Week #99; Wed, Nov 20: Jeremiah 31:1–35:19
Suggested archives: https://jwaministries.net/wp
Suggested software: www.jwaministries.net, paragraph 1-C
Suggested references: Page 7 in this Blog
I. It appears that an overarching biblical context is unfolding and should be incorporated in all remaining reading, particularly Week #100 through Week #156. Corrective “comments” are welcome.
A. Inference: Since week #1 in 2018, our blog postings increasingly reveal the height, depth and breadth of God’s Word that demands including God’s free-grace and our free-will.
B. Inference: And, as we recognize key events in His plan unfolding, I have attempted to plot 15 of those milestones in a loop that looks like this (Suggested diagram: www.jwaministries.net, paragraph 4-A):
- The Lamb’s Book of Life recorded God’s elect, chosen, and pre-destined before the foundation of the world (Proverbs 8:22-31, Matthew 25:31-46, John 10:28-30, Ephesians 1:4-14, Philippians 4:2-5, Revelation 3:4-6; 13:7-9; 17:7-9; 20:11-15; 22:18-20).
- Creation of earth and angels (Psalm 148:5; Revelation 12:7-12).
- War in heaven where Satan falls along with his not so angelic followers (Isaiah 14; Revelation 12:7-12).
- Lucifer’s pride escaped his internal controls and he and his followers exercised their free-will to contend with God over ruling God’s kingdom, a big mistake although God knew the outcome before hand (Isaiah 14; Revelation 12:7-12).
- The split resulted in a ratio of 2/3 of the angels opting for God’s side and 1/3 of the angels opting for Lucifer’s side. (Revelation 12:7-12)
- When humans were created, God gave them free-will just like the angels (Genesis 1, 3).
- Our free-will to exercise our choice to follow God or not has similar consequences as the angels (Genesis 3).
- We will soon read how Jesus died for all; however, God will only accept believers back into His kingdom (John 3:16-21).
- God already knows who will become a believer and He sealed their names in the Lamb’s Book of Life before the foundation of the world (2 Peter 3).
- Someone asked me how God would permit some to be condemned and not want them all back in His kingdom (Luke 18:7).
- It has to be that God wants a restored pure kingdom where He will know that believers want to be on His side and not Satan’s side (Hebrews 10:37-39).
- Yet, God knows the eternal outcome of our free-will choices that we make now here on earth (Ephesians 2:8).
- He is testing us now with His free-grace to make a free-will choice to believe (Luke 24:47).
- God sent Jesus to die for all, but we have to believe in Him and more than that, we must develop our relationship with Him from that point on (Matthew 4:17).
- I visualize interlocking the fingers of our hands to imagine how tight our relationship should be (John 15:4-5).
II. Upon completing our readings to the point of hearing the prophets, it brings us to a point where inward thinking starts to settle in for personal utility.
A. Inference: It appears to be a good time to fast forward to Colossians 3 and isolate three key words: above, earth, and below.
B. Inference: When directions are applied to these words, they render a vertical, horizontal, and transverse context that can be labeled God, earth, and Satan respectively (Suggested 3-D cartesian model: www.jwaministries.net, paragraph 4-B).
C. When reading Scripture, the current topic can then be analyzed in an X, Y, and Z context and mentally plotted by constantly pinpointing the following:
- Finding–Abnormality(ies) bearing on the mission (pertains to GAO, GAGAS Yellow Book)
- Criteria-Says who? Who says this is a problem?
- Condition-What is the problem/issue? What is happening?
- Cause-How or why did the condition happen?
- Effect-So what? Why should the reader care about this condition? What is the impact?
- Recommendation-How do we resolve the condition/cause?
Jeremiah 31, The Lord Will Turn Mourning to Joy
I. “At that time, declares the Lord, I will be the God of all the clans of Israel, and they shall be my people.” (31:1)
A. Inference: “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man and the seed of beast. And it shall come to pass that as I have watched over them to pluck up and break down, to overthrow, destroy, and bring harm, so I will watch over them to build and to plant, declares the Lord. In those days they shall no longer say: ‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge.’ But everyone shall die for his own sin. Each man who eats sour grapes, his teeth shall be set on edge.” (31:27-30)
- Finding–“He who scattered Israel will gather him, and will keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.” (31:10)
- Criteria–“I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people; . . . but everyone shall die for his own sin.” (31:30, 33)
- Condition–“I have watched over them to pluck up and break down, to overthrow, destroy, and bring harm.” (31:28)
- Cause–“I have loved you with an everlasting love; therefore I have continued my faithfulness to you.” (31:3)
- Effect–“The Lord will turn mourning to joy.” (31:13)
- Recommendation–“The planters shall plant and shall enjoy the fruit.” (31:5)
II. “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the Lord.” (31:31-32)
A. Inference: “But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.” (31:33-34)
- Finding–“I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah.” (31:31)
- Criteria–“I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts.” (31:33)
- Condition-“And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. (31:33)
- Cause–The Lord’s people strayed from Him, turning to other gods and handmade idols, followed by exile.
- Effect–“. . . they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord.” (31:34)
- Recommendation–Do not depart from the Lord and His ways; obey the Lord.
Jeremiah 32, Jeremiah Buys a Field During the Siege
I. “The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar. At that time the army of the king of Babylon was besieging Jerusalem, and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the guard that was in the palace of the king of Judah. For Zedekiah king of Judah had imprisoned him, saying, ‘Why do you prophesy and say, ‘Thus says the Lord: Behold, I am giving this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall capture it; Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of the hand of the Chaldeans, but shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and shall speak with him face to face and see him eye to eye.” (32:1-4)
A. Inference: “Jeremiah said, ‘The word of the Lord came to me: Behold, Hanamel the son of Shallum your uncle will come to you and say, Buy my field that is at Anathoth, for the right of redemption by purchase is yours. Then Hanamel my cousin came to me in the court of the guard, in accordance with the word of the Lord, and said to me, ‘Buy my field that is at Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, for the right of possession and redemption is yours; buy it for yourself. Then I knew that this was the word of the Lord.'” (32:6-8)
- Finding–Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the guard that was in the palace and the Lord declared that he was to go and buy a field.
- Criteria-The word of the Lord gave Jerusalem to the king of Babylon and he shall capture it.
- Condition-Jerusalem is under siege by the Chaldeans and is about to fall.
- Cause-Zedekiah king of Judah had imprisoned Jeremiah for his prophesy that the king would be taken to Babylon to face Nebuchadnezzar because the people did not obey the Lord (worshiped Baal and other gods).
- Effect-Even pending the exile of inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Lord revealed his promise for his people.
- Recommendation-“The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah to buy the field of his uncle Shallum; Jeremiah bought the field for seventeen shekels of silver and placed the deeds in an earthenware vessel for the Lord said, ‘Houses and fields and vineyards shall again be bought in this land.'”
Jeremiah 33, The Lord Promises Peace
I. “The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah a second time, while he was still shut up in the court of the guard: ‘Thus says the Lord who made the earth, the Lord who formed it to establish it–the Lord is his name: Call to me and I will answer you, and will tell you great and hidden things that you have not known.'” (33:1-3)
A. Inference: “‘Give thanks to the Lord of hosts, for the Lord is good, for his steadfast love endures forever!’ For I will restore the fortunes of the land as at first, says the Lord.” (33:11)
- Finding–While Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the guard that was in the palace, the Lord declared that ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel.'”
- Criteria–The Lord’s covenant with David.
- Condition–Hidden things will be revealed about promises of peace.
- Cause–The Lord has a master plan that spans a greater amount of time than the defeat, exile, and return of his people from Babylon.
- Effect–Peace, joy, and forgiveness are on the other side of the current conflict and siege of Jerusalem.
- Recommendation–Be patient and wait on the Lord; call on the Lord, wait for his answer.
II. “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will fulfill the promise I made to the house of Israel and the house of Judah. In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch to spring up for David, and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In those days Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will dwell securely. And this is the name by which it will be called: ‘The Lord is our righteousness.‘” (33:14-18)
A. Inference: “For thus says the Lord: ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne in the house of Israel, and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man in my presence to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and to make sacrifices forever.'” (33:17-18)
- Finding–A righteous Branch (Jesus can be seen here) shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.
- Criteria–The righteous Branch to come sets out a provision for eternal peace in the Lord’s pure kingdom at the end of the age.
- Condition–There is a fixed order of heaven and earth. (33:25)
- Cause–The Lord promises to restore their fortunes and will have mercy on them. (33:11, 26)
- Effect–This new covenant from the Lord is unbreakable then and now.
- Recommendation–Trust in the Lord.
Jeremiah 34, Zedekiah to Die in Babylon
I. “The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army and all the kingdoms of the earth under his dominion and all the peoples were fighting against Jerusalem and all of its cities: ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Go and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord: Behold, I am giving this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire. You shall not escape from his hand but shall surely be captured and delivered into his hand. You shall see the king of Babylon eye to eye and speak with him face to face. And you shall go to Babylon.'” (34:1-3)
A. Inference: “Yet hear the word of the Lord, O Zedekiah king of Judah! Thus says the Lord concerning you: ‘You shall not die by the sword. You shall die in peace. And as spices were burned for your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so people shall burn spices for you and lament for you, saying, ‘Alas, lord!’ For I have spoken the word declares the Lord.” (34:4-5)
- Finding–Zedekiah king of Judah will die in Babylon in peace
- Criteria–Declaration of the Lord
- Condition–Jerusalem is given into the hand of the king of Babylon and burned by fire.
- Cause–The Lord is angry because the people turned away and worshiped other gods and idols.
- Effect–The city is captured and it’s inhabitants are taken to Babylon.
II.”The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to make a proclamation of liberty to them, that everyone should set free his Hebrew slaves, male and female, so that no one should enslave a Jew, his brother. And they obeyed, all the officials and all the people who had entered into the covenant that everyone would set free his slave, male or female, so that they would not be enslaved again. They obeyed and set them free.” (34:8-10)
A. Inference: “But afterward they turned around and took back the male and female slaves they had set free, and brought them into subjection as slaves. The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah from the Lord: ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I myself made a covenant with your fathers when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, saying, ‘At the end of seven years each of you must set free the fellow Hebrew who has been sold to you and has served you six years; you must set him free for your service.’ But your fathers did not listen to me or incline their ears to me. You recently repented and did what was right in my eyes by proclaiming liberty, each to his neighbor, and you made a covenant before me in the house that is called by my name, but then you turned around and profaned my name when each of you took back his male and female slaves, whom you had set free according to their desire, and you brought them into subjection to be your slaves.” (34:11-16)
- Finding–The inhabitants broke the proclamation of liberty to set free his Hebrew slaves, male and female which they obeyed; however, they broke the proclamation and took back their slaves.
- Criteria–The people repented and did what was right per the proclamation to free their slaves, they digressed and reclaimed them, returning them to slavery.
- Condition–Even though the people repented and freed their slaves, they took them back and returned them to bondage even while the invading army withdrew from Jerusalem
- Cause–The people did not obey the proclamation of liberty for their slaves.
- Effect–The Lord was angered by the transgression of the people and he proclaimed they would be given to the sword, famine and pestilence.
- Recommendation–Go into the hands of their enemies and into the hand of those who seek their lives.
Jeremiah 35, The Obedience of the Rechabites
I. “The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: ‘Go to the house of the Rechabites and speak with them and bring them to the house of the Lord, into one of the chambers; then offer them wine to drink.'” (35:1-2)
A. Inference: “Then I set before the Rechabites pitchers full of wine, and cups, and I said to them, ‘Drink wine.’ But they answered, ‘We will drink no wine, for Jonadab the son of Rechab, our father, commanded us, ‘You shall not dink wine, neither you nor your sons forever. You shall not build a house; you shall not sow seed; you shall not plant or have a vineyard; but you shall live in tents all your days, that you may live many days in the land where you sojourn.’ We have obeyed the voice of Jonadab the son of Rechab, our father, in all that he commanded us, to drink no wine in all our days, ourselves, our wives, our sons, or our daughters, and not to build houses to dwell in. We have no vineyard or field or seed, but we have lived in tents and have obeyed and done all that Jonadab our father commanded us.” (35:5-10)
- Finding–The Rechabites were obedient to their father’s commands not to drink wine, build houses, plant or have a vineyard, or sow seed demonstrating how to follow commands.
- Criteria–The Lord sent to his people the prophets saying, “Turn now every one of you from his evil way, and amend your deeds, and do not go after other gods to serve them, and then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to you and your fathers.”
- Condition–The Lord needed an example to use to show his people how he desired obedience; he used the Rechabites.
- Cause–The people disobeyed God and worshiped other gods and handmade idols.
- Effect–The Recabites obeyed the command of Jonadab and kept all his precepts and did all that he commanded.
- Recommendation–The people of Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem should obey God like the Recabites obeyed their father.