Week #42; Wed, 10/17/18: 1 Samuel 26:1–2 Samuel 2:32
1. David and Saul struggle again and again over a centralized state for the company of tribes.
2. David and Saul see more pressure from the Philistines, but David flees to them at a critical time.
3. Yahweh plays a central part in the governing of Israel and the transformation into a centralized state–to keep moving forward.
1 Samuel 26: Collision course for Saul and David
1. A confrontation over power by Saul and David must be resolved.
2. Saul is the stalker and David is the stalked that must always escape.
3. But, the Lord arose during Saul’s pursuit of David at the wilderness of Ziph putting a deep sleep over Saul and his 3,000 men enabling David and Abishai to take Saul’s spear and water jag.
4. From a safe distance, David calls out to Abner to explain why he did not properly guard Saul, the Lord’s anointed.
5. David displayed Saul’s spear and water jar that was at his head to prove that Saul had been at great risk; he returned it to Saul.
6. David yelled to Saul, “What have I done, why do you come out seeking a single flea?”
7. Saul admitted, “I have sinned. Return for I will do no more harm to you.”
8. However, they departed from the place by separate way.
1 Samuel 27: David seeks shelter from the Philistines
1. David knows that Saul will continue to pursue him, so he escapes to the land of the Philistines, out of the land of Israel.
2. David and his 600 men and their families fled to Gath and Saul no longer sought him.
3. David said to Achish, king of Gath, “Give me a place in one of the country towns to dwell.”
4. Achish agreed and gave David and his men Ziklag; they lived there for 16 months.
5. David and his men raided and plundered the towns in the greater area leaving no survivors to bring news to Gath.
6. When Achish asked, “Where have you been raiding?” David would say in Judah.
7. Achish believed David and was content to think that because of this, David was no longer welcome in Israel.
1 Samuel 28: The medium of En-dor spells trouble for Saul
1. Achish’s false trust in David led him to take David to war against Israel even making him his personal body guard.
2. Upon engaging at Shunem by the Philistines and at Gilboa by Israel to do battle, Saul became fearful and sought the Lord; but, the Lord would not answer Saul.
3. Saul then told his servants to seek out a medium to inquire with her.
4. Under disguise, Saul was led to a medium at En-dor by night where he sought to see Samuel.
5. Saul explained to Samuel that he sought him for guidance how to confront the Philistines in the face of war.
6. Samuel informed Saul that he will lose to the Philistines and that he and his sons will die and join Samuel.
7. Saul was immediately filled with fear and at the insistence of the woman, he ate with his men and departed for his camp.
1 Samuel 29: David is rejected by the Philistines
1. As the commanders of the Philistines were passing by to gather for battle from Aphek, they asked Achish why the Hebrews were included with the force.
2. The Philistine commanders refused to allow David and his men to join their forces for fear that they would defect and return to Israel, for they knew of David’s tremendous skills in war.
3. Achish followed the demands of the lords of the Philistines and sent David and his men home to his assigned place in Ziklag.
1 Samuel 30: David’s wives and children captured at Ziklag
1.When David and his men arrived in Ziklag, they found that the Amalekites had burned the town and taken all women and children captive.
2. David and his men pursued the Amalekites and defeated them, striking down all but 400 who escaped on camels.
3. David and his men recovered all that was taken by the Amalekites including wives and children and returned to Ziklag.
1 Samuel 31: Saul’s demise at Mount Gilboa
1. In the battle between the Philistines and Israel, the men of Israel fled and fell slain on Mount Gilboa including Saul and his sons (Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchi-shua).
2. Israel abandoned their cities and they became occupied by the Philistines.
3. The Philistines recovered the bodies of Saul and his sons.
4. The Philistines put Saul’s armor in the temple of Ashtaroh and they placed his body along with his sons on the wall in the temple of Beth-shan.
5. The Jabesh-gilead residents heard what the Philistines did and the valiant men went and recovered the bodies bringing them to Jabesh to burn while fasting for seven days.
2 Samuel 1: David learns of the Death of Saul and his sons
1. After the battle at Mount Gilboa, a man came to David from Saul’s camp informing him that Saul and his sons had died.
2. David asked the man how he knew that Saul and his sons were dead and the man said that he struck Saul after he was fallen by arrows because he was sure that Saul could not survive.
3. The man explained that he took Saul’s crown and armlet to bring them to David for proof of his explanation.
4. David had the man executed for putting Saul to death; specifically, for killing the Lord’s anointed.
5. David lamented Saul and Jonathan
2 Samuel 2: Anointing of David, King of Judah
1. David inquired of the Lord as to where he was to go and the Lord said to “Go up to Hebron.”
2. David took his two wives and his men to live in the town of Hebron where he was anointed king over the house of Judah.
3. David blessed the men of Jabesh-gilead for burying Saul.
4. However, Abner, commander of Saul’s army, took Ish-bosheth, son of Saul, and made him king over Israel at Mahanaim setting up more confrontation; this time between Israel and Judah.
5. Initially, twelve men from Judah and Israel were chosen to battle at Gibeon which finally ended with Joab blowing the trumpet to cease engaging with Abner for the immediate situation.