Week #79; Wed, Jul 3: Psalm 101:1-113:9
1. Creation, bondage in Egypt, and wanderings in the desert are topics put to song in Psalm 104, 105, and 106 refreshing the peoples memory (and ours) every time they are performed or read.
2. Book 4 of Psalms ends with Psalm 106 which closes the songs focusing on God is “above” us.
3. Book 5 of Psalms begins with Psalm 107 and these songs reveal how God is “among” us.
4. Recall how the five books of Psalms address how God is: “beside us” in #1, “before us” in #2, “around us” in #3, “above us” in #4, and “among us” in #5.
Psalm 101, I Will Walk with Integrity
1. David identifies multiple ways he will honor the Lord with steadfast love, justice, music, blamelessness, integrity of heart, righteousness, no perverseness, no evil, no slander, no haughtiness, no arrogance, no deceitfulness, and no lying.
2. David said he favors faithfulness, blamelessness, and protection for the city of the Lord.
Psalm 102, Do Not Hide Your Face from Me
1. Afflicted, faint, and distressed, this prayer of lament seeks the Lord.
2. Complaints are raised over fears of bones burning in a furness, aging, sleeplessness, loneliness, taunting, hunger, tears, and withering away.
3. In turning to the Lord, this prayer begins to glorify the Lord through all generations, indicating nations will fear the name of the Lord and all the kings of the earth will fear his glory.
4. The Lord is recognized for hearing the prayers of the destitute and the groans of the prisoner.
5. So, the lament of this prayer returns to the need for relief from shortened days and in light of unending days of the Lord and years without end.
Psalm 103, Bless the Lord, O My Soul
1. David prays for his soul and all that is within him to bless the Lord.
2. The Lord’s benefits are forgiveness, healing, redemption, crowns of steadfast love and mercy, and good that will renew youth like the eagles.
3. Praise is given to the Lord for his works of righteousness and justice for the oppressed.
4. Praise is given for his ways and acts to Moses and to the people of Israel.
5. Praise is given to the Lord for his mercy and grace, slowness to anger, and abounding steadfast love.
6. Praise is made for the Lord not chiding or keeping his anger forever, not dealing with us according to our sins, nor repaying us according to our iniquities.
7. Praise for removing our transgressions from us as far as the east is from the west, so far does he remove our transgressions from us.
8. Fear of the Lord, keeping his covenant, doing his commandments, obeying the voice of his word, and doing his word are important criteria in all places of his dominion.
Psalm 104, O Lord My God, You Are Very Great
1. Praise is given to the Lord from the soul with reflections on creation throughout this song.
2. The Lord has the majesty of light for clothing, he creates and sets limits for the heavens, earth, waters, clouds, his messengers are as the winds, and his ministers are as flaming fire.
3. The Lord set the foundations of the earth that cannot be moved; he set a boundary that cannot be passed by the waters or the mountains.
4. The Lord made springs gush forth in the valleys to give drink to every beast of the field and provide food from the earth, and wine to gladden the heart of man.
5. The Lord made darkness and light; the manifold of the works of the Lord is very great.
6. The Spirit of the Lord renews the face of the ground; may the glory of the Lord endure forever and my soul bless the Lord, praise the Lord.
Psalm 105, Tell of All His Wonderful Works
1. This song calls for singing praises to the Lord to make known his deeds among the peoples with reflections on Abraham and his covenant with him!
2. This song calls for seeking the strength and the presence of the Lord continually; to remember the wondrous works that he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he uttered.
3. To remember the Lord’s everlasting covenant to Israel saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan as your portion for an inheritance.”
4. While the peoples wandered as sojourners from nation to nation, the Lord rebuked kings on their account saying, “Touch not my anointed ones, do my prophet no harm!”
5. The Lord selected Joseph, who was sold as a slave into Egypt, and was set free by the king making him lord of his house and ruler of all his possessions.
6. Israel came to Egypt and the Lord made his people very fruitful and made them stronger than their foes.
7. But the Lord turned the hearts of the Egyptians to hate his people, to deal craftily with his servants.
8. The Lord sent Moses and Aaron to perform signs and miracles in their land (Ham); he sent darkness, blood in their waters killing fish, frogs, flies, gnats, hail, lightning, shattered trees, locusts, and struck down all the firstborn.
9. Then the Lord brought out Israel with silver and gold; he spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light by night.
10. He gave them quail, bread from heaven, and water from a rock for he remembered his holy promise, and Abraham, his servant.
Psalm 106, Give Thanks to the Lord, for He Is Good (End of Book 4 of Psalms–God is above us)
1. This song of praise records the Lord’s mighty deeds in the desert delivered from above.
2. It begins with a confession of sins of iniquity and wickedness, and a need for remembrance and help to be saved.
3. Even though their fathers rebelled at the Red Sea, God saved them for his name’s sake, that he might make known his mighty power.
4. He rebuked the Red Sea, and it became dry; he led them through the deep as through a desert; and he saved them from the hand of the foe when the waters covered their adversaries.
5. Although they believed his words and they sang his praise, they soon forgot his works and began to crave meat putting God to the test–God granted their request but also sent a wasting disease among them.
6. When men in the camp were jealous of Moses and Aaron, the Lord opened the earth and swallowed up Dathan and the company of Abiram; fire broke out and burned up the wicked.
7. When the people made a golden calf at Horeb and worshiped it, the Lord said he would destroy them; but Moses persuaded him to turn away his wrath from destroying them.
8. When the people murmured about the promised land, the Lord swore to them that he would make them fall in the wilderness (40 years until that generation was gone) and make their offspring fall among the nations, scattering them among the lands.
9. When the people yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor, and ate sacrifices offered to the dead; they provoked the Lord to anger with their deeds and he sent a plague among them.
10. After Phinehas intervened with the Lord on the peoples behalf, they again angered him at the waters of Mariah and it went ill with Moses on their account when he spoke rashly with his lips.
11. They did not destroy the peoples as the Lord commanded them, but they mixed with the nations and learned to do as they did by serving their idols and sacrificing their sons and daughters to the demons.
12. The people were given over into the hand of the nations where they were oppressed and brought into subjection under their power; but the Lord heard their cry and remembered his covenant and relented because of his steadfast love.
Psalm 107, Let the Redeemed of the Lord Say So (Beginning of Book 5 of Psalms–God is among us)
1. Having been redeemed from trouble, the people give thanks to the Lord for his steadfast love and for gathering them in from the lands, east to west, north to south.
2. He burst their bonds apart, shattered the doors of bronze, and cut in two the bars of iron.
3. Then, “Let them thank the Lord for his steadfast love, for his wondrous works to the children of man! And let them offer sacrifices of thanksgiving, and tell of his deeds in songs of joy!”
4. When they went down in ships, the Lord commanded and raised the stormy wind; He made the storm be still, and the waves were hushed when they cried to the Lord in their trouble; he delivered them from their distress.
5. Because of the evil of its inhabitants, He turns rivers into a desert, springs of water into thirsty ground, and fruitful land into a salty waste.
6. Because he raises up the needy out of affliction and makes their families like flocks; whoever is wise, let him attend to these things and let them consider the steadfast love of the Lord.
Psalm 108, With God We Shall Do Valiantly
1. This song of exaltation is prefaced by phrases like, “I will sing and make melody with all my being! . . . I will give thanks to you, O Lord, among the peoples; I will sing praises to you among the nations. For your steadfast love is great above the heavens; your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.”
2. In lamenting over needing help in treading down foes, the request goes up for the Lord to, “grant us help against the foe, for vain is the salvation of man!”
3. And with assurance and faith in the Lord the people sing, “With God we shall do valiantly; it is he who will tread down our foes.”
Psalm 109, Help Me, O Lord My God
1. David sings, “Be not silent, O God of my praise! For wicked and deceitful mouths are opened against me, speaking against me with lying tongues.” . . . “they reward me evil for good, and hatred for my love.”
2. David focuses on the numerous traits of the wicked and what he views as the torment (reward) they should receive from the Lord.
3. David pleads for the Lord to save him according to his steadfast love and promises he will give great thanks to the Lord and praise him in the midst of the throng.
Psalm 110, Sit at My Right Hand (110 appears to pertain to Psalm 109 above)
1. The Lord replies to David regarding his enemies, “Sit at my right hand, until I make you enemies your footstool.”
2. And, “The Lord is at your right hand; he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath. He will execute judgment among the nations, filling them with corpses; he will shatter chiefs over the wide earth.”
3. Deep meaning is contained in this song that should be approached with a willingness to strengthen personal eschatology and soteriology footings on eternity.
Psalm 111, Great Are the Lord’s Works
1. This song is for those who delight in the study of the works of the Lord; it confirms that “The works of his hands are faithful and just; all his precepts are trustworthy; they are established forever and ever, to be performed with faithfulness and uprightness.”
2. So, this song leaves no obfuscation, “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; all those who practice it have a good understanding. His praise endures forever!”
Psalm 112, The Righteous Will Never Be Moved
1. This song reiterates that, “Blessed is the man who fears the Lord, who greatly delights in his commandments!”
2. But, “The wicked man sees it and is angry; he gnashes his teeth and melts away; the desire of the wicked will perish.”
Psalm 113, Who Is Like the Lord Our God
1. Then, based on Psalm 112, “Blessed be the name of the Lord from this time forth and forevermore! From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised.”