Week #69; Wed, Apr 24: Esther 5:1–Job 4:21

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. Esther gained approval of the king to hold a feast for the king and Haman the king’s most honored official.
2. Separately, Haman was highly aggravated at Mordecai because he refused to honor him, so at the urging of his wife and friends, he plotted to have Mordecai hanged.
3. The plot backfires however; Esther pins the destruction of her people on Haman before the king.
4. The king has Haman hung on his own gallows in the place of Mordecai.
5. Mordecai became 2nd in rank to King Ahasuerus and the Jews enacted a reverse edict on their enemies.
6. Job’s character was blameless and upright; he possessed very much and he was the greatest man in all the east.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
Esther 5, Esther Prepares a Banquet and Haman Plans to Hang Mordecai
1. Esther won favor in the sight of the king and he granted her request to let the king and Haman come to a feast that she was preparing for the king; he promised to grant Esther any wish she wanted.
2. Haman’s pride began to swell and he bragged to his wife Zeresh and his friends.
3. But, Haman held out great wrath against Mordecai because he continued to neither rise nor tremble before him as he sat before the king’s gate.
4. Zeresh and all of his friends said to Haman, “Let a gallows fifty cubits high be made, and in the morning tell the king to have Mordecai hanged upon it. Then go joyfully with the king to the feast.”
5. Haman was pleased with the idea and he had the gallows made in front of his house.

Esther 6, The King Honors Mordecai
1. Meanwhile, the king was reminded that Mordecai had uncovered a plot against the king by two of his eunuchs, Bigthana and Teresh, to lay hands on the king.
2. King Ahasuerus then decided to place great honor on Mordecai for his loyalty to the king and he chose Haman to do all the honors.
3. Haman carried out the king’s commands but was brought low by this humbling turn of events; his wife and friends also poured scorn on Haman saying that he would fall before him.

Esther 7, Esther Reveals Haman’s Plot and Haman is Hanged
1. At the feast Esther prepared for the king and Haman, Esther was asked by the king to tell him her wish.
2. When Esther asked the king for relief for her and her people from the plot that Haman was using to destroy all the Jews, the king arose in wrath to the palace gardens.
3. Upon his return, the king sees Haman pleading to Esther and mistakes him for assaulting Esther.
4. Harbona, one of the king’s eunuchs, recommended that Haman’s gallows be used for Haman instead of Mordecai.
5. Haman was hanged on his own gallows that he prepared for Mordecai and the wrath of the king was abated.

Esther 8, Esther Saves the Jews
1. The king gave Esther the house of Haman and she set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
2. The king gave Mordecai his signet ring that he had given to Haman.
3. Esther went to the king and pleaded with him to stop the evil plan of Haman against the Jews.
4. The king told Mordecai to write an edict to enable the Jews to gather and defend themselves, to destroy and kill, to annihilate any armed force of any people or province that might attack them, children and women included, to plunder their goods, on one day throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus.
5. The Jews had gladness and joy in all 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia.

Esther 9, The Jews Destroy Their Enemies and The Feast of Purim Inaugurated
1. On Adar (month) 13 (day) when the king’s edict was about to be carried out, the Jews gathered in their cities throughout the provinces of the king and struck all their enemies with the sword, killing and destroying them, and did as they pleased to those who hated them.
2. A second day was allotted to the Jews when Queen Esther asked the king to grant more time for the Jews to perform the king’s edict; she also requested that Haman’s ten sons be hanged on the gallows.
3. The king agreed to grant Esther and the Jews a second day to act out the edict that Mordecai had distributed.
4. 75,000 were killed in the king’s provinces and 800 were killed in Susa, the citadel of the king.

Esther 10, The Greatness of Mordecai
1. Mordecai was advanced to second in rank to King Ahasuerus; Mordecai became great among the Jews and popular with the multitude of his brothers, for he sought the welfare of his people and spoke peace to all his people.

Job 1, Job’s Character and Wealth, Satan Allowed to Test Job, and Satan Takes Job’s Property and Children
1. Job lived in the land of Uz and was blameless and upright; he feared God and turned away from evil.
2. Job was the greatest man that lived in the east.
3. Job had 7 sons and 3 daughters; he possessed 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen, 500 female donkeys, and very many servants.
4. Job would rise early in the morning and offer burnt offerings on behalf of all of his children in the event that they may have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts; he did this continually.
5. When the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, Satan appeared among them.
6. The Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?”
7. Satan challenged God accusing the Lord of giving Job special protections for Job and his family and possessions.
8. The Lord gave Satan free reign over Job’s household to test his character and wealth; except for Job’s life.
9. Satan smote Job’s children, servants, and livestock, but Job did not sin, he worshiped the Lord saying, “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return. The Lord gave, and Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.”

Job 2, Satan Attacks Job’s Health and Job’s Three Friends
1. Satan was unrelenting; he attacks Job’s health by striking him with loathsome sores from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.
2. Job’s wife told him to curse God and die; however, he rebuked her saying, “Shall we receive good from God, and shall we not receive evil?”
3. Yet, Job did not sin with his lips.
4. But, Job had three friends, Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar who came to show him sympathy and comfort him.

Job 3, Job Laments His Birth
1. Job opened his mouth and cursed the day he was born with much agony and detail.

Job 4, Eliphaz Speaks: The Innocent Prosper
1. Eliphaz responds to Job asking if he has lost his patience because calamity has come.
2. Eliphaz states that Job’s fear of God should be his confidence and his integrity should be his hope.
3. Eliphaz reasons that those who plow iniquity and sow trouble reap the same, suggesting that Job may have brought about his condition upon himself.
4. Eliphaz asks Job, “Can mortal man be in the right before God? Can a man be pure before his Maker?”

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