Week #84; Wed, Aug 07: Proverbs 22–30

Week #84; Wed, August 07: Proverbs 22:1–30:33

1. Please add key verses and inferences where they were omitted; use the “comment” block in the related blog page to record those verses that illustrate what you have observed.

2. A record holding baseball hitter was once asked, “What is your secret to such great hitting?” He answered, “See the ball, hit the ball.” Proverbs can be looked at in the same way, “See the wisdom, do the wisdom.”

Proverbs 22, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches, and favor is better than silver or gold.” (22:1)

  • Inference: “A good name is better than precious ointment, and the day of death than the day of birth.” (Eccles. 7:1)

2. “Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it.” (22:6)

  • Inference: “Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.” (Eph. 6:4)

3. “The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender.” (22:7)

  • Inference: “But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?” (James 2:6)

4. “He who loves purity of heart, and whose speech is gracious, will have the king as his friend.” (22:11)

  • Inference: “Righteous lips are the delight of a king, and he loves him who speaks what is right.” (16:13)

5. “Do not move the ancient landmark that your fathers have set.” (22:28)

  • Inference: “Do not move an ancient landmark or enter the fields of the fatherless, for their Redeemer is strong; he will plead their cause against you.” (23:10-11)

Proverbs 23, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Do not toil to acquire wealth; be discerning enough to desist.” (23:28)

  • Inference: “Whoever is greedy for unjust gain troubles his own household, but he who hates bribes will live.” (15:27)

2. “Do not speak in the hearing of a fool, for he will despise the good sense of your words.” (23:9)

  • Inference: “The wise person has his eyes in his head, but the fool walks in darkness. And yet I perceived that the same event happens to all of them.” (Ecc. 2:14)

3. “Let not your heart envy sinners, but continue in the fear of the Lord all the day.” (23:17)

  • Inference: “Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers! (Ps. 37:1)

4. “Be not among drunkards or among gluttonous eaters of meat, for the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty, and slumber will clothe them with rags.” (23:20-21)

  • Inference: “Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has those who go to try mixed wine.” (23:29-30)

Proverbs 24, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Be not envious of evil men, nor desire to be with them, for their hearts devise violence, and their lips talk of trouble.” (24:1-2)

  • Inference: “Fret not yourself because of evildoers, and be not envious of the wicked, for the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be put out.” (24:19-20)

2. “Whoever plans to do evil will be called a schemer. The devising of folly is sin, and the scoffer is an abomination to mankind.” (24:8-9)

  • Inference: “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination; how much more when he brings it with evil intent.” (21:27)

3. “Does not he who keeps watch over your soul know it, and will he not repay man according to his work?” (24:12)

  • Inference: “For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways. (Ps. 91:11)

4. “Whoever says to the wicked, ‘You are in the right,’ will be cursed by peoples, abhorred by nations, but those who rebuke the wicked will have delight, and a good blessing will come upon them.” (24:24-26)

  • Inference: “He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the Lord.” (17:15)

Proverbs 25, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Take away the dross from the silver, and the smith has material for a vessel; take away the wicked from the presence of the king, and his throne will be established in righteousness.” (25:4-5)

  • Inference: ““Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are dross of silver. Therefore thus says the Lord God: Because you have all become dross, therefore, behold, I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem. As one gathers silver and bronze and iron and lead and tin into a furnace, to blow the fire on it in order to melt it, so I will gather you in my anger and in my wrath, and I will put you in and melt you.” (Ezek: 22:18-20)

2. “Do not put yourself forward in the king’s presence or stand in the place of the great, for it is better to be told, “Come up here,” than to be put lower in the presence of a noble.” (25:6-7)

  • Inference: “But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place, so that when your host comes he may say to you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at table with you. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.” (Luke 14:10-11)

3. “A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in a setting of silver.” (25:11)

  • Inference: “To make an apt answer is a joy to a man, and a word in season, how good it is!” (15:23)

4. “Like clouds and wind without rain is a man who boasts of a gift he does not give.” (25:14)

  • Inference: “Many a man proclaims his own steadfast love, but a faithful man who can find? (20:6)

5. “Let your foot be seldom in your neighbor’s house, lest he have his fill of you and hate you.” (25:17)

  • Inference: ““You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but you shall reason frankly with your neighbor, lest you incur sin because of him.” (Lev. 19:17)

6. “If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat, and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink, for you will heap burning coals on his head, and the Lord will reward you.” (25:21-22)

  • Inference: “To the contrary, ‘if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.’ ‘Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.'” (Romans 12:20-21)

Proverbs 26, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest you be like him yourself. Answer a fool according to his folly lest he be wise in his own eyes.” (26:4-45)

  • Inference: “A rich man is wise in his own eyes, but a poor man who has understanding will find him out.” (28:11)

2. “Like a dog that returns to his vomit is a fool who repeats his folly.” (26:11)

  • Inference: “What the true proverb says has happened to them: ‘The dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire.'” (2 Peter 2:22)

3. “Whoever meddles in a quarrel not his own is like one who takes a passing dog by the ears. Like a madman who throws firebrands, arrows, and death is the man who deceives his neighbor and says, ‘I am only joking!'” (26:17-18)

  • Inference: “Behold, all you who kindle a fire, who equip yourselves with burning torches! Walk by the light of your fire, and by the torches that you have kindled! This you have from my hand: you shall lie down in torment.” (Isa. 50:11)

4. “Whoever digs a pit will fall into it, and a stone will come back on him who starts it rolling. A lying tongue hates its victims, and a flattering mouth works ruin.” (26:27-28)

  • Inference: “Whoever misleads the upright into an evil way will fall into his own pit, but the blameless will have a goodly inheritance.” (28:10)

Proverbs 27, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring. Let another praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger, and not your own lips.” (27:1-2)

  • Inference: “Come now, you who say, ‘Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and make a profit’— yet you do not know what tomorrow will bring. What is your life? For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes.” (James 4:13)

2. “Like a bird that strays from its nest is a man who strays from his home.” (27:8)

  • Inference: “Like a sparrow in its flitting, like a swallow in its flying, a curse that is causeless does not alight.” (26:2)

3. “Better is a neighbor who is near than a brother who is far away.” (27:10)

  • Inference: “A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.” (17:17)

4. “The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.” (27:12)

  • Inference: “The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.” (22:3)

5. “Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.” (27:17)

  • Inference: Heb. “sharpens the face of another.”

6. “As in water face reflects face, so the heart of man reflects the man.” (27:19)

  • Inference: “If a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, so that the days of his years are many, but his soul is not satisfied with life’s good things, and he also has no burial, I say that a stillborn child is better off than he.” (Ecc. 6:3)

Proverbs 28, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Those who forsake the law praise the wicked, but those who keep the law strive against them.” (28:4)

  • Inference: “Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the Lord understand it completely.” (28:5)
  • Inference: “But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii, and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’” (Matt. 18:28)

2. “Better is a poor man who walks in his integrity than a rich man who is crooked in his ways.” (28:6)

  • Inference: “Better is a poor person who walks in his integrity than one who is crooked in speech and is a fool.” (19:1)

3. “If one turns away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer is an abomination.” (28:9)

  • Inference: “When he is tried, let him come forth guilty; let his prayer be counted as sin!” (Ps. 109:7)

4. “Whoever conceals his transgressions will not prosper, but he who confesses and forsakes them will obtain mercy.” (28:13)

  • Inference: “. . . if I have concealed my transgressions as others do by hiding my iniquity in my heart, . .  ” (Job 31:33)

5. “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits will have plenty of poverty.” (28:19)

  • Inference: “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits lacks sense.” (12:11)

6. “Whoever rebukes a man will afterward find more favor than he who flatters with his tongue.” (28:23)

  • Inference: “Better is open rebuke than hidden love. Faithful are the wounds of a friend; profuse are the kisses of an enemy.” (27:5-6)

7. “Whoever gives to the poor will not want, but he who hides his eyes will get many a curse.” (28:27)

  • Inference: “One gives freely, yet grows all the richer; another withholds what he should give, and only suffers want.” (11:24)

Proverbs 29, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “He who is often reproved, yet stiffens his neck, will suddenly be broken beyond healing.” (29:1)

  • Inference: “If someone sins against a man, God will mediate for him, but if someone sins against the Lord, who can intercede for him?” But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for it was the will of the Lord to put them to death.” (1 Sam. 2:25)

2. “If a wise man has an argument with a fool, the fool only rages and laughs, and there is no quiet.” (29:9)

  • Inference: “Better is a handful of quietness than two hands full of toil and a striving after wind.” (Eccles. 4:6)

3. “The rod and reproof give wisdom, but a child left to himself brings shame to his mother.” (29:15)

  • Inference: “Discipline your son, and he will give you rest; he will give delight to your heart.” (29:17)

4. “One’s pride will bring him low, but he who is lowly in spirit will obtain honor.” (29:23)

  • Inference: “Whoever loves transgression loves strife; he who makes his door high seeks destruction.” (17:19)

5. “An unjust man is an abomination to the righteous, but one whose way is straight is an abomination to the wicked.” (29:27)

  • Inference: “. . . and said, “O Lord, God of Israel, there is no God like you, in heaven or on earth, keeping covenant and showing steadfast love to your servants who walk before you with all their heart, . . .” (2 Cor. 6:14)

Proverbs 30, The Words of Agur
1. “Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.” (30:5-6)

  • Inference: “I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.” (Rev. 22:18-19)

2. “There are those whose teeth are swords, whose fangs are knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, the needy from among mankind.” (30:14)

  • Inference: “My soul is in the midst of lions; I lie down amid fiery beasts—the children of man, whose teeth are spears and arrows, whose tongues are sharp swords.” (Ps. 57:4)


Week #85; Wed, Aug 14: Proverbs 31–Ecclesiastes 9

Week #85; Wed, August 14: Proverbs 31:1–Ecclesiastes 9:18

1. Overview: This three-year complete Bible study for men and women convenes January 2018 running through December 2020 using websites below or personal resources

2. Weekday and Time: Wednesdays, 9:00—11:00 AM for each new session study, however users may choose best time to suit individual weekly needs

3. Location: Anywhere your computer, tablet, phone, cable, and/or WiFi connect to the Internet and/or use personal Bible and e-mail input to host if preferred.

4. Session Info:

  • Format—Study of the entire English Standard Version (ESV) of the Holy Bible in a dramatized audio/visual setting with ample time allotted for expansion of ideas by blogging/e-mail—word-by-word, verse-by-verse—as desired.
  • Coverage per week—Key observations for seven to ten chapters are presented here every Wednesday morning in accordance with the schedule at link “5-Schedule” in above home menu.
  • Audio/Visual software—Use free ESV with PC downloads and/or tablet or phone apps for full coverage of text at: http://www.jwaministries.net.

5. This week’s Observations:

  • Wisdom literature—Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon are five biblical books that emphasize our need to understand and attain wisdom for all areas of life, including our relationships with God and with one another.
  • ExampleProverbs 1:2-7 says: “To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity; to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth—Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance, to understand a proverb and a saying, the words of the wise and their riddles. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Proverbs 31, The Words of King Lemuel
1. King Lemuel attributes the words of this proverb to his mother. She give strong counsel to her son on not giving his strength to women, drinking too much wine or strong drink, but to serve the mute, the destitute, and the poor.

  • Inference: “Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter distress; let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.” (31:6)

2. The King’s mother describes the woman who fears the Lord.

  • Inference: “An excellent wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels. (31:10)
  • Inference: “The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he will have no lack of gain. (31:11)
  • Inference: “She does him good, and not harm, all the days of her life.” (31:12)
  • Inference: “She opens her hand to the poor and reaches out her hands to the needy.” (31:20)
  • Inference: “Her husband is known in the gates when he sits among the elders of the land.” (31:23)
  • Inference: “Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to come. She opens her mouth with wisdom, and the teaching of kindness is on her tongue.” (31:25-26)
  • Inference: “Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised.” (31:30)

Ecclesiastes 1All Is Vanity
1. Solomon describes vanity.

  • Inference: “What does man gain by all the toil at which he toils under the sun?” (1:3)
  • Inference: “The sun rises . . . , the wind blows . . . , streams run . . . , All things are full of weariness; a man cannot utter it . . . ” (1:5-8)
  • Inference: “I have seen everything that is done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.” (1:14)
  • Inference: “For in much wisdom is much vexation, and he who increases knowledge increases sorrow.” (1:18)

Ecclesiastes 2, The Vanity of Self-Indulgence
1. “I (Solomon) said in my heart, ‘Come now, I will test you with pleasure; enjoy yourself.'” (2:1)

  • Inference: “I searched with my heart how to cheer my body with wine–my heart still guiding me with wisdom–and how to lay hold on folly, till I might see what was good for the children of man to do under heaven during the few days of their life.” (2:3)
  • Inference: “So I became great and surpassed all who were before me in Jerusalem. Also my wisdom remained with me. And whatever my eyes desired I did not keep from them.” (2:9)
  • Inference: “Then I considered all that my hands had done and the toil I had expended in doing it, and behold, all was vanity and a striving after wind, and there was nothing to be gained under the sun.” (2:11)
  • Inference: “So I turned to consider wisdom and madness and folly. . . . Then I saw that there is more gain in wisdom than in folly, as there is more gain in light than in darkness.” (2:12-13)
  • Inference: “Then I said in my heart, ‘What happens to the fool will happen to me also. Why then have I been so very wise?’ And I said in my heart that this also is vanity.” (2:15)
  • Inference: “For of the wise as of the fool there is no enduring remembrance, seeing that the days to come all will have been long forgotten. How the wise dies just like the fool.” (2:16)
  • Inference: “I hated all my toil in which I toil under the sun, seeing that I must leave it to the man who will come after me, and who knows whether he will be wise or a fool?” (2:18-19)
  • Inference: “There is nothing better for a person than that he should eat and drink and find enjoyment in his toil. This also, I saw, is from the hand of God, for apart from him who can eat or who can have enjoyment? For to the one who pleases him God has given wisdom and knowledge and joy, but to the singer he has given the business of gathering and collecting, only to give to one who pleases God. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.” (2:24-26)

Ecclesiastes 3, A Time for Everything
1. “For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven: . . .” (3:1)

  • Inference: “a time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted; a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up; a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; a time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing; a time to seek, and a time to lose; a time to keep, and a time to cast away; a time to tear, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak; a time to love, and a time to hate; a time for war, and a time for peace.” (3:2-8)
  • Inference: “I have seen the business that God has given to the children of man to be busy with. He has made everything beautiful in its time. Also, he has put eternity into man’s heart, yet so that he cannot find out what God has done from the beginning to the end. I perceived that there is nothing better for them than to be joyful and to do good as long as they live; also that everyone should eat and drink and take pleasure in all his toil–that is God’s gift to man.” (3:9-13)
  • Inference: “Moreover, I saw under the sun that in the place of justice, even there was wickedness, and in the place of righteousness, even there was wickedness.” (3:16)
  • Inference: “For what happens to the children of man and what happens to the beasts is the same; as one dies, so dies the other. They all have the same breath, and man has no advantage over the beasts, for all is vanity. All go to one place. All are from the dust, and to dust all return. Who knows whether the spirit of man goes upward and the spirit of the beast goes down into the earth?” (3:19-20)

Ecclesiastes 4, Evil Under the Sun
1. “Again I saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun.” (4:1)

  • Inference: “And behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had no one to comfort them!” (4:1)
  • Inference: “And I thought the dead who are already dead more fortunate than the living who are still alive.” (4:2)
  • Inference: “Then I saw that all toil and all skill in work come from a man’s envy of his neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.” (4:4)
  • Inference: “Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their toil. For it they fall, one will lift up his fellow. But woe to him who is alone when he falls and has not another to lift him up!” (4:9-10)
  • Inference: “And though a man might prevail against one who is alone, two will withstand him–a threefold cord is not easily broken.” (4:12)

Ecclesiastes 5, Fear God
1. “Guard your steps when you go to the house of God.” (5:1)

  • Inference: “Be not rash with your mouth, nor let your heart be hasty to utter a word before God, for God is in heaven and you are on earth. Therefore let you words be few.” (5:2)
  • Inference: “When you vow a vow to God, do not delay paying it, for he has no pleasure in fools. Pay what you vow. It is better that you should not vow than that you should vow and not pay.” (5:4-5)
  • Inference: “If you see in a province the oppression of the poor and the violation of justice and righteousness, do not be amazed at the matter, for the high official is watched by a higher, and there are yet higher ones over them.” (5:8)

2. “He who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves wealth with his income; this also is vanity.” (5:10)

  • Inference: “When goods increase, they increase who eat them, and what advantage has their owner but to see them with his eyes.” (5:11)
  • Inference: “There is a grievous evil that I have seen under the sun: riches were kept by their owner to his hurt, and those riches were lost by bad venture.” (5:13)
  • Inference: “As he came from his mother’s womb he shall go again, naked as he came, and shall take nothing for his toil that he may carry away in his hand. (5:15)

3. “Behold, what I have seen to be good and fitting is to eat and drink and find enjoyment in all the toil with which one toils under the sun the few days of his life that God has given him, for this is his lot.” (5:18)

Ecclesiastes 6, Striving After Wind
1. “There is an evil that I have seen under the sun, and it lies heavy on mankind; a man to whom God gives wealth, possessions, and honor, so that he lacks nothing of all that he desires, yet God does not give him power to enjoy them, but a stranger enjoys them. This is vanity; it is a grievous evil.” (6:1-2)

2. “If a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, so that the days of his years are many, but his soul is not satisfied with life’s good things, and he also has ho burial, I say that a still born child is better off than he.” (6:3)

3. “For who knows what is good for man while he lives the few days of his vain life, which he passes like a shadow? For who can tell man what will be after him under the sun?” (6:12)

Ecclesiastes 7, The Contrast of Wisdom and Folly
1. “A good name is better than precious ointment, and the day of death than the day of birth.” (7:1)

2. “It is better for a man to hear the rebuke of the wise than to hear the song of fools.” (7:5)

3. “Be not quick in your spirit to become angry, for anger lodges in the bosom of fools.” (7:9)

4. “Consider the work of God: who can make straight what he has made crooked?” (7:13)

5. “Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins.” (7:20)

6. “See, this alone I found, that God made man upright, but they have sought out many schemes.” (7:29)

Ecclesiastes 8, Keep the King’s Command
1. “Who is like the wise? And who knows the interpretation of a thing? A man’s wisdom makes his face shine, and the hardness of his face is changed.” (8:1)

2. “Whoever keeps a command will know no evil thing, and the wise heart will know the proper time and the just way.” (8:5)

3. “No man has power to retain the spirit, or power over the day of death.” (8:8)

4. “Because the sentence against an evil deed is not executed speedily, the heart of the children of man is fully set to do evil.” (8:11)

Ecclesiastes 9, Death Comes to All
1. “It is the same for all since the same event happens to the righteous and the wicked, to the good and the evil, to the clean and the unclean, to him who sacrifices and him who does not sacrifice. As the good one is, sons the sinner, and he who swears is as he who shuns an oath.” (9:2)

2. “Again I saw that under the sun the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, nor bread to the wise, nor riches to the intelligent, nor favor to those with knowledge, but time and chance happen to them all.” (9:11)

3. “The words of the wise heard in quiet are better than the shouting of a ruler among fools. Wisdom is better than weapons of war, but one sinner destroys much good.” (9:17-18)

Week #86; Wed, Aug 21: Ecclesiastes 10–Solomon–Isaiah 2

Week #86; Wed, August 21: Ecclesiastes 10:1–Solomon–Isaiah 2:22

1. Heart and soul are terms that Solomon used to convey his depth for what he wrote.

2. King Solomon “. . . spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005.” (1 Kings 4:32)

3. As a precursor to change from law to grace, the Lord told Isaiah to write, “Bring no more vain offerings; incense is an abomination to me.” (1:13)

4. Ultimately, “. . . the Lord alone will be exalted in that day (of the Lord)” (2:11, 17; 2 Peter 3)

Ecclesiastes 10, A Wise Man’s heart inclines him to the Right
1. “A wise man’s heart inclines him to the right, but a fool’s heart to the left.” (10:2)

  • Inference: “Inclinations come from the heart.” (10:2)

2. “The words of a wise man’s mouth win him favor, but the lips of a fool consume him.” (10:12)

  • Inference: “The beginning of the words of his mouth is foolishness, and the end of his talk is evil madness.” (10:13)

Ecclesiastes 11Cast Your Bread upon the Water
1. “But know that for all these things God will bring you into judgment.” (11:9)

  • Inference: “Remove vexation (annoyed, frustrated, worried) from your heart, and put away pain from your body, for youth and dawn of life are vanity.” (11:10)

Ecclesiastes 12, RememberYour Creator in Your Youth
1. “Remember also your Creator in the days of your youth, . . . because man is going to his eternal home, and the mourners go about the streets . . . ” (12:1, 5)

  • Inference: “. . . the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.” (12:7)
  • Inference: “Vanity of vanities, says the Preacher; all is vanity.” (12:8)

2. “Besides being wise, the Preacher also taught the people knowledge, weighing and studying and arranging many proverbs with great care. The Preacher sought to find words of delight, and uprightly he wrote words of truth.” (12:9, 10)

  • Inference: “. . . they are all given by one Shepherd,” (12:11)
  • Inference: “Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock! You who are enthroned upon the cherubim, shine forth.” (Ps. 80:1)

3. “The end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole cut of man.” (12:13)

  • Inference: “For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil.” (12:14)

The Song of Solomon 1, The Bride Confesses Her Love
1. “The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s. (1:1)

  • Inference: King Solomon “. . . spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005.” (1 Kings 4:32)

2. This song is a record of Solomon and his bride’s delight for each other with comments by others. (1:2-17)

  • Inference: Solomon and his bride are deeply in love; physical appeal is expressed. (1:2-17)

The Song of Solomon 2, A Rose of Sharon
1. “My beloved is mine, and I am his . . .” (2:16)

  • Inference: Adoration abounds between Solomon and his bride.

The Song of Solomon 3, The Bride’s Dream
1. Solomon arrives for the wedding in a choice carriage with sixty mighty men of Israel wearing swords. (3:7-10)

  • Inference: It was the “. . . day of gladness of his heart.” (3:11)

The Song of Solomon 4, Solomon Admires His Bride’s Beauty
1. Solomon admires in full detail his bride’s beauty (4:1-5)

  • Inference: “You have captivated my heart, my sister, my bride; you have captivated my heart with one glance of your eyes, with one jewel of your necklace.” (4:9)

The Song of Solomon 5, The Bride Searches for Her Beloved
1. “. . . her beloved had turned and gone.” (5:6)

  • Inference: Others make little of her loss. (5:7-9)
  • Inference: The bride praises her beloved. (5:10-16)

The Song of Solomon 6, Together in the Garden of Love
1. Others help his bride seek him. (6:1)

  • Inference: Solomon and his bride are reunited in his garden of lilies and spices. (6:2-3)
  • Inference: Solomon and his bride delight in each other (6:4-13)

The Song of Solomon 7, The Bride Gives Her Love
1. “I am my beloved’s, and his desire is for me.” (7:10)

  • Inference: “My beloved is mine, and I am his . . .” (2:16, 6:3)

The Song of Solomon 8, Longing for Her Beloved
1. “Set me as a seal upon your heart, as a seal upon your arm, for love is strong as death, jealousy is fierce as the grave. Its flashes are flashes of fire, the very flame of the Lord.” (8:6)

  • Inference: “Many waters cannot quench love, neither can floods drown it.” (8:7)

Isaiah 1, The Wickedness of Judah
1. “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. (1:1)

  • Inference: “Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the Lord has spoken: Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me.” (1:2)
  • Inference: “. . . but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.” (1:3)

2. “Ah, sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, offspring of evildoers, children who deal corruptly!” (1:4)

  • Inference: “They have forsaken the Lord, they have despised the Holy One of Israel, they are utterly estranged.” (1:4)

3. “Your country lies desolate; your cities are burned with fire; in your very presence foreigners devour your land; it is desolate, as overthrown by foreigners. (1:7)

  • Inference: “The daughter of Zion is left like a booth in a vineyard, like a lodge in a cucumber field, like a besieged city.” (1:8)

4. “I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams and the fat of well-fed beasts; I do not delight in the blood of bulls, or of lambs, or of goats.” (1:11)

  • Inference: “Bring no more vain offerings; incense is an abomination to me.” (1:13)
  • Inference: “Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean; remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes; cease to do evil, learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; bring justice to the fatherless, plead the widow’s cause.” (1:16-17)
  • Inference: “Come now, let us reason together, says the Lord: though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool.” (1:18)

5. “How the faithful city has become a whore she who was full of justice! Righteousness lodged in her, but now murderers.” (1:21)

  • Inference: “Therefore the Lord declares, the Lord of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel: ‘Ah, I will get relief from my enemies and avenge myself on my foes. I will turn my hand against you and will smelt away your dross as with lye and remove all your alloy.'” (1:24)
  • Inference: “Zion shall be redeemed by justice, and those in her who repent, by righteousness.” (1:27)

Isaiah 2, The Mountain of the Lord
1. “It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be lifted up above the hills; and all the nations shall flow to it, and many peoples shall come, and say: ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.'” (2:3)

  • Inference: “For out of Zion shall go the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.” (2:3)
  • Inference: “He shall judge between the nations, and shall decide disputes for many peoples; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore.” (2:4)

2. “Enter into the rock and hide in the dust from before the terror of the Lord, and from the splendor of his majesty.” (2:10)

  • Inference: “. . . the Lord alone will be exalted in that day (of the Lord)” (2:11, 17; 2 Peter 3)
  • Inference: “And people shall enter the caves of the rocks and the holes of the ground, from before the terror of the Lord, and from the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to terrify the earth.” (2:19)’
  • Inference: “In that day mankind will cast away their idols of silver and their idols of gold, which they made for themselves to worship . . .” (2:20)

Week #87; Wed, Aug 28: Isaiah 3–10

Week #87; Wed, August 28: Isaiah 3:1–Isaiah 10:34

1. Isaiah’s single vision predicts the fall of Judah and Jerusalem because of their deeds against the Lord.

2. Israel and Syria came to wage war against Jerusalem.

3. A remnant would survive; but, the combination of Assyria and Egypt was too overwhelming.

Isaiah 3, Judgment on Judah and Jerusalem
1. “For behold, the Lord God of hosts is taking away from Jerusalem and from Judah support and supply, all support of bread, and all support of water; the mighty man and the soldier, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder, the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor and the skillful magician and the expert in charms.” (3:1-3)

  • Inference: “And I will make boys their princes, and infants shall rule over them. And the people will oppress one another, every one his fellow and every one his neighbor.” (3:4-5)

2. “For Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah has fallen, because their speech and their deeds are against the Lord, defying his glorious presence.” (3:8)

  • Inference: “For the look on their faces bears witness against them; they proclaim their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to them! For they have brought evil on themselves.” (3:9)

Isaiah 4, The Branch of the Lord Glorified
1. It appears that a milestone is reached when the term “called by your name” is stated as a lament by the survivors of Israel. (4:1)

  • Inference: “In that day the branch of the Lord shall be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land shall be the pride and honor of the survivors of Israel.” (4:2)
  • Inference: “And he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy, everyone who has been recorded for life in Jerusalem, when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and cleansed the bloodstains of Jerusalem from its midst by a spirit of judgment and by a spirit of burning. Then the Lord will create over the whole site of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, and smoke and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory there will be a canopy.” (4:3-5)
  • Inference: “In days to come Jacob shall take root, Israel shall blossom and put forth shoots and fill the whole world with fruit.” (27:6)

Isaiah 5, The Vineyard of the Lord Destroyed
1. “For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant planting; and he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, an outcry!” (5:7)

  • Inference: “. . . but they do not regard the deeds of the Lord, or see the work of his hands.” (5:12)

2. “Therefore my people go into exile for lack of knowledge; their honored men go hungry, and their multitude is parched with thirst.” (5:13)

  • Inference: “Man is humbled, and each one is brought low, and the eyes of the haughty are brought low. But the Lord of hosts is exalted in justice, and the Holy God shows himself holy in righteousness.” (5:15-16)
  • Inference: “Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.” (5:20)

3. “. . . for they have rejected the law of the Lord of hosts, and have despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. Therefore the anger of the Lord was kindled against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them, and the mountains quaked; and their corpses were as refuse in the midst of the streets.” (5:24-25)

  • Inference: “For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.” (5:25)
  • Inference: “He will raise a signal for nations far away, and whistle for them from the ends of the earth; and behold, quickly, speedily they come!” (5:26)

Isaiah 6, Isaiah’s Vision of the Lord
1. “In the year that King Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and the train of his robe filled the temple.” (6:1)

  • Inference: “And I said: Woe is me! For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts!” (6:5)

2. “Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a burning coal that he had taken with tongs from the altar. And he touched my mouth and said: ‘Behold, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away, and your sin atoned for.'” (6:7)

3. “And I heard the voice of the Lord saying, ‘Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then I said, ‘Here am i! Send me.’ And he said, ‘Go, and say to this people:” (6:8)

  • Inference: “Make the heart of this people dull, and their ears heavy, and blind their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.” (6:10)
  • Inference: “Then I said, ‘How long, O Lord?’ And he said: Until cities lie waste without inhabitant, and houses without people, and the land is a desolate waste, and the Lord removes people far away and the forsaken places are many in the midst of the land.” (6:11-12)

Isaiah 7, Isaiah Sent to King Ahaz
1. Syria and Israel colluded together to defeat Judah and Jerusalem. (7:1-6)

  • Inference: But, the Lord God says, “It shall not stand, and it shall not come to pass. For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin. And within sixty-five years Ephraim will be shattered from being a people. And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is the son of Remaliah. If you are not firm in faith, you will not be firm at all.” (7:8-9)

2. The sign of Immanuel: “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. He shall eat curds and honey when he knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good. For before the boy knows how to refuse the evil and , the land whose two kings you dread will be deserted.” (7:14-16)

  • Inference: “In that day the Lord will shave with a razor that is hired beyond the River–with the king of Assyria–the head and the hair of the feet, and it will sweep away the beard also.” (7:20)

Isaiah 8, The Coming Assyrian Invasion
1. “. . . the wealth of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria will be carried away before the king of Assyria.” (8:4)

  • Inference: “. . . behold, the Lord is bringing up against them the waters of the River, mighty and many, the king of Assyria and all his glory. And it will rise over all its channels and go over all its banks, and it will sweep on into Judah, it will overflow and pass on, reaching even to the neck, and its outspread wings will fill the breadth of your land, O Immanuel.” (8:7-8)

2. “But the Lord of hosts, him you shall honor as holy. Let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.” (8:13)

  • Inference: “And he will become a sanctuary and a stone of offense and a rock of stumbling to both houses of Israel, a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many shall stumble on it. They shall fall and be broken; they shall be snared and taken.” (8:14-15)
  • Inference: “And they will be thrust into thick darkness.” (8:22)

Isaiah 9, For to Us a Child Is Born
1. “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” (9:6-7)

  • Inference: Jesus is on the way.

Isaiah 10, Judgment on Arrogant Assyria
1. “When the Lord has finished all his work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, he will punish the speech of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria and the boastful look in his eyes.” (10:12)

  • Inference: “The light of Israel will become a fire, and his Holy One a flame, and it will burn and devour his thorns and briers in one day.” (10:17)

2. “A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God. For though your people Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will return.” (10:21)

  • Inference: “O my people, who dwell in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrians when they strike with the rod and lift up their staff against you as the Egyptians did.” (10:24)