It is the Lord!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Am I prepared to meet him? Can I stand before him? And what, in fact, is the day of judgment to the whole world, but the day of death to every one?” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (The Lesson of the Fig Tree): “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.” (24:32-35)
A. INFERENCE: “To watch for Christ’s coming, is to maintain that temper of mind which we would be willing that our Lord should find us in. We know we have but a little time to live, we cannot know that we have a long time to live; much less do we know the time fixed for the judgment.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “Our Lord’s coming will be happy to those that shall be found ready, but very dreadful to those that are not. If a man, professing to be the servant of Christ, be an unbeliever, covetous, ambitious, or a lover of pleasure, he will be cut off.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “Those who choose the world for their portion in this life, will have hell for their portion in the other life.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “May our Lord, when he cometh, pronounce us blessed, and present us to the Father, washed in his blood, purified by his Spirit, and fit to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Watchfulness is keeping awake! We are beset by temptations to sleep. Bunyan said that we are traveling over the Enchanted Ground, the air of which is very heavy and sleep-producing. How dull we are to perceive the unseen, or to meet the great opportunities of life! Broken up alludes to the mud or clay house which could not keep off the thief. Death breaks in and carries us away from all of our treasures. See 1Th:5:2; 1Th:5:4.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “We had best wait for our Lord while engaged in carefully discharging our appointed tasks. The Church is a big household in which each has his niche. “To labor is to pray;” to serve is to be ready. (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “The hour of our death is as uncertain as that of His coming in the clouds. For each, we should be ready!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (No One Knows That Day and Hour): “But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.” (24:36)
A. INFERENCE: “For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.” (24:37-39)
1. FINDINGS: “Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left. Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one left. Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming.” (24:40-43)
2. CRITERIA: “But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into.” (24:43)
3. CONDITION: “Therefore you also must be ready, for the son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.” (24:44)
4. CAUSE: “Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his household, to give them their food at the proper time? Blessed is that servant whom his master will find so doing when he comes. Truly, I say to you, he will set him over all his possessions.” (24:45-47)
5. EFFECT: “But if that wicked servant says to himself, ‘My master is delayed,’ and begins to beat his fellow servants and eats and drinks with drunkards, the master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know and will cut him in pieces and put him with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (24:48-50)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “We had best wait for our Lord while engaged in carefully discharging our appointed tasks. The Church is a big household in which each has his niche. “To labor is to pray;” to serve is to be ready.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

Matthew 25:1, I. The Parable of the Ten Virgins; II. The Parable of the Talents; III. The Final Judgment

I. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Ten Virgins): “Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them, but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps.” (25:1-4)
A. INFERENCE: “As the bridegroom was delayed, they all became drowsy and slept.” (25:5)
1. FINDINGS: “But at midnight there was a cry, ‘Here is the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.'” (25:6)
2. CRITERIA: “Then all those virgins rose and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.'” (25:7-8)
3. CONDITION: “But the wise answered, saying, ‘Since there will not be enough for us and for you, go rather to the dealers and buy for yourselves.'” (25:9)
4. CAUSE: “And while they were going to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut.” (25:10)
5. EFFECT: “Afterward the other virgins came also, saying, Lord, lord, open to us.’ But he answered, ‘Truly, I say to you, I do not know you.'” (25:11-12)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour.” (25:13)

II. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Talents): “For it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted to them his property. To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away.” (25:14-15)
A. INFERENCE: “He who had received the five talents went at once and traded with them, and he made five talents more. So also he who had the two talents made two talents more. But he who had received the one talent went and dug in the ground and hid his master’s money.” (25:14-18)
1. FINDINGS: “Now after a long time the master of those servants came and settled accounts with them. And he who had received the five talents came forward, bring five talents more, saying, ‘Master, you delivered to me five talents; here I have made five talents more.’ His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a little; I will set you over much. Enter into the joy of your master.’ And he also who had the two talents came forward, saying, ‘Master, you delivered to me two talents; here I have made two talents more.’ His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a little; I will set you over much. Enter into the joy of your master.’ He also who had received the one talent came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you scattered no seed, so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here you have what is yours.'” (25:19-25)
2. CRITERIA: “But his master answered him, ‘You wicked and slothful servant! You knew that I reap where I have not sown and gather where I scattered no seed? Then you ought to have invested my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received what was my own with interest.” (25:26-27)
3. CONDITION: “So take the talent from him and give it to him who has the ten talents. For to everyone who has will more be given, and he will have an abundance. But from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.” (25:28-29)
4. CAUSE: “And cast the worthless servant into the outer darkness.” (25:30)
5. EFFECT: “In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'” (25:30)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us not envy sinners, or covet any of their perishing possessions.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (The Final Judgment): “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. And he will place the sheep on his right, but the goats on the left. Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.” (25:31-34)
A. INFERENCE: “For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.'” (25:35-36)
1. FINDINGS: “Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? And when did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you? And when did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?'” (25:37-39)
2. CRITERIA: “And the King will answer them, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.'” (25:40)
3. CONDITION: “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.” (25:41)
4. CAUSE: “For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’ Then they also will answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to you? Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.'” (25:42-45)
5. EFFECT: “And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.” (25:46)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It is God that makes heirs of heaven. We are not to suppose that acts of bounty will entitle to eternal happiness. Good works done for God’s sake, through Jesus Christ, are here noticed as marking the character of believers made holy by the Spirit of Christ, and as the effects of grace bestowed on those who do them. The wicked in this world were often called to come to Christ for life and rest, but they turned from his calls; and justly are those bid to depart from Christ, that would not come to him. Condemned sinners will in vain offer excuses. The punishment of the wicked will be an everlasting punishment; their state cannot be altered. Thus life and death, good and evil, the blessing and the curse, are set before us, that we may choose our way, and as our way so shall our end be.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

Matthew 26:1, I. The Plot to Kill Jesus; II. Jesus Anointed at Bethany; III. Judas to Betray Jesus; IV. The Passover with the Disciples; V. Institution of the Lord’s Supper; VI. Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial; VII. Jesus Prays in Gethsemane; VIII. Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus; IX. Jesus Before Caiaphas and the Council; X. Peter Denies Jesus

I. KEY TEXT (The Plot to Kill Jesus): “When Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said to his disciples, ‘You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.” (26:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, and plotted together in order to arrest Jesus by stealth and kill him. But they said, ‘Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar among the people.'” (26:3-5)
1. FINDINGS: “Our Lord had often told of his sufferings as at a distance, now he speaks of them as at hand.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “At the same time the Jewish council consulted how they might put him to death secretly. But it pleased God to defeat their intention.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Jesus, the true paschal Lamb, was to be sacrificed for us at that very time, and his death and resurrection rendered public.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “How great the contrast between the plotting in the court of Caiaphas and the approaching love-ministry of Bethany!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Perhaps Mary was the only one who had really entered into the meaning of the Lord’s words and had realized the scenes of suffering that lay before Him.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Give us the spontaneous expression of love for Jesus” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Anointed at Bethany): “Now when Jesus was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, a woman came up to him with an alabaster flask of very expensive ointment, and she poured it on his head as he reclined at table.” (26:6-7)
A. INFERENCE: “And when the disciples saw it, they were indignant, saying, ‘Why this waste? For this could have been sold for a large sum and given to the poor.'” (26:8-9)
1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, ‘Why do you trouble the woman? For she has done a beautiful thing to me. For you always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me.” (26:10-11)
2. CRITERIA: “”In pouring this ointment on my body, she had done it to prepare me for burial.” (26:12)
3. CONDITION: “‘Truly, I say to you, wherever this gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will also be told in memory of her.” (26:13)
4. CAUSE: “The pouring ointment upon the head of Christ was a token of the highest respect. Where there is true love in the heart to Jesus Christ, nothing will be thought too good to bestow upon him.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “This act of faith and love was so remarkable, that it would be reported, as a memorial of Mary’s faith and love, to all future ages, and in all places where the gospel should be preached. This prophecy is fulfilled.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Love the Lord with the love of Mary.

III. KEY TEXT (Judas to Betray Jesus): “Then one of the twelve, whose name was Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, ‘What will you give me if I deliver him over to you? And they paid him thirty pieces of silver. And from that moment he sought an opportunity to betray him.” (26:14-16)
A. INFERENCE: “There were but twelve called apostles, and one of them was like a devil; surely we must never expect any society to be quite pure on this side heaven. The greater profession men make of religion, the greater opportunity they have of doing mischief, if their hearts be not right with God. Observe, that Christ’s own disciple, who knew so well his doctrine and manner of his life, and was false to him, could not charge him with any thing criminal, though it would have served to justify his treachery.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “It is not the lack, but the love of money, that is the root of all evil. After he had made that wicked bargain, Judas had time to repent, and to revoke it; but when lesser acts of dishonesty have hardened the conscience men do without hesitation that which is more shameful.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “None of us should sit at the table of the Lord without careful self-examination and confession. We all need to say, Lord, is it I? and to ask that we may be clad in the white robes through His precious blood.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “Remember, also, that they who in all humility and self-distrust fear lest they should commit the deed of treachery, are always the ones to whom it will be impossible.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “The Lord had a great desire to eat this last meal with His own; and it was a proof of His loving anticipation of the strain to which they were to be exposed in soul and body, that He had made arrangements for it with some secret disciple.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “How glad this loving soul must have been to make the loan of that guest chamber!-but have you placed your heart at His disposal? See 1Co:5:7.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Make the loan of that guest chamber and anything else the Teacher needs.” (26:17)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Passover with the Disciples): “Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, ‘Where will you have us prepare for you to eat the Passover? He said, ‘Go into the city to a certain man and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, My time is at hand. I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples. And the disciples did as Jesus had directed them, and they prepared the Passover.” (26:17-19)
A. INFERENCE: “When it was evening, he reclined at table with the twelve. And as they were eating, he said, ‘Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.’ And they were very sorrowful and began to say to him one after another, ‘Is it I, Lord?'” (26:20)
1. FINDINGS: “He answered, He who has dipped his hand in the dish with me will betray me.” (26:23)
2. CRITERIA: “The Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.'” (26:24)
3. CONDITION: “Judas, who would betray him, answered, ‘Is it I, Rabbi?’ He said to him, ‘You have said so.'” (26:25)
4. CAUSE: “Heart-searching examination and fervent prayer are especially proper before the Lord’s supper, that, as Christ our Passover is now sacrificed for us, we may keep this feast, renewing our repentance, our faith in his blood, and surrendering ourselves to his service.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “It was a time of testing as well as of fellowship. None of us should sit at the table of the Lord without careful self-examination and confession. We all need to say, Lord, is it I? and to ask that we may be clad in the white robes through His precious blood. Remember, also, that they who in all humility and self-distrust fear lest they should commit the deed of treachery, are always the ones to whom it will be impossible.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Self-examine continuously.

V. KEY TEXT (Institution of the Lord’s Supper): “Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, ‘Take, eat; this is my body.’ And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, ‘Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.'” (26:26-29)
A. INFERENCE: “This ordinance of the Lord’s supper is to us the Passover supper, by which we commemorate a much greater deliverance than that of Israel out of Egypt. Take, eat; accept of Christ as he is offered to you; receive the atonement, approve of it, submit to his grace and his government.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
1. FINDINGS: “This is my body; that is, spiritually, it signifies and represents his body. We partake of the sun, not by having the sun put into our hands, but the beams of it darted down upon us; so we partake of Christ by partaking of his grace, and the blessed fruits of the breaking of his body. The blood of Christ is signified and represented by the wine. He gave thanks, to teach us to look to God in every part of the ordinance. This cup he gave to the disciples with a command, Drink ye all of it. The pardon of sin is that great blessing which is, in the Lord’s supper, conferred on all true believers; it is the foundation of all other blessings.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
2. CRITERIA: “While we look at the outward signs of Christ’s body broken and his blood shed for the remission of our sins, let us recollect that the feast cost him as much as though he had literally given his flesh to be eaten and his blood for us to drink.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The Passover looked back to the dread hour of the Exodus; the Supper links Calvary with the Second Advent. In partaking of it we should not confine ourselves to either retrospect or anticipation, but should endeavor to feed our souls with the very spirit and heart of our dear Lord, so as to absorb His divine strength, sweetness and love.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “We need to feed on His flesh and drink of His blood after a mystical fashion, so that He may become the Life of our life.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “The former things will have passed away-such was our Lord’s anticipation!” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Self-examine continuously.

VI. KEY TEXT (Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial): “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Then Jesus said to them, ‘You will all fall away because of me this night. For it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.'” (26:30-32)
A. INFERENCE: “Peter answered him, ‘Though they all fall away because of you, I will never fall away.'” (26:33)
1. FINDINGS: “Jesus said to him, ‘Truly, I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.’ Peter said to him, ‘Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you!’ And all the disciples said the same.” (26:34-35)
2. CRITERIA: “Improper self-confidence, like that of Peter, is the first step to a fall.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “There is a proneness in all of us to be over-confident. But those fall soonest and foulest, who are the most confident in themselves.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Those are least safe, who think themselves most secure.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “Satan is active to lead such astray; they are most off their guard: God leaves them to themselves, to humble them.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “In addition to Peter, all the disciples said the same.” (26:35)

VII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Prays in Gethsemane): “Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, ‘Sit here, while I go over there and pray.’ And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled. Then he said to them, ‘My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with me.” (26:36-38)
A. INFERENCE: “And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, saying, ‘My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.'” (26:39)
1. FINDINGS: “And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping. And he said to Peter, ‘So, could you not watch with me one hour? Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.’ Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed, ‘My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, your will be done.’ And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. So leaving them again he went away and prayed for the third time, saying the same words again.” (26:40-44)
2. CRITERIA: “Then he came to the disciples and said to them, ‘Sleep and take your rest later on. See, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.” (26:45)
3. CONDITION: “Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.” (26:46)
4. CAUSE: “He who made atonement for the sins of mankind, submitted himself in a garden of suffering, to the will of God, from which man had revolted in a garden of pleasure. Christ took with him into that part of the garden where he suffered his agony, only those who had witnessed his glory in his transfiguration. Those are best prepared to suffer with Christ, who have by faith beheld his glory. The words used denote the most entire dejection, amazement, anguish, and horror of mind; the state of one surrounded with sorrows, overwhelmed with miseries, and almost swallowed up with terror and dismay.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “To be secured from this, we should watch and pray, and continually look unto the Lord to hold us up that we may be safe. Doubtless our Lord had a clear and full view of the sufferings he was to endure, yet he spoke with the greatest calmness till this time.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “It was as though He knew and felt that though the past had gone beyond recall, yet further opportunities and testings were awaiting them and Him. These they would encounter and share in company. He is always saying to us, however unworthy-Let us be going.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

VIII. KEY TEXT (Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus): “While he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people. Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, ‘The one I will kiss is the man; seize him.’ And he came up to Jesus at once and said, ‘Greetings, Rabbi!’ And he kissed him.” (26:47-49)
A. INFERENCE: “Jesus said to him, ‘Friend, do what you came to do.’ Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him.” (26:50)
1. FINDINGS: “And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, ‘Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword. Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels?” (26:51-53)
2. CRITERIA: “But how then should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?” (26:54)
3. CONDITION: “At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, ‘Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I sat in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. But all this has taken place that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.’ Then all the disciples left him and fled.” (26:55-56)
4. CAUSE: “No enemies are so much to be abhorred as those professed disciples that betray Christ with a kiss. God has no need of our services, much less of our sins, to bring about his purposes. Though Christ was crucified through weakness, it was voluntary weakness; he submitted to death.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “If he had not been willing to suffer, they could not conquer him. It was a great sin for those who had left all to follow Jesus; now to leave him for they knew not what. What folly, for fear of death to flee from Him, whom they knew and acknowledged to be the Fountain of life!” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Others die because they are born; He was born that He might die.” (F. B. Meyer Commentary)

IX. KEY TEXT (Jesus Before Caiaphas and the Council): “Then those who had seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. And Peter was following him at a distance, as far as the courtyard of the high priest, and going inside he sat with the guards to see the end.” (26:57-58)
A. INFERENCE: “Now the chief priests and the whole Council were seeking false testimony against Jesus that they might put him to death, but they found none, though many false witnesses came forward. At last two came forward and said, ‘This man said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it in three days.'” (26:59-61)
1. FINDINGS: “And the high priest stood up and said, ‘Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you? But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, ‘I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.’ Jesus said to him, ‘You have said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Poower and coming on the clouds of heaven.'” (26:62-63)
2. CRITERIA: “Jesus said to him, ‘You have said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.'” (26:64)
3. CONDITION: “Then the high priest tore his robes and said, ‘He has uttered blasphemy, What further witnessed do we need? You have now heard his blasphemy. What is your judgment?’ They answered, ‘He deserves death.’ Then they spit in his face and struck him. And some slapped him, saying, ‘Prophesy to us, you Christ! Who is it that struck you?” (26:65-68)
4. CAUSE: “The event is God’s, but the duty is ours. Now the Scriptures were fulfilled, which said, False witnesses are risen up against me. Christ was accused, that we might not be condemned; and if at any time we suffer thus, let us remember we cannot expect to fare better than our Master.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “When Christ was made sin for us, he was silent, and left it to his blood to speak. Hitherto Jesus had seldom professed expressly to be the Christ, the Son of God; the tenor of his doctrine spoke it, and his miracles proved it; but now he would not omit to make an open confession of it.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us confess Christ’s name, and bear the reproach, and he will confess us before his Father’s throne.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

X. KEY TEXT (Peter Denies Jesus): “Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. And a servant girl came up to him and said, ‘You also were with Jesus the Galilean.’ But he denied it before them all, saying, ‘I do not know what you mean.’ And when he went out to the other entrance, another servant girl saw him, and she said to the bystanders, ‘This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.’ And again he denied it with an oath: ‘I do not know the man.’ After a little while the bystanders came up and said to Peter, ‘Certainly you too are one of them, for you accent betrays you.’ Then he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, ‘I do not know the man.'” (26:69-74)
A. INFERENCE: “And immediately the rooster crowed.” (26:74)
1. FINDINGS: “And Peter remembered the saying of Jesus, ‘Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.’ And he went out and wept bitterly.” (26:75)
2. CRITERIA: “Peter’s sin was aggravated; but he fell into the sin by surprise, not as Judas, with design. But conscience should be to us as the crowing of the cock, to put us in mind of the sins we had forgotten. Peter was thus left to fall, to abate his self-confidence, and render him more modest, humble, compassionate, and useful to others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
3. CONDITION: “The event has taught believers many things ever since, and if infidels, Pharisees, and hypocrites stumble at it or abuse it, it is at their peril. Little do we know how we should act in very difficult situations, if we were left to ourselves. Let him, therefore, that thinketh he standeth, take heed lest he fall; let us all distrust our own hearts, and rely wholly on the Lord.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
4. CAUSE: “Peter wept bitterly. Sorrow for sin must not be slight, but great and deep. Peter, who wept so bitterly for denying Christ, never denied him again, but confessed him often in the face of danger.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
5. EFFECT: “True repentance for any sin will be shown by the contrary grace and duty; that is a sign of our sorrowing not only bitterly, but sincerely.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Do not defect from the Lord.

2 thoughts on “Week #124; Wed, May 13: Matthew 22–26

  1. Interesting perspective: And we must love our neighbor as truly and sincerely as we love ourselves; in many cases we must deny ourselves for the good of others.” (Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary)

  2. Matthew 24:31 tells of Jesus talking to His disciples about the Jews after the rapture. The saints will already be raptured up with Jesus by the time the events He is teaching will occur (covered in sermon of Nov. 17, 2019). The Jews and unbelievers that are left behind at the rapture that become believers will be gathered from the four winds by his angels. The 144,000 and Luke 21:27 pertain.

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