Week #122; Wed, Apr 29: Matthew 10:1–14:36

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Matthew 10:1, I. The Twelve Apostles; II. Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles; III. Persecution Will Come; IV. Have No Fear; V. Not Peace, but a Sword; VI. Rewards

I. KEY TEXT (The Twelve Apostles): “And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every affliction.” (10:1)

A. INFERENCE: “And he went up on the mountain and called to him those whom he desired, and they came to him. And he appointed twelve (whom he also named apostles) so that they might be with him and he might send them out to preach and have authority to cast out demons.” (Mark 3:13-15)

1. FINDINGS: “And he called the twelve and began to send them out two by two, and gave them authority over the unclean spirits.” (Mark 6:7)

2. CRITERIA: “He charged them to take nothing for their journey except a staff–no bread, no bag, no money in their belts–but to wear sandals and not put on two tunics.” (Mark 6:8-9)

3. CONDITION: “And he said to them, ‘Whenever you enter a house, stay there until you depart from there. And if any place will not receive you and they will not listen to you depart from there. And if any place will not receive you and they will not listen to you, when you leave, shake off the dust that is on your feet as a testimony against them.” (Mark 6:10-13)

4. CAUSE: “So they went out and proclaimed that people should repent. And they cast out many demons and anointed with oil many who were sick and healed them.” (Mark 6:12-13)

5. EFFECT: “The word “apostle” signifies messenger; they were Christ’s messengers, sent forth to proclaim his kingdom. Christ gave them power to heal all manner of sickness. In the grace of the gospel there is a salve for every sore, a remedy for every malady. There is no spiritual disease, but there is power in Christ for the cure of it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . to heal and cast out demons.” (Matthew 10:1)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles): “These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them, ‘Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And proclaim as you go, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’ Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons. You received without paying; give without pay. Acquire no gold nor silver nor copper for your belts, no bag for your journey, nor two tunics nor sandals, nor a staff, for the laborers deserves his food. And whatever town or village you enter, find out who is worthy in it and stay there until you depart. As you enter the house, greet it. And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it, but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. And anyone will not receive you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet when you leave that house or town.” (10:5-14)

A. INFERENCE: “‘Truly, I say to you, it will be more bearable on that day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town.'” (10:15)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And proclaim as you go, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.'” (10:6-7)

2. CRITERIA: “Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons.” (10:8)

3. CONDITION: “You received without paying; give without pay. Acquire no gold nor silver nor copper for your belts, no bag for your journey, nor two tunics nor sandals, nor a staff, for the laborers deserves his food. And whatever town or village you enter, find out who is worthy in it and stay there until you depart. As you enter the house, greet it. And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it, but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. And anyone will not receive you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet when you leave that house or town.” (10:8-14)

4. CAUSE: “Wherever they went they must proclaim, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. They preached, to establish the faith; the kingdom, to animate the hope; of heaven, to inspire the love of heavenly things, and the contempt of earthly; which is at hand, that men may prepare for it without delay.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Truly, I say to you, it will be more bearable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town.” (10:15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Proclaim, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.'” (10:7)

III. KEY TEXT (Persecution Will Come): “‘Behold, I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves, so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves. Beware of men, for they will deliver you over to courts and flog you in their synagogues, and you will be dragged before governors and kings for my sake, to bear witness before them and the Gentiles.'” (10:16-18)

A. INFERENCE: “When they deliver you over, do not be anxious how you are to speak or what you are to say, for what you are to say will be given to you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.” (10:19-20)

1. FINDINGS: “Brother will deliver brother over to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death, and you will be hated by all for my name’s sake.” (10:21-22)

2. CRITERIA: “But the one who endures to the end will be saved.” (10:22)

3. CONDITION: “When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next, for truly, I say to you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.” (10:23)

4. CAUSE: “A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. It is enough for the disciple to be like his teacher, and the servant like his master.” (10:24-25)

5. EFFECT: “If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more will they malign those of his household.” (10:25)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Endure to the end.” (10:22)

IV. KEY TEXT (Have No Fear): “So have no fear of them, for nothing is covered that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.” (10:26)

A. INFERENCE: “What I tell you in the dark, say in the light, and what you hear whispered proclaim on the housetops.” (10:27)

1. FINDINGS: “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul.” (10:28)

2. CRITERIA: “Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.” (10:28)

3. CONDITION: “Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. But even the hairs of your head are all numbered.” (10:29-30)

4. CAUSE: “Fear not, therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.” (10:31)

5. EFFECT: “So everyone who acknowledges me before men, I also will acknowledge before my Father who is in heaven, but whoever denies me before men, I also will deny before my Father who is in heaven.” (10:32)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Christ does not say that they deserve a reward; for we cannot merit any thing from the hand of God; but they shall receive a reward from the free gift of God. Let us boldly confess Christ, and show love to him in all things.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT (Not Peace; but a Sword): “Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.” (10:34)

A. INFERENCE: “For I have come to set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. And a person’s enemies will be those of his own household.” (10:35-36)

1. FINDINGS: “Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me, and whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.” (10:37)

2. CRITERIA: “And whoever does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me.” (10:38)

3. CONDITION: “Whoever finds his life will lose it and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.” (10:39)

4. CAUSE: “It is our duty, not only to believe in Christ, but to profess that faith, in suffering for him, when we are called to it, as well as in serving him. That denial of Christ only is here meant which is persisted in, and that confession only can have the blessed recompense here promised, which is the real and constant language of faith and love. Religion is worth every thing; all who believe the truth of it, will come up to the price, and make every thing else yield to it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Christ will lead us through sufferings, to glory with him. Those are best prepared for the life to come, that sit most loose to this present life.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lose our life for His sake. See graphic illustration at: http://jwaministries.net/Cartesian_3D_Cube.gif

VI. KEY TEXT (Rewards): “Whoever receives you receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me.” (10:40)

A. INFERENCE: “The one who receives a prophet because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and the one who receives a righteous person because he is a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward.” (10:41)

1. FINDINGS: “And whoever gives one of these little ones even a cup of cold water because he is a disciple, truly, I say to you, he will by no means lose his reward.” (10:42)

2. CRITERIA: “Though the kindness done to Christ’s disciples be ever so small, yet if there be occasion for it, and ability to do no more, it shall be accepted. Let us boldly confess Christ, and show love to him in all things.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Christ does not say that they deserve a reward; for we cannot merit any thing from the hand of God; but they shall receive a reward from the free gift of God.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “‘The one who hears you hears me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me.'” (Luke 10:16)

5. EFFECT: “Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.” (John 13:20)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us boldly confess Christ, and show love to him in all things.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)”

Matthew 11:1, I. Messengers from John the Baptist; II. Woe to Unrepentant Cities; III. Come to Me; I Will Give You Rest

I. KEY TEXT (Messengers from John the Baptist): “Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to him, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?'” (11:2)

A. INFERENCE: “‘Go and tell John what you hear and see: the blind receive their sight and the lame walk, lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them.'” (11:4-5)

1. FINDINGS: “‘And blessed is the one who is not offended by me.'” (11:6)

2. CRITERIA: “Some think that John sent this inquiry for his own satisfaction. Where there is true faith, yet there may be a mixture of unbelief. The remaining unbelief of good men may sometimes, in an hour of temptation, call in question the most important truths.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “But we hope that John’s faith did not fail in this matter, and that he only desired to have it strengthened and confirmed. Others think that John sent his disciples to Christ for their satisfaction. Christ points them to what they heard and saw.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “As they went away, Jesus began to speak to the crowds concerning John: ‘What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who wear soft clothing are in kings houses. What then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written. ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.'” (11:7-10)

5. EFFECT: “Truly, I say to you, among those born of women there has arisen no one greater than John the Baptist. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.” (11:11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “For all the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John, and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.” (11:14-15)

II. KEY TEXT (Woe to Unrepentant Cities): “Then he began to denounce the cities where most of his mighty works had been done, because they did not repent.” (11:20)

A. INFERENCE: “‘Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. But I tell you, it will be more bearable on the day of judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you.” And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You will be brought down to Hades. For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. But I tell you that it will be more tolerable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom than for you. (11:21-24)

1. FINDINGS: “Woe to you . . . ” (11:21)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . on the day of judgment.” (11:22)

3. CONDITION: “. . . if . . . it would . . .” (11:23)

4. CAUSE: “. . . it will . . . than . . .” (11:24)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord exercises his almighty power, yet he punishes none more than they deserve, and never withholds the knowledge of the truth from those who long after it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentry)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Long for the knowledge of truth.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Come to Me; I Will Give You Rest): “At that time Jesus declared, ‘I thank you Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was you gracious will.” (11:25-26)

A. INFERENCE: “All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.” (11:27)

1. FINDINGS: “Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.” (11:28-29)

2. CRITERIA: “For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” (11:30)

3. CONDITION: “It becomes children to be grateful. When we come to God as a Father, we must remember that he is Lord of heaven and earth, which obliges us to come to him with reverence as to the sovereign Lord of all; yet with confidence, as one able to defend us from evil, and to supply us with all good. Our blessed Lord added a remarkable declaration, that the Father had delivered into his hands all power, authority, and judgment. We are indebted to Christ for all the revelation we have of God the Father’s will and love, ever since Adam sinned.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Those who labor to establish their own righteousness also labor in vain. The convinced sinner is heavy-laden with guilt and terror; and the tempted and afflicted believer has labors and burdens. Christ invites all to come to him for rest to their souls. He alone gives this invitation; men come to him, when, feeling their guilt and misery, and believing his love and power to help, they seek him in fervent prayer. Thus it is the duty and interest of weary and heavy-laden sinners, to come to Jesus Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “This is the gospel call; Whoever will, let him come. All who thus come will receive rest as Christ’s gift, and obtain peace and comfort in their hearts. But in coming to him they must take his yoke, and submit to his authority. They must learn of him all things, as to their comfort and obedience. He accepts the willing servant, however imperfect the services. Here we may find rest for our souls, and here only. Nor need we fear his yoke. His commandments are holy, just, and good. It requires self-denial, and exposes to difficulties, but this is abundantly repaid, even in this world, by inward peace and joy.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us come to him daily, for deliverance from wrath and guilt, from sin and Satan, from all our cares, fears, and sorrows.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

Matthew 12:1, I. Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath; II. A Man with a Withered Hand; III. God’s Chosen Servant; IV. Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit; V. A Tree Is Known by Its Fruit; VI. The Sign of Jonah; VII. Return of an Unclean Spirit; VIII. Jesus’ Mother and Brothers

I. KEY TEXT (Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath): “At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat.” (12:1)

A. INFERENCE: “But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, ‘Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath.” (12:2)

1. FINDINGS: “He said to them, ‘Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those who were with him: how he entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for him to eat nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? Or have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are guiltless?” (12:3-5)

2. CRITERIA: “I tell you, something greater than the temple is here. And if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.” (12:6-8)

3. CONDITION: “Those labors are lawful on the Sabbath day which are necessary, and Sabbath rest is to forward, not to hinder Sabbath worship. Needful provision for health and food is to be made; but when servants are kept at home, and families become a scene of hurry and confusion on the Lord’s day, to furnish a feast for visitors, or for indulgence, the case is very different. Such things as these, and many others common among professors, are to be blamed. The resting on the Sabbath was ordained for man’s good, Deuteronomy 5:14. No law must be understood so as to contradict its own end. And as Christ is the Lord of the Sabbath, it is fit the day and the work of it should be dedicated to him.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, says the Lord of hosts. And in this place I will give peace, declares the Lord of hosts.” (Hag. 2:9)

5. EFFECT: “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming, says the Lord of hosts.” (Mal. 3:1)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Needful provision for health and food is to be made; but when servants are kept at home, and families become a scene of hurry and confusion on the Lord’s day, to furnish a feast for visitors, or for indulgence, the case is very different. Such things as these, and many others common among professors, are to be blamed. The resting on the Sabbath was ordained for man’s good, Deuteronomy 5:14. No law must be understood so as to contradict its own end. And as Christ is the Lord of the Sabbath, it is fit the day and the work of it should be dedicated to him.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (A Man with a Withered Hand): “He went on from there and entered their synagogue. And a man was there with a withered hand.” (12:9-10)

A. INFERENCE: “And they asked him, ‘Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?’ so that they might accuse him.” (12:10)

1. FINDINGS: “He said to them, ‘Which one of you who has a sheep, if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out?” (12:11)

2. CRITERIA: “Of how much more value is a men than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” (12:12)

3. CONDITION: “Then he said to the man, ‘Stretch out your hand.” And the man stretched it out, and it was restored, healthy like the other.” (12:13)

4. CAUSE: “Christ shows that works of mercy are lawful and proper to be done on the Lord’s day. There are more ways of doing well upon Sabbath days, than by the duties of worship: attending the sick, relieving the poor, helping those who need speedy relief, teaching the young to care for their souls; these are doing good: and these must be done from love and charity, with humility and self-denial, and shall be accepted, Genesis 4:7. This, like other cures which Christ wrought, had a spiritual meaning.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “But the Pharisees went out and conspired against him, how to destroy him.” (12:14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Christ only, by the power of his grace, cures us; he heals the withered hand by putting life into the dead soul, works in us both to will and to do: for, with the command, there is a promise of grace given by the word.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (God’s Chosen Servant): “Jesus, aware of this, withdrew from there. And many followed him, and he healed them all and ordered them not to make him known.” (12:16)

A. INFERENCE: “This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah: ‘Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles. He will not quarrel or cry aloud, nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets; a bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not quench, until he brings justice to victory; and in his name the Gentiles will hope.” (12:17-21)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . he healed them all . . .” (12:16)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . and ordered them not to make him known.” (12:16)

3. CONDITION: “Let us lay aside contentious and angry debates; let us receive one another as Christ receives us. And while encouraged by the gracious kindness of our Lord, we should pray that his Spirit may rest upon us, and make us able to copy his example.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “And demons also came out of many, crying, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.” (Luke 4:41)

5. EFFECT: “For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure.” (John 3:34)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us with cheerful confidence commit our souls to so kind and faithful a Friend.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit): “Then a demon-oppressed man who was blind and mute was brought to him, and he healed him, so that the man spoke and saw.” (12:22)

A. INFERENCE: “And all the people were amazed, and said, ‘Can this be the Son of David?'” (12:23)

1. FINDINGS: “But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, ‘It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.'” (12:24)

2. CRITERIA: “Knowing their thoughts, he said to them, ‘Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.” (12:25-28)

3. CONDITION: “There are two great interests in the world; and when unclean spirits are cast out by the Holy Spirit, in the conversion of sinners to a life of faith and obedience, the kingdom of God is come unto us. All who do not aid or rejoice in such a change are against Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Or how can someone enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? Then indeed he may plunder his house.” (12:29)

5. EFFECT: “Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven people, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.” (12:29-32)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Do not blaspheme the Holy Spirit; it’s the unforgivable sin. (Mark 3:29)

V. KEY TEXT (A Tree Is Known by its Fruit): “Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree bad and its fruit bad, for the tree is known by its fruit. ” (12:33)

A. INFERENCE: “You brood of vipers! How can you speak good, when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. How can you speek good, when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. The good person out of his good treasure brings forth good, and the evil person out his evil treasure brings forth evil.” (12:34-35)

1. FINDINGS: “I tell you, on the day of judgment people will give account for every careless word they speak, for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.” (12:36-37)

2. CRITERIA: “Men’s language discovers what country they are of, likewise what manner of spirit they are of. The heart is the fountain, words are the streams. A troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring, must send forth muddy and unpleasant streams. Nothing but the salt of grace, cast into the spring, will heal the waters, season the speech, and purify the corrupt communication.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “An evil man has an evil treasure in his heart, and out of it brings forth evil things. Lusts and corruptions, dwelling and reigning in the heart, are an evil treasure, out of which the sinner brings forth bad words and actions, to dishonor God, and hurt others.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “For no good tree bears bad fruit, nor again does a bad tree bear good fruit, for each tree is known by its own fruit.” (Luke 6:43)

5. EFFECT: “For figs are not gathered from thorn bushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush.” (Luke 6:44)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us keep constant watch over ourselves, that we may speak words agreeable to the Christian character.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (The Sign of Jonah): “Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, ‘Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.’ But he answered them, ‘An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” (12:38-39)

A. INFERENCE: “The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.” (12:40-41)

1. FINDINGS: “The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.” (12:42)

2. CRITERIA: “And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them.” (Jonah 3:5)

3. CONDITION: “The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Let them not feed or drink water, but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish.” (Jonah 3:6-9)

4. CAUSE: “. . . evil, violence.” (Jonah 3:6-9)

5. EFFECT: “When God saw what they did, how they turned from their evil way, God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them, and he did not do it.” (Jonah 3:10)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn don’t burn.” (Psalm 34:14)

VII. KEY TEXT (Return of an Unclean Spirit): “When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, but finds none.” (12:43)

A. INFERENCE: “Then it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when it comes, it finds the house empty, swept, and put in order.” (12:44)

1. FINDINGS: “Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there, and the last state of that person is worse than the first.” (12:45)

2. CRITERIA: “So also will it be with this evil generation.” (12:45)

3. CONDITION: “When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and finding none it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when it comes, it finds the house swept and put in order. Then it goes and brings seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there. And the last state of that person is worse than the first.” (Luke 11:24-26)

4. CAUSE: “Here is the condition of a hypocrite. The house is swept from common sins, by a forced confession, as Pharaoh’s; by a feigned contrition, as Ahab’s; or by a partial reformation, as Herod’s.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “The house is swept, but it is not washed; the heart is not made holy. Sweeping takes off only the loose dirt, while the sin that besets the sinner, the beloved sin, is untouched.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Take a good scrubbing.

VIII. KEY TEXT (Jesus’ Mother and Brothers): “While he was still speaking to the people, behold, his mother and his brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him.” (13:46)

A. INFERENCE: “But he replied to the man who told him, ‘Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?'” (13:48)

1. FINDINGS: “And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said, ‘Here are my mother and my brothers!” (13:49)

2. CRITERIA: “‘For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.'” (13:50)

3. CONDITION: “It is a great comfort to all true Christians, that they are dearer to Christ than mother, brother, or sister as such, merely as relations in the flesh would have been, even had they been holy.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Blessed be God, this great and gracious privilege is ours even now; for though Christ’s bodily presence cannot be enjoyed by us, his spiritual presence is not denied us.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: This text has an eternal context.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Claim the family of Christ.

Matthew 13:1, I. The Parable of the Sower; II. The Purpose of the Parables; III. The Parable of the Sower Explained; IV. The Parable of the Weeds; V. The Mustard Seed and the Leaven; VI. Prophecy and Parables; VII. The Parable of the Weeds Explained; VIII. The Parable of the Hidden Treasure; IX. The Parable of the Pearl of Great Value; X. The Parable of the Net; XI. New and Old Treasures; XII. Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

I. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Sower): “That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea. And great crowds gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat down. And the whole crowd stood on the beach.” (13:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “And he told them many things in parables, saying: A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured them. Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, since they had no depth of soil, but when the sun rose they were scorched. And since they had no root, they withered away. Other seeds fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. Other seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. He who has ears, let him hear.” (13:3-9)

1. FINDINGS: “Christ taught in parables. Thereby the things of God were made more plain and easy to those willing to be taught, and at the same time more difficult and obscure to those who were willingly ignorant.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: “The parable of the sower is plain. The seed sown is the word of God. The sower is our Lord Jesus Christ, by himself, or by his ministers.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Jesus entered into a boat that he might be the less pressed, and be the better heard by the people. By this he teaches us in the outward circumstances of worship not to covet that which is stately, but to make the best of the conveniences God in his providence allots to us.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: To teach.

5. EFFECT: Parables enabled Jesus to teach plainly and easily to those willing to be taught.

6. RECOMMENDATION: “He who has ears, let him hear.” (13:9)

II. KEY TEXT (The Purpose of the Parables): “Then the disciples came and said to him, ‘Why do you speak to them in parables?'” (13:10)

A. INFERENCE: “And he answered them, ‘To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.” (13:11)

1. FINDINGS: “For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.” (13:12)

2. CRITERIA: “This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. Indeed, in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says: You will indeed hear but never understand, and you will indeed see but never perceive. For this people’s heart has grown dull, and with their ears they can barely hear, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and turn, and I would heal them.” (13:13-15)

3. CONDITION: “But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. For truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.” (13:16-17)

4. CAUSE: “So it is with the hearts of men, whose different characters are here described by four sorts of ground. Careless, trifling hearers, are an easy prey to Satan; who, as he is the great murderer of souls, so he is the great thief of sermons, and will be sure to rob us of the word, if we take not care to keep it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Many are glad to hear a good sermon, who do not profit by it. They are told of free salvation, of the believer’s privileges, and the happiness of heaven; and, without any change of heart, without any abiding conviction of their own depravity, their need of a Savior, or to show the excellence of holiness, they soon profess an unwarranted assurance. But when some heavy trial threatens them, or some sinful advantage may be had, they give up or disguise their profession, or turn to some easier system. Worldly cares are fitly compared to thorns, for they came in with sin, and are a fruit of the curse; they are good in their place to stop a gap, but a man must be well armed that has much to do with them; they are entangling, vexing, scratching, and their end is to be burned, Hebrews 6:8. Worldly cares are great hindrances to our profiting by the word of God. The deceitfulness of riches does the mischief; they cannot be said to deceive us unless we put our trust in them, then they choke the good seed. What distinguished the good ground was fruitfulness. By this true Christians are distinguished from hypocrites. Christ does not say that this good ground has no stones in it, or no thorns; but none that could hinder its fruitfulness. All are not alike; we should aim at the highest, to bring forth most fruit. The sense of hearing cannot be better employed than in hearing God’s word; and let us look to ourselves that we may know what sort of hearers we are.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Aim high.

III. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Sower Explained): “Hear then the parable of the sower: When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown along the path. As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy, yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away. As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful. As for what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and understands it. He indeed bears fruit and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty.” (13:18-23)

A. INFERENCE: “The sense of hearing cannot be better employed than in hearing God’s word; and let us look to ourselves that we may know what sort of hearers we are.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: The Path, rocky soil, thorns, and good soil; be careful where you sow.

3. CONDITION: “Hear and understand.” (13:22)

4. CAUSE: God wants us back. See diagram at: http://jwaministries.net/Gods_Strategic_Plan.gif

5. EFFECT: God wants us (free grace) as much as we want God (free will).

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Bear fruit and yield.” (13:23)

IV. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Weeds): “He put another parable before them, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field, but while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away. So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also.” (13:24-26)

A. INFERENCE: “And the servants of the master of the house came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?'” (13:27)

1. FINDINGS: “He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ So the servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?'” (13:28)

2. CRITERIA: “But he said, ‘No, lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.'” (13:29)

3. CONDITION: “Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.'” (13:30)

4. CAUSE: “The enemy planted weeds.” (13:25)

5. EFFECT: “Weeds mixed with the wheat.” (13:26)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Wait until the time of harvest.” (13:30)

V. KEY TEXT (The Mustard Seed and the Leaven):“He put another parable before them, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field.” (13:31)

A. INFERENCE: “It is the smallest seed of all seeds, but when it has grown it is larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.” (13:32)

1. FINDINGS: “He told them another parable. The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, till it was all leavened.” (13:33)

2. CRITERIA: “Thus it was in the world. The apostles, by preaching the gospel, hid a handful of leaven in the great mass of mankind. It was made powerful by the Spirit of the Lord of hosts, who works, and none can hinder. Thus it is in the heart.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “The scope of the parable of the seed sown, is to show that the beginnings of the gospel would be small, but its latter end would greatly increase; in this way the work of grace in the heart, the kingdom of God within us, would be carried on.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “In the soul where grace truly is, it will grow really; though perhaps at first not to be discerned, it will at last come to great strength and usefulness. The preaching of the gospel works like leaven in the hearts of those who receive it. The leaven works certainly, so does the word, yet gradually. It works silently, and without being seen, Mark 4:26-29, yet strongly; without noise, for so is the way of the Spirit, but without fail.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Thus it was in the world. The apostles, by preaching the gospel, hid a handful of leaven in the great mass of mankind. It was made powerful by the Spirit of the Lord of hosts, who works, and none can hinder. Thus it is in the heart. When the gospel comes into the soul, it works a thorough change; it spreads itself into all the powers and faculties of the soul, and alters the property even of the members of the body, Romans 6:13.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “From these parables we are taught to expect a gradual progress; therefore let us inquire, Are we growing in grace? and in holy principles and habits?” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT (Prophesy and Parables): “”All these things Jesus said to the crowds in parables; indeed, he said nothing to them without a parable.” (13:34-35)

A. INFERENCE: “I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter what has been hidden since the foundation of the world.” (13:35)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . he said nothing to them without a parable.” (13:35)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . utter what has been hidden since the foundation of the world.” (13:35)

3. CONDITION: “The scope of the parable of the seed sown, is to show that the beginnings of the gospel would be small, but its latter end would greatly increase; in this way the work of grace in the heart, the kingdom of God within us, would be carried on.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “In the soul where grace truly is, it will grow really; though perhaps at first not to be discerned, it will at last come to great strength and usefulness. The preaching of the gospel works like leaven in the hearts of those who receive it. The leaven works certainly, so does the word, yet gradually. It works silently, and without being seen, Mark 4:26-29, yet strongly; without noise, for so is the way of the Spirit, but without fail.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Thus it was in the world. The apostles, by preaching the gospel, hid a handful of leaven in the great mass of mankind. It was made powerful by the Spirit of the Lord of hosts, who works, and none can hinder. Thus it is in the heart. When the gospel comes into the soul, it works a thorough change; it spreads itself into all the powers and faculties of the soul, and alters the property even of the members of the body, Romans 6:13.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “From these parables we are taught to expect a gradual progress; therefore let us inquire, Are we growing in grace? and in holy principles and habits?” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VII. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Weeds Explained): “Then he left the crowds and went into the house. And his disciples came to him, saying, ‘Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field.’ He answered, ‘The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. The field is the world, and the good seed is the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, and the enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the close of the age, and the reapers are angels.” (13:36-39)

A. INFERENCE: “Just as the weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at the close of the age. The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all law breakers, and throw them into the fiery furnace” (13:40-42)

1. FINDINGS: “In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (13:42)

2. CRITERIA: “Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father.” (13:43)

3. CONDITION: “He who has ears, let him hear.” (13:43)

4. CAUSE: God wants us back. See diagram at: http://jwaministries.net/Gods_Strategic_Plan.gif

5. EFFECT: “The Son of Man will send his angels . . .” (13:41)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Be ready for the end of the age.” (2 Peter 3)

VIII. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Hidden Treasure): “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and covered up. Then in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.” (13:44)

A. INFERENCE: “Many slight the gospel, because they look only upon the surface of the field. But all who search the Scriptures, so as in them to find Christ and eternal life, John 5:39, will discover such treasure in this field as makes it unspeakably valuable; they make it their own upon any terms. Though nothing can be given as a price for this salvation, yet much must be given up for the sake of it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . much must be given up for the sake of it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: “Don’t forget where you covered up the treasure.” (13:44)

3. CONDITION: A parable of “Temporal” versus “Eternal.”

4. CAUSE: Need for salvation.

5. EFFECT: Blessed Assurance.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Search Scripture for your hidden treasure.

IX. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Pearl of Great Value): “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls, who, on finding one pearl of great value, went and sold all that he had and bought it.” (13:45)

A. INFERENCE: “All the children of men are busy; one would be rich, another would be honorable, another would be learned; but most are deceived, and take up with counterfeits for pearls. Jesus Christ is a Pearl of great price; in having him, we have enough to make us happy here and for ever. A man may buy gold too dear, but not this Pearl of great price. When the convinced sinner sees Christ as the gracious Savior, all things else become worthless to his thoughts.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “Jesus Christ is a Pearl of great price.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: Find one pearl of great price. (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “. . . in having him, we have enough to make us happy here and for ever.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: Don’t let the finest pearl get away.

5. EFFECT: “. . . all things else become worthless to his thoughts.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Seek out the finest pearl.

X. KEY TEXT (The Parable of the Net): “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and gathered fish of every kind. When it was full, men drew it ashore and sat down and sorted the good into containers but threw away the bad.” (13:47-48)

A. INFERENCE: “So it will be at the close of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace.” (13:49)

1. FINDINGS: “In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (13:50)

2. CRITERIA: “The world is a vast sea, and men, in their natural state, are like the fishes. Preaching the gospel is casting a net into this sea, to catch something out of it, for His glory who has the sovereignty of this sea.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Hypocrites and true Christians shall be parted: miserable is the condition of those that shall then be cast away.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: A parting is needed; nothing unclean will be allowed to enter heaven and God’s pure kingdom.

5. EFFECT: Seek to be a keeper.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Don’t be cast away.

XI. KEY TEXT (New and Old Treasures): “‘Have you understood all these things?’ They said to him, ‘Yes.’ And he said to them, ‘Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house, who brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.'” (13:51-52)

A. INFERENCE: “A skillful, faithful minister of the gospel, is a scribe, well versed in the things of the gospel, and able to teach them. Christ compares him to a good householder, who brings forth fruits of last year’s growth and this year’s gathering, abundance and variety, to entertain his friends. Old experiences and new observations, all have their use. Our place is at Christ’s feet, and we must daily learn old lessons over again, and new ones also.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “Christ compares a scribe to a good householder, who brings forth fruits . . .” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . brings forth fruits of abundance and variety.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Our place is at Christ’s feet . . .” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “. . . its time to serve up the treasure.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “. . . the banquet is ready to be served.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Come and get it.

XII. KEY TEXT (Jesus Rejected at Nazareth): “And when Jesus had finished these parables, he went away from there, and coming to his hometown he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, ‘Where did this man get this wisdom and these mighty works?'” (13:53-54)

A. INFERENCE: “Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things? And they took offense at him.” (13:55-57)

1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus said to them, ‘A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his own household. And he did not do many mighty works there, because of their unbelief.” (13:58)

2. CRITERIA: “Yes, it is true he was reputed to be so; and no disgrace to be the son of an honest tradesman; they should have respected him the more because he was one of themselves, but therefore they despised him. He did not many mighty works there, because of their unbelief. Unbelief is the great hindrance to Christ’s favors. Let us keep faithful to him as the Savior who has made our peace with God.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “. . . they despised him.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “. . . unbelief.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “And he did not do many mighty works there, because of their unbelief” (13:58)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Be careful who you throw out.

Matthew 14:1, I. The Death of John the Baptist; II. Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand; III. Jesus Walks on Water; IV. Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret

I. KEY TEXT (The Death of John the Baptist): “At that time Herod the tetrarch heard about the fame of Jesus, and he said to his servants, ‘This is John the Baptist. He has been raised from the dead; that is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.'” (14:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “For Herod had seized John and bound him and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, because John had been saying to him, ‘It is not lawful for you to have her.’ And though he wanted to put him to death, he feared the people, because they held him to be a prophet.” (14:3-5)

1. FINDINGS: “But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company and pleased Herod, so that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask. Prompted by her mother, she said, ‘Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter.’ And the king was sorry, but because of his oaths and his guests he commanded it to be given. He sent and had John beheaded in the prison, and his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. And his disciples came and took the body and buried it, and they went and told Jesus.” (14:6-12)

2. CRITERIA: “When men pretend to favor the gospel, yet live in evil, we must not favor their self-delusion, but must deliver our consciences as John did.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Herod feared that the putting of John to death might raise a rebellion among the people, which it did not; but he never feared it might stir up his own conscience against him, which it did.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Herod would profusely reward a worthless dance, while imprisonment and death were the recompense of the man of God who sought the salvation of his soul.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “The death of John the Baptist.” (14:10)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . but must deliver our consciences as John did.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT (Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand): “Now when Jesus heard this, he withdrew from there in a boat to a desolate place by himself. But when the crowds heard it, they followed him on foot from the towns. When he went ashore he saw a great crowd, and he had compassion on them and healed their sick.” (14:14)

A. INFERENCE: “Now when it was evening, the disciples came to him and said, ‘This is a desolate place, and the day is now over; send the crowds away to go into the villages and buy food for themselves.” (14:15)

1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus said, ‘They need not go away; you give them something to eat.'” (14:16)

2. CRITERIA: “They said to him, ‘We have only five loaves here and two fish. And he said, ‘Bring them here to me.’ Then he ordered the crowds to sit sown on the grass, and taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven and said a blessing. Then he broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds.” (14:17-19)

3. CONDITION: “And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces left over. And those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children.” (14:20-21)

4. CAUSE: “This little supply of bread was increased by Christ’s creating power, till the whole multitude were satisfied. In seeking the welfare of men’s souls, we should have compassion on their bodies likewise.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “And they all ate and were satisfied.” (14:20)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “In seeking the welfare of men’s souls, we should have compassion on their bodies likewise.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT (Jesus Walks on Water): “Immediately he made the disciples get into the boat and go before him to the other side, while he dismissed the crowds. And after he had dismissed the crowds, he went up on the mountain by himself to pray. When evening came, he was there alone, but the boat by this time was a long way from the land, beaten by the waves, for the wind was against them. And in the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on the sea. [The fourth watch was the last part of the night between three and six in the morning. This was the last watch, the end of the night.]” (14:22-25)

A. INFERENCE: “It is no new thing for Christ’s disciples to meet with storms in the way of duty, but he thereby shows himself with the more grace to them and for them. He can take what way he pleases to save his people. But even appearances of deliverance sometimes occasion trouble and perplexity to God’s people.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “But when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were terrified, and said, ‘It is a ghost!’ and they cried out in fear. But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, ‘Take heart; it is I. Do not be afraid.'” (14:26)

2. CRITERIA: “And Peter answered him, ‘Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the water.’ He said, ‘Come.’ So Peter got out of the boat and walked on the water and came to Jesus. But when he saw the wind, he was afraid, and beginning to sink he cried out, ‘Lord, save me.’ Jesus immediately reached out his hand and took hold of him, saying to him, ‘O you of little faith, why did you doubt? And when they got into the boat, the wind ceased. And those in the boat worshiped him, saying, ‘Truly you are the Son of God.'” (14:28-33)

3. CONDITION: “Peter walked upon the water, not for diversion or to boast of it, but to go to Jesus; and in that he was thus wonderfully born up. Special supports are promised, and are to be expected, but only in spiritual pursuits; nor can we ever come to Jesus, unless we are upheld by his power.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Christ bade Peter come, not only that he might walk upon the water, and so know his Lord’s power, but that he might know his own weakness. And the Lord often lets his servants have their choice, to humble and prove them, and to show the greatness of his power and grace.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “When we look off from Christ, and look at the greatness of opposing difficulties, we shall begin to fall; but when we call to him, he will stretch out his arm, and save us.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Christ is the great Savior; those who would be saved, must come to him, and cry to him, for salvation; we are never brought to this, till we find ourselves sinking: the sense of need drives us to him.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT (Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret): “And when they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret. And when the men of that place recognized him, they sent around to all that region and brought to him all who were sick and implored him that they might only touch the fringe of his garment. And as many as touched it were made well.” (14:34-36)

A. INFERENCE: “They brought unto him all that were diseased. They came humbly beseeching him to help them. The experiences of others may direct and encourage us in seeking for Christ. As many as he touched, were made perfectly whole.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “The healing virtue was not in the finger, but in their faith; or rather, it was in Christ, whom their faith took hold upon.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: “As many as he touched, were made perfectly whole. Those whom Christ heals, he heals perfectly.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Were men more acquainted with Christ, and with the diseased state of their souls, they would flock to receive his healing influences.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “They brought unto him all that were diseased. They came humbly beseeching him to help them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “The experiences of others may direct and encourage us in seeking for Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Seek healing from Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

 

 

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