Week #92; Wed, Oct 02: Isaiah 45:1-53:12

1. God uses all people, both good and bad, as instruments to bring about his will and accomplish his master plan.

  • Inference: “I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.” (45:3-4)

Isaiah 45, Cyrus, God’s Instrument
1. “Thus says the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have grasped to subdue nations before him and to loose the belts of kings, to open doors before him that gates may not be closed: I will go before you and level the exalted places, I will break in pieces the doors of bronze and cut through bars of iron, I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know that it is I, the Lord, the God of Israel who call you by your name.” (45:1-3)

  • Inference: “For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my chosen, I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.” (45:4)
  • Inference: “I am the Lord, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me, that people may know, form the rising of the sun and from the west, that there is none besides me; I am the Lord, and there is no other.” (45:5-6)

2. Regarding Cyrus, “‘I have stirred him up in righteousness, and I will make all his ways level; he shall build my city and set my exiles free, not for price or reward,’ says the Lord of hosts.” (45:13)

  • Inference: “. . . who says of Cyrus, ‘He is my shepherd, and he shall fulfill all my purpose’; saying of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be built,’ and of the temple, ‘Your foundation shall be laid.'” (44:28)

3. “Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other. By myself I have sworn; from my mouth has gone out in righteousness a word that shall not return: ‘To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear allegiance.'” (45:22-23)

  • Inference: “In the Lord all the offspring of Israel shall be justified and shall glory.” (45:25)

Isaiah 46, The Idols of Babylon and the One True God
1. “Those who lavish gold from the purse, and weigh out silver in the scales, hire a goldsmith, and he makes it into a god; then they fall down and worship! They lift it to their shoulders, they carry it, they set it in its place, and it stands there; it cannot move from its place.” (46:6-7)

  • Inference: “If one cries to it, it does not answer or save him from his trouble.” (46:7)

2. “Listen to me, you stubborn of heart, you who are far from righteousness: I bring near my righteousness; it is not far off, and my salvation will not delay; I will put salvation in Zion, for Israel my glory.” (46:13)

  • Inference: It appears that Cyrus does not know he is an instrument of the Lord, but he is a critical cog in the Lord’s plan for Israel, Jerusalem, and Zion.

Isaiah 47, The Humiliation of Babylon
1. “You (Babylon) felt secure in your wickedness, you said, ‘No one sees me” your wisdom and your knowledge led you astray, and you said in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one besides me.'” (47:10)

  • Inference: “But evil shall come upon you, which you will not know how to charm away; disaster shall fall upon you, for which you will not be able to atone; and ruin shall come upon you suddenly, of which you know nothing.” (47:11)

Isaiah 48, Israel Refined for God’s Glory
1. “Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.” (48:10, 1 Pet. 1:7)

  • Inference: “For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it, for how should my name be profaned? My glory I will not give to another.” (48:11)
  • Inference: “Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called! I am he; I am the first, and I am the last. My hand laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand forth together.” (48:13)

2. Pertaining to the Lord’s call to Israel, “Assemble, all of you, and listen! Who among them has declared these things? The Lord loves him; he shall perform his purpose on Babylon, and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans. I, even I, have spoken and called him; I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way. Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken in secret, from the time it came to be I have been there. And now the Lord God has sent me, and his Spirit. Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: ‘I am the Lord your God, who teaches you to profit, who leads you in the way you should go. . . .'” (48:14-17, 61:1-4, Luke 4:18, 19, Ps. 45:7, Ps. 146:7) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Oh that you had paid attention to my commandments! Then your peace would have been like a river, and your righteousness like the waves of the sea; your offspring would have been like the sand, and your descendants like its grains; their name would never be cut off or destroyed from before me.” (48:18)

Isaiah 49, The Servant of the Lord
1. And now the Lord says, he who formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob back to him; and that Israel might be gathered to him–for I am honored in the eyes of the Lord, and my God has become my strength.” (49:5)

  • Inference: “It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to bring back the preserved of Israel; I will make you as a light for the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.” (49:6) [Jesus can be seen here]

2. “Thus says the Lord God: ‘Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and raise my signal to the peoples; and they shall bring your sons in their bosom, and your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders.'” (49:22) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Then you will know that I am the Lord; those who wait for me shall not be put to shame.” (49:23, 26)

Isaiah 50, Israel’s Sin and the Servant’s Obedience
1. “Behold, for your iniquities you were sold, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away.” (50:1)

  • Inference: “Who among you fears the Lord and obeys the voice of his servant? Let him who walks in darkness and has no light trust in the name of the Lord and rely on his God.” (50:10)

Isaiah 51, The Lord’s Comfort for Zion
1. “Look to Abraham your father and to Sarah who bore you; for he was but one when I called him, that I might bless him and multiply him.” (51:2)

  • Inference: “For the Lord comforts Zion; he comforts all her waste places and makes her wilderness like Eden, her desert like the garden of the Lord; joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the voice of song” (51:3)
  • Inference: “Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look at the earth beneath; for the heavens vanish like smoke, the earth will wear out like a garment, and they who dwell in it will die in like manner; but my salvation will be forever, and my righteousness will never be dismayed.” (51:6)
  • Inference: “And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and come to Zion with singing; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.” (51:11)

Isaiah 52, The Lord’s Coming Salvation
1. “Awake, awake, put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for there shall no more come into you the uncircumcised and the unclean. Shake yourself from the dust and arise; be seated, O Jerusalem; loose the bonds from your neck, O captive daughter of Zion.” (52:1-2)

  • Inference: “Behold, my servant shall act wisely; he shall be high and lifted up, and shall be exalted. As many were astonished at you–his appearance was so marred, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of the children of mankind–so shall he sprinkle (or startle) many nations; kings shall shut their mouths because of him; for that which has not been told them they see, and that which they have not heard they understand.” (52:13-15) [Jesus can be seen here]

Isaiah 53, He Was Wounded for Our Transgressions (cont. from ch. 52 above)
1. “He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” (53:3) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.” (53:4) [Jesus can be seen here]
  • Inference: “But he was wounded for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned–every one–to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” (53:5-6) [Jesus can be seen here]
  • Inference: “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth.” (53:7) [Jesus can be seen here]

2. “Yet, it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.” (53:10) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors. (53:12) [Jesus can be seen here]

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