Week #46; Wed, 11/14/18: 2 Samuel 21:1-1 Kings 1:53

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. While David’s song of deliverance (ch. 22) gives thanks and praise to the Lord, for protection from all of the harm he faced from temporal earthly threats, he also identifies salvation in an eternal context with regard to becoming blameless, purified, and humble, for all that take refuge in Him.
2. An additional threat to the kingdom arose from Adonijah, the son of Haggith; but David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Samuel 21: David and the Gibeonites
1. David sought the Lord due to a recurring three year famine.
2. The Lord said to David that the famine was because Saul, in his zeal for Israel and Judah, put the Gibeonites to death.
3. So, David said to the Gibeonites that he wanted to make atonement for the past and sought their blessings.
4. The Gibeonites told David that they wanted to hang seven sons of Saul in Gibeah as retribution for Saul’s acts toward them.
5. David agreed to give them to them; he spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul’s son Jonathan, because of the oath of the Lord that was between them.
6. Seven others were put to death together on the mountain by the Gibeonites in the first days of barley harvest.
7. David retrieved the bones of Saul and Jonathan, and the bones of those that were hanged, and buried them in the tomb of Kish with the bones of Saul’s father.
8. However, there was war again with the Philistines and David and his men went down to fight them.
9. David was threatened by Ishbi-benob, a descendent of the giants; but he was saved by Abishai.
10. Following the threat to David, his men said to him, “You will not go to battle with us again for fear of seeing the lamp of Israel quenched.”
11. Wars continued with David and his men victorious; killing four descendants of the giants (one had six fingers and six toes).
2 Samuel 22: Song of Deliverance by David
1. David sang a song of deliverance on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.
2. David’s song contains not only his thanks for relief from his temporal earthly threats, but it also contains thanks for his forgiveness and eternal salvation.
2 Samuel 23: David’s Last Words
1. As in David’s song of deliverance, the theme of his last words recurs here to reflect on his temporal and eternal strength and assurance derived from the Lord and his Spirit.
2. Noteworthy is his saying on rulers, “When one rules justly over men, ruling in the fear of God, he dawns on them like the morning light, like the sun shining forth on a cloudless morning, like rain that makes grass to sprout from the earth.”
3. The mighty men of David are recorded by Samuel: Josheb-basshebeth, Eleazar, Shammah, and Abishai (chief of the thirty mighty men).
4. Among the thirty mighty men, Benaiah was a stand out; along with Uriah, the Hittite (husband of Bathsheba and unfortunate victim of David’s lust for his wife).
2 Samuel 24: Census Count by David
1. The Lord’s anger was kindled against Israel, and he moved David to count Israel and Judah.
2. Joab, although reluctant and questioning his orders from David, went with his army and counted all the people and reported that in Israel there were 800,000 men and in Judah there were 500,000 men; 1,300,000 total valiant men who drew the sword.
3. David realized he had done foolishly and his heart struck him to say, “I have sinned greatly; he pleaded with the Lord to take away his iniquity.”
4. Through Gad, the prophet, three choices were delivered from the Lord for David to consider only one; 3 year famine, 3 months fleeing from foes, or 3 days of pestilence in the land.
5. Pestilence came and 70,000 men died by the Angel of the Lord until he relented as he stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem.
6. Then David spoke to the Lord saying, “I have sinned, and I have done wickedly . . . let Your hand be against me.”
7. Gad returned and instructed David to build an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah, the Jebusite; David did as the Lord commanded.
8. He bought the threshing floor with silver, built an altar, and presented burnt and peace offerings.
9. The Lord ended the plague and Israel was averted from more deaths.
1 Kings 1: David in Old Age
1. David could not get warm in his old age, so his servants recommended that a young woman be found that would wait on him and lie in his arms that he might be warm.
2. Abishag, the Shunammite, was brought to the king; she was very beautiful, but the king knew her not.
3. Independent of David, Adonijah, son of Haggith, sought to become king by preparing chariots and horsemen while conferring with Joab, the army commander, and Abiathar, the priest, for him to claim the throne.
4. However, Zadok, Benaiah, Nathan, Shimei, Rei and David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah.
5. When Nathan heard of Adonijah’s planned sacrifice and invitation to all his brothers, and all of the officials of Judah, he told Bathsheba, mother of Solomon.
6. Nathan told Bathsheba to tell David of Adonijah’s plan which he would then confirm.
7. Bathsheba was assured by David that Solomon would be the next king, not Adonijah; David had Solomon anointed king the same day by Zakok, Nathan, and Benaiah at Gihon.
8. When Adonijah heard that Solomon, his brother, was anointed king, he took the horns of the altar for he feared Solomon; he pleaded for Solomon not to put him to death.
9. Solomon was told of Adonijah’s plea and promised that he may go to his house if he does no wickedness again; Adonijah paid homage to King Solomon.

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