Week #32; Wed, 8/08/2018, Josh. 12:1-19:51

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Boundaries of the land are delineated both before and after the crossing of the Jordan. Apparently Moses was active in the defeat of the kings east of the Jordan and Joshua defeated the kings beyond the Jordan. As the tribes of Israel are allocated their inheritance, detailed boundaries of Israel are identified by God to Moses and Joshua forever.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

JOSHUA 12: Kings defeated by Moses and Joshua and the Allocation of Those Lands to the Tribes of Israel
1. Following victory by the people of Israel, Moses gave the lands east of the Jordan to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.
2. Following 31 victories by the people of Israel on the west side of the Jordan, Joshua gave those lands to the remaining nine tribes and half the tribe of Manasseh.

JOSHUA 13: Land to be Conquered and Inheritance East of the Jordan
1. Very much land remained to possess and Joshua was getting old.
2. God himself told Joshua that He Himself will drive out the inhabitants before the people of Israel.
3. Joshua was to include the dividing of this additional land for an inheritance to the remaining nine tribe and half the tribe of Manasseh.
4. However, the people of Israel did not drive out the Geshurites or the Maacathites.
5. Only the Levites did not receive an inheritance; the offerings by fire to the Lord God of Israel are their inheritance.

JOSHUA 14: Inheritance West of the Jordan and Caleb’s Request and Inheritance
1. The inheritance that all the people received was done by lot.
2. The Levites did not receive land as an inheritance.
3. Caleb came to Joshua explaining that Moses sent him and his brothers to spy out the land when he was 40. This was before the crossing of the Jordan, but now Caleb was old.
4. Caleb, now at 85 and still a strong man, requested the “hill country” inheritance Moses promised him.
5. Joshua blessed him and gave him Hebron.

JOSHUA 15: Judah’s Allotment
1. Details for the boundaries of Judah are given.
2. Caleb’s portion is reiterated.
3. In Caleb’s clearing of the inhabitants from his inheritance, he invited his leaders to capture Debir/Kiriath-sepher, promising to give his daughter to the victor.
4. Othniel, Caleb’s brother, captured it and he gave him Achsaah his daughter as wife.
5. But the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, could not be driven out by the people of Judah.

JOSHUA 16: Ephraim and Manasseh’s Allotment
1. The allotment of the people of Joseph (Manasseh and Ephraim) was assigned.
2. However, they did not drive out the Canaanites, so they were made to do forced labor for the people of Israel.

JOSHUA 17: Ephraim and Manasseh’s Allotment (cont.)
1. The allotment to Manasseh (the firstborn to Joseph) was made.
2. Then the allotment was made to Machir (the firstborn of Manasseh) and to the rest of the people of Manasseh by their clans by male descendants.
3. The five daughters that were descendants of Zelophehad were his only children and they approached Eleazar and Joshua requesting an inheritance like the brothers of their father.
4. The Canaanites persisted in dwelling in that land even though being put to forced labor; they were not driven out.
5. The people of Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) were many and needed more land since the hill country of Ephraim is too small and narrow.
6. They approached Joshua for more land and he granted them two allotments, but required them to clear the forests of the hill country inhabited by the Canaanites, though they have chariots of iron and though they are strong.

JOSHUA 18: Allotment of Remaining Land and the Inheritance for Benjamin
1. The people of Israel assembled at Shiloh and set up the tent of meeting there where the land was already subdued.
2. Here at Shiloh the seven tribes that still needed allotments were required to go and survey the land with three men from each and divide it into seven portions and bring it to Joshua.
3. Joshua cast lots for the portions of land, one for each tribe.
4. Benjamin’s inheritance came up as the first lot. It’s boundaries and cities are described.

JOSHUA 19: Simeon, Zebulun, Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, Dan, and Joshua’s Inheritance
1. The remaining tribe inheritances were assigned by lot for the remaining portions of land and its cities.
2. So, the dividing of the land was finished.

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