Week #84; Wed, August 07: Proverbs 22:1–30:33

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. Please add key verses and inferences where they were omitted; use the “comment” block in the related blog page to record those verses that illustrate what you have observed.

2. A record holding baseball hitter was once asked, “What is your secret to such great hitting?” He answered, “See the ball, hit the ball.” Proverbs can be looked at in the same way, “See the wisdom, do the wisdom.”

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Proverbs 22, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches, and favor is better than silver or gold.” (22:1)

  • Inference: “A good name is better than precious ointment, and the day of death than the day of birth.” (Eccles. 7:1)

2. “Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it.” (22:6)

  • Inference: “Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.” (Eph. 6:4)

3. “The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender.” (22:7)

  • Inference: “But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?” (James 2:6)

4. “He who loves purity of heart, and whose speech is gracious, will have the king as his friend.” (22:11)

  • Inference: “Righteous lips are the delight of a king, and he loves him who speaks what is right.” (16:13)

5. “Do not move the ancient landmark that your fathers have set.” (22:28)

  • Inference: “Do not move an ancient landmark or enter the fields of the fatherless, for their Redeemer is strong; he will plead their cause against you.” (23:10-11)

Proverbs 23, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Do not toil to acquire wealth; be discerning enough to desist.” (23:28)

  • Inference: “Whoever is greedy for unjust gain troubles his own household, but he who hates bribes will live.” (15:27)

2. “Do not speak in the hearing of a fool, for he will despise the good sense of your words.” (23:9)

  • Inference: “The wise person has his eyes in his head, but the fool walks in darkness. And yet I perceived that the same event happens to all of them.” (Ecc. 2:14)

3. “Let not your heart envy sinners, but continue in the fear of the Lord all the day.” (23:17)

  • Inference: “Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers! (Ps. 37:1)

4. “Be not among drunkards or among gluttonous eaters of meat, for the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty, and slumber will clothe them with rags.” (23:20-21)

  • Inference: “Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has those who go to try mixed wine.” (23:29-30)

Proverbs 24, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Be not envious of evil men, nor desire to be with them, for their hearts devise violence, and their lips talk of trouble.” (24:1-2)

  • Inference: “Fret not yourself because of evildoers, and be not envious of the wicked, for the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be put out.” (24:19-20)

2. “Whoever plans to do evil will be called a schemer. The devising of folly is sin, and the scoffer is an abomination to mankind.” (24:8-9)

  • Inference: “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination; how much more when he brings it with evil intent.” (21:27)

3. “Does not he who keeps watch over your soul know it, and will he not repay man according to his work?” (24:12)

  • Inference: “For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways. (Ps. 91:11)

4. “Whoever says to the wicked, ‘You are in the right,’ will be cursed by peoples, abhorred by nations, but those who rebuke the wicked will have delight, and a good blessing will come upon them.” (24:24-26)

  • Inference: “He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the Lord.” (17:15)

Proverbs 25, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Take away the dross from the silver, and the smith has material for a vessel; take away the wicked from the presence of the king, and his throne will be established in righteousness.” (25:4-5)

  • Inference: ““Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are dross of silver. Therefore thus says the Lord God: Because you have all become dross, therefore, behold, I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem. As one gathers silver and bronze and iron and lead and tin into a furnace, to blow the fire on it in order to melt it, so I will gather you in my anger and in my wrath, and I will put you in and melt you.” (Ezek: 22:18-20)

2. “Do not put yourself forward in the king’s presence or stand in the place of the great, for it is better to be told, “Come up here,” than to be put lower in the presence of a noble.” (25:6-7)

  • Inference: “But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place, so that when your host comes he may say to you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at table with you. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.” (Luke 14:10-11)

3. “A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in a setting of silver.” (25:11)

  • Inference: “To make an apt answer is a joy to a man, and a word in season, how good it is!” (15:23)

4. “Like clouds and wind without rain is a man who boasts of a gift he does not give.” (25:14)

  • Inference: “Many a man proclaims his own steadfast love, but a faithful man who can find? (20:6)

5. “Let your foot be seldom in your neighbor’s house, lest he have his fill of you and hate you.” (25:17)

  • Inference: ““You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but you shall reason frankly with your neighbor, lest you incur sin because of him.” (Lev. 19:17)

6. “If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat, and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink, for you will heap burning coals on his head, and the Lord will reward you.” (25:21-22)

  • Inference: “To the contrary, ‘if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.’ ‘Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.'” (Romans 12:20-21)

Proverbs 26, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest you be like him yourself. Answer a fool according to his folly lest he be wise in his own eyes.” (26:4-45)

  • Inference: “A rich man is wise in his own eyes, but a poor man who has understanding will find him out.” (28:11)

2. “Like a dog that returns to his vomit is a fool who repeats his folly.” (26:11)

  • Inference: “What the true proverb says has happened to them: ‘The dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire.'” (2 Peter 2:22)

3. “Whoever meddles in a quarrel not his own is like one who takes a passing dog by the ears. Like a madman who throws firebrands, arrows, and death is the man who deceives his neighbor and says, ‘I am only joking!'” (26:17-18)

  • Inference: “Behold, all you who kindle a fire, who equip yourselves with burning torches! Walk by the light of your fire, and by the torches that you have kindled! This you have from my hand: you shall lie down in torment.” (Isa. 50:11)

4. “Whoever digs a pit will fall into it, and a stone will come back on him who starts it rolling. A lying tongue hates its victims, and a flattering mouth works ruin.” (26:27-28)

  • Inference: “Whoever misleads the upright into an evil way will fall into his own pit, but the blameless will have a goodly inheritance.” (28:10)

Proverbs 27, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring. Let another praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger, and not your own lips.” (27:1-2)

  • Inference: “Come now, you who say, ‘Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and make a profit’— yet you do not know what tomorrow will bring. What is your life? For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes.” (James 4:13)

2. “Like a bird that strays from its nest is a man who strays from his home.” (27:8)

  • Inference: “Like a sparrow in its flitting, like a swallow in its flying, a curse that is causeless does not alight.” (26:2)

3. “Better is a neighbor who is near than a brother who is far away.” (27:10)

  • Inference: “A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.” (17:17)

4. “The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.” (27:12)

  • Inference: “The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.” (22:3)

5. “Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.” (27:17)

  • Inference: Heb. “sharpens the face of another.”

6. “As in water face reflects face, so the heart of man reflects the man.” (27:19)

  • Inference: “If a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, so that the days of his years are many, but his soul is not satisfied with life’s good things, and he also has no burial, I say that a stillborn child is better off than he.” (Ecc. 6:3)

Proverbs 28, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Those who forsake the law praise the wicked, but those who keep the law strive against them.” (28:4)

  • Inference: “Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the Lord understand it completely.” (28:5)
  • Inference: “But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii, and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’” (Matt. 18:28)

2. “Better is a poor man who walks in his integrity than a rich man who is crooked in his ways.” (28:6)

  • Inference: “Better is a poor person who walks in his integrity than one who is crooked in speech and is a fool.” (19:1)

3. “If one turns away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer is an abomination.” (28:9)

  • Inference: “When he is tried, let him come forth guilty; let his prayer be counted as sin!” (Ps. 109:7)

4. “Whoever conceals his transgressions will not prosper, but he who confesses and forsakes them will obtain mercy.” (28:13)

  • Inference: “. . . if I have concealed my transgressions as others do by hiding my iniquity in my heart, . .  ” (Job 31:33)

5. “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits will have plenty of poverty.” (28:19)

  • Inference: “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits lacks sense.” (12:11)

6. “Whoever rebukes a man will afterward find more favor than he who flatters with his tongue.” (28:23)

  • Inference: “Better is open rebuke than hidden love. Faithful are the wounds of a friend; profuse are the kisses of an enemy.” (27:5-6)

7. “Whoever gives to the poor will not want, but he who hides his eyes will get many a curse.” (28:27)

  • Inference: “One gives freely, yet grows all the richer; another withholds what he should give, and only suffers want.” (11:24)

Proverbs 29, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “He who is often reproved, yet stiffens his neck, will suddenly be broken beyond healing.” (29:1)

  • Inference: “If someone sins against a man, God will mediate for him, but if someone sins against the Lord, who can intercede for him?” But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for it was the will of the Lord to put them to death.” (1 Sam. 2:25)

2. “If a wise man has an argument with a fool, the fool only rages and laughs, and there is no quiet.” (29:9)

  • Inference: “Better is a handful of quietness than two hands full of toil and a striving after wind.” (Eccles. 4:6)

3. “The rod and reproof give wisdom, but a child left to himself brings shame to his mother.” (29:15)

  • Inference: “Discipline your son, and he will give you rest; he will give delight to your heart.” (29:17)

4. “One’s pride will bring him low, but he who is lowly in spirit will obtain honor.” (29:23)

  • Inference: “Whoever loves transgression loves strife; he who makes his door high seeks destruction.” (17:19)

5. “An unjust man is an abomination to the righteous, but one whose way is straight is an abomination to the wicked.” (29:27)

  • Inference: “. . . and said, “O Lord, God of Israel, there is no God like you, in heaven or on earth, keeping covenant and showing steadfast love to your servants who walk before you with all their heart, . . .” (2 Cor. 6:14)

Proverbs 30, The Words of Agur
1. “Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.” (30:5-6)

  • Inference: “I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.” (Rev. 22:18-19)

2. “There are those whose teeth are swords, whose fangs are knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, the needy from among mankind.” (30:14)

  • Inference: “My soul is in the midst of lions; I lie down amid fiery beasts—the children of man, whose teeth are spears and arrows, whose tongues are sharp swords.” (Ps. 57:4)

 

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