Week #92; Wed, Oct 02: Isaiah 45-53

Week #92; Wed, Oct 02: Isaiah 45:1-53:12

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. God uses all people, both good and bad, as instruments to bring about his will and accomplish his master plan.

  • Inference: “I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.” (45:3-4)

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 45, Cyrus, God’s Instrument
1. “Thus says the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have grasped to subdue nations before him and to loose the belts of kings, to open doors before him that gates may not be closed: I will go before you and level the exalted places, I will break in pieces the doors of bronze and cut through bars of iron, I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know that it is I, the Lord, the God of Israel who call you by your name.” (45:1-3)

  • Inference: “For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my chosen, I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.” (45:4)
  • Inference: “I am the Lord, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me, that people may know, form the rising of the sun and from the west, that there is none besides me; I am the Lord, and there is no other.” (45:5-6)

2. Regarding Cyrus, “‘I have stirred him up in righteousness, and I will make all his ways level; he shall build my city and set my exiles free, not for price or reward,’ says the Lord of hosts.” (45:13)

  • Inference: “. . . who says of Cyrus, ‘He is my shepherd, and he shall fulfill all my purpose’; saying of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be built,’ and of the temple, ‘Your foundation shall be laid.'” (44:28)

3. “Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other. By myself I have sworn; from my mouth has gone out in righteousness a word that shall not return: ‘To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear allegiance.'” (45:22-23)

  • Inference: “In the Lord all the offspring of Israel shall be justified and shall glory.” (45:25)

Isaiah 46, The Idols of Babylon and the One True God
1. “Those who lavish gold from the purse, and weigh out silver in the scales, hire a goldsmith, and he makes it into a god; then they fall down and worship! They lift it to their shoulders, they carry it, they set it in its place, and it stands there; it cannot move from its place.” (46:6-7)

  • Inference: “If one cries to it, it does not answer or save him from his trouble.” (46:7)

2. “Listen to me, you stubborn of heart, you who are far from righteousness: I bring near my righteousness; it is not far off, and my salvation will not delay; I will put salvation in Zion, for Israel my glory.” (46:13)

  • Inference: It appears that Cyrus does not know he is an instrument of the Lord, but he is a critical cog in the Lord’s plan for Israel, Jerusalem, and Zion.

Isaiah 47, The Humiliation of Babylon
1. “You (Babylon) felt secure in your wickedness, you said, ‘No one sees me” your wisdom and your knowledge led you astray, and you said in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one besides me.'” (47:10)

  • Inference: “But evil shall come upon you, which you will not know how to charm away; disaster shall fall upon you, for which you will not be able to atone; and ruin shall come upon you suddenly, of which you know nothing.” (47:11)

Isaiah 48, Israel Refined for God’s Glory
1. “Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.” (48:10, 1 Pet. 1:7)

  • Inference: “For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it, for how should my name be profaned? My glory I will not give to another.” (48:11)
  • Inference: “Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called! I am he; I am the first, and I am the last. My hand laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand forth together.” (48:13)

2. Pertaining to the Lord’s call to Israel, “Assemble, all of you, and listen! Who among them has declared these things? The Lord loves him; he shall perform his purpose on Babylon, and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans. I, even I, have spoken and called him; I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way. Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken in secret, from the time it came to be I have been there. And now the Lord God has sent me, and his Spirit. Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: ‘I am the Lord your God, who teaches you to profit, who leads you in the way you should go. . . .'” (48:14-17, 61:1-4, Luke 4:18, 19, Ps. 45:7, Ps. 146:7) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Oh that you had paid attention to my commandments! Then your peace would have been like a river, and your righteousness like the waves of the sea; your offspring would have been like the sand, and your descendants like its grains; their name would never be cut off or destroyed from before me.” (48:18)

Isaiah 49, The Servant of the Lord
1. And now the Lord says, he who formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob back to him; and that Israel might be gathered to him–for I am honored in the eyes of the Lord, and my God has become my strength.” (49:5)

  • Inference: “It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to bring back the preserved of Israel; I will make you as a light for the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.” (49:6) [Jesus can be seen here]

2. “Thus says the Lord God: ‘Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and raise my signal to the peoples; and they shall bring your sons in their bosom, and your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders.'” (49:22) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Then you will know that I am the Lord; those who wait for me shall not be put to shame.” (49:23, 26)

Isaiah 50, Israel’s Sin and the Servant’s Obedience
1. “Behold, for your iniquities you were sold, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away.” (50:1)

  • Inference: “Who among you fears the Lord and obeys the voice of his servant? Let him who walks in darkness and has no light trust in the name of the Lord and rely on his God.” (50:10)

Isaiah 51, The Lord’s Comfort for Zion
1. “Look to Abraham your father and to Sarah who bore you; for he was but one when I called him, that I might bless him and multiply him.” (51:2)

  • Inference: “For the Lord comforts Zion; he comforts all her waste places and makes her wilderness like Eden, her desert like the garden of the Lord; joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the voice of song” (51:3)
  • Inference: “Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look at the earth beneath; for the heavens vanish like smoke, the earth will wear out like a garment, and they who dwell in it will die in like manner; but my salvation will be forever, and my righteousness will never be dismayed.” (51:6)
  • Inference: “And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and come to Zion with singing; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.” (51:11)

Isaiah 52, The Lord’s Coming Salvation
1. “Awake, awake, put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for there shall no more come into you the uncircumcised and the unclean. Shake yourself from the dust and arise; be seated, O Jerusalem; loose the bonds from your neck, O captive daughter of Zion.” (52:1-2)

  • Inference: “Behold, my servant shall act wisely; he shall be high and lifted up, and shall be exalted. As many were astonished at you–his appearance was so marred, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of the children of mankind–so shall he sprinkle (or startle) many nations; kings shall shut their mouths because of him; for that which has not been told them they see, and that which they have not heard they understand.” (52:13-15) [Jesus can be seen here]

Isaiah 53, He Was Wounded for Our Transgressions (cont. from ch. 52 above)
1. “He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” (53:3) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.” (53:4) [Jesus can be seen here]
  • Inference: “But he was wounded for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned–every one–to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” (53:5-6) [Jesus can be seen here]
  • Inference: “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth.” (53:7) [Jesus can be seen here]

2. “Yet, it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.” (53:10) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors. (53:12) [Jesus can be seen here]

Week #93; Wed, Oct 09: Isaiah 54-62

Week #93; Wed, Oct 02: Isaiah 54:1-62:12

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. Bible timelines that set out chronological events provide improved understanding, particularly during the period of the fall and rise of the northern and southern kingdoms of Israel.

  • Inference: The Rose Book of Bible Charts, Maps and Time Lines, 10th Expanded Anniversary Edition reveals connections between the prophets and the fall to the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Persians.
  • Inference: The World History Chart in Accordance with Bible Chronology, by Bible Charts and Maps, LLC, depicts activity in other parts of the world at the same time as the events in the Bible (i.e., China, Japan, Greece, Rome, India, Euro-Germanic tribes, Persia, etc.).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 54, The Eternal Covenant of Peace
1. “For your maker is your husband, the Lord of hosts is his name; and the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer, the God of the whole earth he is called.” (54:5)

  • Inference: “For the Lord has called you like a wife deserted and grieved in spirit like a wife of youth when she is cast off, says your God. For a brief moment I deserted you, but with great compassion I will gather you.” (54:6-7)
  • Inference: “This is like the days of Noah to me: as I swore that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth, so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you, and will not rebuke you.” (54;9)
  • Inference: “For the mountains may depart and the hills be removed, but my steadfast love shall not depart from you, and my covenant of peace shall not be removed, says the Lord, who has compassion on you.” (54:10)
  • Inference: “And the Lord said to Moses, ‘Phinehas the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned back my wrath from the people of Israel, in that he was jealous with my jealousy among them, so that I did not consume the people of Israel in my jealousy. Therefore say, ‘Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace, and it shall be to him and to his descendants after him the covenant of a perpetual priesthood, because he was jealous for his God and made atonement for the people of Israel'” (Num. 25:12)

Isaiah 55, The Compassion of the Lord
1. “Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.” (55:1)

  • Inference: “For the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.” (55:9)

Isaiah 56, Salvation for Foreigners
1. “Thus says the Lord: ‘Keep justice, and do righteousness, for soon my salvation will come, and my deliverance be revealed.” (56:1)

  • Inference: “Blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath, not profaning it, an keeps his hand from doing any evil” (56:2)

2. “Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to the Lord say, ‘The Lord will surely separate me from his people’, and let not the eunuch say, ‘Behold, I am a dry tree.'” (56:3)

  • Inference: “. . . these I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples.” (56:7)

Isaiah 57, Israel’s Futile Idolatry
1. “But you, draw near, sons of the sorceress, offspring of the adulterer and the loose woman.” (57:1)

  • Inference: “On a high and lofty mountain you have set your bed, and there you went up to offer sacrifice. Behind the door and the doorpost you have set up your memorial [idol]; for, deserting me, you have uncovered your bed, you have gone up to it, you have made it wide; and you have made a covenant for yourself with them, you have loved their bed, you have looked on nakedness.” (57:7-8)

2. “For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: ‘I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.'” (57:15)

  • Inference: “I have seen his ways, but I will heal him; I will lead him and restore comfort to him and his mourners, creating the fruit of the lips. Peace, peace, to the far and to the near, says the Lord, and I will heal him.” (57:18-19)

Isaiah 58, True and False Fasting
1. “Cry aloud; do not hold back; lift up your voice like a trumpet; declare to my people their transgression, to the house of Jacob their sins. Yet they seek me daily and delight to know my ways, as if they were a nation that did righteousness and did not forsake the judgment of their God; they ask of me righteous judgments; they delight to draw near to God.” (58:1-2)

  • Inference: “Why have we fasted, and you see it not? Why have we humbled ourselves, and you take no knowledge of it? Behold, in the day of your fast you seek your own pleasure, and oppress all your workers. Behold, you fast only to quarrel and to fight and to hit with wicked fist. Fasting like yours this day will not make your voice to be heard on high.” (58:3-4)
  • Inference: “Is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the straps of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free, and to break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry and bring the homeless poor into your house; when you see the naked, to cover him, and not to hide yourself from your own flesh? Then shall your light break forth like the dawn, and your healing shall spring up speedily; your righteousness shall go before you; the glory of the Lord shall be your rear guard, Then you shall call, and the Lord will answer; you shall cry, and he will say, ‘Here I am.'” (58:6-9)

Isaiah 59, Evil and Oppression
1. “Behold, the Lord’s hand is not shortened, that it cannot save, or his ear dull, that it cannot hear; but our iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you so that he does not hear.” (59:1-2)

  • Inference: “For your hands are defiled with blood and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies; your tongue mutters wickedness.” (59:3)

2. “The Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no justice.” (59:1)

  • Inference: “He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and wrapped himself in zeal as a cloak.” (59:17, 1 Thess. 5:8)
  • Inference: “So they shall fear the name of the Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun; for he will come like a rushing stream, which the wind of the Lord drives. ‘And a Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who turn from transgression,’ declares the Lord.” (59:19-20, Rom. 11:26-27) [Jesus can be seen here]

Isaiah 60, The Future Glory of Israel

1. “Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord has risen upon you. For behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and thick darkness the peoples; but the Lord will arise upon you, and his glory will be seen upon you.” (60:1-2) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “And nations shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising.” (60:3) [Jesus can be seen here]
  • Inference: “For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish; those nations shall be utterly laid waste.” (60:12, Zech. 14:17-20)

Isaiah 61, The Year of the Lord’s Favor
1. “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; to grant to those who mourn in Zion–to give them a beautiful headdress instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit; that they may be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he may be glorified. They shall build up the ancient ruins; they shall raise up the former devastations; they shall repair the ruined cities, the devastations of many generations.” (61:1-4) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “For as the earth brings forth its sprouts, and as a garden causes what is sown in it to sprout up, so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to sprout up before all the nations.” (61:11)

Isaiah 62, Zion’s Coming Salvation
1. For Zion’s sake I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not be quiet, until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, and her salvation as a burning torch.” (62:1)

  • Inference: “The nations shall see your righteousness, and all the kings your glory, and you shall be called by a new name that the mouth of the Lord will give. You shall be a crown of beauty in the hand of the Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.” (62:2-3)

Week #94; Wed, Oct 16: Isaiah 63–Jeremiah 3

Week #94; Wed, Oct 16: Isaiah 63:1–Jeremiah 3:25

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. It is definitely worthwhile to read the related notes for a verse in the concordance that ties the prophecy to other prophecies and to similar topics in the Old and New Testament Scriptures. Use of Bible software on your PC or pad/tablet or phone eases searches and broadens depth of knowledge. See paragraph 1C at www.jwaministries.net for suggested software including a dramatized audio version.

  • Inference: Note how Isaiah 63:3 ties to Joel 3:13-16

2. Like earlier observation on Jesus in the Old Testament, here we see clearly where the Holy Spirit is named in the open in the Old Testament.

  • Inference: See Isaiah 63:10 and 11 for clear references to the Spirit of the Lord.

3. The relationship to Mount Zion in Jerusalem and the Kingdom of God and the New Jerusalem is worth deep contemplation. What a day that will be . . .

4. Please click https://jwaministries.net/wp for all archived postings.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 63, The Lord’s Day of Vengeance
1. “I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with me; I trod them in my anger and trampled them in my wrath; their lifeblood spattered on my garments, and stained all my apparel.” (63:3)

  • Inference: “For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and my year of redemption had come.” (63:4)
  • Inference: “Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Go in, tread, for the winepress is full. The vats overflow, for their evil is great. Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. The Lord roars from Zion, and utters his voice from Jerusalem, and the heavens and the earth quake. But the Lord is a refuge to his people, a stronghold to the people of Israel.” (Joel:13-16)

2. But, “I will recount the steadfast love of the Lord, the praises of the Lord, according to all that the Lord has granted us, and the great goodness to the house of Israel that he has granted them according to his compassion, according to the abundance of his steadfast love.” (63:7)

  • Inference: “For he said, ‘Surely they are my people, children who will not deal falsely.’ And he became their Savior.” (63:8)

3. “But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; therefore he turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.” (63:10)

  • Inference: “Then he remembered the days of old, of Moses and his people. Where is he who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of his flock? Where is he who put in the midst of them his Holy Spirit, who caused his glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses, who divided the waters before them to make for himself an everlasting name, who led them through the depths?” (63:11-13)

4. Prayer for mercy. “Look down from heaven and see, from your holy and beautiful habitation. Where are your zeal and your might? The stirring of your inner parts and your compassion are held back from me. For you are our Father, though Abraham does not know us, and Israel does not acknowledge us; you, O Lord, are our Father, our Redeemer from of old is your name.” (63:15-16)

  • Inference: “O Lord, why do you make us wander from your ways and harden our heart, so that we fear you not? Return for the sake of your servants, the tribes of your heritage. Your holy people held possession for a little while; our adversaries have trampled down your sanctuary. We have become like those over whom you have never ruled, like those who are not called by your name.” (63:17-19)

Isaiah 64, The Lord’s Day of Vengeance (cont.)
1. “There is no one who calls upon your name, who rouses himself to take hold of you; for you have hidden your face from us, and have made us melt in the hand of our iniquities.” (64:7)

  • Inference: “But now, O Lord, your are our Father; we are the clay, and you are our potter; we are all the work of your hand. Be not so terribly angry, O Lord, and remember not iniquity forever. Behold, please look, we are all your people.” (64:8-9)

2. “Your holy cities have become a wilderness; Zion has become a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation. Our holy and beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, has been burned by fire, and all our pleasant places have become ruins.” (64:10-11)

  • Inference: “Will you restrain yourself at these things, O Lord? Will you keep silent, and afflict us so terribly?” (64:12)

Isaiah 65, Judgment and Salvation and New Heavens and a New Earth
1. “I was ready to be sought by those who did not ask for me; I was ready to be found by those who did not seek me. I said, ‘Here am I, here am I,’ to a nation that was not called by my name. I spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that is not good, following their own devices; a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens and making offerings on bricks; who sit in tombs, and spend the night in secret places; who eat pig’s flesh, and broth of tainted meat is in their vessels; who say, ‘Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am too holy for you.'” (65:1-5)

  • Inference: “These are a smoke in my nostrils, a fire that burns all the day.” (65:5)
  • Inference: “Behold, it is written before me: ‘I will not keep silent, but I will repay; I will indeed repay into their bosom both your iniquities and your fathers’ iniquities together, says the Lord; because they made offerings on the mountains and insulted me on the hills, I will measure into their bosom payment for their former deeds.'” (65:6-7)

2. “I will bring forth offspring from Jacob, and from Judah possessors of my mountains; my chosen shall possess, and my servants shall dwell there. Sharon shall become a pasture for flocks, and the Valley of Achor a place for herds to lie down, for my people who have sought me. But you who forsake the Lord, who forget my holy mountain, who sat a table for Fortune and fill cups of mixed wine for Destiny, I will destine you to the sword, and all of you shall bow down to the slaughter, because, when I called, you did not answer; when I spoke, you did not listen, but you did what was evil in my eyes and chose what I did not delight in.” (65:9-12)

  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Behold, my servants shall eat, but you shall be hungry; behold, my servants shall drink, but you shall be thirsty; behold, my servants shall rejoice, but you shall be put to shame; behold, my servants shall sing for gladness of heart, but you shall cry out for pain of heart and shall wail for breaking of spirit. You shall leave your name to my chosen for a curse, and the Lord God will put you to death, but his servants he will call by another name.” (65:13-15)
  • Inference: “So that he who blesses himself in the land shall bless himself by the God of truth, and he who takes an oath in the land shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten and are hidden from my eyes.” (65:16)

3. “For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth, and the former things shall not be remembered or come into mind. But be glad and rejoice forever in that which I create; for behold, I create Jerusalem to be a joy, and her people to be a gladness.” (65:17, 2 Peter 3:13, Rev. 21:1)

  • Inference: “I will rejoice in Jerusalem and be glad in my people; no more shall be heard in it the sound of weeping and the cry of distress. No more shall there be in it an infant who lives but a few days, or an old man who does not fill out his days, for the young man shall die a hundred years old, and the sinner a hundred years old shall be accursed.” (65:19-20)
  • Inference: “‘The wolf and the lamb shall graze together; the lion shall eat straw like the ox, and dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt or destroy in all my holy mountain’, says the Lord.” (65:25, Mic. 7:17)

Isaiah 66, The Humble and Contrite in Spirit and Final Judgment and Glory of the Lord
1. “Thus says the Lord: ‘Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool; what is the house that you would build for me, and what is the place of my rest? All these things my hand has made, and so all these things came to be, declares the Lord.'” (66:1-2)

  • Inference: “But this is the one to whom I will look: he who is humble and contrite in spirit and trembles at my word.” (66:2)
  • Inference: “I also will choose harsh treatment for them [evil doers] and bring their fears upon them, because when I called, no one answered, when I spoke, they did not listen; but they did what was evil in my eyes and chose that in which I did not delight.” (66:4)

2. “‘For behold, the Lord will come in fire, and his chariots like the whirlwind, to render his anger in fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire will the Lord enter into judgment, and by his sword, with all flesh; and those slain by the Lord shall be many.” (66:15-16)

  • Inference: “And they shall go out and look on the dead bodies of the men who have rebelled against me. For their worm shall not die, and their fire shall not be quenched, and they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh.” (66:24, Mark 9:48, Rev. 21:8)

Jeremiah 1, The Call of Jeremiah (The Weeping Prophet)
1. “Now the word of the Lord came to me, saying, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I appointed you a prophet to the nations.” (1:4-5)

  • Inference: “Then I said, ‘Ah, Lord God! Behold, I do not know how to speak, for I am only a youth.” (1:6)
  • Inference: “But the Lord said to me, ‘Do not say, I am only a youth’; for to all to whom I send you, you shall go, and whatever I command you, you shall speak. Do not be afraid of them, for I am with you to deliver you, declares the Lord.'” (1:7-8)

2. “Then the Lord put out his hand and touched my mouth. And the Lord said to me, ‘Behold, I have put my words in your mouth. See, I have set you this day over nations and over kingdoms, to pluck up and to break down, to destroy and to overthrow, to build and to plant.'” (1:9-10)

  • Inference: “And the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘Jeremiah, what do you see?’ And I said, ‘I see an almond branch.’ Then the Lord said to me, ‘You have seen well, for I am watching over my word to perform it.'” (1:11)
  • Inference: “The word of the Lord came to me a second time, saying, ‘What do you see?’ And I said, ‘I see a boiling pot, facing away from the north.’ Then the Lord said to me, ‘Out of the north disaster shall be let loose upon all the inhabitants of the land. For behold, I am calling all the tribes of the kingdoms of the north, declares the Lord, and they shall come, and every one shall set his throne at the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, against all its walls all around and against all the cities of Judah. And I will declare my judgments against them, for all their evil in forsaking me. They have made offerings to other gods and worshiped the works of their own hands. But you, dress yourself for work; arise, and say to them everything that I command you. Do not be dismayed by them, lest I dismay you before them. And I, behold, I make you this day a fortified city, an iron pillar, and bronze walls, against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, its officials, its priests, and the people of the land. They will fight against you, but they shall not prevail against you, for I am with you, declares the Lord, to deliver you.'” (1:11-19)

Jeremiah 2, Israel Forsakes the Lord
1. “The word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘Go and proclaim in the hearing of Jerusalem, Thus say the Lord, I remember the devotion of your youth, your love as a bride, how you followed me in the wilderness, in a land not sown. Israel was holy to the Lord, the first fruits of his harvest. All who ate of it incurred guilt; disaster came upon them, declares the Lord.'” (2:1-3)

  • Inference: “Hear the word of the Lord, O house of Jacob, and all the clans of the house of Israel. Thus says the Lord: ‘What wrong did your fathers find in me that they went far from me, and went after worthlessness, and became worthless? They did not say, ‘Where is the Lord who brought us up from the land of Egypt, who led us in the wilderness, in a land of deserts and pits, in a land of drought and deep darkness, in a land that none passes through, where no man dwells? And I brought you into a plentiful land to enjoy its fruits and its good things. But when you came in, you defiled my land and made my heritage an abomination.'” (2:4-7)

2. “The priests did not say, ‘Where is the Lord?’ Those who handle the law did not know me; the shepherds transgressed against me; the prophets prophesied by Baal and went after things that do not profit.” (2:8)

  • Inference: “Therefore I still contend with you, declares the Lord, and with your children’s children I will contend.” (2:9)

3. “Has a nation changed it’s gods, even though they are no gods? But my people have changed their glory for that which does not profit.” (2:11)

  • Inference: “Be  appalled, O heavens, at this; be shocked, be utterly desolate, declares the Lord, for my people have committed two evils: they have forsaken me, the fountain of living waters, and hewed out cisterns for themselves, broken cisterns that can hold no water.” (2:12-13)
  • Inference: “Your evil will chastise you, and your apostasy will reprove you. Know and see that it is evil and bitter for you to forsake the Lord your God; the fear of me is not in you, declares the Lord God of hosts.” (2:19)
  • Inference: “But in the time of their trouble they say, ‘Arise and save us!’ But where are your gods that you made for yourself? Let them arise, if they can save you, in your time of trouble; for as many as your cities are your gods, O Judah.” (2:27-28)
  • Inference: “Behold, I will bring you to judgment for saying, ‘I have not sinned.’ How much you go about, changing your way!” (2:35-36)

Jeremiah 3, Faithless Israel Called to Repentance

1. “If a man divorces his wife and she goes from him and becomes another man’s wife, will he return to her? Would not that land be greatly polluted? You have played the whore with many lovers; and would you return to me? declares the Lord.” (3:1)

  • Inference: “You have polluted the land with your vile whoredom. Therefore the showers have been withheld, and the spring rain has not come; yet you have the forehead of a whore; you refuse to be ashamed.” (3:2-3)

2. “The Lord said to me in the days of King Josiah: ‘Have you seen what she did, that faithless one, Israel, how she went up on every high hill and under every green tree, and there played the whore: And I thought, ‘After she has done all this she will return to me,’ but she did not return, and her treacherous sister Judah saw it. She saw that for all the adulteries of that faithless one, Israel, I had sent her away with a decree of divorce. Yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear, but she too went and played the whore. Because she took her whoredom lightly, she polluted the land, committing adultery with stone and tree. Yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah did not return to me with her whole heart, but in pretense, declares the Lord.” (3:6-10)

  • Inference: “And the Lord said to me, ‘Faithless Israel has shown herself more righteous than treacherous Judah. Go, and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, ‘Return, faithless Israel, declares the Lord. I will not look on you in anger, for I am merciful, declares the Lord; I will not be angry forever. Only acknowledge your guilt, that you rebelled against the Lord your God and scattered your favors among foreigners under every green tree, and that you have not obeyed my voice, declares the Lord. Return, O faithless children, declares the Lord; for I am your master; I will take you, one from a city and two from a family, and I will bring you to Zion.” (3:11-14)

3. “And I will give you shepherds after my own heart, who will feed you with knowledge and understanding.” (3:15)

  • Inference: “And when you have multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, declares the Lord, they shall no more say, ‘The ark of the covenant of the Lord.’ It shall not come to mind or be remembered or missed; it shall not be made again. At that time Jerusalem shall be called the throne of the Lord, and all nations shall gather to it, to the presence of the Lord in Jerusalem, and they shall no more stubbornly follow their own evil heart. In those days the house of Judah shall join the house of Israel, and together they shall come from the land of the north to the land that I gave your fathers for a heritage.” (3:16-18)

4. “But from our youth the shameful thing has devoured all for which our fathers labored, their flocks and their herds, their sons and their daughters.” (3:24)

  • Inference: “Let us lie down in our shame, and let our dishonor cover us. For we have sinned against the Lord our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even to this day, and we have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God.” (3:25)

Week #95; Wed, Oct 23: Jeremiah 4-9

Week #95; Wed, Oct 23: Jeremiah 4:1–9:26

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:

1. Please click https://jwaministries.net/wp for all archived postings with search tools to query across all postings.

2. Even though God stands ready to destroy Israel and Judah, He says, “yet I will not make a full end.”

  • Inference: God has an overall “master plan” to restore His people Israel and Judah after the pending exile(s), therefore preserving an unbroken linage leading to the birth and life of His Son, Jesus Christ. Likewise, His plan includes restoration of His “pure kingdom” in heaven which must have an unbroken thread to and from Jesus across all time that extends into eternity. Watch for it through all of the prophets.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Jeremiah 4, Disaster in the North
1. “If you return, O Israel, declares the Lord, to me you should return. If you remove your detestable things from my presence, and do not waver, and if you swear, ‘As the Lord lives,’ in truth, in justice, and in righteousness, then nations shall bless themselves in him, and in him shall they glory.” (4:1-2)

  • Inference: “Declare in Judah, and proclaim in Jerusalem, and say, ‘Blow the trumpet through the land; cry aloud and say, ‘Assemble, and let us go into the fortified cities!’ Raise a standard toward Zion, flee for safety, stay not, for I bring disaster from the north, and great destruction. A lion has gone up from his thicket, a destroyer of nations has set out; he has gone out from his place to make your land a waste; your cities will be ruins without inhabitant. For this put on sackcloth, lament and wail, for the fierce anger of the Lord has not turned back from us.” (4:5-8)

2. “In that day, declares the Lord, courage shall fail both king and officials. The priests shall be appalled and the prophets astounded.” (4:9)

  • Inference: “Then I said, ‘Ah, Lord God, surely you have utterly deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, ‘It shall be well with you,’ whereas the sword has reached their very life.'” (4:10)
  • Inference: “O Jerusalem, wash your heart from evil, that you may be saved. How long shall your wicked thoughts lodge within you?” (4:14)
  • Inference: “Besiegers come from a distant land; they shout against the cities of Judah. Like keepers of a field are they against her all around, because she has rebelled against me, declares the Lord. Your ways and your deeds have brought this upon you. This is your doom, and it is bitter; it has reached you very heart.” (4:16-18)

3. The Lord’s anguish over Judah’s desolation: “My anguish, my anguish! I writhe in pain! Oh the walls of my heart! My heart is beating wildly; I cannot keep silent, for I hear the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.” (4:19)

  • Inference: “For my people are foolish; they know me not; they are stupid children; they have no understanding. They are ‘wise’ in doing evil! But how to do good they know not.” (4:22)
  • Inference: “For thus says the Lord, ‘The whole land shall be a desolation; yet I will not make a full end. For this the earth shall mourn, and the heavens above be dark; for I have spoken; I have proposed; I have not relented, nor will I turn back.'” (4:27-28)

Jeremiah 5, Jerusalem Refused to Repent
1. “Run to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, look and take note! Search her squares to see if you can find a man, one who does justice and seeks truth, that I may pardon her.” (5:1)

  • Inference: “Though they say, ‘As the Lord lives,’ yet they swear falsely. O Lord, do not your eyes look for truth? You have struck them down, but they felt no anguish; you have consumed them, but they refused to take corrections. They have made their faces harder than rock; they have refused to repent.” (5:2-3)

2. “How can I pardon you? Your children have forsaken me and have sworn by those who are no gods. When I fed them to the full, they committed adultery and trooped to the houses of whores. They were well-fed, lusty stallions, each neighing for his neighbor’s wife. Shall I not punish them for these things? declares the Lord; and shall I not avenge myself on a nation such as this?” (5:7-9)

  • Inference: “Go up through her vine rows and destroy, but make not a full end; strip away her branches, for they are not the Lord’s. For the house of Israel and the house of Judah have been utterly treacherous to me, declares the Lord. They have spoken falsely of the Lord and have said, ‘He will do nothing; no disaster will come upon us, nor shall we see sword or famine. The prophets will become wind; the word is not in them. Thus shall it be done to them!'” (5:10-13)

3. “But even in those days, declares the Lord, I will not make a full end of you. And when your people say, ‘Why has the Lord our God done all these things to us?’ you shall say to them, ‘As you have forsaken me and served foreign gods in your land, so you shall serve foreigners in a land that is not yours.'” (5:18-19)

  • Inference: “An appalling and horrible thing has happened in the land: the prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests rule at their direction; my people love to have it so, but what will you do when the end comes?” (5:30-31)

Jeremiah 6, Impending Disaster for Jerusalem
1. “To whom shall I speak and give warning, that they may hear? Behold, their ears are uncircumcised, they cannot listen; behold, the word of the Lord is to them an object of scorn; they take no pleasure in it.” (6:10)

  • Inference: “Therefore I am full of the wrath of the Lord; I am weary of holding it in. Pour it out upon the children in the street, and upon the gatherings of young men, also; both husband and wife shall be taken, the elderly and the very aged. Their houses shall be turned over to others, their fields and wives together, for I will stretch out my hand against the inhabitants of the land, declares the Lord.” (6:11-12)

2. “Thus says the Lord: ‘Stand by the roads, and look, and ask for the ancient paths, where the good way is; and walk in it, and find rest for your souls. But they said, ‘We will not walk in it.’ I set watchmen over you, saying, ‘Pay attention to the sound of the trumpet! But they said, ‘We will not pay attention.'” (6:16-17)

  • Inference: “Therefore hear, O nations, and know, O congregation, what will happen to them. Hear, O earth; behold, I am bringing disaster upon this people, the fruit of their devices, because they have not paid attention to my words; and as for my law, they have rejected it.” (6:18-19)
  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord: ‘Behold, I will lay before this people stumbling blocks against which they shall stumble; fathers and sons together, neighbor and friend shall perish.'” (6:21-22)

3. “Behold, a people is coming from the north country, a great nation is stirring from the farthest parts of the earth. They lay hold on bow and javelin; they are cruel and have no mercy; the sound of them is like the roaring sea; they ride on horses, set in array as a man for battle, against you, O daughter of Zion!” (6:22-23)

  • Inference: “Go not out into the field, nor walk on the road, for the enemy has a sword; terror is on every side.” (6:25)

Jeremiah 7, Evil in the Land

1. “The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord: ‘Stand in the gate of the Lord’s house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the Lord, all you men of Judah who enter these gates to worship the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Amend your ways and your deeds and I will let you dwell in this place. Do not trust in these deceptive words: ‘This is the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord.'” (7:1-4)

  • Inference: “For if you truly amend your ways and your deeds, if you truly execute justice one with another, if you do not oppress the sojourner, the fatherless, or the widow, or shed innocent blood in this place, and if you do not go after other gods to your own harm, then I will let you dwell in this place, in the land that I gave of old to your fathers forever.” (7:5-7)

2. “Behold, you trust in deceptive words to no avail. Will you steal, murder, commit adultery, swear falsely, make offerings to Baal, and go after other gods that you have not known, and then come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, ‘We are delivered!–only to go on doing all these abominations? Has this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, I myself have seen it, declares the Lord. Go now to my place that was in Shiloh, where I made my name dwell at first, and see what I did to it because of the evil of my people Israel.” (7:8-12″

  • Inference: “And now, because you have done all these things, declares the Lord, and when I spoke to you persistently you did not listen, and when I called you, you did not listen, and when I called you, you did not answer, therefore I will do to the house that is called by my name, and in which you trust, and to the place that I gave to you and to your fathers, as I did to Shiloh. And I will cast you out of my sight, as I cast out all your kinsmen, all the offspring of Ephraim.” (7:13-15)
  • Inference: “As for you, do not pray for this people, or lift up a cry or prayer for them, and do not intercede with me, for I will not hear you.” (7:16)

3. “But this command I gave them: ‘Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and you shall be my people. And walk in all the way that I command you, that it may be well with you.'” (7:23)

  • Inference: “But they did not obey or incline their ear, but walked in their own counsels and the stubbornness of their evil hearts, and went backward and not forward.” (7:24)

4. “For the sons of Judah have done evil in my sight, declares the Lord. They have set their detestable things in the house that is called by my name, to defile it. And they have built the high places of Topeheth, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, nor did it come into my mind.” (7:30-31)

  • Inference: “Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when it will no more be called Topheth, or the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter; for they will bury in Topheth, because there is no room elsewhere.” (7:32)

Jeremiah 8, Bones in the Open
1. “At that time, declares the Lord, the bones of the kings of Judah, the bones of its officials, the bones of the priests, the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem shall be brought out of their tombs. And they shall be spread before the sun and the moon and all the host of heaven, which they have loved and served, which they have gone after, and which they have sought and worshiped. And they shall not be gathered or buried, They shall be as dung on the surface of the ground.” (8:1-2)

  • Inference: “Death shall be preferred to life by all the remnant that remains of this evil family in all the places where I have driven them, declares the Lord of hosts.” (8:3)

2. “Behold, the cry of the daughter of my people from the length and breadth of the land: ‘Is the Lord not in Zion? Is her King not in her? Why have they provoked me to anger with their carved images and with their foreign idols?'” (8:19)

  • Inference: “Is there no balm in Gilead? Is there no physician there? Why then has the health of the daughter of my people not been restored?” (8:22)

Jeremiah 9, Grieving for the Slain
1. “Oh that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people! Oh that I had in the desert a travelers’ lodging place, that I might leave my people and go away from them! For they are all adulterers, a company of treacherous men. They bend their tongue like a bow; falsehood and not truth has grown strong in the land; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they do not know me, declares the Lord.” (9:1-3)

  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Behold, I will refine them and test them, for what else can I do, because of my people? Their tongue is a deadly arrow; it speaks deceitfully; with his mouth each speaks peace to his neighbor, but in his heart he plans an ambush for him. Shall I not punish them for these things? declares the Lord, and shall I not avenge myself on a nation such as this?” (9:7-9)

2. “Who is the man so wise that he can understand this? To whom has the mouth of the Lord spoken, that he may declare it? Why is the land ruined and laid waste like a wilderness, so that no one passes through? And the Lord says: ‘Because they have forsaken my law that I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice or walked in accord with it, but have stubbornly followed their own hearts and have gone after the Baals, as their fathers taught them.” (9:12-14)

  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will feed this people with bitter food, and give them poisonous water to drink. I will scatter them among the nations whom neither they nor their fathers have known, and I will send the sword after them, until I have consumed them.” (9:15-16)

3. “Thus says the Lord: ‘Let not the wise man boast in his wisdom, let not the mighty man boast in his might, let not the rich man boast in his riches, but let him who boasts boast in this, that he understands and knows me, that I am the Lord who practices steadfast love, justice, and righteousness in the earth. For in these things I delight, declares the Lord.” (9:23-24)

  • Inference: “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will punish all those who are circumcised merely in the flesh–Egypt, Judah, Edom, the sons of Ammon, Moab, and all who dwell in the desert who cut the corners of their hair, for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in heart.” (9:25-26)

Week #96; Wed, Oct 30: Jeremiah 10-16

Week #96; Wed, Oct 30: Jeremiah 10:1–16:21

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:

1. It appears that a larger biblical context is unfolding as we reflect back to our first week in 2018 and look forward to our final week in 2020.

  • Inference: Thoughts on the depth and breadth of God’s works seems to come to mind as we proceed in Jeremiah and as we are led by the Holy Spirit.
  • Inference: One such though filled my mind on God’s free-grace and our free-will that unfolded like this:
    1. Isaiah 14 addresses the war in heaven and Satans fall along with his not so angelic followers.
    2. Lucifer’s pride escaped his internal controls and he and his followers exercised their free-will to contend with God over ruling God’s kingdom, a big mistake although God knew the outcome before hand.
    3. The split resulted in a ratio of 2/3 of the angels opting for God’s side and 1/3 of the angels opting for Lucifer’s side.
    4. When humans were created, God gave them free-will just like the angels.
    5. Our free-will to exercise our choice to follow God or not has similar consequences as the angels.
    6. We will soon read how Jesus died for all; however, God will only accept believers back into His kingdom.
    7. God already knows who will become a believer and He sealed their names in the Lamb’s Book of Life before the foundation of the world.
    8. Someone asked me how God would permit some to be condemned and not want them all back in His kingdom.
    9. It has to be that God wants a restored pure kingdom where He will know that believers want to be on His side and not Satan’s side.
    10. I pictured all of the above at the breakfast table using a paper plate and the salt and pepper.
    11. I poured out a small quantity of both on the plate in separate piles for angels and humans.
    12. I then divided each pile into two to represent the free-will of angels and humans.
    13. By God’s free-grace, He knew which grain of each would be in which pile.
    14. So, our earthly environment is a temporary testing or proving ground.
    15. Yet, God knows the eternal outcome of our free-will choices that we make now here on earth.
    16. He is testing us now with His free-grace to enable us to make a free-will choice to believe.
    17. God sent Jesus to die for all, but we have to believe in Him and more than that, we must develop our relationship with Him from that point on.
    18. I visualize interlocking the fingers of our hands to imagine how tight our relationship should be.
    19. How tight is your relationship with Jesus, feel the presence of the Holy Spirit that He sent us.
    20. He already knows what you will do, just follow His Spirit.
  • Inference: Read on, Scripture gets richer and richer, particularly if it is read as one book containing all of God’s interrelated Word.

2. See click www.jwaministries.net in paragraph 1C for suggested software for quick text searches including a dramatized audio version.

3. Please click https://jwaministries.net/wp for all archived postings on page 1 and expanded reference list on page 3.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Jeremiah 10, Idols and the Living God
1. “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens because the nations are dismayed at them, for the customs of the peoples are vanity. A tree from the forest is cut down and worked with an axe by the hands of a craftsman. They decorate it with silver and gold; they fasten it with hammer and nails so that it cannot move. Their idols are like scarecrows in a cucumber field, and they cannot speak; the have to be carried, for they cannot walk. Do not be afraid of them, for they cannot do evil, neither is it in them to do good.” (10:2-5)

  • Inference: “But the Lord is the true God; he is the living God and the everlasting King. At his wrath the earth quakes, and the nations cannot endure his indignation.” (10:10)
  • Inference: “Thus shall you say to them: ‘The gods who did not make the heavens and the earth shall perish from the earth and from under the heavens.'” (10:11)
  • Inference: “It is he who made the earth by his power, who established the world by his wisdom, and by his understanding stretched out the heavens.” (10:12)
  • Inference: “Pour out your wrath on the nations that know you not, and on the peoples that call not on your name, for they have devoured Jacob; they have devoured him and consumed him, and have laid waste his habitation.” (10:25)

Jeremiah 11, The Broken Covenant
1. “The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord: ‘Hear the words of this covenant, and speak to the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. You shall say to them, Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel. Cursed be the man who does not hear the words of this covenant that I commanded your fathers when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, Listen to my voice, and do all that I command you. So shall you be my people, and I will be your God, that I may confirm the oath that I swore to your fathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as at this day.’ Then I answered, ‘So be it, Lord.'” (11:1-5)

  • Inference: “And the Lord said to me, ‘Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem: Hear the words of this covenant and do them. For I solemnly warned your fathers when I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, warning them persistently, even to this day, saying, Obey my voice. Yet they did not obey or incline their ear, but everyone walked in the stubbornness of his evil heart. Therefore I brought upon them all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do, but they did not.” (11:6-8)
  • Inference: “Again the Lord said to me, ‘A conspiracy exists among the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. They have turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, who refused to hear my words.They have gone after other gods to serve them. The house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant that I made with their fathers.'” (11:9-10)
  • Inference: “‘Therefore, thus says the Lord, Behold, I am bringing disaster upon them that they cannot escape. Though they cry to me, I will not listen to them. Then the cities of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem will go and cry to the gods to whom they make offerings, but they cannot save them in the time of their trouble.'” (11:11-12)

2. “Can even sacrificial flesh avert your doom? Can you then exult?” (10:15)

  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the men of Anathoth (city near Jerusalem), who seek your life, and say, ‘Do not prophesy in the name of the Lord, or you will die by our hand’–therefore thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Behold, I will punish them. The young men shall die by the sword, their sons and their daughters shall die by famine, and none of them shall be left. For I will bring disaster upon the men of Anathoth, the year of their punishment.'” (11:21-23)

Jeremiah 12, Jeremiah’s Complaint
1. “Righteous are you, O Lord, when I complain to you; yet I would plead my case before you. Why does the way of the wicked prosper? Why do all who are treacherous thrive?” (12:1)

  • Inference: “You plant them, and they take root; they grow and produce fruit; you are near in their mouth and far from their heart.” (12:2)

2. “But you, O Lord, know me; you see me, and test my heart toward you. Pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and set them apart for the day of slaughter.” (12:3)

  • Inference: “How long will the land mourn and the grass of every field wither? For the evil of those who dwell in it the beasts and the birds are swept away, because they said, ‘He will not see our latter end.'” (12:4)

3. “Thus says the Lord concerning all my evil neighbors who touch the heritage that I have my people Israel to inherit: ‘Behold, I will pluck them up from their land, and I will pluck up the house of Judah from among them.'” (12:14)

  • Inference: “And after I have plucked them up, I will again have compassion on them, and I will bring them again each to his heritage and each to his land. And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, ‘As the Lord lives,’ even as they taught my people to swear by Baal, then they shall be built up in the midst of my people. But if any nation will not listen, then I will utterly pluck it up and destroy it, declares the Lord.” (12:15-17)

Jeremiah 13, The Ruined Loincloth
1. “Thus says the Lord to me, ‘Go and buy a linen loincloth and put it around your waist, and do not dip it in water.’ So I bought a loincloth according to the word of the Lord, and I put it around my waist. And the word of the Lord came to me a second time, ‘Take the loincloth that you have bought, which is around your waist, and arise, go to the Euphrates and hide it there in a cleft of the rock.’ So I went and hid it by the Euphrates, as the Lord commanded me.” (13:1-5)

  • Inference: “And after many days, the Lord said to me, ‘Arise, go to the Euphrates, and take from there the loincloth that I commanded you to hide there.’ Then I went to the Euphrates, and dug, and I took the loincloth from the place where I had hidden it. And behold, the loincloth was spoiled, it was good for nothing.” (13:6-7)

2. “Then the word of the Lord came to me: ‘Thus says the Lord: Even so will I spoil the pride of Judah and the great pride of Jerusalem. This evil people, who refuse to hear my words, who stubbornly follow their own heart and have gone after other gods to serve them and worship them, shall be like this loincloth, which is good for nothing.” (13:8-10)

  • Inference: “For as the loincloth clings to the waist of a man, so I made the whole house of Israel and the whole house of Judah cling to me, declares the Lord, that they  might be for me a people, a name, a praise, and a glory, but they would not listen.” (13:11)
  • Inference: “You shall speak to them this word: ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘Every jar shall be filled with wine.’ And they will say to you, ‘Do we not indeed know that every jar will be filled with wine?’ Then you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord: Behold, I will fill with drunkenness all the inhabitants of this land: the kings who sit on David’s throne, the priests, the prophets, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And I will dash them one against another, fathers and sons together, declares the Lord. I will not pity or spare or have compassion, that I should not destroy them.'” (13:12-14)

3. “But if you will not listen, my soul will weep in secret for your pride; my eyes will weep bitterly and run down with tears, because the Lord’s flock has been taken captive.” (13:17)

  • Inference: “And if you say in your heart, ‘Why have these things come upon me?’ it is for the greatness of your iniquity that your skirts are lifted up and you suffer violence.” (13:22)
  • Inference: “I will scatter you like chaff driven by the wind from the desert.” (13:24)
  • Inference: “I have seen your abominations, your adulteries and neighing, your lewd whorings, on the hills in the field. Woe to you, O Jerusalem! How long will it be before you are made clean?” (13:27)

Jeremiah 14, Famine, Sword, and Pestilence
1. “The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah concerning the drought.” (14:1)

  • Inference: “Judah mourns, and her gates languish; her people lament on the ground, and the cry of Jerusalem goes up. Her nobles send their servants for water; they come to the cisterns; they find no water; they return with their vessels empty; they are ashamed and confounded and cover their heads.” (14:2-3)
  • Inference: “Though our iniquities testify against us, act, O Lord, for your name’s sake; for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against you.” (14:7)

2. “Thus says he Lord concerning this people: ‘They have loved to wander thus; they have not restrained their feet; therefore the Lord does not accept them; now he will remember their iniquity and punish their sins.'” (14:10)

  • Inference: “The Lord said to me: ‘Do not pray for the welfare of this people. Though they fast, I will not hear their cry, and though they offer burnt offering and grain offering, I will not accept them. But I will consume them by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence.‘” (14:11-12)

3. “Then I said: ‘Ah, Lord God, behold, the prophets say to them, ‘You shall not see the sword, nor shall you have famine, but I will give you assured peace in this place.'” (14:13)

  • Inference: “And the Lord said to me: ‘The prophets are prophesying lies in my name. I did not send them, nor did I command them or speak to them. They are prophesying to you a lying vision, worthless divination, and the deceit of their own minds. Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the prophets who prophesy in my name although I did not send them, and who say, ‘Sword and famine shall not come upon this land’: By sword and famine those prophets shall be consumed. And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem, victims of famine and sword, with none to bury them–them, their wives, their sons, and their daughters. for I will pour out their evil upon them.” (14:14-16)

Jeremiah 15, The Lord Will Not Relent
1. “Then he Lord said to me, ‘Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, yet my heart would not turn toward this people. Send them out of my sight, and let them go! And when they ask you, ‘Where shall we go?’ you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord: ‘Those who are for pestilence, to pestilence, and those who are for the sword, to the sword; those who are for famine, to famine, and those who are for captivity, to captivity.'” (15:1-2) 

  • Inference: “I will appoint over them four kinds of destroyers, declares the Lord: the sword to kill, the dogs to tear, and the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy. And I will make them a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth because of what Manasseh the son of Hezekiah, king of Judah, did in Jerusalem.” (15:3-4)

2. Jeremiah complains . . . “Woe is me, my mother, that you bore me, a man of strife and contention to the whole land! I have not lent, nor have I borrowed, yet all of them curse me.” (15:10, Ex. 22:25)

  • Inference: “The Lord said, ‘Have I not set you free for their good? Have I not pleaded for you before the enemy in the time of trouble and in the time of distress? Can one break iron, iron from the north, and bronze? Your wealth and your treasures I will give as spoil, without price, for all your sins, throughout all your territory. I will make you serve your enemies in a land that you do not know, for in my anger a fire is kindled that shall burn forever.” (15:11-13)

Jeremiah 16, Famine, Sword, and Death
1. “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘You shall not take a wife, nor shall you have sons or daughters in this place. For thus says the Lord concerning the sons and daughters who are born in this place, and concerning the mothers who bore them and the fathers wh0 fathered them in this land: ‘They shall die of deadly diseases. They shall not be lamented, nor shall they be buried. They shall be as dung on the surface of the ground. They shall perish by the sword and by famine, and their dead bodies shall be food for the birds of the air and for the beasts of the earth.'” (16:1-4)

  • Inference: “You shall not go into the house of feasting to sit with them, to eat and drink.” (16:8)
  • Inference: “For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will silence in this place, before your eyes and in your days, the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride.” (16:9)

2. “And when you tell this people all these words, and they say to you, ‘Why has the Lord pronounced all this great evil against us? What is our iniquity? What is the sin that we have committed against the Lord our God?'” (16:10)

  • Inference: “. . . then you shall say to them: ‘Because your fathers have forsaken me, declares the Lord, and have gone after other gods and have served and worshiped them, and have forsaken me and have not kept my law, and because you have done worse than your fathers, for behold, every one of you follows his stubborn evil will, refusing to listen to me. Therefore I will hurl you out of this land into a land that neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you shall serve other gods day and night, for I will show you no favor.'” (16:11-13)

3. The Lord Will Restore Israel. “Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when it shall no longer be said, ‘As the Lord lives who brought up the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt,’ but ‘As the Lord lives who brought up the people of Israel out of the north country and out of all countries where he had driven them.’ For I will bring them back to their own land that I gave to their fathers.” (16:14-15)

  • Inference: “Therefore, behold, I will make them know, this once I will make them know my power and my might, and they shall know that my name is the Lord.” (16:21)