Week #41; Wed, 10/10/18: 1 Samuel 20:1-25:44

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
1. David is on the run from Saul.
2. When David spared Saul’s life, he ceased pursuing David.
3. David loses his wife but gains a new one in a way that can only be attributed to the hand of God.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
1 Samuel 20: Jonathan’s Warning to David
1. David feared his life would be taken by Saul and he was in hiding.
2. Jonathan assured David that his father always disclosed his intentions to him.
3. Jonathan made a covenant with David to inform him of his father’s intention upon the coming of the new moon.
4. Jonathan promised to shoot three arrows to signal to David his father’s intent, safety or danger in returning to Saul.
5. At the feast of the new moon, David’s place at the king’s table was empty and Saul inquired as to his whereabouts.
6. Jonathan told Saul that David went to Bethlehem to be with his family for the feast; this angered Saul and he promised to put David to death.
7. Later, Jonathan signaled to David with his arrows that his father’s intent was to do harm to David.
8. David and Jonathan departed in separate ways carrying much grief.

1 Samuel 21: David flees alone to Nob to Ahimelech the priest
1. David asked Ahimelech, “What do you have on hand to eat?”
2. Ahimelech gave him the holy bread for there was no common bread on hand.
3. David also asked for weapons; however, Ahimelech only had the sword of Goliath that David took from him in the battle at the Valley of Elah.
4. David took Goliath’s sword and fled to Gath to Achish the king of Gath, but the local people recognized him.
5. So, David feared Achish and he changed his behavior pretending to be mentally disturbed making Achish think he was mad.

1 Samuel 22: The Cave of Adullam
1. David departed from Nob and escaped to the cave of Adullam where his whole family and about 400 others went down to him at the news.
2. David became captain over all of them and they went down to Mizpeh of Moab and appealed to the king to let them stay with them.
3. The Lord spoke through the prophet Gad telling David to go to the forest of Hereth in Judah.
4. Doeg, the Edomite, informed Saul all that David had done at Nob and he sent for Ahimelech, the priest, and the priests who were at Nob.
5. Saul put Ahimelech and 85 others to death along with all of the people of Nob, except for one, Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech.
6. Abiathar went to David and informed him what Doeg told Saul and what Saul did to Nob.

1 Samuel 23: Philistines attack Keilah
1. The Philistines were robbing the threshing floors at the city of Keilah, so David inquired of the Lord to attack them.
2. The Lord told David to attack the Philistines at Keilah; David and his men were victorious.
3. Saul plotted to kill David at Keilah, a city with gates and iron bars.
4. David summoned the ephod that Abiathar, the priest, carried and he said to the Lord, “Will the people of Keilah surrender me to Saul?”
5. The Lord said, “Yes.”
6. David and his 600 men departed from Keilah and went to the strongholds of the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh while being pursued by Saul.
7. Jonathan went to David and they made a covenant together agreeing that David would be king over Israel and that they would be rejoined in the reign of David while they also confirmed that Saul knows this.
8. Meanwhile, the Ziphites disclosed David’s location to Saul and they led him to the wilderness of Maon in Arabah; but, in the pursuit of David, Saul learned that the Philistines were attacking the land.

1 Samuel 24: David spares Saul from sure death
1. Following the subduing of the Philistines, Saul took 3,000 of his men to resume his hunt for David.
2. While in route to capture David, Saul entered a cave at Engedi to find relief, the same cave where David and his men were hiding.
3. David stealthily cut off the corner of Saul’s robe there in the cave.
4. Later, David followed Saul and called after him saying, “My lord, the king!” and showed Saul the corner of his robe exclaiming that even though the Lord delivered Saul into his hand, he did not harm him.
5. Saul wept and confessed to David that he is more righteous and that he would become King of Israel.
6. Saul and David departed.

1 Samuel 25: Death of Samuel
1. When Samuel died they buried him in his house at Ramah.
2. David departed to Maon in the wilderness of Paran where he met Nabal and Abigail who were very rich.
3. Nabal was shearing sheep in Carmel and David sent his men to seek whatever he had for a feast day.
4. Nabal rejected David’s men and greatly insulted them.
5. David’s men had been guarding Nabal’s possessions while he was in Carmel shearing his many sheep.
6. David was indignant that Nabal did not do good for good and he ordered his men to draw their sword against Nabal.
7. Abigail interceded offering David’s men the prepared feast for Nabal’s men while she pleaded for David not to harm Nabal.
8. David relented and praised Abigail for keeping him from bloodguilt.
9. When Abigail told Nabal about the feast for David and his men, he became like a stone and later died.
10. Saul had given Michal, David’s wife and his daughter, to Palti of Gallim so David sent his servants to Abigail to seek her for his wife and she agreed.

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