Week #54; Wed, Jan 09, 2019, 2 Kings 15:1-19:37
1. The extent of the Lord’s touch extends fully to all individuals in detail as illustrated by leprosy given to Azariah for his lifetime, although he did what was right, he did not take away the high places where the people sacrificed and made offerings to other gods (even Moses was stricken with leprosy temporarily).
2. Also, King Zechariah did evil in the sight of the Lord making Israel to sin and he was struck down by Shallum who ruled in his place.
3. Consequences for failure to comply with God’s will, were dispensed by the justice of the Lord.
4. Much turmoil and transition took place in the kingdoms of Judah and Israel; one conspiracy was followed by another.
5. Because the people of Israel had sinned against the Lord, feared other gods, and walked in the customs of other nations, they fell to the Assyria and were exiled from Samaria.
6. Judah under the rule of Hezekiah was faithful to the Lord and was miraculously spared from the hands of the Assyrians.
7. Hezekiah’s prayer of lament brought power from the Lord through deployment of the “angel of the Lord” (note how the Lord states that His current action on behalf of Judah was planned from old what now He brings to pass . . . He knows our sitting down and our going out and coming in . . .).
2 Kings 15, Azariah Reigns in Judah
1. Although Azariah of Judah did what was right, the Lord touched Azariah giving him leprosy for failing to take away the high places where people sacrificed and made offerings to other gods.
2. So also, King Zechariah of Israel was brought to justice by a conspiracy from his son, Shallum, for doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord as his fathers had done and made Israel to sin.
3. Shallum was then struck down by Menahem who reigned and also evil in the sight of the Lord; he exacted 50 shekels of silver from the wealthy men of Israel to pay Pul, the king of Assyria when he came against the land.
4. Pekahiah, son of Menahem, reigned over Israel in Samaria for two years doing what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he was struck down by Pekah, who reigned in his place.
5. Pekah reigned for twenty years in Israel and did evil in the eyes of the Lord; Hoshea conspired against him and struck him down.
6. Jotham began to reign in Judah and he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord; but the high places were not removed so Syria was sent by the Lord against Judah.
2 Kings 16, Ahaz Reigns in Judah
1. Ahaz began to reign in Judah at age 20 for 16 years in Jerusalem; he did not do what was right in the eyes of the Lord (he sacrificed his son as an offering on the high places).
2. Ahaz was besieged by Rezin, king of Syria and Pekah, king of Israel but they could not conquer him.
3. Ahaz sent the king of Assyria silver and gold; Assyria then took Damascus captive and killed Rezin.
4. Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria and discovered the altar that was there.
5. Ahaz constructed a model of the Assyrian altar and sent it to Uriah the priest to replicate.
6. Ahaz performed burnt offerings on the new altar that supplanted the altar in the house of the Lord.
7. Ahaz’s son Hezekiah reigned in his place.
2 Kings 17, The Fall of Israel
1. Hoshea reigned in Samaria over Israel for 9 years doing what was evil in the eyes of the Lord.
2. Hoshea was attacked by Shalmaneser king of Assyria; he paid tribute and became his vassal.
3. Shalmaneser found treachery in Hoshea and shut him up and bound him in prison.
4. Shalmaneser then invaded all the land and came to Samaria, besieging it for three years
5. When Shalmaneser captured Samaria, he carried the Israelites away to Assyria.
6. This occurred because the people of Israel had sinned against the Lord walking in the customs of the other nations doing things that were not right.
7. The people built high places in all cities and set up pillars and Asherim; they made offerings on all the high places and served idols.
8. The Lord warned Israel and Judah to turn from their evil ways and keep his commandments.
9. But Israel would not listen; they made an Asherah and served Baal (they burned their sons and daughters as offerings, used divination and omens, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord).
10. The Lord removed them out of His sight.
11. Only Judah was left, but they too walked in the customs that Israel had introduced.
12 The Lord removed Judah out of His sight too.
13. The king of Assyria brought people and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the people of Israel, but the Lord sent lions among them.
14. The people of Israel would not listen to the Lord and they did according to their former manner.
2 Kings 18, Hezekiah Reigns in Judah
1. Hezekiah, the son of Ahaz began to reign in Judah at age 25 for 29 years in Jerusalem doing what was right in the eyes of the Lord.
2. Hezekiah removed all the high places and broke the pillars and cut down the Asherah.
3. Hezekiah trusted in the Lord keeping His commandments and the Lord was with him.
4. Hezekiah rebelled against the Assyrians and would not serve them; he struck down the Philistines as far as Gaza.
5. Hoshea, king of Israel fought against Assyria for three years but it was taken.
6. Shalmaneser carried the Israelites away to Assyria because they did not obey the voice of the Lord their God.
7. Sennacherib, king of Assyria attacked Judah and took the fortified cities causing Hezekiah to say to him, “I have done wrong; withdraw from me. Whatever you impose on me I will bear.”
8. Sennacherib required 300 talents of silver and 30 talents of gold which Hezekiah gave him.
9. Sennacherib sent his army to Jerusalem taunting them saying that the Lord will not be able to deliver them.
10. The people were silent.
2 Kings 19, Isaiah Reassures Hezekiah
1. Hezekiah appealed to the prophet Isaiah.
2. The Lord told Isaiah that Hezekiah should not be afraid, the Assyrians will be given a spirit, so that they shall hear a rumor and return to their own land and be made to fall on their own sword by their own hand.
3. Hezekiah received another threatening message from Sennacherib but went to the house of the Lord and prayed while sending Eliakim to the prophet Isaiah.
4. Hezekiah laments earnestly before the Lord and Isaiah prophesizes Sennacherib’s fall.
5. That night an angel of the Lord went out and struck down 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians (Ex. 12:23 and 2 Sam. 24:16 also give rise to expanded thought).
6. Sennacherib departed and went home and lived at Nineveh where his sons struck him down and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.