Week #116; Wed, Mar 18: Joel 1:1–Amos 7:17

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Joel 1, An Invasion of Locusts; A Call to Repentance

I. KEY TEXT: “What the cutting locust left, the swarming locust has eaten. What the swarming locust left, the hopping locust has eaten. Awake, you drunkards, and weep, and wail, all you drinkers of wine, because of the sweet wine, for it is cut off from your mouth.” (1:4-5)

A. INFERENCE: “Be ashamed, O tillers of the soil; wail, O vinedressers, for the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field has perished.” (1:11)

1. FINDINGS: “Consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly. Gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land to the house of the Lord your God, and cry out to the Lord.” (1:14)

2. CRITERIA: “Alas, for the day! For the day of the Lord is near, and as destruction from the Almighty it comes.” (1:15)

3. CONDITION: “To you, O Lord, I call. For fire has devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and flame has burned all the trees of the field. Even the beasts of the field pant for you because the water brooks are dried up, and fire has devoured the pastures of the wilderness.” (1:19-20)

4. CAUSE: “Is not the food cut off before your eyes, joy and gladness from the house of our God?” (1:16)

5. EFFECT: A locust plague struck Israel and Joel urged them to repent.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn to the Lord God and repent; return to the Lord

Joel 2, The Day of the Lord; Return to the Lord; The Lord Had Pity; and The Lord Will Pour Out His Spirit

I. KEY TEXT: “Blow a trumpet in Zion; sound an alarm on my holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness! Like blackness there is spread upon the mountains a great and powerful people; their like has never been before, nor will be again after them through the years of all generations.” (2:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Fire devours before them, and behind them a flame burns. The land is like the garden of Eden before them, but behind them a desolate wilderness, and nothing escapes them.” (2:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Then the Lord became jealous for his land and had pity on his people. The Lord answered and said to his people, ‘Behold, I am sending to you grain, wine, and oil, and you will be satisfied; and I will no more make you a reproach among the nations.'” (2:18-19)

2. CRITERIA: “‘Yet even now,’ declares the Lord, ‘return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments.’ Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster.” (2:12-13)

3. CONDITION: “The earth quakes before them; the heavens tremble. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. The Lord utters his voice before his army, for the camp is exceedingly great; he who executes his word is powerful. For the day of the Lord is great and very awesome; who can endure it?” (2:10-11)

4. CAUSE: “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour our my Spirit. And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes. And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the Lord has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the Lord calls.” (2:28-32)

5. EFFECT: “Be glad, O children of Zion, and rejoice in the Lord your God, for he has given the early rain for your vindication; he has poured down for you abundant rain, the early and the latter rain as before.” (2:23)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Blow the trumpet in Zion; consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly; gather the people. Consecrate the congregation; assemble the elders; gather the children, even nursing infants. Let the bridegroom leave his room, and the bride her chamber. Between the vestibule and the altar let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep and say, ‘Spare your people, O Lord, and make not your heritage a reproach, a byword among the nations. Why should they say among the peoples, ‘Where is their God?'” (2:15-17)

Joel 3, The Lord Judges the Nations; The Glorious Future of Judah

I. KEY TEXT: “For behold, in those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all the nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. And I will enter into judgment with them there, on behalf of my people and my heritage Israel, because they have scattered them among the nations and have divided up my land, and have cast lots for my people, and have traded a boy for a prostitute, and have sold a girl for wine and have drunk it.” (3:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “Proclaim this among the nations: Consecrate for war; stir up the mighty men. Let all the men of war draw near; let them come up. Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruning hooks into spears; let the weak say, ‘I am a warrior.'” (3:9-10)

1. FINDINGS: “Hasten and come, all you surrounding nations, and gather yourselves there. Bring down your warriors, O Lord. Let the nations stir themselves up and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.” (3:11-12)

2. CRITERIA: “Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Go in, tread, for the winepress is full. The vats overflow, for their evil is great.” (3:13)

3. CONDITION: “Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision.” (3:14)

4. CAUSE: “Evil.” (3:13)

5. EFFECT: “The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. The Lord roars from Zion, and utters his voice from Jerusalem, and the heavens and the earth quake. But the Lord is a refuge to his people, a stronghold to the people of Israel.” (3:15-16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “So you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who dwells in Zion, my holy mountain. And Jerusalem shall be holy, and strangers shall never again pass through it. An in that day the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the streambeds of Judah shall flow with water; and a fountain shall come forth from the house of the Lord and water the Valley of Shittim. . . . But Judah shall be inhabited forever, and Jerusalem to all generations. I will avenge their blood, blood I have not avenged, for the Lord dwells in Zion.” (3:17-18, 20-21)

Amos 1, Judgment on Israel’s Neighbors

I. KEY TEXT: “The Lord roars from Zion and utters his voice from Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds mourn, and the top of Carmel withers.” (1:2)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have threshed Gilead with threshing sledges of iron. So I will send a fire upon the house of Hazael, and it shall devour the strongholds of Ben-hadad. I will break the gate-bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitants from the Valley of Aven, and him who holds the scepter from Beth-eden; and the people of Syria shall go into exile to Kir,’ says the Lord. Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they carried into exile a whole people to deliver them up to Edom. So I will send a fire upon the wall of Gaza, and it shall devour her strongholds. I will cut off the inhabitants from Ashdod, and him who holds the scepter from Ashkelon; I will turn my hand against Ekron, and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish,’ Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Tyre, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they delivered up a whole people to Edom, and did not remember the covenant of brotherhood. So I will send a fire upon the wall of Tyre, and it shall devour her strongholds.’ Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because he pursued his brother with the sword and cast off all pity, and his anger tore perpetually, and he kept his wrath forever. So I will send a fire upon Temar, and it shall devour the strongholds of Bozrah.’ Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of the Amonites, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have ripped open pregnant women in Gilead, that they might enlarge their border. So I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour her strongholds, with shouting on the day of battle, and a tempest in the day of the whirlwind; and their king shall go into exile, and he and his princes together,’ says the Lord.” (1:3-15)

1. FINDINGS: “The Lord will not revoke punishment on the neighbors of Israel.” (1:3-15)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord will not forget transgressions against his people Israel.” (1:3-15)

3. CONDITION: “The Lord will execute judgment on Israel’s neighbor’s.” (1:3-15)

4. CAUSE: “Harsh destruction by neighbors of Israel upon Israel.” (1:3-15)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will execute harsh judgment on Israel’s neighbors.” (1:3-15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear awaiting judgment on Israel’s neighbors.

Amos 2, Judgment on Judah; and Judgment on Israel

I. KEY TEXT: Pertaining to judgment on Moab: “Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Moab, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because he burned to lime the bones of the king of Edom. So I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the strongholds of Kerioth, and Moab shall die amid uproar, amid shouting and the sound of the trumpet; I will cut off the ruler from its midst, and will kill all its princes with him,’ says the Lord.” (2:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: The Lord will not revoke punishment on the neighbors of Israel.” (1:3-15)

1. FINDINGS: “So I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the strongholds of Kerioth, and Moab shall die amid uproar, amid shouting and the sound of the trumpet; I will cut off the ruler from its midst, and will kill all its princes with him,’ says the Lord.” (2:1-3)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord will not forget transgressions against his people Israel.” (1:3-15)

3. CONDITION: “The Lord will execute judgment on Israel’s neighbor’s.” (1:3-15)

4. CAUSE: “The Lord will not forget transgressions against his people Israel.” (1:3-15)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will execute harsh judgment on Israel’s neighbors.” (1:3-15).

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear awaiting judgment on Israel’s neighbors.

II. KEY TEXT: Pertaining to judgment on Judah and Israel: “Thus says the Lord: For three transgressions of Judah and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have rejected the law of the Lord, and have not kept his statutes, but their lies have led them astray, those after which their fathers walked. So I will send a fire upon Judah, and it shall devour the strongholds of Jerusalem.’ Thus says the Lord: For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they sell the righteous for silver, and the needy for a pair of sandals–those who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth and turn aside the way of the afflicted; a man and his father go into the same girl, so that my holy name is profaned; they lay themselves down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge, and in the house of their God they drink the wine of those who have been fined.” (2:6-8)

A. INFERENCE: “Behold, I will press you down in your place as a cart full of sheaves presses down.” (2:3)

1. FINDINGS: “The Lord declares all will perish.” (2:14)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord will not forget to judge Judah and Israel.” (2:4, 6)

3. CONDITION: “Flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not retain his strength, nor shall the mighty save his life; he who handles the bow shall not stand, and he who is swift of foot shall not save himself, nor shall he who rides the horse save his life; and he who is stout of heart among the mighty shall flee away naked in that day,’ declares the Lord.” (2:14-16)

4. CAUSE: “. . . they have rejected the law of the Lord, and have not kept his statutes” (2:4)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will execute harsh judgment on Judah and Israel.” (2:4, 6)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear awaiting the Lord’s judgment; turn and return to the Lord.

Amos 3, Israel’s Guilt and Punishment

I. KEY TEXT: “Hear this word that the Lord has spoken against you, O people of Israel, against the whole family that I brought up out of the land of Egypt . . .” (3:1)

A. INFERENCE: “I will punish you for all your iniquities.” (3:2)

1. FINDINGS: “They do not know how to do right, declares the Lord, those who store up violence and robbery in their strongholds.” (3:10)

2. CRITERIA: “Thus says the Lord: ‘As the shepherd rescues from the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear, so shall the people of Israel who dwell in Samaria be rescued, with the corner of a couch and part of a bed.” (3:12)

3. CONDITION: “An adversary shall surround the land and bring down your defenses from you, and your strongholds shall be plundered.” (3:11)

4. CAUSE: “They do not know how to do right, declares the Lord, those who store up violence and robbery in their strongholds.” (3:10)

5. EFFECT: “I will punish you for all your iniquities.” (3:2)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord.

Amos 4, Israel Has Not Returned to the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “The Lord God has sworn by his holiness that, behold, the days are coming upon you, when they shall take you away with hooks, even the last of you with fishhooks.” (4:2-4)

A. INFERENCE: “. . . yet, you did not return to me.” (4:6)

1. FINDINGS: After many encounters, “Israel did not return to the Lord God.” (4:5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . prepare to meet your God, O Israel!” (4:12)

3. CONDITION: “For behold, he who forms the mountains and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, who makes the morning darkness, and treads on the heights of the earth–the Lord, the God of hosts, is his name.” (4:13)

4. CAUSE: “. . . oppress the poor, who crush the needy, . . .” (4:1)

5. EFFECT: “The days are coming upon you, . . .” (4:2)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days; offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving of that which is leavened and proclaim freewill offerings, publish them; for so you love to do, O people of Israel!” (4:4-5)

Amos 5, Seek the Lord and Live

I. KEY TEXT: “Hear this word that I take up over you in lamentation, O house of  Israel: ‘Fallen, no more to rise, is the virgin Israel; forsaken on her land, with none to raise her up.'” (5:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “The city that went out a thousand shall have a hundred left, and that which went out a hundred shall have ten left to the house of Israel.” (5:3)

1. FINDINGS: “They hate him who reproves in the gate, and they abhor him who speaks the truth. Therefore because you trample on the poor and you exact taxes of grain from him, you have built houses of hewn stone; but you shall not dwell in them; you have planted pleasant vineyards, but you shall not drink their wine.” (5:14)

2. CRITERIA: “For thus says the Lord to the house of Israel: ‘Seek me and live; but do not seek Bethel, and do not enter into Gilgal or cross over to Beersheba; for Gilgal shall surely go into exile, and Bethel shall come to nothing.” (5:5)

3. CONDITION: “For I know how many are your transgressions and how great are your sins–you who afflict the righteous, who take a bribe, and turn aside the needy in the gate.” (5:19-20)

4. CAUSE: “‘Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel? You shall take up Sikkuth your king, and Kiyyun your star-god–your images that you made for yourselves, and I will send you into exile beyond Damascus,’ says the Lord, whose name is the God of hosts.” (5:16)

5. EFFECT: “He who made the Pleiades and Orion, and turns deep darkness into the morning and darkens the day into night, who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out on the surface of the earth, the Lord is his name; who makes destruction flash forth against the strong, so that destruction comes upon the fortress.” (5:8-9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Seek good, and not evil, that you may live; and so the Lord, the God of hosts, will be with you, as you have said. Hate evil, and love good, and establish justice in the gate; it may be that the Lord, the God of hosts, will be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.” (5:14-15)

Amos 6, Woe to Those at Ease in Zion

I. KEY TEXT: “Woe to those who are at ease in Zion, and to those who feel secure on the mountain of Samaria, the notable men of the first of the nations, to whom the house of Israel comes!” (6:1)

A. INFERENCE: “O you who put far away the day of disaster and bring near the seat of violence?” (6:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Therefore they shall now be the first of those who go into exile, and the revelry of those who stretch themselves out shall pass away.” (6:7)

2. CRITERIA: “I abhor the pride of Jacob and hate his strongholds, and I will deliver up the city and all that is in it.” (6:8)

3. CONDITION: “And if ten men remain in one house, they shall die.” (6:9)

4. CAUSE: “‘For behold, I will raise up against you a nation, O house of Israel,’ declares the Lord, the God of hosts; and they shall oppress you from Lebohamath to the Brook of the Arabah.” (6:14)

5. EFFECT: “For behold, the Lord commands, and the great house shall be struck down into fragments, and the little house into bits.” (6:11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord God, the God of hosts.

Amos 7, Warning Visions; Amos Accused

I. KEY TEXT: “This is what he showed me: behold, the Lord was standing beside a wall built with a plumb line, with a plumb line in his hand. And the Lord said to me, ‘Amos, what do you see?’ And I said, ‘A plumb line.’ Then the Lord said, ‘Behold, I am setting a plumb line in the midst of my people Israel; I will never again pass by them; the high places of Isaac shall be made desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste, and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.” (7:7-9)

A. INFERENCE: “Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, ‘Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land is not able to bear all his words. For thus Amos has said, Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel must go into exile away from his land.'” (7:10-11)

1. FINDINGS: “And Amaziah said to Amos, ‘O seer, go, flee away to the land of Judah, and eat bread there, and prophesy there, but never again prophesy at Bethel, for it is the king’s sanctuary, and it is a temple of the kingdom.” (7:12)

2. CRITERIA: “Then Amos answered and said to Amaziah, ‘I was no prophet, nor a prophet’s son, but I was a herdsman and a dresser of sycamore figs. But the Lord took me from following the flock, and the Lord said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel.'” (7:15)

3. CONDITION: “Now therefore hear the word of the Lord. ‘You say, ‘Do not prophesy against Israel, and do not preach against the house of Isaac.'” (7:16)

4. CAUSE: “The end has come upon my people Israel; I will never again pass by them.” (8:2)

5. EFFECT: “Therefore thus says the Lord: ‘Your wife shall be a prostitute in the city, and your sons and your daughters shall fall by the sword, and your land shall be divided up with a measuring line; you yourself shall die in an unclean land, and Israel shall surely go into exile away from its land.'” (7:17)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord God, the God of hosts.

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