Week #105; Wed, Jan 01: Ezekiel 9-15

Week #105; Wed, Jan 01: Ezekiel 9:1-15:8

H A P P Y   N E W   Y E A R !

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:

I. A personal Biblical yardstick helps study the Bible and God’s master plan.

A. Here’s mine:

1. The Lamb’s Book of Life was compiled with our names before the foundation of the world.

2. Isaiah 14 addresses the war in heaven and Satans fall along with his not so angelic followers.

3. Lucifer’s pride escaped his internal controls and he and his followers exercised their free-will to contend with God over ruling God’s kingdom, a big mistake although God knew the outcome before hand.

4. The split resulted in a ratio of 2/3 of the angels opting for God’s side and 1/3 of the angels opting for Lucifer’s side.

5. When humans were created, God gave them free-will just like the angels.

6. Our free-will to exercise our choice to follow God or not has similar consequences as the angels.

7. Yes, Jesus died for all; however, God will only accept believers back into His pure kingdom.

8. God already knows who will become a believer and He sealed their names in the Lamb’s Book of Life before the foundation of the world; blasphemy results in a name being deleted from the Lamb’s Book of Life.

9. God does condemn some and does not want them back in His kingdom.

10. God wants a restored pure kingdom where He will know that believers want to be on His side and not Satan’s side.

11. So, our earthly environment is a temporary testing or proving ground.

12. Yet, God knows the eternal outcome of our free-will choices that we make now here on earth.

13. He is testing us now with His free-grace to make a free-will choice to believe in Jesus.

14. God sent Jesus to die for all, but we have to believe in Him and more than that, we must develop our relationship with Him from that point on.

15. Interlocking fingers depicts how tight our relationship with Jesus should be.

B. Inference: All Scripture (old and new) gets richer and richer, particularly if it is read as one voice of God from beginning to end.

C. Further, Colossians 3 isolates three important words: above, earth, and below. When directional labels are applied to these words, they render a vertical, horizontal, and transverse context for God, earth, and evil respectively.

D. So, the current Scripture topic can be analyzed in an X, Y, and Z three-dimensional Cartesian context as good, bad, or ugly, and mentally plotted by pinpointing coordinates for the following elements (see: www.jwaministries.net at paragraph 4.B):

1. FINDINGS: Abnormality(ies)?

2. CRITERIA: Basis for good results?

3. CONDITION: What’s happening?

4. CAUSE: How or why did the condition happen?

5. EFFECT: Impact?

6. RECOMMENDATION: Resolution for the condition(s)/cause(s)?

E. Assess and remember the slope of the topic’s curve; use as needed.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 9, Idolaters Killed

I. “Then he cried in my ears with a loud voice, saying, ‘Bring near the executioners of the city, each with his destroying weapon in his hand.’ And behold, six men came from the direction of the upper gate, which faces north, each with his weapon for slaughter in his hand, and with them was a man clothed in linen, with a writing case at his waist. And they went in and stood beside the bronze altar. (9:1-2)

A. Inference: “Now the glory of the God of Israel had gone up from the cherub on which it rested to the threshold of the house. And he called to the man clothed in linen, who had the writing case at his waist. And the Lord said to him, ‘Pass through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and groan over all the abominations that are committed in it.’ And to the others he said in my hearing, ‘Pass through the city after him, and strike. Your eye shall not spare, and you shall show no pity. Kill old men outright, young men and maidens, little children and women, but touch no one on whom is the mark. And begin at my sanctuary.’ So they began with the elders who were before the house. Then he said to them, ‘Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain. Go out.’ So they went out and struck in the city. And while they were striking, and I was left alone, I fell upon my face, and cried, ‘Ah, Lord God! Will you destroy all the remnant of Israel in the outpouring of your wrath on Jerusalem?'” (9:3-8)

1. FINDINGS: Abominations are being committed in the temple of the Lord and throughout Israel.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord has called up his executioners to kill those who have defiled the house, the city and the nearby mountains except for those marked on the forehead that detest the abominations that are being committed.

3. CONDITION: Ezekiel is concerned that the Lord’s punishment is too harsh and may result in the killing of the remnant of Israel that is essential for carrying out God’s master plan beyond the period of exile and all of eternity.

4. CAUSE: The vengeance of the Lord on those that do abominations.

5. EFFECT: No pity on those guilty of abominations.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stand clear while the “man clothed in linen” does his work. [Jesus can be seen here]

Ezekiel 10, The Glory of the Lord Leaves the Temple

I. “Then I looked, and behold, on the expanse that was over the heads of the cherubim there appeared above them something like a sapphire, in appearance like a throne. And he said to the man clothed in linen, ‘Go in among the whirling wheels underneath the cherubim. Fill your hands with burning coals from between the cherubim, and scatter them over the city.'” (10:1-2)

A. Inference: “And he went in before my eyes. Now the cherubim were standing on the south side of the house, when the man went in, and a cloud filled the inner court. And the glory of the Lord went up from the cherub to the threshold of the house, and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was filled with the brightness of the glory of the Lord.” (10:2-4)

1. FINDINGS: Burning coals are spread over the city by the glory of the Lord.

2. CRITERIA: The sovereign God’s omnipresence, omnidirectional, omnipotent, omniscient, and omni-righteous power are on display.

3. CONDITION: The brightness of the glory of the Lord is an overwhelming presence and unstoppable power of righteousness.

4. CAUSE: The unrighteousness and abominations of the people.

5. EFFECT: The Lord is about to whet his sword.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Yield to the righteousness of God with repentance.

II. “And when he commanded the man clothed in linen, ‘Take fire from between the whirling wheels, from between the cherubim,’ he went in and stood beside a wheel. And a cherub stretched out his hand from between the cherubim to the fire that was between the cherubim, and took some of it and put it into the hands of the man clothed in linen, who took it and went out. The cherubim appeared to have the form of a human hand under their wings.” (10:6-8) [See page 7.I.F. for Larkin’s graphic depiction of the four angels on page 2.]

A. Inference: The “likeness, as if a wheel were within a wheel” presents the omnidirectional context of the cherubim. (10:10) [A gyroscope comes to mind.]

1. FINDINGS: The cherubim go where the cherubim and the Spirit want to do God’s will.

2. CRITERIA: The sovereign God’s omnipresence, omnidirectional, omnipotent, omniscient, and omni-righteousness power are on display.

3. CONDITION: The glory of the Lord is out and about restoring righteousness.

4. CAUSE: The Lord is seeking to right all abominations with the power of fire and sword.

5. EFFECT: The Lord’s desire to restore righteousness is unstoppable.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Yield to the righteousness of God with repentance.

Ezekiel 11, Judgment on Wicked Counselors

I. “The Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the house of the Lord, which faces east. And behold, at the entrance of the gateway there were twenty-five men. And I saw among them Jaazaniah the son of Azzur, and Pelatiah the son of Benaiah, princes of the people. And he said to me, ‘Son of man, these are the men who devise iniquity and who give wicked counsel in this city; who say, ‘The time is not near to build houses. This city is the cauldron, and we are the meat.’ Therefore prophesy against them, prophesy, O son of man.” (11:1-4)

A. Inference: “And the Spirit of the Lord fell upon me, and he said to me, ‘Say, Thus says the Lord: So you think, O house of Israel. For I know the things that come into your mind. You have multiplied your slain in this city and have filled its streets with the slain. Therefore thus says the Lord God: Your slain whom you have laid in the midst of it, they are the meat, and this city is the cauldron, but you shall be brought out of the midst of it. You have feared the sword, and I will bring the sword upon you, declares the Lord God. And I will bring you out of the midst of it, and give you into the hands of foreigners, and execute judgments upon you. You shall fall by the sword. I will judge you at the border of Israel, and you shall know that I am the Lord. This city shall not be your caldron, nor shall you be the meat in the midst of it. I will judge you at the border of Israel [Exodus 23:31 pertains], and you shall know that I am the Lord. For you have not walked in my statutes, nor obeyed my rules, but have acted according to the rules of the nations that are around you.” (11:5-12)

1. FINDINGS: Wicked counselors prophesied against the Lord.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord will judge the wicked that have not walked in his statutes.

3. CONDITION: Distrust is planted by wicked counselors against the Lord.

4. CAUSE: Wickedness and not walking in the Lord’s statutes.

5. EFFECT: Death on those counselors.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Ezekiel falls on his face and pleads with the Lord not to make full end of the remnant of Israel. He is fearful that the remnant will be snuffed out bringing an end to the people of the Lord and his plan.

II. “And the word of the Lord came to me: . . . Therefore say, ‘Thus says the Lord God: I will gather you from the peoples and assemble you out of the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.’ And when they come there, they will remove from it all its detestable things and all its abominations. And I will give them one heart, and a new spirit I will put within them. I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, that they may walk in my statutes and keep my rules and obey them. And they shall be my people, and I will be their God” (11:14, 17-21)

A. Inference: “But as for those whose heart goes after their detestable things and their abominations, I will bring their deeds upon their own heads, declares the Lord God.” (11:21)

1. FINDINGS: Hearts of stone that go after detestable things and abominations to the Lord.

2. CRITERIA: Hearts of flesh to be able to walk in the statutes and keep the rules of the Lord.

3. CONDITION: Hearts of flesh needed.

4. CAUSE: Hearts of stone.

5. EFFECT: Their deeds will be brought upon their own heads.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Replace hearts of stone with hearts of flesh.

B. Inference: “And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me in the vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldea, to the exiles. Then the vision that I had seen went up from me. And I told the exiles all the things that the Lord had shown me.” (11:24-25)

1. FINDINGS: The Spirit lifted up Ezekiel and brought him into Chaldea, to the exiles for him to proclaim to them all the things that the Lord had shown him.

2. CRITERIA: Do what the statutes and rules of the Lord require.

3. CONDITION: Exiles need Ezekiel’s prophesy to initiate change and return to the Lord.

4. CAUSE: Those in exile and elsewhere did not follow the statutes and rules of the Lord.

5. EFFECT: Exile to Babylon (and other surrounding nations).

6. RECOMMENDATION: Welcome a heart of flesh and follow the statutes and rules of the Lord.

Ezekiel 12, Judah’s Captivity Symbolized

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: Son of man, you dwell in the midst of a rebellious house, who have eyes to see, but see not, who have ears to hear, but hear not, for they are a rebellious house.” (12:1-2)

A. Inference: “As for you, son of man, prepare for yourself an exile’s baggage, and go into exile by day in their sight. You shall go like an exile from your place to another place in their sight. Perhaps they will understand, though they are a rebellious house. You shall bring out your baggage by day in their sight, as baggage for exile, and you shall go out yourself at evening in their sight, as those do who must go into exile. In their sight dig through the wall, and bring your baggage out through it. In their sight you shall lift the baggage upon your shoulder and carry it out at dusk. You shall cover your face that you may not see the land, for I have made you a sign for the house of Israel.” (12:3-6)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord used Ezekiel as a symbol to the exiles that they must do likewise.

2. CRITERIA: Keep your baggage packed, eat food quickly, and drink quickly.

3. CONDITION: This vision is a future image prior to exile to warn the people that they will soon be taken to a new land as a conquered people of Babylon or spread among other nations.

4. CAUSE: The people are a stubborn people not listening, seeing, or obeying the word, statutes, or rules of the Lord bringing abominations and detestable things into their culture including false prophets.

5. EFFECT: Defeat and exile to Babylon soon; the cities shall be laid waste.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The time soon approaches for exile for all the violence and false practices in the land.

Ezekiel 13, False Prophets Condemned

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel, who are prophesying, and say to those who prophesy from their own hearts: ‘Hear the word of the Lord!’ Thus says the Lord God, Woe to the foolish prophets who follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! Your prophets have been like jackals among ruins, O Israel. You have not gone up into the breaches, or built up a wall for the house of Israel, that it might stand in battle in the day of the Lord. They have seen false visions and lying divinations. They say, ‘Declares the Lord,’ when the Lord has not sent them, and yet they expect him to fulfill their word.” (13:1-6)

A. Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: ‘Because you have uttered falsehood and seen lying visions, therefore behold, I am against you, declares the Lord God. My hand will be against the prophets who see false visions and who give lying divinations. They shall not be in the council of my people, nor be enrolled in the register of the house of Israel, nor shall they enter the land of Israel. And you shall know that I am the Lord God.’ . . . The prophets of Israel who prophesied concerning Jerusalem and saw visions of peace for her, when there was no peace (are no more), declares the Lord.” (13:8-9; 16)

1. FINDINGS: False visions and lying divinations are leaning on their own heart and desires rather than the Lord God.

2. CRITERIA: Lean on the real prophets of the Lord God.

3. CONDITION: The false prophets are using their own desires to mislead the people.

4. CAUSE: The false prophets used their own hearts to prophesy when they have seen nothing; the Lord has not sent them.

5. EFFECT: The Lord will not fulfill the words of the false prophets and he is against them.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Do not enroll the false prophets in the register of the house of Israel; do not permit them to enter the land of Israel.

II. “And you, son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people, who prophesy out of their own minds. Prophesy against them and say, Thus says the Lord God: Woe to the women who sew magic bands upon all wrists, and make veils for the heads of persons of every stature, in the hunt for souls! Will you hunt down souls belonging to my people and keep your own souls alive?” (13:17-18)

A. Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Behold, I am against your magic bands with which you hunt the souls like birds, and I will tear them from your arms, and I will let the souls whom you hunt go free, the souls like birds. Your veils also I will tear off and deliver my people out of your hand, and they shall be no more in your hand as prey, and you shall know that I am the Lord.” (13:20-21)

1. FINDINGS: False visions and divination were practiced by the wicked prophets.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God rejects false prophets.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God turned his face from the false prophets that prophesy out of their own minds.

4. CAUSE: False prophets encouraged the wicked not to turn from their evil ways.

5. EFFECT: The wrath of the Lord God was against the false prophets.

6. RECOMMENDATION: No longer see false visions or practice divination.

Ezekiel 14, Idolatrous Elders Condemned

I. “Then certain of the elders of Israel came to me and sat before me. And the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, these men have taken their idols into their hearts, and set the stumbling block of their iniquity before their faces. Should I indeed let myself be consulted by them?” (14:1-3)

A. Inference: “Therefore speak to them and say to them, Thus says the Lord God: Any one of the house of Israel who takes his idols into his heart and sets the stumbling block of his iniquity before his face, and yet comes to the prophet, I the Lord will answer him as he comes with the multitude of his idols, that I may lay hold of the hearts of the house of Israel, who are all estranged from me through their idols.” (14:4-5)

1. FINDINGS: Elders of Israel took their idols into their hearts.

2. CRITERIA: No idols (per 2nd commandment in Exodus 20).

3. CONDITION: The idols of the elders estrange them from the Lord.

4. CAUSE: The elders used their idols that turned into stumbling blocks and separation from the Lord.

5. EFFECT: The Lord will cut off such men from the midst of his people.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent, dump the idols and abominations.

II. Jerusalem will not be spared. “And the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, when a land sins against me by acting faithlessly, and I stretch out my hand against it and break its supply of bread and send famine upon it, and cut off from it man and beast, even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they would deliver but their own lives by their righteousness, declares the Lord God.” (14:12-14)

A. Inference: “For thus says the Lord God: How much more when I send upon Jerusalem my four disastrous acts of judgment, sword, famine, wild beasts, and pestilence, to cut off from it man and beast! But behold, some survivors will be left in it, sons and daughters who will be brought out; behold, when they come out to you, and you see their ways and their deeds, you will be consoled for the disaster that I have brought upon Jerusalem, for all that I have brought upon it.” (14:21-22)

1. FINDINGS: Jerusalem will receive the Lord God’s disastrous acts of judgment: sword, famine, wild beasts, and pestilence.

2. CRITERIA: Noah, Daniel, and Job could not deliver Jerusalem from disaster.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God will deliver disaster on Jerusalem.

4. CAUSE: Faithlessly sinning against the Lord God with their ways and deeds.

5. EFFECT: Disaster for Jerusalem cannot be prevented; but some survivors will be left in it.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent, change the ways and deeds of the people.

Ezekiel 15, Jerusalem, a Useless Vine

I. “And the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, how does the wood of the vine surpass any wood, the vine branch that is among the trees of the forest? Is wood taken from it to make anything?” (15:1-3)

A. Inference: “Behold, when it was whole, it was used for nothing. How much less, when the fire has consumed it and it is charred, can it ever be used for anything! Therefore thus says the Lord God: Like the wood of the vine among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so have I given up the inhabitants of Jerusalem.” (15:5-6)

1. FINDINGS: The people of Jerusalem are faithless.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God wants his people to be faithful.

3. CONDITION: The inhabitants of Jerusalem are no longer useful for anything says the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: They have acted faithlessly, says the Lord God.

5. EFFECT: I will make the land desolate.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent, return to faithfulness in the Lord God.

PLEASE SEE ALL ARCHIVED POSTS AT: www.jwaministries.net/wp

 

Week #106; Wed, Jan 8: Ezekiel 16-20

Week #106; Wed, Jan 08: Ezekiel 16:1-20:49

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 16, The Lord’s Faithless Bride

I. “Again the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, make known to Jerusalem her abominations, and say, Thus says the Lord God to Jerusalem: Your origin and your birth are of the land of the Canaanites; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite. And as for your birth, on the day you were born your cord was not cut, nor were you washed with water to cleanse you, nor rubbed with salt, nor wrapped in swaddling cloths. No eye pitied you, to do any of these things to you out of compassion for you, but you were cast out on the open field, for you were abhorred, on that day that you were born.” (16:1-5)

A. Inference: “And when I passed by you and saw you wallowing in your blood, I said to you in your blood, ‘Live!’ I said to you in your blood, ‘Live!’ I made you flourish like a plant of the field. And you grew up and became tall and arrived at full adornment. . . . I made my vow to you and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Lord God, and you became mine.” (16:6-8) “But you trusted in your beauty and played the whore because of your renown and lavished your whorings on any passerby; your beauty became his.” (16:15)

1. FINDINGS: Jerusalem’s abominations flourished like a plant of the field.

2. CRITERIA: Faithfulness in the Lord God and not brazen temptation.

3. CONDITION: The beauty of Jerusalem was lavished on all passers.

4. CAUSE: Jerusalem trusted in her own beauty and broke her covenant with the Lord God.

5. EFFECT: Even thou the Lord God declared that Jerusalem was his and he entered into a covenant with her, his vow was not honored and he judged her to be stoned.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The Lord God cut off all of the gifts he bestowed on Jerusalem because of her unfaithfulness; he was provoked to anger. The Lord God judged Jerusalem guilty of unthinkable abominations.

B. Inference: “Because you have not remembered the days of your youth, but have enraged me with all these things, therefore, behold, I have returned your deeds upon your head, declares the Lord God. Have you not committed lewdness in addition to all your abominations. (16:43)

1. FINDINGS: Jerusalem was more corrupt than her neighboring sisters. “Not only did you walk in their ways and do according to their abominations; within a very little time you were more corrupt than they in all your ways.” (16:47)

2. CRITERIA: Keep the covenant with the Lord God and all his ways.

3. CONDITION: Jerusalem maxed out her abominations and broke her covenant with the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: Uncontrollable lust.

5. EFFECT: Jerusalem provoked the anger of the Lord God.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent and return to the Lord God of her youth.

Ezekiel 17, Parable of Two Eagles and a Vine

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, propound a riddle, and speak a parable to the house of Israel; say, Thus says the Lord God: A great eagle with great wings and long pinions, rich in plumage of many colors, came to Lebanon and took the top of the cedar. He broke off the topmost of its young twigs and carried it to a land of trade and set it in a city of merchants. Then he took of the seed of the land and planted it in fertile soil. He placed it beside abundant waters. He set it like a willow twig, and it sprouted and became a low spreading vine, and its branches turned toward him, and its roots remained where it stood. So it became a vine and produced branches and put out boughs. And there was another great eagle with great wings and much plumage, and behold, this vine bent its roots toward him and shot forth its branches toward him from the bed where it was planted, that he might water it. It had been planted on good soil by abundant waters, that it might produce branches and bear fruit and become a noble vine. Say, Thus says the Lord God: Will it thrive? Will he not pull up its roots and cut off its fruit, so that it withers, so that all its fresh sprouting leaves wither? It will not take a strong arm or many people to pull it from its roots. Behold, it is planted; will it thrive? Will it not utterly wither when the east wind strikes it–wither away on the bed where it sprouted?” (17:1-10)

A. Inference: “Then the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Say now to the rebellious house, Do you not know what these things mean? Tell them, behold, the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, and took her king and her princes and brought them to him to Babylon. And he took one of the royal offspring and made a covenant with him, putting him under oath (the chief men of the land he had taken away), that the kingdom might be humble and not lift itself up, and keep his covenant that it might stand. But he rebelled against him by sending his ambassadors to Egypt, that they might give him horses and a large army. Will he thrive? Can one escape who does such things? Can he break the covenant and yet escape?” (17:11-15)

1. FINDINGS: Jerusalem and its king rebelled.

2. CRITERIA: Humility; keep the covenant with the Lord God.

3. CONDITION: Covenant is broken.

4. CAUSE: The kingdom lifted itself up and did not remain humble.

5. EFFECT: The kingdom fell.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Seek humility.

II. “Thus says the Lord God: ‘I myself will take a sprig from the lofty top of the cedar and will set it out. I will break off from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one, and I myself will plant it on a high and lofty mountain.” (17:16-22)

A. Inference: “On the mountain height of Israel will I plant it, that it may bear branches and produce fruit and become a noble cedar. And under it will dwell every kind of bird; in the shade of its branches birds of every sort will nest. And all the trees of the field shall know that I am the Lord; I bring low the high tree, and make high the low tree, dry up the green tree, and make the dry tree flourish. I am the Lord; I have spoken, and I will do it.” (17:23-24)

1. FINDINGS: Broken covenant with the Lord God.

2. CRITERIA: Keep the covenant.

3. CONDITION: Nobles will not escape.

4. CAUSE: Rebelled

5. EFFECT: Oath will be on the nobles head; they will be brought low along with all their troops.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent and seek humility.

Ezekiel 18, The Soul Who Sins Shall Die

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘What do you mean by repeating this proverb concerning the land of Israel, ‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge’? As I live declares the Lord God, this proverb shall no more be used by you in Israel. Behold, all the souls are mine; the soul of the father as well as the soul of the son is mine; the soul who sins shall die.” (18:1-4)

A. Inference: “If a man is righteous and does what is just and right–if he does not eat upon the mountains or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, . . . executes true justice between man and man, walks in my statutes, and keeps my rules by acting faithfully–he is righteous; he shall surely live, declares the Lord God.” (18:5-9)

1. FINDINGS: The kingdom turned to idols and away from the Lord God.

2. CRITERIA: “Execute true justice between man and man, walks in my statutes, and keeps my rules by acting faithfully.” (18:9)

3. CONDITION: Abominations of all sorts are being committed.

4. CAUSE: Turn to the Lord God and restore his covenant.

5. EFFECT: Death.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Return to the Lord God and restore his covenant.

II. “The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not suffer for the iniquity of the father, nor the father suffer for the iniquity of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him self, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.” (18:20)

A. Inference: “But if a wicked person turns away from all his sins that he has committed and keeps all my statutes and does what is just and right, he shall surely live; he shall not die.” (18:21)

1. FINDINGS: The house of Israel says that “The way to the Lord is not just.” (18:25)

2. CRITERIA: The house of Israel should consider and turn away to save his life.

3. CONDITION: The Lord says, “Is it not your ways that are not just?” (18:29)

4. CAUSE: The house of Israel turned to idols and other abominations and away from the Lord.

5. EFFECT: Failure to turn away from idols and other abominations will result in death.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn from idols and other abominations; return to the Lord God and his covenants.

Ezekiel 19, A Lament for the Princes of Israel

I. The princes of Israel are compared to a lion’s cub(s) that grows and learns to catch prey, devouring men. (19:1-3, 5)

A. Inference: “But “then the nations set against him from provinces on every side; they spread their net over him; he was taken in their pit. With hooks they put him in a cage and brought him to the king of Babylon; they brought him into custody, that his voice should no more be heard on the mountains of Israel.” (19:8-9)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . no strong stem remains, no scepter for ruling.” (19:14)

2. CRITERIA: The house of Israel needs good rule by a king that follows the Lord God and his covenants.

3. CONDITION: The house of Israel has no scepter for ruling.

4. CAUSE: The house of Israel turned from the Lord God and his covenants.

5. EFFECT: High vulnerability to surrounding nations, especially Babylon.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent and return to the Lord God and his covenants.

Ezekiel 20, Israel’s Continuing Rebellion

I. “And the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel, and say to them, Thus says the Lord God, Is it to inquire of me that you come? As I live, declares the Lord God, I will not be inquired of by you.” (20:2-3)

A. Inference: “Thus says the Lord God: On the day I chose Israel, I swore to the offspring of the house of Jacob, making myself known to them in the land of Egypt; I swore to them, saying, I am the Lord your God. On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of the land of Egypt into a land that I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most glorious of all lands. And I said to them, Cast away the detestable things your eyes feast on, every one of you, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the Lord your God.” (20:4-7)

1. FINDINGS: “But they rebelled against me and were not willing to listen to me. None of them cast away the detestable things their eyes feasted on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt.” (20:8)

2. CRITERIA: “I gave them my statutes and made known to them my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live. Moreover, I gave them my Sabbaths, as a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord who sanctifies them.” (20:11-12)

3. CONDITION: “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt.” (20:9)

4. CAUSE: “But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness. They did not walk in my statutes but rejected my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live; and my Sabbaths they greatly profaned.” (20:13)

5. EFFECT: “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them in the wilderness, to make a full end of them.” (20:13)

6. RECOMMENDATION: “And I said to the children in the wilderness, Do not walk in the statutes of your fathers, nor keep their rules, nor defile yourselves with their idols. I am the Lord your God; walk in my statutes, and be careful to obey my rules, and keep my Sabbaths holy that they may be a sign between me and you, that you may know that I am the Lord your God.” (20:18-20)

II. But the children rebelled against me. They did not walk in my statutes and were not careful to obey my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live; they profaned my Sabbaths.” (20:21)

A. Inference: “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against them in the wilderness. But I withheld my hand and acted for the sake of my name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, in whose sight I had brought them out.” (20:22)

1. FINDINGS: The children of the house of Israel rebelled against the Lord God.

2. CRITERIA: Walk in the statutes of the Lord God carefully obeying his statutes and rules and upholding his Sabbaths.

3. CONDITION: The children defiled themselves as their fathers whoring after detestable things, presenting their gifts and offering up their children in fire.

4. CAUSE: The children of Israel went after idols of wood and stone to be like the other nations.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God would not be inquired by the elders of Israel.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Stop provoking the Lord God; follow his statutes, and rules; uphold his Sabbaths.

B. Inference: “As I entered into judgment with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will enter into judgment with you, declares the Lord God. I will make you pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant. I will purge out the rebels from among you, and those who transgress against me. I will bring them out of the land where they sojourn, but they shall not enter the land of Israel. Then you will know that I am the Lord.” (20:36-38)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord God is profaned by their gifts and idols.

2. CRITERIA: Follow the statutes and rules of the Lord; uphold his Sabbaths.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God will restore Israel after they have passed under the rod.

4. CAUSE: The people turned against the Lord God for idols.

5. EFFECT: “For on my holy mountain, the mountain height of Israel, declares the Lord God, there all the house of Israel, all of them, shall serve me in the land. There I will accept them, and there I will require your contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your sacred offerings.” (20:40)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Know that the Lord God is he and worship only him and listen to him only. Abandon all corrupt deeds.

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Week #107; Wed, Jan 15: Ezekiel 21-26

Week #107; Wed, Jan 15: Ezekiel 21:1-26:21

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 21, The Lord Has Drawn His Sword

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face toward Jerusalem and preach against the sanctuaries. Prophesy against the land of Israel and say to the land of Israel, Thus says the Lord: Behold, I am against you and will draw my sword from its sheath and will cut off from you both righteous and wicked. Because I will cut off from you both righteous and wicked, therefore my sword shall be drawn from its sheath against all flesh from south to north. And all flesh shall know that I am the Lord. I have drawn my sword from its sheath; it shall not be sheathed again.'” (21:1-5)

A. Inference: “Every heart will melt, and all hands will be feeble; every spirit will faint, and all knees will be weak as water. Behold, it is coming, and it will be fulfilled, declares the Lord God.” (21:7)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord despises everything of wood.

2. CRITERIA: No wooden idols.

3. CONDITION: “Every heart will melt, and all hands will be feeble; every spirit will faint, and all knees will be weak as water.” (21:7)

4. CAUSE: The people forsook the Lord for wooden idols.

5. EFFECT: Cry out and wail, son of man, for it is against my people. It is against all the princes of Israel. They are delivered over to the sword with my people.” (21:12)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Repent, return to the Lord.

B. Inference: “Mark a way for the sword to come to Rabbah of the Ammonites and to Judah, into Jerusalem the fortified.” (21:20)

1. FINDINGS: “For the king of Babylon stands at the parting of the way, at the head of the two ways, to use divination. He shakes the arrows; he consults the seraphim; he looks at the liver. Into his right hand comes the divination for Jerusalem, to set battering rams, to open the mouth with murder, to lift up the voice with shouting, to set battering rams against the gates, to cast up mounds, to build siege towers. (21:21-23)

2. CRITERIA: Have no other gods.

3. CONDITION: “But to them it will seem like a false divination. They have sworn solemn oaths, but he brings their guilt to remembrance, that they may be taken.” (21:23)

4. CAUSE: The people went after other gods.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God is a jealous god and he will draw his sword. (21:28)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await judgment by the Lord God (21:30)

Ezekiel 22, Israel’s Shedding of Blood

I. “And the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘And you, son of man, will you judge, will you judge the bloody city? Then declare to her all her abominations. You shall say, Thus says the Lord God: A city that sheds blood in her midst, so that her time may come, and that makes idols to defile herself! You have become guilty by the blood that you have shed, and defiled by the idols that you have made, and you have brought your days near, the appointed time of your years has come.” (22:1-4)

A. Inference: “Therefore I have made you a reproach to the nations, and a mockery to all the countries. Those who are near and those who are far from you will mock you; your name is defiled; you are full of tumult.” (22:4-5)

1. FINDINGS: “Behold, the princes of Israel in you, every one according to his power, have been bent on shedding blood. Father and mother are treated with contempt in you; the sojourner suffers extortion in your midst; the fatherless and the widow are wronged in you. You have despised my holy things and profaned my Sabbaths. There are men in you who slander to shed blood, and people in you who eat on the mountains; they commit lewdness in your midst. (22:6-9)

2. CRITERIA: Cling to the Lord God and his precepts.

3. CONDITION: “. . . but me you have forgotten, declares the Lord God.” (22:12)

4. CAUSE: The people turned to earthly materials and values.

5. EFFECT: “Behold, I strike my hand at the dishonest gain that you have made, and at the blood that has been in your midst.” (22:13)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God, do all of his precepts, and lament over their ways. Make distinction between the holy and the common, teach the difference between the unclean and the clean, and keep the Sabbaths. (22:26)

Ezekiel 23; Oholah and Oholibah

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, there were two women, the daughters of one mother.” Oholah is Samaria, and Oholibah is Jerusalem. They whored and became defiled. (23:1-26)

A. Inference: “Thus I will put an end to your lewdness and your whoring begun in the land of Egypt, so that you shall not lift up your eyes to them or remember Egypt anymore.” (23:27)

1. FINDINGS: Whoring by Oholah (Samaria) and Oholibah (Jerusalem).

2. CRITERIA: Remain undefiled.

3. CONDITION: Fully defiled.

4. CAUSE: The people turned to earthly materials and values.

5. EFFECT: “For thus says the Lord God: Behold, I will deliver you into the hands of those whom you hate, into the hands of those from whom you turned in disgust, and they shall deal with you in hatred and take away all the fruit of your labor and leave you naked and bare, and the nakedness of your whoring shall be uncovered. Your lewdness and your whoring have brought this upon you, because you played the whore with the nations and defiled yourself with their idols.” (23:28-30)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God, do all of his precepts, and lament over their ways.

II. “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Because you have forgotten me and cast me behind your back, you yourself must bear the consequences of your lewdness and whoring.” (23:35)

A. Inference: “The Lord said to me: ‘Son of man, will you judge Oholah (Samaria) and Oholibah (Jerusalem)? Declare to them their abominations. For they have committed adultery, and blood is on their hands. With their idols that have committed adultery, and they have even offered to them for food the children whom they had borne to me. Moreover, this they have done to me: they have defiled my sanctuary on the same day and profaned my Sabbaths.” (23:36-38)

1. FINDINGS: Abominations of whoring, idol worship, and profaning the Sabbath.

2. CRITERIA: Love the Lord God and follow his precepts.

3. CONDITION: “For thus says the Lord God: ‘Bring up a vast host against them, and make them an object of terror and a plunder. And the host shall stone them and cut them down with their swords. They shall kill their sons and their daughters, and burn up their houses. Thus will I put an end to lewdness in the land, that all women may take warning and not commit lewdness as you have done. And they shall return your lewdness upon you, and you shall bear the penalty for your sinful idolatry, and you shall know that I am the Lord God.'” (23:46-49).

4. CAUSE: The people turned to earthly materials and values.

5. EFFECT: The wrath of God will be turned on them.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God, do all of his precepts, and lament over their ways.

Ezekiel 24, The Siege of Jerusalem

I. “In the ninth year, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, write down the name of this day, this very day. The king of Babylon has laid siege to Jerusalem this very day. And utter a parable to the rebellious house and say to them, Thus says the Lord God” ‘Set on the pot, set it on; pour in water also; put in it the pieces of meat, all the good pieces, the thigh and the shoulder; fill it with choice bones,. Take the choicest one of the flock; pile the logs under it; boil it well; seethe also its bones in it.'” (24:1-5)

A. Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Woe to the bloody city, to the pot whose corrosion is in it, and whose corrosion has not gone out of it! Take out of it piece after piece, without making any choice. For the blood she has shed is in her midst; she put it on the bare rock; she did not put it out on the ground to cover it with dust.” (24:6-7)

1. FINDINGS: “On account of your unclean lewdness, because I would have cleansed you and you were not cleansed from your uncleanness, you shall not be cleansed anymore till I have satisfied my fury upon you.” (24:13)

2. CRITERIA: Love the Lord God and follow his precepts.

3. CONDITION: The fury of the Lord God will deliver wrath on the people.

4. CAUSE: Unclean lewdness.

5. EFFECT: “I am the Lord. I have spoken; it shall come to pass; I will do it. I will not go back; I will not spare; I will not relent; according to your ways and your deeds you will be judged, declares the Lord God. (24:14)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God, do all of his precepts, and lament over their ways.

II. “The word of the Lord came to me: Son of man, behold, I am about to take the delight of your eyes away from you (his wife) at a stroke; yet you shall not mourn or weep, nor shall your tears run down. Sigh, but not aloud; make no mourning for the dead.” (24:15-17)

A. Inference: “So I spoke to the people in the morning, and at evening my wife died. And on the next morning I did as I was commanded.” (24:18)

1. FINDINGS: “Then I said to them, The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Say to the house of Israel Thus says the Lord God: Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the pride of your power, the delight of your eyes, and the yearning of your soul, and your sons and your daughters whom you left behind shall fall by the sword.'” (24:20-21)

2. CRITERIA: “And you shall do as I have done; you shall not cover your lips, nor eat the bread of men. You turbans shall be on your heads and your shoes on your feet; you shall not mourn or weep, but you shall rot away in your iniquities and groan to one another.” (24:19-23)

3. CONDITION: “Thus shall Ezekiel be to you a sign; according to all that he has done you shall do.” (24:24)

4. CAUSE: The Lord God used the death of Ezekiel’s wife as a sign for Israel to replicate when the temple of the Lord God is destroyed.

5. EFFECT: “When this comes, then you will know that I am the Lord God.” (24:24)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Ezekiel was muted at the time of his wife’s death as a way to show Israel how to react when they lose the temple of the Lord God to destruction. The faith that Ezekiel demonstrated is how the Lord God expected the people of Israel to respond to the loss of the temple of the Lord. Like Ezekiel, whose voice was restored, the people would also see restoration through faith.

Ezekiel 25, Prophecy Against Ammon

I. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face toward the Ammonites and prophesy against them. Say to the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord God: Thus says the Lord God, Because you said, ‘Aha!’ over my sanctuary when it was profaned, and over the land of Israel when it was made desolate, and over the house of Judah when they went into exile, therefore behold, I am handing you over to the people of the East for a possession, and they shall set their encampments among you and make their dwellings in your midst. They shall eat your fruit, and they shall drink your milk. I will make Rabbah a pasture for camels and Ammon a fold for flocks. Then you will know that I am the Lord.” (25:1-5)

A. Inference: “For thus says the Lord God: Because you have clapped your hands and stamped your feet and rejoiced with all the malice within your soul against the land of Israel, therefore, behold, I have stretched out my hand against you, and will hand you over as plunder to the nations. And I will cut you off from the peoples and will make you perish out of the countries; I will destroy you. Then you will know that I am the Lord.” (25:6-7)

1. FINDINGS: Ammon mocked Israel when the temple of the Lord God was destroyed.

2. CRITERIA: Come to support the people of Israel.

3. CONDITION: Invaders were allowed to go unimpeded to destroy the sanctuary of the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: “You have clapped your hands and stamped your feet and rejoiced with all the malice within your soul against the land of Israel.” (25:6)

5. EFFECT: The Lord God will turn Ammon over as plunder to the nations and cut them off from the peoples and make them perish out of the countries.”

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God.

II. Thus says the Lord God: Because Moab and Seir said, ‘Behold, the house of Judah is like all the other nations,’ therefore I will lay open the flank of Moab from the cities, from its cities on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim.” (25:8-9)

A. Inference: “I will execute judgments upon Moab. Then they will know that I am the Lord.” (25:11)

1. FINDINGS: Moab and Seir failed to consider Israel as the Lord God’s chosen people.

2. CRITERIA: Know that the Lord is God and Israel is his special people.

3. CONDITION: Lack of recognition of Israel and God’s chosen people.

4. CAUSE: Failure to understand the power of the Lord God.

5. EFFECT: Judgment and wrath on Moab by the Lord God.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God.

B. Inference: “Thus says the Lord God: Because Edom acted revengefully against the house of Judah and has grievously offended in taking vengeance on them, therefore thus says the Lord God, I will stretch out my hand against Edom and cut off from it man and beast. And I will make it desolate; from Teman even to Dedan they shall fall by the sword.” (25:12-14)

1. FINDINGS: The wrath of the Lord God will be exacted on Edom.

2. CRITERIA: No vengeance toward Israel.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God willl exact his vengeance toward Edom.

4. CAUSE: Edom took vengeance toward Israel.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God remembered and will hold Edom accountable to judgment.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God.

C. Inference: “Thus says the Lord God: Because the Philistines acted revengefully and took vengeance with malice of soul to destroy in never-ending enmity, therefore thus says the Lord God, Behold, I will stretch out my hand against the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethites and destroy the rest of the seacoast.” (25:15-16)

1. FINDINGS: “I will execute great vengeance on them with wrathful rebukes. Then they will know that I am the Lord, when I lay my vengeance upon them.” (25:17)

2. CRITERIA: No vengeance toward Judah or Israel.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God will exact his vengeance toward Philistia.

4. CAUSE: Philistia took never-ending enmity and vengeance toward Israel.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God remembered and will hold Philistia accountable to judgment.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God.

Ezekiel 26, Prophecy Against Tyre

I. “In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem, ‘Aha, the gate of the peoples is broken; it has swung open to me. I shall be replenished, now that she is laid waste.'” (26:1-2)

A. Inference: “. . . therefore thus says the Lord God: Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and will bring up many nations against you, as the sea brings up its waves. They shall destroy the walls of Tyre and break down her towers, and I will scrape her soil from her and make her a bare rock. She shall be in the midst of the sea a place for the spreading of nets, for I have spoken, declares the Lord God. And she shall become plunder for the nations, and her daughters on the mainland shall be killed by the sword. Then they will know that I am the Lord.” (26:3-6)

1. FINDINGS: Tyre gloated over the gates of the people becoming broken and swung open.

2. CRITERIA: Peaceful neighbors with the people of the Lord God.

3. CONDITION: Tyre planned to take spoils of war from Israel.

4. CAUSE: Hostility toward Israel.

5. EFFECT: The wrath of the Lord God was kindled.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Await the wrath of the Lord God.

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Week #108; Wed, Jan 22: Ezekiel 27–32

Week #108; Wed, Jan 22: Ezekiel 27:1–32:32

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 27, A Lament for Tyre

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Now you, son of man, raise a lamentation over Tyre, and say to Tyre, who dwells at the entrances to the sea, merchant of the peoples to many coastlands, thus says the Lord God: ‘O Tyre, you have said, I am perfect in beauty.’ Your borders are in the heart of the seas; your builders made perfect your beauty. They made all your planks of fir trees from Senir; they took a cedar from Lebanon to make a mast for you. Of oaks of Bashan they made your oars; they made your deck of pines from the coasts of Cyprus, inlaid with ivory. Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt was your sail, serving as your banner, blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah was your awning, The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your rowers; your skilled men, O Tyre, were in you; they were your pilots. The elders of Gebal and her skilled men were in you, caulking your seams; all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to barter for your wares.” (27:1-9)

A. INFERENCE: Persia, Lud, Put, Arvad, Helech, Gamad, Tarshish, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, Beth-togarmah, Dedan, Syria, Judah, Damascus, Helbon, Shar, Uzal, Arabia, Kedar, Sheba, Raamah, Haran, Canneh, Eden, Asher, and Chilmad have worked in your industry and markets filled and heavy laden in the heart of the seas.” (27:10-25)

1. FINDINGS: High seas and wind has wrecked you. Your riches, wares, merchandise, mariners, pilots, warriors, sink into the heart of the seas on the day of your fall. All in Tyre weep over you. In their wailing they raise a lamentation for you and lament over you.

2. CRITERIA: Do not profane God with your wealth.

3. CONDITION: Over-developed pride over wealth.

4. CAUSE: Wealth made their hearts like the heart of a god

5. EFFECT: The wrath of God was brought against Tyre and other foreign nations.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Get right with the Lord God.

Ezekiel 28, Prophecy Against the Prince of Tyre

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, say to the prince of Tyre, Thus says the Lord God: ‘Because your heart is proud, and you have said, ‘I am a god, I sit in the seat of the gods, in the heart of the seas,’ yet you are but a man, and no god, though you make your heart like the heart of a god–you are indeed wiser than Daniel; no secret is hidden from you; by your wisdom and understanding you have made wealth for yourself, and have gathered gold and silver into your treasuries; by your great wisdom in your trade you have increased your wealth, and your heart has become proud in your wealth.'” (28:1-5)

A. INFERENCE: “. . . therefore, behold, I will bring foreigners upon you, the most ruthless of the nations; and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom and defile your splendor.” (28:6-7)

1. FINDINGS: “. . . you are but man, and no god, in the hands of those who slay you . . .” (28:9)

2. CRITERIA: Humility.

3. CONDITION: Pride.

4. CAUSE: Temptation to follow after the treasures of the world for protection and power.

5. EFFECT: Earthly treasures won’t last.

6. RECOMMENDATION:  Rest upon long range values from the Lord God.

II. KEY TEXT: “Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, raise a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say to him, Thus says the Lord God: ‘You were the signet of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. You were in Eden, the garden of God, every precious stone was your covering . . . On the day that you were created they were prepared. You were an anointed guardian cherub [pertains to Ex. 25:20; 1 Kgs. 8:7]. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked. You were blameless in your  ways from the day you were created till unrighteousness was found in you. In the abundance of your trade you were filled with violence in your midst, and you have sinned; . . . ” (28:1-16)

A. INFERENCE: “. . . so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God and I destroyed you, O guardian cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.” (28:16)

1. FINDINGS: “Your heart was proud because of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor.” (28:17) Unrighteousness, violence.

2. CRITERIA: Righteousness, peace.

3. CONDITION: Multitude of iniquities in trade, profaned the sanctuaries.

4. CAUSE: Pride and self confidence.

5. EFFECT: “I brought fire out from your midst; it consumed you, and I turned you to ashes on the earth in the sight of all who saw you.” (28:18)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Turn to the righteousness of the Lord God and all of his ways.

III. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face toward Sidon, and prophesy against her and say, Thus says the Lord God: ‘Behold, I am against you, O Sidon, and I will manifest my glory in your midst. And they shall know that I am the Lord when I execute judgments in her and manifest my holiness in her; for I will send pestilence into her, and blood into her streets; and the slain shall fall in her midst, by the sword that is against her on every side.” (28:20-23)

A. INFERENCE: “Then they will know that I am the Lord.” (28:23)

1. FINDINGS: Sidon treated his people with contempt.

2. CRITERIA: Dwell in harmony with his people.

3. CONDITION: The people of the Lord God are in exile.

4. CAUSE: Contempt for his people.

5. EFFECT: “And for the house of Israel there shall be no more a brier to prick or a thorn to hurt them among all their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. Then they will know that I am the Lord God.” (28:24-26)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lament for Sidon. Israel will be gathered in security.

Ezekiel 29, Prophecy Against Egypt

I. KEY TEXT: “In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: Son of man, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him and against all Egypt, speak and say, Thus says the Lord God: . . . To the beasts of the earth and to the birds of the heavens I give you as food.” (29:1-5)

A. INFERENCE: “Then all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I am the Lord.” (29:6)

1. FINDINGS: “Because you have been a staff of reed to the house of Israel, when they grasped you with the hand, you broke and tore all their shoulders; and when they leaned on you, you broke and made all their loins to shake.” (29:6-7)

2. CRITERIA: God’s people needed his Spirit in their hearts and a willingness to obey his commandments, but without it, they were defeated and exiled.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God’s delivered his oracle to Ezekiel against Egypt and the other foreign nations that were hostile to Israel.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God used foreign nations to overthrow Israel because they were dead in spirit toward the Lord. Now he is rebuilding his people with the promise to give dead exiled Israel and Judah new flesh and life through the Spirit. All covenant promises past and future will be kept, because God will pour out his Spirit on the people.

5. EFFECT: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Behold, I will bring a sword upon you, and will cut off from you man and beast, and the land of Egypt shall be a desolation and a waste.” (29:8)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lament for Egypt for the Lord God will make the land uninhabited for forty years. He will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them through the countries. (29:12)

II. KEY TEXT: “In the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made his army labor hard against Tyre. Every head was made bald, and every shoulder was rubbed bare, yet neither he nor his army got anything from Tyre to pay for the labor that he had performed against her.” (29:18)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Behold, I will give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and he shall carry off its wealth and despoil it and plunder it; and it shall be the wages for his army. I have given him the land of Egypt as his payment for which he labored, because they worked for me, declares the Lord God.” (29:19-20)

1. FINDINGS: Babylon worked for the Lord God to destroy Egypt.

2. CRITERIA: “On that day I will cause a horn to spring up for the house of Israel, and I will open your lips among them. Then they will know that I am the Lord.” (29:21)

3. CONDITION: The Lord God is using Babylon to conquer Egypt even though Nebuchadnezzar conquered Israel and took his people into exile.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God was preparing for restoration of Israel and he used Nebuchadnezzar to do his work against Egypt.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God caused a horn [Ps. 132:17 and Luke 1:69 pertain] to spring up for the house of Israel. (29:21)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lament for Egypt and watch what the Lord God will do to prepare a path for his people to eternal salvation.

Ezekiel 30, A Lament for Egypt

I. KEY TEXT:: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord God: ‘Wail, Alas for the day!’ For the day is near, the day of the Lord is near; it will be a day of clouds, a time of doom for the nations. A sword shall come upon Egypt, and anguish shall be in Cush, when the slain fall in Egypt, and her wealth is carried away, and her foundations are torn down.'” (30:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: “I will put an end to the wealth of Egypt, by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. He and his people with him , the most ruthless of nations, shall be brought in to destroy the land, and they shall draw their swords against Egypt and fill the land with the slain. I will bring desolation upon the land and everything in it, by the hand of foreigners; I am the Lord; I have spoken. Thus says the Lord God: ‘I will destroy the idols and put an end to the images in Memphis; there shall no longer be a prince from the land of Egypt; so I will put fear in the land of Egypt.'” (30:10-13)

1. FINDINGS: Egypt shall fall to Babylon.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God is using Babylon to defeat Egypt and help prepare a way for his people to be restored.

3. CONDITION: Egypt shall fall by the sword by Babylon per the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God will put an end of the wealth in Egypt. (30:10)

5. EFFECT: The Lord God will dry up the Nile in Egypt. He will bring desolation upon the land and everything in it. He will destroy the idols and put an end to the images in Memphis. (30:12-13)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lament for Egypt and watch what the Lord God will do to prepare a path for his people to salvation.

Ezekiel 31, Pharaoh to Be Slain

I. KEY TEXT: “Thus says the Lord God: On the day the cedar went down to Sheol I caused mourning: I closed the deep over it, and restrained its rivers and many waters were stopped, I clothed Lebanon in gloom for it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it. I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall, when I cast it down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit.” (31:15-16)

A. INFERENCE: “Whom are you thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? You shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below. You shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, declares the Lord God.” (31:18)

1. FINDINGS: The demise of Pharaoh at the hands of Babylon is in the Lord God’s plan for restoring Israel.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God is using Babylon to defeat Egypt and help prepare a way for his people to be restored.

3. CONDITION: Egypt shall fall by the sword by Babylon per the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: The same Spirit that has entered Ezekiel will one day enter God’s people leading them to repent and return to their land while keeping their covenants with the Lord God. The Lord God is making preparations for that day.

5. EFFECT: The promised renewal in Leviticus 26:3-45 and Deuteronomy 30:1-10 will unfold under the Lord God’s direct supervision in accordance with his master plan.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lament for Egypt and watch what the Lord God will do to prepare a path for his people to salvation.

Ezekiel 32, A Lament Over Pharaoh and Egypt

I. KEY TEXT:: “. . . the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt and say to him: You consider yourself a lion of the nations, but you are like a dragon in the seas; you burst forth in your rivers, trouble the waters with your feet, and foul their rivers. Thus says the Lord God: I will throw my net over you with a host of many peoples, and they will haul you up in my dragnet. And I will cast you on the ground; on the open field I will fling you, and will cause all the birds of the heavens to settle on you, and I will gorge the beasts of the whole earth with you. I will strew your flesh upon the mountains and fill the valleys with your carcass. I will drench the land even to the mountains with your flowing blood, and the ravines will be full of you. When I blot you out, I will cover the heavens and make their stars dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give its light. All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over you, and put darkness on you land, declares the Lord.'” (32:1-8)

A. INFERENCE: “This is a lamentation that shall be chanted; the daughters of the nations shall chant it; over Egypt, and over all her multitude, shall they chant it, declares the Lord God.” (32:16)

1. FINDINGS: Pride.

2. CRITERIA: Humility.

3. CONDITION: Egypt shall fall by the sword by Babylon per the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: The same Spirit that has entered Ezekiel will one day enter God’s people leading them to repent and return to their land while keeping their covenants with the Lord God. The Lord God is making preparations for that day and beyond to eternity.

5. EFFECT: The promised renewal in Leviticus 26:3-45 and Deuteronomy 30:1-10 will unfold under the Lord God’s direct supervision in accordance with his master plan.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Lament for Egypt and watch what the Lord God will do to prepare a path for his people to salvation.

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Week #109; Wed. Jan 29: Ezekiel 33–37

Week #109; Wed, Jan 29: Ezekiel 33:1–37:28

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Ezekiel 33, Ezekiel Is Israel’s Watchman

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, speak to your people and say to them, If I bring the sword upon a land, and the people of the land take a man from among them, and make him their watchman, and if he sees the sword coming upon the land and blows the trumpet and warns the people, then if anyone who hears the sound of the trumpet does not take warning, and the sword comes and takes him away, his blood shall be upon his own head.'” (33:1-4)

A. INFERENCE: “But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet, so that the people are not warned, and the sword comes and takes any one of them, that person is taken away in his iniquity, but his blood I will require at the watchman’s hand.” (33:6)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord God set up tasks for the watchman complete with severe consequences if not properly conducted.

2. CRITERIA: The watchmen cited above was tasked with Divine orders as cited above; today they have demanding standards for conduct too as we see below:

“The U.S. Marine Corps general orders describe the standards for which guard duty is to be currently conducted:

    1. To take charge of this post and all government property in view.
    2. To walk my post in a military manner, keeping always on the alert, and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing.
    3. To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce.
    4. To repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guard house than my own.
    5. To quit my post only when properly relieved.
    6. To receive, obey and pass on to the sentry who relieves me, all orders from the Commanding Officer, Officer of the Day, Officers, and Non-Commissioned Officers of the guard only.
    7. To talk to no one except in the line of duty.
    8. To give the alarm in case of fire or disorder.
    9. To call the Corporal of the Guard in any case not covered by instructions.
    10. To salute all officers and all colors and standards not cased.
    11. To be especially watchful at night, and, during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass without proper authority.”

3. CONDITION: “So you, son of man, I have made a watchman for the house of Israel. Whenever you hear a word from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me. If I say to the wicked, O wicked one, you shall surely die, and you do not speak to warn the wicked to turn from his way, that wicked person shall die in his iniquity, but his blood I will require at your hand. But if you warn the wicked to turn from his way, and he does not turn from his way, that person shall die in his iniquity, but you will have delivered your soul.” (33:7-9)

4. CAUSE: The Lord God desired that the wicked be informed of pending disaster if they do not turn from their wickedness; Ezekiel was tasked to be a reliable messenger.

5. EFFECT: Failure to perform messenger duties for the Lord God results in dire consequences to the soul.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Memorize and faithfully execute the Lord God’s duties of watchman.

II. KEY TEXT: “And you, son of man, say to the house of Israel, Thus have you said: ‘Surely our transgressions and our sins are upon us, and we rot away because of them. How then can we live?'” (33:10)

A. INFERENCE: “Say to them, As I live, declares the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways, for why will you die, O house of Israel?'” (33:11)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord God wants the wicked to turn from their evil ways.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God will not condone wicked ways.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God is waiting while sending Ezekiel as a messenger with instruction to his people.

4. CAUSE: Failure for the people to accept harsh penalties for their transgressions and sins.

5. EFFECT: Turn from transgressions and sins or face death.

6. RECOMMENDATION: “And, when the wicked turns from his wickedness and does what is just and right, he shall live by this. Yet you say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.’ O house of Israel, I will judge each of you according to his ways.” (33:19-20) The people of Israel need to turn or burn. (Ps. 7:12-13 pertains)

Ezekiel 34, Prophecy Against the Shepherds of Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy, and say to them, even to the shepherds, Thus says the Lord God: Ah, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not shepherds feed the sheep?” (34:1-2)

A. INFERENCE: “Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord: As I live, declares the Lord God, surely because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food for all the wild beasts, since there was no shepherd, because my shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed my sheep, therefore you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord: Thus says the Lord God, Behold, I am against the shepherds, and I will require my sheep at their hand and put a stop to their feeding the sheep. No longer shall the shepherds feed themselves. I will rescue my sheep from their mouths, that they may not be food for them.” (34:7-10)

1. FINDINGS: The shepherds of Israel have been feeding themselves rather than the sheep.

2. CRITERIA: No longer shall the shepherds feed themselves. I will rescue my sheep from their mouths, that they may not be food for them.

3. CONDITION: The shepherds of Israel have been feeding themselves rather than the sheep.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God’s shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed his sheep.

5. EFFECT: I will rescue my sheep from their mouths, that they may not be food for them.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The shepherds of the Lord God should feed his sheep and not themselves.

II. KEY TEXT: “For thus says the Lord God: Behold, I, I myself will search for my sheep and will seek them out. As a shepherd seeks out his flock when he is among his sheep that have been scattered, so will I seek out my sheep, and I will rescue them from all places where they have been scattered on a day of clouds and thick darkness.” (34:11-12)

A. INFERENCE: “And I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries, and will bring them into their own land. And I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the ravines, and in all the inhabited places of the country.” (35:11-13)

1. FINDINGS: “I myself will be the shepherd of my sheep, and I myself will make them lie down, declares the Lord God.” (35:15)?

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God will take charge himself to restore his people.

3. CONDITION: “I will seek the lost, and I will bring back the strayed, and I will bind up the injured, and I will strengthen the weak, and the fat and the strong I will destroy. I will feed them in justice.” (35:16)

4. CAUSE: The Lord God could not trust his shepherds of his sheep to tend his sheep with good care.

5. EFFECT: “I will rescue my flock; they shall no longer be a prey. And I will judge between sheep and sheep. And I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he shall feed them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd. And I, the Lord, will be their God, and my servant David shall be prince among them. I am the Lord; I have spoken.” (35:22-24)

6. RECOMMENDATION: David, the Lord God’s choice for one shepherd, should shepherd his sheep; showers of blessing to follow.

Ezekiel 35, Prophecy Against Mount Seir

I. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face against Mount Seir, and prophesy against it, and say to it, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, I am against you, Mount Seir, and I will stretch out my hand against you, and I will make you a desolation and a waste. I will lay your cities waste, and you shall become a desolation, and you shall know that I am the Lord. Because you cherished perpetual enmity and gave over the people of Israel to the power of the sword at the time of their calamity, at the time of their final punishment, . . . ” (35:1-5)

A. INFERENCE: “. . . therefore, as I live, declares the Lord God, I will prepare you for blood, and blood shall pursue you; because you did not hate bloodshed, therefore blood shall pursue you. I will make Mount Seir a waste and a desolation, and I will cut off form it all who come and go.” (35:6-8)

1. FINDINGS: Mount Seir cherished perpetual enmity and gave over the people of Israel to the power of the sword at the time of their calamity, at the time of their final punishment.

2. CRITERIA: Harmony with the Lord God and his people Israel.

3. CONDITION: “I have heard all the reviling that you uttered against the mountains of Israel, saying, They are laid desolate; they are given us to devour. And you magnified yourselves against me with your mouth, and multiplied your words against me; I heard it.” (35:12-13)

4. CAUSE: Mount Seir gave over the people of Israel to the power of the sword because of their perpetual enmity.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God will prepare Mount Seir for blood and sword.

6. RECOMMENDATION: The Lord God will make the cities of Mount Seir a desolation and a waste.

Ezekiel 36, Prophecy to the Mountains of Israel

I. KEY TEXT: “And you, son of man, prophesy to the mountains of Israel, and say, O mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord. Thus says the Lord God: Because the enemy said of you, ‘Aha!” and, ‘The ancient heights have become our possession, ‘ therefore prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord God: Precisely because they made you desolate and crushed you from all sides, so that you became the possession of the rest of the nations, and you became the talk of evil gossip of the people, . . . ” (36:1-3)

A. INFERENCE: “. . . therefore, O mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God: Thus says the Lord God to the mountains and the hills, the ravines and the valleys, the desolate wastes and the deserted cities, which have become a prey and derision to the rest of the nations all around, therefore thus says the Lord God: Surely I have spoken in my hot jealousy against the rest of the nations and against all Edom, who gave my land to themselves as a possession with wholehearted joy and utter contempt, that they might make its pasturelands a prey. Therefore prophesy concerning the land of Israel, and say to the mountains and hills, to the ravines and valleys, Thus says the Lord God” Behold, I have spoken in my jealous wrath, because you have suffered the reproach of the nations. Therefore thus says the Lord God: I swear that the nations that are all around you shall themselves suffer reproach.” (36:4-7)

1. FINDINGS: The enemy nations all around said the ancient heights have become our possession.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God said to the mountains of Israel, “behold, I am for you, and I will turn to you, and you shall be tilled and sown.”

3. CONDITION: The mountains of Israel suffered the reproach and became prey and derision to the rest of the nations all around.

4. CAUSE: Contempt by the rest of the nations toward the mountains of Israel; intent to turn the land into pasture land to the nations all around.

5. EFFECT: The mountains of Israel, will soon come home from exile. The Lord God will “multiply people on you, the whole house of Israel, all of it. The cities shall be inhabited and the waste places rebuilt. And I will multiply on you man and beast, and they shall multiply and be fruitful. And I will cause you to be inhabited as in your former times, and will do more good to you than ever before.” (36:10-11)

6. RECOMMENDATION: Because the mountains of Israel suffered reproach by the nations all around, they themselves will suffer reproach.

II. KEY TEXT: “I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules.” (36:25-27)

A. INFERENCE: It appears a heart transplant is planned for the people of Israel. Their heart was far away from the Lord God and resulted in exile. A new heart implant that is flesh, not stone is on the way. (36:26-27)

1. FINDINGS: The people of Israel need a new heart and spirit to comply with his statutes and his rules.

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God will give the people of Israel a heart of flesh that will enable them to walk in his statutes and obey his rules.

3. CONDITION: The Lord God is conducting a cleansing process on the people of Israel.

4. CAUSE: The people of Israel turned to idols and were exiled.

5. EFFECT: A new heart and spirit is needed for the people of Israel to provide the means for them to walk in his statutes and obey his rules.

6. RECOMMENDATION: A new heart and spirit needs to be included in preparation for the people of Israel to return home from exile and walk in the statutes and rules of the Lord God.

Ezekiel 37; The Valley of Dry Bones

I. KEY TEXT: “The hand of the Lord was upon me, and he brought me out in the Spirit of the Lord and set me down in the middle of the valley; it was full of bones. And he led me around among them, and behold, there were very many on the surface of the valley, and behold, they were very dry. And he said to me, ‘Son of man, can these bones live?’ And I answered, ‘O Lord God, you know.’ Then he said to me, ‘Prophesy over these bones, and say to them, O dry bones, hear the word of the Lord. Thus says the Lord God to these bones: Behold, I will cause breath to enter you, and you shall live. And I will lay sinews upon you, and will cause flesh to come upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live, and you shall know the I am the Lord.'” (37:1-6)

A. INFERENCE: “So, I prophesied as I was commanded. And as I prophesied, there was a sound, and behold, a rattling, and the bones came together, bone to its bone. And I looked, and behold there were sinews on them, and flesh had come upon them, and skin had covered them. But there was no breath in them. Then he said to me, ‘Prophesy to the breath; prophesy, son of man, and say to the breath, Thus says the Lord God: Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe on these slain, that they may live.’ So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived and stood on their feet, an exceedingly great army.” (37:7-10)

1. FINDINGS: “Then he said to me, ‘Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Behold, they say, Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are indeed cut off.’ Therefore prophesy, and say to them, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, I will open your graves and raise you from your graves, O my people. And I will bring you into the land of Israel. (37:11-12)

2. CRITERIA: The Lord God will give the people of Israel a heart of flesh that will enable them to walk in his statutes and obey his rules.

3. CONDITION: The restoration of the dry bones illustrates restoration of the people Israel from exile; they will have a new heart and spirit at their return. They will be able to then follow the statutes and rules of the Lord God.

4. CAUSE: The Lord God’s master plan for restoration of the people of Israel demonstrates how he will restore the present dry bones for our return to his perfect kingdom.

5. EFFECT: The Lord God will be their/our God as they/we are raised from their/our graves upon hearing and believing Ezekiel’s prophesy and when we hear and believe the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Hear and believe the Lord God; be his people.

II. KEY TEXT: “The word of the Lord come to me: ‘Son of man, take a stick and write on it, ‘For Judah, and the people of Israel associated with him’; then take another stick and write on it, ‘For Joseph (the stick of Ephraim and all the house of Israel associated with him.’ And join them one to another into one stick, that they may become one in your hand. And when your people say to you, ‘Will you not tell us what you mean by these?’ say to them, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, I am about to take the stick of Joseph (that is in the hand of Ephraim) and the tribes of Israel associated with him. And I will join with it the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, that they may be one in my hand. When the sticks on which you write are in your hand before their eyes, then say to them, Thus says the Lord God; Behold, I will take the people of Israel from the nations among which they have gone, and will gather them from all around, and bring them to their own land. And I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel. And one king shall be king over them all, and they shall be no longer two nations, and no longer divided into two kingdoms. They shall not defile themselves anymore with their idols and their detestable things, or with any of their transgressions. But I will save them from all the backsliding in which they have sinned, and will cleanse them; and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.” (37:15-23)

A. INFERENCE: “My servant David shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules and be careful to obey my statutes. They shall dwell in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They and their children and their children’s children shall dwell there forever, and David my servant shall be their prince forever. I will make a covenant of peace with them, It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in their midst forevermore. My dwelling place shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Then the nations will know that I am the Lord who sanctifies Israel, when my sanctuary is in their midst forevermore.” (37:24-28)

1. FINDINGS: The Lord God is preparing his people to return from exile into one land and one people with David as their shepherd with his sanctuary in their midst forevermore.

2. CRITERIA: Surrender to the Lord God, claim a new heart and spirt to walk in his statutes and his rules with David as one leader.

3. CONDITION: Going home to their Lord God in Israel as his people.

4. CAUSE: The people of Israel and Judah defiled themselves with idols and detestable things backsliding until the Lord God used their enemies to take them captive as exiles.

5. EFFECT: Welcome home to one in the Lord God.

6. RECOMMENDATION: Welcome the chance to become one with all of Israel and one with the Lord God at the feet of his sanctuary forevermore.

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