Week #83; Wed, July 31: Proverbs 12:1-21:31

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:

1. Unlimited inferences appear to grow from insights in other places in the current chapter or from other places in the Bible.

2. Proverbs is loaded with pointed examples of what is wise and what is an abomination.

3. Key examples are spotlighted for illustration; many more are among the Proverbs covered here.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Proverbs 12, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, but he who hates reproof is stupid.” (12:1)

  • Inference: “How I hated discipline, and my heart despised reproof! I did not listen to the voice of my teachers or incline my ear to my instructors. I am at the brink of utter ruin . . .” (5:12-13)
  • Inference: “There is severe discipline for him who forsakes the way; whoever hates reproof will die.” (15:10)
  • Inference: “For he sees that even the wise die; the fool and the stupid alike must perish and leave their wealth to others.” (Ps. 49:10)

2. “An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.” (12:4)

  • Inference: “An excellent wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels.” (31:10)

3. “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits lacks sense.” (12:11)

  • Inference: “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, he who is crooked in his ways will suddenly fall.” (28:18)
  • Inference: “. . . the work of a man’s hand comes back to him.” (12:14)
  • Inference: “The hand of the diligent will rule, while the slothful will be put to forced labor.” (12:24)

4. “Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who act faithful are his delight.” (12:22)

  • Inference: “Outside are the dogs and sorcerers and the sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.” (Rev. 22:15)
  • Inference: “There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil, a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers.” (6:16-17)
  • Inference: “Those of crooked heart are an abomination to the Lord, but those of blameless ways are his delight.” (11:20)

Proverbs 13, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life; he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.” (13:3)

  • Inference: “One pretends to be rich, yet has nothing; another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.” (13:7)

2. “The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.” (13:9)

  • Inference: “. . . when his lamp shone upon my head, and by his light I walked through darkness . . . (Job 29:3)
  • Inference: “Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out, and the flame of his fire does not shine. The light is dark in his tent, and his lamp above him is put out.” (Job 18:5)

3. “Wealth gained hastily will dwindle, but whoever gathers little by little will increase it.” (13:11)

  • Inference: “Treasures gained by wickedness do not profit, but righteousness delivers from death.” (10:2)
  • Inference: “The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a fleeting vapor and a snare of death.” (21:6)

4. “Whoever despises the word brings destruction on himself, but he who reveres the commandment will be rewarded.” (13:13)

  • Inference: “Whoever gives thought to the word will discover good, and blessed is he who trusts in the Lord.” (16:20)
  • Inference: “A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a faithful envoy brings healing.” (13:17)

Proverbs 14, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “The wisest of women builds her house, but folly with her own hands tears it down.” (14:1)

  • Inference: “Then all the people who were at the gate and the elders said, ‘We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman, who is coming into your house, like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you act worthily in Ephrathah and be renowned in Bethlehem, and may your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, because of the offspring that the Lord will give you by this young woman.’” (Ruth 4:11-12)

2. “The wisdom of the prudent is to discern his way, but the folly of fools is deceiving.” (14:8)

  • Inference: “One who is wise is cautious and turns away from evil, but a fool is reckless and careless.” (13:16)

3. “The house of the wicked will be destroyed, but the tent of the upright will flourish.” (14:11)

  • Inference: “The Lord’s curse is on the house of the wicked, but he blesses the dwelling of the righteous.” (3:33)

4. “The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.” (14:27)

  • Inference: “The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.” (13:14)

5. “Whoever is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a hasty temper exalts folly.” (14:29)

  • Inference: “Whoever is slow to anger is better than the mighty, and he who rules his spirit than he who takes a city.” (16:32)

6. “Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people.” (14:34)

  • Inference: Still true!

Proverbs 15, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A soft answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.” (15:1)

  • Inference: “With patience a ruler may be persuaded, and a soft tongue will break a bone.” (25:15)
  • Inference: “A gentle tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it breaks the spirit.” (15:4)

2. “The eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.” (15:3)

  • Inference: “Does not he see my ways and number all my steps? (Job 31:4)

3. “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord, but the prayer of the upright is acceptable to him.” (15:8)

  • Inference: “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination; how much more when he brings it with evil intent. (21:27)

4. “There is severe discipline for him who forsakes the way; whoever hates reproof will die.” (15:10)

  • Inference: “Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint. (Isa. 1:5)

5. “Better is a dinner of herbs where love is than a fattened ox and hatred with it.” (15:17)

  • Inference: “Better is a dry morsel with quiet than a house full of feasting with strife. (17:1)

6. “The way of a sluggard is like a hedge of thorns, but the path of the upright is a level highway.” (15:19)

  • Inference: “But my people have forgotten me; they make offerings to false gods; they made them stumble in their ways, in the ancient roads, and to walk into side roads, not the highway, making their land a horror, a thing to be hissed at forever. Everyone who passes by it is horrified and shakes his head.” (Jer. 18:15)

7. “The Lord is far from the wicked, but he hears the prayers of the righteous.” (15:29)

  • Inference: “The Lord is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth. He fulfills the desire of those who fear him; he also hears their cry and saves them. (Ps. 145:18-19)

Proverbs 16, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the Lord weights the spirit.” (16:2)

  • Inference: “Every way of a man is right in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the heart.” (21:2)

2. “By steadfast love and faithfulness iniquity is atoned for, and by the fear of the Lord one turns away from evil.” (16:6)

  • Inference: Therefore, O king (Nebuchadnezzar), let my (Daniel) counsel be acceptable to you: break off your sins by practicing righteousness, and your iniquities by showing mercy to the oppressed, that there may perhaps be a lengthening of your prosperity.” (Dan. 4:27)

3. “The highway of the upright turns aside from evil; whoever guards his way preserves his life.” (16:17)

  • Inference: “My brothers, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone brings him back, let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.” (Jam. 5:19-20)

4. “Whoever gives thought to the word will discover good, and blessed is he who trusts in the Lord.” (16:20)

  • Inference: “Whoever gets sense loves his own soul; he who keeps understanding will discover good.” (19:8)

5. “Gracious words are like a honeycomb, sweetness to the soul and health to the body.” (16:24)

  • Inference: “The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord, but gracious words are pure.” (15:26)

6. “Gray hair is a crown of glory; it is gained in a righteous life.” (16:31)

  • Inference: “Grandchildren are the crown of the aged, and the glory of children is their fathers.” (17:6)

Proverbs 17, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “An evildoer listens to wicked lips, and a liar gives ear to a mischievous tongue.” (17:4)

  • Inference: “The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold, and the Lord gets hearts.” (17:3)

2. “Whoever covers an offense seeks love, but he who repeats a matter separates close friends.” (17:9)

  • Inference: “Hated stirs up strife, but love covers all offenses.” (10:12)

3. “If anyone returns evil for good, evil will not depart from his house.” (17:20)

  • Inference: “Those of crooked heart are an abomination to the Lord, but those of blameless ways are his delight.” (11:20)

4. “The discerning sets his face toward wisdom, but the eyes of a fool are on the ends of the earth.” (17:24)

  • Inference: “A scoffer seeks wisdom in vain, but knowledge is easy for a man of understanding.” (14:6)

5. “Whoever restrains his words has knowledge, and he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.” (17:27)

  • Inference: “When words are many, transgression is not lacking, but whoever restrains his lips is prudent.” (10:19)

Proverbs 18, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A fool takes no measure in understanding, but only in expressing his opinion.” (18:2)

  • Inference: “In everything the prudent acts with knowledge, but a fool flaunts his folly.” (13:16)

2. “When wickedness comes, contempt comes also and with dishonor comes disgrace.” (18:3)

  • Inference: “Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.” (16:18)

3. “The name of the Lord is a strong tower; the righteous man runs into it and is safe. (18:10)

  • Inference: “The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord. The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, ‘The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.'” (Ex. 34:5-7)

4. “He who finds a wife finds a good thing and obtains favor from the Lord.” (18-22)

  • Inference: “An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.” (12:4)

Proverbs 19, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Better is a poor person who walks in his integrity than one who is crooked in speech and is a fool.” (19:1)

  • Inference: “Whoever walks in uprightness fears the Lord, but he who is devious in his ways despises him.” (14:2)

2. “When a man’s folly brings his way to ruin, his heart rages against the Lord.” (19:3)

  • Inference: “The integrity of the upright guides them, but the crookedness of the treacherous destroys them.” (11:3)

3. “A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will not escape.” (19:5)

  • Inference: “Truthful lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who act faithfully are his delight.” (12:19)

4. “It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury, much less for a slave to rule over princes.” (19:10)

  • Inference: “Fine speech is not becoming to a fool; still less is false speech to a prince.” (17:7)

5. “Good sense makes one slow to anger, and it is his glory to overlook an offense.” (19:11)

  • Inference: “Whoever is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a hasty temper exalts folly.” (14:29)

6. “Whoever is generous to the poor lends to the Lord, and he will repay him for his deed.” (19:17)

  • Inference: “Whoever has a bountiful eye will be blessed, for he shares his bread with the poor.” (22:9)

7. “The fear of the Lord leads to life, and whoever has it rests satisfied; he will not be visited by harm.” (19:23)

  • Inference: “The wage of the righteous leads to life, the gain of the wicked to sin.” (10:16)

Proverbs 20, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.” (20:1)

  • Inference: “Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes? Those who tarry long over wine; those who go to try mixed wine. Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly. In the end it bites like a serpent and stings like an adder. (23:29-32)

2. “The sluggard does not plow in the autumn; he will seek at harvest and have nothing.” (20:4)

  • Inference: “Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep, and an idle person will suffer hunger.” (19:15)

3. “Unequal weights and unequal measures are both alike an abomination to the Lord.” (20:10)

  • Inference: “Unequal weights are an abomination to the Lord, and false scales are not good.” (20:23)

4. “There is gold and abundance of costly stones, but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.” (20:15)

  • Inference: “No mention shall be made of coral or of crystal; the price of wisdom is above pearls.” (Job 28:18)

5. “Do not say, ‘I will repay evil’; wait for the Lord, and he will deliver you.” (20:22)

  • Inference: “Do not say, ‘I will do to him as he has done to me; I will pay the man back for what he has done.'” (24:29)

Proverbs 21, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Every way of a man is right in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the heart.” (21:2)

  • Inference: “All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the spirit” (16:2)

2. “Haughty eyes and a proud heart, the lamp of the wicked, are sin.” (21:4)

  • Inference: “Whoever slanders his neighbor secretly I will destroy. Whoever has a haughty look and an arrogant heart I will not endure. (Ps. 101:5)

3. “When a scoffer is punished, the simple becomes wise; when a wise man is instructed, he gains knowledge.” (21:11)

  • Inference: “Strike a scoffer, and the simple will learn prudence; reprove a man of understanding, and he will gain knowledge.” (19:25)

4. “Whoever closes his ear to the cry of the poor will himself call out and not be answered.” (21:13)

  • Inference: “For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.” (James 2:13)

5. “The horse is made ready for the day of battle, but the victor belongs to the Lord.” (21:31)

  • Inference: “Truly the hills are a delusion, the orgies on the mountains. Truly in the Lord our God is the salvation of Israel.” (Jer. 3:23)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *