Week #78; Wed, Jun 26: Psalm 81:1-100:5

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:

1. This weeks posting contains the work of Asaph and the Korahites.

2. Asaph, the Korahites, and the Ezrahites were appointed to temple singing and music and possibly wrote psalms or transcribed them for others like David or Solomon.

3. As you read Psalm 91, think “Twin Towers on 9-11-2001” a for an expanded personal perspective.

4. Zion is credited as the city of God, the holy mount in Jerusalem; the Most High will establish her.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Psalm 81, Oh, That My People Would Listen to Me
1. Asaph beckons people to sing aloud to God, shout for joy to God, raise a song; sound the tambourine, the sweet lyre with the harp and blow the trumpet at the new moon, at the full moon, on our feast day.

2. God’s admonishment is threatened against strange gods among the people or if they bow down to a foreign god; God says, “I am the Lord your God, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.”

3. God says, “. . . my people did not listen to my voice; Israel would not submit to me. So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts, to follow their own counsels.”

4. God was prepared to subdue their enemies and turn his hand against their foes and feed them with the finest of the wheat, and with honey.

Psalm 82, Rescue the Weak and Needy
1. Asaph suggests that God is judging unjustly and shows partiality to the wicked.

2. He pleads for God to give justice to the weak and the fatherless; to maintain the right of the afflicted and destitute, and rescue the weak and needy; to deliver them from the hand of the wicked.

3. He urges God to arise and judge the earth so as to inherit the nations.

Psalm 83, O God, Do Not Keep Silence
1. Asaph asks God to not keep silent as his enemies make an uproar; those that hate you and lay crafty plans against your people and consult together.

2. The enemy say, “Come, let us wipe them out as a nation; let the name of Israel be remembered no more!”

3. The conspirators are Edom, the Ishmaelites, Moab, the Hagarites, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, Philistia, Tyre and Asshur; they are the strong arm children of Lot.

4. He urges God to put them to shame that they may seek your name, O Lord that they may know that you alone, whose name is the Lord, are the Most High over all the earth.

Psalm 84, My Soul Longs for the Courts of the Lord
1. The Sons of Korah record longings for the Lord and his dwelling in song.

2. The writer illustrates that even the sparrow finds a home, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, at your altars, O Lord of hosts.

3. He prays, “Blessed are those who dwell in your house, ever singing your praise!”

4. He concludes saying, “For a day in your courts is better than a thousand elsewhere. I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God than dwell in the tents of wickedness.”

Psalm 85, Revive Us Again
1. The Korahites seek revival and restoration to God for salvation; they ask for his love.

2. They say, “Surely his salvation is near to those who fear him, that glory may dwell in our land.”

Psalm 86, Great Is Your Steadfast Love
1. The Lord is asked to listen “incline your ear” and answer the poor and needy.

2. The plea comes from a godly servant that trusts in the Lord who lifts up his soul for grace.

3. Recognition that all nations the Lord has made shall come and worship before you and shall glorify your name.

4. The plea also includes requests for the Lord to teach his way to enable walking in truth; to avoid ruthless men seeking his life.

5. Thanks to the Lord is given for his steadfast love and for delivery of souls from the depths of Sheol.

6. Praise and glory is promised for the Lord’s slowness to anger and steadfast love and faithfulness.

Psalm 87, Glorious Things of You Are Spoken
1. The Korahites sing of Zion, the holy mount and the city of God.

2. The Most High himself will establish her; the Lord himself records as he registers the peoples.

Psalm 88, I Cry Out Day and Night Before You
1. This song of Korah and Heman (an Ezrahite) pleads for the Lord to hear their prayer; “incline your ear to my cry!”

2. As a confession, this song recognizes that their soul is in trouble and is drawing near to Sheol.

3. They are like those who remember the Lord no more and are cut off from his hand.

4. Concerns about beyond the grave are expressed in questions like, “Do you work wonders for the dead? Do the departed rise up to praise you? Is your steadfast love declared in the grave. or your faithfulness in Abandon?”

5. It appears to me that all pleas to the Lord need to be done as an “air-breathing, heart-beating soul” before we go. Today the phrase in the hymn “Amazing Grace” about “the hour I first believed” pertains.

Psalm 89, I Will Sing of the Steadfast Love of the Lord
1. Ethan, the Ezrahite, sings of the steadfast love of the Lord forever to make known his steadfast love to all generations.

2. The word “covenant” in verses 3, 28, 34, and 39 tie to 1 Kings 8:16 that holds the Lord to his word regarding David being his servant for all generations.

3. Ethan is falling back to the promise the Lord made with David as a bridge to his current situation and all offspring forever, a throne for all generations.

4. Ethan confidently uses the heavens as evidence of the wonders of the Lord and of his faithfulness in the assembly of the holy ones! (the terms chosen, elect, and predestined pertain)

5. Ethan refers to the awesomeness of the Lord with his control of the raging waves, marking north and south, and his mighty arm and strong right hand.

6. He says, “Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne; steadfast love and faithfulness go before you.”

7. David is highlighted as the Lord’s chosen servant, anointed with holy oil to be established forever and to be strengthened by his arm.

8. But, Ethan resigns that the pain the children of Israel are experiencing is because the Lord has exalted the right hand of his foes and have made all his enemies rejoice.

9. Ethan says, “Lord, where is your steadfast love of old which by your faithfulness you swore to David?”

Psalm 90, From Everlasting to Everlasting (Beginning of Book 4 of 5 of Psalms)
1. Moses’ words reaffirm that the Lord, has been our dwelling place in all generations before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

2. Even when we are brought to an end by the Lord’s anger and by his wrath we are dismayed; the Lord has set our iniquities before him and our secret sins are brought in the light of his presence.

3. Moses contends, “The years of our life are seventy, or even by reason of strength eighty; yet their span is but toil and trouble; they are soon gone, and we fly away. Who considers the power of your anger, and your wrath according to the fear of you?”

4. Moses concludes, “So teach us to number our days that we may get a heart of wisdom.”

5. He adds, “Make us glad for as many days as you have afflicted us and for as man years as we have seen evil.”

Psalm 91, My Refuge and My Fortress (9-11 pertains)
1. Reading this Psalm with consciousness of the 9-11-2001 Twin Towers tragedy is helpful in empathizing with those of his day when they were told not to fear the terror of the night and the arrows that fly by day, nor the pestilence that stalks in darkness, nor the destruction that wastes at noonday.”

2. Moses recounts to the Lord that he is, “My refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust.”

3. Moses perceives that the Lord will hold fast to him in love, and he will deliver him; he will protect him, because he knows his name.

4. The Lord will satisfy Moses with long life, and satisfy him, and show him his salvation.

Psalm 92, How Great Are Your Works
1. A song for the Sabbath to sing praises to the Lord Most High and declare the steadfast love of the Lord in the morning and the faithfulness of the Lord by night with the lute, harp, and lyre.

2. In this song, “The greatness of the works of the Lord are praised; the thoughts of the Lord are very deep!”

3. Like this, “The stupid man cannot know; the fool cannot understand this: that though the wicked sprout like grass and all evildoers flourish, they are domed to destruction forever; but you, O Lord, are on high forever.”

4. But, “The righteous flourish like the palm tree and grow like a cedar in Lebanon. They are planted in the house of the Lord; they flourish in the courts of our God.”

5. In summary to the Lord, “There is no unrighteousness in him.”

Psalm 93, The Lord Reigns
1. The song says, “The Lord is “Mightier than the thunders of many waters, mightier than the waves of the sea, the Lord on high is mighty!”

2. And, “His decrees are very trustworthy; holiness befits your house, O Lord, forevermore.”

Psalm 94, The Lord Will Not Forsake His People
1. This song says, “O Lord, God of vengeance, shine forth! Rise up, O judge of the earth; repay to the proud what they deserve!”

2. It says, “The Lord knows the thoughts of man, that they are but a breath.”

3. It confirms, “Justice will return to the righteous, and all the upright in heart will follow it.”

4. It concludes, “The Lord has become my stronghold, and my God the rock of my refuge. He will bring back on them their iniquity and wipe them out for their wickedness; the Lord of our God will wipe them out.”

Psalm 95, Let Us Sing Songs of Praise
1. A song of praise to the Lord with joy and thanksgiving for the Lord is a great God, knowing the depths of the earth; the heights of the mountains, the sea is his, and his hand formed the dry land.

2. And, “. . . we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.”

3. Even though, “. . . in the wilderness, after seeing my work, those at Massah tested the Lord for proof.”

4. It concludes with the Lord saying, “For forty years I loathed that generation and said, “They are a people who go astray in their heart, and they have not known my ways.” and “They shall not enter my rest.”

Psalm 96, Worship in the Splendor of Holiness
1. A song to declare the glory of the Lord among the nations and his marvelous works among all the peoples!

2. The Lord is to be feared above all gods; for all the gods of the peoples are worthless idols, but the Lord made the heavens.”

3. His people should, “Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name; bring an offering, and come into his courts! Worship the Lord in the splendor of holiness; tremble before him, all the earth!”

4. It concludes saying, “The Lord will judge the peoples with equity.”

Psalm 97, The Lord Reigns
1. This song addresses, clouds, fire and lightnings of the Lord encouraging the peoples to rejoice and be glad while seeing and trembling.

2. Focus is on the need for the people saying, “O you who love the Lord, hate evil! He preserves the lives of his saints; he delivers them from the hand of the wicked.

3. So, “Rejoice in the Lord, O you righteous, and give thanks to his holy name.”

Psalm 98, Make a Joyful Noise to the Lord
1. This song is a new song of the marvelous things of the Lord.

2. A joyful noise should be made to the Lord because, “His right hand and his holy arm have worked salvation for him.”

3. And, “The Lord has made known his salvation; he has revealed his righteousness in the sight of the nations.”

4. Finally, “Let the sea roar, and all that fills it; the world and those who dwell in it! Let the rivers clap their hands; let the hills sing for joy together before the Lord, for he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with equity.”

Psalm 99, The Lord Our God Is Holy
1. Tremble is a key word in this song.

2. The reign of the Lord exalts him in Zion and over all the peoples.

3. Praise is due his great and awesome name; Holy is he.

4. The King loves justice; worship at his footstool.

5. Moses and Aaron were among his priests, Samuel called on his name and the Lord answered them.

6. In the pillar of the cloud he spoke to them; they kept his testimonies and the statute that he gave them.

7. Therefore, this song is to, “Exalt the Lord our God, and worship at his holy mountain; for the Lord our God is holy!”

Psalm 100, His Steadfast Love Endures Forever
1. This song is for thanks for knowing that, “the Lord, he is God! It is he who made us, and we are his; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.

2. So, “Enter his gates with thanksgiving, and his courts with praise! Give thanks to him; bless his name! For the Lord is good; his steadfast love endures forever, and his faithfulness to all generations.”

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