Week #113 Wed, Feb 26: Daniel 6:1–11:45
Daniel 6, Daniel and the Lion’s Den
I. KEY TEXT: “It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom 120 satraps (or princes), to be throughout the whole kingdom; and over them three presidents, of whom Daniel was one, to whom these satraps should give account, so that the king might suffer no loss. Then this Daniel became distinguished above all the other presidents and satraps, because an excellent spirit was in him. And the king planned to set him over the whole kingdom. Then the presidents and the satraps sought to find a ground for complaint or any fault, because he was faithful, and no error or fault was found in him. Then these men said, ‘We shall not find any ground for complaint against this Daniel unless we find it in connection with the law of his God.'” (6:1-3)
A. INFERENCE:”Then the presidents and the satraps (princes) sought to find a ground for complaint or any fault, because he was faithful, and no error or fault was found in him. Then these men said, ‘We shall not find any ground for complaint against this Daniel unless we find it in connection with the law of his God.'” (6:4)
1. FINDINGS: Of three princes assigned by Darius to rule over the kingdom, Daniel was about to be nominated to rule over the entire kingdom because of the excellent spirit in him. (6:3)
2. CRITERIA: At the request of the other presidents, King Darius signed an ordinance requiring that whoever makes a petition to any god or man for thirty days other than the king shall be cast into the den of lions. These men knew that Daniel was praying giving thanks before his God, as he had done previously.
3. CONDITION: The other presidents knew they could not advance in stature with Daniel in the way; they planned a way to get rid of him.
4. CAUSE: The other presidents were jealous of Daniel and they designed a scheme against him using the king to bring about his downfall at the jaws of the hungry lions in the den. A stone was rolled over the hole of the lion’s den.
5. EFFECT: A day later Daniel was taken out to the lion’s den when the king learned that Daniel was still in the lion’s den and unharmed. Then Daniel’s accusers and their entire families were thrown into the lion’s den. They were eaten by the same lions before they even hit the bottom of the lion’s den.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “King Darius wrote to all the peoples, nations, and languages that dwell in all the earth: ‘Peace be multiplied to you. I make a decree, that in all my royal dominion people are to tremble and fear before the God of Daniel, for he is the living God, enduring forever; his kingdom shall never be destroyed, and his dominion shall be to the end. He delivers and rescues; he works signs and wonders in heaven and on earth, he who has saved Daniel from the power of the lions.'” (6:25-27) Daniel should continue to be loyal to the Lord God of Israel.
Daniel 7, Daniel’s Vision of the Four Beasts
I. KEY TEXT: “In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon, Daniel saw a dream and visions of his head as he lay in his bed. Then he wrote down the dream and told the sum of the matter. Daniel declared, ‘I saw in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were stirring up the great sea. And four great beasts came up out of the sea, different from one another. The first was like a lion and had eagles’ wings. Then as I looked its wings were plucked off, and it was lifted up from the ground and made to stand on two feet like a man, and the mind of a man was given to it. And behold, another beast, a second one, like a bear. It was raised up on one side. It had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and it was told, ‘Arise, devour much flesh.’ After this I looked, and behold another, like a leopard, with four wings of a bird on its back. And the beast had four heads, and dominion was given to it. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, terrifying and dreadful and exceedingly strong. It had great iron teeth; it devoured and broke in pieces and stamped what was left with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and behold, there came up among them another horn, a little one [possibly the Antichrist], before which three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots. And behold, in his horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things.” (7:1-8)
A. INFERENCE: “As I looked, thrones were placed, and the Ancient of Days [the Son of Man corresponding to Revelation 12:7-9; titles could be interchangeable . . .] took his seat; his clothing was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames; its wheels were burning fire. A stream of fire issued and came out from before him; a thousand thousands served him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; the court sat in judgment and the books were opened. ‘I looked then because of the sound of the great words that the horn was speaking. And as I looked, the beast was killed, and its body destroyed and given over to be burned with fire. As for the rest of the beasts, their dominion was taken away, but their lives were prolonged for a season and a time. ‘I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him. And to him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed.'” (7:9-14)
1. FINDINGS: “These four great beasts are four kings who shall arise out of the earth. But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom and possess the kingdom forever, forever and ever.” (7:17-18)
2. CRITERIA: The fourth beast “made war with the saints and prevailed over them, until the Ancient of Days came, and the judgment was given for the saints of the Most High, and the time came when the saints possessed the kingdom. (7:21-22)
3. CONDITION: Regarding the beast with ten horns of the fourth kingdom: “He shall speak words against the Most High and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, . . . But the court shall sit in judgment, and his dominion shall be taken away, to be consumed and destroyed to the end.” (7:-25-26) [note the reference to “a time, times, and half a time” indicating a split of time as in 3 1/2 and 3 1/2 of 7; it is also indicated at 12:7 and likely pertain to the tribulation . . .]
4. CAUSE: “And the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; their kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them.
5. EFFECT: “And the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; their kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them.” (7:27)
6. RECOMMENDATION: Do as Daniel, “Keep the matter in my heart.” (7:28) It appears that Daniel’s visions and John’s visions pertain to each other, particularly dealing the four beasts. Therefore, since John’s visions have not materialized, a recommendation is not clear–nothing to do but keep the matter in our heart and just wait.
Daniel 8, Daniel’s Vision of the Ram and the Goat
I. KEY TEXT: “And I saw in the vision; and when I saw, I was in Susa the capital, which is in the province of Elam. And I saw in the vision, and I was at the Ulai canal. I raised my eyes and saw, and behold, a ram standing on the bank of the canal. It had two horns, and both horns were high, but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last. I saw the ram charging westward and northward and southward. No beast could stand before him, and there was no one who could rescue from his power. He did as he pleased and became great. As I was considering, behold, a male goat came from the west across the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground. And the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes. He came to the ram with the two horns, which I had seen standing on the bank of the canal, and he ran at him in his powerful wrath. I saw him come close to the ram, and he was enraged against him and struck the ram and broke his two horns. And the ram had no power to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground and trampled on him. And there was no one who could rescue the ram from his power. Then the goat became exceedingly great, but when he was strong, the great horn was broken, and instead of it there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven.” (8:2-8)
A. INFERENCE: “When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it. And behold, there stood before me one having the appearance of a man. And I heard a man’s voice between the banks of the Ulai, and it called, ‘Gabriel, make this man understand the vision.’ So he came near where I stood. And when he came, I was frightened and fell on my face. But he said to me, ‘Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end.'” (8:15-17)
1. FINDINGS: Daniel’s vision extended from his present position through John’s vision in the Revelation. The beasts can be compared to each other in recognizing the similarities of the visions of Daniel and John.
2. CRITERIA: The role of the four beasts will unfold as of the time of Daniel to the time of John’s visions in the Revelation, even now. The actions of the four beasts are worth observing and understanding so as to recognize them when they are revealed. See: “Blog Page 7, paragraph I.G.” for an overview of the events of Daniel in the reference by Clarence Larkin.
3. CONDITION: “As for the ram that you saw with the two horns, these are the kings of Media and Persia. And the goat is the king of Greece. And the great horn between his eyes is the first king. As for the horn that was broken, in place of which four others arose, four kingdoms shall arise from his nation, but not with his power. And at the latter end of their kingdom, when the transgressors have reached their limit, a king of bold face, one who understands riddles, shall arise. His power shall be great–but not of his own power; and he shall cause fearful destruction and shall succeed in what he does, and destroy mighty men and the people who are the saints. By his cunning he shall make deceit prosper under his hand, and in his own mind he shall become great. Without warning he shall destroy many. And he shall even rise up against the Prince of princes, and he shall be broken–but by no human hand.” (8:20-26)
4. CAUSE: A “little horn” that grew exceedingly great and threw truth to the ground will act and prosper. (8:9-10)
5. EFFECT: “And I, Daniel, was overcome and lay sick for some days. Then I rose and went about the king’s business, but I was appalled by the vision and did not understand it.” (8:27)
6. RECOMMENDATION: It appears that there is a connection between Daniel’s visions and those of John. Since John’s visions have yet to be revealed, we can study them for greater understanding, but we must wait with hope the church will be “swept up” first.
Daniel 9, Daniel’s Prayer for His People
I. KEY TEXT: “In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a Mede, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans–in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely seventy years.” (9:1-2)
A. INFERENCE: “Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. I prayed to the Lord my God and made confession, saying, ‘O lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. To you, O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame, as at this day, to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, those who are near and those who are far away, in all the lands to which you have driven them, because of the treachery that they have committed against you. To us, O Lord, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God by walking in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. All Israel has transgressed your law and turned aside, refusing to obey your voice. And the curse and oath that are written in the Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out upon us, because we have sinned against him. He has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us and against our rulers who ruled us, by bringing upon us a great calamity. For under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem. As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this calamity has come upon us; yet we have not entreated the favor of the Lord our God, turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth. Therefore the Lord has kept ready the calamity and has brought it upon us, for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works that he has done, and we have not obeyed his voice.” (9:3-14)
1. FINDINGS: “To us, O Lord, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you.” (9:8)
2. CRITERIA: Gabriel provided understanding of the word. “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince (Jesus), there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.” (9:24-27)
3. CONDITION: “While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for the holy hill of my God, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice. He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, ‘O Daniel, I have now come out to give you insight and understanding. At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, and I have come to tell it to you, for your are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word and understand the vision.'” (9:20-23)
4. CAUSE: In Daniel’s prayer, he confesses that, “we (all of Israel) have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to you servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.” (9:5-6)
5. EFFECT: Await restoration at the end of seventy weeks of desolation. Turn to the Lord God for confession and mercy.
6. RECOMMENDATION: Rely on the importance of the vision of the “Seventy Weeks” which covers the period when the Jews are dwelling in their own land (not the present period of their “Dispersion,” when they return to the their own land (which covers the time from the “going forth to restore and rebuild Jerusalem” until the “Second Coming of Christ).” See: Blog Page 7, paragraph I.G. for in depth comments in the reference by C. Larkin. There you will find that Larkin holds out that “If a Jew desires to be saved by the Blood of Christ he must renounce his nationality and become a member of the ‘Body of Christ’ (the Church), in which there is neither Jew nor Gentile (Gal. 3:26-28, Col. 3:10-11). But when the ‘Body of Christ’ is complete, and ‘caught out,’ then the Jews, not as individuals but as a Nation, shall be upon Him Whom they pierced (Rev. 1:7), at His Second Coming (Rev. 1:7), and a ‘nation,’ the Jewish Nation, shall be born (converted) in a day (Isa. 66:8). ‘In ‘That Day’ (the Day of the Lord) there shall be a ‘Fountain’ opened to the ‘House of David’ (Israel) and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and uncleanness (Zech. 13:1). There is no more important revelation, in many ways, made in Scriptures; it ties Old Testament and New Testament in a direct manner with truth (i.e., Daniel and Revelation ).
Daniel 10, Daniel’s Terrifying Vision of a Man
I. KEY TEXT: “I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, a man clothed in linen, with a belt of fine gold from Uphaz around his waist. His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and the sound of his words like a sound of a multitude (Jesus can be seen here). And I, Daniel, alone saw the vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them, and they fled to hide themselves. So I was left alone and saw this great vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them, and they fled to hide themselves. So I was left alone and saw this great vision, and no strength was left in me. My radiant appearance was fearfully changed, and I retained no strength. Then I heard the sound of his words, and as I heard the sound of his words, I fell on my face in deep sleep with my face to the ground.” (10:5-9 )
A. INFERENCE: “And behold, a hand touched me and set me trembling on my hands and knees. And he said to me, ‘O Daniel, man greatly loved, understand the words that I speak to you, and stand upright, for now I have been sent to you.’ And when he had spoken this word to me, I stood up trembling. Then he said to me, ‘Fear not, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand and humbled yourself before your God, your words have been heard, and I have come because of your words.'” (10:10-12)
1. FINDINGS: When Jesus asked Daniel, ‘Do you know why I have come to you?’ (10:20), his question encompassed a vast amount of time–from the current dispersion of the Jews to the end of the age (Seventy Weeks).
2. CRITERIA: Judgement comes in three parts: all believers will be “caught up” with the church at the rapture per 2 Peter 3), Jews left behind will be judged as a nation in a day (Isaiah 66:8, Zech. 13:1), and all others remaining will face the final judgment at the Great White Throne beyond the millennium.
3. CONDITION: To make reconciliation for all iniquity through Jesus Christ.
4. CAUSE: All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. He will write His laws on our hearts to enable uninterrupted communion with God.
5. EFFECT: To make an end of sin and wickedness.
6. RECOMMENDATION: “Watch for the man clothed in linen with a belt of fine gold around his waist accompanied by Michael, your prince.” (10:5, 21)
Daniel 11, The Kings of the South and the North
I. KEY TEXT: War will exist until time of the end, for it still awaits the appointed time by the God of gods. (10:35-36)
A. INFERENCE: The present disposition of “The Church” was not revealed to Daniel yet during this time, wars are continuous.
1. FINDINGS: A “GAP” exists from the time of Daniel 10 to the Revelation of John; the “Time of the Gentiles.”
2. CRITERIA: A “Wait State” is a term for this “Time of the Gentiles.”
3. CONDITION: “The end is fixed for the appointed time.” (11:35)
4. CAUSE: A time of “Punishment” for “Seventy Weeks” is mandated for Israel. (11, 12 )
5. EFFECT: A “time of Trouble” must be experienced by the people in exile from Israel and all of us (gentiles) until the “Time of the End” is upon us.
6. RECOMMENDATION: The “Boss File” is the “Lamb’s Book of Life” which includes the names of those that will be delivered (everyone whose name shall be found written in the book). (11, 12 )