Week #120; Wed, Apr 15: Zechariah 10:1–Malachi–Matthew 2:23

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Zechariah 10:1, The Restoration for Judah and Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “Ask rain from the Lord in the season of the spring rain, from the Lord who makes the storm clouds, and he will give them showers of rain, to everyone the vegetation in the field.” (10:1)

A. INFERENCE: “For the household gods utter nonsense, and the diviners see lies; they tell false dreams and give empty consolation. Therefore the people wander like sheep; they are afflicted for lack of a shepherd.” (10:2)

1. FINDINGS: “My anger is hot against the shepherds, and I will punish the leaders; for the Lord of hosts cares for his flock, the house of Judah, and will make them like his majestic steed in battle.” (10:3)

2. CRITERIA: “I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph. I will bring them back because I have compassion on them, and they shall be as though I had not rejected them, for I am the Lord their God and I will answer them.” (10:6)

3. CONDITION: “Though I scattered them among the nations, yet in far countries they shall remember me, and with their children they shall live and return.” (10:9)

4. CAUSE: “For the household gods utter nonsense, and the diviners see lies; they tell false dreams and give empty consolation.” (10:2)

5. EFFECT: “‘I will make them strong in the Lord, and they shall walk in his name,’ declares the Lord.” (10:12)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Ask rain from the Lord in the season of the spring rain, from the Lord who makes the storm clouds, and he will give them showers of rain, to everyone the vegetation in the field.” (10:1)

Zechariah 11:1, The Flock Doomed to Slaughter

I. KEY TEXT: “For I will no longer have pity on the inhabitants of this land, declares the Lord. Behold, I will cause each of them to fall into the hand of his neighbor, and each into the hand of his king, and they shall crush the land, and I will deliver none from their hand.” (11:6)

A. INFERENCE: “So, I became the shepherd of the flock doomed to be slaughtered by the sheep traders. And I took two staffs, one I named Favor, the other I named Union. And I tended the sheep.” (11:7)

1. FINDINGS: “For I will no longer have pity on the inhabitants of this land, declares the Lord. Behold, I will cause each of them to fall into the hand of his neighbor, and each into the hand of his king, and they shall crush the land, and I will deliver none from their hand.” (11:6)

2. CRITERIA: “No pity.” (11:6)

3. CONDITION: “And I took my staff, Favor, and I broke it, annulling the covenant that I had made with all the peoples . . . Then I broke my second staff Union, annulling the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.” (11:10, 14)

4. CAUSE: “For behold, I am raising up in the land a shepherd who does not care for those being destroyed, or seek the young or heal the maimed or nourish the healthy, but devours the flesh of the fat ones, tearing off even their hoofs.” (11:16)

5. EFFECT: “Woe to my worthless shepherd, who deserts the flock! May the sword strike his arm and his right eye! Let his arm be wholly withered, his right eye utterly blinded!” (11:17)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Throw away your wages of thirty pieces of silver–the lordly price at which I was priced by them, to the potter. (11:13)

Zechariah 12:1, The Lord Will Give Salvation

I. KEY TEXT: “The burden of the word of the Lord concerning Israel: Thus declares the Lord, who stretched out the heavens and founded the earth and formed the spirit of man within him: ‘Behold, I am about to make Jerusalem a cup of staggering to all the surrounding peoples. The siege of Jerusalem will also be against Judah. On that day I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone for all the peoples. All who lift it will surely hurt themselves. And all the nations of the earth will gather against it. On that day, declares the Lord, I will strike every horse with panic, and its rider with madness, But for the sake of the house of Judah I will keep my eyes open, when I strike every horse of the peoples with blindness. Then the clans of Judah shall say to themselves, The ‘inhabitants of Jerusalem have strength through the Lord of hosts, their God.'” (12:1-5)

A. INFERENCE: “On that day I will make the clans of Judah like a blazing pot in the midst of wood, like a flaming torch among sheaves. And they shall devour to the right and to the left all the surrounding peoples, while Jerusalem shall again be inhabited in its place, in Jerusalem.” (12:6)

1. FINDINGS: “And the Lord will give salvation to the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem may not surpass that of Judah. On that day the Lord will protect the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them on that day shall be like David, and the house of David shall be like God, like the angel of the Lord, going before them. And on that day I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.” (12:7-9) Jesus can be seen here.

2. CRITERIA: “And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn. ” (12:10) Jesus can be seen here.

3. CONDITION: “On that day the mourning in Jerusalem will be as great as the mourning for Hadad-rimmon in the plain of Megiddo.” (12:11, Rev. 19:16)

4. CAUSE: Jesus wins. (12:10)

5. EFFECT: “The land shall mourn, each family by itself: the family of the house of David by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of the house of Nathan by itself, and their wives by themselves; the house of Levi by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of the Shimeites by itself, and their wives by themselves; and all the families that are left, each by itself, and their wives by themselves.” (12:12-14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent and renew their covenant with the Lord God. (12:1-14)

Zechariah 13:1, Idolatry Cut Off

I. KEY TEXT: “And on that day there shall be a fountain opened for the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and uncleanness.” (13:1)

A. INFERENCE: “And on that day, declares the Lord of hosts, I will cut off the names of the idols from the land, so that they shall be remembered no more. And also I will remove from the land the prophets and the spirit of uncleanness. And if anyone again prophesies, his father and mother who bore him will say to him, ‘You shall not live, for you speak lies in the name of the Lord.’ And his father and mother who bore him shall pierce him through when he prophesies.” (13:2-3)

1. FINDINGS: “‘Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, against the man who stands next to me, declares the Lord of hosts. Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered; I will turn my hand against the little ones. In the whole land, declares the Lord, two thirds hall be cut off and perish, and one third shall be left alive. And I will put this third into the fire, and refine them as one refines silver, and test them as gold is tested. They will call upon my name, and I will answer them. I will say, ‘They are my people’; and they will say, ‘The Lord is my God.'” (13:7-9)

2. CRITERIA: The “Prophets and the spirit of uncleanness” to be removed from the land. (13:2)

3. CONDITION: “In the whole land, declares the Lord, two thirds shall be cut off and perish, and one third shall be left alive. And I will put this third into the fire, and refine them as one refines silver, and test them as gold is tested. They will call upon my name, and I will answer them. I will say, ‘They are my people’; and they will say, ‘The Lord is my God.'” (13:7-9)

4. CAUSE: Idols and false prophets. (13:1-9)

5. EFFECT: “They will call upon my name, and I will answer them.” (13:9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent and renew their covenant with the Lord God. (12:1-14)

Zechariah 14:1, The Coming Day of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “Behold, a day is coming for the Lord, when the spoil taken from you will be divided in your midst. For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle, and the city shall be taken and the houses plundered and the women raped. Half of the city shall go out into exile, but the rest of the people shall not be cut off from the city.” (14:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Then the Lord will go out and fight against those nations as when he fights on a day of battle. On that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives that lies before Jerusalem on the east, and the Mount of Olives shall split in two from east to west by a very wide valley, so that one half of the Mount shall move northward, and the other half southward. And you shall flee to the valley of my mountains, for the valley of the mountains shall reach to Azal. And you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.” (14:3-5) Jesus can be seen here.

1. FINDINGS: “And the Lord will be king over all the earth. On that day the Lord will be one and his name one.” (14:9) Jesus can be seen here.

2. CRITERIA: “The whole land shall be turned into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem. But Jerusalem shall remain aloft on its site . . . And it shall be inhabited, for there shall never again be a decree of utter destruction. Jerusalem shall dwell in security.” (14:11)

3. CONDITION: “And this shall be ‘the plague’ with which the Lord will strike all the peoples that wage war against Jerusalem: their flesh will rot while they are still standing on their feet, their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongues will rot in their mouths.” (14:12)

4. CAUSE: “Jesus wins.” (14:1-21; Matt. 24:40-51; Rev. 21:23-25)

5. EFFECT: “Then everyone who survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Booths.” (14:16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Attend the ‘Feast of Booths’ to worship the King, the Lord of hosts.” (14:16)

Malachi 1:1, The Lord’s Love for Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “‘I have loved you,’ says the Lord.” (1:2)

A. INFERENCE: “But you say, ‘How have you loved us?'” (1:2)

1. FINDINGS: “If Edom says, ‘We are shattered but we will rebuild the ruins,’ the Lord of hosts says, ‘They may build, but I will tear down, and they will be called the wicked country,’ and the people with whom the Lord is angry forever.'” (1:4)

2. CRITERIA: The love of the Lord for Israel is beyond their understanding. (1:2)

3. CONDITION: “A son honors his father, and a servant his master. If then I am a father, where is my honor? And if I am a master, where is my fear? says the Lord of hosts to you, O priests, who despise my name.” (1:6)

4. CAUSE: “By offering polluted food upon my altar.” (1:7)

5. EFFECT: “Your own eyes shall see this, and you shall say, ‘Great is the Lord beyond the border of Israel!'” (1:5)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Offer only what is a pure offering to the Lord. (1:1-14)

Malachi 2:1, The Lord Rebukes the Priests

I. KEY TEXT: “And now, O priests, this command is for you. If you will not listen, if you will not take it to heart to give honor to my name, says the Lord of hosts, then I will send the curse upon you and I will curse your blessings. Indeed, I have already cursed them, because you do not lay it to heart.” (2:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “For the lips of a priest should guard knowledge, and people should seek instruction from his mouth. for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts.” (2:7)

1. FINDINGS: “But you have turned aside from the way. You have caused many to stumble by your instruction. You have corrupted the covenant of Levi, says the Lord of hosts, and so I make you despised and abased before all the people, inasmuch as you do not keep my ways but show partiality in your instruction.” (2:8-9)

2. CRITERIA: The covenant of Levi. (2:8)

3. CONDITION: “You have corrupted the covenant of Levi.” (2:8)

4. CAUSE: “You have turned aside from the way. You have caused many to stumble by your instruction.” (2:9)

5. EFFECT: “. . . so I make you despised and abased before all the people, inasmuch as you do not keep my ways but show partiality in your instruction.” (2:9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Uphold the covenant of Levi.” (2:8)

B. INFERENCE: “Have we not all one Father? Has not one God created us? Why then are we faithless to one another, profaning the covenant of our fathers?” (2:10)

1. FINDINGS: “For Judah has been faithless, and abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem. For Judah has profaned the sanctuary of the Lord, which he loves, and has married the daughter of a foreign god. And this second thing you do. You cover the Lord’s altar with tears, with weeping and groaning because he no longer regards the offering or accepts it with favor from you hand.” (2:11, 13)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . the covenant of our fathers.” (2:10)

3. CONDITION: “Judah has been faithless, and abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem. For Judah has profaned the sanctuary of the Lord, which he loves, and has married the daughter of a foreign god.” (2:11)

4. CAUSE: “You have wearied the Lord with your words. But you say, ‘How have we wearied him?’ By saying, ‘Everyone who does evil is good in the sight of the Lord, and he delights in them.’ Or by asking, ‘Where is the God of justice?'” (2:17)

5. EFFECT: “Did he not make them one, with a portion of the Spirit in their union?” Godly offspring was obstructed. (2:15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “So guard yourselves in your spirit, and do not be faithless . . .” (2:16)

Malachi 3:1, The Messenger of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming, says the Lord of host. But, who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner’s fire and like fullers’ soap. He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver, and he will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, and they will bring offerings in righteousness to the Lord. Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the Lord as in the days of old and as in former years.” (3:1-4; Matt. 11:10; Mark 1:2; Luke 7:27) Jesus and John the Baptist/Elijah can be seen here.

A. INFERENCE: “Then I will draw near to you for judgment” (3:5)

1. FINDINGS: “I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, against the adulterers, against those who swear falsely, against those who oppress the hired worker in his wages, the widow and the fatherless, against those who thrust aside the sojourner, and do not fear me, says the Lord of hosts.” (3:5)

2. CRITERIA: “For I the Lord do not change; therefore you, O children of Jacob, are not consumed. From the days of your fathers you have turned aside from my statutes and have not kept them. Return to me, and I will return to you, says the Lord of hosts. ” (3:6-7)

3. CONDITION: “But you say, ‘How shall we return? Will man rob God? Yet you are robbing me. But you say, ‘How have we robbed you? In your tithes and contributions.” (3:8)

4. CAUSE: “From the days of your fathers you have turned aside from my statutes and have not kept them.” (3:7)

5. EFFECT: “You are cursed with a curse for you are robbing me, the whole nation of you.” (3:9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Bring the full tithe into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house. And thereby put me to the test, says the Lord of hosts, if I will not open the windows of heaven for you and pour down for you a blessing until there is no more need.” (3:9-10)

B. INFERENCE: “‘Your words have been hard against me, says the Lord.’ But you say, ‘How have we spoken against you?’ ” (3:13)

1. FINDINGS: “You have said, ‘It is vain to serve God. What is the profit of our keeping his charge or of walking as in mourning before the Lord of hosts? And now we call the arrogant blessed.” (3:14)

2. CRITERIA: “Then those who feared the Lord spoke with one another. The Lord paid attention and heard them, and a book of remembrance was written before him of those who feared the Lord and esteemed his name. ‘They shall be mine,’ says the Lord of hosts, ‘in the day when I make up my treasured possession, and I will spare them as a man spared his son who serves him.'” (3:16-18)

3. CONDITION: “Evildoers not only prosper but they put God to the test and they escape.'” (3:15)

4. CAUSE: “You have wearied the Lord with your words. But you say, ‘How have we wearied him?’ By saying, ‘Everyone who does evil is good in the sight of the Lord, and he delights in them.’ Or by asking, ‘Where is the God of justice?'” (2:17)

5. EFFECT: “You are cursed with a curse for you are robbing me, the whole nation of you.” (3:9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “So guard yourselves in your spirit, and do not be faithless . . .” (2:16)

Malachi 4:1, The Great Day of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “For behold, the day is coming, burning like an oven, when all the arrogant and all evildoers will be stubble.” (4:1; 2 Peter 3)

A. INFERENCE: “The day that is coming shall set them ablaze, says the Lord of hosts, so that it will leave them neither root nor branch.” (4:1)

1. FINDINGS: “But for you who fear my name, the sun of righteousness shall rise with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall.” (4:2)

2. CRITERIA: “And you shall tread down the wicked, for they will be ashes under the soles of your feet, on the day when I act, says the Lord of hosts.” (4:3)

3. CONDITION: “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.” (4:5)

4. CAUSE: “. . . the day is coming, burning like an oven, when all the arrogant and all evildoers will be stubble.” (4:1)

5. EFFECT: “And he will turn the hearts of fathers to their children and the hearts of children to their fathers, lest I come and strike the land with a decree of utter destruction.” (4:6)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Remember the law of my servant Moses, the statutes and rules that I commanded him at Horeb for all Israel.” (4:4)

Matthew 1:1, The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

I. KEY TEXT: “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” (1:1)

A. INFERENCE: “So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations.” (1:17)

1. FINDINGS: “Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way . . . Mary was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit.” (1:18)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . an angel of the Lord appeared to him (Joseph) in a dream, saying . . . do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.” (1:19-20)

3. CONDITION: “She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” (1:21)

4. CAUSE: “All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: ‘Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel.'” (1:23)

5. EFFECT: “And he called his name Jesus.” (1:25)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Do as the Lord commands . . .” (1:24)

Matthew 2:1, The Visit of the Wise Men

I. KEY TEXT: “Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men form the east came to Jerusalem, saying, ‘Where is he who has been born king of the Jews?” (2:1)

A. INFERENCE: “They told them (by Herod), ‘In Bethlehem of Judea, for so it is written by the prophet: ‘And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means lest among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.'” (2:5-6)

1. FINDINGS: “Go and search diligently for the child (said Herod), and when you have found him, bring me word, that I too may come and worship him.'” (2:8)

2. CRITERIA: “And behold, the star that they had seen when it rose went before them until it came to rest over the place where the child was.” (2:9)

3. CONDITION: “. . . when they saw the child with Mary his mother, they fell down and worshiped him. Then opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh.” (2:11)

4. CAUSE: “And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way.” (2:12)

5. EFFECT: “Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, ‘Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” (2:13)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, ‘Rise take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child’s life are dead. And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled: ‘He shall be called a Nazarene.'” (2:20, 23)

2 thoughts on “Week #120; Wed, Apr 15: Zechariah 10–Malachi–Matthew 2

  1. I find that the genealogy of Jesus Christ in the first chapter of Matthew “irons over” the seam between the old and new testaments in such a way that God’s entire word becomes seamless much like Jesus’ outer garment–one piece; one book.

    In a similar way, I’m warmed by Zechariah 12:7-9 (et al) how the Jews will be saved as a nation, giving further assurance that salvation of all of God’s people is included in His master strategic plan–to restore a pure kingdom beginning on Mt. Zion, His Holy Hill. The Lamb’s Book of Life pertains–It was founded before the foundation of the world.

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