Week #79; Wed, July 3: Psalm 101-113

Week #79; Wed, Jul 3: Psalm 101:1-113:9

1. Creation, bondage in Egypt, and wanderings in the desert are topics put to song in Psalm 104, 105, and 106 refreshing the peoples memory (and ours) every time they are performed or read.

2. Book 4 of Psalms ends with Psalm 106 which closes the songs focusing on God is “above” us.

3. Book 5 of Psalms begins with Psalm 107 and these songs reveal how God is “among” us.

4. Recall how the five books of Psalms address how God is: “beside us” in #1, “before us” in #2, “around us” in #3, “above us” in #4, and “among us” in #5.

Psalm 101, I Will Walk with Integrity
1. David identifies multiple ways he will honor the Lord with steadfast love, justice, music, blamelessness, integrity of heart, righteousness, no perverseness, no evil, no slander, no haughtiness, no arrogance, no deceitfulness, and no lying.

2. David said he favors faithfulness, blamelessness, and protection for the city of the Lord.

Psalm 102, Do Not Hide Your Face from Me
1. Afflicted, faint, and distressed, this prayer of lament seeks the Lord.

2. Complaints are raised over fears of bones burning in a furness, aging, sleeplessness, loneliness, taunting, hunger, tears, and withering away.

3. In turning to the Lord, this prayer begins to glorify the Lord through all generations, indicating nations will fear the name of the Lord and all the kings of the earth will fear his glory.

4. The Lord is recognized for hearing the prayers of the destitute and the groans of the prisoner.

5. So, the lament of this prayer returns to the need for relief from shortened days and in light of unending days of the Lord and years without end.

Psalm 103, Bless the Lord, O My Soul
1. David prays for his soul and all that is within him to bless the Lord.

2. The Lord’s benefits are forgiveness, healing, redemption, crowns of steadfast love and mercy, and good that will renew youth like the eagles.

3. Praise is given to the Lord for his works of righteousness and justice for the oppressed.

4. Praise is given for his ways and acts to Moses and to the people of Israel.

5. Praise is given to the Lord for his mercy and grace, slowness to anger, and abounding steadfast love.

6. Praise is made for the Lord not chiding or keeping his anger forever, not dealing with us according to our sins, nor repaying us according to our iniquities.

7. Praise for removing our transgressions from us as far as the east is from the west, so far does he remove our transgressions from us.

8. Fear of the Lord, keeping his covenant, doing his commandments, obeying the voice of his word, and doing his word are important criteria in all places of his dominion.

Psalm 104, O Lord My God, You Are Very Great
1. Praise is given to the Lord from the soul with reflections on creation throughout this song.

2. The Lord has the majesty of light for clothing, he creates and sets limits for the heavens, earth, waters, clouds, his messengers are as the winds, and his ministers are as flaming fire.

3. The Lord set the foundations of the earth that cannot be moved; he set a boundary that cannot be passed by the waters or the mountains.

4. The Lord made springs gush forth in the valleys to give drink to every beast of the field and provide food from the earth, and wine to gladden the heart of man.

5. The Lord made darkness and light; the manifold of the works of the Lord is very great.

6. The Spirit of the Lord renews the face of the ground; may the glory of the Lord endure forever and my soul bless the Lord, praise the Lord.

Psalm 105, Tell of All His Wonderful Works
1. This song calls for singing praises to the Lord to make known his deeds among the peoples with reflections on Abraham and his covenant with him!

2. This song calls for seeking the strength and the presence of the Lord continually; to remember the wondrous works that he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he uttered.

3. To remember the Lord’s everlasting covenant to Israel saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan as your portion for an inheritance.”

4. While the peoples wandered as sojourners from nation to nation, the Lord rebuked kings on their account saying, “Touch not my anointed ones, do my prophet no harm!”

5. The Lord selected Joseph, who was sold as a slave into Egypt, and was set free by the king making him lord of his house and ruler of all his possessions.

6. Israel came to Egypt and the Lord made his people very fruitful and made them stronger than their foes.

7. But the Lord turned the hearts of the Egyptians to hate his people, to deal craftily with his servants.

8. The Lord sent Moses and Aaron to perform signs and miracles in their land (Ham); he sent darkness, blood in their waters killing fish, frogs, flies, gnats, hail, lightning, shattered trees, locusts, and struck down all the firstborn.

9. Then the Lord brought out Israel with silver and gold; he spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light by night.

10. He gave them quail, bread from heaven, and water from a rock for he remembered his holy promise, and Abraham, his servant.

Psalm 106, Give Thanks to the Lord, for He Is Good (End of Book 4 of Psalms–God is above us)
1. This song of praise records the Lord’s mighty deeds in the desert delivered from above.

2. It begins with a confession of sins of iniquity and wickedness, and a need for remembrance and help to be saved.

3. Even though their fathers rebelled at the Red Sea, God saved them for his name’s sake, that he might make known his mighty power.

4. He rebuked the Red Sea, and it became dry; he led them through the deep as through a desert; and he saved them from the hand of the foe when the waters covered their adversaries.

5. Although they believed his words and they sang his praise, they soon forgot his works and began to crave meat putting God to the test–God granted their request but also sent a wasting disease among them.

6. When men in the camp were jealous of Moses and Aaron, the Lord opened the earth and swallowed up Dathan and the company of Abiram; fire broke out and burned up the wicked.

7. When the people made a golden calf at Horeb and worshiped it, the Lord said he would destroy them; but Moses persuaded him to turn away his wrath from destroying them.

8. When the people murmured about the promised land, the Lord swore to them that he would make them fall in the wilderness (40 years until that generation was gone) and make their offspring fall among the nations, scattering them among the lands.

9. When the people yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor, and ate sacrifices offered to the dead; they provoked the Lord to anger with their deeds and he sent a plague among them.

10. After Phinehas intervened with the Lord on the peoples behalf, they again angered him at the waters of Mariah and it went ill with Moses on their account when he spoke rashly with his lips.

11. They did not destroy the peoples as the Lord commanded them, but they mixed with the nations and learned to do as they did by serving their idols and sacrificing their sons and daughters to the demons.

12. The people were given over into the hand of the nations where they were oppressed and brought into subjection under their power; but the Lord heard their cry and remembered his covenant and relented because of his steadfast love.

Psalm 107, Let the Redeemed of the Lord Say So (Beginning of Book 5 of Psalms–God is among us)
1. Having been redeemed from trouble, the people give thanks to the Lord for his steadfast love and for gathering them in from the lands, east to west, north to south.

2. He burst their bonds apart, shattered the doors of bronze, and cut in two the bars of iron.

3. Then, “Let them thank the Lord for his steadfast love, for his wondrous works to the children of man! And let them offer sacrifices of thanksgiving, and tell of his deeds in songs of joy!”

4. When they went down in ships, the Lord commanded and raised the stormy wind; He made the storm be still, and the waves were hushed when they cried to the Lord in their trouble; he delivered them from their distress.

5. Because of the evil of its inhabitants, He turns rivers into a desert, springs of water into thirsty ground, and fruitful land into a salty waste.

6. Because he raises up the needy out of affliction and makes their families like flocks; whoever is wise, let him attend to these things and let them consider the steadfast love of the Lord.

Psalm 108, With God We Shall Do Valiantly
1. This song of exaltation is prefaced by phrases like, “I will sing and make melody with all my being! . . . I will give thanks to you, O Lord, among the peoples; I will sing praises to you among the nations. For your steadfast love is great above the heavens; your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.”

2. In lamenting over needing help in treading down foes, the request goes up for the Lord to, “grant us help against the foe, for vain is the salvation of man!”

3. And with assurance and faith in the Lord the people sing, “With God we shall do valiantly; it is he who will tread down our foes.”

Psalm 109, Help Me, O Lord My God
1. David sings, “Be not silent, O God of my praise! For wicked and deceitful mouths are opened against me, speaking against me with lying tongues.” . . . “they reward me evil for good, and hatred for my love.”

2. David focuses on the numerous traits of the wicked and what he views as the torment (reward) they should receive from the Lord.

3. David pleads for the Lord to save him according to his steadfast love and promises he will give great thanks to the Lord and praise him in the midst of the throng.

Psalm 110, Sit at My Right Hand (110 appears to pertain to Psalm 109 above)
1. The Lord replies to David regarding his enemies, “Sit at my right hand, until I make you enemies your footstool.”

2. And, “The Lord is at your right hand; he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath. He will execute judgment among the nations, filling them with corpses; he will shatter chiefs over the wide earth.”

3. Deep meaning is contained in this song that should be approached with a willingness to strengthen personal eschatology and soteriology footings on eternity.

Psalm 111, Great Are the Lord’s Works
1. This song is for those who delight in the study of the works of the Lord; it confirms that “The works of his hands are faithful and just; all his precepts are trustworthy; they are established forever and ever, to be performed with faithfulness and uprightness.”

2. So, this song leaves no obfuscation, “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; all those who practice it have a good understanding. His praise endures forever!”

Psalm 112, The Righteous Will Never Be Moved
1. This song reiterates that, “Blessed is the man who fears the Lord, who greatly delights in his commandments!”

2. But, “The wicked man sees it and is angry; he gnashes his teeth and melts away; the desire of the wicked will perish.”

Psalm 113, Who Is Like the Lord Our God
1. Then, based on Psalm 112, “Blessed be the name of the Lord from this time forth and forevermore! From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised.”


Week #80; Wed, Jul 10: Psalm 114-129

Week #80; Wed, Jul 10: Psalm 114:1-129:8

1. This block of study infers the future with the Lord in multiple instances.

2. My ESV footnotes indicate that, “Psalm 119 is an acrostic poem of twenty-two stanzas, following the letters of the Hebrew alphabet; within a stanza, each verse begins with the same Hebrew letter.”

3. It appears that reading Psalm 120-129 in a continuous stream is beneficial for following a right relationship with the Lord.

Psalm 114, Tremble at the Presence of the Lord
1. “When Israel went out from Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language, Judah became his sanctuary, Israel his dominion.” Inference is made to the special relationship between the Hebrew people and the Lord.

2. “The sea looked and fled; Jordan turned back. The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like lambs.” Inference is made to the power the Lord used to protect his people that caused their enemies to tremble.

Psalm 115, To Your Name Give Glory
1. “For the sake of your steadfast love and your faithfulness!” Why should the nations say, Where is there God? Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases.” The inference here is obvious for those that trust in the Lord instead of idols of silver or gold with hands that that do not feel; mouths that do not speak; eyes that do not see; ears that do not hear; noses that do not smell; feet that do not walk; and throats that do not make a sound.

2. “. . . all that trust in them will be like them.” Inference here is grievous for those that do not walk with the Lord.

3. “O Israel, trust in the Lord! . . . You who fear the Lord, trust in the Lord! He is their help and their shield.” Inference here is to be steadfast in the Lord.

Psalm 116, I Love the Lord
1. “I love the Lord, because he has heard my voice and my pleas for mercy. Because he inclined his ear to me, therefore I will call on him as long as I live. . . . O Lord, I pray, deliver my soul!” The inference is clear, there is a need for clear connection, great communication, and a personal relationship with the Lord.

2. “All mankind are liars.” The inference here is why would trust be placed in man instead of the Lord.

3. “What shall I render to the Lord for all his benefits to me? I will lift up the cup of salvation and call on the name of the Lord.” Inference for the cup of salvation extends for all time, then and now.

4. “Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints.” The inference here is that he wants us back.

Psalm 117, The Lord’s Faithfulness Endures Forever
1. “Praise the Lord, all nations! Extol him, all peoples!” Inference is nothing should he elevated higher than the Lord.

2. “. . . The Lord Endures forever. Praise the Lord!” Inference confirms the scope of Alpha and Omega.

Psalm 118, His Steadfast Love Endures Forever
1. “The Lord is on my side; I will not fear. What can man do to me?” Inference is made to eternal life; it is not dependent on man.

2. “It is better to take refuge in the Lord than to trust in man, . . . or princes.” Inference is made to the shortness of life, something more durable is needed to travel through eternity.

3. “Open to me the gates of righteousness, that I may enter through them and give thanks to the Lord.” Inference is made for the right spirit leading to and into eternity.

4. “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.” Inference is made here to Jesus.

5. “This is the day that the Lord has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it.” Inference is made to security in the Lord, not man.

6. “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” Inference is made of our mission to serve the will of the Lord in all that we do.

7. “The Lord is God, and he has made his light to shine upon us.” Inference is made that God knows everything about us and where we are going.

Psalm 119, Your Word Is a Lamp to My Feet (an acrostic poem)
1. “Blessed are those whose walk is blameless, who walk in the law of the Lord! Blessed are those who keep his testimonies, who seek him with their whole heart, who also do no wrong, but walk in his ways.” Inference is on knowing and keeping all of God’s precepts in our heart to know how to walk in his ways.

2. “I am a sojourner on the earth; hide not your commandments from me!” Inference is in the knowledge that life is temporary and the Lord’s commandments need to be known and used constantly.

3. “Teach me, O Lord the way of your statutes; and I will keep it to the end. Give me understanding, that I may keep your law and observe it with my whole heart.” Inference is in the commitment needed to follow the statutes of the Lord.

4. “Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to ‘selfish gain.'” Inference is on the heart and the need for it to be open to the Lord without deviating to the right or the left for temporal distractions.

5. “The law of your mouth is better to me than thousands of gold and silver pieces.” Inference is on the temporal nature of temporal distractions and the need to value the word of the Lord above all other things.

6. “My soul longs for your salvation; I hope in your word.” Inference is on the ultimate goal, to be with the Lord.

7. “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.” Inference is on following the Lord and avoiding all darkness in the world; seeking only truth that endures forever.

Psalm 120, Deliver Me, O Lord
1. “Deliver me, O Lord, from lying lips, form a deceitful tongue.” Inference is on seeking truth.

2. “Too long have I had my dwelling among those who hate peace. I am for peace, but they are for war.” Inference is on peace, but the environment may be bigger than the person seeking peace.

Psalm 121, My Help Comes from the Lord
1. “My help comes from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.” Inference is on wisdom of knowing what is “big” and what is “little” and we are all little.

2. “. . . he who keeps you will not slumber.” This is further inference that we are so weak and must sleep; whereas, the Lord never sleeps.

Psalm 122, Let Us Go to the House of the Lord
1. “Let us go to the house of the Lord.” Inference is made on giving thanks to the name of the Lord and there is no better place than the house of the Lord.

2. “I will seek your good.” Inference to go where the word of the Lord resides and be fed the statutes for goodness and righteousness is a good decision.

Psalm 123, Our Eyes Look to the Lord Our God
1. “Our soul has had more than enough of the scorn of those who are at ease, of the contempt of the proud.” Inference has insight of uselessness of contempt versus righteousness and humility.

Psalm 124, Our Help Is in the Name of the Lord
1. “Our help is in the name of the Lord.” Inference harkens back to the Red Sea crossing (vs. 2-5).

Psalm 125, The Lord Surrounds His People
1. “Do good, O Lord, to those who are good, and to those who are upright in their hearts.” Inference recognizes righteousness of the heart.

Psalm 126, Restore Our Fortunes, O Lord
1. “When the Lord restored the fortunes of Zion, we were like those who dream. Then our mouth was filled with laughter, and our tongue with shouts of joy. . . . ” Inference is on joy in placing trust and faith in the Lord.

2. “He who goes out weeping and bearing the seed for sowing, shall come home bringing his sheaves with him.” Inference is on diligence and perseverance being rewarded.

Psalm 127, Unless the Lord Builds the House
1. “Unless the Lord builds the house, those who build it labor in vain. Unless the Lord watches over the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.” Inference is that the Lord must be first.

2. “Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb a reward. . . . Blessed is the man who fills his quiver with them!” Inference is that the legacy of the Lord must be rooted in blessings from the Lord from generation to generation.

Psalm 128, Blessed Is Everyone Who Fears the Lord
1. “Blessed is everyone who fears the Lord, who walks in his ways!” Inference on fear zeroes in on gaining wisdom.

2. “May you see your children’s children.” Inference depicts fear of the Lord and walking in his ways pays off across generations.

Psalm 129, They Have Afflicted Me from My Youth
1. “The Lord is righteous; he has cut the cords of the wicked.” Inference suggests the wicked wither before they are grown.

Week #81; Wed, Jul 17: Psalm 130–150

Week #81; Wed, Jul 17: Psalm 130:1–150:6

1. Key verses generally infer a lot more than what is written elsewhere in Scripture. Inferences are noted at the related bullets below.

2. Please post comments for additional inferences that come to mind for key verses or others that pertain.


Psalm 130, My Soul Waits for the Lord
1. “Let your ears be attentive to the voice of my pleas for mercy!

  • Inference: The grace of the Lord is sufficient for forgiveness of all iniquities.

2. “I wait for the Lord, my soul waits, and in his word I hope . . .”

  • Inference: There is more to life than just earthly life and full assurance that the Lord will deliver salvation and redemption for both individuals and Israel.

Psalm 131, I Have Calmed and Quieted My Soul
1. “But I have calmed and quieted my soul, like a weaned child with its mother; like a weaned child is my soul within me.”

  • Inference: There is a calmness in knowing the Lord will deliver the soul forevermore as only he can.

Psalm 132, The Lord Has Chosen Zion
1. David said, “I will not enter my house or get into my bed, I will not give sleep to my eyes or slumber to my eyelids, until I find a place for the Lord, a dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob.”

  • Inference: There is high desire by David to support the establishment of a dwelling place for the Lord.

2. “The Lord swore to David a sure oath from which he will not turn back: ‘One of the sons of your body I will set on your throne.'”

  • Inference: The Lord’s oath to David is an assurance that the Lord will overcome any and all obstacles that are opposed to his will; his oath will not be dismissed.

3. “For the Lord has chosen Zion; he has desired it for his dwelling place: ‘This is my resting place forever; here I will dwell, for I have desired it.'”

  • Inference: Zion carries on beyond the current earth into eternity.

4. “There I will make a horn to sprout for David; I have prepared a lamp for my anointed.”

  • Inference: “Horn” and “lamp” point to Jesus (Luke 1:69).

Psalm 133, When Brothers Dwell in Unity
1. “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell in unity!”

  • Inference: “Unity” pertains to collectively enabling the will of the Lord.

2. “. . . the mountains of Zion! For there the Lord has commanded the blessing, life forevermore.”

  • Inference: “Zion” is forevermore.

Psalm 134, Come, Bless the Lord
1. “May the Lord bless you from Zion, he who made heavens and earth!”

  • Inference: “Zion” is the source of prosperity of Jerusalem.

Psalm 135, Your Name, O Lord, Endures Forever
1. “For I know that the Lord is great, and that our Lord is above all gods.”

  • Inference: “Above” is used to describe the unsurmountable. Terms like omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient, omnidirectional, and omni-righteous come to mind.

2. “Your name, O Lord, endures forever, you renown, O Lord, throughout all ages.”

  • Inference: “Endures forever” is tied to “Whatever the Lord pleases, he does, in heaven and on earth, in the seas and all the deeps.”

3. “For the Lord will vindicate his people and have compassion on his servants.”

  • Inference: As the Lord chose Jacob and Israel for himself for his own possession, so it is that he has chosen his saints before the foundation of the earth.

4. “You who fear the Lord, bless the Lord!”

  • Inference: So it is also that we who fear the Lord, bless and praise him.

Psalm 136, His Steadfast Love Endures Forever
1. “Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever.”

  • Inference: “. . . to him who alone does great wonders . . .” attributes all things to him then and now.

2. “. . . made the heavens, spread out the earth above the waters, made the great lights, sun, moon, and stars, who struck down the firstborn of Egypt, brought Israel out from among them, divided the Red Sea, made Israel pass through the midst of it, overthrew Pharaoh, led the people through the wilderness, struck down great kings, and gave the land as a heritage to Israel his servant, . . .”

  • Inference: “It is he who remembered us in our low estate . . . Give thanks to the God of heaven, . . . ”  Therefore, whatever earthly condition we experience, he will remember us.

Psalm 137, How Shall We Sing the Lord’s Song?
1. “By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion.”

  • Inference: Even in captivity in exile in Babylon, Zion was always remembered but singing was not doable in a foreign land under the torment by their captors.

Psalm 138, Give Thanks to the Lord
1. “. . . I bow down toward your holy temple and give thanks to your name for your steadfast love and your faithfulness, for you have exalted above all things your name and your word.”

  • Inference: Remembrance in singing praise to the Lord brings increase to both soul and strength.

2. “All the kings of the earth shall give you thanks, O Lord, for they have heard the words of your mouth, and they shall sing of the ways of the Lord.”

  • Inference: The Lord is all knowing and will preserve his people, fulfilling his purpose; but will stretch out his hand against the wrath of their enemies.

Psalm 139, Search Me, O God, and Know My Heart
1. “O Lord, you have searched me and known me! You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thought from afar.”

  • Inference: David assures us that the Lord knows what we are doing all the time. He knows when we sit or lie down, words on our tongue, and there is nowhere we can hide. We cannot attain the knowledge of the Lord. Our days are numbered in the Lord’s book. David seeks to be led in the way everlasting!

Psalm 140, Deliver Me, O Lord, from Evil Men
1. “Deliver me, O Lord, from evil men; preserve me from violent men, who plan evil things in their heart and stir up wars continually.”

  • Inference: David seeks freedom from violence and wickedness. He exalts the Lord, not evildoers.

2. “Surely the righteous shall give thanks to your name; the upright shall dwell in your presence.”

  • Inference: David is confident that the Lord will maintain the cause of the afflicted and execute justice.

Psalm 141, Give Ear to My Voice
1. “Give ear to my voice when I call to you! Let my prayer be counted as incense before you, and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice!”

  • Inference: David seeks good and not evil. His prayer is continually against evil deeds.

Psalm 142, You Are My Refuge
1. “With my voice I cry out to the Lord; with my voice I plead for mercy to the Lord.”

  • Inference: The setting is while David was in the cave fleeing from Saul. He says, “You are my refuge, my portion in the land of the living.” and “Deliver me from my persecutors, for they are too strong for me!”

Psalm 143, My soul Thirsts for You
1. “I remember the days of old; I meditate on all that you have done; I ponder the work of your hands. I stretch out my hands to you; my soul thirsts for you like a parched land.”

  • Inference: David humbles himself saying “I am your servant.”

2. “Make me know the way I should go, for to you I lift up my soul.”

  • Inference: David prays for the Lord to teach him to do his will and preserve his life.

Psalm 144, My Rock and My Fortress
1. “Blessed be the Lord, my rock, who trains my hands for war, and my fingers for battle; he is my steadfast love and my fortress, my stronghold and my deliverer, my shield and he in whom I take refuge, who subdues peoples under me.”

  • Inference: David says, “Man is like a breath; his days are like a passing shadow.” and he recognizes that without the Lord, he is nothing. He calls on the Lord to perform victorious events that he might be delivered from his enemies.

Psalm 145, Great Is the Lord
1. This psalm is an acrostic poem, each verse beginning with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet.

2. “I will extol you, my God and King, and bless your name forever and ever.”

  • Inference: Blessing the Lord in this life extends to eternity where blessing continues to flow upward to the Lord.

3. “The Lord is gracious and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. The Lord is good to all, and his mercy is over all that he has made.”

  • Inference: The Lord is merciful to all, which gives hope to all if we will only seek it and claim it.

4. “All your works shall give thanks to you, O Lord, and all your saints shall bless you!”

  • Inference: The Lord’s works are his witness to his might. His mark is on every scene and event.

5. “Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and your dominion endures throughout all generations.”

  • Inference: All other kingdoms will fall while the kingdom of the Lord endures forever.

Psalm 146, Put Not Your Trust in Princes
1. “Put not your trust in princes, in a son of man, in whom there is no salvation. When his breath departs, he returns to the earth; on that very day his plans perish.”

  • Inference: The being of a person is temporary, but the reign of the Lord is forever, to all generations. “Praise the Lord!”

Psalm 147, He Heals the Brokenhearted
1. “He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds.”

  • Inference: The parable of the Good Samaritan pertains (Luke 10:25-37)

2. “He determines the number of the stars; he gives to all of them their names. Great is our Lord and abundant in power; his understanding is beyond measure.

  • Inference: The Lord is really, really big.

3. “. . . the Lord takes pleasure in those who fear him, in those who hope in his steadfast love.”

  • Inference: Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom (Proverbs 9:10)

Psalm 148, Praise the Name of the Lord
1. “Let them praise the name of the Lord! For he commanded and they were created. And he established them forever and ever; he gave a decree, and it shall not pass away.”

  • Inference: The name of the Lord alone is exalted; his majesty is above earth and heaven. He has raised up a horn for his people, praise for all his saints, for the people of Israel who are near him. “Horn” is Jesus (Isaiah 60:18-20).

Psalm 149, Sing to the Lord a New Song
1. “Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise in the assembly of the Godly.”

  • Inference: Dancing, melody with tambourine, and lyre are called on for making pleasure to the Lord who adorns the humble with salvation and the two-edge sword to execute judgment on the nations and punishments on the peoples.

Psalm 150, Let Everything Praise the Lord
1. “Let everything that has breath praise the Lord!”

  • Inference: David calls for trumpets, lute, harp, tambourine, dance, strings, pipes, and cymbals to be used to praise the Lord.

Week #82; Wed, Jul 24: Proverbs 1-11

Week #82; Wed, July 24: Proverbs 1:1-11:31

1. Unlimited inferences appear to subtend from the flower of wisdom and the absence of it.

2. Proverbs is loaded with pointed examples of what is wise and what is an abomination.

3. Key examples are spotlighted for illustration; many more are among the Proverbs covered here.

Proverbs 1, The Beginning of Knowledge
1. “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.”

  • Inference: Solomon prayed for wisdom; he got so much more (1 Kings 3:5-15).

2. “My son, if sinners entice you, do not consent.”

  • Inference: “. . . my son, do not walk in the way with them; hold back your foot from their paths, for their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed blood . . . Such are the ways of everyone who is greedy for unjust gain; it takes away the life of its possessors.”

3. “Wisdom cries aloud in the street, in the markets she raises her voice; at the head of the noisy streets she cries out; at the entrance of the city gates she speaks . . . ”

  • Inference: “. . . whoever listens to me will dwell secure and will be at ease, without dread of disaster.”

Proverbs 2, The Value of Wisdom
1. “My son, if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you, making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding . . . then you will understand the fear of the Lord and find the knowledge of God.”

  • Inference: “So you will walk in the way of the good and keep to the paths of the righteous.”

Proverbs 3, Trust in the Lord with All Your Heart
1. “Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths.”

  • Inference: “Be not wise in your own eyes; fear the Lord, and turn away from evil.”

2. “My son, do not despise the Lord’s discipline or be weary of his reproof, for the Lord reproves him whom he loves, as a father the son in whom he delights.”

  • Inference: The absence of reproof indicates a lack of a fathers love.

3. “Blessed is the one who finds wisdom, and the one who gets understanding, for the gain from her is better than gain from silver and her profit better thank gold.

  • Inference: “She is a tree of life to those who lay hold of her; those who hold her fast are called blessed.”
  • Inference: “The wise will inherit honor, but fools get disgrace.”

Proverbs 4, A Father’s Wise Instruction
1. “Hear, O sons, a father’s instruction, and be attentive, that you may gain insight, for I give you good precepts; do not forsake my teaching.”

  • Inference: “. . . the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, which shines brighter and brighter until full day.”
  • Inference: “Put away from you crooked speech, and put devious talk far from you.”
  • Inference: “Do not swerve to the right or to the left; turn your foot away from evil.”

Proverbs 5, Warning Against Adultry
1. “My son, be attentive to my wisdom; incline your ear to my understanding, that you may keep discretion, and your lips may guard knowledge.”

  • Inference: Otherwise, the term “worm-wood” carries the negative context of the consequences (The Screwtape Letters by C. S. Lewis pertains)

2. “And now, O sons, listen to me, and do not depart from the words of my mouth.”

  • Inference: “. . . a forbidden woman” should be kept at a distance; “. . . do not go near the door of her house . . . rejoice in the wife of your youth . . .”
  • Inference: “For a man’s ways are before the eyes of the Lord, and he ponders all his paths.”

Proverbs 6, Practical Warnings
1. There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: 1) haughty eyes, 2) a lying tongue, 3) hands that shed innocent blood, 4) a heart that devises wicked plans, 5) feet that make haste to run to evil, 6) a false witness who breathes out lies, and 7) one who sows discord among brothers.”

  • Inference: The tight focus on adultery concludes Proverb 6 where stress is placed on keeping “your father’s commandments, and forsake not your mother’s teaching.”

2. “For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life . . .”

  • Inference: “He who commits adultery lacks sense; he who does it destroys himself.”

Proverbs 7, Warnings Against the Adulteress
1. “My son, keep my words and treasure up my commandments with you; keep my commandments and live; keep my teaching as the apple of your eye; bind them on your fingers; write them on the tablet of your heart.”

  • Inference: More focus on adultery in Proverb 7 reveals it is “. . . the way to Sheol, going down to the chambers of death.”

Proverbs 8, The Blessing of Wisdom
1. When wisdom calls, it speaks “noble things, and from my lips will come what is right, for my mouth will utter truth; wickedness is an abomination to my lips.”

  • Inference: “. . . blessed are those who keep my ways . . . Blessed is the one who listens to me . . .”

Proverbs 9, The Way of Wisdom
1. “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight. For by me your days will be multiplied and years will be added to your life.”

  • “If you are wise, you are wise for yourself; if you scoff, you alone will bear it.”

Proverbs 10, The Proverbs of Solomon
1. “The memory of the righteous is a blessing, but the name of the wicked will rot.”

  • Inference: “The wise of heart will receive commandments, but a babbling fool will come to ruin.”
  • Inference: “Whoever walks in integrity walks securely, but he who makes his ways crooked will be found out.”

2. “The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life, but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.”

  • Inference: “When words are many, transgression is not lacking, but whoever restrains his lips is prudent.”
  • Inference: “The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom, but the perverse tongue will be cut off.”

Proverbs 11, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A false balance is an abomination to the Lord, but a just weight is his delight.”

  • Inference: “The righteous is delivered from trouble, and the wicked walks into it instead.”

2. “Whoever captures souls is wise.”

  • Inference: However, pride, crookedness, riches, wickedness, treacherousness, wickedness, godlessness, slandering, misguidance, violence, evil, and the cursed are abominations to the Lord.


Week #83; Wed, July 31: Proverbs 12-21

Week #83; Wed, July 31: Proverbs 12:1-21:31


1. Unlimited inferences appear to grow from insights in other places in the current chapter or from other places in the Bible.

2. Proverbs is loaded with pointed examples of what is wise and what is an abomination.

3. Key examples are spotlighted for illustration; many more are among the Proverbs covered here.

Proverbs 12, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, but he who hates reproof is stupid.” (12:1)

  • Inference: “How I hated discipline, and my heart despised reproof! I did not listen to the voice of my teachers or incline my ear to my instructors. I am at the brink of utter ruin . . .” (5:12-13)
  • Inference: “There is severe discipline for him who forsakes the way; whoever hates reproof will die.” (15:10)
  • Inference: “For he sees that even the wise die; the fool and the stupid alike must perish and leave their wealth to others.” (Ps. 49:10)

2. “An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.” (12:4)

  • Inference: “An excellent wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels.” (31:10)

3. “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits lacks sense.” (12:11)

  • Inference: “Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, he who is crooked in his ways will suddenly fall.” (28:18)
  • Inference: “. . . the work of a man’s hand comes back to him.” (12:14)
  • Inference: “The hand of the diligent will rule, while the slothful will be put to forced labor.” (12:24)

4. “Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who act faithful are his delight.” (12:22)

  • Inference: “Outside are the dogs and sorcerers and the sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.” (Rev. 22:15)
  • Inference: “There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil, a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers.” (6:16-17)
  • Inference: “Those of crooked heart are an abomination to the Lord, but those of blameless ways are his delight.” (11:20)

Proverbs 13, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life; he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.” (13:3)

  • Inference: “One pretends to be rich, yet has nothing; another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.” (13:7)

2. “The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.” (13:9)

  • Inference: “. . . when his lamp shone upon my head, and by his light I walked through darkness . . . (Job 29:3)
  • Inference: “Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out, and the flame of his fire does not shine. The light is dark in his tent, and his lamp above him is put out.” (Job 18:5)

3. “Wealth gained hastily will dwindle, but whoever gathers little by little will increase it.” (13:11)

  • Inference: “Treasures gained by wickedness do not profit, but righteousness delivers from death.” (10:2)
  • Inference: “The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a fleeting vapor and a snare of death.” (21:6)

4. “Whoever despises the word brings destruction on himself, but he who reveres the commandment will be rewarded.” (13:13)

  • Inference: “Whoever gives thought to the word will discover good, and blessed is he who trusts in the Lord.” (16:20)
  • Inference: “A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a faithful envoy brings healing.” (13:17)

Proverbs 14, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “The wisest of women builds her house, but folly with her own hands tears it down.” (14:1)

  • Inference: “Then all the people who were at the gate and the elders said, ‘We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman, who is coming into your house, like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you act worthily in Ephrathah and be renowned in Bethlehem, and may your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, because of the offspring that the Lord will give you by this young woman.’” (Ruth 4:11-12)

2. “The wisdom of the prudent is to discern his way, but the folly of fools is deceiving.” (14:8)

  • Inference: “One who is wise is cautious and turns away from evil, but a fool is reckless and careless.” (13:16)

3. “The house of the wicked will be destroyed, but the tent of the upright will flourish.” (14:11)

  • Inference: “The Lord’s curse is on the house of the wicked, but he blesses the dwelling of the righteous.” (3:33)

4. “The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.” (14:27)

  • Inference: “The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.” (13:14)

5. “Whoever is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a hasty temper exalts folly.” (14:29)

  • Inference: “Whoever is slow to anger is better than the mighty, and he who rules his spirit than he who takes a city.” (16:32)

6. “Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people.” (14:34)

  • Inference: Still true!

Proverbs 15, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A soft answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.” (15:1)

  • Inference: “With patience a ruler may be persuaded, and a soft tongue will break a bone.” (25:15)
  • Inference: “A gentle tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it breaks the spirit.” (15:4)

2. “The eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.” (15:3)

  • Inference: “Does not he see my ways and number all my steps? (Job 31:4)

3. “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord, but the prayer of the upright is acceptable to him.” (15:8)

  • Inference: “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination; how much more when he brings it with evil intent. (21:27)

4. “There is severe discipline for him who forsakes the way; whoever hates reproof will die.” (15:10)

  • Inference: “Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint. (Isa. 1:5)

5. “Better is a dinner of herbs where love is than a fattened ox and hatred with it.” (15:17)

  • Inference: “Better is a dry morsel with quiet than a house full of feasting with strife. (17:1)

6. “The way of a sluggard is like a hedge of thorns, but the path of the upright is a level highway.” (15:19)

  • Inference: “But my people have forgotten me; they make offerings to false gods; they made them stumble in their ways, in the ancient roads, and to walk into side roads, not the highway, making their land a horror, a thing to be hissed at forever. Everyone who passes by it is horrified and shakes his head.” (Jer. 18:15)

7. “The Lord is far from the wicked, but he hears the prayers of the righteous.” (15:29)

  • Inference: “The Lord is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth. He fulfills the desire of those who fear him; he also hears their cry and saves them. (Ps. 145:18-19)

Proverbs 16, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the Lord weights the spirit.” (16:2)

  • Inference: “Every way of a man is right in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the heart.” (21:2)

2. “By steadfast love and faithfulness iniquity is atoned for, and by the fear of the Lord one turns away from evil.” (16:6)

  • Inference: Therefore, O king (Nebuchadnezzar), let my (Daniel) counsel be acceptable to you: break off your sins by practicing righteousness, and your iniquities by showing mercy to the oppressed, that there may perhaps be a lengthening of your prosperity.” (Dan. 4:27)

3. “The highway of the upright turns aside from evil; whoever guards his way preserves his life.” (16:17)

  • Inference: “My brothers, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone brings him back, let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.” (Jam. 5:19-20)

4. “Whoever gives thought to the word will discover good, and blessed is he who trusts in the Lord.” (16:20)

  • Inference: “Whoever gets sense loves his own soul; he who keeps understanding will discover good.” (19:8)

5. “Gracious words are like a honeycomb, sweetness to the soul and health to the body.” (16:24)

  • Inference: “The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord, but gracious words are pure.” (15:26)

6. “Gray hair is a crown of glory; it is gained in a righteous life.” (16:31)

  • Inference: “Grandchildren are the crown of the aged, and the glory of children is their fathers.” (17:6)

Proverbs 17, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “An evildoer listens to wicked lips, and a liar gives ear to a mischievous tongue.” (17:4)

  • Inference: “The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold, and the Lord gets hearts.” (17:3)

2. “Whoever covers an offense seeks love, but he who repeats a matter separates close friends.” (17:9)

  • Inference: “Hated stirs up strife, but love covers all offenses.” (10:12)

3. “If anyone returns evil for good, evil will not depart from his house.” (17:20)

  • Inference: “Those of crooked heart are an abomination to the Lord, but those of blameless ways are his delight.” (11:20)

4. “The discerning sets his face toward wisdom, but the eyes of a fool are on the ends of the earth.” (17:24)

  • Inference: “A scoffer seeks wisdom in vain, but knowledge is easy for a man of understanding.” (14:6)

5. “Whoever restrains his words has knowledge, and he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.” (17:27)

  • Inference: “When words are many, transgression is not lacking, but whoever restrains his lips is prudent.” (10:19)

Proverbs 18, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “A fool takes no measure in understanding, but only in expressing his opinion.” (18:2)

  • Inference: “In everything the prudent acts with knowledge, but a fool flaunts his folly.” (13:16)

2. “When wickedness comes, contempt comes also and with dishonor comes disgrace.” (18:3)

  • Inference: “Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.” (16:18)

3. “The name of the Lord is a strong tower; the righteous man runs into it and is safe. (18:10)

  • Inference: “The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord. The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, ‘The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.'” (Ex. 34:5-7)

4. “He who finds a wife finds a good thing and obtains favor from the Lord.” (18-22)

  • Inference: “An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.” (12:4)

Proverbs 19, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Better is a poor person who walks in his integrity than one who is crooked in speech and is a fool.” (19:1)

  • Inference: “Whoever walks in uprightness fears the Lord, but he who is devious in his ways despises him.” (14:2)

2. “When a man’s folly brings his way to ruin, his heart rages against the Lord.” (19:3)

  • Inference: “The integrity of the upright guides them, but the crookedness of the treacherous destroys them.” (11:3)

3. “A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will not escape.” (19:5)

  • Inference: “Truthful lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who act faithfully are his delight.” (12:19)

4. “It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury, much less for a slave to rule over princes.” (19:10)

  • Inference: “Fine speech is not becoming to a fool; still less is false speech to a prince.” (17:7)

5. “Good sense makes one slow to anger, and it is his glory to overlook an offense.” (19:11)

  • Inference: “Whoever is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a hasty temper exalts folly.” (14:29)

6. “Whoever is generous to the poor lends to the Lord, and he will repay him for his deed.” (19:17)

  • Inference: “Whoever has a bountiful eye will be blessed, for he shares his bread with the poor.” (22:9)

7. “The fear of the Lord leads to life, and whoever has it rests satisfied; he will not be visited by harm.” (19:23)

  • Inference: “The wage of the righteous leads to life, the gain of the wicked to sin.” (10:16)

Proverbs 20, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.” (20:1)

  • Inference: “Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes? Those who tarry long over wine; those who go to try mixed wine. Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly. In the end it bites like a serpent and stings like an adder. (23:29-32)

2. “The sluggard does not plow in the autumn; he will seek at harvest and have nothing.” (20:4)

  • Inference: “Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep, and an idle person will suffer hunger.” (19:15)

3. “Unequal weights and unequal measures are both alike an abomination to the Lord.” (20:10)

  • Inference: “Unequal weights are an abomination to the Lord, and false scales are not good.” (20:23)

4. “There is gold and abundance of costly stones, but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.” (20:15)

  • Inference: “No mention shall be made of coral or of crystal; the price of wisdom is above pearls.” (Job 28:18)

5. “Do not say, ‘I will repay evil’; wait for the Lord, and he will deliver you.” (20:22)

  • Inference: “Do not say, ‘I will do to him as he has done to me; I will pay the man back for what he has done.'” (24:29)

Proverbs 21, The Proverbs of Solomon (cont.)
1. “Every way of a man is right in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the heart.” (21:2)

  • Inference: “All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the spirit” (16:2)

2. “Haughty eyes and a proud heart, the lamp of the wicked, are sin.” (21:4)

  • Inference: “Whoever slanders his neighbor secretly I will destroy. Whoever has a haughty look and an arrogant heart I will not endure. (Ps. 101:5)

3. “When a scoffer is punished, the simple becomes wise; when a wise man is instructed, he gains knowledge.” (21:11)

  • Inference: “Strike a scoffer, and the simple will learn prudence; reprove a man of understanding, and he will gain knowledge.” (19:25)

4. “Whoever closes his ear to the cry of the poor will himself call out and not be answered.” (21:13)

  • Inference: “For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.” (James 2:13)

5. “The horse is made ready for the day of battle, but the victor belongs to the Lord.” (21:31)

  • Inference: “Truly the hills are a delusion, the orgies on the mountains. Truly in the Lord our God is the salvation of Israel.” (Jer. 3:23)