Week #89; Wed, Sep 11: Isaiah 22:1–29:24

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The remainder of our blog reading schedule in the old testament (BCE-before current era of Christ or BC) covers the books of the 5 major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Daniel) and the books of the 12 minor prophets (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi).

  • Inference: The major prophets address broader topics and the minor prophets address narrower topics; the major prophets begin the books of prophecy and are longer.
  • Inference: The prophets point to Christ’s birth, sacrifice, and return.
  • Inference: God’s wrath, grace, and mercy are on display in all of the prophets.
  • Inference: The prophets apply to BCE/BC and now (CE-current era of Christ or AD).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 22, Oracle Concerning Jerusalem
1. “All your leaders have fled together; without the bow they were captured. All of you who were found were captured, though they had fled far away.” (22:3)

  • Inference: “Your choicest valleys were full of chariots, and the horsemen took their stand at the gates. He has taken away the covering of Judah.” (22:7-8)

2. “In that day you looked to the weapons of the House of the Forest, and you saw that the breaches of the city of David were many.” (22:8-9)

  • Inference: “But you did not look to him who did it, or see him who planned it long ago.” (22:11)

3. “In that day I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and I will cloth him with your robe, and will bind your sash on him, and will commit your authority to his hand. And he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. And I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. And I will fasten him like a peg in a secure place, and he will become a throne of honor to his father’s house.” (22:20-23)

  • Inference: “In that day, declares the Lord of host, the peg that was fastened in a secure place will give way, and it will be cut down and fall, and the load that was on it will be cut off, for the Lord has spoken.” (22:25)

Isaiah 23, An Oracle Concerning Tyre and Sidon
1. Tyre and Sidon are port cities on the Mediterranean Sea in Lebanon and existed before Christ; they suffered defeats from Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander the Great, and Persia’s Artexarxes. They also supplied building materials and furnishings for Solomon’s first temple and for the rebuilding of the temple in Ezra’s time.

  • Inference: “Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste, without house or harbor!” (23:1)

2. “The Lord of hosts has purposed it, to defile the pompous pride of all glory, to dishonor all the honored of the earth.” (23:9)

  • Inference: “He has stretched out his hand over the sea; he has shaken the kingdoms; the Lord has given command concerning Canaan to destroy its strongholds.” (23:11)
  • Inference: “In that day Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years, like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years, it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the prostitute . . .” (23:15)
  • Inference: “At the end of seventy years, the Lord will visit Tyre, and she will return to her wages and will prostitute herself with all the kingdoms of the world on the face of the earth. Her merchandise and her wages will be holy to the Lord. It will not be stored or hoarded, but her merchandise will supply abundant food and fine clothing for those who dwell before the Lord.” (23:17-18)

Isaiah 24, Judgment on the Whole Earth
1. “Behold, the Lord will empty the earth and make it desolate, and he will twist its surface and scatter its inhabitants. And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the slave, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the creditor, so with the debtor. The earth shall be utterly empty and utterly plundered; for the Lord has spoken this word.” (24:1-3)

  • Inference: “The earth lies defiled under its inhabitants; for they have transgressed the laws, violated the statutes, broken the everlasting covenant.” (24:5)
  • Inference: “Terror and the pit and the snare are upon you, O inhabitant of the earth!” (24:17)

2. “On that day the Lord will punish the host of heaven, in heaven, and the kings of the earth, on the earth.” (24:21)

  • Inference: “They will be gathered together as prisoners in a pit; they will be shut up in a prison, and after many days they will be punished.” (24:22)
  • Inference: “Then the moon will be confounded and the sun ashamed, for the Lord of hosts reigns on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and his glory will be before his elders.” (24:23)

Isaiah 25, God Will Swallow Up Death Forever
1. “O Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you; I will praise your name, for you have done wonderful things, plans formed of old, faithful and sure.” (25:1)

  • Inference: “On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-aged wine, of rich food full of marrow, of aged wine well refined.” (25:6)

2. “He will swallow up death forever; and the Lord God will wipe away tears from all faces, and the reproach of his people he will take away from all the earth, for the Lord has spoken.” (25:8)

  • Inference: “It will be said on that day, ‘Behold, this is our God; we have waited for him that he might save us. This is the Lord; we have waited for him; let us be glad and rejoice in his salvation.'” (25:9)

Isaiah 26, You Keep Him in Perfect Peace
1. “Trust in the Lord forever, for the Lord God is an everlasting rock. For he has humbled the inhabitants of the height, the lofty city. He lays it low, lays it low to the ground, casts it to the dust.” (26:4-5)

  • Inference: “The path of the righteous is level; you make level the way of the righteous.” (26:7)
  • Inference: “If favor is shown to the wicked, he does not learn righteousness; in the land of uprightness he deals corruptly and does not see the majesty of the Lord.” (26:10)

2. “Your dead shall live; their bodies shall rise. You who dwell in the dust, awake and sing for joy! For your dew is a dew of light, and the earth will give birth to the dead.” (26:19)

  • Inference: “For behold, the Lord is coming out from his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity, and the earth will disclose the blood shed on it, and will no more cover its slain.” (26:21)

Isaiah 27, The Redemption of Israel
1. “In that day the Lord with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea.” (27:1)

  • Inference: “In days to come Jacob shall take root, Israel shall blossom and put forth shoots and fill the whole world with fruit.” (27:6)

2. In that day from the river Euphrates to the Brook of Egypt the Lord will thresh out the grain, and you will be gleaned one by one, O people of Israel. (27:12)

  • Inference: “And in that day a great trumpet will be blown, and those who were lost in the land of Assyria and those who were driven out to the land of Egypt will come and worship the Lord on the holy mountain at Jerusalem.” (27:13)

Isaiah 28, Judgment on Ephraim and Jerusalem
1. “Behold, the Lord has one who is mighty and strong; like a storm of hail, a destroying tempest, like a storm of mighty, overflowing waters, he casts down to the earth with his hand.” (28:2)

  • Inference: “The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim will be trodden underfoot . . .” (28:3)

2. “In that day the Lord of hosts will be a crown of glory, and a diadem of beauty, to the remnant of his people, and spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, and strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate.” (28:5-6)

  • Inference: “Therefore hear the word of the Lord, you scoffers, who rule this people in Jerusalem!” (28:14)

3. “. . . therefore thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold, I am the one who has laid as a foundation in Zion, a stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation: Whoever believes will not be in haste.'” (28:16)

  • Inference: John 3:16

Isaiah 29, The Siege of Jerusalem
1. “Ah, Ariel, Ariel, the city where David encamped!” (29:1)

  • Inference: “And I will encamp against you all around, and will besiege you with towers and I will raise siege works against you. And You will be brought low; from the earth you shall speak, and from the dust your speech will be bowed down; your voice shall come from the ground like the voice of a ghost, and from the dust your speech shall whisper.” (29:3-4)

2. “And in an instant, suddenly, you will be visited by the Lord of hosts with thunder and with earthquake and great noise, with whirlwind and tempest, and the flame of a devouring fire.” (29:5-6)

  • Inference: “Shall the potter be regarded as the clay, that the thing made should say of its maker, ‘He did not make me.’; or the thing formed say of him who formed it, ‘He has no understanding’? (29:16)

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