Week #38; Wed, 9/19/18: 1 Samuel 1:1-8:22

1. It is striking that Elkanah, a devout Levite, had two wives in contrast to only one wife (Matt. 19:5, 8).
2. However, the conflict between the two wives led to a special outcome, the birth and dedication of Samuel, the prophet.
3. Samuel was given the role of anointing the first two kings over Israel, Saul and David.

1 SAMUEL 1: Samuel’s birth
1. Elkanah’s wives were very different; Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children until later.
2. Hannah prayed for a son, promising to dedicate him to the Lord.
3. When Hannah delivered Samuel, she gave him to the Lord to serve all the days of his life.
4. Elkanah maintained his devotion to the Lord and he strongly supported Hannah.

1 SAMUEL 2: Hannah’s prayer of praise, thanksgiving, and rejoicing
1. Hannah’s powerful prayer praises God’s triumph; wisdom and sovereignty of divine providence of the affairs of people; and prediction and advance of his friends and demise of all his enemies.
2. At the tabernacle where Elkanah worshiped with his family in Shiloh, Eli was the priest; however, his two sons performed service there too, but with contempt of the Lord.
3. Meanwhile, Samuel grew under the presence of Eli in the tabernacle.
4. There came a “man of God” to Eli and said, both of your sons, Hophni and Phinehas, shall die on the same day and I will put in place a faithful priest that will do according to what is in my heart and in my mind forever.

1 SAMUEL 3: The Lord calls Samuel to minister
1. While Samuel was ministering to the Lord under Eli, he was lying down where the ark of God was placed.
2. The Lord called Samuel three times, each time he ran to Eli prepared to answer and support his need.
3. Eli told Samuel he did not call him and to return to his rest; however, at the last call Eli perceived the call to Samuel was from the Lord and to respond to the Lord by saying, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.”
4. The Lord came and stood, calling as before, “Samuel, Samuel, behold, I am about to do a thing in Israel at which the two ears of everyone who hears it will tingle. On that day I will fulfill against Eli all that I have spoken concerning his house, from beginning to end. And I declare to him that I am about to punish his house forever, for the iniquity that he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God, and he did not restrain them. Therefore, I swear to the house of Eli that the iniquity of Eli’s house shall not be atoned for by sacrifice or offering forever.”
5. The next morning Eli told Samuel to tell him what the Lord said; Samuel told him everything the Lord said.
6. All people came to know that Samuel was established as a prophet of the Lord; the Lord revealed himself to Samuel again at Shiloh.

1 SAMUEL 4: The ark of the covenant is captured by the Philistines
1. When Israel went out to battle against the Philistines at Ebenezer, they were defeated losing about 4,000 men.
2. The elders determined that they should bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord to Shiloh that it may save them.
3. All of Israel gave a mighty shout as soon as the ark came into the camp and striking fear into the Philistine camp.
4. In battle; however, the Philistines defeated Israel striking down 30,000 foot soldiers, capturing the ark of God, and killing Eli’s sons, Hophni and Phinehas.
5. When the news reached Shiloh, Eli was informed of the losses and he fell backwards, breaking his neck; Eli had been judge over Israel for 40 years.

1 SAMUEL 5: The ark and the Philistines
1. The Philistines placed the ark in Ashdod in the house of Dagon; however, the next day Dagon had fallen face down on the ground before the ark of the Lord.
2. When the Philistines restored Dagon to its place, the same thing happened only the head and hands were cut off.
3. Ashdod was plagued by tumors and the lords of the Philistines decided that the ark of God should be sent to Gath, but the people there experienced tumors too.
4. The ark of God was then sent to Ekron, but tumors struck them too.
5. In panic, the lords of the Philistines sent the ark of God away after a total of 7 months.

1 SAMUEL 6: The ark of God is returned to Israel
1. The Philistine priests insisted on returning the ark of God to Israel with a guilt offering of 5 golden tumors and 5 golden mice so that they would be healed (1 for Ashdod, 1 for Gaza, 1 for Ashkelon, 1 for Gath, and 1 for Ekron).
2. A new cart was prepared with two milk cows that had never been yoked.
3. The ark of God and the golden figures were loaded on the cart and released.
4. The cows went straight in the direction of Beth-shemesh, turning neither to the right or the left; the cart stopped in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh amid cheers and rejoicing.
5. The cows were offered as a burnt offering.
6. 70 men of Beth-shemesh were struck down because they looked upon the ark of the Lord.

1 SAMUEL 7: Samuel judges Israel
1. The ark of God was taken to the house of Abinadab and they consecrated his son Eleazar to have charge of the ark.
2. Samuel told Israel to put away their foreign gods and Ashtaroth and to serve the Lord only so that He will deliver them from the Philistines; the people of Israel did as Samuel told them.
3. Samuel told the house of Israel to gather at Mizpah for prayer and fasting for sinning against the Lord.
4. The Philistines heard of the gathering and they went up against Israel.
5. Samuel offered up a lamb as an offering and as the Philistines drew near, the Lord thundered with a mighty sound against the Philistines and threw them into confusion and they were routed before Israel.
6. So the Philistines were subdued and did not again enter the territory of Israel.

1 SAMUEL 8: Israel demands a king
1. When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel, but they took bribes for gain and perverted justice.
2. The elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah saying, “You are old and your sons do not walk in your ways; now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations.”
3. Samuel was displeased and appealed to the Lord in prayer, but the Lord said, “Obey the voice of the people for they have not rejected you, for they have rejected me from being their king.”
4. The Lord told Samuel to warn them and show them the ways of the king who shall reign over them.
5. Samuel did so, but the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel thinking that a king will go out and fight their battles.
6. The Lord granted Israel’s request for a king saying, “Obey their voice and make them a king.

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