Week #39; Wed, 9/26/18: 1 Samuel 9:1-14:32

1. God’s direction to Samuel to anoint Saul and David overlaps their lifespans; tension had to follow.
2. In desperation under the threat of the Philistines, Saul unlawfully offered the burnt offering instead of Samuel thereby dooming his kingdom.
3. Jonathan, Saul’s son, acted out of faith.

1 SAMUEL 9: King Saul led to Samuel
1. At the direction of Kish, a wealthy man, Saul and his servant were sent to search for some of his lost donkeys. Q: WHAT COMPELLED THE DONKEYS TO BECOME LOST? A: THE HAND OF GOD MOVES IN MYSTERIOUS WAYS . . .
2. For a quarter of a shekel of silver, Saul’s servant offered it to Samuel as a gift when they came seeking directions from the “man of God.”
3. Prior to Saul’s arrival, God told Samuel he was coming and he was to anoint him as prince over His people Israel.
4. Saul was invited to eat with Samuel as the honored guest at the feast of sacrifice; he was served a special portion that had been reserved for him.

1 SAMUEL 10: Samuel anoints Saul king
1. Samuel used a flask of oil, a kiss, and prophesy to Saul at his private anointing.
2. A series of steps over seven days then started which led Saul to become “another man” by the Spirit of the Lord.
3. Saul then prophesied among a group of prophets and they proclaimed “Is Saul also among the prophets?”
4. Samuel called the people together to the Lord at Mizpah where lots were drawn and the tribe of Benjamin was selected and the clan of the Matrites was selected and Saul was selected out of them.
5. Samuel then said to all the people, “Do you see him whom the Lord has chosen?” and the people said, “Long live the king!”

1 SAMUEL 11: Ammonites defeated
1. When the Ammonites threatened to gouge out the right eye of the people of Jabesh-gilead in condition for a peace treaty, Saul mustered 330,000 as one man to come out against them.
2. Upon victory over the Ammonites, Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us go to Gilgal and there renew the kingdom.”
3. There they made Saul king before the Lord in Gilgal.

1 SAMUEL 12: Samuel’s farewell
1. Samuel spoke to all Israel as he grew old, about his displeasure for the failings of the people in the distant past to the present for not following the Lord.
2. So, now he said, “. . . if you and the king who reigns over you will follow the Lord your God, it will be well. But if you will not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then the hand of the Lord will be against you and your king.”
3. As a confirmation, Samuel said before the people as he called on the Lord to send a “great thing” through thunder and rain, a testament to their wickedness for asking for a king; the Lord sent thunder and rain that day.
4. The people asked Samuel to pray for them for asking for a king; he said he would pray continuously for them and he cautioned them to not “. . . turn aside after empty things that cannot profit or deliver, for they are empty. But if you still do wickedly, you shall be swept away, both you and your king.”

1 SAMUEL 13: Philistines advance for war
1. When Jonathan defeated the Philistine garrison at Geba, the Philistines made a “stench” toward Israel and assembled 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen and troops to fight.
2. When the people of Israel learned of the advance of the Philistines, they fled and hid; meanwhile, Saul was waiting seven days for Samuel to return, but he did not arrive at the appointed time.
3. Saul himself UNLAWFULLY offered the burnt offering instead of Samuel.
4. When Samuel arrived, he asked Saul, “What have you done?”
5. Saul confessed that he needed to seek the favor of the Lord before confronting the Philistines; however, since Samuel was not present to offer up the burnt offering, he offered up the burn offering himself.
6. Samuel told Saul, “You have done foolishly! You have not kept the command the Lord your God, with which he commanded you. For then the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought out a man ‘after his own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.”
7. Only 600 men possessed sword and spear under Jonathan to meet the Philistines.

1 SAMUEL 14: Philistines defeated
1. Jonathan took only his armor-bearer out to meet the Philistines saying to him, “Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised. It may be that the Lord will work for us, for nothing can hinder the Lord from saving by many or by few.”
2. The Philistines fell before Jonathan and his armor-bearer; 22 men fell in the first strike; however, a panic began in the camp when the earth quaked causing the Philistines to disburse.
3. When Saul rallied the men with him and went into the battle, they learned that every Philistine’s sword was against his fellow, and there was great confusion.
4. All of the people of Israel then rallied and pursued the enemy; so the Lord saved Israel that day.

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