Week #93; Wed, Oct 02: Isaiah 54:1-62:12

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. Bible timelines that set out chronological events provide improved understanding, particularly during the period of the fall and rise of the northern and southern kingdoms of Israel.

  • Inference: The Rose Book of Bible Charts, Maps and Time Lines, 10th Expanded Anniversary Edition reveals connections between the prophets and the fall to the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Persians.
  • Inference: The World History Chart in Accordance with Bible Chronology, by Bible Charts and Maps, LLC, depicts activity in other parts of the world at the same time as the events in the Bible (i.e., China, Japan, Greece, Rome, India, Euro-Germanic tribes, Persia, etc.).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 54, The Eternal Covenant of Peace
1. “For your maker is your husband, the Lord of hosts is his name; and the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer, the God of the whole earth he is called.” (54:5)

  • Inference: “For the Lord has called you like a wife deserted and grieved in spirit like a wife of youth when she is cast off, says your God. For a brief moment I deserted you, but with great compassion I will gather you.” (54:6-7)
  • Inference: “This is like the days of Noah to me: as I swore that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth, so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you, and will not rebuke you.” (54;9)
  • Inference: “For the mountains may depart and the hills be removed, but my steadfast love shall not depart from you, and my covenant of peace shall not be removed, says the Lord, who has compassion on you.” (54:10)
  • Inference: “And the Lord said to Moses, ‘Phinehas the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned back my wrath from the people of Israel, in that he was jealous with my jealousy among them, so that I did not consume the people of Israel in my jealousy. Therefore say, ‘Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace, and it shall be to him and to his descendants after him the covenant of a perpetual priesthood, because he was jealous for his God and made atonement for the people of Israel'” (Num. 25:12)

Isaiah 55, The Compassion of the Lord
1. “Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.” (55:1)

  • Inference: “For the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.” (55:9)

Isaiah 56, Salvation for Foreigners
1. “Thus says the Lord: ‘Keep justice, and do righteousness, for soon my salvation will come, and my deliverance be revealed.” (56:1)

  • Inference: “Blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath, not profaning it, an keeps his hand from doing any evil” (56:2)

2. “Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to the Lord say, ‘The Lord will surely separate me from his people’, and let not the eunuch say, ‘Behold, I am a dry tree.'” (56:3)

  • Inference: “. . . these I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples.” (56:7)

Isaiah 57, Israel’s Futile Idolatry
1. “But you, draw near, sons of the sorceress, offspring of the adulterer and the loose woman.” (57:1)

  • Inference: “On a high and lofty mountain you have set your bed, and there you went up to offer sacrifice. Behind the door and the doorpost you have set up your memorial [idol]; for, deserting me, you have uncovered your bed, you have gone up to it, you have made it wide; and you have made a covenant for yourself with them, you have loved their bed, you have looked on nakedness.” (57:7-8)

2. “For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: ‘I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.'” (57:15)

  • Inference: “I have seen his ways, but I will heal him; I will lead him and restore comfort to him and his mourners, creating the fruit of the lips. Peace, peace, to the far and to the near, says the Lord, and I will heal him.” (57:18-19)

Isaiah 58, True and False Fasting
1. “Cry aloud; do not hold back; lift up your voice like a trumpet; declare to my people their transgression, to the house of Jacob their sins. Yet they seek me daily and delight to know my ways, as if they were a nation that did righteousness and did not forsake the judgment of their God; they ask of me righteous judgments; they delight to draw near to God.” (58:1-2)

  • Inference: “Why have we fasted, and you see it not? Why have we humbled ourselves, and you take no knowledge of it? Behold, in the day of your fast you seek your own pleasure, and oppress all your workers. Behold, you fast only to quarrel and to fight and to hit with wicked fist. Fasting like yours this day will not make your voice to be heard on high.” (58:3-4)
  • Inference: “Is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the straps of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free, and to break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry and bring the homeless poor into your house; when you see the naked, to cover him, and not to hide yourself from your own flesh? Then shall your light break forth like the dawn, and your healing shall spring up speedily; your righteousness shall go before you; the glory of the Lord shall be your rear guard, Then you shall call, and the Lord will answer; you shall cry, and he will say, ‘Here I am.'” (58:6-9)

Isaiah 59, Evil and Oppression
1. “Behold, the Lord’s hand is not shortened, that it cannot save, or his ear dull, that it cannot hear; but our iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you so that he does not hear.” (59:1-2)

  • Inference: “For your hands are defiled with blood and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies; your tongue mutters wickedness.” (59:3)

2. “The Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no justice.” (59:1)

  • Inference: “He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and wrapped himself in zeal as a cloak.” (59:17, 1 Thess. 5:8)
  • Inference: “So they shall fear the name of the Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun; for he will come like a rushing stream, which the wind of the Lord drives. ‘And a Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who turn from transgression,’ declares the Lord.” (59:19-20, Rom. 11:26-27) [Jesus can be seen here]

Isaiah 60, The Future Glory of Israel

1. “Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord has risen upon you. For behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and thick darkness the peoples; but the Lord will arise upon you, and his glory will be seen upon you.” (60:1-2) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “And nations shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising.” (60:3) [Jesus can be seen here]
  • Inference: “For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish; those nations shall be utterly laid waste.” (60:12, Zech. 14:17-20)

Isaiah 61, The Year of the Lord’s Favor
1. “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; to grant to those who mourn in Zion–to give them a beautiful headdress instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit; that they may be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he may be glorified. They shall build up the ancient ruins; they shall raise up the former devastations; they shall repair the ruined cities, the devastations of many generations.” (61:1-4) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “For as the earth brings forth its sprouts, and as a garden causes what is sown in it to sprout up, so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to sprout up before all the nations.” (61:11)

Isaiah 62, Zion’s Coming Salvation
1. For Zion’s sake I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not be quiet, until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, and her salvation as a burning torch.” (62:1)

  • Inference: “The nations shall see your righteousness, and all the kings your glory, and you shall be called by a new name that the mouth of the Lord will give. You shall be a crown of beauty in the hand of the Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.” (62:2-3)

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