Week #45; Wed, 11/07/18: 2 Samuel 16-20

Week #45; Wed, 11/07/18: 2 Samuel 16:1-20:26

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. After fleeing Jerusalem, David maintained a very strong and effective intelligence network via the sons of the priests and had great support among the people.
2. God continues to watch over the actions of David with protective care.
3. David’s son, Absalom, dies in an unusual manner while in pursuit of his father and his men.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Samuel 16: David, Ziba, Shimei, and Absalom
1. In his flight from Jerusalem, David received unexpected support from Ziba, a servant of Mephibosheth, with donkeys, bread, raisins, summer fruits, and a skin of wine.
2. However, Shimei, of the house of Saul, accosted David at Bahurim cursing him and calling him “a man of blood, a worthless man.”
3. David dismissed Shimei, saying to his men, “leave him alone for the Lord may be guiding him to speak harshly of me.”
4. Absalom enters Jerusalem with the people and men of Israel only to be advised by Ahithophel, David’s former counselor, to insult his father, David, in the sight of all Israel by committing lewdness with all ten of David’s concubines that were left behind.
2 Samuel 17: Hushai Saves David
1. Upon Ahithophel’s counsel to Absalom to mount up 12,000 men to strike down David and return his men, Hushai was summoned for advice also.
2. Hushai warned against the counsel of Ahithophel, saying that David is an expert warrior and the men that are with him are valiant men.
3. Instead, Hushai advised that Absalom himself gather men from all of the people of Israel and that Absalom should lead them to strike all of those led by David.
4. The Lord gave support to the counsel of Hushai over Ahithophel so that Absalom may come to harm.
5. But, word got to David of Absalom’s intentions including the appointment of Amasa at the head of the army instead of Joab.
2 Samuel 18: Absalom is Killed
1. David gathered his men with Joab, Abishai, and Ittai in command and sent them out into the field against Israel giving orders to be gentle with Absalom; the commanders insisted that David remain behind for his protection.
2. The men of Israel were defeated by David’s servants who killed 20,000 men at Ephraim with the forest devouring more people than the sword that day.
3. As the battle progressed, Absalom met with his demise while riding his mule that went under a large oak trapping his head in a fork as the mule continued away from the scene.
4. While suspended alive in the oak, Joab ignored David and pierced his heart with three javelins followed by additional death blows from Joab’s armor bearers; the men of Israel under Absalom fled and returned to their homes.
5. Upon hearing that Absalom died in the battle, David heavily grieved the death of his son.
2 Samuel 19: David Rebuked by Joab
1. When Joab learned that David was weeping and mourning, he addressed David saying, arise and speak to all the people to restore them in following him.
2. David returns to Jerusalem and appoints Amasa commander of the army in place of Joab.
3. David pardons his enemies upon crossing the Jordan in route to Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 20: Rebellion by Sheba
1. Upon the declaration of Sheba, a Benjaminite, all the men of Israel withdrew from David and followed him.
2. David called all the men of Judah to pursue Sheba under the command of Amasa; however, Joab killed Amasa in Gibeon with a sword.
3. Joab and Abishai, his brother, took over the role of commander of the army from Amasa to pursue Sheba.
4. Sheba was killed at Abel of Beth-maacah where he was hold up; all of the men following Joab dispersed to their home and Joab returned to Jerusalem to the king.

Week #46; Wed, 11/14/18: 2 Samuel 21-1 Kings 1

Week #46; Wed, 11/14/18: 2 Samuel 21:1-1 Kings 1:53

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. While David’s song of deliverance (ch. 22) gives thanks and praise to the Lord, for protection from all of the harm he faced from temporal earthly threats, he also identifies salvation in an eternal context with regard to becoming blameless, purified, and humble, for all that take refuge in Him.
2. An additional threat to the kingdom arose from Adonijah, the son of Haggith; but David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Samuel 21: David and the Gibeonites
1. David sought the Lord due to a recurring three year famine.
2. The Lord said to David that the famine was because Saul, in his zeal for Israel and Judah, put the Gibeonites to death.
3. So, David said to the Gibeonites that he wanted to make atonement for the past and sought their blessings.
4. The Gibeonites told David that they wanted to hang seven sons of Saul in Gibeah as retribution for Saul’s acts toward them.
5. David agreed to give them to them; he spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul’s son Jonathan, because of the oath of the Lord that was between them.
6. Seven others were put to death together on the mountain by the Gibeonites in the first days of barley harvest.
7. David retrieved the bones of Saul and Jonathan, and the bones of those that were hanged, and buried them in the tomb of Kish with the bones of Saul’s father.
8. However, there was war again with the Philistines and David and his men went down to fight them.
9. David was threatened by Ishbi-benob, a descendent of the giants; but he was saved by Abishai.
10. Following the threat to David, his men said to him, “You will not go to battle with us again for fear of seeing the lamp of Israel quenched.”
11. Wars continued with David and his men victorious; killing four descendants of the giants (one had six fingers and six toes).
2 Samuel 22: Song of Deliverance by David
1. David sang a song of deliverance on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.
2. David’s song contains not only his thanks for relief from his temporal earthly threats, but it also contains thanks for his forgiveness and eternal salvation.
2 Samuel 23: David’s Last Words
1. As in David’s song of deliverance, the theme of his last words recurs here to reflect on his temporal and eternal strength and assurance derived from the Lord and his Spirit.
2. Noteworthy is his saying on rulers, “When one rules justly over men, ruling in the fear of God, he dawns on them like the morning light, like the sun shining forth on a cloudless morning, like rain that makes grass to sprout from the earth.”
3. The mighty men of David are recorded by Samuel: Josheb-basshebeth, Eleazar, Shammah, and Abishai (chief of the thirty mighty men).
4. Among the thirty mighty men, Benaiah was a stand out; along with Uriah, the Hittite (husband of Bathsheba and unfortunate victim of David’s lust for his wife).
2 Samuel 24: Census Count by David
1. The Lord’s anger was kindled against Israel, and he moved David to count Israel and Judah.
2. Joab, although reluctant and questioning his orders from David, went with his army and counted all the people and reported that in Israel there were 800,000 men and in Judah there were 500,000 men; 1,300,000 total valiant men who drew the sword.
3. David realized he had done foolishly and his heart struck him to say, “I have sinned greatly; he pleaded with the Lord to take away his iniquity.”
4. Through Gad, the prophet, three choices were delivered from the Lord for David to consider only one; 3 year famine, 3 months fleeing from foes, or 3 days of pestilence in the land.
5. Pestilence came and 70,000 men died by the Angel of the Lord until he relented as he stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem.
6. Then David spoke to the Lord saying, “I have sinned, and I have done wickedly . . . let Your hand be against me.”
7. Gad returned and instructed David to build an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah, the Jebusite; David did as the Lord commanded.
8. He bought the threshing floor with silver, built an altar, and presented burnt and peace offerings.
9. The Lord ended the plague and Israel was averted from more deaths.
1 Kings 1: David in Old Age
1. David could not get warm in his old age, so his servants recommended that a young woman be found that would wait on him and lie in his arms that he might be warm.
2. Abishag, the Shunammite, was brought to the king; she was very beautiful, but the king knew her not.
3. Independent of David, Adonijah, son of Haggith, sought to become king by preparing chariots and horsemen while conferring with Joab, the army commander, and Abiathar, the priest, for him to claim the throne.
4. However, Zadok, Benaiah, Nathan, Shimei, Rei and David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah.
5. When Nathan heard of Adonijah’s planned sacrifice and invitation to all his brothers, and all of the officials of Judah, he told Bathsheba, mother of Solomon.
6. Nathan told Bathsheba to tell David of Adonijah’s plan which he would then confirm.
7. Bathsheba was assured by David that Solomon would be the next king, not Adonijah; David had Solomon anointed king the same day by Zakok, Nathan, and Benaiah at Gihon.
8. When Adonijah heard that Solomon, his brother, was anointed king, he took the horns of the altar for he feared Solomon; he pleaded for Solomon not to put him to death.
9. Solomon was told of Adonijah’s plea and promised that he may go to his house if he does no wickedness again; Adonijah paid homage to King Solomon.

Week #47; Wed, 11/21/18: 1 Kings 2-6

Week #47; Wed, 11/21/18: 1 Kings 2:1-6:38

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. The boundaries of the kingdom of Solomon appears to coincide with the boundaries of Israel originally identified by the Lord for the “Promised Land” in Genesis 15, 17, Exodus 23, and Ezekiel 47.
2. I’ve noticed words of reasoning being used like “if, then, and, else” that are familiar to us current readers that make for exact conditional outcomes and outputs for both David and Solomon, his son.
3. Failure to meet conditions make for likely adverse impact on the boundaries noted above; the Lord places high value on boundaries in His plans (Acts 17:26-27 pertains).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
1 Kings 2: David Instructs Solomon
1. As David’s time drew near to his end, he commands Solomon to be strong, keep the charge of the Lord, walk in His ways, keep His statutes, commandments, rules, and testimonies recorded in the Law of Moses in order to prosper in all he does.
2. David instructed Solomon to pay close attention to his way, to walk before the Lord in faithfulness with all his heart and soul in order to continue keeping a man on the throne of Israel as was promised to David.
3. David also identified key people that Solomon should act out upon through his wisdom to blunt further hostilities toward the throne and to shield those close to David.
4. David was buried in the city of David after reigning for forty years.
5. Solomon sat on the throne of David and his kingdom was firmly established.
6. Later, Solomon’s half-brother, Adonijah (son of Haggith), persisted to gain Abishag as his wife by approaching Bathsheba to speak on his behalf.
7. However, when Bathsheba spoke to Solomon about the matter, he rebuked her and had Adonijah put to death.
8. Solomon continued to clean out the house of his father, David, by expelling Abiathar, the priest; executing Joab for shedding innocent blood of two men (Abner and Amasa); and killing Shimei for all the harm he did to David (and for crossing over the brook of Kidron to go after his servants that ran away).

1 Kings 3: Solomon Prays for Wisdom
1. Because Solomon was very young, he put his highest priority on ruling justly for the vast numbers of people in his kingdom.
2. Solomon loved the Lord and at the time of great sacrifice in Gibeon, the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream and asked him “What shall I give you?”
3. Solomon asked for the Lord to give him an “understanding mind” to govern the people with the ability to discern between good and evil.
4. The Lord said to him, “Because you have asked this, and have not asked for yourself long life or riches or the life of your enemies, but have asked for yourself understanding to discern what is right, I will do according to your word.”
5. The Lord said to Solomon, “Behold, I give you a wise and discerning mind, so that none like you has been before you and none like you shall arise after you.”
6. Further, the Lord said, “I will give you also what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you, all your days.”
7. The Lord also said to Solomon He would “lengthen your days if you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my commandments as your father David walked.”
8. Solomon’s wisdom was on great display in settling the dispute between two women that came before the throne to plead their case over the rightful claim over a living and a dead child; Solomon gave the living child to the woman who sought to spare the child when he attempted to divide the child in half with a sword.

1 Kings 4: Solomon’s High Officials
1. Solomon had 12 officers over all of Israel; they provided food for the king and his household each month in turn (Ben-abinadab had taken Taphath, Solomon’s daughter as his wife and Ahimaaz had taken Basemath, Solomon’s daughter as his wife).
2. Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; they brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.
3. God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and breadth of mind that was unsurpassed; he was wiser that all other men and his fame was in all the surrounding nations.
4. Solomon spoke 3,000 proverbs and his songs were 1,005; all people and nations came to hear the wisdom of Solomon.

1 Kings 5: Solomon Prepares to Build the Temple
1. David could not build a house for the name of the Lord his God because of the warfare with which his enemies surrounded him.
2. Solomon told Hiram, king of Tyre, “But now the Lord my God has given me rest on every side and I intend to build a house for the name of the Lord my God as the Lord said to David my father.”
3. Solomon commanded that cedars of Lebanon be cut by the Sidonians for the building of the temple.
4. Hiram rejoiced at the message of Solomon and promised to prepare cedar and cypress timbers for the building to take place.
5. The timbers were made into rafts to go by sea and delivered from there; Solomon provided food and oil year by year to Hiram and a treaty of peace was made between them.
6. Over 180,000 laborers were involved in the building of the temple; they quarried out great, costly stones and cut and prepared timbers for the building to come.

1 Kings 6: Solomon Builds the Temple
1. Precise measurements and designs went into the construction of the temple; all preparations were done off-site and neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron was heard in the house while it was being built.
2. So Solomon built the house and finished it; then the word of the Lord came to Solomon, “Concerning this house that you are building, if you will walk in my statutes and obey my rules and keep all my commandments and walk in them, then I will establish my word with you, which I spoke to David your father. And I will dwell among the children of Israel and will not forsake my people Israel.”
3. Gold overlay was reserved for special parts “of” and items “in” the house of the Lord (i.e., the Most Holy Place, the ark of the covenant of the Lord, two cherubim, the altar, the inside of the sanctuary, etc.).
3. It took seven years to finish the house of the Lord.

Week #48; Wed, 11/28/18: 1 Kings 7-10

Week #48; Wed, 11/28/18: 1 Kings 7:1-10:29

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. While it took 7 years to build the House of the Lord; it took 13 years for Solomon to build his palace.
2. Solomon included in his prayer of dedication a provision for any defeat of the people, drought on the land, famine, pestilence, blight, mildew, or plague that includes “turning” from sin and “acknowledging” the name of the Lord while “praying and pleading” with the Lord in “fear” for “forgiveness;” a format that still holds true today.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
1 Kings 7, Solomon’s Palace
1. It took 13 years for Solomon to build his own house named the House of the Forest of Lebanon; it was made of cedar.
2. The house included a Hall of pillars with a porch and a canopy.
3. He made a Hall of Thrones to pronounce judgment (Hall of Judgment)
4. He made a house like his house for Pharaoh’s daughter, his wife.
5. The house of the Lord was also built with a great court, an inner court, and a vestibule.
6. The Temple furnishings were made by Hiram from Tyre, a man full of wisdom, understanding, and skill for making any work in bronze.
7. Solomon brought in the things that David his father had dedicated, the silver, the gold, and the vessels, and stored them in the treasuries of the house of the Lord.

1 Kings 8, The Ark Brought into the Temple
1. Solomon assembled the elders, heads of the tribes, and leaders of the father’s houses of the people of Israel to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of the city of David (Zion).
2. The feast at the month of Ethanim, the seventh month, was ongoing.
3. The priests took up the ark of the Lord, the tent of meeting, and all the holy vessels that were in the tent and brought them up.
4. King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel who had assembled, sacrificed an untold number of sheep and oxen.
5. The priests brought the ark of the covenant of the Lord to its place in the inner sanctuary of the house, in the Most Holy Place, underneath the wings of the cherubim.
6. The cherubim spread out their wings over the place of the ark so that the cherubim overshadowed the ark and its poles.
7. The ark contained the two tablets of stone that Moses put there at Horeb, where the Lord made a covenant with the people of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.
8. When the priests came out of the Holy Place, a cloud filled the House of the Lord; the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord.
9. Solomon said, “The Lord has said that he would dwell in thick darkness. I have indeed built you an exalted house, a place for you to dwell in forever.”
10. Solomon also blessed all of the assembly of Israel while they stood saying, “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who has fulfilled his promise to David my father.”
11. Although David had it in his heart to build a house for the name of the Lord, the Lord assigned Solomon the task which has now been fulfilled.
12. Solomon rose to the place of his father and sits on the throne of Israel.
13. Solomon prayed before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel to give thanks for all he has done for his people and for placing a man (his father) on the throne of Israel.
14. The Lord promised to keep a man like David before him on the throne of Israel if only his sons pay close attention to their way, to walk before me as you (David) have walked before me.
15. Solomon included provisions for foreigners in his prayer when they pray and fear the Lord.
16. Following Solomon’s benediction, the king and all Israel, offered sacrifice (120,000 oxen, 22,000 sheep) before the Lord to dedicate the house of the Lord.

1 Kings 9, The Lord Appears to Solomon
1. The Lord said to Solomon, “I have heard your prayer and your plea.”
2. The Lord said, “As for you, if you will walk before me, as David your father walked, with integrity of heart and uprightness, doing according to all that I have commanded you, and keeping my statutes and my rules, then I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father, saying, ‘You shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel. But if you turn aside from following me, you or your children, and do not keep my commandments and my statutes that I have set before you, but go and serve other gods and worship them, then I will cut off Israel from the land that I have given them and the house that I have consecrated for my name I will cast out of my sight, and Israel will become a proverb and this house will become a heap of ruins.’
3. People will say, ‘because they abandoned the Lord their God who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt and laid hold on other gods and worshiped them and served them, the Lord has brought all this disaster upon them.'”
4. Solomon gave Hiram 20 cities for his work over the twenty years of construction; but Hiram disapproved the cities although he sent Solomon 120 talents of gold.
5. Solomon and Hiram built a fleet of ships in the land of Edom near the Red Sea; in going to Ophir, they brought 420 talents of gold to Solomon.

1 Kings 10, The Queen of Sheba
1. When the Queen of Sheba learned of all of the wealth and wisdom of King Solomon, she came bearing abundant gifts; she was overcome with all that she saw.
2. The Queen of Sheba gave the king 120 talents of gold, and a very great quantity of spies and precious stones.
3. Using his fleet of ships, Hiram also brought gold, almug wood, and precious stones from Ophir.
4. 666 talents of gold came to Solomon in one year besides that which came from the explorers and business merchants.
5. The king also made a great ivory throne and many gold shields.
6. Hiram’s fleet expanded with ships in Tarshish that bought gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.
7. King Solomon excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.