Week #90; Wed, Sep 18: Isaiah 30:1–37:38

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. It appears to be entirely possible to read the terms “The Lord” and “Angel of the Lord” as Jesus in the Old Testament.

  • Inference: See: www.gotquestions.org and search on the question, “Is Jesus in the Old Testament?”

2. In reading this prophet, I seem to find a pattern of good versus bad. By picking out the major points for reflection, I find that either a good or bad point is followed with the impact of taking one position or another as noted by the “inferences” within each chapter. Two Greek words help decompose the text: “kairos” and “chronos.” See: www.gotquestions.org and search on the question, “What is the meaning of the Greek word kairos?”

  • Inference: In seeking out the major points, it seems well to keep the Greek terms “kairos” and “chronos” in mind to reveal God’s macro view and the limited human micro view. Kairos portends past, present, and future views all at the same time (omnipotence) as only God can do. Chronos is limited to a step by step view that confines humans to the limits of our chronological clock.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Isaiah 30, Do Not Go Down to Egypt
1. “Ah, stubborn children,” declares the Lord, “who carry out a plan, but not mine, and who make an alliance, but not of my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin; who set out to go down to Egypt, without asking for my direction, to take refuge in the protection of Pharaoh and seek shelter in the shadow of Egypt!” (30:1-2)

  • Inference: “. . . everyone comes to shame through a people that cannot profit them, that brings neither help nor profit, but shame and disgrace.” (30:5)
  • Inference: “For they are a rebellious people, lying children, children unwilling to hear the instruction of the Lord; who say to the seers, ‘Do not see,’ and the prophets, ‘do not prophesy to us what is right; speak to us smooth things, prophesy illusions, leave the way, turn aside from the path, let us hear no more about the Holy One of Israel.'” (30:9-12)

2. “For thus said the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel, ‘In returning and rest you shall be saved; in quietness and in trust shall be your strength. But you were unwilling, and you said, ‘No! We will flee upon horses’; therefore you shall flee away; and, ‘We will ride upon swift steeds’; therefore your pursuers shall be swift.'” (30:15-16)

  • Inference: “Therefore the Lord waits to be gracious to you, and therefore he exalts himself to show mercy to you. For the Lord is a God of justice; blessed are all those who wait for him.” (30:18)

3. “For a people shall dwell in Zion, in Jerusalem; you shall weep no more. He will surely be gracious to you at the sound of your cry. As soon as he hears it, he answers you.” (30:19)

  • Inference: “And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, yet your Teacher will not hide himself anymore, but your eyes shall see your Teacher.” (30:20)
  • Inference: “And your ears shall hear a word behind you, saying, ‘This is the way, walk in it,’ when you turn to the right or when you turn to the left.” (30:21)
  • Inference: “Then you will defile your carved idols overlaid with silver and your gold-plated metal images, You will scatter them as unclean things. You will say to them, ‘Be gone.'” (30:22)

4. “The Assyrians will be terror-stricken at the voice of the Lord, when he strikes with his rod.” (30:31)

  • Inference: “And every stroke of the appointed staff that the Lord lays on them will be to the sound of tambourines and lyres. Battling with brandished arm, he will fight with them. For a burning place has long been prepared; indeed, for the king it is made ready, its pyre made deep and wide, with fire and wood in abundance; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of sulfur, kindles it.” (30:32-33)

Isaiah 31, Woe to Those Who Go Down to Egypt
1. “Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help and rely on horses, who trust in chariots because they are many and in horsemen because they are very strong, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel or consult the Lord!” (31:1)

  • Inference: “The Egyptians are man, and not God, and their horses are flesh, and not spirit.” (31:3)
  • Inference: “When the Lord stretches out his hand, the helper will stumble, and he who is helped will fall, and they will all perish together.” (31:3)
  • Inference: “. . . so the Lord of hosts will come down to fight on Mount Zion and on its hill. Like birds hovering, so the Lord of hosts will protect Jerusalem; he will protect and deliver it; he will spare and rescue it.” (31:4-5)

2. “Turn to him from whom people have deeply revolted, O children of Israel. For in that day everyone shall cast away his idols of silver and his idols of gold, which your hands have sinfully made for you.” (31:6-9)

  • Inference: “And the Assyrian shall fall by a sword, not of man; and a sword, not of man, shall devour him; and he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be put to forced labor.” (31:8)

Isaiah 32, A King Will Reign in Righteousness
1. “Behold, a king will reign in righteousness, and princes will rule in justice.” (32:1)

  • Inference: “Each will be like a hiding place from the wind, a shelter from the storm, like streams of water in a dry place, like the shade of a great rock in a weary land.” (32:2)

2. “As for the scoundrel–his devices are evil; he plans wicked schemes to ruin the poor with lying words, even when the plea of the needy is right.” (32:7)

  • Inference: “But he who is noble plans noble things, and on noble things he stands.” (32:8)

3. “Rise up, you women who are at ease, hear my voice; you complacent daughters, give ear to my speech.” (32:9)

  • Inference: “For the palace is forsaken, the populous city deserted; the hill and the watchtower will become dens forever, a joy of wild donkeys, a pasture of flocks; until the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is deemed a forest.” (32:14-15)
  • Inference: “Then justice will dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness abide in the fruitful field. And the effect of righteousness will be peace, and the rest of righteousness, quietness and trust forever.” (32:16-17)
  • Inference: “My people will abide in a peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings, and in quiet resting places.” (32:18)

Isaiah 33, O Lord, Be Gracious to Us
1. “Ah, you destroyer, who yourself have not been destroyed, you traitor, whom none has betrayed! When you have ceased to destroy, you will be destroyed; and when you have finished betraying, they will betray you.” (33:1)

  • Inference: “O Lord, be gracious to us; we wait for you. Be our arm every morning, our salvation in time of trouble.” (33:2)
  • Inference: “The Lord is exalted, for he dwells on high; he will fill Zion with justice and righteousness, and he will be the stability of your times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge; the fear of the Lord is Zion’s treasure.” (33:5-6)
  • Inference: “‘Now I will arise,” says the Lord, ‘now I will lift myself up; now I will be exalted.'” (33:10)
  • Inference: “Your eyes will behold the king in his beauty; they will see a land that stretches afar.” (33:17)
  • Inference; “Behold Zion, the city of our appointed feasts! Your eyes will see Jerusalem, an untroubled habitation, an immovable tent, whose stakes will never be plucked up, nor will any of its cords be broken.” (33:20)

Isaiah 34, Judgment on the Nations
1. “Draw near, O nations, to hear, and give attention, O peoples! Let the earth hear, and all that fills it; the world, and all that comes from it. For the Lord is enraged against all the nations, and furious against all their host; he has devoted them to destruction, has given them over for slaughter. Their slain shall be cast out, and the stench of the corpses shall rise; the mountains shall flow with their blood.” (34:1-3)

  • Inference: “For the Lord has a day of vengeance, a war of recompense for the cause of Zion. (34:8)
  • Inference: “Seek and read from the book of the Lord . . .” (34:16)

Isaiah 35, The Ransomed Shall Return
1. “Say to those who have an anxious heart, ‘Be strong; fear not! Behold, your God will come with vengeance, with the recompense of God. He will come and save you.'” (35:4)

  • Inference: “Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped; then shall the lame man leap like a deer, and the tongue of the mute sing for joy.” (35:5-6)
  • Inference: “And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and come to Zion with singing; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.” (35:10)

Isaiah 36, Sennacherib Invades Judah
1. “In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and took them. And the king of Assyria sent the Rabshakeh (a high ranking Assyrian military officer) from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem, with a great army.” (36:1-3)

  • Inference: After hearing the demands of the Assyrian officer, “Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn, and told him the words of the Rabshakeh.” (36:22)

Isaiah 37, Hezekiah Seeks Isaiah’s Help
1. “As soon as King Hezekiah heard it, he tore his clothes and covered himself with sackcloth and went into the house of the Lord.” (37:1)

  • Inference: Hezekiah sent word to Isaiah asking him to “. . . pray for the remnant that is left.” (37:4)

2. “When the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah, Isaiah said to them, ‘Say to your master, Thus says the Lord: Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the young men of the king of Assyria have reviled me. Behold, I will put a spirit in him, so that he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land, and I will make him fall by the sword in his own land.'” (37:5)

  • Inference: “The Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria fighting against Libnah, for he had heard that the king had left Lachish.” (37:8)
  • Inference: It appears that the Rabshakeh sent more mockings to Hezekiah and when they were received, Hezekiah returned to the house of the Lord and lifted up his own prayers saying, “O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, enthroned above the cherubim, you are the God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; you have made heavens and earth. Incline your ear, O Lord, and hear; open your eyes, O Lord, and see; and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent to mock the living God. Truly, O Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations and their lands, and have cast their gods into the fire. For they were no gods, but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone. Therefore they were destroyed. So now, O Lord our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of earth know that you alone are the Lord.” (37:16-20)

3. “Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God Israel: Because you have prayed to me concerning Sennacherib king of Assyria, this is the word that the Lord has spoken concerning him . . . I will put my hook in your nose and bit in your mouth, and I will turn you back on the way by which you came.'” (37:21-22, 29)

  • Inference: “And the surviving remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and bear fruit upward. For out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant, and out of Mount Zion a band of survivors. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” (37:31-32)
  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city or shoot an arrow there or come before it with a shield or cast up a siege mound against it. By the way that he came, by the same he shall return, and he shall not come into this city, declares the Lord. For I will defend this site to save it, for my own sake and for the sake of my servant David.” (37:33-35)

4. “And the angel of the Lord went out and struck down a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies.” (37:36)

  • Inference: “Then Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and returned home and lived at Nineveh. And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammeleh and Sharezer, his sons, stuck him down with the sword.” (37:37-38)

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