Week #43; Wed, 10/24/18: 2 Samuel 3:1-10:19

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. A long war took place between the house of David and the house of Saul; David’s house prevailed in the end.
2. David is a new thing in Israel; he is the natural, obvious, and Yahweh-willed successor to Saul.
3. The transfer of legitimacy must demonstrate David as the rightful successor to Saul.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
2 Samuel 3: Abner and David unite both houses
1. While Abner ruled Saul’s house, he was intent to do what the Lord promised David in spite of consolidating his personal power in the vacuum of Saul and over-running Ishbosheth, Saul’s son.
2. Abner transfers the kingdom of Saul to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan to Beersheba.
3. David insisted that Michal, Saul’s daughter and David’s wife, be returned to him.
4. When Abner departed, Joab arrived and became enraged when he learned that Abner had come to David at Hebron with twenty men.
5. Privately, and unbeknownst to David, Joab struck Abner and killed him for killing his brother Asahel at the battle at Gibeon.
6. David and all the people mourn Abner at his burial in Hebron; it became well known that it was not David’s will to put Abner to death.
2 Samuel 4: David’s response to the murder of Ish-bosheth
1. After Abner died at Hebron, two Benjamite men, Baanah and Rechab, killed Ish-bosheth and brought the news to David.
2. The men believed David would receive them gladly; however, David seized them and killed them for killing a righteous man as he had in the past at the news of the death of Saul and his sons.
2 Samuel 5: David becomes king of Israel
1. When David was 30, all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and recognized him as the one who led out and brought in Israel even during Saul’s reign.
2. So, all the elders told David as the Lord had said, “You shall be shepherd of my people Israel.” and he reigned for 40 years.
2 Samuel 6: The Ark is brought to Jerusalem
1. David and his men went to Jerusalem and transformed it into a stronghold and called it the “city of David.”
2. David became greater and greater, for the Lord, the God of hosts was with him.
3. David knew that the Lord had established him king over Israel, and he exalted his kingdom for the sake of Israel.
4. Hiram king of Tyre sent cedar trees, carpenters, and masons to build King David a house.
5. When the Philistines heard David became king of Israel, they came up against him in the Valley of Rephaim.
6. David inquired of the Lord about going up to meet them and the Lord told David to do so; David defeated them at Baal-perazim and carried away their idols.
7. The Philistines came up a second time at the Valley of Rephaim and again they were defeated from Gaza to Gezer.
8. David went to Baale-judah with 30,000 men to bring up from there the ark of God (called: the Lord of hosts who sits enthroned on the cherubim) to Jerusalem.
9. David and all the house of Israel were making merry before the Lord, with songs, lyres, harps, tambourines, castanets, and cymbals until Uzzah saw an ox stumble at the threshing floor of Nacon; Uzzah died when he reached out to stabilize the ark of God on the ox cart.
10. David became angry and was not willing to take the ark of the Lord into the city of David, instead he took it to the house of Obed-edom, the Gittite.
11. After 3 months, David learned that the Lord had blessed the household of Obed-edom, so he went and brought up the ark of God to the city of David with sacrifice and rejoicing.
12. David danced before the Lord with all his might while wearing a linen ephod to the sound of shouts and horns.
13. Michal saw the procession as the ark entered the city and she despised David in her heart for uncovering himself before the eyes of his servants.
14. When the ark of the Lord was placed in a tent made for it by David, he offered a burnt offering and a peace offering.
15. David returned to bless his household, but Michal confronted him, expressing her disgust over his shameful public performance.
16. David said to her that it was before the Lord who chose him above her father and all of his house and he would make himself even more contemptible in her eyes; Michal had no children to the day of her death.
2 Samuel 7: God makes a covenant with David
1. After David’s house was completed and peace reigned in Israel, David felt uneasy about the ark of God being in just a tent.
2. God spoke to Nathan, the prophet, how He plans to rise up David’s offspring to build Him a house; not David.
3. The Lord promised that David’s offspring will have a great kingdom and it’s throne will be established forever; His steadfast love will not depart from him as it was taken from Saul.
4. David prayed at the news delivered by Nathan giving thanks and gratitude to the Lord for all that the Lord has done and will do for the kingdom of Israel as revealed to the prophet by the God of Israel.
2 Samuel 8: David defeats his enemies
1. The Lord gave victory to David wherever he went, from the Edomites, Ammonites, Philistines, Amalekites, and the kingdom of Zobah; he took spoils of gold, silver, bronze to Jerusalem while building garrisons in the lands that were taken.
2. David put officials in place to administer justice and equity to all his people.
2 Samuel 9: David comforts Mephibosheth
1. David showed Mephibosheth (he was lame in both feet) kindness for the sake of his father Jonathan, the son of Saul.
2. David told Mephibosheth he would restore to him all of the land of Saul and he would eat at his table always.
3. David commanded Ziba, Saul’s servant, to till the land for Mephibosheth and bring in the produce for him; however, Mephibosheth would always eat at David’s table.
2 Samuel 10: David defeats Ammonites and Syrians
1. The king of the Ammonites died and David sent his servants to console his son Hanun since his father dealt loyally with him.
2. But, at the advice of his princes, they warned Hanun that David is untrustworthy and is only scouting out their land.
3. David’s men were shamed and abused and sent back to David.
4. When the Ammonites heard they had become a stench to David, they hired 23,000 Syrians to confront David.
5. Joab and Abishai, his brother, were sent to meet the Ammonites and Syrians and they defeated them.
6. A second time the Ammonites and the Syrians arrayed themselves against David and fought with him and a second time they were defeated; they made peace with Israel and became subject to them.

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