Week #110; Wed. Feb 05: Ezekiel 38–42

Week #110; Wed, Feb 05: Ezekiel 38:1–42:28

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 38, Prophecy Against Gog

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face toward Gog, and the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him and say, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, I am against you, O Gog chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.’ And I will turn you about and put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out, and all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed in full armor, a great host, all of them with buckler and shield, wielding swords. Persia, Cush, and Put are with them, all of them with shield and helmet; Gomer and all his hordes, Beth-togarmah from the uttermost parts of the north with all his hordes–many peoples are with you.” (38:1-9)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore, son of man, prophesy, and say to Gog, Thus says the Lord God: On that day when my people Israel are dwelling securely, will you not know it? You will come from your place out of the uttermost parts of the north, you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great host, a mighty army. You will come up against my people Israel, like a cloud covering the land. In the latter days I will bring you against my land, the nations may know me, when through you, O Gog, I vindicate my holiness before their eyes.” (38:14-16)

1. FINDINGS: Here again, it appears that in the “latter days” the Lord God will use an enemy from the north to plunder Israel so the nations may know him.

2. CRITERIA: Gog shall come against the land of Israel. A quick search of the terms Meshech, Tubal, Javan, and Rosh reveals that this area is currently formed by Armenia, Turkey, Syria, Iran, Russia, et al.

3. CONDITION: Gog will vindicate his holiness before the eyes of the nations.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God’s action will fulfill the action to bring his holiness to the eyes of many nations so that they will know that he is Lord.

5. EFFECT: “I will summon a sword against Gog, on all my mountains, declares the Lord God. Every man’s sword will be against his brother. With pestilence and bloodshed I will enter into judgment with him, and I will rain upon him and his hordes and the many peoples who are with him torrential rains and hailstones, fire and sulfur. So I will show my greatness and my holiness and make myself known in the eye of many nations. Then they will know that I am the Lord.” (38:21-23)

6. RECOMMENDATION: In addition to the sword, standby for the wrath of the Lord God from great earthquakes, the death of fish, birds, and beasts; the mountains shall be thrown down and the cliffs will fall.

Ezekiel 39, Prophecy Against Gog (cont.)

I. KEY TEXT: “And you, son of man, prophesy against Gog and say, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, I am against you, O Gog chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. And I will turn you about and drive you forward, and bring you up from the uttermost parts of the north, and lead you against the mountains of Israel. Then I will strike your bow form your left hand, and will make your arrows drop out of your right hand. You shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you and all your hordes and the peoples who are with you. I will give you to birds of prey of every sort and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. You shall fall in the open field, for I have spoken, declares the Lord God. I will send fire on Magog and on those who dwell securely in the coastlands, and they shall know that I am the Lord.” (39:1-6)

A. INFERENCE: “And my holy name I will make known in the midst of my people Israel, and I will not let my holy name be profaned anymore. And the nations shall know that I am the Lord, the Holy One in Israel. Behold, it is coming and it will be brought about, declares the Lord God. That is the day of which I have spoken.” (39:7-8)

1. FINDINGS: Hordes from Gog will lay waste the lands and people of Israel.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God will use his peoples enemies to demonstrate that he is God.

3. CONDITION: Once the Lord God is finished with the people of Gog toward the people of Israel, he will lay waste to Gog and the nations of the north.

4. CAUSE: The people of Israel strayed from the Lord God and went after foreign gods.

5. EFFECT: Defeat and exile to foreign lands; but restoration is at hand.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Have faith in the Lord God and wait on the restoration of Israel.

II. KEY TEXT: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Now I will restore the fortunes of Jacob and have mercy on the whole house of Israel, and I will be jealous for my holy name. They shall forget their shame and all the treachery they have practiced against me, when they dwell securely in their land with none to make them afraid, when I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them from their enemies’ lands, and through them have vindicated my holiness in the sight of many nations.” (39:25-27)

A. INFERENCE: “Then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, because I sent them into exile among the nations and then assembled them into their own land. I will leave none of them remaining among the nations anymore. And I will not hide my face anymore from them, when I pour out my Spirit upon the house of Israel, declares the Lord God.” (39:28-29)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord God will vindicate himself and restore the fortunes of Israel.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God will not forget his people Israel.

3. CONDITION: Assurance from the Lord God that his people Israel will be restored and brought back to their land.

4. CAUSE: The people of Israel strayed from the Lord God and went after foreign gods.

5. EFFECT: Defeat and exile to foreign lands; but restoration is at hand.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Have faith in the Lord God and wait on the restoration of Israel.

Ezekiel 40, Vision of the New Temple

I. KEY TEXT: “In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was struck down, on that very day, the hand of the Lord was upon me, and he brought me to the city. In visions of God he brought me to the land of Israel, and set me down on a very high mountain, on which was a structure like a city to the south. When he brought me there, behold, there was a man whose appearance was like bronze, with a linen cord and a measuring reed in his hand. And he was standing in the gateway. And the man said to me, ‘Son of man, look with your eyes, and hear with your ears, and set your heart upon all that I shall show you, for you were brought here in order that I might show it to you. Declare all that you see to the house of Israel.'” (40:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: The east gate to the outer court. “And behold, there was a wall all around the outside of the temple area, and the length of the measuring reed in the man’s hand was six long cubits, each being a cubit and a hand-breadth in length. Then he went into the gateway facing east, going up its steps, and measured the threshold of the gate, one reed deep. And the side rooms, one reed long and one reed broad; and the space between the side rooms, five cubits; and the threshold of the gate by the vestibule of the gate at the inner end, one reed . . .” The outer court. “Then he brought me into the outer court. And behold, there were chambers and a pavement, all around the court. Thirty chambers faced the pavement . . .” The north gate. “As for the gate that faced toward the north, belonging to the outer court, he measured its length and its breadth . . .” The south gate. “And he led me toward the south, and behold, there was a gate on the south. And he measured its jambs and its vestibule; they had the same size as the others . . .” The inner court. “Then he brought me to the inner court through the south gate, and he measured the south gate . . .” Chambers for the priests. “On the outside of the inner gateway there were two chambers in the inner court, one at the side of the north gate facing south, the other at the side of the south gate facing north . . .” The vestibule of the temple. “Then he brought me to the vestibule of the temple and measured the jambs of the vestibule, five cubits on either side . . . ” (40:5-49)

1. FINDINGS: Ezekiel was confronted by a man appearing like bronze with a linen cord and a measuring reed for conveying all information in a vision to the people of Israel.

2. CRITERIA: Ezekiel was instructed to share his vision with the people of Israel.

3. CONDITION: All measures for the new temple were to be conveyed to the people and in doing so, the vision produced hope for the people of Israel to return to their land.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God needed to have Ezekiel share the details of his vision with the people of Israel to reestablish his Temple plan upon their return to their land.

5. EFFECT: Hope is instilled in the people of Israel for return to their land and the rebuilding the Lord God’s temple.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Revival time for the Lord’s people.

Ezekiel 41, The Inner Temple

I. KEY TEXT: Measurements continue . . . (41:1-26)

A. INFERENCE: The inner temple . . . Then he brought me to the nave and measured the jambs. On each side six cubits was the breadth of the jambs . . .”  (41:1)

1. FINDINGS: The detailed measurements for the restoration of the Lord God’s Temple were architecturally accurate and meant to be followed by the people of Israel.

2. CRITERIA: The people of Israel need to follow the detailed measurements given by the man appearing as bronze to Ezekiel.

3. CONDITION: The vision of the restored Temple enabled Ezekiel to convey promise and detailed building instructions to the people of Israel.

4. CAUSE: Ezekiel’s vision of a man appearing to be bronze with a linen cord and carrying a measuring reed commanded the scope of work for rebuilding the Lord’s Temple.

5. EFFECT: Ezekiel was to set his heart upon all that he was shown and declare all that he sees to the house of Israel. (40:1-4)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Ezekiel needed to share all that he was shown with the house of Israel.

Ezekiel 42, The Temple’s Chambers

I. KEY TEXT: “Then he led me out into the outer court, toward the north, and he brought me to the chambers that were opposite the separate yard and opposite the building on the north.” (42:1)

A. INFERENCE: “Now when he had finished measuring the interior of the temple area, he led me out by the gate that faced east, and measured the temple area all around.” (42:15-20)

1. FINDINGS: A man appearing as bronze with a linen cord and carrying a measuring reed appeared to Ezekiel in a vision who showed him the measurements for the new Temple.

2. CRITERIA: Follow instructions for the new Temple that were given to Ezekiel to instruct the house of Israel.

3. CONDITION: Ezekiel received another vision like before to give to the house of Israel.

4. CAUSE: To enable the Lord God to again dwell in the Temple in his Holy City.

5. EFFECT: The glory of the Lord will fill the Temple.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Build the new Temple to the measurements given to Ezekiel in his vision by the man appearing as bronze with a linen cord and a measuring reed.

PLEASE SEE ALL ARCHIVED POSTS AT: www.jwaministries.net/wp

 

Week #111; Wed, Feb 12: Ezekiel 43-48

Week #111, Wed, Feb 12: Ezekiel 43:1–48:35

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 43, The Glory of the Lord Fills the Temple

I. KEY TEXT: “Then he led me to the gate, the gate facing east. And behold, the glory of the God of Israel was coming from the east. And the sound of his coming was like the sound of many waters, and the earth shone with his glory. And the vision I saw was just like the vision that I had seen when he came to destroy the city, and just like the vision that I had seen by the Chebar canal. And I fell on my face. As the glory of the Lord entered the temple by the gate facing east, the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the Lord filled the temple.” (43:1-5)

A. INFERENCE: “While the man was standing beside me, I heard one speaking to me out of the temple, and he said to me, ‘Son of man, this is the place of my throne and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the people of Israel forever. And the house of Israel shall no more defile my holy name, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoring and by the dead bodies of their kings at their high places, by setting their threshold by my threshold and their doorposts beside my doorposts, with only a wall between me and them. They have defiled my holy name by their abominations that they have committed, so I have consumed them in my anger. Now let them put away their whoring and the dead bodies of their kings far from me, and I will dwell in their midst forever.'” (43:6-9)

1. FINDINGS: The glory of the Lord filled the temple. (43:7-8)

2. CRITERIA: The temple of the Lord will be the dwelling place for the Lord’s throne; he will dwell in the midst of the people of Israel forever. (43:7-8)

3. CONDITION: The Lord God expects Ezekiel to write down the whole design of the temple, its arrangement, and the statutes, to make known to them so that they may observe all its laws and all its statutes and carry them out.

4. CAUSE: The people of Israel defiled the holy name of the Lord.

5. EFFECT: The Lord expects the people of Israel to put away their iniquities and be ashamed of them.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Observe the law of the temple.

B. INFERENCE: “As for you, son of man, describe to the house of Israel the temple, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities; and they shall measure the plan. And if they are ashamed of all that they have done, make known to them the design of the temple, its arrangement, its exits and its entrances, that is, its whole design; and make known to them as well all its statutes  and its whole design and all its laws, and write it down in their sight, so that they may observe all its laws and all its statutes and carry them out. This is the law of the temple: the whole territory on the top of the mountain all around shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the temple.” (43:10-12)

1. FINDINGS: This is the law of the temple: the whole territory on the top of the mountain all around shall be most holy.” (43:12)

2. CRITERIA: The people of Israel are expected to carry out the law of the temple that is delivered to them by Ezekiel.

3. CONDITION: The plan for the temple and the laws of the temple are to be written down and delivered to the people of Israel still in exile by Ezekiel.

4. CAUSE: Following the destruction of the city of Jerusalem and the exile of the people of Israel, the Lord is planning to bring them back and restore their lands.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God tasks Ezekiel to take the plans for the temple and the laws to the exiled people of Israel.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The Lord God expects the people of Israel to adhere to his plans and his laws as a precondition for them to return out of exile.

C. INFERENCE: “Detailed measurements for the altar were also given to Ezekiel to deliver with the plans for the temple and the laws. Details for sacrifices were included in the instructions given to Ezekiel to dispatch to the people of Israel.”

1. FINDINGS: Ordinances for sacrifices were spelled out for Ezekiel to deliver to the people of Israel.

2. CRITERIA: Sacrifices were to be made by the Levites on the day the altar was erected; all sacrifices were to be without blemish.

3. CONDITION: The altar’s purification process was also made clear to Ezekiel and he was to make it clear to the people of Israel.

4. CAUSE: Need for atonement of the people of Israel for past abominations to the Lord.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God tasks Ezekiel to take the plans for the temple, the laws, and the altar to the exiled people of Israel.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The Lord God expects the people of Israel to adhere to his plans and his laws as a precondition for them to return out of exile.

Ezekiel 44, The Gate for the Prince

I. KEY TEXT: “Then he brought me back to the outer gate of the sanctuary, which faces east. And it was shut. And the Lord said to me, “This gate shall remain shut; it shall not be opened, and no one shall enter by it, for the Lord, the God of Israel, has entered by it. Therefore it shall remain shut. Only the prince may sit in it to eat bread before the Lord. He shall enter by way of the vestibule of the gate, and shall go out by the same way. Then he brought me by way of the north gate to the front of the temple, and I looked, and behold, the glory of the Lord filled the temple of the Lord. And I fell on my face. And the Lord said to me, ‘Son of man, mark well, see with your eyes, and hear with you ears all that I shall tell you concerning all the statutes of the temple of the Lord and all its laws. And mark well the entrance to the temple and all the exits from the sanctuary. And say to the rebellious house, to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord God: O house of Israel, enough of all your abominations, in admitting foreigners, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, to be in my sanctuary, profaning my temple, when you offer to me my food, the fat and blood. You have broken my covenant, in addition to all your abominations. And you have not kept charge of my holy things, but you have set others to keep my charge for you in my sanctuary.” (44:1-8)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord God: No foreigner, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, of all the foreigners who are among the people of Israel, shall enter my sanctuary. But the Levites who went far from me, going astray from me after their idols when Israel went astray, shall bear their punishment. They shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having oversight at the gates of the temple and ministering in the temple. They shall slaughter the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before the people, to minister to them.” (44:9)

1. FINDINGS: “Because they ministered to them before their idols and became a stumbling block of iniquity to the house of Israel, therefore I have sworn concerning them, declares the Lord God and they shall bear their punishment.” (44:12)

2. CRITERIA: They shall not come near to me, to serve me as priest, nor come near any of my holy things and the things that are most holy, but they shall bear their shame and the abominations that they have committed. (44:13)

3. CONDITION: Yet I will appoint them to keep charge of the temple, to do all its service and all that is to be done in it. (44:14)

4. CAUSE: Abominations by the Levites who became a stumbling block to the people of Israel.

5. EFFECT: Yet they will be appointed to keep charge of the temple. (44:14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Serve as priests in the temple. (44:14)

B. INFERENCE: “But the Levitical priests, the sons of Zadok, who kept the charge of my sanctuary when the people of Israel went astray from me, shall come near me to minister to me. And they shall stand before me to offer me the fat and the blood, declares the Lord God.” (44:15)

1. FINDINGS: “This shall be their inheritance: I am their inheritance: and you shall give them no possession in Israel; I am their possession.” (44:28)

2. CRITERIA: The priests shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean. In a dispute, they shall act as judges, and they shall judge it according to my judgments. They shall keep my laws and my statutes in all my appointed feasts, and they shall keep my Sabbaths holy. (44:23-24

3. CONDITION: Rules are being established for the Levitical Priests by the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: Only Zadok’s sons kept the charge of my sanctuary when the people of Israel went astray from the Lord God.

5. EFFECT: Zadok’s sons shall have an inheritance; the Lord God himself.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The priests shall have no possession in Israel, every devoted thing in Israel shall be theirs.

Ezekiel 45, The Holy District

I. KEY TEXT: “When you allot the land as an inheritance, you shall set apart for the Lord a portion of the land a holy district, 25,000 cubits long and 20,000 cubits broad. It shall be holy throughout its whole extent. Of this a square plot of 500 by 500 cubits shall be for the sanctuary, with fifty cubits for an open space around it. And from this measured district you shall measure off a section 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 broad, in which shall be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place. It shall be the holy portion of the land. It shall be for the priests, who in the sanctuary and approach the Lord to minister to him, and it shall be a place for their houses and a holy place for the sanctuary. Another section, 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubits broad, shall be for the Levites who minister at the temple, as their possession for cities to live in. Alongside the portion set apart as the holy district you shall assign for the property of the city an area 5,000 cubits broad and 25,000 cubits long. It shall belong to the whole house of Israel. And to the prince (David) shall belong the land on both sides of the holy district and the property of the city, alongside the holy district and the property of the city, on the west and on the east, corresponding in length to one of the tribal portions, and extending from the western to the eastern boundary of the land. It is to be his property in Israel. And my princes shall no more oppress my people, but they shall let the house of Israel have the land according to their tribes.” (45:1-8)

A. INFERENCE: “The holy district was allotted to the Lord and set aside to be holy throughout its whole extent.” (45:1-2)

1. FINDINGS: The holy district contained a section for the sanctuary, the most Holy Place. It shall be the holy portion of the land. (45:3)

2. CRITERIA: The sanctuary was the center of holy activities including, justice, and righteousness. Use of just balances, just ephor, and just bath were required for measurements. The shekel was the measure for barley, oil, sheep, bulls, rams, grain, drink, and to make atonement for the people. All people were obliged to give this offering to the prince in Israel. (45:4, 9-25)

3. CONDITION: Blood from bulls, rams, and sheep without blemish were selected from the herds to purify the sanctuary and make atonement on behalf of Israel. The feasts and festivals were designated dates certain for celebration and offerings.

4. CAUSE: The Lord’s choice for the people’s path to restoration and reconciliation.

5. EFFECT: The people were given detail instruction by the Lord for return from exile and to abandon all of their former abominations.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Abandon all former abominations of foreign neighbors and practice justice and righteousness, especially in all holy activities being careful not to include the spiritually unclean foreigners.

Ezekiel 46, The Prince and the Feasts

I. KEY TEXT: “Thus says the Lord God: The gate of the inner court that faces east shall be shut on the six working days, but on the Sabbath day it shall be opened, and on the day of the new moon it shall be opened. The prince (David) shall enter by the vestibule of the gate from outside, and shall take his stand by the post of the gate. The priests shall offer his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate. Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be shut until evening. The people of the land shall bow down at the entrance of that gate before the Lord on the Sabbaths and on the new moons. The burnt offering that the prince offers to the Lord on the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish and a ram without blemish. And the grain offering with the ram shall be an ephor, and the grain offering with the lambs shall be as much as he is able, together with a hin of oil to each ephah. On the day of the new moon he shall offer a bull from the herd without blemish, and six lambs and a ram, which shall be without blemish. As a grain offering he shall provide an ephah with the bull and an ephah with the ram, and with the lambs as much as he is able, together with a hin of oil to each ephah. When the prince enters, he shall enter by the vestibule of the gate, and he shall go out by the same way.” (46:1-8)

A. INFERENCE: “Thus says the Lord God: If the prince makes a gift to any of his sons as his inheritance, it shall belong to his sons. It is their property by their inheritance. But if he makes a gift out of his inheritance to one of his servants, it shall be his to the year of liberty. Then it shall revert to the prince; surely it is his inheritance–it shall belong to his sons. The prince shall not take any of the inheritance of the people, thrusting them out of their property. He shall give his sons their inheritance out of his own property, so that none of my people shall be scattered from his property.” (46:16-18)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord God is making way for the restoration of God’s Israel and the re-establishment  of their city and temple by foretelling to Ezekiel the things to come.

2. CRITERIA: Follow the statutes and laws of the temple.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God is documenting to Ezekiel the laws and statutes he will demand from his people when they return from exile and return to their lands.

4. CAUSE: The people of the Lord God abandoned him for the gods of neighboring countries whose practices were abominations to the Lord God.

5. EFFECT: The people of the Lord God were defeated and exiled into foreign lands.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord God and obey his laws and statutes.

B. INFERENCE: “Then he brought me through the entrance, which was at the side of the gate, to the north row of the holy chambers for the priests, and behold, a place was there at the extreme western end of them. And he said to me, ‘This is the place where the priests shall boil the guilt offering and the sin offering, and where they shall bake the grain offering, in order not to bring them out in the outer court and so transmit holiness to the people.'” (46:19-24)

1. FINDINGS: Ezekiel depicts the new temple in a new restored empire where the Lord God will be praised by his people Israel in a reformed setting with detailed rules for worship.

2. CRITERIA: The people will conform to the temple rules, statutes, and laws.

3. CONDITION: Ezekiel is charged with telling the exiles all about the new temple and the new statutes that they must obey when they are reconciled to their Lord God in the new restored city.

4. CAUSE: The people turned away from the Lord God for the idols of foreign nations.

5. EFFECT: Exile of the people in foreign lands.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Be resolved to comply and obey the Lord God and return to their lands from exile.

Ezekiel 47, Water Flowing from the Temple

I. KEY TEXT: “Then he brought me back to the door of the temple, and behold, water was issuing from below the threshold of the temple toward the east (for the temple faced east). The water was flowing down from below the south end of the threshold of the temple, south of the altar. Then he brought me out by way of the north gate and led me around on the outside to the outer gate that faces toward the east; and behold, the water was trickling on the south side.” (47:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “The water from the temple grows deeper and deeper until it could not be safely passed where trees grew on its banks. Swarms of living creatures will live, and many fish; everything will live where the river goes. And on the banks, on both sides of the river, there will grow all kinds of trees and food. The water flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for food, and their leaves for healing. The river serves to divide the land for inheritances according to the tribes of Israel.” (47:3~23)

1. FINDINGS: The water flowing from the temple can be interpreted as the grace and joy which are glory begun. These waters could signify the gospel of Christ which went forth from Jerusalem and spread itself into the surrounding countries through the power of the Holy Spirit (Matthew Henry Commentary).

2. CRITERIA: The River of Life will ultimately flow throughout the whole earth (Matthew Henry Commentary).

3. CONDITION: The water flowing from the temple is rising.

4. CAUSE: The grace of the Lord God for all his people.

5. EFFECT: Everything will live (for eternity) where the river goes.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Drink the waters from the river of life.

Ezekiel 48, Division of the Land

I. KEY TEXT: The allotment of each tribe now lays with the sanctuary in the middle of the tribes, with seven to the north and five to the south; all are collectively called ‘New Jerusalem’ by Ezekiel. The sanctuary is in the center of the New Jerusalem. (48:1~35)

A. INFERENCE: “All allotments of land for each tribe are equal in size and the borders are horizontal (may be interpreted spiritually).” (48:1~35)

1. FINDINGS: The gates of the new square city are three on each side; one named after each tribe.

2. CRITERIA: The name of the city shall be, ‘The Lord Is There.'” (48:35)

3. CONDITION: The tribal boundaries will be horizontal and run to the Mediterranean Sea on the west (may be interpreted spiritually).

4. CAUSE: Tribal territories will touch the matching gate of the “New Jerusalem.”

5. EFFECT: Sojourners within each tribal boundary will be counted with that tribe.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Celebrate that the Lord God has dictated to Ezekiel the lay of the land, city, and sanctuary in preparation of a restored Israel.

B. INFERENCE: These shall be the (twelve) tribal lands of the city to the vertical north of the city–Judah, Reuben, Ephraim, and Levi after Israel and Manasseh, Naphtali, Asher, Dan. Benjamin, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun and Gad to the vertical south of the city and the sanctuary. (48:30~35)

1. FINDINGS: All tribal lands will be equal and border the Mediterranean Sea on the west.

2. CRITERIA: The divisions of land during the time of Joshua are vastly different than those stated here in Ezekiel.

3. CONDITION: Boundaries are horizontal and allotted areas are equal; sojourners are included in allotments as native-born children of Israel.

4. CAUSE: The dictate that the sanctuary will be in the midst of the tribal territories in horizontal portions, a holy portion for the priest’s allotment must be under seven portions and above five portions assigned to the tribes (See link in comments for a map diagram that appears to look like a ladder).

5. EFFECT: The prince had an allotment for himself.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The Lord God’s exiled people need to hear his plan for their restoration and reconciliation from Ezekiel and plan to return to their land.

PLEASE SEE ALL ARCHIVED POSTS AT: www.jwaministries.net/wp

Week #112; Wed, Feb. 19: Daniel 1-5

Week #112; Wed, Feb 19: Daniel 1:1–5:31

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Daniel 1:1, Daniel Taken to Babylon

I. KEY TEXT: “In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. Then the king commanded Ashpenaz, his chief eunuch, to bring some of the people of Israel, both of the royal family and of the nobility, youths without blemish, of good appearance and skillful in all wisdom, endowed with knowledge, understanding and learning, and competent to stand in the king’s palace, and to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans. The king assigned them a daily portion of the food that the king ate, and of the wine that he drank. They were to be educated for three years, and at the end of that time they were to stand before the king. Among these were Daniel, Hananiah, Michael, and Azariah of the tribe of Judah. And the chief of the eunuchs gave them names: Daniel he called Belteshazzar, Hannah he called Shadrach, Michael he called Meshach, and Azariah he called Abednego.” (1:1-7)

A. INFERENCE: “But Daniel resolved that he would not defile himself with the king’s food, or with the wine that he drank. Therefore he asked  the chief of the eunuchs to allow him not to defile himself. And God gave Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the chief of the eunuchs, and the chief of the eunuchs said to Daniel, ‘I fear my lord the king, who assigned your food and your drink; for why should he see that you were in worse condition than the youths who are of your own age? So you would endanger my head with the king.'” Then Daniel said to the steward whom the chief of the eunuchs had assigned over Daniel, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah, ‘Test your servants for ten days; let us be given vegetables to eat and water to drink. Then let our appearance and the appearance of the youths who eat the king’s food be observed by you, and deal with your servants according to what you see.’ So he listened to them in this matter, and tested them for ten days. At the end of ten days it was seen that they were better in appearance and fatter in flesh than all the youths that ate the king’s food. So the steward took away their food and the wine they were to drink, and gave them vegetables. (1:8-16)

1. FINDINGS: Daniel demonstrated early on that he was not prepared to accept the kings prescribed food for him, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah, choosing vegetables and water instead. (1:8-16)

2. CRITERIA: Daniel followed the Lord God regarding food to eat; he refused to defile himself. God honored his loyalty.

3. CONDITION: David is gaining respect for his daring to adhere to God precepts and not the Babylonian life of worldliness and pleasure.

4. CAUSE: David realized he could only eat the food authorized by God and stay pure.

5. EFFECT: As for these four youths, God gave them learning and skill in all literature and wisdom, and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.

6. RECOMMENDATION: David should remain faithful to God; remembering that serving king Nebuchadnezzar is integral to God’s plan.

B. INFERENCE: “As for these four youths, God gave them learning and skill in all literature and wisdom, and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams. At the end of time, when the king had commanded that they should be brought in, the chief of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. And the king spoke with them, and among all of them none was found like Daniel, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah. Therefore they stood before the king. And in every matter of wisdom and understanding about which he inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters that were in all his kingdom. And Daniel was there until the first year of King Cyrus.” (1:17-21)

1. FINDINGS: None was found like Daniel, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah when they were brought before the king.

2. CRITERIA: Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.

3. CONDITION: King Nebuchadnezzar selected Daniel, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah to learn the literature and language of the Chaldeans.

4. CAUSE: God gave them learning and skill in all literature, and wisdom.

5. EFFECT: Daniel, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah were revered by the king.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Daniel, Hannah, Michael, and Azariah to perform as seers; Daniel was made head over all of them in a very short time while keeping his loyalty to God.

Daniel 2:1, Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream

I. KEY TEXT: “In the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadneaar had dreams; his spirit was troubled, and his sleep left him. Then the king commanded that the magicians, the enchanters, the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans be summoned to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king. And the king said to them, ‘I had a dream, and my spirit is troubled to know the dream.’ Then the Chaldeans said to the king in Aramaic, ‘O king, live forever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will show the interpretation.’ The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, ‘The word from me is firm: if you do not make known to me the dream and its interpretation, you shall be torn limb from limb, and your houses shall be laid in ruins. But if you show the dream and its interpretation, you shall receive from me gifts and rewards and great honor. Therefore show me the dream and its interpretation.’ They answered a second time and said, ‘Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will show its interpretation.’ The king answered and said, ‘I know with certainty that you are trying to gain time, because you see that the word from me is firm–if you do not make the dream known to me, there is but one sentence for you. You have agreed to speak lying and corrupt words before me till the times change. Therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that you can show me its interpretation. The Chaldeans answered the king and said, ‘There is not a man on earth who can meet the king’s demand, for no great and powerful king has asked such a thing of any magician or enchanter or Chaldean. The thing that the king asks is difficult, and no one can show it to the king except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh.'” (2:1-11)

A. INFERENCE: “Because of this the king was angry and very furious, and commanded that all the wise men of Babylon be destroyed. So the decree went out, and the wise men were about to be killed; and they sought Daniel and his companions, to kill them. Then Daniel replied with prudence and discretion to Arch, the captain of the king’s guard who had gone out to kill the wise men of Babylon. He declared to Arioch, the king’s captain, ‘Why is the decree of the king so urgent?’ Then Arioch made the matter known to Daniel. And Daniel went in and requested the king to appoint him a time, that he might show the interpretation to the king. Then Daniel went to his house and made the matter known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions, and told them to seek mercy from the God of heaven concerning this mystery, so that Daniel and his companions might not be destroyed with the rest of the wise men of Babylon. Then the mystery was revealed to Daniel in a vision of the night. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.” (2:12-19)

1. FINDINGS: God revealed the king’s dream to Daniel. (2:19)

2. CRITERIA: . . . and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.” (1:17)

3. CONDITION: King Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; his spirit was troubled, and his sleep left him. He commanded that the magicians, the enchanters, and sorcerers, and the Chaldeans be summoned to tell the king his dreams. He demanded that they interpret his dream without giving them the dream.

4. CAUSE: It is likely that the dream was the vehicle God used to bring about victory and success for Daniel and his companions as an incremental step.

5. EFFECT: Daniel and his companions prayed to the Lord God for mercy in understanding the mystery, God supplied the answer to Daniel.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Daniel’s success eventually propelled him and his companions to great success and promotions.

II. KEY TEXT: “. . . there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and he has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will be the latter days. Your dream and the visions of your head as you lay in bed are these: To you O king, as you lay in bed came thoughts of what would be after this, and he who reveals mysteries and made known to you what is to be. But as for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, not because of any wisdom that I have more than all the living, but in order that the interpretation may be made known to the king, and that you may know the thoughts of your mind.” (2:28-30)

A. INFERENCE: “You saw, O king, and behold, a great image. This image, mighty and of exceeding brightness, stood before you, and its appearance was frightening. The head of this image was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its middle and thighs of bronze, it legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. As you looked, a stone was cut out by no human hand, and it struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces. Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold, all together were broken in pieces, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away, so that not a trace of them could be found. But the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.” (2:31-35)

1. FINDINGS: God in heaven revealed the mystery of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream to Daniel.

2. CRITERIA: It appears the Lord God had a message for Nebuchadnezzar choosing Daniel to deliver it in a mysterious way.

3. CONDITION: Nebuchadnezzar is getting the Lord God’s message.

4. CAUSE: God’s plan included other nations in his plan to restore Israel; Cyrus of Persia is in the race to eventually get it done.

5. EFFECT: King Nebuchadnezzar spared his seers along with Daniel and his companions. Daniel and his companions were ultimately promoted.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Daniel remains in Babylon and continued to learn and gained additional training and wisdom.

B. INFERENCE: “This was the dream. Now we will tell the king its interpretation. You, O king, the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the might, and the glory, and into whose hand he has given, wherever they dwell, the children of man, the beasts of the field, and the birds of the heavens, making you rule over them all–you are the head of gold. Another kingdom inferior to you shall arise after you, and yet a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth. And there shall be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron, because iron breaks to pieces and shatters all things. And like iron that crushes, it shall break and crush all these. And as you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it shall be a divided kingdom, but some of the firmness of iron shall be in it, just as you saw iron mixed with the soft clay. And as the toes of the feet were partly iron and partly clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly brittle. As you saw the iron mixed with soft clay, so they will mix with one another in marriage, but they will not hold together, just as iron does not mix with clay. And in the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that shall never be destroyed, nor shall the kingdom be left to another people. It shall break in pieces all these kingdoms and bring them to an end, and it shall stand forever, just as you saw that a stone was cut from a mountain by no human hand, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold. A great God has made known to the king what shall be after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation sure. Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face and paid homage to Daniel, and commanded that an offering and incense be offered up to him. The king answered and said to Daniel, ‘Truly, your God is God of gods and Lord of kings, and a revealer of mysteries, for you have been able to reveal this mystery.’ Then the king gave Daniel high honors and many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon and chief prefect over all the wise men of Babylon. Daniel made a request of the king, and he appointed Shadrach, Meshack, and Abednego over the affairs of the province of Babylon. But Daniel remained at the king’s court.” (2:36-49)

1. FINDINGS: God in heaven revealed the mystery of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream to Daniel.

2. CRITERIA: It appears the Lord God had a message for Nebuchadnezzar choosing Daniel to deliver it in a mysterious way.

3. CONDITION: It appears the Lord God had a message for Nebuchadnezzar choosing Daniel to deliver it in a mysterious way. Daniel is becoming more powerful and given more strength.

4. CAUSE: Nebuchadnezzar is getting the Lord God’s message.

5. EFFECT: King Nebuchadnezzar spared his seers along with Daniel and his companions. Daniel and his companions were ultimately promoted.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Daniel remains in Babylon and continues to learn and gain additional training and wisdom while Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were given charge over the affairs of the province of Babylon.

Daniel 3, Nebuchadnezzar’s Golden Image

I. KEY TEXT: “King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, whose height was sixty cubits and its breadth six cubits. He set it up on the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. Then King Nebuchadnezzar sent to gather the satraps, the prefects, and the governors, the counselors, the treasurers, the justices, the magistrates, and all the officials of the provinces to come to the dedication of the image that King Nebuchadnezzar had set up. Then the satraps, the prefects, and the governors, the counselors, the treasurers, the justices, the magistrates, and all the officials of the provinces gathered for the dedication of the image the King Nebuchadnezzar had set up. And they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up. And the herald proclaimed aloud, ‘You are commanded, O peoples, nations, and languages, that when you hear the sound of the horn, pipe, lyre, trigon, harp, bagpipe, and every kind of music, you are to fall down and worship the golden image that King Nebuchadnezzar had set up. And whoever does not fall down and worship shall immediately be cast into a burning fiery furnace. Therefore, as soon as all the peoples heard the sound of the horn, pipe, lyre, trigon, harp, bagpipe, and every kind of music, all the peoples, nations, and languages fell down and worshiped the golden image that King Nebuchadnezzar had set up.” (3:1-7)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore, at that time certain Chaldeans came forward and maliciously accused the Jews. They declared to King Nebuchadnezzar, ‘O king, live forever! You, O king, have made a decree, that every man who hears the sound of the horn, pipe, lyre, trigon, harp, bagpipe, and every kind of music, shall fall down and worship the golden image. And whoever does not fall down and worship shall be cast into a burning fiery furnace. There are certain Jews whom you have appointed over the affairs of the province of Babylon: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. These men pay no attention to you; they do not serve your gods or worship the golden image that you have set up.'” (3:8-12)

1. FINDINGS: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego refused to fall down and worship Nebuchadnezzar’s golden image.

2. CRITERIA: Turn or burn.

3. CONDITION: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego will not serve the king’s gods or worship the golden image that he set up.

4. CAUSE: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego will only worship the Lord God of Israel.

5. EFFECT: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego are thrown into the fiery furnace.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Pray to the God of Israel for rescue and protection.

II. KEY TEXT: “Then Nebuchadnezzar was filled with fury, and the expression of his face was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. He ordered the furnace heated seven times more than it was usually heated. And he ordered some of the mighty men of his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, and to cast them into the burning fiery furnace. ” (3:19-20)

A. INFERENCE: “Then King Nebuchadnezzar was astonished and rose up in haste. He declared to his counselors, ‘Did we not cast three men bound into the fire?’ They answered and said to the king, ‘True, O king.’ He answered and said, But I see four men unbound, walking in the midst of the fire, and they are not hurt, and the appearance of the fourth is like a son of the gods [Jesus can be seen here].'” (3:21-25)

1. FINDINGS: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego did not perish in the fiery furnace. Nebuchadnezzar called for them to come out of the fiery furnace along with a fourth man who looked like a son of the gods; none of them were harmed and did not smell of smoke.

2. CRITERIA: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were following the Lord God of Israel rather than the image set up by Nebuchadnezzar (a false god).

3. CONDITION: The kings counselors gathered together and saw that the fire had not had any power over the bodies of those men. The hair of their heads was not singed, their cloaks were not harmed, and no smell of fire had come upon them.

4. CAUSE: An angel delivered his servants from the fiery furnace, who trusted in him.

5. EFFECT: Nebuchadnezzar answered and said, ‘Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who sent his angel and delivered his servants, who trusted in him, and set aside the king’s command, and yielded up their bodies rather than serve and worship any god except their own God.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego need to continue to be faithful to the Lord God of Israel.

B. INFERENCE: “Therefore, I (Nebuchadnezzar) make a decree: Any people, nation, or language that speaks anything against the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego shall be torn limb from limb, and their houses laid in ruins, for there is no other god who is able to rescue in this way.’ Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego in the province of Babylon.” (3:29-30)

1. FINDINGS: Nebuchadnezzar made a decree to protect Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego from harm by anyone; they were promoted in the province of Babylon.

2. CRITERIA: Remain loyal to the Lord God of Israel even under harsh treatment.

3. CONDITION: The certain Chaldeans came forward and maliciously accused the Jews of not worshiping Nebuchadnezzar’s golden image–it backfired.

4. CAUSE: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego refused to obey Nebuchadnezzar and remained loyal to the Lord God of Israel.

5. EFFECT: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were protected by the king’s decree and they were promoted in the province of Babylon.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego should continue to remain loyal to the Lord God of Israel.

Daniel 4, Nebuchadnezzar Praises God

I. KEY TEXT: “King Nebuchadnezzar to all peoples, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth: Peace be multiplied to you! It has seemed good to me to show the signs and wonders that the Most High God has done for me. How great are his signs, how mighty his wonders! His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion endures from generation to generation.” (4:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “I, Nebuchadnezzar, was at ease in my house and prospering in my palace. I saw a dream that made me afraid. As I lay in my bed the fancies and the visions of my head alarmed me. So I made a decree that all the wise men of Babylon should be brought before me, that they might make known to me the interpretations of the dream. Then the magicians, the enchanters, the Chaldeans, and the astrologers came in, and I told them the dream, but they could not make known to me its interpretation. At last Daniel came in before me–he who was named Belteshazzar after the name of my god, and in whom is the spirit of the holy gods–and I told him the dream, saying, ‘O Belteshazzar, chief of the magicians, because I know that the spirit of the holy gods is in you and that no mystery is too difficult for you, tell me the visions of my dream that I saw and their interpretation. The visions of my head as I lay in bed were these: ‘I saw, and behold, a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height was great. The tree grew and became strong, and its top reached to heaven, and it was visible to the end of the whole earth. Its leaves were beautiful and its fruit abundant, and in it was food for all. The beasts of the field found shade under it, and the birds of the heavens lived in its branches, and all flesh was fed from it. I saw in the visions of my head as I lay in bed, and behold, a watcher, a holy one, came down from heaven. He proclaimed aloud and said thus: ‘Chop down the tree and lop off its branches, strip off its leaves and scatter its fruit. Let the beasts flee from under it and the birds from its branches. But leave the stump of its roots in the earth, bound with a band of iron and bronze, amid the tender grass of the field. Let him be wet with the dew of heaven. Let his portion be with the beasts in the grass of the earth. Let his mind be changed from a man’s, and let a beast’s mind be given to him; and let seven periods of time pass over him. The sentence is by the decree of the watchers, the decision by the word of the holy ones, to the end that the living may know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will and sets over it the lowliest of man.’ This dream I, King Nebuchadnezzar, saw. And you, O Belteshazzar, tell me the interpretation, because all the wise men of my kingdom are not able to make known to me the interpretation, but you are able, for the spirit of the holy gods is in you.” (4:4-18)

1. FINDINGS: Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s second dream. (4:22-27)

2. CRITERIA: Voice from heaven reaffirming Daniel’s interpretation. (4:31)

3. CONDITION: The Lord God spoke confirming Daniel interpretation saying to Nebuchadnezzar that “The kingdom has departed from you.” (4:31)

4. CAUSE: King Nebuchadnezzar had to understand that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will.” (4-32)

5. EFFECT: Nebuchadnezzar was restored after seven periods of time passes over him and he understood that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will. (4:25, 34)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Daniel told Nebuchadnezzar to break off his sins by practicing righteousness, and his iniquities by showing mercy to the oppressed, that there may perhaps be a lengthening of his prosperity. At the end of the days, Nebuchadnezzar lifted his eyes to heaven, and his reason returned to him, and he blessed the Most High, and praised and honored him who lives forever, for his dominion is an everlasting, dominion, and his kingd0m endures from generation to generation; all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, and he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, ‘What have you done?’ Nebuchadnezzar complied with Daniel and he was restored with more greatness added. (4:34-36)

Daniel 5, The Handwriting on the Wall

I. KEY TEXT: “King Belshazzar made a great feast for a thousand of his lords and drank wine in front of the thousand. Belshazzar, when he tasted the wine, commanded that the vessels of gold and of silver that Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple in Jerusalem be brought, that the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines might drink from them. They drank wine and praised the gods of gold and silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone . . . Immediately the fingers of a human hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace, opposite the lampstand . . . And the king saw the hand as it wrote. Then the king’s color changed, and his thoughts alarmed him; his limbs gave way, and his knees knocked together.” (5:1~5)

A. INFERENCE: “The queen, because of the words of the king and his lords, came into the banqueting hall, and the queen declared, ‘O king, live forever! Let not your thoughts alarm you or your color change. There is a man in your kingdom in whom is the spirit of the holy gods. In the days of your father, light and understanding and wisdom like the wisdom of the gods were found in him, and King Nebuchadnezzar, your father–your father the king–made him chief of the magicians, enchanters, Chaldeans, and astrologers, because an excellent spirit, knowledge, and understanding to interpret dreams, explain riddles, and solve problems were found in this Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar. Now let Daniel be called, and he will show the interpretation.” (5:10-12)

1. FINDINGS: Daniel was called to interpret the writing on the wall. The writing that was inscribed stated: Mene, Mene, Tekel, and Parsin. This is the interpretation of the matter: Mene, God has numbered the days of your kingdom and brought it to an end; Tekel, you have been weighed in the balances and found wanting; Peres, your kingdom is divided and given to the Medes and Persians. Then Belshazzar gave the command, and Daniel was clothed with purple, a chain of gold was put around his neck, and a proclamation was made about him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.

2. CRITERIA: Like his father Nebuchadnezzar, his father, Belshazzar’s heart was lifted up and his was spirit was hardened so that he dealt proudly, he was brought down from his kingly throne, and his glory was taken from him.

3. CONDITION: That very night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was killed. And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old.

4. CAUSE: The fingers began to write on the wall when they drank wine from the vessels from the temple, the house of God in Jerusalem.

5. EFFECT: Belshazzar the Chaldean king was killed on the same night he drank wine from the golden and silver vessels taken from the temple by Nebuchadnezzar his father.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Daniel must be prepared to deal with Darius and be protective of the law of his God.

PLEASE SEE ALL ARCHIVED POSTS AT: www.jwaministries.net/wp

Week #113 Wed, Feb 26: Daniel 6–11

Week #113 Wed, Feb 26: Daniel 6:1–11:45

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Daniel 6, Daniel and the Lion’s Den

I. KEY TEXT: “It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom 120 satraps (or princes), to be throughout the whole kingdom; and over them three presidents, of whom Daniel was one, to whom these satraps should give account, so that the king might suffer no loss. Then this Daniel became distinguished above all the other presidents and satraps, because an excellent spirit was in him. And the king planned to set him over the whole kingdom. Then the presidents and the satraps sought to find a ground for complaint or any fault, because he was faithful, and no error or fault was found in him. Then these men said, ‘We shall not find any ground for complaint against this Daniel unless we find it in connection with the law of his God.'” (6:1-3)

A. INFERENCE:”Then the presidents and the satraps (princes) sought to find a ground for complaint or any fault, because he was faithful, and no error or fault was found in him. Then these men said, ‘We shall not find any ground for complaint against this Daniel unless we find it in connection with the law of his God.'” (6:4)

1. FINDINGS: Of three princes assigned by Darius to rule over the kingdom, Daniel was about to be nominated to rule over the entire kingdom because of the excellent spirit in him. (6:3)

2. CRITERIA: At the request of the other presidents, King Darius signed an ordinance requiring that whoever makes a petition to any god or man for thirty days other than the king shall be cast into the den of lions. These men knew that Daniel was praying giving thanks before his God, as he had done previously.

3. CONDITION: The other presidents knew they could not advance in stature with Daniel in the way; they planned a way to get rid of him.

4. CAUSE: The other presidents were jealous of Daniel and they designed a scheme against him using the king to bring about his downfall at the jaws of the hungry lions in the den. A stone was rolled over the hole of the lion’s den.

5. EFFECT: A day later Daniel was taken out to the lion’s den when the king learned that Daniel was still in the lion’s den and unharmed. Then Daniel’s accusers and their entire families were thrown into the lion’s den. They were eaten by the same lions before they even hit the bottom of the lion’s den.

6. RECOMMENDATION: “King Darius wrote to all the peoples, nations, and languages that dwell in all the earth: ‘Peace be multiplied to you. I make a decree, that in all my royal dominion people are to tremble and fear before the God of Daniel, for he is the living God, enduring forever; his kingdom shall never be destroyed, and his dominion shall be to the end. He delivers and rescues; he works signs and wonders in heaven and on earth, he who has saved Daniel from the power of the lions.'” (6:25-27) Daniel should continue to be loyal to the Lord God of Israel.

Daniel 7, Daniel’s Vision of the Four Beasts

I. KEY TEXT: “In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon, Daniel saw a dream and visions of his head as he lay in his bed. Then he wrote down the dream and told the sum of the matter. Daniel declared, ‘I saw in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were stirring up the great sea. And four great beasts came up out of the sea, different from one another. The first was like a lion and had eagles’ wings. Then as I looked its wings were plucked off, and it was lifted up from the ground and made to stand on two feet like a man, and the mind of a man was given to it. And behold, another beast, a second one, like a bear. It was raised up on one side. It had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and it was told, ‘Arise, devour much flesh.’ After this I looked, and behold another, like a leopard, with four wings of a bird on its back. And the beast had four heads, and dominion was given to it. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, terrifying and dreadful and exceedingly strong. It had great iron teeth; it devoured and broke in pieces and stamped what  was left with its feet. It  was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and behold, there came up among them another horn, a little one [possibly the Antichrist], before which three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots. And behold, in his horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things.” (7:1-8)

A. INFERENCE: “As I looked, thrones were placed, and the Ancient of Days [the Son of Man corresponding to Revelation 12:7-9; titles could be interchangeable . . .] took his seat; his clothing was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames; its wheels were burning fire. A stream of fire issued and came out from before him; a thousand thousands served him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; the court sat in judgment and the books were opened. ‘I looked then because of the sound of the great words that the horn was speaking. And as I looked, the beast was killed, and its body destroyed and given over to be burned with fire. As for the rest of the beasts, their dominion was taken away, but their lives were prolonged for a season and a time. ‘I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him. And to him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed.'” (7:9-14)

1. FINDINGS: “These four great beasts are four kings who shall arise out of the earth. But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom and possess the kingdom forever, forever and ever.” (7:17-18)

2. CRITERIA: The fourth beast “made war with the saints and prevailed over them, until the Ancient of Days came, and the judgment was given for the saints of the Most High, and the time came when the saints possessed the kingdom. (7:21-22)

3. CONDITION: Regarding the beast with ten horns of the fourth kingdom: “He shall speak words against the Most High and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, . . .  But the court shall sit in judgment, and his dominion shall be taken away, to be consumed and destroyed to the end.” (7:-25-26) [note the reference to “a time, times, and half a time” indicating a split of time as in 3 1/2 and 3 1/2 of 7; it is also indicated at 12:7 and likely pertain to the tribulation . . .]

4. CAUSE: “And the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; their kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them.

5. EFFECT: “And the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; their kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them.” (7:27)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Do as Daniel, “Keep the matter in my heart.” (7:28) It appears that Daniel’s visions and John’s visions pertain to each other, particularly dealing the four beasts. Therefore, since John’s visions have not materialized, a recommendation is not clear–nothing to do but keep the matter in our heart and just wait.

Daniel 8, Daniel’s Vision of the Ram and the Goat

I. KEY TEXT: “And I saw in the vision; and when I saw, I was in Susa the capital, which is in the province of Elam. And I saw in the vision, and I was at the Ulai canal. I raised my eyes and saw, and behold, a ram standing on the bank of the canal. It had two horns, and both horns were high, but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last. I saw the ram charging westward and northward and southward. No beast could stand before him, and there was no one who could rescue from his power. He did as he pleased and became great. As I was considering, behold, a male goat came from the west across the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground. And the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes. He came to the ram with the two horns, which I had seen standing on the bank of the canal, and he ran at him in his powerful wrath. I saw him come close to the ram, and he was enraged against him and struck the ram and broke his two horns. And the ram had no power to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground and trampled on him. And there was no one who could rescue the ram from his power. Then the goat became exceedingly great, but when he was strong, the great horn was broken, and instead of it there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven.” (8:2-8)

A. INFERENCE: “When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it. And behold, there stood before me one having the appearance of a man. And I heard a man’s voice between the banks of the Ulai, and it called, ‘Gabriel, make this man understand the vision.’ So he came near where I stood. And when he came, I was frightened and fell on my face. But he said to me, ‘Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end.'” (8:15-17)

1. FINDINGS: Daniel’s vision extended from his present position through John’s vision in the Revelation. The beasts can be compared to each other in recognizing the similarities of the visions of Daniel and John.

2. CRITERIA: The role of the four beasts will unfold as of the time of Daniel to the time of John’s visions in the Revelation, even now. The actions of the four beasts are worth observing and understanding so as to recognize them when they are revealed. See: “Blog Page 7, paragraph I.G.” for an overview of the events of Daniel in the reference by Clarence Larkin.

3. CONDITION: “As for the ram that you saw with the two horns, these are the kings of Media and Persia. And the goat is the king of Greece. And the great horn between his eyes is the first king. As for the horn that was broken, in place of which four others arose, four kingdoms shall arise from his nation, but not with his power. And at the latter end of their kingdom, when the transgressors have reached their limit, a king of bold face, one who understands riddles, shall arise. His power shall be great–but not of his own power; and he shall cause fearful destruction and shall succeed in what he does, and destroy mighty men and the people who are the saints. By his cunning he shall make deceit prosper under his hand, and in his own mind he shall become great. Without warning he shall destroy many. And he shall even rise up against the Prince of princes, and he shall be broken–but by no human hand.” (8:20-26)

4. CAUSE: A “little horn” that grew exceedingly great and threw truth to the ground will act and prosper. (8:9-10)

5. EFFECT: “And I, Daniel, was overcome and lay sick for some days. Then I rose and went about the king’s business, but I was appalled by the vision and did not understand it.” (8:27)

6. RECOMMENDATION: It appears that there is a connection between Daniel’s visions and those of John. Since John’s visions have yet to be revealed, we can study them for greater understanding, but we must wait with hope the church will be “swept up” first.

Daniel 9, Daniel’s Prayer for His People

I. KEY TEXT: “In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a Mede, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans–in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely seventy years.” (9:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. I prayed to the Lord my God and made confession, saying, ‘O lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. To you, O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame, as at this day, to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, those who are near and those who are far away, in all the lands to which you have driven them, because of the treachery that they have committed against you. To us, O Lord, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God by walking in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. All Israel has transgressed your law and turned aside, refusing to obey your voice. And the curse and oath that are written in the Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out upon us, because we have sinned against him. He has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us and against our rulers who ruled us, by bringing upon us a great calamity. For under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem. As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this calamity has come upon us; yet we have not entreated the favor of the Lord our God, turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth. Therefore the Lord has kept ready the calamity and has brought it upon us, for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works that he has done, and we have not obeyed his voice.” (9:3-14)

1. FINDINGS: “To us, O Lord, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you.” (9:8)

2. CRITERIA: Gabriel provided understanding of the word. “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince (Jesus), there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.” (9:24-27)

3. CONDITION: “While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for the holy hill of my God, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice. He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, ‘O Daniel, I have now come out to give you insight and understanding. At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, and I have come to tell it to you, for your are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word and understand the vision.'” (9:20-23)

4. CAUSE: In Daniel’s prayer, he  confesses that, “we (all of Israel) have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to you servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.” (9:5-6)

5. EFFECT: Await restoration at the end of seventy weeks of desolation. Turn to the Lord God for confession and mercy.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Rely on the importance of the vision of the “Seventy Weeks” which covers the period when the Jews are dwelling in their own land (not the present period of their “Dispersion,” when they return to the their own land (which covers the time from the “going forth to restore and rebuild Jerusalem” until the “Second Coming of Christ).” See: Blog Page 7, paragraph I.G. for in depth comments in the reference by C. Larkin. There you will find that Larkin holds out that “If a Jew desires to be saved by the Blood of Christ he must renounce his nationality and become a member of the ‘Body of Christ’ (the Church), in which there is neither Jew nor Gentile (Gal. 3:26-28, Col. 3:10-11). But when the ‘Body of Christ’ is complete, and ‘caught out,’ then the Jews, not as individuals but as a Nation, shall be upon Him Whom they pierced (Rev. 1:7), at His Second Coming (Rev. 1:7), and a ‘nation,’ the Jewish Nation, shall be born (converted) in a day (Isa. 66:8). ‘In ‘That Day’ (the Day of the Lord) there shall be a ‘Fountain’ opened to the ‘House of David’ (Israel) and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and uncleanness (Zech. 13:1). There is no more important revelation, in many ways, made in Scriptures; it ties Old Testament and New Testament in a direct manner with truth (i.e., Daniel and Revelation ).

Daniel 10, Daniel’s Terrifying Vision of a Man

I. KEY TEXT: “I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, a man clothed in linen, with a belt of fine gold from Uphaz around his waist. His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and the sound of his words like a sound of a multitude (Jesus can be seen here). And I, Daniel, alone saw the vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them, and they fled to hide themselves. So I was left alone and saw this great vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them, and they fled to hide themselves.  So I was left alone and saw this great vision, and no strength was left in me. My radiant appearance was fearfully changed, and I retained no strength. Then I heard the sound of his words, and as I heard the sound of his words, I fell on my face in deep sleep with my face to the ground.” (10:5-9 )

A. INFERENCE: “And behold, a hand touched me and set me trembling on my hands and knees. And he said to me, ‘O Daniel, man greatly loved, understand the words that I speak to you, and stand upright, for now I have been sent to you.’ And when he had spoken this word to me, I stood up trembling. Then he said to me, ‘Fear not, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand and humbled yourself before your God, your words have been heard, and I have come because of your words.'”  (10:10-12)

1. FINDINGS: When Jesus asked Daniel, ‘Do you know why I have come to you?’ (10:20), his question encompassed a vast amount of time–from the current dispersion of the Jews to the end of the age (Seventy Weeks).

2. CRITERIA: Judgement comes in three parts: all believers will be “caught up” with the church at the rapture per 2 Peter 3), Jews left behind will be judged as a nation in a day (Isaiah 66:8, Zech. 13:1), and all others remaining will face the final judgment at the Great White Throne beyond the millennium.

3. CONDITION: To make reconciliation for all iniquity through Jesus Christ.

4. CAUSE: All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. He will write His laws on our hearts to enable uninterrupted communion with God.

5. EFFECT: To make an end of sin and wickedness.

6. RECOMMENDATION: “Watch for the man clothed in linen with a belt of fine gold around his waist accompanied by Michael, your prince.” (10:5, 21)

Daniel 11, The Kings of the South and the North

I. KEY TEXT: War will exist until time of the end, for it still awaits the appointed time by the God of gods. (10:35-36)

A. INFERENCE: The present disposition of “The Church” was not revealed to Daniel yet during this time, wars are continuous.

1. FINDINGS: A “GAP” exists from the time of Daniel 10 to the Revelation of John; the “Time of the Gentiles.”

2. CRITERIA: A “Wait State” is a term for this “Time of the Gentiles.”

3. CONDITION: “The end is fixed for the appointed time.” (11:35)

4. CAUSE: A time of “Punishment” for “Seventy Weeks” is mandated for Israel. (11, 12 )

5. EFFECT: A “time of Trouble” must be experienced by the people in exile from Israel and all of us (gentiles) until the “Time of the End” is upon us.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The “Boss File” is the “Lamb’s Book of Life” which includes the names of those that will be delivered (everyone whose name shall be found written in the book). (11, 12 )