Week #87; Wed, August 28: Isaiah 3:1–Isaiah 10:34

1. Isaiah’s single vision predicts the fall of Judah and Jerusalem because of their deeds against the Lord.

2. Israel and Syria came to wage war against Jerusalem.

3. A remnant would survive; but, the combination of Assyria and Egypt was too overwhelming.

Isaiah 3, Judgment on Judah and Jerusalem
1. “For behold, the Lord God of hosts is taking away from Jerusalem and from Judah support and supply, all support of bread, and all support of water; the mighty man and the soldier, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder, the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor and the skillful magician and the expert in charms.” (3:1-3)

  • Inference: “And I will make boys their princes, and infants shall rule over them. And the people will oppress one another, every one his fellow and every one his neighbor.” (3:4-5)

2. “For Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah has fallen, because their speech and their deeds are against the Lord, defying his glorious presence.” (3:8)

  • Inference: “For the look on their faces bears witness against them; they proclaim their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to them! For they have brought evil on themselves.” (3:9)

Isaiah 4, The Branch of the Lord Glorified
1. It appears that a milestone is reached when the term “called by your name” is stated as a lament by the survivors of Israel. (4:1)

  • Inference: “In that day the branch of the Lord shall be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land shall be the pride and honor of the survivors of Israel.” (4:2)
  • Inference: “And he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy, everyone who has been recorded for life in Jerusalem, when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and cleansed the bloodstains of Jerusalem from its midst by a spirit of judgment and by a spirit of burning. Then the Lord will create over the whole site of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, and smoke and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory there will be a canopy.” (4:3-5)
  • Inference: “In days to come Jacob shall take root, Israel shall blossom and put forth shoots and fill the whole world with fruit.” (27:6)

Isaiah 5, The Vineyard of the Lord Destroyed
1. “For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant planting; and he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, an outcry!” (5:7)

  • Inference: “. . . but they do not regard the deeds of the Lord, or see the work of his hands.” (5:12)

2. “Therefore my people go into exile for lack of knowledge; their honored men go hungry, and their multitude is parched with thirst.” (5:13)

  • Inference: “Man is humbled, and each one is brought low, and the eyes of the haughty are brought low. But the Lord of hosts is exalted in justice, and the Holy God shows himself holy in righteousness.” (5:15-16)
  • Inference: “Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.” (5:20)

3. “. . . for they have rejected the law of the Lord of hosts, and have despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. Therefore the anger of the Lord was kindled against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them, and the mountains quaked; and their corpses were as refuse in the midst of the streets.” (5:24-25)

  • Inference: “For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.” (5:25)
  • Inference: “He will raise a signal for nations far away, and whistle for them from the ends of the earth; and behold, quickly, speedily they come!” (5:26)

Isaiah 6, Isaiah’s Vision of the Lord
1. “In the year that King Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and the train of his robe filled the temple.” (6:1)

  • Inference: “And I said: Woe is me! For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts!” (6:5)

2. “Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a burning coal that he had taken with tongs from the altar. And he touched my mouth and said: ‘Behold, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away, and your sin atoned for.'” (6:7)

3. “And I heard the voice of the Lord saying, ‘Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then I said, ‘Here am i! Send me.’ And he said, ‘Go, and say to this people:” (6:8)

  • Inference: “Make the heart of this people dull, and their ears heavy, and blind their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.” (6:10)
  • Inference: “Then I said, ‘How long, O Lord?’ And he said: Until cities lie waste without inhabitant, and houses without people, and the land is a desolate waste, and the Lord removes people far away and the forsaken places are many in the midst of the land.” (6:11-12)

Isaiah 7, Isaiah Sent to King Ahaz
1. Syria and Israel colluded together to defeat Judah and Jerusalem. (7:1-6)

  • Inference: But, the Lord God says, “It shall not stand, and it shall not come to pass. For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin. And within sixty-five years Ephraim will be shattered from being a people. And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is the son of Remaliah. If you are not firm in faith, you will not be firm at all.” (7:8-9)

2. The sign of Immanuel: “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. He shall eat curds and honey when he knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good. For before the boy knows how to refuse the evil and , the land whose two kings you dread will be deserted.” (7:14-16)

  • Inference: “In that day the Lord will shave with a razor that is hired beyond the River–with the king of Assyria–the head and the hair of the feet, and it will sweep away the beard also.” (7:20)

Isaiah 8, The Coming Assyrian Invasion
1. “. . . the wealth of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria will be carried away before the king of Assyria.” (8:4)

  • Inference: “. . . behold, the Lord is bringing up against them the waters of the River, mighty and many, the king of Assyria and all his glory. And it will rise over all its channels and go over all its banks, and it will sweep on into Judah, it will overflow and pass on, reaching even to the neck, and its outspread wings will fill the breadth of your land, O Immanuel.” (8:7-8)

2. “But the Lord of hosts, him you shall honor as holy. Let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.” (8:13)

  • Inference: “And he will become a sanctuary and a stone of offense and a rock of stumbling to both houses of Israel, a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many shall stumble on it. They shall fall and be broken; they shall be snared and taken.” (8:14-15)
  • Inference: “And they will be thrust into thick darkness.” (8:22)

Isaiah 9, For to Us a Child Is Born
1. “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” (9:6-7)

  • Inference: Jesus is on the way.

Isaiah 10, Judgment on Arrogant Assyria
1. “When the Lord has finished all his work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, he will punish the speech of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria and the boastful look in his eyes.” (10:12)

  • Inference: “The light of Israel will become a fire, and his Holy One a flame, and it will burn and devour his thorns and briers in one day.” (10:17)

2. “A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God. For though your people Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will return.” (10:21)

  • Inference: “O my people, who dwell in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrians when they strike with the rod and lift up their staff against you as the Egyptians did.” (10:24)


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