Week #88; Wed, Sep 04: Isaiah 11-21

Week #88; Wed, Sep 04: Isaiah 11:1-21:17

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The fall of Lucifer in chapter 14 is significant. The war in heaven originated when Lucifer said, “I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” (14:12-14)

2. Satan thrown down to earth is described by John in Revelation 12, “Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought back, but he was defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.” (Revelation 12:7-9)

  • Inference: It appears that kairos and chronos concepts of time impact our understanding of both Isaiah and Revelation.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 11, The Righteous Reign of the Branch
1. “There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.” (11:1)

  • Inference: “And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.” (11:2)
  • Inference: “And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord. He shall not judge by what his eyes see, or decide disputes by what his ears hear, but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked. Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist, and faithfulness the belt of his loins.” (11:3-5)
  • Inference: “The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf together; and a little child shall lead them. The cow and the bear shall graze; their young shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. The nursing child shall play over the hole of the cobra, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder’s den. They shall not hurt or destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.” (11:6-9)

2. “In that day the Lord will extend his hand yet a second time to recover the remnant that remains of his people, from Assyria, from Egypt, from Pathros, from Cush, from Elam, from Shinar, from Hamath, and from the coastlands of the sea.” (11:11)

  • Inference: “He will raise a signal for the nations and will assemble the banished of Israel, and gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.” (11:12)

Isaiah 12, The Lord Is My Strength and My Song
1. “Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and will not be afraid; for the Lord God is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation.” (12:2)

2. “Shout, and sing for joy, O inhabitant of Zion, for great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel.” (12:6)

Isaiah 13, The Judgment of Babylon
1. “The Lord of hosts is mustering a host for battle. They come from a distant land, from the end of the heavens, the Lord and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.” (13:4-5)

  • Inference: “Behold, the day of the Lord comes, cruel, with wrath and fierce anger, to make the land a desolation and to destroy its sinners from it.” (13:9)
  • Inference: “For the stars of the heavens and their constellations will not give their light. I will punish the world for its evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; I will put an end to the pomp of the arrogant, and lay low the pompous pride of the ruthless.” (13:10-11)
  • Inference: “And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the splendor and pomp of the Chaldeans, will be like Sodom and Gomorrah when God overthrew them. (13:19)
  • Inference: “Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify her strong height, yet destroyers would come from me against her, declares the Lord.” (Jeremiah 51:53)

Isaiah 14, The Restoration of Jacob and The Fall of Lucifer
1. The fall of Lucifer . . . “How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star, son of Dawn! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low! You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far reaches of the north; I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.'” (14:12-14)

  • Inference: “On that day the Lord will punish the host of heaven, in heaven, and the kings of the earth, on the earth.” (24:21)
  • Inference: “Their slain shall be cast out, and the stench of their corpses shall rise; the mountains shall flow with their blood.” (34:3)
  • Inference: “If they dig into Sheol, from there shall my hand take them; if they climb up to heaven, from there I will bring them down. If they hide themselves on the top of Carmel, from there I will search them out and take them; and if they hide from my sight at the bottom of the sea, there I will command the serpent, and it shall bite them. And if they go into captivity before their enemies, there I will command the sword, and it shall kill them; and I will fix my eyes upon them for evil and not for good.” (Amos 9:2)
  • Inference: “And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You will be brought down to Hades. For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.” (Matthew 11:23; Luke 10:15, Daniel 5:22-23, and Revelation 12:7-9 pertain)

2. “I will rise up against them,” declares the Lord of hosts, “and will cut off from Babylon name and remnant, descendants and posterity,” declares the Lord. (14:22)

3. On Assyria: “I will break the Assyrian in my land, and on my mountains trample him underfoot; and his yoke shall depart from them, and his burden from their shoulder.” (14:25)

4. On Philistia: “. . . I will kill your root with famine, and your remnant it will slay.” (14:30)

5. “The Lord has founded Zion, and in her the afflicted of his people find refuge.” (14:32)

Isaiah 15, An Oracle Concerning Moab
1. “Moab is undone.” (see 15:1, and 16:13 below)

Isaiah 16, Send the Lamb
1. “This is the word that the Lord spoke concerning Moab in the past. But now the Lord has spoken, saying, ‘In three years, like the years of a hired worker, the glory of Moab will be brought into contempt, in spite of all his great multitude, and those who remain will be very few and feeble'” (16:13)

Isaiah 17, An Oracle Concerning Damascus
1. “Behold, Damascus will cease to be a city and will become a heap of ruins.” (17:1)

2. “And it shall be as when the reaper gathers standing grain and his arm harvests the ears, and as when one gleans the ears of grain in the Valley of Rephaim.” (17:5)

  • Inference: “In that day man will look to his Maker, and his eyes will look on the Holy One of Israel.” (17:7)

Isaiah 18, An Oracle Concerning Cush
1. “All you inhabitants of the world, you who dwell on the earth, when a signal is raised on the mountains, look! When a trumpet is blown, hear!” (18:3)

2. “At that time tribute will be brought to the Lord of hosts from a people tall and smooth, from a people feared near and far, a nation mighty and conquering, whose land the rivers divide, to Mount Zion, the place of the name of the Lord of hosts.” (18:7)

Isaiah 19, An Oracle Concerning Egypt
1. “Behold, the Lord is riding on a swift cloud and comes to Egypt; and the idols of Egypt will tremble at his presence, and the heart of the Egyptians will melt within them.” (19:1)

  • Inference: “And there will be nothing for Egypt that head or tail, palm branch or reed, may do.” (19:15)

2. Egypt, Assyria, Israel Blessed. “In that day the Egyptians will be like women, and tremble with fear before the hand that the Lord of hosts shakes over them. And the land of Judah will become a terror to the Egyptians. Everyone to whom it is mentioned will fear because of the purpose that the Lord of hosts has purposed against them.” (19:16-17)

  • Inference: “In that day there will be an altar to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to the Lord at its border.” (19:19)
  • Inference: “When they cry to the Lord because of oppressors, he will send them a savior and defender, and deliver them. (19:20)
  • Inference: “And the Lord will make himself known to the Egyptians, and the Egyptians will know the Lord in that day and worship with sacrifice and offering, and they will make vows to the Lord and perform them.” (19:20)

Isaiah 20, A Sign Against Egypt and Cush

1. “As my servant Isaiah has walked naked and barefoot for three years as a sign and a portent against Egypt and Cush, so shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptian captives and the Cushite exiles, both the young and the old . . . ” (20:3)

2. “And the inhabitants of this coastland will say in that day, ‘Behold, this is what has happened to those in whom we hoped and to whom we fled for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria! And we, how shall we escape?'” (20:6)

Isaiah 21, Fallen, Fallen Is Babylon
1. “For thus the Lord said to me, ‘Within a year, according to the years of a hired worker, all the glory of Kedar will come to an end. And the remainder of the archers of the mighty men of the sons of Kedar will be few, for theLord, the God of Israel, has spoken.” (21:16)

 

Week #89; Wed, Sep 11: Isaiah 22–29

Week #89; Wed, Sep 11: Isaiah 22:1–29:24

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The remainder of our blog reading schedule in the old testament (BCE-before current era of Christ or BC) covers the books of the 5 major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Daniel) and the books of the 12 minor prophets (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi).

  • Inference: The major prophets address broader topics and the minor prophets address narrower topics; the major prophets begin the books of prophecy and are longer.
  • Inference: The prophets point to Christ’s birth, sacrifice, and return.
  • Inference: God’s wrath, grace, and mercy are on display in all of the prophets.
  • Inference: The prophets apply to BCE/BC and now (CE-current era of Christ or AD).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 22, Oracle Concerning Jerusalem
1. “All your leaders have fled together; without the bow they were captured. All of you who were found were captured, though they had fled far away.” (22:3)

  • Inference: “Your choicest valleys were full of chariots, and the horsemen took their stand at the gates. He has taken away the covering of Judah.” (22:7-8)

2. “In that day you looked to the weapons of the House of the Forest, and you saw that the breaches of the city of David were many.” (22:8-9)

  • Inference: “But you did not look to him who did it, or see him who planned it long ago.” (22:11)

3. “In that day I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and I will cloth him with your robe, and will bind your sash on him, and will commit your authority to his hand. And he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. And I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. And I will fasten him like a peg in a secure place, and he will become a throne of honor to his father’s house.” (22:20-23)

  • Inference: “In that day, declares the Lord of host, the peg that was fastened in a secure place will give way, and it will be cut down and fall, and the load that was on it will be cut off, for the Lord has spoken.” (22:25)

Isaiah 23, An Oracle Concerning Tyre and Sidon
1. Tyre and Sidon are port cities on the Mediterranean Sea in Lebanon and existed before Christ; they suffered defeats from Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander the Great, and Persia’s Artexarxes. They also supplied building materials and furnishings for Solomon’s first temple and for the rebuilding of the temple in Ezra’s time.

  • Inference: “Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste, without house or harbor!” (23:1)

2. “The Lord of hosts has purposed it, to defile the pompous pride of all glory, to dishonor all the honored of the earth.” (23:9)

  • Inference: “He has stretched out his hand over the sea; he has shaken the kingdoms; the Lord has given command concerning Canaan to destroy its strongholds.” (23:11)
  • Inference: “In that day Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years, like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years, it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the prostitute . . .” (23:15)
  • Inference: “At the end of seventy years, the Lord will visit Tyre, and she will return to her wages and will prostitute herself with all the kingdoms of the world on the face of the earth. Her merchandise and her wages will be holy to the Lord. It will not be stored or hoarded, but her merchandise will supply abundant food and fine clothing for those who dwell before the Lord.” (23:17-18)

Isaiah 24, Judgment on the Whole Earth
1. “Behold, the Lord will empty the earth and make it desolate, and he will twist its surface and scatter its inhabitants. And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the slave, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the creditor, so with the debtor. The earth shall be utterly empty and utterly plundered; for the Lord has spoken this word.” (24:1-3)

  • Inference: “The earth lies defiled under its inhabitants; for they have transgressed the laws, violated the statutes, broken the everlasting covenant.” (24:5)
  • Inference: “Terror and the pit and the snare are upon you, O inhabitant of the earth!” (24:17)

2. “On that day the Lord will punish the host of heaven, in heaven, and the kings of the earth, on the earth.” (24:21)

  • Inference: “They will be gathered together as prisoners in a pit; they will be shut up in a prison, and after many days they will be punished.” (24:22)
  • Inference: “Then the moon will be confounded and the sun ashamed, for the Lord of hosts reigns on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and his glory will be before his elders.” (24:23)

Isaiah 25, God Will Swallow Up Death Forever
1. “O Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you; I will praise your name, for you have done wonderful things, plans formed of old, faithful and sure.” (25:1)

  • Inference: “On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-aged wine, of rich food full of marrow, of aged wine well refined.” (25:6)

2. “He will swallow up death forever; and the Lord God will wipe away tears from all faces, and the reproach of his people he will take away from all the earth, for the Lord has spoken.” (25:8)

  • Inference: “It will be said on that day, ‘Behold, this is our God; we have waited for him that he might save us. This is the Lord; we have waited for him; let us be glad and rejoice in his salvation.'” (25:9)

Isaiah 26, You Keep Him in Perfect Peace
1. “Trust in the Lord forever, for the Lord God is an everlasting rock. For he has humbled the inhabitants of the height, the lofty city. He lays it low, lays it low to the ground, casts it to the dust.” (26:4-5)

  • Inference: “The path of the righteous is level; you make level the way of the righteous.” (26:7)
  • Inference: “If favor is shown to the wicked, he does not learn righteousness; in the land of uprightness he deals corruptly and does not see the majesty of the Lord.” (26:10)

2. “Your dead shall live; their bodies shall rise. You who dwell in the dust, awake and sing for joy! For your dew is a dew of light, and the earth will give birth to the dead.” (26:19)

  • Inference: “For behold, the Lord is coming out from his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity, and the earth will disclose the blood shed on it, and will no more cover its slain.” (26:21)

Isaiah 27, The Redemption of Israel
1. “In that day the Lord with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea.” (27:1)

  • Inference: “In days to come Jacob shall take root, Israel shall blossom and put forth shoots and fill the whole world with fruit.” (27:6)

2. In that day from the river Euphrates to the Brook of Egypt the Lord will thresh out the grain, and you will be gleaned one by one, O people of Israel. (27:12)

  • Inference: “And in that day a great trumpet will be blown, and those who were lost in the land of Assyria and those who were driven out to the land of Egypt will come and worship the Lord on the holy mountain at Jerusalem.” (27:13)

Isaiah 28, Judgment on Ephraim and Jerusalem
1. “Behold, the Lord has one who is mighty and strong; like a storm of hail, a destroying tempest, like a storm of mighty, overflowing waters, he casts down to the earth with his hand.” (28:2)

  • Inference: “The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim will be trodden underfoot . . .” (28:3)

2. “In that day the Lord of hosts will be a crown of glory, and a diadem of beauty, to the remnant of his people, and spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, and strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate.” (28:5-6)

  • Inference: “Therefore hear the word of the Lord, you scoffers, who rule this people in Jerusalem!” (28:14)

3. “. . . therefore thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold, I am the one who has laid as a foundation in Zion, a stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation: Whoever believes will not be in haste.'” (28:16)

  • Inference: John 3:16

Isaiah 29, The Siege of Jerusalem
1. “Ah, Ariel, Ariel, the city where David encamped!” (29:1)

  • Inference: “And I will encamp against you all around, and will besiege you with towers and I will raise siege works against you. And You will be brought low; from the earth you shall speak, and from the dust your speech will be bowed down; your voice shall come from the ground like the voice of a ghost, and from the dust your speech shall whisper.” (29:3-4)

2. “And in an instant, suddenly, you will be visited by the Lord of hosts with thunder and with earthquake and great noise, with whirlwind and tempest, and the flame of a devouring fire.” (29:5-6)

  • Inference: “Shall the potter be regarded as the clay, that the thing made should say of its maker, ‘He did not make me.’; or the thing formed say of him who formed it, ‘He has no understanding’? (29:16)

Week #90; Wed, Sep 18: Isaiah 30–37

Week #90; Wed, Sep 18: Isaiah 30:1–37:38

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. It appears to be entirely possible to read the terms “The Lord” and “Angel of the Lord” as Jesus in the Old Testament.

  • Inference: See: www.gotquestions.org and search on the question, “Is Jesus in the Old Testament?”

2. In reading this prophet, I seem to find a pattern of good versus bad. By picking out the major points for reflection, I find that either a good or bad point is followed with the impact of taking one position or another as noted by the “inferences” within each chapter. Two Greek words help decompose the text: “kairos” and “chronos.” See: www.gotquestions.org and search on the question, “What is the meaning of the Greek word kairos?”

  • Inference: In seeking out the major points, it seems well to keep the Greek terms “kairos” and “chronos” in mind to reveal God’s macro view and the limited human micro view. Kairos portends past, present, and future views all at the same time (omnipotence) as only God can do. Chronos is limited to a step by step view that confines humans to the limits of our chronological clock.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

Isaiah 30, Do Not Go Down to Egypt
1. “Ah, stubborn children,” declares the Lord, “who carry out a plan, but not mine, and who make an alliance, but not of my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin; who set out to go down to Egypt, without asking for my direction, to take refuge in the protection of Pharaoh and seek shelter in the shadow of Egypt!” (30:1-2)

  • Inference: “. . . everyone comes to shame through a people that cannot profit them, that brings neither help nor profit, but shame and disgrace.” (30:5)
  • Inference: “For they are a rebellious people, lying children, children unwilling to hear the instruction of the Lord; who say to the seers, ‘Do not see,’ and the prophets, ‘do not prophesy to us what is right; speak to us smooth things, prophesy illusions, leave the way, turn aside from the path, let us hear no more about the Holy One of Israel.'” (30:9-12)

2. “For thus said the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel, ‘In returning and rest you shall be saved; in quietness and in trust shall be your strength. But you were unwilling, and you said, ‘No! We will flee upon horses’; therefore you shall flee away; and, ‘We will ride upon swift steeds’; therefore your pursuers shall be swift.'” (30:15-16)

  • Inference: “Therefore the Lord waits to be gracious to you, and therefore he exalts himself to show mercy to you. For the Lord is a God of justice; blessed are all those who wait for him.” (30:18)

3. “For a people shall dwell in Zion, in Jerusalem; you shall weep no more. He will surely be gracious to you at the sound of your cry. As soon as he hears it, he answers you.” (30:19)

  • Inference: “And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, yet your Teacher will not hide himself anymore, but your eyes shall see your Teacher.” (30:20)
  • Inference: “And your ears shall hear a word behind you, saying, ‘This is the way, walk in it,’ when you turn to the right or when you turn to the left.” (30:21)
  • Inference: “Then you will defile your carved idols overlaid with silver and your gold-plated metal images, You will scatter them as unclean things. You will say to them, ‘Be gone.'” (30:22)

4. “The Assyrians will be terror-stricken at the voice of the Lord, when he strikes with his rod.” (30:31)

  • Inference: “And every stroke of the appointed staff that the Lord lays on them will be to the sound of tambourines and lyres. Battling with brandished arm, he will fight with them. For a burning place has long been prepared; indeed, for the king it is made ready, its pyre made deep and wide, with fire and wood in abundance; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of sulfur, kindles it.” (30:32-33)

Isaiah 31, Woe to Those Who Go Down to Egypt
1. “Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help and rely on horses, who trust in chariots because they are many and in horsemen because they are very strong, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel or consult the Lord!” (31:1)

  • Inference: “The Egyptians are man, and not God, and their horses are flesh, and not spirit.” (31:3)
  • Inference: “When the Lord stretches out his hand, the helper will stumble, and he who is helped will fall, and they will all perish together.” (31:3)
  • Inference: “. . . so the Lord of hosts will come down to fight on Mount Zion and on its hill. Like birds hovering, so the Lord of hosts will protect Jerusalem; he will protect and deliver it; he will spare and rescue it.” (31:4-5)

2. “Turn to him from whom people have deeply revolted, O children of Israel. For in that day everyone shall cast away his idols of silver and his idols of gold, which your hands have sinfully made for you.” (31:6-9)

  • Inference: “And the Assyrian shall fall by a sword, not of man; and a sword, not of man, shall devour him; and he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be put to forced labor.” (31:8)

Isaiah 32, A King Will Reign in Righteousness
1. “Behold, a king will reign in righteousness, and princes will rule in justice.” (32:1)

  • Inference: “Each will be like a hiding place from the wind, a shelter from the storm, like streams of water in a dry place, like the shade of a great rock in a weary land.” (32:2)

2. “As for the scoundrel–his devices are evil; he plans wicked schemes to ruin the poor with lying words, even when the plea of the needy is right.” (32:7)

  • Inference: “But he who is noble plans noble things, and on noble things he stands.” (32:8)

3. “Rise up, you women who are at ease, hear my voice; you complacent daughters, give ear to my speech.” (32:9)

  • Inference: “For the palace is forsaken, the populous city deserted; the hill and the watchtower will become dens forever, a joy of wild donkeys, a pasture of flocks; until the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is deemed a forest.” (32:14-15)
  • Inference: “Then justice will dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness abide in the fruitful field. And the effect of righteousness will be peace, and the rest of righteousness, quietness and trust forever.” (32:16-17)
  • Inference: “My people will abide in a peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings, and in quiet resting places.” (32:18)

Isaiah 33, O Lord, Be Gracious to Us
1. “Ah, you destroyer, who yourself have not been destroyed, you traitor, whom none has betrayed! When you have ceased to destroy, you will be destroyed; and when you have finished betraying, they will betray you.” (33:1)

  • Inference: “O Lord, be gracious to us; we wait for you. Be our arm every morning, our salvation in time of trouble.” (33:2)
  • Inference: “The Lord is exalted, for he dwells on high; he will fill Zion with justice and righteousness, and he will be the stability of your times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge; the fear of the Lord is Zion’s treasure.” (33:5-6)
  • Inference: “‘Now I will arise,” says the Lord, ‘now I will lift myself up; now I will be exalted.'” (33:10)
  • Inference: “Your eyes will behold the king in his beauty; they will see a land that stretches afar.” (33:17)
  • Inference; “Behold Zion, the city of our appointed feasts! Your eyes will see Jerusalem, an untroubled habitation, an immovable tent, whose stakes will never be plucked up, nor will any of its cords be broken.” (33:20)

Isaiah 34, Judgment on the Nations
1. “Draw near, O nations, to hear, and give attention, O peoples! Let the earth hear, and all that fills it; the world, and all that comes from it. For the Lord is enraged against all the nations, and furious against all their host; he has devoted them to destruction, has given them over for slaughter. Their slain shall be cast out, and the stench of the corpses shall rise; the mountains shall flow with their blood.” (34:1-3)

  • Inference: “For the Lord has a day of vengeance, a war of recompense for the cause of Zion. (34:8)
  • Inference: “Seek and read from the book of the Lord . . .” (34:16)

Isaiah 35, The Ransomed Shall Return
1. “Say to those who have an anxious heart, ‘Be strong; fear not! Behold, your God will come with vengeance, with the recompense of God. He will come and save you.'” (35:4)

  • Inference: “Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped; then shall the lame man leap like a deer, and the tongue of the mute sing for joy.” (35:5-6)
  • Inference: “And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and come to Zion with singing; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.” (35:10)

Isaiah 36, Sennacherib Invades Judah
1. “In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and took them. And the king of Assyria sent the Rabshakeh (a high ranking Assyrian military officer) from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem, with a great army.” (36:1-3)

  • Inference: After hearing the demands of the Assyrian officer, “Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn, and told him the words of the Rabshakeh.” (36:22)

Isaiah 37, Hezekiah Seeks Isaiah’s Help
1. “As soon as King Hezekiah heard it, he tore his clothes and covered himself with sackcloth and went into the house of the Lord.” (37:1)

  • Inference: Hezekiah sent word to Isaiah asking him to “. . . pray for the remnant that is left.” (37:4)

2. “When the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah, Isaiah said to them, ‘Say to your master, Thus says the Lord: Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the young men of the king of Assyria have reviled me. Behold, I will put a spirit in him, so that he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land, and I will make him fall by the sword in his own land.'” (37:5)

  • Inference: “The Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria fighting against Libnah, for he had heard that the king had left Lachish.” (37:8)
  • Inference: It appears that the Rabshakeh sent more mockings to Hezekiah and when they were received, Hezekiah returned to the house of the Lord and lifted up his own prayers saying, “O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, enthroned above the cherubim, you are the God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; you have made heavens and earth. Incline your ear, O Lord, and hear; open your eyes, O Lord, and see; and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent to mock the living God. Truly, O Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations and their lands, and have cast their gods into the fire. For they were no gods, but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone. Therefore they were destroyed. So now, O Lord our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of earth know that you alone are the Lord.” (37:16-20)

3. “Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God Israel: Because you have prayed to me concerning Sennacherib king of Assyria, this is the word that the Lord has spoken concerning him . . . I will put my hook in your nose and bit in your mouth, and I will turn you back on the way by which you came.'” (37:21-22, 29)

  • Inference: “And the surviving remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and bear fruit upward. For out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant, and out of Mount Zion a band of survivors. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” (37:31-32)
  • Inference: “Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city or shoot an arrow there or come before it with a shield or cast up a siege mound against it. By the way that he came, by the same he shall return, and he shall not come into this city, declares the Lord. For I will defend this site to save it, for my own sake and for the sake of my servant David.” (37:33-35)

4. “And the angel of the Lord went out and struck down a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies.” (37:36)

  • Inference: “Then Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and returned home and lived at Nineveh. And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammeleh and Sharezer, his sons, stuck him down with the sword.” (37:37-38)

Week #91; Wed, Sep 25: Isaiah 38–44

Week #91; Wed, Sep 25: Isaiah 38:1-44:28

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. This posting completes the 3rd quarter for 2019, only five more quarters to go to complete this 3-Year study of the ESV.

  • Inference: God’s word is one book. By this point in a complete Bible reading, it is hard to miss how the prophets point to Jesus who is anchored in all of the Old Testament. Isaiah 40-44 pertains to these connections.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Isaiah 38, Hezekiah’s Sickness and Recovery
1. King Hezekiah became sick (a boil per 38:21) and was at the point of death and Isaiah, the prophet, came to him. (38:1; 2 Chron. 32:24-33)

  • Inference: When Isaiah came to Hezekiah, he  said, “Thus says the Lord; Set your house in order, for you shall die, you shall not recover.” (38:1)
  • Inference: Then Hezekiah turned to the wall and prayed, “Please, O Lord, remember how I have walked before you in faithfulness and with a whole heart, and have done what is good in your sight.” (38:2-3)
  • Inference: “And Hezekiah wept bitterly.” (38:3)

2. “Then the word of the Lord came to Isaiah: ‘Go and say to Hezekiah, Thus says the Lord, the God of David your father: I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears. Behold, I will add fifteen years to your life. I will deliver you and this city out of the hand of the the king of Assyria, and will defend this city.” (38:4-6)

  • Inference: “This shall be the sign to you from the Lord, that the Lord will do this thing that he has promised: ‘Behold, I will make the shadow cast by the declining sun on the dial of Ahaz turn back ten steps.'” (38:7-8)

3. After King Hezekiah recovered, he wrote a lengthy lament moaning of oppression and bitterness as his extended life nears an end. He also lifts up heartfelt thanksgiving for his salvation. (38:9-20)

  • Inference: “Now Isaiah had said, ‘Let them take a cake of figs and apply it to the boil, that he may recover.'” (38:21, 2 Kings 20:7)
  • Inference: “Hezekiah also had said, ‘What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of the Lord?'” (38:22, 2 Kings 20:8)

Isaiah 39, Envoys from Babylon
1. “At that time Merodach-baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent envoys with letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he heard that he had been sick and had recovered. And Hezekiah welcomed them gladly. And he showed them his treasure house, the silver, the gold, the spices, the precious oil, his whole armory, all that was found in his storehouses. There was nothing in his house or in all his realm that Hezekiah did not show them.” (39:1-2, 2 Kings 20:12-19)

  • Inference: “Then Isaiah the prophet came to King Hezekiah, and said to him, ‘What did these men say? And from where did they come to you?’ Hezekiah said, ‘They have come to me from a far country, from Babylon.’ He said, ‘What have they seen in your house?’ Hezekiah answered, ‘They have seen all that is in my house. There is nothing in my storehouses that I did not show them.'” (39:3-4)

2. “Then Isaiah said to Hezkiah, ‘Hear the word of the Lord of hosts: Behold, the days are coming, when all that is in your house, and that which your fathers have stored up till this day, shall be carried to Babylon. Nothing shall be left, says the Lord. And some of your own sons, who will come from you, whom you will father, shall be taken away, and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.'” (39:5-7)

  • Inference: “Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, ‘The word of the Lord that you have spoken is good.’ For he thought, “There will be peace and security in my days.'” (39:8)

Isaiah 40, Comfort for God’s People
1. “Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and cry to her that her welfare is ended, that her iniquity is pardoned, that she has received from the Lord’s hand double for all her sins.” (40:1-2)

  • Inference: “A voice cries: In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; the uneven ground shall become level, and the rough places a plain. And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together, for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.” (40:3-5)

2. “A voice says, ‘Cry!’ And I said, ‘What shall I cry?’ All flesh is grass, and all its beauty is like the flower of the field. The grass withers, the flower fades when the breath of the Lord blows on it; surely the people are grass. The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever.” (40:6-8)

  • Inference: “Behold, the Lord God comes with might, and his arm rules for him; behold, his reward is with him, and his recompense before him. He will tend his flock like a shepherd; he will gather the lambs in his arms; he will carry them in his bosom, and gently lead those that are with young.” (40:10-11, Rev. 22:12) [Jesus can be seen here]

3. Do you not know? Do you not hear? Has it not been told you from the beginning? Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth? It is he who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers; who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them like a tent to dwell in; who brings princes to nothing, and makes the rulers of the earth as emptiness.” (40:21-23)

  • Inference: “Have you not known? Have you not heard? The Lord is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He does not faint or grow weary; his understanding is unsearchable. (40:28)
  • Inference: “He gives power to the faint, and to him who has no might he increases strength. Even youths shall faint and be weary, and young men shall fall exhausted; but they who wait for the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings like eagles; they shall run and not be weary; they shall walk and not faint. (40:29-31)

Isaiah 41, Fear Not, For I Am with You
1. “Who stirred up one from the east whom victory meets at every step? He gives up nations before him, so that he tramples kings underfoot; he makes them like dust with his sword, like driven stubble with his bow. He pursues them and passes on safely, by paths his feet have not trod. Who has performed and done this, calling the generations from the beginning? (41:2-4)

  • Inference: “I, the Lord, the first, and with the last; I am he.” (41:4)

2. “But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, the offspring of Abraham, my friend; you whom I took from the ends of the earth, and called from its farthest corners, saying to you, ‘You are my servant, I have chosen you and not cast you off’; fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God; I will strengthen you, I will help you, I will uphold you with my righteous right hand.” (41:8-10)

  • Inference: “Behold, all who are incensed against you shall be put to shame and confounded; those who strive against you shall be as nothing and shall perish.” (41:11)

3. Regarding the futility of idols, “Set forth your case, says the Lord; bring your proofs, says the King of Jacob. Let them bring them, and tell us what is to happen.” (41:21-22)

  • Inference: “Behold, you are nothing, and your work is less than nothing; an abomination is he who chooses you.” (41:24)
  • Inference: “Behold, they are all a delusion; their works are nothing; their metal images are empty wind.” (41:29)

Isaiah 42, The Lord’s Chosen Servant
1. “Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations. He will not cry aloud or lift up his voice, or make it heard in the street; a bruised reed he will not break, and a faintly burning wick he will not quench; he will faithfully bring forth justice. He will not grow faint or be discouraged till he has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands wait for his law.” (42:1-4) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “I am the Lord; I have called you in righteousness; I will take you by the hand and keep you; I will give you as a covenant for the people, a light for the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness.” (42:8-9)

2. “Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise from the end of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that fills it, the coastlands and their inhabitants.” (42:10)

  • Inference: “And I will lead the blind in a way that they do not know, in paths that they have not known I will guide them.” (42:16
  • Inference: “They are turned back and utterly put to shame, who trust in carved idols, who say to metal images, ‘You are our gods.'” (42:-1)

3. “Who among you will give ear to this, will attend and listen for the time to come? (42:23)

  • Inference: “Who gave up Jacob to the looter, and Israel to the plunderers? Was it not the Lord, against whom we have sinned, in whose ways they would not walk, and whose law they would not obey?” (42:24)

Isaiah 43, Israel’s Only Savior
1. “But now thus says the Lord, he who created you, O Jacob, he who formed you, O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name, you are mine. When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overwhelm you; when you walk through fire you shall not be burned, and the flame shall not consume you.” (43:1-3)

  • Inference: “For I am the Lord your God, the Holy one of Israel, your Savior.” (43:3)

2. “Because you are precious in my eyes, and honored, and I love you, I give men in return for you, peoples in exchange for your life.” (43:4)

  • Inference: “Fear not, for I am with you, peoples in exchange for your life. Fear not, for I am with you; I will bring your offspring from the east, and from the west I will gather you.” (43:5)

3. “‘You are my witnesses,’ declares the Lord, ‘and my servant whom I have chosen, that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he.’ Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me. I, I am the Lord, and besides me there is o savior.” (43:10) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “I am the Lord, your Holy  One, the Creator of Israel, your King.” (43:15)

4. “Behold, I am doing a new thing; now it springs forth, do you not perceive it?” (43:19)

  • Inference: “I will make a way in the wilderness and rivers in the desert. The wild beasts will honor me, the jackals and the ostriches, for I give water in the wilderness, rivers in the desert, to give drink to my chosen people, the people whom I formed for myself that they might declare my praise.” (43:19-21)

5. “I, I am he who blots out your transgressions for my own sake, and I will not remember your sins.” (43:25)

  • Inference: “Your first father sinned, and you mediators transgressed against me. Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary, and deliver Jacob to utter destruction and Israel to reviling.” (43:27-28)

Isaiah 44, Israel the Lord’s Chosen
1. “But now hear, O Jacob my servant, Israel whom I have chosen! Thus says the Lord who made you, who formed you from the womb and will help you: Fear not, O Jacob my servant, Jeshurun whom I have chosen.” (44:1-2)

  • Inference: “For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants.” (44:3)

2. “Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god. Who is like me? Let him proclaim it. Let him declare and set it before me, since I appointed an ancient people. Let them declare what is to come, and what will happen.” (44:6-8) [Jesus can be seen here]

  • Inference: “Fear not, nor be afraid; have I not told you from of old and declared it? And you are my witnesses! Is there a God besides me? There is no Rock; I know not any.” (44:8)

3. “All who fashion idols are nothing, and the things they delight in do not profit.” (44:9)

  • Inference: “Their witnesses neither see nor know, that they may be put to shame.” (44:9)

4. “Remember these things, O Jacob, and Israel, for you are my servant; I formed you; you are my servant; O Israel, you will not be forgotten by me. I have blotted out your transgressions like a cloud and your sins like mist; return to me, for I have redeemed you.” (44:21-22)

  • Inference: “Sing, O heavens, for the Lord has done it; shout, O depths of the earth; break forth into singing, O mountains, O forest, and every tree in it! For the Lord has redeemed Jacob, and will be glorified in Israel.” (44:23)