Week #101; Wed, Dec 04: Jeremiah 42:1–48:47

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:

I. A personal Biblical yardstick helps study the Bible.

A. This is mine:

  1. The Lamb’s Book of Life was compiled with our names before the foundation of the world.
  2. Isaiah 14 addresses the war in heaven and Satans fall along with his not so angelic followers.
  3. Lucifer’s pride escaped his internal controls and he and his followers exercised their free-will to contend with God over ruling God’s kingdom, a big mistake although God knew the outcome before hand.
  4. The split resulted in a ratio of 2/3 of the angels opting for God’s side and 1/3 of the angels opting for Lucifer’s side.
  5. When humans were created, God gave them free-will just like the angels.
  6. Our free-will to exercise our choice to follow God or not has similar consequences as the angels.
  7. We will soon read how Jesus died for all; however, God will only accept believers back into His kingdom.
  8. God already knows who will become a believer and He sealed their names in the Lamb’s Book of Life before the foundation of the world; blasphemy results in a name being deleted from the Lamb’s Book of Life.
  9. God does condemn some and does not want them back in His kingdom.
  10. God wants a restored pure kingdom where He will know that believers want to be on His side and not Satan’s side.
  11. So, our earthly environment is a temporary testing or proving ground.
  12. Yet, God knows the eternal outcome of our free-will choices that we make now here on earth.
  13. He is testing us now with His free-grace to make a free-will choice to believe in Jesus.
  14. God sent Jesus to die for all, but we have to believe in Him and more than that, we must develop our relationship with Him from that point on.
  15. Interlocking fingers depicts how tight our relationship with Jesus should be.

B. Inference: Read on, Scripture gets richer and richer, particularly if it is read as one voice of God.

II. Upon currently hearing the prophets, it brings us to a point where some inward reflection is good.

A. Colossians 3 isolates three important words: above, earth, and below. When directions are applied to these words, they render a vertical, horizontal, and transverse context that can be labeled God, earthly, and evil respectively.

B. When reading Scripture, the current topic can then be analyzed in an X, Y, and Z context and mentally plotted by pinpointing the following:

  1. Finding(s): Abnormality(ies)?
  2. Criteria: Basis for good results?
  3. Condition: What’s happening?
  4. Cause: How or why did the condition happen?
  5. Effect: Impact?
  6. Recommendation: Resolution for the condition/cause?

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Jeremiah 42, Warning Against Going to Egypt

I. “Then all the commanders of the forces, and Johanan the son Kereah and Jezaniah the son of Hoshaiah, and all the people from the least to the greatest, came near and said to Jeremiah the prophet, ‘Let our plea for mercy come before you, and pray to the Lord your God for us, for all this remnant (that did not go into exile)–because we are left with but a few, as your eyes see us–that the Lord your God may show us the way we should go, and the thing that we should do.'” (42:1-3)

A. Inference: “Jeremiah the prophet said to them, ‘I have heard you. Behold, I will pray to the Lord your God according to your request, and whatever the Lord answers you I will tell you. I will keep nothing back from you.'” (42:4)

  1. Finding: Jeremiah agrees to pray for the people who wanted to be shown the way they should go, and the thing that they should do.
  2. Criteria: Uncertain future; need for mercy.
  3. Condition: The people are living under captivity by the king of Babylon even though they were left behind those that were taken into exile.
  4. Cause: The people are living in fear of the king of Babylon; they did not obey God’s Word.
  5. Effect: Desperation.
  6. Recommendation: Listen to Jeremiah; adhere to God’s Word.

B. Inference: “Then they said to Jeremiah, ‘May the Lord be a true and faithful witness against us if we do not act according to all the word with which the Lord our God sends you to us. Whether it is good or bad, we will obey the voice of the Lord our God to whom we are sending you, that it may be well with us when we obey the voice of the Lord our God.” (42:5-6)

  1. Finding: Jeremiah intercedes for the people to the Lord when they promise to obey the voice of the Lord God.
  2. Criteria: Promises to obey the Lord as revealed by Jeremiah.
  3. Condition: The people are living under captivity by the king of Babylon.
  4. Cause: The people are living in fear of the king of Babylon.
  5. Effect: Desperation
  6. Recommendation: Keep promises made to Jeremiah

II. “At the end of ten days the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah. Then he summoned Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces who were with him, and all the people from the least to the greatest, and said to them, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, to whom you sent me to present your plea for mercy before him: If you will remain in this land, then I will build you up and not pull you down; I will plant you, and not pluck you up; for I relent of the disaster that I did to you. Do not fear the king of Babylon, of whom you are afraid. Do not fear him, declares the Lord, for I am with you, to save you and to deliver you from his hand. I will grant you mercy, that he may have mercy on you and let you remain in your own land.” (42:7-12)

A. Inference: “But if you say, ‘We will not remain in this land,’ disobeying the voice of the Lord your God and saying, ‘No, we will go to the land of Egypt, where we shall not see war or hear the sound of the trumpet or be hungry for bread, and we will dwell there, then hear the word of the Lord, O remnant of Judah. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: If you set your faces to enter Egypt and go to live there, then the sword that you fear shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine of which you are afraid shall follow close after you to Egypt, and there you shall die. (42:13-15)

  1. Finding: The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah and he told the people that the Lord said not to fear the king of Babylon; the Lord will save you and deliver you from his hand, and you may remain in your own land.
  2. Criteria: “The Lord has said to you, O remnant of Judah, ‘Do not go to Egypt.'” (42:19)
  3. Condition: The people (the remnant of Judah) are living under captivity by the king of Babylon.
  4. Cause: The fall of Jerusalem, Israel, and Judah.
  5. Effect: “Now therefore know for a certainty that you shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence in the place where you desire to go to live.” (42:22)
  6. Recommendation: Do not go to Egypt; stay in Judah where the Lord wants you when his untold greater plan unfolds.

Jeremiah 43, Jeremiah Taken to Egypt

I. “When Jeremiah finished speaking to all the people all these words of the Lord their God, with which the Lord their God had sent him to them, Azariah the son of Hoshaiah and Johanan the son of Kareah and all the insolent men said to Jeremiah, ‘You are telling a lie. The Lord our God did not send you to say, ‘Do not go to Egypt to live there,’ but Baruch the son of Neriah has set you against us, to deliver us into the hand of the Chaldeans, that they may kill us or take us into exile in Babylon.'” (43:1-3)

A. Inference: “So Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces and all the people did not obey the voice of the Lord, to remain in the land of Judah. But Johanan the son Kareah and all the commanders of the forces took all the remnant of Judah who had returned to live in the land of Judah from all the nations to which they had been driven” (43:4-5)

  1. Finding: Judah’s remnant that did not go to Babylon accused Jeremiah of lying about the voice of God about remaining in the land of Judah and not go to Egypt.
  2. Criteria: God commanded (through Jeremiah) the remnant of Judah not go to Egypt.
  3. Condition: The people (the remnant of Judah) are living under captivity by the king of Babylon.
  4. Cause: The fall of Jerusalem and Judah to Babylon.
  5. Effect: Desperation and fear.
  6. Recommendation: Listen to Jeremiah; the remnant should stay in Judah.

B. Inference: “But Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces took all the remnant of Judah who had returned to live in the land of Judah from all the nations to which they had been driven . . . also Jeremiah the prophet and Baruch the son of Neriah. And they came into the land of Egypt, for they did not obey the voice of the Lord.” (43:6-7)

  1. Finding: The remnant of Judah, Jeremiah and Baruch were taken to Egypt by Johanan and all the commanders of the forces against the voice of the Lord.
  2. Criteria: The voice of the Lord commanded the remnant of Judah to stay in their land and not go to Egypt.
  3. Condition: The remnant left for Egypt against the voice of the Lord.
  4. Cause: The remnant of Judah were afraid of the Chaldeans.
  5. Effect: The remnant of Judah disobeyed the voice of the Lord, setting up harsh judgment by the Lord.
  6. Recommendation: Resist going against the voice of the Lord.

C. Inference: “Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah in Tahpanhes: ‘Take in your hands large stones and hide them in the mortar in the pavement that is at the entrance to Pharaoh’s palace in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah, and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and I will set his throne above these stones that I have hidden, and he will spread his royal canopy over them. He shall come and strike the land of Egypt, giving over to the pestilence those who are doomed to the pestilence, to captivity those who are doomed to captivity, and to the sword, those who are doomed to the sword.” (43:8-11)

  1. Finding: Nebuchadnezzar will come and strike the land of Egypt
  2. Criteria: The voice of the Lord commanded the remnant of Judah to stay in their land and not go to Egypt.
  3. Condition: The remnant disobeyed the voice of the Lord.
  4. Cause: Their fear of Nebuchadnezzar and war was stronger than their trust in the Lord.
  5. Effect: In disobeying the Lord, they subjected themselves to the wrath of the Lord.
  6. Recommendation: Return to the voice of the Lord as soon as possible, believe Jeremiah, and obey the Lord.

Jeremiah 44, Judgment for Idolatry

I. “The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Judeans who lived in the land of Egypt, at Migdol, at Tahpanhes, at Memphis, and in the land of Pathros, Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘You have seen all the disaster that I brought upon Jerusalem and upon all the cities of Judah. Behold, this day they are a desolation, and no one dwells in them, because of the evil that they committed, provoking me to anger, in that they went to make offerings and serve other gods that they knew not, neither they, nor you, nor your fathers.'” (44:1-3)

A. Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I will set my face against you for harm, to cut off all Judah.'” (44:11)

  1. Finding: The remnant went to make offerings and serve other gods.
  2. Criteria: The Lord condemns Judah for falling away from the voice and word of the Lord.
  3. Condition: The remnant is at great risk from condemnation by the Lord.
  4. Cause: The remnant served other gods and made offerings to those gods.
  5. Effect: The Lord considers the acts by the remnant idolatry.
  6. Recommendation: Dump the idols and return to the Lord.

B. Inference: “Then Jeremiah said to all the people, men and women, all the people who had given him this answer: ‘As for the offerings that you offered in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, you and your fathers, your kings and your officials, and the people of the land, did not the Lord remember them? Did it not come into his mind? The Lord could no longer bear your evil deeds and the abominations that you committed. Therefore your land has become a desolation and a waste and a curse, without inhabitants, as it is this day. It is because you made offerings and because you sinned against the Lord and did not obey the voice of the Lord or walk in his law and in his statutes and in his testimonies that this disaster has happened to you, as at this day.'” (44:20-23)

  1. Finding: The people of Judah made offerings to other gods and sinned against the Lord
  2. Criteria: The voice of the Lord remembers the deeds of the remnant.
  3. Condition: The Lord is breaking down what he built.
  4. Cause: It is because you made offerings and because you sinned against the Lord and did not obey the voice of the Lord or walk in his law and in his statutes and in his testimonies that this disaster has happened to you, as at this day. (44:23)
  5. Effect: Their land has become a desolation and a waste and a curse, without inhabitants.
  6. Recommendation: Repent quickly, return to the Lord.

Jeremiah 45, Message to Baruch

I. “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, to you , O Baruch: you said, ‘Woe is me For the Lord has added sorrow to my pain. I am weary with my groaning, and I find no rest.'” (45:2-3)

A. Inference: “Thus shall you say to him, Thus says the Lord: Behold, what I have built I am breaking down, and what I have planted I am plucking up–that is, the whole land. And do you seek great things for yourself? Seek them not, for behold, I am bring disaster upon all flesh, declares the Lord.” (45:4)

  1. Finding: Baruch laments.
  2. Criteria: God’s word on pending disaster.
  3. Condition: Do not seek great things for yourself.
  4. Cause: Disaster is coming to all flesh.
  5. Effect: Doom and despair.
  6. Recommendation: Accept and obey the voice of the Lord.

B. Inference: “But I will give you your life as a prize of war in all places to which you may go.” (45:5)

  1. Finding: Baruch hears some good news.
  2. Criteria: The Lord gives Baruch his life.
  3. Condition: Baruch’s life is spared by the Lord.
  4. Cause: A prize of war.
  5. Effect: Baruch receives a pardon.
  6. Recommendation: Accept and obey the voice of the Lord.

Jeremiah 46, Judgment on Egypt

I. “The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the nations. About Egypt. Concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates at Carchemish and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son on Josiah, king of Judah.” (46:1-2)

A. Inference: Pharaoh Neco of Egypt advanced for battle at the river Euphrates against Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and was defeated.

  1. Finding: “That day is the day of the Lord God of hosts, a day of vengeance, to avenge himself on his foes.” (46:10)
  2. Criteria: “The Lord God of hosts holds a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.” (46:10)
  3. Condition: “Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in Memphis and Tahpanhes: say, ‘Stand ready and be prepared, for the sword shall devour around you.'” (46:14)
  4. Cause: “That day is the day of the Lord God of hosts, a day of vengeance, to avenge himself on his foes.” (46:10)
  5. Effect: “. . . the day of their calamity has come upon them, the time of their punishment. (46:21)
  6. Recommendation: While Egypt is handed over to Babylon, Jacob is not to be dismayed; “Jacob shall return and have quiet and ease, and none shall make him afraid.” (46:27)

Jeremiah 47, Judgment on the Philistines

I. The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the Philistines, before Pharaoh struck down Gaza.” (47:1)

A. Inference: “Thus says the Lord: ‘Behold, waters are rising out of the north, and shall become an overflowing torrent; they shall overflow the land and all that fills it, the city and those who dwell in it.'” (47:2)

  1. Finding: “Men shall cry out, and every inhabitant of the land shall wail.” (47:2)
  2. Criteria: “For the Lord is destroying the Philistines, the remnant of the coastland of Caphtor.” (47:4)
  3. Condition: The Lord has given his sword charge. (47:7)
  4. Cause: The Lord has appointed it. (47:7)
  5. Effect: The Lord will whet his sword. (Deuteronomy 32:41; Psalm 7:12)
  6. Recommendation: Accept and obey the voice of the Lord.

Jeremiah 48, Judgment on Moab

I. “Concerning Moab. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: . . . the renown of Moab is no more.” (47:1, 2)

A. Inference: Cursed is he who does the work of the Lord with slackness, and cursed is he who keeps back his sword from bloodshed.” (47:10)

  1. Finding: “Moab is destroyed . . .” (47:4)
  2. Criteria: “The destroyer shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape; the valley shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the Lord has spoken.” (48:8)
  3. Condition: “For, because you trusted in your works and your treasures, you also shall be taken; and Chemosh shall go into exile with the priests and his officials.” (48:7)
  4. Cause: “Moab shall be destroyed and be no longer a people, because he magnified himself against the Lord.” (48:42)
  5. Effect: “Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab in the latter days, declares the Lord.” (48:47)
  6. Recommendation: “Stand by the way and watch.” (48:19)

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