Week #114; Wed, Mar 04: Daniel 12–Hosea 3

Week #114; Wed, Mar 04: Daniel 12:1–Hosea 3:5

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Daniel 12, The Time of the End

I. KEY TEXT: “At that time shall arise Michael, the great prince who has charge of your people. And there shall be a time of trouble, such as never has been since there was a nation till that time. But at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone whose name shall be found written in the book. And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. And those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the sky above; and those who turn many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever. But you, Daniel, shut up the words and seal the book, until the time of the end. Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.” (12:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: Then I, Daniel, looked, and behold, two others stood, one on this bank of the stream and one on that bank of the stream. And someone said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream, ‘How long shall it be till the end of these wonders?’ And I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream; he raised his right hand and his left hand toward heaven and swore by him who lives forever that it would be for a time, times, and half a time, and that when the shattering of the power of the holy people comes to an end all these things would be finished. I heard, but I did not understand. Then I said, ‘O my Lord, what shall be the outcome of these things?’ He said, ‘Go your way, Daniel, for the words are shut up and sealed until the time of the end. Many shall purify themselves and make themselves white and be refined, but the wicked shall act wickedly. And none of the wicked shall understand, but those who are wise shall understand. And from the time that the regular burnt offering is taken away and the abomination that makes desolate is set up, there shall be 1,290 days (~3.5 yrs). But go your way till the end. And you shall rest and shall stand in your allotted place at the end of the days.'” (1:5-13)

1. FINDINGS: A Jewish resurrection will occur as a nation after the Rapture and before the Millennium. (Jer 16:14-15).

2. CRITERIA: There are three kinds of resurrections: Spiritual (the church before the tribulation), Physical (left behind), and National (Israel in one day). The Book of Life is the BOSS FILE; it contains the names of everyone that shall be delivered including Daniel’s people.

3. CONDITION: The end time is addressed here to the Jews as a “nation” when they will be converted in a single day and miraculously delivered to their own land from the lands where they were dispersed where they are to pass through the “Fiery Judgment” of the “Tribulation Period” (Ezek. 20:34-38; 22:19-22; Zech. 13:9, Malachi 3:1-3), the sufferings of which will cause them to call on the Lord for deliverance (Jer. 16:14-15; Isa. 4:35-7; Amos 9:14-15). Per the reference at paragraph I.G. on blog page 7, there will be three kinds of resurrections: (1) Spiritual, when a soul is “born again” and passes from death unto life, this is a spiritual resurrection which is going on continually before the Great Tribulation (John 5:24); (2) Physical, where the bodies of the righteous and wicked shall rise, but not at the same time. The righteous bodies shall rise to the resurrection of life before the Millennium, and the wicked bodies to the resurrection of the damnation at the close of the Millennium (John 5:28-29); and (3) National, when Israel who are now nationally dead and buried in the “Graveyard of the Nations,” but who are to be revived and restored to their own land (Jer. 16:14-15, Ezek. 37:12, 21, 22). This is before the “Fiery Judgment” of the “Tribulation Period” where the sufferings of which will cause them to call on the Lord for deliverance. He will pour out upon them the “Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech. 12:10)” and they shall “Nationally Repent (Zech. 12:11-14) and be Converted.” “I will take you from among the Heathen (the Gentiles), and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you into your own Land. Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. A New Heart also will I give you, and a New Spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the Stony Heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a ‘Heart of Flesh.’ And I will put My Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My Statutes, and ye shall keep My Judgments, and do them.” (Ezekiel. 36:24-27) Then will be fulfilled Is. 66:8–

4. CAUSE: The Lord’s end times plan is a three-part plan which includes provisions for the salvation of the Jews as a NATION in one day.

5. EFFECT: If the Lord wants you back, He is going to get you. A bigger boat may not save you, (Think of JAWS–boomp-boomp, boomp-boomp , . . . ), but Jesus will surely save you (Think of Peter sinking in the sea while walking to Jesus on the water . . . ), Reach out and take His hand; He will be there for you.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Wait patiently on the Lord, and be ready. The day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night . . . (2 Peter 3)

Hosea 1, Hosea’s Wife and Children

I. KEY TEXT: “When the Lord first spoke through Hosea, the Lord said to Hosea, ‘Go, take to your self a wife of whoredom and have children of whoredom for the land commits great whoredom by forsaking the Lord. So he went and took Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son.” (1:2-3)

A. INFERENCE: “And the Lord said to him, ‘Call his name Jezreel, for in just a little while I will punish the house of Jehu for the blood of Jezreel, and I will put an end to the kingdom the house of Israel. And on that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.’ She conceived again and bore a daughter. And the Lord said to him, ‘Call her name No Mercy, for I will no more have mercy on the house of Israel, to forgive them at all. But I will have mercy on the house of Judah, and I will save them by the Lord their God. I will not save them by bow or by sword or by war or by horses or by horsemen.’ When she had weaned No Mercy, she conceived and bore a son. And the Lord said, ‘Call his name Not My People, for you are not my people, and I am not your God.'” (1:4-9)

1. FINDINGS: “Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be like the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured or numbered. And in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ it shall be said to them, ‘Children of the living God.’ And the children of Judah and the children of Israel shall be gathered together, and they shall appoint for themselves one head. And they shall go up from the land, for great shall be the day of Jezreel.” (1:10-11)

2. CRITERIA: Forsaking the Lord is unacceptable to the Lord God. (1:2)

3. CONDITION: The Lord God will have no mercy to those who forsake him.

4. CAUSE: Wicked Baal worship versus Holy worship of the Lord God. (2:8)

5. EFFECT: The Lord God will take back all that was given, grain, wine, oil, wool, flax, silver, and gold.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The Lord God will put an end to all her whorings and going after Baals; for forgetting the Lord God.

2. Israel’s Unfaithfulness Punished

I. KEY TEXT: “And she did not know that it was I who gave her the grain, the wine, and the oil, and who lavished on her silver and gold, which they used for Baal. (2:8)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak tenderly to her. And there I will give her her vinyards and make the Valley of Achor a door of hope. And there she shall answer as in the days of her youth, as at the time when she came out of the land of Egypt.  (2:14-15)

1. FINDINGS: “And in that day, declares the Lord, you will call me ‘My Husband,’ and no longer will you call me ‘My Baal.’ For I will remove the names of the Baal from her mouth, and they shall be remembered by name no more. (2:16-18)

2. CRITERIA: The wrath of the Lord God will be administered to those that forsake the Lord God. (2:3-7)

3. CONDITION: Israel forgot the Lord God and was unfaithful by worshiping Baal, burning offerings to them and adorning herself with her ring and jewelry, and went after her lovers and forgot me, declares the Lord. (2:13)

4. CAUSE: “And she did not know that it was I who gave her the grain, the wine, and the oil, and who lavished on her silver and gold, which they used for Baal.(2:8)

5. EFFECT: “And I will make for them a covenant on that day with the beasts of the field, the birds of the heavens, and the creeping things of the ground. And I will abolish the bow, the sword, and war from the land, and I will make you lie down in safety. And I will betroth you to me in righteousness and in justice, in steadfast love and in mercy. I will betroth you to me in faithfulness. And you shall know the Lord.” (2:18-16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn back to the Lord God and the Lord’s mercy shall return to all Israel. (2:23)

Hosea 3, Hosea Redeems His Wife

I. KEY TEXT: “And the Lord said to me, ‘Go again, love a woman who is loved by another man and is an adulteress, even as the Lord loves the children of Israel, though they turn to other gods and love cakes of raisins.'” (3:1)

A. INFERENCE: So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver and a homer and a lethech of barley. And I said to her, ‘You must dwell as mine for many days. You shall not play the whore, or belong to another man; so will I also be to you.’ for the children of Israel shall dwell many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or pillar, without ephod or household gods.” (3:2-4)

1. FINDINGS: The love of the Lord God for his people Israel is unsurpassed.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God demands allegiance from His children, Israel.

3. CONDITION: Israel is the adulteress; however, redemption is still a consideration because of the unending love the Lord God has for his children. (3:4)

4. CAUSE: The Lord God has a master plan, to include a special people through Abraham to the time of the end that is set and cannot be changed; the Lord God, even now is bringing his people to the ready for consummating his plan for those in the Book of Life. Hosea is hearing the word of the Lord for what lies ahead for Israel (and all others).

5. EFFECT: Afterward the children of Israel shall return and seek the Lord their God, and David their king, and they shall come in fear to the Lord and to his goodness in the latter days.” (3:5)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn away from temptation and return to the Lord God.

Week #115; Wed, Mar 11: Hosea 4–14

Week #115; Wed, Mar 11: Hosea 4:1–14:9

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Hosea 4, The Lord Accuses Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “Hear the word of the Lord, O children of Israel, for the Lord has a controversy with the inhabitants of the land. There is no faithfulness or steadfast love, and no knowledge of God in the land; there is swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.” (4:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore the land mourns, and all who dwell in it languish, and also the beasts of the field and the birds of the heavens, and even the fish of the sea are taken away.” (4:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Yet let no one contend, and let none accuse, for with you is my contention, O priest. You shall stumble by day; the prophet also shall stumble with you by night; and I will destroy your mother.” (4:5)

2. CRITERIA: “After a period of prosperity (before 722BC), this prosperity brought moral decay, and Israel forsook God to worship idols.” (4:10-13) The Lord’s love tolerates no rivals.

3. CONDITION: “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being a priest to me. And since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.” (4:6)

4. CAUSE: “The more they  increased, the more they sinned against me; I will change their glory into shame. They feed on the sin of my people; they are greedy for their iniquity.” (4:7-8)

5. EFFECT: “And it shall be like people, like priest; I will punish them for their ways and repay them for their deeds. (4:9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Return to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 5, Punishment Coming for Israel and Judah

I. KEY TEXT: “Their deeds do not permit them to return to their God. For the spirit of whoredom is within them, and they know not the Lord.” (5:4)

A. INFERENCE: “The pride of Israel testifies to his face; Israel and Ephraim shall stumble in his guilt; Judah also shall stumble with them.” (5:5)

1. FINDINGS: “They have dealt faithlessly with the Lord; for they have borne alien children. Now the new moon shall devour them with their fields. Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah. Sound the alarm at Bethaven; we follow you, O Benjamin! Ephraim shall become a desolation in the day of punishment; among the tribes of Israel I make known what is sure.” (5:7-9)

2. CRITERIA: The Lord’s love tolerates no rivals.

3. CONDITION: The princes of Judah have become like those who move the landmark; upon them I will pour out my wrath like water.” (5:10)

4. CAUSE: Moral decay, Israel forsook God to worship idols and false gods.

5. EFFECT: “For I will be like a lion to Ephraim, and like a young lion to the house of Judah. I, even I, will tear and go away; I will carry off, and no one shall rescue. I will return again to my place, until they acknowledge their guilt and seek my face, and in their distress earnestly seek me.” (5:14-15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Return to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 6, Israel and Judah Are Unrepentant

I. KEY TEXT: “Come, let us return to the Lord; for he has torn us, that he may heal us; he has struck us down, and he will bind us up. After two days he will revive us; on the third day he will raise us up, that we may live before him.” (6:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “What shall I do with you, O Ephraim? What shall I do with you, O Judah? Your love is like a morning cloud, like the dew that goes early away.” (6:4)

1. FINDINGS: “But like Adam they transgressed the covenant; there they dealt faithlessly with me.” (6:7)

2. CRITERIA: “For I desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.” (6:6)

3. CONDITION: “Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with blood. As robbers lie in wait for a man, so the priests ban together; they murder on the way to Shechem; they commit villainy. In the house of Israel I have seen a horrible thing; Ephraim’s whoredom is there; Israel is defiled.” (6:8-9)

4. CAUSE: “Israel is defiled” by going after other gods. (6:10)

5. EFFECT: Punishment by the Lord God. (6:1)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Return to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 7, I Remember All Their Evil

I. KEY TEXT: “When I would heal Israel, the iniquity of Ephraim is revealed, and the evil deeds of Samaria; for they deal falsely; the thief breaks in, and the bandits raid outside. But they do not consider that I remember all their evil. Now their deeds surround them; they are before my face” (7:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “All their kings have fallen, and none of them calls upon me.” (7:7)

1. FINDINGS: “The pride of Israel testifies to his face; yet they do not return to the Lord their God, nor seek him, for all this.” (7:10)

2. CRITERIA: “Ephraim is like a dove, silly and without sense, calling to Egypt, going to Assyria. As they go, I will spread over them my net; I will bring them down like birds of the heavens; I will discipline them according to the report made to their congregation. Woe to them, for they have strayed from me! Destruction to them, for they have rebelled against me! I would redeem them, but they speak lies against me.” (7:11-13)

3. CONDITION: “Woe to them . . .” (7:13)

4. CAUSE: “. . . they have rebelled against me! . . . they have strayed from me!” (7:13)

5. EFFECT: “Destruction to them . . . their princes shall fall by the sword because of the insolence of their tongue.” (7:13, 16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Return to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 8, Israel Will Reap the Whirlwind

I. KEY TEXT: “Set the trumpet to your lips! One like a vulture is over the house of the Lord, because they have transgressed my covenant and rebelled against my law.” (8:1)

A. INFERENCE: “To me they cry, ‘My God, we–Israel–know you.’ Israel has spurned the good; the enemy shall pursue him.” (8:2)

1. FINDINGS: “They made kings, but not through me. They set up princes, but I knew it not. With their silver and gold they made idols for their own destruction. I have spurned your calf, O Samaria. My anger burns against them. How long will they be incapable of innocence?” (8:4-5)

2. CRITERIA: “Were I to write for him my laws by the ten thousands, they would be regarded as a strange thing.” (8:12)

3. CONDITION: “For it is from Israel; a craftsman made it; it is not God. The calf of Samaria shall be broken to pieces.” (8:6)

4. CAUSE: “The anger of the Lord burns against them.” (8:5)

5. EFFECT: “Israel is swallowed up; already they are among the nations as a useless vessel.” (8:8)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Return to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 9, The Lord Will Punish Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “Rejoice not, O Israel! Exult not like the peoples; for you have played the whore, forsaking you God. You have loved a prostitute’s wages on all threshing floors.” (9:1)

A. INFERENCE: “Threshing floor and wine vat shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail them. They shall not remain in the land of the Lord, but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean food in Assyria.” (9:2-3)

1. FINDINGS: “Every evil of theirs is in Gilgal; there I began to hate them. Because of the wickedness of their deeds I will drive them out of my house. I will love them no more; all their princes are rebels.” (9:15)

2. CRITERIA: “My God will reject them because they have not listened to him; they shall be wanderers among the nations.” (9:17)

3. CONDITION “The days of punishment have come; the days of recompense have come; Israel shall know it. The prophet is a fool; the man of the spirit is mad, because of your great iniquity and great hatred. The prophet is the watchman of Ephraim with my God; yet a fowler’s snare is on all his ways, and hatred in the house of his God.” (9:7-8)

4. CAUSE “They have deeply corrupted themselves as in the days of Gibeah: he will remember their iniquity; he will punish their sins.” (9:9)

5. EFFECT: “I will love them no more; all their princes are rebels.” (9-15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord” (14:1)

Hosea 10, Now They Must Bear Their Guilt

I. KEY TEXT: “Their heart is false; now they must bear their guilt.” (10:2)

A. INFERENCE: “The Lord will break down their altars and destroy their pillars.” (10:2)

1. FINDINGS: “From the days of Gibeah, you have sinned, O Israel; there they have continued. Shall not the war against the unjust overtake them in Gibeah?” (10:9)

2. CRITERIA: “When I please, I will discipline them, and nations shall be gathered against them when they are bound up for their double iniquity.” (10:10)

3. CONDITION: “You have plowed iniquity; you have reaped injustice; you have eaten the fruit of lies. Because you have trusted in your own way and in the multitude of your warriors, therefore the tumult of war shall arise among your people, and all your fortresses shall be destroyed, as Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle; mothers were dashed in pieces with their children. Thus it shall be done to you, O Bethel, because of your great evil. At dawn the king of Israel shall be utterly cut off.” (10:13-15)

4. CAUSE: “Sow for yourselves righteousness; reap steadfast love; break up you fallow ground, for it is the time to seek the Lord, that he may come and rain righteousness upon you.” (10:12)

5. EFFECT: “The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed. Thorn and thistle shall grow up on their altars, and they shall say to the mountains, ‘Cover us,’ and to the hills, ‘Fall on us.'” (10:8)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord” (14:1)

Hosea 11, The Lord’s Love for Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.” (11:1)

A. INFERENCE: “The more they were called, the more they went away . . . ” (11:2)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . they kept sacrificing to the Baals and burning offerings to idols.” (11:2)

2. CRITERIA: “I will not execute my burning anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and not a man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath.” (11:9)

3. CONDITION: “Yet it was I who taught Ephraim to walk; I took them up by their arms, but they did not know that I healed them. I led them with cords of kindness, with the bands of love, and I became to them as one who eases the yoke on their jaws, and I bent down to them and fed them.” (11:4)

4. CAUSE: “. . . they refused to return to me.” (11:5)

5. EFFECT: “The sword shall rage against their cities, consume the bars of their gates, and devour them because of their own counsels.” (11:6)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 12, The Lord’s Indictment of Israel and Judah

I. KEY TEXT: “The Lord has an indictment against Judah and will punish Jacob according to his deeds. In the womb he took his brother by the heel, and in his manhood he strove with God. He strove with the angel and prevailed; he wept and sought his favor. He met God at Bethel, and there God spoke with us–the Lord, the God of hosts, the Lord is his memorial name: ‘So you, by the help of your God, return, hold fast to love and justice, and wait continually for your God.'” (12:2-6)

A. INFERENCE: “A merchant, in whose hands are false balances, he loves to oppress.” (12:7)

1. FINDINGS: “Ephraim has said, ‘Ah, but I am rich; I have found wealth for myself; in all my labors they cannot find in me iniquity and sin.'” (12:8)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . hold fast to love and justice, and wait continually for your God.” (12:6)

3. CONDITION: “There is iniquity in Gilead, they shall surely come to nothing: in Gilgal they sacrifice bulls; their altars also are like stone heaps on the furrows of the field.” (12:11)

4. CAUSE: “. . . sacrificing to the Baals and burning offerings to idols.” (11:2)

5. EFFECT: “Ephraim has given bitter provocation; so his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him and will repay him for his disgraceful deeds.” (12:14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 13, The Lord’s Relentless Judgment on Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling; he was exalted in Israel, but he incurred guilt through Baal and died.” (13:1)

A. INFERENCE: “It is said of them, ‘Those who offer human sacrifice kiss calves!’ Therefore they shall be like the morning mist or like the dew that goes early away, like the chaff that swirls from the threshing floor or like smoke from a window.” (13:2-3)

1. FINDINGS: “So I am to them like a lion; like a leopard I will lurk beside the way. I will fall upon them like a bear robbed of her cubs; I will tear open their breast, and there I will devour them like a lion, as a wild beast would rip them open.” (13:7-8)

2. CRITERIA: “He destroys you, O Israel, for you are against me, against your helper.” (13:9)

3. CONDITION: “And now they sin more and more, and make for themselves metal images, idols skillfully made of their silver, all of them the work of craftsmen.” (13:2)

4. CAUSE: “It was I who knew you in the wilderness, in the land of drought; but when they had grazed, they became full, they were filled, and their heart was lifted up; therefore they forgot me.” (13:5-6)

5. EFFECT: “Samaria shall bear her guilt, because she has rebelled against her God; they shall fall by the sword; their little ones shall be dashed in pieces, and their pregnant women ripped open.” (13:16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord.” (14:1)

Hosea 14, A Plea to Return to the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “Return, O Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity. ” (14:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Assyria shall not save us; we will not ride on horses; and we will say no more, ‘Our God,’ to the work of our hands. In you the orphan finds mercy.” (14:3)

1. FINDINGS:Take with you words and return to the Lord; say to him, ‘Take away all iniquity; accept what is good, and we will pay with bulls the vows of our lips.’” (14:2)

2. CRITERIA: “O Ephraim, what have I to do with idols? It is I who answer and look after you. I am like an evergreen cypress; from me comes your fruit. (14:8)

3. CONDITION: “They shall return and dwell beneath my shadow; they shall flourish like the grain; they shall blossom like the vine; their fame shall be like the wine of Lebanon.” (14:7)

4. CAUSE: “Idols.” (14:8)

5. EFFECT: “I will heal their apostasy; I will love them freely, for my anger has turned from them. I will be like the dew to Israel; he shall blossom like the lily; he shall take root like the trees of Lebanon; his shoots shall spread out; his beauty shall be like the olive, and his fragrance like Lebanon.” (14:4-6)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord.” (14:1)

Week #116; Wed, Mar 18: Joel 1–Amos 7

Week #116; Wed, Mar 18: Joel 1:1–Amos 7:17

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Joel 1, An Invasion of Locusts; A Call to Repentance

I. KEY TEXT: “What the cutting locust left, the swarming locust has eaten. What the swarming locust left, the hopping locust has eaten. Awake, you drunkards, and weep, and wail, all you drinkers of wine, because of the sweet wine, for it is cut off from your mouth.” (1:4-5)

A. INFERENCE: “Be ashamed, O tillers of the soil; wail, O vinedressers, for the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field has perished.” (1:11)

1. FINDINGS: “Consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly. Gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land to the house of the Lord your God, and cry out to the Lord.” (1:14)

2. CRITERIA: “Alas, for the day! For the day of the Lord is near, and as destruction from the Almighty it comes.” (1:15)

3. CONDITION: “To you, O Lord, I call. For fire has devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and flame has burned all the trees of the field. Even the beasts of the field pant for you because the water brooks are dried up, and fire has devoured the pastures of the wilderness.” (1:19-20)

4. CAUSE: “Is not the food cut off before your eyes, joy and gladness from the house of our God?” (1:16)

5. EFFECT: A locust plague struck Israel and Joel urged them to repent.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn to the Lord God and repent; return to the Lord

Joel 2, The Day of the Lord; Return to the Lord; The Lord Had Pity; and The Lord Will Pour Out His Spirit

I. KEY TEXT: “Blow a trumpet in Zion; sound an alarm on my holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness! Like blackness there is spread upon the mountains a great and powerful people; their like has never been before, nor will be again after them through the years of all generations.” (2:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Fire devours before them, and behind them a flame burns. The land is like the garden of Eden before them, but behind them a desolate wilderness, and nothing escapes them.” (2:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Then the Lord became jealous for his land and had pity on his people. The Lord answered and said to his people, ‘Behold, I am sending to you grain, wine, and oil, and you will be satisfied; and I will no more make you a reproach among the nations.'” (2:18-19)

2. CRITERIA: “‘Yet even now,’ declares the Lord, ‘return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments.’ Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster.” (2:12-13)

3. CONDITION: “The earth quakes before them; the heavens tremble. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. The Lord utters his voice before his army, for the camp is exceedingly great; he who executes his word is powerful. For the day of the Lord is great and very awesome; who can endure it?” (2:10-11)

4. CAUSE: “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour our my Spirit. And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes. And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the Lord has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the Lord calls.” (2:28-32)

5. EFFECT: “Be glad, O children of Zion, and rejoice in the Lord your God, for he has given the early rain for your vindication; he has poured down for you abundant rain, the early and the latter rain as before.” (2:23)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Blow the trumpet in Zion; consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly; gather the people. Consecrate the congregation; assemble the elders; gather the children, even nursing infants. Let the bridegroom leave his room, and the bride her chamber. Between the vestibule and the altar let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep and say, ‘Spare your people, O Lord, and make not your heritage a reproach, a byword among the nations. Why should they say among the peoples, ‘Where is their God?'” (2:15-17)

Joel 3, The Lord Judges the Nations; The Glorious Future of Judah

I. KEY TEXT: “For behold, in those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all the nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. And I will enter into judgment with them there, on behalf of my people and my heritage Israel, because they have scattered them among the nations and have divided up my land, and have cast lots for my people, and have traded a boy for a prostitute, and have sold a girl for wine and have drunk it.” (3:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “Proclaim this among the nations: Consecrate for war; stir up the mighty men. Let all the men of war draw near; let them come up. Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruning hooks into spears; let the weak say, ‘I am a warrior.'” (3:9-10)

1. FINDINGS: “Hasten and come, all you surrounding nations, and gather yourselves there. Bring down your warriors, O Lord. Let the nations stir themselves up and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.” (3:11-12)

2. CRITERIA: “Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Go in, tread, for the winepress is full. The vats overflow, for their evil is great.” (3:13)

3. CONDITION: “Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision.” (3:14)

4. CAUSE: “Evil.” (3:13)

5. EFFECT: “The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. The Lord roars from Zion, and utters his voice from Jerusalem, and the heavens and the earth quake. But the Lord is a refuge to his people, a stronghold to the people of Israel.” (3:15-16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “So you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who dwells in Zion, my holy mountain. And Jerusalem shall be holy, and strangers shall never again pass through it. An in that day the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the streambeds of Judah shall flow with water; and a fountain shall come forth from the house of the Lord and water the Valley of Shittim. . . . But Judah shall be inhabited forever, and Jerusalem to all generations. I will avenge their blood, blood I have not avenged, for the Lord dwells in Zion.” (3:17-18, 20-21)

Amos 1, Judgment on Israel’s Neighbors

I. KEY TEXT: “The Lord roars from Zion and utters his voice from Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds mourn, and the top of Carmel withers.” (1:2)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have threshed Gilead with threshing sledges of iron. So I will send a fire upon the house of Hazael, and it shall devour the strongholds of Ben-hadad. I will break the gate-bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitants from the Valley of Aven, and him who holds the scepter from Beth-eden; and the people of Syria shall go into exile to Kir,’ says the Lord. Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they carried into exile a whole people to deliver them up to Edom. So I will send a fire upon the wall of Gaza, and it shall devour her strongholds. I will cut off the inhabitants from Ashdod, and him who holds the scepter from Ashkelon; I will turn my hand against Ekron, and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish,’ Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Tyre, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they delivered up a whole people to Edom, and did not remember the covenant of brotherhood. So I will send a fire upon the wall of Tyre, and it shall devour her strongholds.’ Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because he pursued his brother with the sword and cast off all pity, and his anger tore perpetually, and he kept his wrath forever. So I will send a fire upon Temar, and it shall devour the strongholds of Bozrah.’ Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of the Amonites, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have ripped open pregnant women in Gilead, that they might enlarge their border. So I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour her strongholds, with shouting on the day of battle, and a tempest in the day of the whirlwind; and their king shall go into exile, and he and his princes together,’ says the Lord.” (1:3-15)

1. FINDINGS: “The Lord will not revoke punishment on the neighbors of Israel.” (1:3-15)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord will not forget transgressions against his people Israel.” (1:3-15)

3. CONDITION: “The Lord will execute judgment on Israel’s neighbor’s.” (1:3-15)

4. CAUSE: “Harsh destruction by neighbors of Israel upon Israel.” (1:3-15)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will execute harsh judgment on Israel’s neighbors.” (1:3-15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear awaiting judgment on Israel’s neighbors.

Amos 2, Judgment on Judah; and Judgment on Israel

I. KEY TEXT: Pertaining to judgment on Moab: “Thus says the Lord: ‘For three transgressions of Moab, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because he burned to lime the bones of the king of Edom. So I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the strongholds of Kerioth, and Moab shall die amid uproar, amid shouting and the sound of the trumpet; I will cut off the ruler from its midst, and will kill all its princes with him,’ says the Lord.” (2:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: The Lord will not revoke punishment on the neighbors of Israel.” (1:3-15)

1. FINDINGS: “So I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the strongholds of Kerioth, and Moab shall die amid uproar, amid shouting and the sound of the trumpet; I will cut off the ruler from its midst, and will kill all its princes with him,’ says the Lord.” (2:1-3)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord will not forget transgressions against his people Israel.” (1:3-15)

3. CONDITION: “The Lord will execute judgment on Israel’s neighbor’s.” (1:3-15)

4. CAUSE: “The Lord will not forget transgressions against his people Israel.” (1:3-15)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will execute harsh judgment on Israel’s neighbors.” (1:3-15).

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear awaiting judgment on Israel’s neighbors.

II. KEY TEXT: Pertaining to judgment on Judah and Israel: “Thus says the Lord: For three transgressions of Judah and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have rejected the law of the Lord, and have not kept his statutes, but their lies have led them astray, those after which their fathers walked. So I will send a fire upon Judah, and it shall devour the strongholds of Jerusalem.’ Thus says the Lord: For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they sell the righteous for silver, and the needy for a pair of sandals–those who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth and turn aside the way of the afflicted; a man and his father go into the same girl, so that my holy name is profaned; they lay themselves down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge, and in the house of their God they drink the wine of those who have been fined.” (2:6-8)

A. INFERENCE: “Behold, I will press you down in your place as a cart full of sheaves presses down.” (2:3)

1. FINDINGS: “The Lord declares all will perish.” (2:14)

2. CRITERIA: “The Lord will not forget to judge Judah and Israel.” (2:4, 6)

3. CONDITION: “Flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not retain his strength, nor shall the mighty save his life; he who handles the bow shall not stand, and he who is swift of foot shall not save himself, nor shall he who rides the horse save his life; and he who is stout of heart among the mighty shall flee away naked in that day,’ declares the Lord.” (2:14-16)

4. CAUSE: “. . . they have rejected the law of the Lord, and have not kept his statutes” (2:4)

5. EFFECT: “The Lord will execute harsh judgment on Judah and Israel.” (2:4, 6)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear awaiting the Lord’s judgment; turn and return to the Lord.

Amos 3, Israel’s Guilt and Punishment

I. KEY TEXT: “Hear this word that the Lord has spoken against you, O people of Israel, against the whole family that I brought up out of the land of Egypt . . .” (3:1)

A. INFERENCE: “I will punish you for all your iniquities.” (3:2)

1. FINDINGS: “They do not know how to do right, declares the Lord, those who store up violence and robbery in their strongholds.” (3:10)

2. CRITERIA: “Thus says the Lord: ‘As the shepherd rescues from the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear, so shall the people of Israel who dwell in Samaria be rescued, with the corner of a couch and part of a bed.” (3:12)

3. CONDITION: “An adversary shall surround the land and bring down your defenses from you, and your strongholds shall be plundered.” (3:11)

4. CAUSE: “They do not know how to do right, declares the Lord, those who store up violence and robbery in their strongholds.” (3:10)

5. EFFECT: “I will punish you for all your iniquities.” (3:2)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord.

Amos 4, Israel Has Not Returned to the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “The Lord God has sworn by his holiness that, behold, the days are coming upon you, when they shall take you away with hooks, even the last of you with fishhooks.” (4:2-4)

A. INFERENCE: “. . . yet, you did not return to me.” (4:6)

1. FINDINGS: After many encounters, “Israel did not return to the Lord God.” (4:5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11)

2. CRITERIA: “. . . prepare to meet your God, O Israel!” (4:12)

3. CONDITION: “For behold, he who forms the mountains and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, who makes the morning darkness, and treads on the heights of the earth–the Lord, the God of hosts, is his name.” (4:13)

4. CAUSE: “. . . oppress the poor, who crush the needy, . . .” (4:1)

5. EFFECT: “The days are coming upon you, . . .” (4:2)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “. . . bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days; offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving of that which is leavened and proclaim freewill offerings, publish them; for so you love to do, O people of Israel!” (4:4-5)

Amos 5, Seek the Lord and Live

I. KEY TEXT: “Hear this word that I take up over you in lamentation, O house of  Israel: ‘Fallen, no more to rise, is the virgin Israel; forsaken on her land, with none to raise her up.'” (5:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “The city that went out a thousand shall have a hundred left, and that which went out a hundred shall have ten left to the house of Israel.” (5:3)

1. FINDINGS: “They hate him who reproves in the gate, and they abhor him who speaks the truth. Therefore because you trample on the poor and you exact taxes of grain from him, you have built houses of hewn stone; but you shall not dwell in them; you have planted pleasant vineyards, but you shall not drink their wine.” (5:14)

2. CRITERIA: “For thus says the Lord to the house of Israel: ‘Seek me and live; but do not seek Bethel, and do not enter into Gilgal or cross over to Beersheba; for Gilgal shall surely go into exile, and Bethel shall come to nothing.” (5:5)

3. CONDITION: “For I know how many are your transgressions and how great are your sins–you who afflict the righteous, who take a bribe, and turn aside the needy in the gate.” (5:19-20)

4. CAUSE: “‘Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel? You shall take up Sikkuth your king, and Kiyyun your star-god–your images that you made for yourselves, and I will send you into exile beyond Damascus,’ says the Lord, whose name is the God of hosts.” (5:16)

5. EFFECT: “He who made the Pleiades and Orion, and turns deep darkness into the morning and darkens the day into night, who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out on the surface of the earth, the Lord is his name; who makes destruction flash forth against the strong, so that destruction comes upon the fortress.” (5:8-9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Seek good, and not evil, that you may live; and so the Lord, the God of hosts, will be with you, as you have said. Hate evil, and love good, and establish justice in the gate; it may be that the Lord, the God of hosts, will be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.” (5:14-15)

Amos 6, Woe to Those at Ease in Zion

I. KEY TEXT: “Woe to those who are at ease in Zion, and to those who feel secure on the mountain of Samaria, the notable men of the first of the nations, to whom the house of Israel comes!” (6:1)

A. INFERENCE: “O you who put far away the day of disaster and bring near the seat of violence?” (6:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Therefore they shall now be the first of those who go into exile, and the revelry of those who stretch themselves out shall pass away.” (6:7)

2. CRITERIA: “I abhor the pride of Jacob and hate his strongholds, and I will deliver up the city and all that is in it.” (6:8)

3. CONDITION: “And if ten men remain in one house, they shall die.” (6:9)

4. CAUSE: “‘For behold, I will raise up against you a nation, O house of Israel,’ declares the Lord, the God of hosts; and they shall oppress you from Lebohamath to the Brook of the Arabah.” (6:14)

5. EFFECT: “For behold, the Lord commands, and the great house shall be struck down into fragments, and the little house into bits.” (6:11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord God, the God of hosts.

Amos 7, Warning Visions; Amos Accused

I. KEY TEXT: “This is what he showed me: behold, the Lord was standing beside a wall built with a plumb line, with a plumb line in his hand. And the Lord said to me, ‘Amos, what do you see?’ And I said, ‘A plumb line.’ Then the Lord said, ‘Behold, I am setting a plumb line in the midst of my people Israel; I will never again pass by them; the high places of Isaac shall be made desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste, and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.” (7:7-9)

A. INFERENCE: “Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, ‘Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land is not able to bear all his words. For thus Amos has said, Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel must go into exile away from his land.'” (7:10-11)

1. FINDINGS: “And Amaziah said to Amos, ‘O seer, go, flee away to the land of Judah, and eat bread there, and prophesy there, but never again prophesy at Bethel, for it is the king’s sanctuary, and it is a temple of the kingdom.” (7:12)

2. CRITERIA: “Then Amos answered and said to Amaziah, ‘I was no prophet, nor a prophet’s son, but I was a herdsman and a dresser of sycamore figs. But the Lord took me from following the flock, and the Lord said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel.'” (7:15)

3. CONDITION: “Now therefore hear the word of the Lord. ‘You say, ‘Do not prophesy against Israel, and do not preach against the house of Isaac.'” (7:16)

4. CAUSE: “The end has come upon my people Israel; I will never again pass by them.” (8:2)

5. EFFECT: “Therefore thus says the Lord: ‘Your wife shall be a prostitute in the city, and your sons and your daughters shall fall by the sword, and your land shall be divided up with a measuring line; you yourself shall die in an unclean land, and Israel shall surely go into exile away from its land.'” (7:17)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord God, the God of hosts.

Week #117; Wed, Mar 25: Amos 8–Obadiah–Jonah–Micha 6

Week #117; Wed, Mar 25: Amos 8:1–Obadiah–Jonah–Micha 6:16

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Amos 8, The Coming Day of Bitter Mourning

I. KEY TEXT: “This is what the Lord showed me: behold, a basket of summer fruit. And he said, ‘Amos, what do you see?’ And I said, ‘A basket of summer fruit.’ Then the Lord said to me, ‘The end has come upon my people Israel; I will never again pass by them. The songs of the temple shall become wailings in that day,’ declares the Lord God. ‘So many dead bodies!’ ‘They are thrown everywhere!’ ‘Silence!'” (8:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “Hear this, you who trample on the needy and bring the poor of the land to an end, saying, ‘When will the new moon be over, that we may sell grain? And the Sabbath, that we may offer wheat for sale, that we may make the ephah small and the shekel great and deal deceitfully with false balances, that we may buy the poor for silver and the needy for a pair of sandals and sell the chaff of the wheat?'” (8:4-6)

1. FINDINGS: “The Lord has sworn by the pride of Jacob: ‘Surely I will never forget any of their deeds. Shall not the land tremble on this account, and everyone mourn who dwells in it, and all of it rise like the Nile, and be tossed about and sink again, like the Nile of Egypt?'” (8:7-8)

2. CRITERIA: “‘And on that day,’ declares the Lord God, ‘I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight. I will turn your feasts into mourning and all your songs into lamentations; I will bring sackcloth on every waist and baldness on every head; I will make it like the mourning for an only son and the end of it like a bitter day.” (8:9-10)

3. CONDITION: “‘Behold, the days are coming,’ declares the Lord God, ‘when I will send a famine on the land–not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord.'” (8:11)

4. CAUSE: “Deceit.” (8:5)

5. EFFECT: “They shall wander from sea to sea, and from north to east; they shall run to and fro, to seek the word of the Lord, but they shall not find it. ‘In that day the lovely virgins and the young men shall faint for thirst. Those who swear by the Guilt of Samaria, and say, ‘As your god lives, O Dan,’ and, ‘As the Way of Beersheba lives,’ they shall fail, and never rise again.'” (8:12-14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Hope for relief and restoration by the Lord God.” (9:14)

Amos 9, The Destruction of Israel; The Restoration of Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “I saw the Lord standing beside the altar, and he said: ‘Strike the capitals until the thresholds shake, and shatter them on the heads of all the people; and those who are left of them I will kill with the sword; not one of them shall flee away; not one of them shall escape.” (9:1)

A. INFERENCE: “If they dig into Sheol, from there shall my hand take them; if they climb up to heaven, from there I will bring them down. If they hide themselves on the top of Carmel, from there I will search them out and take them; and if they hide from my sight at the bottom of the sea, there I will command the serpent, and it shall bite them. And if they go into captivity before their enemies, there I will command the sword, and it shall kill them; and I will fix my eyes upon them for evil and not for good.” (9:2-4)

1. FINDINGS: “Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from the surface of the ground, except that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob,’ declares the Lord. ‘For behold, I will command, and shake the house of Israel among all the nations as one shakes with a sieve, but no pebble shall fall to the earth. All the sinners of my people shall die by the sword, who say, ‘Disaster shall not overtake or meet us.'” (9:8-10)

2. CRITERIA: “Did I not bring up Israel from the land of Egypt, and the Philistines from Caphtor and the Syrians from Kir? (9:7)

3. CONDITION: “All the sinners of my people shall die by the sword, who say, ‘Disaster shall not overtake or meet us.'” (9:10)

4. CAUSE: Sinful kingdom and a false sense of security. (9:8, 10)

5. EFFECT: “Pending destruction (except for Jacob).” (9:8)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Hope for relief and restoration by the Lord God.” (9:14)

B. INFERENCE: “In that day I will raise up the booth of David that is fallen and repair its breaches, and raise up its ruins and rebuild it as in the days of old, that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations who are called by my name, declares the Lord who does this.” (9:11-12)

1. FINDINGS: “Behold, the days are coming,’ declares the Lord, ‘when the plowman shall overtake the reaper and the treador of grapes him who sows the seed; the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and all the hills shall flow with it.” (9:13)

2. CRITERIA: “I will restore the fortunes of my people Israel, and they shall rebuild the ruined cities and inhabit them; they shall plant vineyards and drink their wine, and they shall make gardens and eat their fruit.” (9:14-15)

3. CONDITION: “. . . they shall rebuild the ruined cities and inhabit them . . .” (9:14)

4. CAUSE: “Sinful kingdom.” (9:8)

5. EFFECT: “I will restore the fortunes of my people Israel . . .” (9:14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Hope for relief and restoration by the Lord God.” (9:14)

Obadiah 1, Edom Will Be Humbled; Edom’s Violence Against Jacob; The Day of the Lord Is Near; The Kingdom of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “Thus says the Lord God concerning Edom: We have heard a report from the Lord, and a messenger has been sent among the nations: ‘Rise up! Let us rise against her for battle! Behold, I will make you small among the nations; you shall be utterly despised.” (1:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Though you soar aloft like the eagle, though your nest is set among the stars, from there I will bring you down, declares the Lord.” (1:4)

1. FINDINGS: “Will I not on that day, declares the Lord, destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of Mount Esau? And your mighty men shall be dismayed, O Teman, so that every man from Mount Esau will be cut off by slaughter.” (1:8-9)

2. CRITERIA: “For the day of the Lord is near upon all the nations. As you have done, it shall be done to you; your deeds shall return on your own head. For as you have drunk on my holy mountain, so all the nations shall drink continually; they shall drink and swallow, and shall be as though they had never been.” (1:15-16)

3. CONDITION: “Because of the violence done to your brother Jacob, shame shall cover you, and you shall be cut off forever.” (1:10)

4. CAUSE: “The pride of your heart has deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rock, in your lofty dwelling, who say in your heart, ‘Who will bring me down to the ground?'” (1:3)

5. EFFECT: “But in Mount Zion there shall be those who escape, and it shall be holy, and the house of Jacob shall possess their own possessions. The house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau, stubble; they shall burn them and consume them, and there shall be no survivor for the house of Esau for the Lord has spoken.” (1:17-18)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Those of the Negev shall possess Mount Esau, and those of the Shephelah shall possess the land of the Philistines; they shall possess the land of Ephraim and land of Samaria, and Benjamin shall possess Gilead. The exiles of this host of the people of Israel shall possess the land of the Canaanites as far as Zarephath, and the exiles of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad shall possess the cities of the Negev. Saviors shall go up to Mount Zion to rule Mount Esau, and the kingdom shall be the Lord’s.” (1:19-21)

Jonah 1, Jonah Flees the Presence of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “Now the word of the Lord came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, ‘Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it, for their evil has come up before me.’ But Jonah rose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the Lord. He went down to Joppa and found a ship going to Tarshish. So he paid the fare and went on board, to go with them to Tarshish, away for the presence of the Lord.” (1:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “But the Lord hurled a great wind upon the sea, and there was a mighty tempest on the sea, so that the ship threatened to break up.” (1:4)

1. FINDINGS: “And they said to one another, ‘Come, let us cast lots, that we may know on whose account this evil has come upon us.’ So they cast lots, and the lot fell on Jonah.” (1:7)

2. CRITERIA: “Then they said to him, ‘Tell us on whose account this evil has come upon us. What is your occupation? And where do you come from? What is your country? and of what people are you?” (1:8)

3. CONDITION: “Then the mariners were afraid, and each cried out to his god. And they hurled the cargo that was in the ship into the sea to lighten it for them.” (1:5)

4. CAUSE: “The evil of Nineveh.” (1:2)

5. EFFECT: “For the men knew that he was fleeing from the presence of the Lord, because he had told them.” (1:9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Then they said to him, ‘What shall we do to you, that the sea may quiet down for us?’ For the sea grew more and more tempestuous. He said to them, ‘Pick me up and hurl me into the sea; then the sea will quiet down for you, for I know it is because of me that this great tempest has come upon you.’ So they picked up Jonah and hurled him into the sea, and the sea ceased from its raging. And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.” (1:11-12, 15, 17)

Jonah 2, Jonah’s Prayer

I. KEY TEXT: “Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish, saying, ‘I called out to the Lord, out of my distress, and he answered me; out of the belly of sheol I cried, and you heard my voice. For you cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the flood surrounded me; all your waves and your billows passed over me. Then I said, I am driven away from your sight; yet I shall again look upon your holy temple.’ The waters closed in over me to take my life; the deep surrounded me; weeds were wrapped about my head at the roots of the mountains. I went down to the land whose bars closed upon me forever; yet you brought up my life from the pit, O Lord my God. When my life was fainting away, I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came to you, into your holy temple. Those who pay regard to vain idols forsake their hope a of steadfast love. But I with the voice of thanksgiving will sacrifice to you; what I have vowed I will pay. Salvation belongs to the Lord!” (2:1-9)”

A. INFERENCE: “And the Lord spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah out upon the dry land.” (2:10)

1. FINDINGS: Jonah still had a long distance to go before reaching Ninevah which is inland by a significant distance. (2:10)

2. CRITERIA: “Salvation belongs to the Lord.” (2:9)

3. CONDITION: “The Lord still has an unfulfilled mission for Jonah.” (2:10)

4. CAUSE: “Jonah failed to follow the Lord God’s instructions.” (1:2)

5. EFFECT: Jonah wasted time and brought danger to innocent seaman. (1:10-12) [When the Lord wants you, He is going to get you. Resistance won’t work!]

6. RECOMMENDATION: Jonah must keep going toward Nineveh. (2:10)

Jonah 3, Jonah Goes to Nineveh

I. KEY TEXT: “Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah the second time, saying, ‘Arise, go to Nineveh, the great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you.'” (3:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, three days’ journey in breadth.” (3:3)

1. FINDINGS: “Jonah began to go into the city, going a day’s journey. And he called out, ‘Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown! And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them.” (3:4-5)

2. CRITERIA: “No vain idols, evil, and violence.” (2:8, 3:8)

3. CONDITION: Apparently, vain idols were widespread in Nineveh and an abhorrence to the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: “Vain idols.” (2:8)

5. EFFECT: “The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, ‘By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Let them not feed or drink water, but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightyly to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish.” (3:6-9)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “The Ninevites turned away from their evil way, and God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them, and he did not do it.” (3:10)

Jonah 4, Jonah’s Anger and the Lord’s Compassion

I. KEY TEXT: “But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was angry. And he prayed to the Lord and said, ‘O Lord, is not this what I said when I was yet in my country?” (4:1)

A. INFERENCE: “That is why I made haste to flee to Tarshish; for I knew that you are a gracious God and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and relenting from disaster. Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live.'” (4:2-3)

1. FINDINGS: “And the Lord said, ‘Do you do well to be angry?'” (4:4)

2. CRITERIA: “And the Lord said, . . . And should not I pity Nineveh, that great city, in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know their right hand from their left, and also much cattle.” (4:10-11)

3. CONDITION: “Jonah went out of the city and sat to the east of the city and made a booth for himself there. He sat under it in the shade, till he should see what would become of the city. Now the Lord God appointed a plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to save him from his discomfort. So Jonah was exceedingly glad because of the plant. But when dawn came up the next day, God appointed a worm that attacked the plant, so that it withered. When the sun rose, God appointed a scorching east wind, and the sun beat down on the head of Jonah so that he was faint. And he asked that he might die and said, It is better for me to die than to live.” (4:5-8)

4. CAUSE: “But God said to Jonah, ‘Do you do well to be angry for the plant?’ And he said, ‘Yes, I do well to be angry, angry enough to die.’ ” (4:9)

5. EFFECT: “But God said to Jonah, ‘Do you do well to be angry for the plant?’ And he said, ‘Yes, I do well to be angry, angry enough to die.’ And the Lord said, ‘You pity the plant, for which you did not labor, nor did you make it grow, which came into being in a night and perished in a night. And should not I pity Nineveh, that great city, in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know their right hand from their left, and also much cattle.'” (4:9-11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Jonah should trust in the Lord and follow him while accepting the plight of the residents of Nineveh and their turning to the Lord God.”

Micha 1, The Coming Destruction

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord that came to Micha of Moresheth in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. Hear, you peoples, all of you; pay attention, O earth, and all that is in it, and let the Lord God be a witness agaiast you, the Lord from his holy temple. For behold, the Lord is coming out of his place, and will come down and tread upon the high places of the earth. And the mountains will melt under him, and the valleys will split open, like wax before the fire, like waters poured down a steep place.” (1:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: “All this is for the transgression of Jacob and for the sins of the house of Israel.” (1:5)

1. FINDINGS: “Is it not Samaria? And what is the high place of Judah? Is it not Jerusalem? Therefore I will make Samaria a heap in the open country, a place for planting vineyards, and I will pour down her stones into the valley and uncover her foundations. All her carved images shall be beaten to pieces, all her wages shall be burned with fire, and all her idols I will lay waste, for from the fee of a prostitute she gathered them, and to the fee of a prostitute they shall return.” (1:5-7)

2. CRITERIA: “No idols, carved images.” (Exodus 20)

3. CONDITION: “For this I will lament and wail; I will go stripped and naked; I will make lamentation like the jackals, and mourning like the ostriches. For her wound is incurable, and it has come to Judah; it has reached to the gate of my people, to Jerusalem.” (1:8-9)

4. CAUSE: “. . . disaster has come down from the Lord to the gate of Jerusalem.” (1:12)

5. EFFECT: “. . . for they shall go from you into exile.” (1:16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Wait for the God of Salvation.” (Micha 7)

Micha 2, Woe to the Oppressors

I. KEY TEXT:Woe to those who devise wickedness and work evil on their beds! When the morning dawns, they perform it, because it is in the power of their hand. They covet fields and seize them, and houses, and take them away; they oppress a man and his house, a man and his inheritance.” (2:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore thus says the Lord: behold, against this family I am devising disaster, from which you cannot remove your necks, and you shall not walk haughtily, for it will be a time of disaster.” (2:3)

1. FINDINGS: “In that day they shall take up a taunt song against you and moan bitterly, and say, ‘We are utterly ruined; he changes the portion of my people; how he removes it from me! To an apostate he allots our fields.'” (2:4)

2. CRITERIA: “‘Do not preach’–thus they preach–one should not preach such things; disgrace will not overtake us. Should this be said, O house of Jacob? Has the Lord grown impatient? Are these his deeds? do not my words do good to him who walks uprightly?” (2:7)

3. CONDITION: “But lately my people have risen up as an enemy; you strip the rich robe from those who pass by trustingly with no thought of war. The women of my people you drive out from their delightful houses; from their young children you take away my splendor forever.” (2:8-9)

4. CAUSE: “Arise and go, for this is no place to rest, because of uncleanness that destroys with a grievous destruction.” (2:10)

5. EFFECT: “If a man should go about and utter wind and lies, saying, ‘I will preach to you of wine and strong drink,’ he would be the preacher for this people!” (2:11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “I will surely assemble all of you, O Jacob; I will gather the remnant of Israel; I will set them together like sheep in a fold, like a flock in its pasture, a noisy multitude of men. He who opens the breach goes up before them; they break through and pass the gate, goin out by it. Their king passes on before them, the Lord at their head.” (2:12-13)

Micha 3, Rulers and Prophets Denounced

I. KEY TEXT: “And I said: Hear, you heads of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel! Is it not for you to know justice:–you who hate the good and love the evil, who tear the skin from off my people and their flesh from off their bones, who eat the flesh of my people, and flay their skin from off them, and break their bones in pieces and chop them up like meat in a pot, like flesh in a cauldron.” (3:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “Then they will cry to the Lord, but he will not answer them; he will hide his face from them at that time, because they have made their deeds evil.” (3:4)

1. FINDINGS: “Therefore it shall be night to you, without vision, and darkness to you, without divination. The sun shall go down on the prophets, and the day shall be black over them; the seers shall be disgraced, and the diviners put to shame; they shall all cover their lips, for there is no answer from God.” (3:6-7)

2. CRITERIA: “But as for me, I am filled with power, with the Spirit of the Lord, and with justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin.” (3:8)

3. CONDITION: “Hear this, you heads of the house of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel, who detest justice and make crooked all that is straight, who build Zion with blood and Jerusalem with iniquity.” (3:9-10)

4. CAUSE: “Its heads give judgment for a bribe; its priests teach for a price; its prophets practice divination for money; yet they lean on the Lord and say, ‘Is not the Lord in the midst of us?’ No disaster shall come upon us.” (3:11)

5. EFFECT: “Therefore because of you Zion shall be plowed as a field; Jerusalem shall become a heap of ruins, and the mountain of the house a wooded height.” (3:12)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Turn to the Lord God and do all of his ways.”

Micha 4, The Mountain of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established as the highest of the mountains and it shall be lifted up above the hills; and peoples shall flow to it, and many nations shall come, and say; ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.'” (4:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. He shall judge between many peoples, and shall decide for strong nations far away; and they shall beat their swords into plow shears, and their spears into pruning hooks; nations shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore; but they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree, and no one shall make them afraid, for the mouth of the Lord of hosts has spoken. For all the peoples walk each in the name of its god, but we will walk in the name of the Lord our God forever and ever.” (4:2-5)

1. FINDINGS: “In that day, declares the Lord, I will assemble the lame and gather those who have been driven away and those whom I have afflicted; and the lame I will make the remnant, and those who were cast off, a strong nation; and the Lord will reign over them in Mount Zion from this time forth and forevermore.” (4:6-7)

2. CRITERIA: “And you, O tower of the flock, hill of the daughter of Zion, to you shall it come, the former dominion shall come, the former dominion shall come, kingship for the daughter of Jerusalem.” (4:8)

3. CONDITION: “Now why do you cry aloud? Is there no king in you? Has your counselor perished, that pain seized you like a woman in labor? Writhe and groan, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in labor, for now you shall go out from the city and dwell in the open country; you shall go to Babylon. There you shall be rescued; there the Lord will redeem you from the hand of your enemies.” (4:9-10)

4. CAUSE: “Now many nations are assembled against you, saying, ‘Let her be defiled, and let our eyes gaze upon Zion.'” (4:11)

5. EFFECT: “But they do not know the thoughts of the Lord; they do not understand his plan, that he has gathered them as sheaves to the threshing floor.” (4:12)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion, for I will make your horn iron, and I will make your hoofs bronze; you shall beat in pieces many peoples; and shall devote their gain to the Lord, their wealth to the Lord of the whole earth.” (4:13)

Micha 5, The Ruler to Be Born in Bethlehem

I. KEY TEXT: “Now muster your troops, O daughter of troops; siege is laid against us; with a rod they strike the judge of Israel on the cheek. But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old from ancient days.” (5:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore he shall give them up until the time when she who is in labor has given birth; then the rest of his brothers shall return to the people of Israel.” (5:3)

1. FINDINGS: “And he shall stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of he Lord his God. And they shall dwell secure, for now he shall be great to the ends of the earth. And he shall be their peace.” (5:4-5) [Jesus can be seen here]

2. CRITERIA: “No other gods . . .” (Exodus 20)

3. CONDITION: “When the Assyrian comes into our land and treads in our palaces, then we will rise against him seven shepherds and eight princes of men; they shall shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod at its entrances; and he shall deliver us from the Assyrian when he comes into our land and treads within our border.” (5:6)

4. CAUSE: “. . . tellers of fortunes; carved images, pillars, work of your hands; and Asherah images . . .” (5:12-14)

5. EFFECT: “And in anger and wrath I will execute vengeance on the nations that did not obey.” (5:15)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Wait for the God of Salvation.” (Micha 7)

Micha 6, The Indictment of the Lord

I. KEY TEXT: “Hear what the Lord says: Arise, plead your case before the mountains, and let the hills hear your voice. Hear, you mountains, the indictment of the Lord, and your enduring foundations of the earth, for the Lord has an indictment against his people, and he will contend with Israel.” (6:12)

A. INFERENCE: “O my people, what have I done to you? How have I wearied you? Answer me! For I brought you up from the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of slavery, and I sent before you Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.” (6:3-4)

1. FINDINGS: “He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?” (6:8)

2. CRITERIA: “The voice of the Lord cries to the city–and it is sound wisdom to fear your name: ‘Hear of the rod and of him who appointed it! Can I forget any longer the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is accursed?” (6:9-10)

3. CONDITION: “Can I forget any longer the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is accursed? Shall I acquit the man with wicked scales and with a bag of deceitful weights? Your rich men are full of violence; your inhabitants speak lies, and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth. There I strike you with a grievous blow, making you desolate because of your sins.” (6:13)

4. CAUSE: “. . . sins.” (6:13)

5. EFFECT: “You shall sow, but not reap; you shall tread olives, but not anoint yourselves with oil; you shall tread grapes, but not drink wine. For you have kept the statues of Omri, and all the works of the house of Ahab; and you have walked in their counsels, that I may make you a desolation, and your inhabitants a hissing; so you shall bear the scorn of my people.” (6:14-16)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Wait for the God of Salvation.” (Micha 1:7)