Week #121; Wed, Apr 22: Matthew 3:1—9:38

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Matthew 3, I. John the Baptist Prepares the Way; II. The Baptism of Jesus

I. KEY TEXT: “In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’” (3:1)

A. INFERENCE: “For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah when he said, ‘The voice of one crying in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord; make his paths straight.’” (3:2-3)

1. FINDINGS: “I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.” (3:11)

2. CRITERIA: “His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.” (3:12)

3. CONDITION: “To the careless and secure, terror must be faced. Without the Holy Spirit, there is no salvation.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Corrupt hearts cannot produce good fruit unless regeneration by the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “The purifying and cleansing power of the Holy Spirit alone can produce that purity of heart, and those holy affection, which accompany salvation. At Christ’s baptism there was a manifestation of the three Persons in the sacred Trinity.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Listen to the voice of John the Baptist.” (3:2-3)

II. KEY TEXT: “Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him.” (3:13)

B. INFERENCE: “John would have prevented him, saying ‘I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?'” (3:14)

1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus answered him, ‘Let it be so now, for this it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.'” (3:15)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . to fulfill all righteousness.” (3:15)

3. CONDITION: “And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; and behold, a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.'” (3:16-17)

4. CAUSE: “Our Lord Jesus looked upon it as well becoming him to fulfill all righteousness, to own every Divine institution, and to show his readiness to comply with all God’s righteous precepts. In and through Christ, the heavens are opened to the children of men.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “This descent of the Spirit upon Christ, showed that he was endued with his sacred influences without measure. Out of Christ, God is a consuming fire, but in Christ, a reconciled Father. This is the sum of the gospel, which we must by faith cheerfully embrace.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Listen to the voice of God.” (3:17)

Matthew 4:1, I. The Temptation of Jesus; II. Jesus Begins His Ministry; III. Jesus Calls the First Disciples; IV. Jesus Ministers to Great Crowds

I. KEY TEXT: “Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. And after fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry.” (4:1)

A. INFERENCE: “And the tempter came and said to him, ‘If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.’ But he answered, ‘It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’ Then the devil took him to the holy city and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, ‘If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you.’ and ‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Again it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’ Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to him, ‘All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.’ Then Jesus said to him, ‘Be gone, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.'” (4:3-10)

1. FINDINGS: “Then the devil left him, and behold, angels came and were ministering to him.” (4:11)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . yet what is a man profited if he gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Satan aimed in all his temptations, to bring Christ to sin against God.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Christ was succored after the temptation, for his encouragement to go on in his undertaking, and for our encouragement to trust in him; for as he knew, by experience, what it was to suffer, being tempted, so he knew what it was to be succored, being tempted . . .” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “. . . therefore we may expect, not only that he will feel for his tempted people, but that he will come to them with seasonable relief.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Reject all of Satan’s baits.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: “Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee. And leaving Nazareth he went and lived in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, so that what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: ‘The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles–the people dwelling in darkness have seen a great light, and for those dwelling in the region and shadow of death, on them a light has dawned.'” (4:12-16)

A. INFERENCE: “From that time Jesus began to preach . . .” (4:17)

1. FINDINGS: “From that time Jesus began to preach, saying, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (4:17)

2. CRITERIA: “Those who are without Christ, are in the dark. They were sitting in this condition, a contented posture; they chose it rather than light; they were willingly ignorant. When the gospel comes, light comes; when it comes to any place, when it comes to any soul, it makes day there. Light discovers and directs; so does the gospel.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “The doctrine of repentance is right gospel doctrine. Not only the austere John the Baptist, but the gracious Jesus, preached repentance. There is still the same reason to do so. The kingdom of heaven was not reckoned to be fully come, till the pouring out of the Holy Spirit after Christ’s ascension.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “The people dwelling in darkness . . . ” (4:12-16)

5. EFFECT: “. . . for those dwelling in the region and shadow of death, on them a light has dawned.” (4:12-16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Come to the light.” (4:12-16)

III. KEY TEXT: “While walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon (who is called Peter) and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. And he said to them, ‘Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.’ Immediately they left their nets and followed him. And going on from there he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them. Immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.” (4:18)

A. INFERENCE: “When Christ began to preach, he began to gather disciples, who should be hearers, and afterwards preachers of his doctrine, who should be witnesses of his miracles, and afterwards testify concerning them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (4:19)

2. CRITERIA: “Immediately . . .” (4:20, 22)

3. CONDITION: “Christ chooses the foolish things of the world to confound the wise.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “When Christ began to preach, he began to gather disciples, who should be hearers, and afterwards preachers of his doctrine, who should be witnesses of his miracles, and afterwards testify concerning them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “This instance of the power of the Lord Jesus encourages us to depend upon his grace. He speaks, and it is done.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Am I in Christ? is a very needful question to ask ourselves; and, next to that, Am I in my calling?” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT: “And he went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction among the people.” (4:23)

A. INFERENCE: “So his fame spread throughout all Syria, and they brought him all the sick, those afflicted with various diseases and pains, those oppressed by demons, epileptics, and paralytics, and he healed them.” (4:24)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . and he healed them.” (4:24)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction . . .” (4:23)

3. CONDITION: “Wherever Christ went, he confirmed his Divine mission by miracles, which were emblems of the healing power of his doctrine, and the influences of the Spirit which accompanied it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Christ healed all, and by thus curing bodily diseases, showed that his great errand into the world was to cure spiritual maladies.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “. . . Christ came to take away sin, and so to heal the soul.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Proclaim the gospel of the kingdom. (4:23)

Matthew 5:1, I. The Sermon on the Mount; II. Salt and Light; III. Christ Came to Fulfill the Law; IV. Anger; V. Lust; VI. Divorce; VII. Oaths; VIII. Retaliation; IX. Love Your Enemies

I. KEY TEXT: “Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him.” (5:1)

A. INFERENCE: “And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: 1. Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 2. Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. 3. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. 4. Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. 5. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. 6. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy. 7. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 8. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. 9. Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 10. Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.” (5:2-11)

1. FINDINGS: “Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” (5:12)

2. CRITERIA: “Our Savior here gives ten characters of blessed people, which represent to us the principal graces of a Christian.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Heaven is the joy of our Lord; a mountain of joy . . .” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “His mission to not lose any of those He was given.” (John 6:39)

5. EFFECT: “May we find mercy from the Lord; may we be owned as his children, and inherit his kingdom. With these enjoyments and hopes, we may cheerfully welcome low or painful circumstances.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Follow Jesus; be a messenger of His gospel.” (4:19)

II. KEY TEXT: “You are the salt of the earth, but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled under people’s feet.” (5:13)

A. INFERENCE: “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden. Nor do people light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a stand, and it gives light to all in the house.” (5:15)

1. FINDINGS: “In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven.” (5:16)

2. CRITERIA: “Mankind, lying in ignorance and wickedness, were as a vast heap, ready to putrefy; but Christ sent forth his disciples, by their lives and doctrines to season it with knowledge and grace.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “What is between God and our souls, must be kept to ourselves; but that which is of itself open to the sight of men, we must study to make suitable to our profession, and praiseworthy.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “We must aim at the glory of God.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Keep your conduct among the Gentiles honorable, so that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day of visitation.” (1 Peter 2:12)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples.” (John 15:8)

III. KEY TEXT: “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.” (5:17)

A. INFERENCE: “For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.” (5:18)

1. FINDINGS: “Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” (5:19)

2. CRITERIA: “For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and the Pharisees you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.” (5:20)

3. CONDITION: “Let none suppose that Christ allows his people to trifle with any commands of God’s holy law. No sinner partakes of Christ’s justifying righteousness, till he repents of his evil deeds. The mercy revealed in the gospel leads the believer to still deeper self-abhorrence.” (Mathew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “The law is the Christian’s rule of duty, and he delights therein. If a man, pretending to be Christ’s disciple, encourages himself in any allowed disobedience to the holy law of God, or teaches others to do the same, whatever his station or reputation among men may be, he can be no true disciple” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Christ’s righteousness, imputed to us by faith alone, is needed by every one that enters the kingdom of grace or of glory; but the new creation of the heart to holiness, produces a thorough change in a man’s temper and conduct.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Change, embrace the law.” (Romans 10:3)

IV. KEY TEXT: “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment. But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever say, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.'” (5:21-22)

A. INFERENCE: “So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.” (5:23-24)

1. FINDINGS: “Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison.” (5:25)

2. CRITERIA: “Truly, I say to you, you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.” (5:26)

3. CONDITION: “The Jewish teachers had taught, that nothing except actual murder was forbidden by the sixth commandment. Thus they explained away its spiritual meaning. Christ showed the full meaning of this commandment; according to which we must be judged hereafter, and therefore ought to be ruled now.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “We ought carefully to preserve Christian love and peace with all our brethren; and if at any time there is a quarrel, we should confess our fault, humble ourselves to our brother, making or offering satisfaction for wrong done in word or deed: and we should do this quickly; because, till this is done, we are unfit for communion with God in holy ordinances.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “And when we are preparing for any religious exercises, it is good for us to make that an occasion of serious reflection and self-examination. What is here said is very applicable to our being reconciled to God through Christ. While we are alive, we are in the way to his judgment-seat; after death, it will be too late. When we consider the importance of the case, and the uncertainty of life, how needful it is to seek peace with God, without delay!” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Preserve Christian love.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.” (5:27-28)

A. INFERENCE: “If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell. And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that you whole body go into hell.” (5:29-30)

1. FINDINGS: “Heart.” (5:28)

2. CRITERIA: “Victory over the desires of the heart, must be attended with painful exertions. But it must be done.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Every thing is bestowed to save us from our sins, not in them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “All our senses and powers must be kept from those things which lead to transgression.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Those who lead others into temptation to sin, by dress or in other ways, or leave them in it, or expose them to it, make themselves guilty of their sin, and will be accountable for it. If painful operations are submitted to, that our lives may be saved, what ought our minds to shrink from, when the salvation of our souls is concerned?” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “There is tender mercy under all the Divine requirements, and the grace and consolations of the Spirit will enable us to attend to them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT: “It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.'” (5:31)

A. INFERENCE: “But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.” (5:32)

1. FINDINGS: “What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate. They (Pharisees) said to him, ‘Why then did Moses command one to give a certificate of divorce and to send her away?'” (Matthew 19:6-7)

2. CRITERIA: “He said to them, “Because of your hardness of heart Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. And I say to you: whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery.” (Matthew 19:8-9)

3. CONDITION: “He answered, ‘Have you not read that he who created them from the beginning made them male and female, and said, ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh? So they are no longer two but one flesh.” (Matthew 19:4-5)

4. CAUSE: “So they are no longer two but one flesh.” (Matthew 19:5)

5. EFFECT: “What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.” (Matthew 19:19:6)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.” (Matthew 19:19:6)

VII. KEY TEXT: “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.” (5:33)

A. INFERENCE: “But I say to you, Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.” (5:34-36)

1. FINDINGS: “Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil.” (5:37)

2. CRITERIA: “The worse men are, the less they are bound by oaths; the better they are, the less there is need for them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Our Lord does not enjoin the precise terms wherein we are to affirm or deny, but such a constant regard to truth as would render oaths unnecessary.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “There is no reason to consider that solemn oaths in a court of justice, or on other proper occasions, are wrong, provided they are taken with due reverence.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “But all oaths taken without necessity, or in common conversation, must be sinful, as well as all those expressions which are appeals to God, though persons think thereby to evade the guilt of swearing.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil.” (5:37)

VIII. KEY TEXT: “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.'” (5:38)

A. INFERENCE: “But, I say to you, ‘Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.'” (5:39-41)

1. FINDINGS: “Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.” (5:42)

2. CRITERIA: “The plain instruction is, Suffer any injury that can be born, for the sake of peace, committing your concerns to the Lord’s keeping.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “And the sum of all is, that Christians must avoid disputing and striving. ” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “If any say, Flesh and blood cannot pass by such an affront, let them remember, that flesh and blood shall not inherit the kingdom of God . . . (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “. . . and those who act upon right principles will have most peace and comfort.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Do not resist the one who is evil.” (5:39)

IX. KEY TEXT: “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.'” (5:43)

A. INFERENCE: “But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.” (5:44-45)

1. FINDINGS: “For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? And if you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same?” (5:46-47)

2. CRITERIA: “You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.” (5:48)

3. CONDITION: “The Jewish teachers by “neighbor” understood only those who were of their own country, nation, and religion, whom they were pleased to look upon as their friends. The Lord Jesus teaches that we must do all the real kindness we can to all, especially to their souls.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “We must pray for them. While many will render good for good, we must render good for evil; and this will speak a nobler principle than most men act by.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “It is the duty of Christians to desire, and aim at, and press towards perfection in grace and holiness.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . we must study to conform ourselves to the example of our heavenly Father. (1 Peter 1:15, 16)

Matthew 6:1, I. Giving to the Needy; II. The Lord’s Prayer; III. Fasting; IV. Lay Up Treasures in Heaven; V. Do Not Be Anxious

I. KEY TEXT: “Beware of practicing your righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them, for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven.” (6:1)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus, when you give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.” (6:1-2)

1. FINDINGS: “But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving may be in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.” (6:3-4)

2. CRITERIA: “What we do, must be done from an inward principle, that we may be approved of God, not that we may be praised of men.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “When we take least notice of our good deeds ourselves, God takes most notice of them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “In these verses we are cautioned against hypocrisy in giving alms. Take heed of it. It is a subtle sin; and vain-glory creeps into what we do, before we are aware.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “He will reward thee; not as a master who gives his servant what he earns, and no more, but as a Father who gives abundantly to his son that serves him.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving may be in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.” (6:3-4)

II. KEY TEXT: “And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others.” (6:5)

A. INFERENCE: “Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.” (6:5)

1. FINDINGS: “But when you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.” (6:6)

2. CRITERIA: “And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.” (6:7-8)

3. CONDITION: “Pray then like this: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.” (6:9-13)

4. CAUSE: “For if you forgive others their trespasses your heavenly Father will also forgive you, but if you do not forgive others their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.” (6:14-15)

5. EFFECT: “Christ saw it needful to show his disciples what must commonly be the matter and method of their prayer. Not that we are tied up to the use of this only, or of this always; yet, without doubt, it is very good to use it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Use it, every word has a lesson in it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT: “And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others.” (6:16)

A. INFERENCE: “But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret.” (6:17-18)

1. FINDINGS: “And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.” (6:18)

2. CRITERIA: “Religious fasting is a duty required of the disciples of Christ, but it is not so much a duty itself, as a means to dispose us for other duties.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Fasting is the humbling of the soul, Psalms 35:13; that is the inside of the duty; let that, therefore, be thy principal care, and as to the outside of it, covet not to let it be seen.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “God sees in secret, and will reward openly.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “. . . covet not to let it be seen.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Fast privately and in secret.” (6:17-18)

IV. KEY TEXT: “Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal.” (6:19-20)

A. INFERENCE: “For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.” (6:21)

1. FINDINGS: “The eye is a lamp of the body. So, if your eye is healthy, your whole body will be full of light, but if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness.” (6:22-23)

2. CRITERIA: “No one can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other.” (6:24)

3. CONDITION: “You cannot serve God and money.” (6:24)

4. CAUSE: “Worldly-mindedness is a common and fatal symptom of hypocrisy, for by no sin can Satan have a surer and faster hold of the soul, under the cloak of a profession of religion.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “There are treasures in heaven. It is our wisdom to give all diligence to make our title to eternal life sure through Jesus Christ, and to look on all things here below, as not worthy to be compared with it, and to be content with nothing short of it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “God requires the whole heart, and will not share it with the world.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: “Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on. ” (6:25)

A. INFERENCE: “Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? Look at the birds of the air: they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?” (6:26)

1. FINDINGS: “And which of you by being anxious can add a single hour to his span of life?” (6:27)

2. CRITERIA: “And why are you anxious about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin, yet I tell you even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is alive and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith?” (6:28-30)

3. CONDITION: “Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink? or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the Gentiles seek after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them all. But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.” (6:31-33)

4. CAUSE: “Therefore do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself.” (6:34)

5. EFFECT: “Sufficient for the day is its own trouble.” (6:34)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Take no thought for your life. Not about the length of it; but refer it to God to lengthen or shorten it as he pleases; our times are in his hand, and they are in a good hand. Not about the comforts of this life; but leave it to God to make it bitter or sweet as he pleases.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

Matthew 7:1, I. Judging Others; II. Ask and It Will Be Given; III. The Golden Rule; IV. A Tree and Its Fruit; V. I Never Knew You; VI. Build Your House on the Rock; VII. The Authority of Jesus

I. KEY TEXT: “Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and with the measure you use it will be measured to you.” (7:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when there is the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye.” (7:3-5)

1. FINDINGS: “Do not give dogs what is holy, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you.” (7:6)

2. CRITERIA: “We must judge ourselves, and judge of our own acts, but not make our word a law to everybody.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “It is as strange that a man can be in a sinful, miserable condition, and not be aware of it, as that a man should have a beam in his eye, and not consider it; but the god of this world blinds their minds.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “We must not make the worst of people.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Here is a good rule for reprovers; first reform thyself.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Reform thyself.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.” (7:1)

A. INFERENCE: “For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.” (7:8)

1. FINDINGS: “Or which one of you, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a serpent?” (7:9-10)

2. CRITERIA: “If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!” (7:10-11)

3. CONDITION: “Prayer is the appointed means for obtaining what we need. Pray; pray often; make a business of prayer, and be serious and earnest in it. Ask, as a beggar asks alms. Ask, as a traveler asks the way. Seek, as for a thing of value that we have lost; or as the merchantman that seeks goodly pearls.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Knock, as he that desires to enter into the house knocks at the door. Sin has shut and barred the door against us; by prayer we knock.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “This is made to apply to all that pray aright; every one that asketh receiveth, whether Jew or Gentile, young or old, rich or poor, high or low, master or servant, learned or unlearned, all are alike welcome to the throne of grace, if they come in faith.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us never suppose our heavenly Father would bid us pray, and then refuse to hear, or give us what would be hurtful.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT: “So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” (7:12)

A. INFERENCE: “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few.” (7:13)

1. FINDINGS: “We must, in our dealings with men, suppose ourselves in the same case and circumstances with those we have to do with, and act accordingly.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: “Christ came to teach us, not only what we are to know and believe, but what we are to do; not only toward God, but toward men; not only toward those of our party and persuasion, but toward men in general, all with whom we have to do.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “We must do that to our neighbor which we ourselves acknowledge to be fit and reasonable.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “There are but two ways right and wrong, good and evil; the way to heaven and the way to hell; in the one or other of these all are walking: there is no middle place hereafter, no middle way now.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Self must be denied, the body kept under, and corruptions mortified. Daily temptations must be resisted; duties must be done. We must watch in all things, and walk with care; and we must go through much tribulation.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “And yet this way should invite us all; it leads to life: to present comfort in the favor of God, which is the life of the soul; to eternal bliss, the hope of which at the end of our way, should make all the difficulties of the road easy to us.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT: “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves.” (7:15)

A. INFERENCE: “You will recognize them by their fruits.” (7:16)

1. FINDINGS: “Are grapes gathered from thorn-bushes, or figs from thistles?” (7:16)

2. CRITERIA: “So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit. A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit.” (7:17)

3. CONDITION: “Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.” (7:19)

4. CAUSE: “Christ here shows that it will not be enough to own him for our Master, only in word and tongue. It is necessary to our happiness that we believe in Christ, that we repent of sin, that we live a holy life, that we love one another. This is his will, even our sanctification.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Thus you will recognize them by their fruits.” (7:20)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let every one that names the name of Christ, depart from all sin.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.” (7:21)

A. INFERENCE: “On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?'” (7:22)

1. FINDINGS: “And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.'” (7:23)

2. CRITERIA: “Let every one that names the name of Christ, depart from all sin.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “There are others, whose religion rests in bare hearing, and it goes no further . . .” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “. . . their heads are filled with empty notions.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “There are two sorts of hearers.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . do the will of our Father who is in heaven. (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT: “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock.” (7:24)

A. INFERENCE: “And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had been founded on the rock.” (7:25)

1. FINDINGS: “And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand.” (7:26)

2. CRITERIA: “And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell, and great was the fall of it.” (7:27)

3. CONDITION: “This parable teaches us to hear and do the sayings of the Lord Jesus: some may seem hard to flesh and blood, but they must be done.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Christ is laid for a foundation, and every thing besides Christ is sand. Some build their hopes upon worldly prosperity; others upon an outward profession of religion. Upon these they venture; but they are all sand, too weak to bear such a fabric as our hopes of heaven.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “There is a storm coming that will try every man’s work. When God takes away the soul, where is the hope of the hypocrite? The house fell in the storm, when the builder had most need of it, and expected it would be a shelter to him. It fell when it was too late to build another.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “May the Lord make us wise builders for eternity.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VII. KEY TEXT: “And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.” (7:28-29)

A. INFERENCE: “The multitudes were astonished at the wisdom and power of Christ’s doctrine. And this sermon, ever so often read over, is always new.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

1. FINDINGS: “Every word proves its Author to be Divine.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

2. CRITERIA: “Let us be more and more decided and earnest, making some one or other of these blessednesses and Christian graces the main subject of our thoughts, even for weeks together.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “”. . . for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “The multitudes were astonished at the wisdom and power of Christ’s doctrine.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “May the Lord make us wise builders for eternity. Then nothing shall separate us from the love of Christ Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us not rest in general and confused desires after them, whereby we grasp at all, but catch nothing.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

Matthew 8:1, I. Jesus Cleanses a Leper; II. The Faith of a Centurion; III. Jesus Heals Many; IV. The Cost of Following Jesus; V. Jesus Calms a Storm; VI. Jesus Heals Two Men with Demons

I. KEY TEXT: “When he came down from the mountain, great crowds followed him.” (8:1)

A. INFERENCE: “And behold, a leper came to him and knelt before him, saying, ‘Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.” (8:2)

1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, ‘I will; be clean.’ And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.” (8:3)

2. CRITERIA: “And Jesus said to him, ‘See that you say nothing to anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a proof to them.” (8:4)

3. CONDITION: “This cleansing directs us, not only to apply to Christ, who has power over bodily diseases, for the cure of them, but it also teaches us in what manner to apply to him.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “When we cannot be sure of God’s will, we may be sure of his wisdom and mercy. No guilt is so great, but there is that in Christ’s blood which atones for it; no corruption so strong, but there is that in his grace which can subdue it.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “To be made clean we must commend ourselves to his pity; we cannot demand it as a debt, but we must humbly request it as a favor. Those who by faith apply to Christ for mercy and grace, may be sure that he is freely willing to give them the mercy and grace they thus seek.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “And those afflictions are blessed that bring us to know Christ, and cause us to seek help and salvation from him. Let those who are cleansed from their spiritual leprosy, go to Christ’s ministers and open their case, that they may advise, comfort, and pray for them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: “When he entered Capernaum, a centurion came forward to him, appealing to him, ‘Lord, my servant is lying paralyzed at home, suffering terribly.’ And he said to him, ‘I will come and heal him.'” (8:5-7)

A. INFERENCE: “But the centurion replied, ‘Lord, I am not worthy to have you come under my roof, but only say the word, and my servant will be healed. For I too am a man under authority, with soldiers under me. And I say to one, ‘Go,’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes, and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.'” (8:8-9)

1. FINDINGS: “When Jesus heard this, he marveled and said to those who followed him, ‘Truly, I tell you, with no one in Israel have I found such faith.” (8:10)

2. CRITERIA: “And to the centurion Jesus said, ‘Go; let it be done for you as you have believed.'” (8:13)

3. CONDITION: “And the servant was healed at that very moment.” (8:13)

4. CAUSE: “. . . you have believed.” (8:13)

5. EFFECT: “. . . the servant was healed at that very moment.” (8:13)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “What was said to him, is said to all, Believe, and ye shall receive; only believe. See the power of Christ, and the power of faith. The healing of our souls is at once the effect and evidence of our interest in the blood of Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT: “And when Jesus entered Peter’s house, he saw his mother-in-law lying sick with a fever.” (8:14)

A. INFERENCE: “He touched her hand, and the fever left her, and she rose and began to serve him.” (8:15)

1. FINDINGS: “That evening they brought to him many who were oppressed by demons, and he cast out the spirits with a word and heled all who were sick.” (8:16)

2. CRITERIA: “This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah: ‘He took our illnesses and bore our diseases.'” (8:17)

3. CONDITION: “In spiritual healing, the Scripture speaks the word, the Spirit gives the touch, touches the heart, touches the hand.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Jesus Christ bore our sicknesses and carried our sorrows, to support and comfort us” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “He healed all that were sick” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us not grudge labor, trouble, or expense in doing good to others.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT: “Now when Jesus saw a crowd around him, he gave orders to go over to the other side.” (8:18)

A. INFERENCE: “And a scribe came up and said to him, ‘Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go.'” (8:19)

1. FINDINGS: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.’ Another of the disciples said to him, ‘Lord, let me first go and bury my father.’ And Jesus said to him, Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.'” (8:20-22)

2. CRITERIA: “Many resolutions for religion are produced by sudden conviction, and taken up without due consideration; these come to nothing.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “Christ saw his heart, and answered to its thoughts, and therein teaches all how to come to Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “His resolve seems to have been from a worldly, covetous principle; but Christ had not a place to lay his head on, and if he follows him, he must not expect to fare better than he fared. We have reason to think this scribe went away. Another was too slow. Delay in doing is as bad on the one hand, as hastiness in resolving is on the other. He asked leave to attend his father to his grave, and then he would be at Christ’s service. This seemed reasonable, yet it was not right. He had not true zeal for the work.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “The cost of following Jesus cannot be conditional.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Follow with zeal.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: “And when he got into the boat, his disciples followed him. And behold, there arose a great storm on the sea, so that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but he was asleep.” (8:24)

A. INFERENCE: “And they went and woke him, saying, ‘Save us, Lord; we are perishing.’ And he said to them, ‘Why are you afraid, O you of little faith?’ ” (8:25-26)

1. FINDINGS: “Then he rose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm.” (8:26)

2. CRITERIA: “And the men marveled, saying, ‘What sort of man is this, that even winds and sea obey him?” (8:27)

3. CONDITION: “It is a comfort to those who go down to the sea in ships, and are often in perils there, to reflect that they have a Savior to trust in and pray to, who knows what it is to be on the water, and to be in storms there.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Those who are passing with Christ over the ocean of this world, must expect storms.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Many that have true faith, are weak in it. Christ’s disciples are apt to be disquieted with fears in a stormy day; to torment themselves that things are bad with them, and with dismal thoughts that they will be worse.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Great storms of doubt and fear in the soul, under the power of the spirit of bondage, sometimes end in a wonderful calm, created and spoken by the Spirit of adoption. Wait on the Lord.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT: “And when he came to the other side, to the country of the Gadarenes, two demon-possessed men met him, coming out of the tombs, so fierce that no one could pass that way.” (8:28)

A. INFERENCE: “And behold, they cried out, ‘What have you to do with us, O Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time?'” (8:29)

1. FINDINGS: “Now a herd of many pigs was feeding at some distance from them. And the demons begged him , saying, ‘If you cast us out, send us away into the herd of pigs.'” (8:30-31)

2. CRITERIA: “And he said to them, ‘Go.'” (8:32)

3. CONDITION: “So they came out and went into the pigs, and behold, the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea and drowned in the waters.” (8:32)

4. CAUSE: “The herdsmen fled, and going into the city they told everything, especially what had happened to the demon-possessed men.” (8:33)

5. EFFECT: “And behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus, and when they saw him, they begged him to leave their region.” (8:34)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “There are a great many who prefer their swine before the Savior, and so come short of Christ and salvation by him. They desire Christ to depart out of their hearts, and will not suffer his word to have place in them, because he and his word would destroy their brutish lusts; follow Christ, not swine.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

Matthew 9:1, I. Jesus Heals a Paralytic; II. Jesus Calls Matthew; III. A Question About Fasting; IV. A Girl Restored to Life and a Woman Healed; V. Jesus heals Two Blind Men; VI. Jesus Heals a Man Unable to Speak; VII. The Harvest is Plentiful, the Laborers Few

I. KEY TEXT: “And getting into a boat he crossed over and came to his own city. And behold, some people brought to him a paralytic, lying on a bed. And when Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, ‘Take heart, my son; your sins are forgiven.'” (9:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “And behold, some of the scribes said to themselves, ‘This man is blaspheming.'” (9:3)

1. FINDINGS: “But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, ‘Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’?” (9:4-5)

2. CRITERIA: “‘But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,’ he then said to the paralytic, ‘Rise, pick up you bed and go home.’ And he rose and went home.” (9:6-7)

3. CONDITION: “When the crowds saw it, they were afraid, and they glorified God, who had given such authority to men.” (9:8)

4. CAUSE: “God must be glorified in all the power that is given to do good.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Christ designed to show that his great errand to the world was, to save his people from their sins. He turned from disputing with the scribes, and spake healing to the sick man.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “The great intention of the blessed Jesus in the redemption he wrought, is to separate our hearts from sin. Our Lord Jesus has perfect knowledge of all that we say within ourselves. There is a great deal of evil in sinful thoughts, which is very offensive to the Lord Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

II. KEY TEXT: “As Jesus passed on from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, ‘Follow me.’ And he rose and followed him.” (9:9)

A. INFERENCE: “And as Jesus reclined at table in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and were reclining with Jesus and his disciples.” (9:10)

1. FINDINGS: “And when the Pharisees saw this, they said to his disciples, ‘Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?'” (9:11)

2. CRITERIA: “But when he heard it, he said, ‘Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. Go and learn what this means, I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.'” (9:12-13)

3. CONDITION: “The Pharisees despised Christ because they thought themselves whole; but the poor publicans and sinners felt that they wanted instruction and amendment.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Christ’s conversing with sinners is here called mercy; for to promote the conversion of souls is the greatest act of mercy.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “The gospel call is a call to repentance; a call to us to change our minds, and to change our ways. If the children of men had not been sinners, there had been no need for Christ to come among them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us examine whether we have found out our sickness, and have learned to follow the directions of our great Physician.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

III. KEY TEXT: “Then the disciples of John came to him, saying, ‘Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?'” (9:14)

A. INFERENCE: “And Jesus said to them, ‘Can the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.'” (9:15)

1. FINDINGS: “No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment, for the patch tears away from the garment, and a worse tear is made. Neither is new wine put into old wineskins. If it is, the skins burst and the wine is spilled and the skins are destroyed.” (9:16-17)

2. CRITERIA: “‘But new wine is put into fresh wineskins, and so both are preserved.'” (9:17)

3. CONDITION: “Great caution and prudence are necessary, that young converts may not receive gloomy and forbidding ideas of the service of our Lord; but duties are to be urged as they are able to bear them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “Though there is no doubt that Jesus and his disciples lived in a spare and frugal manner, it would be improper for his disciples to fast while they had the comfort of his presence.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “When he is with them, all is well. The presence of the sun makes day, and its absence produces night.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Preserve the present.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

IV. KEY TEXT: “While he was saying these things to them, behold, a ruler came in and knelt before him, saying, ‘My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live.'” (9:18)

A. INFERENCE: “Jesus rose and followed him, with his disciples.” (9:18)

1. FINDINGS: “And when Jesus came to the ruler’s house and saw the flute players and the crowd making a commotion, he said, ‘Go away, for the girl is not dead but sleeping.’ And they laughed at him.” (9:23-24)

2. CRITERIA: “But when the crowd had been put outside, he went in and took her by the hand, and the girl arose.” (9:25)

3. CONDITION: “Dead souls are not raised to spiritual life, unless Christ take them by the hand: it is done in the day of his power.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “If this single instance of Christ’s raising one newly dead so increased his fame, what will be his glory when all that are in their graves shall hear his voice, and come forth; those that have done good to the resurrection of life, and those that have done evil to the resurrection of damnation!” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “And the report of this went through all that district.” (9:26)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “A poor woman applied herself to Christ, and received mercy from him by the way. If we do but touch, as it were, the hem of Christ’s garment by living faith, our worst evils will be healed; there is no other real cure, nor need we fear his knowing things which are a grief and burden to us, but which we would not tell to any earthly friend. Embrace the faith of the ruler and the woman who touched his garment.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

V. KEY TEXT: “And as Jesus passed on from there, two blind men followed him, crying aloud, ‘Have mercy on us, Son of David.'” (9:27)

A. INFERENCE: “When he entered the house, the blind men came to him, and Jesus said to them, ‘Do you believe that I am able to do this?’ They said to him, ‘Yes, Lord.'” (9:28)

1. FINDINGS: “Then he touched their eyes, saying, ‘According to your faith be it done to you.'” (9:29)

2. CRITERIA: “And whatever our wants and burdens are, we need no more for supply and support, than to share in the mercy of our Lord Jesus. In Christ is enough for all.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “And their eyes were opened.” (9:30)

4. CAUSE: “. . . their faith . . . ” (9:29)

5. EFFECT: “And Jesus sternly warned them, ‘See that no one knows about it.’ But they went away and spread his fame through all that district.” (9:30-31)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Do ye believe?” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VI. KEY TEXT: “As they were going away, behold, a demon-oppressed man who was mute was brought to him.” (9:32)

A. INFERENCE: “And when the demon had been cast out, the mute man spoke. And the crowds marveled, saying, ‘Never was anything like this seen in Israel.” (9:33)

1. FINDINGS: “But the Pharisees said, ‘He casts out demons by the prince of demons.'” (9:34)

2. CRITERIA: “Christ’s cures strike at the root, and remove the effect by taking away the cause; they open the lips, by breaking Satan’s power in the soul.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “. . . the mute man spoke . . .” (9:33)

4. CAUSE: “. . . by taking away the cause . . . ” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “Christ’s cures strike at the root, and remove the effect by taking away the cause.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Place your faith in Jesus.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

VII. KEY TEXT: “And Jesus went throughout all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction.” (9:35)

A. INFERENCE: “When he saw the crowds, he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.” (9:36)

1. FINDINGS: “Then he said to his disciples, ‘The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.'” (9:37)

2. CRITERIA: “Christ had compassion on the people as sheep scattered, as men perishing for lack of knowledge.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

3. CONDITION: “The multitudes desirous of spiritual instruction formed a plenteous harvest, needing many active laborers; but few deserved that character. Christ is the Lord of the harvest.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

4. CAUSE: “To this day vast multitudes are as sheep not having a shepherd, and we should have compassion and do all we can to help them.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

5. EFFECT: “It is a sign that God is about to bestow some special mercy upon a people, when he stirs them up to pray for it. And commissions given to laborers in answer to prayer, are most likely to be successful.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Let us pray that many may be raised up and sent forth, who will labor in bringing souls to Christ.” (Matthew Henry Concise Commentary)

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