Week #53; Wed, Jan 02, 2019, 2 Kings 9-14

Week #53; Wed, Jan 02, 2019, 2 Kings 9:1-14:29

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. Elisha, the prophet, continues to be and instrument of the Lord, working the will of the Lord on the tribes of Israel and Judah.
2. The word of the Lord carryover between Elijah and Elisha is evident following the death of Jezebel pertaining to the disposition of her remains.
3. The record of the kings of Israel and Judah runs relatively parallel with one another, flipping back and forth as the reign flows between kings and the acts of good or evil impact the people and their relationship with the Lord.
4. The Lord gave the people a “savior” (in the form of a good king) when he saw them suffering at the hands of their enemy.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Kings 9, Jehu is King in Israel
1. Elisha, the prophet, sends a son of a prophet, to Ramoth-gilead to find Jehu and anoint him with oil, saying, “Thus says the Lord, I anoint you king over Israel.”
2. The young man told Jehu that he must strike down the house of Ahab his master and cut off all male, bond and free, to avenge on Jezebel the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the Lord.
3. So, Jehu conspired against King Joram going to Jezreel where the king lay wounded from this battle with Hazael, king of Syria.
4. Ahaziah, king of Judah had come down to visit Joram when Jehu’s company arrived at Jezreel.
5. As Jehu and his company approached, riders were dispatched to determine if Jehu’s intentions were peaceful; the riders were ordered to fall in behind Jehu as he was driving his chariot furiously to Jezreel.
6. Then Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah set out, each in his chariot.
7. When Joram saw Jehu, he said, “Is it peace, Jehu?”
8. Jehu answered, “What peace can there be, so long as the whorings and the sorceries of your mother Jezebel are so many?”
9. As Joram turned and fled, Jehu struck him with an arrow in the heart and he died in his chariot and he was buried on the plot of ground of Naboth the Jezreelite in accordance with the word of the Lord.
10. As Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled in the direction of Beth-haggan, but Jehu commanded he be shot also; he was wounded in his chariot and he fled to Megiddo where he died and was carried to Jerusalem for burial.
11. When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel inquired if he came in peace, but Jehu told her servants to throw her down and they did, killing her.
12. Jehu ate and drank then commanded his servants to go and bury Jezebel, for she was a king’s daughter; but they only found her head, feet, and hands per the word of the Lord which he spoke by Elijah: “the dogs shall eat the flesh of Jezebel and the corpse of Jezebel shall be as dung on the face of the field in the territory of Jezreel.”

2 Kings 10, Jehu kills Ahab’s Descendants
1. First, Jehu called for the heads of 70 of Ahab’s sons, demanding the people of Samaria bring them to Jezreel; when delivered, Jehu also killed all the house of Ahab as the word of the Lord spoke concerning the house of Ahab to Elijah.
2. Second, Jehu set out for Samaria and on the way he met the 42 relatives of Ahaziah, king of Judah and he slaughtered them, sparing none of them.
3. Third, Jehu met Jehonadab saying “come with me, and see my zeal for the Lord and as they came to Samaria they struck down all that remained to Ahab in Samaria according to the word of the Lord that he spoke to Elijah.
4. Fourth, Jehu called all the prophets of Baal to him pretending to seek to make sacrifice in worship; however, upon their arrival at the house of Baal, the full house was put to the sword and the pillar of Baal was burned along with the house.
5. Fifth, Jehu did all that was commanded by the word of the Lord through the prophets Elijah and Elisha except for failing to destroy the two golden calves that were in Bethel and Dan; he did not turn from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin.
6. Sixth, the Lord began to cut off parts of Israel during the 28 years Jehu reigned in Israel.
7. Seventh, Jehoahaz, his son, reigned in his place.

2 Kings 11, Athaliah is ruler in Judah
1. Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, killed all the royal family when she discovered that her son was dead; however, Joash was hidden from her by Jehosheba, daughter of King Joram.
2. Jehosheba hid Joash for six years while Athaliah reigned over the land.
3. But, in the seventh year, Jehoiada, the priest, proclaimed Joash king.
4. Athaliah was put to death and Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord and the king and the people.
5. Then all the people of the land went to the house of Baal and tore it down breaking his altars and his images into pieces while killing Mattan, the priest of Baal, before the altars.
6. Joash took his seat on the throne of the kings.

2 Kings 12, Jehoash become king of Judah and Jehoash Repairs the Temple
1. Jehoash was only seven years old when he began to reign in Judah and he reigned for 40 years in Jerusalem.
2. Jehoash did what was right in the eyes of the Lord; Jehoiada the priest instructed him, but nevertheless, the high places were not taken away and the people continued to sacrifice and make offerings on the high places.
3. Jehoash said to the priests, take all the money of the holy things ‘that is brought into the house of the Lord, the money for which each man is assessed and the money that a man’s heart prompts him to bring into the house of the Lord, and repair the house as needed.
4. But the priests did not do any repairs on the house of the Lord for 23 years during the reign of Jehoash; the king stopped them from taking any more money from the people and required them to hand it over to workmen for the repair of the house.
5. However, no money was spent for the house of the Lord for basins, snuffers, bowls, trumpets, or vessels of gold and silver for that was given to the workmen who were repairing the house without an accounting.
6. The workers dealt honestly; the money from offerings belonged to the priests.
7. At that time Hazael, king of Syria, went up against Gath and took it; when he turned toward Jerusalem, Jehoash, king of Judah took all sacred gifts and all the gold in the treasuries, and sent them to Hazael.
8. Hazael went away from Jerusalem; but, not surprisingly, Joash’s servants arose and struck down Joash and he died.
9. Amaziah, his son, reigned in his place.

2 Kings 13, Jehoahaz, then Jehoash become king of Israel and Elisha Dies
1. Jehoahaz, son of Joau, began his reign in Samaria for 17 years and he did evil in the sight of the Lord following the sins of Jeroboam which he made Israel to sin; the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel.
2. So, the Lord gave Israel continually into the hand of Hazael, king of Syria and into the hand of Ben-hadad, the son of Hazael.
3. But, Jehoahaz then sought the favor of the Lord; the Lord listened to him and empowered him to get out from under the oppression of the Syrians.
4. Nevertheless, the people did not depart from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, but walked in them (the Asherah remained in Samaria).
5. The army of Jehoahaz was diminished to not more than 50 horsemen and 10 chariots and 10,000 foot soldiers; the rest were destroyed by the king of Syria.
6. When Jehoahaz died, Joash his son reigned in his place while Jehoash reigned in Israel.
7. Jehoash did evil in the sight of the Lord.
8. But when Elisha fell sick, Joash went to see him and wept.
9. Elisha told Joash to shoot an arrow through an open eastward window and to strike the ground with the arrows; Elisha was angry when Joash only struck the ground three times instead of five or six times.
10. Elisha told Joash that the arrow was the Lords arrow of victory and Joash will only be victorious over the Syrians three times instead of making an end of it.
11. Elisha died and was buried; but while under assault of marauding Moabites, another man was being buried and as soon as his body was thrown into the grave of Elisha, and touched his bones, the man revived and stood on his feet.
12. Hazael, king of Syria, oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz; but the Lord was gracious to them and had compassion on them, and he turned toward them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and would not destroy them.
13. When Hazael died, Jehoash took again from Ben-hadad, son of Hazael, the cities he had taken from Jehoahaz; three times Joash defeated him and recovered the cities of Israel.

2 Kings 14, Amaziah is King in Judah
1. Amaziah was 25 years old when he began to reign in Judah; he reigned 29 years in Jerusalem and he did right in the eyes of the Lord.
2. But, the high places were not removed; the people still sacrificed and made offerings on the high places.
3. Amaziah followed what is written in the Book of Moses where the Lord commanded, “not to strike down a father because of his children nor to strike down children because of their father.”
4. So, he let live the children of their father who murdered his father.
5. Then Amaziah challenged Jehoash in battle at Beth-shemesh and Amaziah was defeated and captured by the king of Israel.
6. Jehoash, king of Israel, came to Jerusalem destroying a portion of the wall and seized all the gold and silver, and all the vessels in the House of the Lord, and in the king’s house returning to Samaria with many hostages.
7. Jehoash died and was buried in Samaria and Jeroboam his son reigned in his place.
8. Amaziah lived 15 years in Jerusalem after the death of Jehoash; but he fled to Lachish because of a conspiracy against him; he was put to death.
9. Azariah was made king in place of his father when Azariah was only 16.
10. Meanwhile, Jeroboam II began to reign in Samaria for 41 years and he did evil in the sight of the Lord; but, the Lord saw that the affliction of Israel was very bitter for there was none left to help Israel.
10. The Lord saved them by the hand of Jeroboam to keep Israel from being blotted out from under heaven.
11. When Jeroboam died, Zechariah his son reigned in his place.

Week #54; Wed, Jan 09, 2019, 2 Kings 15-19

Week #54; Wed, Jan 09, 2019, 2 Kings 15:1-19:37

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The extent of the Lord’s touch extends fully to all individuals in detail as illustrated by leprosy given to Azariah for his lifetime, although he did what was right, he did not take away the high places where the people sacrificed and made offerings to other gods (even Moses was stricken with leprosy temporarily).
2. Also, King Zechariah did evil in the sight of the Lord making Israel to sin and he was struck down by Shallum who ruled in his place.
3. Consequences for failure to comply with God’s will, were dispensed by the justice of the Lord.
4. Much turmoil and transition took place in the kingdoms of Judah and Israel; one conspiracy was followed by another.
5. Because the people of Israel had sinned against the Lord, feared other gods, and walked in the customs of other nations, they fell to the Assyria and were exiled from Samaria.
6. Judah under the rule of Hezekiah was faithful to the Lord and was miraculously spared from the hands of the Assyrians.
7. Hezekiah’s prayer of lament brought power from the Lord through deployment of the “angel of the Lord” (note how the Lord states that His current action on behalf of Judah was planned from old what now He brings to pass . . . He knows our sitting down and our going out and coming in . . .).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Kings 15, Azariah Reigns in Judah
1. Although Azariah of Judah did what was right, the Lord touched Azariah giving him leprosy for failing to take away the high places where people sacrificed and made offerings to other gods.
2. So also, King Zechariah of Israel was brought to justice by a conspiracy from his son, Shallum, for doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord as his fathers had done and made Israel to sin.
3. Shallum was then struck down by Menahem who reigned and also evil in the sight of the Lord; he exacted 50 shekels of silver from the wealthy men of Israel to pay Pul, the king of Assyria when he came against the land.
4. Pekahiah, son of Menahem, reigned over Israel in Samaria for two years doing what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he was struck down by Pekah, who reigned in his place.
5. Pekah reigned for twenty years in Israel and did evil in the eyes of the Lord; Hoshea conspired against him and struck him down.
6. Jotham began to reign in Judah and he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord; but the high places were not removed so Syria was sent by the Lord against Judah.

2 Kings 16, Ahaz Reigns in Judah
1. Ahaz began to reign in Judah at age 20 for 16 years in Jerusalem; he did not do what was right in the eyes of the Lord (he sacrificed his son as an offering on the high places).
2. Ahaz was besieged by Rezin, king of Syria and Pekah, king of Israel but they could not conquer him.
3. Ahaz sent the king of Assyria silver and gold; Assyria then took Damascus captive and killed Rezin.
4. Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria and discovered the altar that was there.
5. Ahaz constructed a model of the Assyrian altar and sent it to Uriah the priest to replicate.
6. Ahaz performed burnt offerings on the new altar that supplanted the altar in the house of the Lord.
7. Ahaz’s son Hezekiah reigned in his place.

2 Kings 17, The Fall of Israel
1. Hoshea reigned in Samaria over Israel for 9 years doing what was evil in the eyes of the Lord.
2. Hoshea was attacked by Shalmaneser king of Assyria; he paid tribute and became his vassal.
3. Shalmaneser found treachery in Hoshea and shut him up and bound him in prison.
4. Shalmaneser then invaded all the land and came to Samaria, besieging it for three years
5. When Shalmaneser captured Samaria, he carried the Israelites away to Assyria.
6. This occurred because the people of Israel had sinned against the Lord walking in the customs of the other nations doing things that were not right.
7. The people built high places in all cities and set up pillars and Asherim; they made offerings on all the high places and served idols.
8. The Lord warned Israel and Judah to turn from their evil ways and keep his commandments.
9. But Israel would not listen; they made an Asherah and served Baal (they burned their sons and daughters as offerings, used divination and omens, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord).
10. The Lord removed them out of His sight.
11. Only Judah was left, but they too walked in the customs that Israel had introduced.
12 The Lord removed Judah out of His sight too.
13. The king of Assyria brought people and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the people of Israel, but the Lord sent lions among them.
14. The people of Israel would not listen to the Lord and they did according to their former manner.

2 Kings 18, Hezekiah Reigns in Judah
1. Hezekiah, the son of Ahaz began to reign in Judah at age 25 for 29 years in Jerusalem doing what was right in the eyes of the Lord.
2. Hezekiah removed all the high places and broke the pillars and cut down the Asherah.
3. Hezekiah trusted in the Lord keeping His commandments and the Lord was with him.
4. Hezekiah rebelled against the Assyrians and would not serve them; he struck down the Philistines as far as Gaza.
5. Hoshea, king of Israel fought against Assyria for three years but it was taken.
6. Shalmaneser carried the Israelites away to Assyria because they did not obey the voice of the Lord their God.
7. Sennacherib, king of Assyria attacked Judah and took the fortified cities causing Hezekiah to say to him, “I have done wrong; withdraw from me. Whatever you impose on me I will bear.”
8. Sennacherib required 300 talents of silver and 30 talents of gold which Hezekiah gave him.
9. Sennacherib sent his army to Jerusalem taunting them saying that the Lord will not be able to deliver them.
10. The people were silent.

2 Kings 19, Isaiah Reassures Hezekiah
1. Hezekiah appealed to the prophet Isaiah.
2. The Lord told Isaiah that Hezekiah should not be afraid, the Assyrians will be given a spirit, so that they shall hear a rumor and return to their own land and be made to fall on their own sword by their own hand.
3. Hezekiah received another threatening message from Sennacherib but went to the house of the Lord and prayed while sending Eliakim to the prophet Isaiah.
4. Hezekiah laments earnestly before the Lord and Isaiah prophesizes Sennacherib’s fall.
5. That night an angel of the Lord went out and struck down 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians (Ex. 12:23 and 2 Sam. 24:16 also give rise to expanded thought).
6. Sennacherib departed and went home and lived at Nineveh where his sons struck him down and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.

Week #55; Wed, Jan 16, 2019, 2 Kings 20-25

Week #55; Wed, Jan 16, 2019, 2 Kings 20:1:1-25:30

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. Hezekiah was faithful, whole-hearted, and he did what was good in the sight of the Lord.
2. Based on Hezekiah’s prayer when he was severely ill, the Lord granted him 15 additional years to live.
3. But Hezekiah had a weakness of being too transparent, especially with a visiting Babylonian envoy.
4. The brutal fall of Judah led to their exile to Babylon.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Kings 20, King Hezekiah is Deathly Ill
1. Hezekiah was sick and dying but his prayer for healing was very powerful and the Lord heard him.
2. Although Isaiah told Hezekiah that he should “get his house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover” the Lord was moved to reconsider.
3. Hezekiah’s appeal was based on his faithfulness, whole heart, and doing what was good in the sight of the Lord; he wept bitterly.
4. The Lord heard his prayer and saw his tears and he decided to heal Hezekiah.
5. The Lord commanded Hezekiah to go up to the House of the Lord on the third day and he added 15 years to his life; the Lord delivered him and the city out of the hands of the Assyrians for David’s sake.
6. Additionally, Isaiah told Hezekiah a sign from the Lord will show that he will do the thing that he promised; Hezekiah was given a choice of making the shadow go forward 10 steps or backwards 10 steps.
7. Hezekiah said, “Let it go backwards 10 steps.”
8. The Lord brought the shadow backwards 10 steps to show Hezekiah that the Lord would keep his promise.
9. Hearing Hezekiah was sick, Merodach-baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent envoys with letters and a present to Hezekiah.
10. Hezekiah welcomed them and showed them all the treasures in his house; there was nothing Hezekiah did not show them.
11. Then Isaiah came to Hezekiah and asked him what happened and what they saw.
12. Hezekiah said everything was shown to them.
13. Isaiah told Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the Lord: Behold, the days are coming, when all that is in your house, and that which your fathers have stored up till this day, shall be carried to Babylon. Nothing shall be left, says the Lord. Your sons shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.”
14. Hezekiah said, “Why not, if there will be peace and security in my days.”
15. Hezekiah was known for having made the pool and the conduit bringing water into the city.

2 Kings 21, Manasseh Reigns in Judah
1. Manasseh was only 12 years when he began to reign in Judah; he reigned for 55 years.
2. He did evil in the sight of the Lord rebuilding the high places his father Hezekiah had destroyed; erected altars for Baal; made an Asherah; worshiped all the host of heaven and served them; built altars in the house of the Lord including altars for the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the Lord; he burned his son as an offering; used fortune-telling and omens; and he dealt with mediums and necromancers.
3. Manasseh led the people astray to do greater evil than the nations had done whom the Lord destroyed before the people of Israel.
4. He ignored the promises of the Lord to follow him according to the Law that Moses commanded them.
5. The Lord, the God of Israel said, “Behold, I am bringing upon Jerusalem and Judah such disaster that the ears of everyone who hears of it will tingle . . . I will forsake the remnant of my heritage and give them into the hand of their enemies, they shall become prey and a spoil to all their enemies because they have done evil and provoked me to anger.”
6. Amon, Manasseh’s son, reigned in his place; he reigned for 2 years in Jerusalem doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord like his father Manasseh had done.
7. Amon abandoned the Lord and his servants conspired against him putting him to death.
8. But the people of the land struck down all those who had conspired against King Amon and made Josiah his son king in his place.

2 Kings 22, Josiah Reigns in Judah
1. Josiah was 8 years old when he began to reign; he reigned for 33 years in Jerusalem doing right in the eyes of the Lord.
2. Josiah followed the way of David and did not stray from it.
3. Josiah rebuilt the temple giving all the money that had been collected from the people to the workmen without an accounting, for they dealt honestly.
4. Hilkiah the high priest found the Book of the Law in the house of the Lord.
5. When Josiah heard the words of the Book of the Law, he tore his clothes and told his servants to inquire of the Lord and the people.
6. Josiah knew the wrath of the Lord was kindled against them, because his fathers have not obeyed the words of this book.
7. He commanded Hilkiah the high priest and his servants to inquire of the Lord.
8. They went to Huldah the prophetess in Jerusalem and she said, “the Lord will bring disaster to this place and its inhabitants because they have made offerings to other gods, provoking him to anger; his wrath will be kindled against this place and it will not be quenched.”
9. But say to the king of Judah, “Because your heart was penitent, and you humbled yourself before the Lord, I have heard you, declares the Lord; your eyes shall not see all the disaster that I will bring upon this place.”

2 Kings 23, Josiah’s Reforms
1. Josiah gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem together and he read in their hearing all the words of the Book of the Covenant that had been found in the house of the Lord.
2. The king made a covenant before the Lord, to walk after the Lord and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all his heart and all his soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book and all the people joined in the covenant.
3. The king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the threshold to bring out of the temple of the Lord all the vessels made for Baal, for Asherah, and for all the host of heaven.
4. He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and carried their ashes to Bethel.
5. He deposed the priest whom the kings of Judah had ordained to make offerings in the high places at the cities of Judah and around Jerusalem; those also who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and the moon and the constellations and all the host of the heavens; he defiled all places of worship to other gods set up by his fathers—they were pulled down and burned reducing them to dust.
6. He removed the shrines in the cities of Samaria, and he sacrificed all the priests of the high places who were there, on the altars, and burned human bones on them.
7. Josiah returned to Jerusalem and restored the Passover as written in the Book of the Covenant for the first time since the judges who judged Israel; it was the 18th year of King Josiah.
8. Josiah put away all the mediums and the necromancers, the household gods, the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might establish the words of the law that were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the Lord.
9. Before him there was no king like him, who turned to the Lord with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, nor did any like him arise after him.
10. Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates, King Josiah went to meet him, and Pharaoh Neco killed him at Megiddo, as soon as he saw him.
11. The people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah and anointed him king in his father’s place; he was 23 years old when he began to reign for 3 months in Jerusalem doing evil in the sight of the Lord.
12. Pharaoh Neco put him in bonds that he might not rule in Jerusalem; he made Eliakim king in the place of Josiah his father; he gave him the name of Jehoiakim and took him to Egypt where he died.
13. Jehoiakim taxed the people to give the money to Pharaoh Neco; Jehoiakim was 25 years old when he began reigning for 11 years in Jerusalem doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord.

2 Kings 24, Jehoiakim Reigns in Judah
1. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant for 3 years.
2. When he rebelled against him, the Lord sent the Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites against Judah to destroy it according to the word of the Lord.
3. It appears that this came upon Judah at the command of the Lord, to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done and the innocent blood he had shed.
4. Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place when he was 18 years old; he reigned for 3 months in Jerusalem doing evil in the sight of the Lord.
5. Babylon began to siege Jerusalem and Jehoiachin gave himself up to Nebuchadnezzar.
6. Nebuchadnezzar took all the treasures of the king’s house and the temple (cutting the vessels of the temple into pieces) and all the people except the poorest.
7. Nebuchadnezzar made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
8. Zedekiah was 21 years old when he became king; he reigned 11 years doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord.

2 Kings 25, Fall and Captivity of Judah
1. Nebuchadnezzar laid siege against Jerusalem until the 11 year of the reign of Zedekiah; there was no food for the people of the land.
2. The king and all the men of war fled by night by the way of a breach and the gate in the double wall, but the Chaldeans were all around the city and they pursued the king until he was overtaken at Jericho.
3. They slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before the king and put out the eyes of Zedekiah and bound him in chains; they then took him captive to Babylon.
4. King Nebuchadnezzar went to Jerusalem and burned down all the houses and took those that remained in the city into exile; a few of the poorest were left to be vinedressers and plowmen.
5. All the bronze pillars, stands, the sea, pots, shovels, snuffers, dishes, and vessels were broken into pieces and carried to Babylon.
6. Many people that remained in the land were taken to the king of Babylon where he struck them down.
7. So, Judah was taken into exile out of its land.
8. Nebuchadnezzar appointed Gedaliah governor over the people that remained in the land; Gedaliah told them to live in the land and serve the king of Babylon and it shall be well with them.
9. Gedaliah and those with him were struck down by Ishmael and ten of his men; the rest fled to Egypt.
10. Jehoiachin was released from prison when Evil-merodaoh, King of Babylon, in the year he began to reign.
11. Jehoiachin was given an allowance according to his needs as long as his lived.

Week #56; Wed, Jan 23, 2019, 1 Chronicles 1-6

Week #56; Wed, Jan 23, 2019, 1 Chronicles 1:1-6:81

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The genealogy of the descendants from Adam to the written proclamation by Cyrus, king of Persia, is documented in 1st and 2nd Chronicles.
2. Samuel and Kings are confirmed by Chronicles
3. Because of the high number of descendant relationships described in Chronicles from Adam through David, there is value in concentrating on just the names tied to the “Bloodline of Christ.” See: Alfred T. Eade, “The Expanded Panorama Bible Study Course: From the Creation of the Angels to the New Jerusalem.”
4. The Gospel also gains reinforcement through God’s creation of one man through one blood line for all nations; all being descended from Adam.
5. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genealogies_in_the_Bible and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genealogies_in_the_Bible#Family_tree_of_Abraham for useful charts and maps that highlight the genealogy of Christ from Adam (with notes on important connections).
6. The dwelling places, pasturelands, and settlements were given borders by tribe.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
1 Chronicles 1, Adam to Abram (Abraham); Abraham to Jacob
1. Adam’s descendants lead to Abraham and Jacob.
2. Abraham’s descendants (Israel and Ishmael) lead to wide divisions that give rise to conflict between the two lines that continues today.
3. The descendants of Israel lead to salvation through Jesus Christ, the Messiah.

1 Chronicles 2, Genealogy of David
1. Descendants of Joseph (Israel) lead to the ten tribes of Israel (Reuben, Simon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulun, Gad, Asher, Dan, Naphtali, Joseph) and two tribes of Judah (Judah and Benjamin); twelve tribes total.
2. Jesse fathered seven sons including David
3. David’s descendants lead to Christ Jesus.

1 Chronicles 3, David’s Descendants
1. David’s descendants lead to Solomon (and the construction of the Temple of the Lord).

1 Chronicles 4, Descendants of Judah; Descendants of Simeon
1. Many descendants were grouped by the kind of work they performed (linen workers, potters, etc.)
2. Families were often large; often over 20.

1 Chronicles 5, Descendants of Reuben; Descendants of Gad; Descendants of the Half-Tribe of Manasseh
1. Reuben was the firstborn of Israel, but he defiled his father’s couch and his birthright was given to Joseph.
2. Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh were taken into exile by Assyria; they broke faith with the God of their fathers and whored after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them.

1 Chronicles 6, Descendants of Levi
1. Azariah served as priest in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem.
2. Levites were appointed for all the service of the tabernacle of the house of God.

Week #57; Wed, Jan 30, 2019, 1 Chronicles 7-13

Week #57; Wed, Jan 30, 2019, 1 Chronicles 7:1-13:14



PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The genealogy of the descendants from Adam to the written proclamation by Cyrus, king of Persia, is documented in 1st and 2nd Chronicles.
2. Samuel and Kings are confirmed by Chronicles
3. Because of the high number of descendant relationships described in Chronicles from Adam through David, there is value in concentrating on just the names tied to “Bloodline of Christ.”
4. The Gospel also gains reinforcement through following God’s creation of one man through one blood line for all nations; all being descended from Adam (Book by Alfred T. Eade, “The Expanded Panorama Bible Study Course” pertains).
5. See: Rose Book of Bible Charts, Maps, and Time Lines (10th Anniversary Expanded Edition) for useful charts and maps that highlight the genealogy of Jesus from Adam (with legend on important connections).
6. The dwelling places, pasturelands, and settlements were given borders by tribe.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
1 Chronicles 7, Descendants of Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, and Asher
1. Four sons descended from Issachar (kinsmen included 87,000 mighty warriors).
2. Three sons descended from Benjamin (kinsmen included 59,434 mighty warriors).
3. Four sons descended from Naphtali.
4. Two sons descended from Manasseh.
5. Four sons descended from Ephraim.
6. Four sons descended from Asher (kinsmen included 26,000 mighty warriors).

1 Chronicles 8, Descendants of Saul
1. Ner was the father of Kish, Kish of Saul, Saul of Jonathan, Malchi-shua, Abinadab and Eshbaal.
2. All these were Benjamites.

1 Chronicles 9, Genealogy of the Returned Exiles and Saul’s Genealogy Revisited
1. Judah was taken into exile in Babylon because of their breach of faith.
2. The first to dwell again in their cities were Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the temple servants.
3. Some of the people of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh lived in Jerusalem.
4. Ner was the father of Kish, Kish of Saul, Saul of Jonathan, Malchi-shua, Abinadab and Eshbaal.

1 Chronicles 10, The Death of Saul and His Sons
1. Now the Philistines fought against Israel, and the men of Israel fled before the Philistines and fell slain on Mount Gilboa.
2. And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons, and the Philistines struck down Jonathan and Abinadab and Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul.
3. The archers found Saul and wounded him; Saul said to his armor-bearer, “Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and mistreat me.”
4. His armor-bearer would not, so Saul fell upon his own sword and died.
5. The army abandoned their cities and fled and the Philistines came and lived in them.
6. So, Saul died for his breach of faith.
7. He broke faith with the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and he also consulted a medium, seeking guidance.
8. He did not seek guidance from the Lord.
9. Therefore, the Lord put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

1 Chronicles 11, David Anointed King; David Takes Jerusalem; and David’s Mighty Men
1. All Israel gathered to David at Hebron saying, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. In times past, even when Saul was king, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the Lord your God said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over my people Israel.'”
2. All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord.
3. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the Lord by Samuel.
4. David and all Israel went to Jerusalem where the Jebusites were inhabiting the land.
5. The Jebusites told David, “You will not come in here.”
6. David told all of Israel, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites first shall be chief and commander.”
7. Joab (son of Zeruiah) went up first, so he became chief.
8. David lived in the stronghold and it became known as the city of David; he rebuilt the city and he became greater and greater.
9. There were 30 in David’s mighty men and three were greatest: Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah (2 Samuel 23:11 pertains); Jashobeam was chief of the three.
10. Abishai and Benaiah were also mighty men of the 30 but they did not attain to the three.
11. Note that Uriah the Hittite is listed among the 30 mighty men of David; Uriah’s wife was Bathsheba.

1 Chronicles 12, The Mighty Men Join David
1. Saul’s mighty men joined David at Ziklag; other men came to David to help him until there was a great army, like an army of God.
2. Overall, 340,000 mighty men arrayed in battle order came together to make David king; there was joy in Israel and a three day feast was prepared to mark the unity of Israel under David.

1 Chronicles 13, The Ark Brought from Kiriath-Jearim
1. All the commanders of the assembly were consulted by David and he said to the assembly, “If it seems good to you and from the Lord our God, let us send abroad to our brothers who remain in all the lands of Israel, as well as to the priests and Levites in the cities that have pasturelands, that they may be gathered to us. Then let us bring again the ark of our God to us, for we did not seek it in the days of Saul.”
2. All agreed so David assembled all Israel to bring the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to Jerusalem.
3. The ark of God is called by the name of the Lord who sits enthroned above the cherubim.
4. They carried the ark of God in a new cart driven by Uzzah and Ahio.
5. David and all Israel were rejoicing before God with all their might, with song and lyres, harps, tambourines, cymbals and trumpets.
6. When they came to the threshing floor of Chidden, the oxen stumbled and Uzzah put out his hand to take hold of the ark.
7. The anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah, and he struck him down because he put out his hand to the ark, and he died there before God.
8. David was very angry but was very afraid of God that day saying, “How can I bring the ark of God home to me?”
9. So David took it aside to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite where it remained for three months.
10. The Lord blessed the household of Obed-edom and all that he had.