Week #75; Wed, Jun 05: Psalm 34:1-49:20
1. Psalms has five sections (1-41, 42-72, 73-89, 90-106, and 107-150) that each close with a doxology.
2. Psalm 34 pertains to the time of 1 Samuel 21 that records David taking the holy bread, his flight to Gath with the sword of Goliath, and pretending to be mad when arriving at Gath. It is another acrostic poem that uses successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet to begin each verse.
3. Psalm 37 draws clear distinction about the rewards for the meek and punishment of evildoers that leaves no room for wiggle.
4. Psalm 38 brings Job 6:4 and 23:4 to mind regarding the wrath of God being against him. But is there more to it? Is another evil element involved?
5. Psalm 40 refers to the “scroll of the book” and about what is written of him pertaining to Luke 24:44 and fulfillment of prophecy.
6. Psalm 41 ends with a doxology that blesses the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting.
Psalm 34, Taste and See That the Lord is Good
1. David pleas with the reader to exalt the Lord together and magnify the Lord with him.
2. He sought the Lord, and He answered him and delivered him from all his fears.
3. The “angel of the Lord” [some read as Jesus in the OT] encamps around those who “fear” and “delivers” them.
4. Taking refuge in the Lord is a blessing; fearing Him results in lacking nothing.
5. To learn to fear the Lord, keep your tongue and lips from evil, turn away from evil, do good, seek peace and pursue it.
6. This is the insight, “Affliction will slay the wicked, and those who hate the righteous will be condemned.”
Psalm 35, Great Is The Lord
1. David seeks the Lord to help him fight against those who fight against him.
2. The term “angel of the Lord” is used again when David calls for help to drive away his enemies like chaff before the wind and again when he envisions the way of the enemy as dark and slippery when they are being pursued.
3. David uses the term “soul” to reflect the depth of his communications with the Lord.
4. He portrays how his enemies have dug a pit and hid their net “without cause” to ensnare him.
5. His enemies repay him evil for good even though he prayed, fasted and wore sackcloth when they were sick.
6. David declares, “Great is the Lord” who delights in the welfare of his servant!” and he promises to praise Him all the day long.
Psalm 36, How Precious Is Your Steadfast Love
1. David asserts that wicked transgressors have no fear of God, they cease to act wisely and do good.
2. But, the righteous man and beast, you save, “O Lord . . . how precious is your steadfast love O God.”
3. David announces, “For with you is the fountain of life; in your light do we see light.”
Psalm 37, He Will Not Forsake His Saints
1. David says to, “Fret not . . . be not envious of wrongdoers! For they will soon fade like the grass and wither like the green herb!”
2. He exclaims, “Trust in the Lord and do good, . . . Delight yourself in the Lord, . . . Commit your way to the Lord, . . . and Be still before the Lord and wait patiently for him.”
3. Three verses pertain to the reward for the meek: “verse 9 . . . those who wait for the Lord shall inherit the land, verse 11 . . . the meek shall inherit the land and delight themselves in abundant peace, and verse 29 . . . the righteous shall inherit the land and dwell upon it forever.”
4. David asserts, “The Lord laughs at the wicked, for he sees that his day is coming.”
5. David meditates in his heart that, “The Lord loves justice; he will not forsake his saints. . . . The law of his God is in his heart; his steps do not slip.”
6. David says, “The salvation of the righteous is from the Lord (Saved by grace through faith per Ephesians 2:8); he is their stronghold in the time of trouble (Psalm 46 pertains).”
Psalm 38, Do Not Forsake Me, O Lord
1. David places all his longings before the Lord as he is ready to fall when his pain is ever before him, yet he says, “I confess my iniquity; I am sorry for my sin.”
2. David pleads for the Lord to not forsake him and make haste to help him; he reaffirms that the Lord is his salvation!
Psalm 39, What Is the Measure of My Days?
1. David seeks to know the number of his days and to know his end while knowing that man is a mere breath.
2. He says, “Man heaps up wealth and knows not who will gather it.”
3. David pleads for the Lord to, “Deliver him from all his transgressions.”
4. David adds, “For I am a sojourner with you, a guest, like all my fathers.”
Psalm 40, My Help and My Deliverer
1. David explains that the Lord, “heard his cry for help and drew him up from the pit of destruction, out of the miry bog, and set his feet upon a rock, making his steps secure. He put a new song in his mouth, a song of praise to our God.”
2. He distinguishes how blessed is the man who makes the Lord his trust and does not turn to the proud.
3. He says sacrifices and offering are not the delight of the Lord, but it is based on doing the will of God; his law is written in his heart.
4. David says it is written in the scroll of the book of him, “I have told the glad news of deliverance in the great congregation; behold, I have restrained my lips, as you know, O Lord. I have not hidden your deliverance within my heart; I have spoken of your faithfulness and your salvation; I have not concealed your steadfast love and your faithfulness from the great congregation.”
Psalm 41, O Lord, Be Gracious to Me
1. David proclaims that the one who considers the poor is blessed and in his day of trouble the Lord will deliver him.
2. It appears that David does put some reliance on his integrity (like Job), yet in his illness he confesses, “O Lord be gracious to me; heal me, for I have sinned against you!”
3. David also uses the term “repay” in the context of his enemies while seeking healing and being in his presence forever.
Psalm 42, Why Are You Cast Down, O My Soul? [BOOK TWO OF PSALMS ON SONGS OF PRAISE BEGINS]
1. David assigned the Kohathites for the service of songs used in the tabernacle to praise the living God.
2. David shows how, “As a deer pants for flowing streams . . .” is compared to how his soul thirsts for the living God.
3. In this Psalm/song, David reveals how he, “desires to know when he will appear before the living God.”
4. He shows how hope is expressed and praise is promised to God, his salvation.
Psalm 43, Send Out Your Light and Your Truth
1. This song is also for service in the tabernacle to praise the living God and David pleads to be vindicated and receive defense of his cause against an ungodly people, from the deceitful and unjust man.
2. He is specifically seeking God’s light and truth to, “lead him to his holy hill and to his dwelling!”
3. He promises to go to the altar of God with exceeding joy and praise him with the lyre.
Psalm 44, Come to Our Help
1. This song is also for service in the tabernacle to praise the living God and David pleads for help like the deeds God performed in the days of old, driving out nations with his own hand and his arm, not that of the people; God’s right arm and the light of his face saved them.
2. He promises to give thanks to his name forever.
3. But, help is needed because, “. . . we have been made like sheep for slaughter and scattered among the nations.”
4. And, “. . . we are scorned by those around us, a laughingstock among the peoples even though we have not forgotten you, and we have not been false to your covenant, you know the secrets of the heart.”
5. So, he exclaims, “Awake! Why are you sleeping, O Lord? Rouse yourself! Do not reject us forever!”
6. And, he requested, “Redeem us for the sake of your steadfast love!”
Psalm 45, Your Throne, O God, Is Forever
1. Here is a love song addressing verses to the king revealing his splendor and majesty.
2. It toasts to victory in the cause of truth, meekness, and righteousness, to recognize the throne of God forever and ever, with a scepter of uprightness.
3. It promises to cause the Lord’s name to be remembered in all generations; so that nations will praise him forever and ever.
Psalm 46, God Is Our Fortress
1. Psalm 37 pertains.
2. This song confides in the refuge and strength of the Lord, a present help in trouble.
3. Therefore fear is dismissed even during earthquakes and floods, when concentrating only on the holy habitation of the Most High God.
4. Knowing this, “When nations rage and kingdoms totter, the earth melts at the utterance of his voice,” confirming that “The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress.”
Psalm 47, God Is King over All the Earth
1. This song instructs that, “We are to clap our hands and shout to God with loud songs of joy!”
2. It also informs that, “The Lord, the Most High, is to be feared, a great king over all the earth.”
3. And it conveys that, “. . . the shields of the earth belong to God; he is highly exalted!”
Psalm 48, Zion, the City of Our God
1. Mount Zion is the focus of this song, indicating that, “Great is the Lord and greatly to be praised.”
2. It says, “His holy mountain is high in elevation and is the joy of all the earth; it is the city of the great King.”
3. And, “. . . tell the next generation that this is God, our God forever and ever.”
4. Beyond death, “He will guide us forever.”
Psalm 49, Why Should I Fear in Times of Trouble?
1. This song is dedicated to wisdom; the meditation of his heart is understanding
2. It is a proverb for the rich and poor alike that is solved by riddle to the music of the lyre.
3. An explanation is given how, “no man can ransom another, or give to God the price of his life, for the ransom of their life is costly and can never suffice, that he should live on forever and never see the pit.”
4. For, “he sees that even the wise die; the fool and the stupid alike must perish and leave their wealth to others.”
5. As for pomp, “Man will not remain; he is like the beasts that perish. This is the path of those who have foolish confidence; yet after them people approve of their boasts.”
6. We are told, “Be not afraid when a man becomes rich, when the glory of his house increases. For when he dies he will carry nothing away; his glory will not go down after him. . . . Man in his pomp yet without understanding is like the beasts that perish.”