Week #119; Wed, Apr 08: Haggai 1:1–Zechariah 9:17

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Haggai 1, The Command to Rebuild the Temple

I. KEY TEXT: “‘Thus says the Lord of hosts: These people say the time has not yet come to rebuild the house of the Lord.’ Then the word of the Lord came by the hand of Haggai the prophet, ‘Is it a time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, while this house lies in ruins? Now, therefore, thus says the Lord of hosts: Consider your ways. You have sown much, and harvested little. You eat, but you never have enough; you drink, but you never have your fill. You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm. And he who earns wages does so to put them into a bag with holes.” (1:2-6)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord of hosts: Consider your ways. Go up to the hills and bring wood and build the house, that I may take pleasure in it and that I may be glorified, says the Lord.  You looked for much, and behold, it came to little. And when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why? declares the Lord of hosts. Because of my house that lies in ruins, while each of you busies himself with his own house. Therefore the heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce. And I have called for a drought on the land and the hills, on the grain, the new wine, the oil, on what the ground brings forth, on man and beast, and on all their labors.” (1:7-11)

1. FINDINGS: “Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the Lord their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the Lord their God had sent him. And the people feared the Lord.” (1:12)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord was not pleased with the neglect of his temple.” (Lev. 26:2-20)

3. CONDITION: “Because of my house that lies in ruins . . .” (1:9)

4. CAUSE: “. . . each of you busies himself with his own house.” (1:9)

5. EFFECT: The rebuilding of the temple reflected God’s restored presence among his people.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Rebuild the temple.

Haggai 2, The Coming Glory of the Temple

I. KEY TEXT: “In the seventh month, on the twenty-first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by the hand of Haggai the prophet, ‘Speak now to Zerubababel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to all the remnant of the people, and say, ‘Who is left among you who saw this house in its former glory? How do you see it now? Is it not as nothing in your eyes?” (2:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “Work, for I am with you, declares the Lord of hosts, according to the covenant that I made with you when you came out of Egypt. My Spirit remains in your midst. Fear not. For thus says the Lord of hosts: Yet once more, in a little while, I will shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land.” (2:4-6)

1. FINDINGS: “And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, declares the Lord of hosts. The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, says the Lord of hosts. And in this place I will give peace, declares the Lord of hosts.” (2:7-9)

2. CRITERIA: “The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, says the Lord of hosts. And in this place I will give peace, declares the Lord of hosts.” (2:9)

3. CONDITION: “I struck you and all the products of your toil with blight and with mildew and with hail, yet you did not turn to me, declares the Lord.” (2:17)

4. CAUSE: The chosen people did not turn to the Lord without Haggai’s messages from the Lord; yet the Lord God decided to bless them. It is these people that are chosen to bring the genealogy of Jesus Christ in Matthew together for his glory and our salvation.

5. EFFECT: Haggai’s prophesy was right then and is right now.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn to the Lord; fear the Lord and do what he says.

Zechariah 1, A Call to Return to the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came to the prophet Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, son of Iddo, saying, ‘The Lord was very angry with your fathers.’ Therefore, say to them ‘Thus declares the Lord of hosts: Return to me, says the Lord of hosts, and I will return to you, says the Lord of hosts. Do not be like your fathers, to whom the former prophets cried out, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, Return from your evil ways and from your evil deeds.'” (1:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: “But they did not hear or pay attention to me, declares the Lord. Your fathers, where are they? And the prophets, do they live forever? But my words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, did they not overtake your fathers? So they repented and said, As the Lord of hosts purposed to deal with us for our ways and deeds, so has he dealt with us.” (1:5-6)

1. FINDINGS: “I saw in the night, and behold, a man riding on a red horse! . . . “We have patrolled the earth and behold, all the earth remains at rest.’ . . . “I have returned to Jerusalem with mercy; my house shall be built in it, declares the Lord of hosts, and the measuring line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem.” (1:8, 11, 16) “And, I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, four horns! And I said to the angel who talked with me, ‘What are these? And he said to me, ‘These are the horns that have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.’ . . . ‘And these have come to terrify them, to cast down the horns of the nations who lifted up their horns against the land of Judah to scatter it.” (1:18-21)

2. CRITERIA: “My cities shall again overflow with prosperity and the Lord will again comfort Zion and again choose Jerusalem.” (1:17)

3. CONDITION: “And these have come to terrify them, to cast down the horns of the nations who lifted up their horns against the land of Judah to scatter it.” (1:21)

4. CAUSE: “Therefore, thus says the Lord, I have returned to Jerusalem with mercy; my house shall be built in it, declares the Lord of hosts, and the measuring line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem.” (1:16)

5. EFFECT: “My cities shall again overflow with prosperity and the Lord will again comfort Zion and again choose Jerusalem.” (1:17)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn to the Lord; fear the Lord and do what he says.

Zechariah 2, A Vision of a Man with a Measuring Line

I. KEY TEXT: “And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a man with a measuring line in his hand! Then I said, ‘Where are you going?’ And he said to me, ‘To measure Jerusalem, to see what is its width and what is its length.’ And behold, the angel who talked with me came forward, and another angel came forward to meet him and said to him, ‘Run, say to that young man, ‘Jerusalem shall be inhabited as villages without walls, because of the multitude of people and livestock in it. And I will be to her a wall of fire all around, declares the Lord, and I will be the glory in her midst.'” (2:1-5)

A. INFERENCE: “Up! Up! Flee from the land of the north, declares the Lord. For I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heavens, declares the Lord. For thus said the Lord of hosts, after his glory sent me to the nations who plundered you, for he who touches you touches the apple of his eye: . . .” (2:6-8)

1. FINDINGS: “‘Behold, I will shake my hand over them, and they shall become plunder for those who served them. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me.'” (2:9)

2. CRITERIA: “Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion, for behold, I come and I will dwell in your midst, declares the Lord.” (2:10)

3. CONDITION: “And many nations shall join themselves to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people. And I will dwell in your midst, and you shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you.” (2:11)

4. CAUSE: “Jerusalem shall be inhabited as villages without walls, because of the multitude of people and livestock in it. And I will be to her a wall of fire all around, declares the Lord, and I will be the glory in her midst.” (2:4-5)

5. EFFECT: “And the Lord will inherit Judah as his portion in the land, and will again choose Jerusalem.” (2:12)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord, for he has roused himself from his holy dwelling.” (2:13)

Zechariah 3, A Vision of Joshua the High Priest

I. KEY TEXT: “Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.” (3:1)

A. INFERENCE: “And the Lord said to Satan, ‘The Lord rebuke you, O Satan! The Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked form the fire?'” (3:2)

1. FINDINGS: “Now Joshua was standing before the angel, clothed with filthy garments. And the angel said to those who were standing before him, ‘Remove the filthy garments from him.’ And to him he said, ‘Behold, I have taken your iniquity away from you, and I will clothe you with pure vestments.'” (3:3-4)

2. CRITERIA: “And the angel of the Lord solemnly assured Joshua, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts: If you will walk in my ways and keep my charge, then you shall rule my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you the right of access among those who are standing here.'” (3:6-7)

3. CONDITION: “Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, you and your friends who sit before you, for they are men who are a sign: behold, I will bring my servant the Branch.” (3:8, Isa. 42:1)

4. CAUSE: “For behold, on the stone that I have set before Joshua, on a single stone with seven eyes, I will engrave its inscription, declares the Lord of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day.” (3:9)

5. EFFECT: “In that day, declares the Lord of hosts, every one of you will invite his neighbor to come under his vine and under his fig tree.” (3:10)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “The Lord’s chosen servant will bring justice to the nations.” (Isa. 42:1)

Zechariah 4, A Vision of a Golden Lampstand

I. KEY TEXT: “And the angel who talked with me came again and woke me, like a man who is awakened out of his sleep. And he said to me, ‘What do you see?’ I said, ‘I see, and behold, a lampstand all of gold, with a bowl on the top of it, and seven lamps on it, with seven lips on each of the lamps that are on the top of it. And there are two olive trees by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left.'” (4:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “And I said to the angel who talked with me, ‘What are these, my lord?’ Then the angel who talked with me answered and said to me, “Do you not know what these are?’ I said, No, my lord.’ Then he said to me. ‘This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, says the Lord of hosts.’ Who are you, O great mountain? And he shall bring forward the top stone amid shouts of Grace, grace to it!” (4:4-7)

1. FINDINGS: “Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also complete it. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you.” (4:8-9)

2. CRITERIA: “For whoever has despised the day of small things shall rejoice, and shall see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel.” (4:10)

3. CONDITION: “‘These seven are the eyes of the Lord, which range through the whole earth.’ Then I said to him, ‘What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand? And a second time I answered and said to him, What are these two branches of the olive trees, which are beside the two golden pipes from which the golden oil is poured out?’ He said to me, ‘Do you not know what these are?’ I said, ‘No, my lord.'” (4:10-13)

4. CAUSE: “Then he said, ‘These are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth.'” (4:14)

5. EFFECT: “These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. And if anyone would harm them, fire pours from their mouth and consumes their foes.” (Rev. 11:4)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Respect the power of the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. “They have the power to shut the sky, that no rain may fall during the days of their prophesying, and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood and strike the earth with every kind of plague (or virus), as often as they desire.” (Rev. 11:6)

Zechariah 5, A Vision of a Flying Scroll

I. KEY TEXT: “Again I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a flying scroll! And he said to me, ‘What do you see?’ I answered, ‘I see a flying scroll. Its length is twenty cubits, and its width ten cubits.’ Then he said to me, ‘This is the curse that goes out over the face of the whole land. For everyone who steals shall be cleaned out according to what is on one side, and everyone who swears falsely shall be cleaned out according to what is on the other side.’ I will send it out, declares the Lord of hosts, and it shall enter the house of the thief, and the house of him who swears falsely by my name. And it shall remain in his house and consume it, both timber and stones.'” (5:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: “Then the angel who talked with me came forward and said to me, ‘Lift you eyes and see what this is that is going out.’ And I said, ‘What is it?’ He said, ‘This is the basket that is going out.’ And he said, ‘This is their iniquity in all the land.’ And behold, the leaden cover was lifted, and there was a woman sitting in the basket! And he said, ‘This is Wickedness.’ And he thrust her back into the basket, and thrust down the leaden weight on its opening.” (5:5-8)

1. FINDINGS: “Then I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, two women coming forward! The wind was in their wings. They had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the basket between earth and heaven.” (5:9)

2. CRITERIA: All iniquities must be removed. (5:6)

3. CONDITION: Their iniquities are being removed from all the land. (5:6)

4. CAUSE: “Iniquities.” (5:6)

5. EFFECT: “Then I said to the angel who talked with me, ‘Where are they taking the basket?’ He said to me, ‘To the land of Shinar, to build a house for it. And when this is prepared, they will set the basket down there on its base.'” (5:10-11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Embrace justice. (Isa. 42:1)

Zechariah 6, A Vision of Four Chariots

I. KEY TEXT: “Again I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, four chariots came out from between two mountains. And the mountains were mountains of bronze. The first chariot had red horses, the second black horses, the third white horses, and the fourth chariot dappled horses–all of them strong.” (6:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “Then I answered and said to the angel who talked with me, ‘What are these, my lord?’ And the angel answered and said to me, ‘These are going out to the four winds of heaven, after presenting themselves before the Lord of all the earth. The chariot with the black horses goes toward the north country, the white ones go after them, and the dappled ones go toward the south country.'” (6:5-6)

1. FINDINGS: “When the strong horses came out, they were impatient to go and patrol the earth. And he said, ‘Go, patrol the earth.'” (6:7)

2. CRITERIA: “So they patrolled the earth.” (6:8)

3. CONDITION: ” Then he cried to me, ‘Behold, those who go toward the north country have set my Spirit at rest in the north country.'” (6:8)

4. CAUSE: The four chariots have a mission. (Dan. 2:39, Rev. 6:4-5)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will appear over them, and his arrow will go forth like lightning; the Lord God will sound the trumpet and will march forth in the whirlwinds of the south.” (9:14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Diligently obey the voice of the Lord your God.” (6:15)

B. INFERENCE: “And the word of the Lord came to me: “Take from the exiles Heldia, Tobijah, and Jedaiah, who have arrived from Babylon, and go the same day to the house of Josiah, the son of Zephaniah. Take from them silver and gold, and make a crown, and set it on the head of Joshua, the son o Jehozadak, the high priest. (6:9)

1. FINDINGS: “And say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘Behold, the man whose name is the Branch: for he shall branch out from his place, and he shall build the temple of he Lord.” (6:12)

2. CRITERIA: “It is he who shall build the temple of the Lord and shall bear royal honor, and shall sit and rule on his throne. And there shall be a priest on his throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.” (6:13)

3. CONDITION: “And the crown shall be in the temple of the Lord . . .” (6:14)

4. CAUSE: “And a reminder to Helem, Tobijah, Jedaiah, and Hen the son of Zephaniah. (6:15) Also, “A memorial” (Ex. 12:14)

5. EFFECT: “And those who are far off shall come and help to build the temple of the Lord. And you shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you.” (6:15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “And this shall come to pass, if you will diligently obey the voice of the Lord your God.” (6:15)

Zechariah 7, A Call for Justice and Mercy

I. KEY TEXT: “Then the word of the Lord of hosts came to me: ‘Say to all the people of the land and the priests, When you fasted and mourned in the fifth month and in the seventh, for these seventy years, was it for me that you fasted? And when you eat and when you drink, do you not eat for yourselves and drink for yourselves? Were not these the words that the Lord proclaimed by the former prophets, when Jerusalem was inhabited and prosperous, with her cities around her and the South and the lowland were inhabited?'” (7:4-7)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord of hosts, Render true judgments, show kindness and mercy to one another, do not oppress the widow, the fatherless, the sojourner, or the poor, and let none of you devise evil against another in your heart.” (7:9-10)

1. FINDINGS: “But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears that they might not hear.” (7:11)

2. CRITERIA: “They made their hearts diamond-hard lest they should hear the law and the words that the Lord of hosts had sent by his Spirit through the former prophets.” (7:12)

3. CONDITION: “Thus the land they left was desolate, so that no one went to and fro, and the pleasant land was made desolate.” (7:14)

4. CAUSE: “As I called, and they would not hear, so they called, and I would not hear, says the Lord of hosts, and . . . ” (7:13)

5. EFFECT: “. . . I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations that they had not known.” (7:13-14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Answer the call to justice and mercy. (7:1-14)

Zechariah 8, The Coming Peace and Prosperity of Zion

I. KEY TEXT: “And the word of the Lord of hosts came, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts: I am jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I am jealous for her with great wrath.” (8:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord: I have returned to Zion and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem, and Jerusalem shall be called the faithful city, and the mountain of the Lord of hosts, the holy mountain.” (8:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Thus says the Lord of hosts: Old men and old women shall again sit in the streets of Jerusalem, each with staff in hand because of great age. And the streets of the city shall be full of boys and girls playing in its streets.” (8:4-5)

2. CRITERIA: “Thus says the Lord of hosts: behold, I will save my people from the east country and from the west country and I will bring them to dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. And they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in faithfulness and in righteousness.” (8:7-8)

3. CONDITION: “Thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Let your hands be strong, you who in these days have been hearing these words form the mouth of the prophets who were present on the day that the foundation of the house of the Lord of hosts was laid, that the temple might be built.'” (8:9)

4. CAUSE: “For before those days there was no wage for man or any wage for beast, neither was there any safety from the foe for him who went out or came in, for I set every man against his neighbor. But now I will not deal with the remnant of this people as in the former days, declares the Lord of hosts. For there shall be a sowing of peace. The vine shall give its fruit, and the ground shall give its produce, and the heavens shall give their dew. And I will cause the remnant of this people to possess all these things.” (8:10-12)

5. EFFECT: “Thus says the Lord of hosts: Peoples shall yet come, even the inhabitants of many cities. The inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, ‘Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the Lord and to seek the Lord of hosts; I myself am going.’ Many peoples and strong nations shall come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts: In those days ten men from the nations of every tongue shall take hold of the robe of a Jew, saying, ‘Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.'” (8:20-23)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Fear not, but let your hands be strong.” (8:13)

Zechariah 9, Judgment on Israel’s Enemies

I. KEY TEXT: “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; righteous and having salvation is he humble and mounted on a donkey, on a colt the foal of a donkey.” (9:9) Jesus can be seen here.

A. INFERENCE: “I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim and the war horse from Jerusalem; and the battle bow shall be cut off, and he shall speak peace to the nations; his rule shall be from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth.” (9:10)

1. FINDINGS: “Then the Lord will appear over them, and his arrow will go forth like lightning; the Lord God will sound the trumpet and will march forth in the whirlwinds of the south.” (9:14)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord of hosts will protect them, and they shall devour, and tread down the sling stones, and they shall drink and roar as if drunk with wine, and be full like a bowl, drenched like the corners of the altar.” (9:15)

3. CONDITION: “On that day the Lord their God will save them, as the flock of his people; for like the jewels of a crown they shall shine on his land.” (9:16)

4. CAUSE: “For how great is his goodness, and how great his beauty! Grain shall make the young men flourish, and new wine the young women.” (9:17)

5. EFFECT: “On that day the Lord their God will save them, as the flock of his people; for like the jewels of a crown they shall shine on his land.” (9:16) Salvation of the Jews as a NATION can be seen here.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Shelter in place with the Lord of hosts. (9:1-17)

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