Week #50; Wed, 12/12/18: 1 Kings 16:1-20:43
1. The book of Chronicles of the Kings of Israel pertains to the records of the kings recorded here; see a concordance for the direct correlations.
2. Prophets Jehu and Elijah deliver the word of the Lord against Israel’s kings (Elah, Zimri, Omri, and Ahab) for doing evil in the sight of the Lord.
3. Elijah destroyed the prophets of Baal and Asherah after a convincing demonstration with fire from the Lord who is the real God.
1 Kings 16, Elah, Zimri, Omri, and Ahab Reign in Israel doing evil in the sight of the Lord
1. The word of the Lord came against Baasha and all of his house by the prophet Jehu; Baasha did evil in the sight of the Lord like the house of Jeroboam.
2. Elah, the son of Baasha, ruled for two years and he continued to do evil in the sight of the Lord.
3. While drunk, Elah was struck down by Zimri, the commander of half his chariots.
4. Zimri ruled in Elah’s place and he struck down all of the house of Baasha.
5. Zimri continued to do evil in the sight of the Lord, walking in the way of Jeroboam.
6. Omri became king and reigned for twelve years and he continued to do evil greater than all who were before him walking in the way of Jeroboam.
7. Ahab, son of Omri, reigned for twenty-two years and he continued to do greater evil than his father and all of the kings before him (building an altar for Baal and an Ashera).
1 Kings 17, Elijah Predicts a Drought
1. Elijah, the prophet, said to Ahab that a drought would come upon the land; no dew or rain will come except by the word of the Lord.
2. Elijah was told by the Lord to travel to the brook Cherith east of the Jordan to hide where the ravens would bring him bread and meat; but when the brook ran dry for lack of rain, the Lord told him to travel to Zerephath to dwell.
3. The Lord commanded a widow there to feed Elijah with her last flour and oil that she was preparing for herself and her son before resolving to die together.
4. Elijah said to her, “Do not fear; go and do as you have said, but first make me a little cake of it and bring it to me, and afterward make something for yourself and your son. ‘The jar of flour shall not be spent, and the jug of oil shall not be empty, until the day the Lord sends rain upon the earth.'”
5. Later, the widow’s son became severely ill and Elijah stretched himself out upon the child three times and cried out to the Lord to let his life come into him again; he revived.
1 Kings 18, Elijah’s Confrontation With Ahab
1. After three years of drought, the Lord came to Elijah saying, “Go, show yourself to Ahab, and I will send rain upon the earth.”
2. Ahab and Obadiah (one of the Lord’s prophets) were separately going about to find water in all the land when Elijah came to Obadiah.
3. Elijah told Obadiah to go tell Ahab that Elijah was here, but Obadiah feared Ahab because Jezabel (Ahab’s wife) killed the prophets of the Lord.
4. But, Obadiah went to Ahab and told him; so Ahab went to meet Elijah.
5. Elijah said to Ahab that because he abandoned the commandments of the Lord and followed the Baals, he instructed Ahab to meet him at Mount Carmel along with the 450 prophets of Baal and the 400 prophets of Asherah that eat at Jezabel’s table.
6. When they met, Elijah said to Ahab and the prophets of Baal and Asherah, “How long will you limp between two different opinions? If the Lord is God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him.”
7. Then Elijah told the people to cut two bulls into pieces and lay them on the wood (but put no fire to it), he then told Ahab’s prophets to call upon the name of their god, and then Elijah would call upon the name of the Lord to see which God answers by fire.
8. No answer came to the prophets of Baal, but when Elijah repaired the altar of the Lord that had been thrown down, he had water poured on the burnt offering and on the wood three times.
9. That same day, at the time of oblation, Elijah said, “O lord, God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, let it be known that you are God in Israel, and that I am your servant, and that I have done all these things at your word.”
10. Then the fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt offering, wood, stones, and dust.
11. Ahab’s people fell on their faces and said, “The Lord he is God; the Lord, he is God.”
12. Elijah brought the prophets of Baal to the brook of Kishon and slaughtered them there.
13. Elijah told Ahab to eat and drink, for there is a sound of the rushing of rain.
14. Elijah told his servant to go up and look toward the sea and report what they see; on the seventh time, a little cloud was seen that turned black bringing strong wind and great rain.
15. Elijah told Ahab to prepare his chariot and go to Jezreel; the hand of the Lord was on Elijah and he ran ahead of Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.
1 Kings 19, Elijah Flees from Jezebel
1. When Ahab told his wife Jezabel what had happened, she threatened to kill Elijah.
2. Elijah fled to Beersheba in Judah.
3. After one days travel, Elijah asked the Lord to die while taking rest under a broom tree.
4. An angel touched him and said, “Arise and eat.” twice.
5. Elijah arose and ate the cake and drank the jar of water that was delivered to him and he went for forty days and nights to Horeb, the mount of God.
6. The Lord spoke to Elijah (after a great strong wind and an earthquake) telling him to go to Damascus and anoint Hazael king of Syria; to anoint Jehu king of Israel; and to anoint Elisha prophet in his place.
7. The Lord said 7,000 would be left in Israel after Hazael, Jehu and Elisha have put the rest to death.
8. Only those that have not bowed to Baal and kissed him will be left in Israel.
9. When Elijah met Elisha, Elisha followed Elijah and assisted him.
1 Kings 20, Ahab Assaulted by Ben-hadad of Syria
1. Ben-hadad of Syria threatened Ahab of Israel to take all of Ahab’s wives, children, gold and silver; Ahab’s elders advised him to ignore and resist Ben-hadad.
2. The Lord spoke to Ahab telling him to assemble all the 232 governors of the districts and the 7,000 people of Israel and go out and begin battle with Syria.
3. They found Ben-hadad and his 32 kings drinking themselves drunk in booths.
4. The Syrians fled before the men of Israel, but Ben-hadad escaped on a horse with horsemen.
5. The king of Israel struck the Syrians with a great blow.
6. Ben-hadad mustered another army to fight Israel in the spring in the plains because they believed the God of Israel was only in the hills, but Israel defeated the Syrians again even though greatly outnumbered.
7. A man of God came to the king of Israel telling him that because the Syrians have said that the “Lord is only a god of the hills but he is not a god of the valleys” I will give them into your hands, and you shall know that I am the Lord.
8. Syria lost 100,000 foot soldiers in one day and the rest fled into the city of Aphek where the wall fell upon 27,000 men who were left.
9. Ben-hadad promised to restore the cities that his father took from Ahab’s father, so Ahab let him go based on those terms.
10. Through a prophet, Ahab learned the Lord was angered because he let go the man he had devoted to destruction; he also learned that his life shall be for that man and his people shall be for that people.
11. Ahab went to his house vexed and sullen in Samaria.